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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOEOTNG OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, JANtTAET 6, 1900.
WEEKLYRtVlEW OF TRADE
"W1XD-TJP -OF OLD BUSINESS HOLD"
EVG BACK NEW TRANSACTIONS.
Cotton and Woolen Goods Still Ad.
vancing: Wlicat Markets Q,nct
The Week's Bonk Clearing.
NEW TORK, Jan, 5. R. G. Dun & Co.'s
weekly review tomorrow "will say:
Failures in IS99 -were 9893 in number, -with
liabilities of 12S.132,C9. The last lew days
of the ear added a few to the number,
and some millions to the known liabili
ties of firms and banks which failed close
to the end, so that commercial defaults
reached $&0,S79,SS9, of which $30,792,164 were
in manufacturing, J48.924.771 in trading,
and $11,1G2;9&4 In brokerage, promoting and
other commercial liabilities. Most people
In business have been so occupied with
their accounts and the settlements of the
past year that little new business has
yet been done. No new tendency in man
ufactures or in trading appears, and less
change than was anticipated in money
There is nothing unsound in the business
of the great industries, but an extensive
revision of prices may disappoint extreme
expectations. Two ways of stimulating
business are adoDted. The Iron Age no
tices "transactions of magnitude in
foundry iron, which indicates that
some sellers are willing to make
concessions to secure the trade of
good customers." But the steel and wire
company has advanced prices of wire
naIs, barbed and smooth wire 23 cents.
Bessemer pig is not higher than it was six
weeks ago, and steel declined from 5410
to 52 25 at Philadelphia; bars at Pittsburg
from 52 25 to ?2 15, and sheets from .$3 15
to 32 SO. while the structural and rail pro
ducers have held firm, "but refused to ad
vance prices. Some new business is re
ported, but not enough as yet to Indicate
the tendency. In tin, after a fall from
33 to 25 cents, prices rose to 25.25, with
X.ondon, and in copper, 1G& cents is quoted,
instead of 18 conts, a month ago.
The disposition to ask higher prices Is
seen in boots and shoes, 20 cents' advance
being asked in some for which 17 was
asked and paid in November. The yield
ing in hides at Chicago, in spite of short
receipts because warm weather has
checked killing by farmers, has reached
0.6 per cent In the past month.
Cotton goods are at the highest -quotations
of last year, wth good demand,
though cotton has declined a little. But
the goods were at no time advanced quite
in proportion to the material, and are in
that sense cheaper now than a year ago.
Woolen goods are also much, lower with
respect to wool than a year ago, and
some further advance has been expected.
Wool is strongly held, though prices of
a month ago cannot he obtained. Cot
ton does not rise further because receipts
from plantations have somewhat in
creased, and accounts of large stocks at
many small towns have attracted atten
tion. At Southern mills, which can easily
supply themselves wth large stocks from
the surrounding country without passing
the cotton through any market, or -drawing
it until It is wanted, many have done
so for their protection against the publicly
announced combination last fall to raise
prices. The mills consumed last year
1,400,000 bales, but are reported as having
taken for this year's crop only 441.TH)0.
"W heat moved very sluggishly, with small
change in prices. In six months of the
crop year about 99,000,000 bushels (flour
included), have been exported, against 123,
000,000 last year. Atlantic exports have
now fallen to only 2,90,92G bushels .for the
week, against B.514,240 last year, and Pa
cific exports were 531,225 against 614.833 last
year The price is practically unchanged.
Failures for -the week have been 273 in
the United States, against 243 last year,
and 19 In Canada, against -24 last year.
Business -for 'the "Week Han Been of
the Holiday Order.
NEW TORK, Jan. 5. Bradstreet's will
The business world has "marked time"
this week, pending ihe results of annual
stock-takings, and 'the passing away of the
holiday influences which usually make for
quietness at this period. Aside from the
strengtheninfr Of values of a number or
staples, such as the cereals, provision
and cotton, which are speculatively dealt
in, there is no decided movement forward,
but. on the -other hand, the strength of all
other Staple values points to there having
been no backward step taken. Perhaps the
most notable movement among leading
staples is that developed in hogs and hog
products, a better realization being had or
the features making for strength in those
products, notable among which being tab
reduction in the supply bf hogs, which, like
the similar ialling off in the number ot
cattle, has gone on for a number of years
That the advance in hog products is
beginning to attract more attention
seems evident from the extent to which
the advance has had sympathetic reflec
tion in the prices of wheat and other cer
eals, Which really trace some of the
strength which has been ghown this week
to that quarter. While stocks of wheat
have fallen off In Europe and shipments
there to December were the lightest re
corded for many years, still stocks have
increased in this country to nearly as
great an extent.
Owing to the continued light movement
and the confidence with which holders
maintain prices, cotton has advanced
slightly during the week. It Is evident
the new plan for warehousing cotton ia
having a measureable influence upon the
movement in sight.
In iron and steel, quiet strength has, as
for many weeks past, been the notable
feature. A rather more aggressive reel
ing is noted at Chicago, where wire ana
nails have been considerably advanced,
and bad steel, angles and channels have
also moved upward. With the countrys
production sold ahead as heavily as It is,
there is naturally little or no Immediate
new business offering. No sign of "weak
ness in the steel market is perceptible,
and there has been, in fact, a marking
up of the nominal rates. TPhe hardware
trade has completed a year remarkable in
many respects, and the report comes from
the West that a number of salesmen did
not leave the road at all during the holi
days, but kept steadily at work. lAgat
hardware of some sorts has been markea
up this week. Lumber is seasonably
quiet, hut all preparations for an active
spring business are perceptible. A point
of much interest to the lumber trade is
the possible placing of an immediate oraer
for 1,000.000.000 feet of yellow pine for the
pan - American exposition, at Buffalo.
Prices show no weakness.
Textiles display notable strength. Next
season cotton goods will all open higher,
and in finished products, particularly,
there is a chance for expansion, as quo
tations in those lines have not moved tip
to a parity with gray goods. The short
supply of water is beginning to affect the
New England cotton mills, and this prom
ises to Introduce still another element of
strength in the holders' positions.
Wool, though quiet, is strong, and man
ufactured goods will certainly open at
good advances. The bulk of the wool
crop is said to have already been mar
keted. Export trade for our fine wool Is
good, as evidenced by some shipments tnis
week to England, and some buyers are
said to have bought wool that is yet on
the sheep's back in the West.
Wheat dncludlng flour) shipments for the
week aggregate 2,509,602 bushels, against
S.U0.557 bushels last week, 6.8G0.2G0 bush
els in the corresponding week of 1&99, 3.
451,676 bushels in 189S and 3.10S.6S8 bushels
in 1S97. Since July 1, this season, the ex
ports of Wheat aggregate 106,433,879 hush
es against 12S,33S,977 last year and 132,
545.395 bushels in 1SB7-9S.
Business failures for the week number
229 as compared with 220 last week, 237
la this week V. year ago, 333 In 19S ana
4S8 in 1S97. Business failures in Canada
number 24 for the week, as compared with
22 last week, 26 in this week a year ago
and4S in 1833.
THE FINANCIAL RKVIEW.
Easier Money Conditions Gave a. Good
Tone to the Market.
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. Bradstreet's finan
cial review tomorrow will say:
Easier conditions in the money market,
together with the effective support from
leading Interests in the industrial and rail
road share lists, particularly the Van
derbilt trunk lines, gave a good tone to
the market at the beginning of the year.
The transactions of last Saturday were of
the usual limited kind, In advance of two
days' holiday, but prices were firm and
the feeling of the market indicated a be
lief that the financial situation had im
proved. This Impression was not nega
tived by the weekly bank statement, al
though the changes in the averages for
the week were not of very signal charac
ter. Tuesday, when the exchange reopened,
professional buying was in evidence, while
money, apart from some temporary Irreg
ularity, ruled at about 6 per cent, and
the foreign markets were generally calm,
with some slight indications of bullish
ness throughout the list, attention being
given to special securities, of which the
Pacific railroads, the Vanderbllt trunk
line stocks, and the steel and tobacco In
dustrials were -the most prominent. A
declining tendency in Brooklyn Transit
had no effect on the rest of the list, and
that stock later on recovered mainly upon
the covering by the short interest In It.
It was noticeable, however, that the mar
ket, In spite of Its relatively fair degree
of activity, was extremely professional,
and that the public's part in the move
ment, as indicated by the transactions car
ried out by the commission-houses, was
on the whole small. London purchased a
few stocks, but Its chief Influence on the
market came from the easing off of dis
count rates In the open market, and the
more cheerful speculative sentiment which
developed with the news that some success
had attended the maneuvers of the British
forces in South Africa.
On Wednesday afternoon, however, there
was a change in the attitude of our mar
ket which had its origin abroad. It would
seem that the money market conditions
at Berlin have not Improved, and that
the seizure of a German vessel carrying
supplies to the Transvaal was regarded as
likely to nut a strain upon the already
difficult relations between Germany and
5reat Britain. At all events, heavy sales
of German holdings of American stocks
were noted Jn both London and New York,
and the market lost a considerable pait
of its previous improvements.
Vague reports of British reverses in the
South African war added to the uncertain
ty, while the fact that In spite of easier
rates for money in London, exchange ad
vanced more or less, also had Its effect.
On Thursday the market presented fur
ther indications of an incipient break, ow
ing to further declines in prices for Ameri
cans in London, but before the day ended
a decided rally set In under the lead of
the trunk line stocks. This Is due large
ly to repwrts that some Important ar
rangement had been effected which was
calculated to Improve the already har
monious relations Of the leading trunk line
properties. It was also thought that the
announcement of the transfer of the elec
tric light organization created by the lead
ing interests in Metropolitan Traction to
the Gonbolldated Gas will tend to bring
about an eatly settlement of the New York
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. The following ta
ble, compiled by Bradstreet, shows the
bank clearings at principal cities for the
week ended January 4, with the percent
age of increase and decrease, as compared
with the corresponding week last year:
New York $L117,476,0C0 .... 2.6
Boston 139.817.000 .... 1.4
Chicago 133,-p33,-Q00 4.7
Philadelphia im,007,000 13.2
St. Louis 35,272,000 14.2 ....
Pittsburg 25.H4o.OuO 2i.o ....
Baltimore .. 23,083.000 7.2
San Francisco 20,748.000 31.8 ....
Cincinnati 16,948,000 20.7
Kansas City 1L975 00) i52 ....
New Orleans 10.58J.000 .... - 17.9
Minneapolis 9,500.000 .... 3.2
Detroit 8.738,000 24.1 ....
Cleveland 10.476.O&D 13.8
Louisville 8,594,000 15,1
Providence 6.648,000 6.0
Milwaukee 6.044,000 3.4
St. Paul 4,676,000 6.6
Buffalo 5,282,000 7.3 ....
Omaha 5.581,000 .... 18.0
Indianapolis 8,089,000 32.4
Columbus, 0 5,i95,O00 20.1 ...
Savannah 3,723,000 39.8
Denver 4,556,000 60.3
Hartford 3,748,000 .... 6.9
Richmond 3,522,000 .... 6.3
Memphis 2,235.000 .... 14.5
Washington 2.704,000 39.8
Peoria 2,122.000 2.4
Rochester 2,474,000 6.0
New Haven 1,655,000 .... 29.7
Worcester 1,459,000 16.1 ....
Atlanta 1,867.000 .... 9.2
Salt Lake City.... 2,292.000 28,6 ....
Springfield. Mass. 1,801,000 6.5
Fort Worth 1,994,000 6.5
Portland, Me 1,309,000 .... 284
Portland, Or.. ... 1.879.000
St. Joseph 3.732,000 68.0 ....
Los Angeles 1.941.000 11.4
Norfolk 1.325,000 17.1 ....
Syracuse 1,553,000 20.1
Des Moines 1,649,000 .... 40.0
Nashville L5S0.O00 6.7
Wilmington, Del.. 1,193,000 30.8
Fall River 864,000 .... 39.7
Scran ton 1,207,000 13.2 ....
Grand Rapids .... 1,123.000 .... 16.4
Augusta. Ga 916.000 27.5
Lowell 633,000 .... 1.3
Dayton, O 1,181,000 31.9
Seattle .. 1,755,000 76.0
Tacoma 885,000 54.1 ....
Spokane 1,170,000 8.5
Sioux City 971,000 5.8
New Bedford .... 368.000 .... 23.6
Knoxvllle, Tenn... 1577,000 5.4
Topeka .. 621,000 25.2
Birmingham .. .. 869,000 53.2
Wichita 466,000 67.6
BInghamton 473,000 5.5
Lexington. Ky.... 433,000 51.9
Jacksonville, Fla. 318,000 37.6 ....
Canton, 0 286.000 42.2
Springfield, 0 238.000 14,7
Fargo, N. D 359,000 .... 4...
Sioux Falls, S. D. 160.000 42.8
Hastings, Neb.... 167.000 29.4
Fremont, Neb 128,000
Davenport 1,216,000 30.6
Helena 647,000 39.1 ....
Totals, TJ. S.... 41.781,771,000 0.9 T77T
Outside N. Y. 664,000,000 7.5 ....
Dominion of Canada
Montreal I .10,424,000 .... 23.5
Toronto 11,692,000 2.5 ....
Winnipeg 2.907,000 38.7 ....
Halifax 1,755,000 15.0 ....
Hamilton 946,000 21.2 ....
St. John, N. B 693,000 33.2 ....
Vancouver 963,000 52.8 ....
Victoria 629,000 18.0
Totals 30,012,000 .... 3.5
THE YEAR'S BANK CLEARINGS.
The Total for 1899 Over Ninety
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. Bradstreet's re
view of bank clearings for 1899 shows that
the total of the United States was ?93,
504,932,656. an increase of ?25,O01,596,426 over
the total of 1898. New York ranks first
among the cities, with a total for the year
of $60,761,791,900; Boston is second, with
$7,056,285,271, and Chicago Is third, with
$6,612,313,611. The clearings for 1899 were
more than double those of 1894. Boston, in
1899, moved ahead of Chicago, the latter
city dropping to third place. Philadelphia,
St Louis, Pittsburg, Baltimore, San Fran
cisco, Cincinnati, Kansas City and Minne
apolis maintain the rank held In 1898.
Cleveland, which was In 13th place in 189S,
however, moved up to 12th place, displac
ing New Orleans, which is now 13th. De
troit gained at the expense of Louisville,
and Omaha, which was 16th in 1898, fell
two places in 1899.
Buffalo gained one point at the expense
of St. Paul. Denver and Richmond also
moved up. St Joseph .made a further
gain over the notable jump that city took
in 189S, and is now 24th in the list, as
compared with No. 40 In 1897. The heaviest
increase was that of 56 per cent, shown
by Pittsburg. Exceptional activity In the
iron trade is no doubt responsible for this
gain, and the increase of 32 per cent gain
shown at Cleveland.
NEARLY BROKE A RECORD
JSTATE OF CALIFORNIA MAKES A
-TAST RUN FROM FRISCO.
"Forty-Eight Hours and Five Minutes
From'Doclc-to Dock Steamer Mas
cot Sunlc-JUarine Notes.
The steamer State of California arrived
at her dock at 12 noon yesterday, after a
very fast trip from San Francisco. While
the time made was about 43 minutes slow
er than the record which was made Dy
the same steamer two years ago, the per
formance Is noteworthy through the fact
that It Was made almost unconsciously,
no thought of going for a record being
in the minds of any of the officers, Tne
steamer was nearly two hours late In
leaving San Francisco, and did not pull
out from the wharf In the Bay city until
11:55 A. M. Wednesday. As she Teachea
here at 12 sharp, the time from dock to
dock was 48 hours 5 minutes, compared
with her own record of 47 hours 18 min
utes, and the Columbia's record of 4S
hours 18 minutes. Af ter leaving San Fran
cisco, the steamer encountered a strong
head wind, which stayed with her as far
as Mendocino. From that polht she had a
fair wind, and came boomlnpr along at the
rate of 15 miles an hour, the 30-mlle stretcn
between Capes Blanco and Arago being
coveted in exactly two hours, compared
with 2 hours 14 minutes on her record
trip. She was off Tillamook half an
hour after midnight yesterday morning,
but took things easy from there up to the
bar. Captain Gage scented bad weatnei
coming and decided to keep moving, and
In spite of the darkness -and win a
squalls, brought his ship In without dir
ficulty at 2:10 A. M.
There was a strong flood tide running,
and the run to Astoria could easily havo
been made in 40 minutes, but as no one
was thinking of tecords and it was very
dark, the steamer came up under a slow
bell, reaching the dock at 3:20. She re
mained there until 5:10. when she starteo
across the bay. It was an intensely darn,
morning, and the wind and rain were
coming In hard squalls, but Pilot Patterson
did not like to see a good Tun spoiled, so
he took her across Cathlamet bay at full
speed, surprising even Captain Gage, who
3tated that in an experience covering, in
cluding intervals, nearly 46 years on the
Portland and "San Francisco route, he had
never witnessed more skillful handling of
a steamship. The trip completed by the
State yesterday was, with one exception,
the fastest that has even been made on
the route. The logs for the two trips give
the following details:
Left Jan., 1900. Feb,, 1898.
San Francisco 11:15 A. M. 10.50 A. M.
Point Bonlta 12:36 P. M. 11:20 A. M.
Point Reyes 2:37 P. M. 1:07 P. M.
Point Arena 7:50 P. M. 5140 P. M.
Mendocino 2:25 A. M. 12:05 A.M.
Cape Blanco 12:00 noon. 10:15 AM.
Cape Arago 2:00 P. M. 12:29 P. M.
Umpqua 3:18 P. M. 1:58 P. M.
Yaquina 7:25 P. Til. 6:0SP. M.
Cape Mears 10:45 P. M. 9i22 P. M.
Tillamook 12:30 A. M. H-,12 P. M.
Crossed bar 2:10 A M. 12:45 A, M.
At Astoria 3:20A.M. 2:24A.M.
Left up 5:10A.M. 3:20A.M.
Arrived Portland.. 12:00 noon. 10:08 A.M.
Running time 46 h. 35 m. 46 h. 22 m.
Time dock to dock 48 h. 5 m. 47 h. 18 m.
The running time is so close to that ot
the former trip that It will undoubtedly
cause considerable figuring among the
crews as to the amount of time lost ny
slowing down, etc. On her record trip, the
State was in command of Captain Green,
with Chief Engineer A. H. Kress, and
on the trip ending yesterday, Captain John
Gage was on the navigating end of the
ship, with Fred Nixon chief engineer.
The Columbia made her record run in
command of Captain George Conway, with
Chief Engineer Jackson in charge of the
CAPTAIN SCOTT'S LATEST.
Will Build a Twenty-Knot Boat on
Another speedy vessel will make regu
lar trips between Seattle and Everett, says
the Seattle P.-I. Yesterday, the Seattle.
Everett and Tacoma Navigation Gom
pany, which owns and operates the Grey
hound, awarded a contract to the Sumnet
iron works, of Everett, for the construc
tion 6f a fast passenger steanler, to run
between this city and Everett. The con
tract provides that the vessel must show
a speed better than 20 knots an hour,
which Is nearly as- fast as the present
average railroad time between Seattle and
Everett. All of the work Is to be done at
The plans Involve the construction of a
vessel along the same general lines as the
Flyer, though the Vessel will not be so
large. Her general dimensions are to he
140 feet length and 21 feet beam. She is
being constructed at a cost of $30,000, and
the contract provides for her completion
within four.inonth- The award was made
yesterday by U. B. -cott for the company.
FINE MOSTLY REMITTED.
Master Not Knoivlnjrly at Fault
Sale -of Intcrst In Pulitzer.
ASTORIA, Jan. 5 Word has been re
ceived from the treasury department by
Collector Fox that the fine of $5000 recent
ly Imposed hy him against the German
bark Hyon, for coming into port without
a consul or bill of health, had been re
duced to $15. The vessel came from Mazat
lan and her master claimed that this was
his first trip to America as master of a
vessel, and he was Ignorant of the custom
regulations. His agents at Mazatlan had
secured the clearance papers and bills of
health for the ship, and he supposed they
were the proper ones.
A bill of sale was filed in the custom
house today whereby Robert Carruthers,
as administrator of the estate of the late
Captain Alex Malcolm, sells to Samuel
Elmore an eighth interest in the pilot
schooner Joseph Pulitzer. The considera
tion named is $1400.
FOUND A SNAG.
Steamer Mascot Meets With An Acci
dent In Levels River.
The steamer Mascot found ahother of
the snags jn Xewls river Thursday, and
was beached on a bar In the river to
keep her deck 'dry until the hole maae
by the snag could be closed. The Lewis
river has always been a Eource of trouDie
to steamboatnien, and boats are snagged
there so often that old navigators of the
stream, like Captain Davis, are always
ready for emergencies and beach their
craft where it is comparatively easy to
The Mascot Is lying easy, with dry decks,
and will be floated without difficulty today
or tomorrow. The,G. M. Walker has tem
porarily taken her place on the Lewis
MAIL STEAMER WRECKED.
Crashed on the Isle of Guernsey and.'
"With Fatal Results.
LONDON, Jan. 5. The Great Western
line mall steamer Ibex struck on Black
rock, at St Sampson's island of Guernsey,
at 6 o'clock this morning and sunk. The
crash awoke the nassengers, numbering
32 persons, who, rushing on deck, found
the vessel slowly sinking. The boats were
launched within 10 minutes after the
steamer struck, and there was no name.
All the passengers were saved, but one
sailor was drowned. All on boaTd, the Ibex
behaved with the greatest courage, and
the cantaln was the last to leave the ship.
The Ibex is a steel vessel of 1150 tons, ana
was built in 1891. She left Weymouth
for Guernsey last night
The moose had to be captured when young
and raised by hand. The experiment is
being watched With Interest The Hudson's
Bay Company prepared the moose for tne
New Zealand government.
With Boilers Disabled.
ST. JOHNS, N. F.. Jan. 5. The Danish'
tank steamer Borneo; 21 "days from Blythe,
England, for Philadelphia, has arrived
here with her hellers disabled. She was
drifting for oight days, and was carried
nearly to the Labrador coast, being in
great danger of driving ashore. Tempo
rary repairs were effected,- which enabled
her to reach this port, where the boilers
are being overhauled.
The British bark Aueyra will leave down
this morning. She is drawing about 22
feet 8 inches.
The British steamship Elm Branch,
under charter to the Pacific Export Lum
ber Company, is due from the Orient to
day or tomorrow.
The Oriental liner Monmouthshire salleo.
from Yokohama Wednesday, with a full
cargo for Portland.
SUBDUING THE "TEKKES
JBOW-JRUSSTA COMPLETED THE COX
Domestic 'and Foreign Forts.
ASTORIA, Jan. 5. Arrlyed at 3:20 A. M.
and left up at 5:10 Steamer State of Cal
ifornia, from San Francisco. Condition
of bar at 5 P. M. Rough; wind, south
east; weather, cloudy.
San Francisco, Jan. 5. Arrived Steam
ship Columbia, from Portland; steamer Co
qullle River, from Gray's harbor. Sailed
Schooner Daisy Rowe, schooner Gota
ma, steamer Alice Blanchard, for Coos
bay; schooner Melancthon, for Willapa
harbor; steamer Bristol, for Nahalmo.
Tacoma Arrived Jan. 4 British steamci
Bioemfonteln, from Honolulu; British
steamer Queen Adelaide, from Hong Kong.
Sailed Jan. 4 British steamer City of
London, for Hong Kong.
Port Gamble, Jan. 5. Sailed Barkentlno
Skagit, for Honolulu.
Port Los Angeles Arrived Jan. 4 Nor
wegian steamer Titania, from Nanalmo.
Seattle, Jan. tT.-An Ivcd Steamers Din
go and Townsend, from Skagway.
Liverpool In port Dec. 21 British ship
Imberhorn, for Tacoma.
New York, Jan. 5. Arrived Bungundy,
Havre, Jan. 5. Arrived La Bretagne,
from New York.
Glasgow, Jan. 5. Arrived State of Ne
braska, from New York; Grecian, from
Hamburg, Jan. 6. Arrived Patricia,
from New York, via Plymouth.
Liverpool, Jan. 5. Arrived Pehnland,
Hoqulam Sailed Jan. 4 Schooner Vo
lant, from Aberdeen, 4or.kSan?FfancIscti
Arrived Schooner Roy SomarsV from "San
Francisco, for Ccsmopolis.
New York, Jan. 5. Arrived Lucania,
from Liverpool and Queenstown.
Queenstown, -Jan. 5 Arrived Camna
nia, from New York for Liverpool, and
Naples, Jan. 5. Sailed Auguste Vic
toria, from Genoa for New York.
Senator Hopr c.s a Socialist.
New Orleans Picayune.
Mr. Hoar is runnlhg Into rank sentlmen
tallsm when he proposes to put all the peo
ple of the United States on a social plane
and to secure to every individual a com
petency to enable him to live a life of com
fort and ease. How all this is to be done
is not stated, but It embraecs the wildest
vagaries of extreme socialism. The ex
perience of all recorded time Is that the
objects Mr. Hoar proposes have never in
any age of the world been attained, and as
long as human nature remains as it is they
never will be.
Mr. Hoar probably has ho hope that the
Senate will act on his resolution. When
ever all men and women shall reach such
a state as that they will be socially and
morally equal, and all .alike deserving ot
public bounty In the shape of pecuniary
rewards, the millennium will have arrived.
Until then men will be good and bad, in
dustrious and idle, some worthy Of for
tune's and their fellows' best recompense,
and others deserving of punishment" ana
disgrace. That is human nature, and no
human agency can change it.
Hebreivs In the Army.
St. Louis Republic.
It is intearesting to note that among
tho troops mustered into the service by
the British war office are several com
panies composed exclusively of Hebrews.
In Bombay there are two companies of
Hebrew soldiers, and the army register
shows that thousands of Hebrews have
enlisted In the British army in recent
years, most of them being now with the
army In South Africa,
c ' 1
The Editorial "We."
"Ma," said a newspaper man's son, "I
know why editors call themselves 'we.' "
"Why?" 4,So's the man that doesn't like
the article will think there are too many
people for him to tackle."
The Hot Springs of Arkansas.
Owned and controlled by U. S. government.
Elegant hotels, Arlington ahd Eafetman. Golf.
Address L. $. Hay. manager, for booklet.
First Assault on Geot-Tepe Resulea
-in Dl&aster to the Czar's Troops
" gkolrelefPs Campaign.
ASKHABAD, Transcaspla, July -9.-; The
Turkomans may have forgiven the severity
of their defeat when their country was
captured by the Russians,' but they are not
I permitted to forget it. That war was not
I so long ago that its memories ate dimmed
for the warriors In either army. The bama
Russians who were officers with Lomakln
and Sko'ooleff are the officers who com
mand in Transcaspla today, and the vvy
Turkomans who look haughtily at the cu
rious traveler along the railway were with
in the walls of Dengeel-Tepe when the
great fortress fell.
A hundred yards from the station plat
form at which the train halts at the little
town of Geok-Tepe stands the Russian
military museum, erected and maintained
to keep fresh In the minds of the van
quished the terrible fate of this fleece
people of the desert when they opposed
the coming of the northern power. Guard
ing its doorway stand "Some, of the fieH
artillery used by Skobeleff In the cam
paign which ended the war, and within Vire
gathered all sorts of relics of both armies.
But the real relic and museum Is the for
tress Itself, which overshadows the little
building where the trophies are gathdrrd.
Several campaigns in succession had
failed to subdue the Tekkin Turkomans of
the Akhal oases when Skobeleff was finally
put In command of an expedition which
was desired to be final. It would take too
long here to tell how it happened that the
Russians assumed any right to invade and
conquer Central Asia, but they were re
arranging the geography of the continent
and had found few obstacles of much dif
ficulty till they struck the Turkomans.
Russian histories are full of the accounts
of glorious victories over the savages of
the desert, and other histories ot the samo
conquest calL the same victories massacres,
with all the details of brutality and cruel
ty which the word Implies, so that there
Is a considerable discrepancy as to the
significance of the facts. The facts them
selves are but little In dispute. At any
rate, tha conquest ultimately reached the
point where Skobeleff was in command
and the Turkoman stronghold of Geok
Tepe was the only place of consequence
which was holding out.
Skobeleff had the Polish revolt, the Dan
ish war, the Khivan expeditions, cam
paigns In the Khdkand war and his fame
in the Russo-Turklsh war behind him. It
wa3 about the middle of 1BS0 when he
moved with his forces from the Caspian
sea into the desert Six months later,
after successive advances and withdraw
als, he had tome Into the local district
of Geok-Tepe, which since has given its
name to the fortress more correctly
I Known as Dengeel-Tepe, and was ready
to begin siege ahd assault Nearly the
whole of January was gone before tho
fortress was taken. It was the strongest
fortification in Central Asia, and was
garrisoned by 35,003 Turkomans, who
proved their ability as fighting men to the'
very end. The bombardment from Russian
artillery was almost constant, and Turko
man sorties were made dally, only to be
repulsed after hours of the most desper
ate hand-to-hand fighting.
Formidable as the citadel of the Turko
mans was, It was only a great rampart of
earth inclosing an area something more
than a mile square. Once the Russians
ran their parallels near enough, dynamite
made a breach, which was enlarged by
successive explosions. The final assault
was made on January 24, 188L It began
at 7 o'clock, and In four hours the south
west corner of the fdr tress, the one near
est the railway station of -today, wis car
ried. The work was completed by the ex
plosion of a mine containing two tons of
powder, and the Russians entered the
breaches In force, though kept at bay for
more than an hour by tne desperato fight
ing of the Tekkin. After a useless resist
ance the defenders fled from their strong
hold to make their way across the plain
a few miles to tho mountains on the Per
sian boundary, leaving 4000 dead behind
The Turkomans had the memory of an
other flight from that fortress to spur
them to speed. More than a year before
Lomakln had attacked Geok-Tepe with
out even a demand for surrender, and so
suddenly that the women and children had
not been ablesto leave the fortification.
In a lull in the fighting these noncom
batants, to the number of 5000 emerged
from the fort, with their belongings piled
on pack camels, heading to the mountains.
Lomakln directed Prince Galltzln, now
governor-general of the Caucasus, to take
his dragQons ahd Daghe3tan cavalry and
drive the fugitives back Into the fort. His
historical words were: "Let nono of them
escape." Galitzin executed, his order per
fectly. His cavalry rode down on the
One of Pittsburg's Most Estimable Business
Men Certifies to the Wonderful
, Efficacy of Cuticura. ""
I-was a sufferer for eight years from that most distressing of nil diseases,
Eczema. I tried some of the best physicians in the country, but they did me
little good. The palms of my hands -were cov
ered, and would become inflamed ; little -white
blisters at first would appear, then fhey would
peel off, leaving a red, smooth surface which
would burn like fire, and itch; well, there i3 no
name for it. On the inside of thje dipper part of
both my limbs, great red blotches; not unlike
hives, would appear, and as soon as I became
warm, the turning and itching would begin.
Night after night I wouldlie awake all night and
scratch and almost go wild X gqt a box of
Cuticura Ointment, a bottle of Ggcticura
WJ "Kesolvent, and cave theni a thOHUa 'trial,
and after a few applications! noticed tlie'recl-
ness and inflammation disappear; befor&Ihad
Used pne box there1 was. ifcxfc a Sign of Eczema left. I can truthfully assert
that 2.00 worth of Guticuka Remedies cured me. -
J. D. POETE, 423 4th. Ave., Pittsburg, Pa,
Complsto External and Internal Treatment fo? Every Hurnor,
consisting of CtrricoRA. Soap (25c.), to cleanse the skin of crusts and scales and soften
tho thickened cuticle, Cotjcura Ointment (GOc.), to allay itching, irritation, and Inflamma
tion, niuleootho and heal, and CnTicuKA.IU:sOLV2iT (50c.), to cool and cleanse the blood.
A slnglo set Is often suftscient to cure the most torturing, disfiguring skin and scalp hu-moi-sraslics,
itchlngs, and irritations, with loss of hair, especially of Infants and children,
when the best phyolciansand all other remedies fall. Sold throughout ihc world. POTTE&
DnuG JlSD Chem. Coar., Sole Props., Boston. " How to Curo Every Humor," free.
BAD COMPLEXIONS, pimples, blotches, bfacfcht&ds, rcdt roagb; oily eMn,
1 red .rongh hands with ahapdesa nails, dry, thin, and falling hair, nrithltchingv scaly,
K5sP.. irritated ScalDB. nrevented bv CimcunA IIedicikal axd Ton.rr Soap, the moat
V hi Aff(tli a aVtn trtft irir And Yar 1 1 f f r min 5 TV VtV TT rtvlrt tTTTrll Ad KirlVADf flf4
W QUCbillC DtklU UUiUYlUlj MUU. ucuuiiijiu dw v- iwiiufibi iw ui.ba tuj
T ' owoetcstfor toilet, bath, and nursery. Twosoaps comblBcdjla one at ono price, Soi
fleeing: women and children, turned them
hack Into -the walled inclosure. and the
bombardment continued. Great numbers
of these helpless ones were Wiled, and
the reports of the scene are shocking: in
the pitiless cruelty they relate.
Nest the Russian general ordered an as
sault on the walls. That was his fatality.
Spurred to the madness of desperation and
rage, Turkoman men and women side by
side foujrfit first with weaDons and then
with naked hands. Says one Russian wit- !
ness: "The party found Itself surrounded
by thousands of desperate Tekkes. Inspired
with a fanatical disregard of death, who
fell upon them like devils Incarnate, while i
the women, infuriated with the sights they
had seen, turned on tho Russians like ti
gresses, hurled stones at them and poured
boiling water over their heads. And so
what was left of the storming parties fled
from the aul with the Tekkes at their
That night the Tekkes, with 40C0 dead, of
whom one-half were women and children,
decided to surrender. They had repulsed
the assault, but they could not hope for
ultimate victory. So in the early morning
light four chiefs set out to the Russian
camp to offer unqualified submission. They
found tho place deserted and a cloud of
dust showed the Russian army retreating !
across the desert. Joyfully they hurried J
baclc to tne fortress and the Turkoman
annv was rallied for pursuit. That re
treat of the Russians was pne & the most
painful in all history, harassed as they
wero by an enemy which hung to their
flanks as long as possible for very weari
ness apd then left the sand and ,the sun
to complete the work of wrecking an
"When in the Skobeleff campaign the
Tekkin again began their flight to the
Persian mountains that great general or
dered pursuit by cavalry and Infantry,
both alike Instructed to give no quarter.
The infantry followed the fleeing multi
tude for seven miles and the cavalry for
11. All whe had not succeeded In escap
ing before that time men. women and
children were killed in flight. In Skobe
leff's' official report he stated that during
the pursuit, after the assault. S000 of both
sexes were killed, and he estimates tho
total number of Tekkes killed In the siege
Lord Curzon, in his report of the affair,
says that it was "not a rout but a massa
cre; not a defeat, but an extirpation."
The soldiers cut down tho fugitives wher
ever they found them, so many witnesses
of the chase relate, leaving the dead
upon the plain mown dotvn as with a i
scythe, men and women, children and in
fants, all dead, many frightfully muti
lated. After the pursuit the troops were
allowed to loot for four days, and It Is
estimated that booty to the amount of
$2,500,000 was found. This was the end ot
armed opposition to the benevolent assim
ilation of Turkomanla by the Russian em
pire. The earthwork at Geok-Tepe is crum
bling along the edges, but It i3 still Im
posing, and my climb along the walls to
the place where the great breach as
made by tho Russians left me with a defi
nite Impression of Its great size. Within
It Is quite deserted". Immediately after
the slaughter of the defenders a terrible
epidemic broke out. owing probably to
the condition of the field, where thousands
of bodies had to be burned, so the Rus
sian village of Geok-Tepe was moved a
little to the southward, nearer to the
mountains. .TRUMBULL. "WHITE.
WHAT WE DO.
Tabulation of tlie ITxiicmllturcH ot
Enersry Inrlnp: a Human 1.11c.
Ignorant or cultured, playfng- on the- min
er's vocabulary of 200 words cr on the unl
versity professor's thesaurus" of many
thousands, It appears that we let fall 11,
800,000 words between January and De
cember. Every year wa shake hands aboufc 1203
times, expending on the ceremony a force
sufficient to raise a locomotive weighing
80 tons. The raising of our eyelids fe ac
complished M.GCO.OOO times per year. and.
represents the consumption ot energy
capable of lifting a weight of 51 pounds.
Turning to the division of our time, it
Is found that a normal man living 70
years has spent no less than 21 years 3
mpnths and 15 days asleep, and 11 yearj
and 8 months at work. His recreation
has occupied exactly the same length o
time as his work.
He has passed 5 years and 10 months
In moving about, and about the same
space of time in tho operation of feeding.
His toilet has occupied 2 years and 11
months. Two years and 11 months also
pass In doing nothing, or In little things
that are not easily classed.
The surprise is the estimate that a man
passes exactly the same time in thinking
as in speaking 1 year and M months.
Which gives one a new Idea, ot the value
that ought to be attached to every man's
- ' '
A Xcvr aialady.
New York "Sun.
Mountain toothache is a new addition to
our bodily Ills. It has- attacked engineers
and laborers on the Jungfrau railroad at
a height of S500 feet above sea tevel aa
a jumping toothache that attacks- sev
eral teeth at a time, lasts seven or eight
days, and leaves tho patient with a swol
len face, which it takes another week to
reduce. After that the teeth are accli
matized and give no further trouble.
NO MORE DREAD OF THE DENIAL -CHAIR
Moose on the Aoranffl.
VANCOUVER, B. C, Jan. 5. Tho
steamer Aorangl sailed last night for Aus
tralia. She had on board 14 moose, in
charge of Chief Factor McDonald, of the
Hudson's Bay Company, and destined to
New Zealand for acclimatization there.
E IAFI Others FOLLOW. Patrons marvel at our immense operating
LLnil rooms and hfcauttful retention narlors. all fitted un with everv
modern appliance for the convenience of our patrons. We endeavor to make each
patient a friend, and consequently you will be treated fairly in every case. We do not work
free or palm you off with temporary work which you will have to continually go to the den
tists with year after year until you cu-e-disgusted, but guarantee your work to LAST TEN
YEARS with a protective guarantee. We do not advertise prices we cannot live up to.
AI IO HIP A nfM I ADTPDQ for the Pacmc Coast offices are In this city, corner Fourth and
UUI I lt-Lr!yIJ"l I ElPLC? 'Morrison. Although we'rnake -a specialty of treating the most
difficult operations in dentistry, we have-established complete departments in every other branch known to dental
science, in which we employ ony men of undoubted ability. AH of these have been selected for their errjmenVsRHl
In the department in which they are employed. ' r v "
Of gold which take the
place of plat.es are handled
in our office by specialists
who have had years of experience In all prominent
cities, and who are without equals anyvhere in the
world. These men make the most peautlful work
known in Ihls line of work, hot xhly beautiful, but
natural, durable, arid, mof eover, most "comfortable to
Pleased and grateful people are loud in their
praises of their work, and every day finds new pa
tients in our parlors, sent there by former patients,
who feel that they owe it a duty to their, friends to
send them to the very best place to have their work
done where they will receive the. best work. and. most
Aside from the specialists in bridge work, we have
specialists in plate work, -who are world-renowned,
men of superior intelligence, who have devoted their
wholeJiVes tothls work.
Have your teeth out In the morning and-"flo home
with new ones thesame day.
WE USE THE DOUBLE SUaiOl PLATES FOR FLAT SMITHS
DAfMi PQC Of tth is a fearuro
rriJ!lLLJJ oC o work m tha
hands of a. speclalliit
mornins. until night every day in tlsa year at
this cne branch, simply because his tame In
this line has gone abroad to such an extent that
people from far and near crowd the office to
hae their teeth extracted at the only placa
-where it to done absolutely -without patn.
His reputation comes from years of success
JJone are so successful aa those that are best
prepared and who devote their entire lives to
a given work; hence the su'eceso ot the well
known and justly world-renowned New Torlc
Set of Teeth. ?5.00
Goll Killlner $1.00
Best Teeth, S. S. TV. ?S.OO
Gold Cronrn 93.00
Sliver Filllnsr 0:50
LADY ALWAYS IN ATTENDANCE
HOURS, 8 TO 8; SUNDAYS 10 TO 4
Fourth and Morrison