Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
iff w ( r " Zm " !rmK wfm
VOL. , XXXIX. NO. 12,191.
POKTJ,AND, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 5, 1900. TWELVE PAGES.
PKIOE FIVE CENT&
SHOVEL AND PICK
shelling of the Boer trenches on the plain
this morning forced the burghers to shift
their position, after their horses had
OXWAS NOT SHAKEN
SS 60 from Boston to Colorado common
points; $26 60 from Boston to California
common points, and $33 70 from Boston to
Pacific coast points. The contest all day
today centered on the refusal of the dif
ferential Unes out of Boston to abandon
tho authorized schedule. Without reach
ing any practical result, the conference
adjourned to meet at 10 A. M. Monday
next at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria, New
TO COMBAT THE PLAGUE.
A Dash From Ladysmith. '
HOOFD LAAGER, Ladysmith, Jan. 2.
Six horsemen made a dash from Lady
smlth a few nights ago, and, though pur
sued, they escaped. It is believed the
party Included Colonel Rhodes, brother of
.Cecil Rhodes, and Dr. Jameson.
A delightfully palatable table water, a fine mixer with wines and liquors,
and an aid to digestion. Call for It at any of the leading hotels, clubs, bars
THE TRADE SUPPLIED BY
ROTHCHILD BROS., ggSl22k2jl& PORTLAND, OREGON
Boers Working Incessantly, at
So Democrats Have a Majority
in Kentucky Committees.
Little Likelihood of the Senate
Adopting a Silver Amendment
FLANK ATTACKS BECOME DIFFICULT
WILL BEGIN THE HEARING TODAY
LOW BOND FEATURE OPPOSED
I J LEU IICI
PHIL SEETSCHAX. Pre.
SRim AND WASHINGTON
JlMCDIDlN-ltNn niDnPPIlN MAN.
In Bulk and Coses. For sale by
BLUMAUER-FRANK DRUG CO.,
We are prepared to fill all orders promptly. Enquiries
solicited. Samples furnished to the trade on application.
C0RBITT & MACLEAY CO. J0BBERSANDF Jff&C0FFEES
COST ONE. MILLION DOLLARS
ffEUJQUARTERS FOR TOURISTS AND COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS
Special rotes made to families an a single gentlemen. The manure
est tv III be pleased at all times to shovr rooms and give price's. A mod.
Tarlclsh bath establishment 1a the hotel H. C. BOWERS. Manager.
Library Association of Portland
I 24,000 volumes and
J $5.00 a year or $150
Two" books allowed
HOURS From 9.00 A. 1 to 9:00 P.
Vladimir Be Pachmann
(Copy of letter .from the great
The Aeolian Company
Gentlemen Your new and -wonderful
musical instrument, the Aeo
lian, is well entitled not alone to
exdtte the surprise but to claim the
attention and admiration of every
one; interested in music, the pro
fessional as well as the layman. It
Is evident how quickly the man or
woman of fine musical taste, but
entirely without technical educa
tion, may acquire on it the abllitv
to become familiar with and enjoy
most of the finer musical classics.
Italso provides great possibilities
for ahe study of tone and chord
combinations for the professional.
Thegeneral use of this Instrument,
in my opinion, will Increase the
comprehension and love of the
highest grade of music
VXADDittR DE PACHMANN,
E7"Note Anyone who doubts this
Indorsement can ask He Pachmann
himself. He plays at the Marquam
next Monday night.
corner Seventh St.
WORKING FOR ALASKA.
Brady Enlists the Help of Neiv York
Gfeaxnber of Commerce.
NEW YORK. Jan. 4, At the regular
monthly meeting of the chamber of com
merce today, Governor John G. Brady, pf
Alaska, briefly addressed the members on
the need of certain legislation affecting
that district He was given the privilege
of the floor after the presentation of a
resolution petitioning congress to provide
more courts and "enact needed legislation
for Alaska." The resolution was referred
to the committee on Internal trade, to
prepare a. suitable memorial to congress
to assist the governor. Governor Brady
has lived in Alaska 22 years.
"Wholesale Milliner Assigns.
NEW YORK, Jan. 4. Charles Beers,
surviving partner of the firm of F. Blen
ch! & Co., wholesale dealers In millinery
goods, at 657 Broadway, today made an
-1 n t
Dally Treasury Statement.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. Today's state
ment of the condition of the treasury
Available cash "balance .....'.....$251,365,026
Gold reserve 23G,7G7,329
C. W. KNOWLES. Max.
STS., FOnUTO. 03E1D1
.51.00, $1.B0. $2.09
.$2.00, $2.50. 53.00
88 Third St.
Crp. Chamber of Coounerce
f&OO PER "DAY-
trtween Sevccla tat fift
over 200 periodicals
on all subscriptions
M. dally, except Sundays and holiday.
TALK No. 236.
Putting It Off.
Every day I hear people say that
they have needed glasses for some
time, but have simply been putting
It off. Did you ever stop Co think
what putting It off really means?
It means that the eyes are becom
ing worse every day. It 'means that
the longer you do without glasses
the harder It will be to benefit your
eyes. It means that when you are
compelled to have glasses you will
have to wear them all the time in
stead of just for reading and sew
ing. It means that you ivill have
to change glasses every seven or
eight months as long as you live
instead of every two or three years.
That one or the other of your eyes
may entirely lose Its usefulness
from neglect. That you are In dan
ger every day of causing a cata
ract You can afford to put off
anything else better than you can
afford to put off wearing glasses
when you need them. See me about
11 SIXTH STREET
LITTLE HOPE FOR REED.
Second Operation Performed on the
PHILADELPHIATjan. 4-The friends
of Roland Reed in this city were advised
today that Dr. Bull had performed a sec
ond operation upon the comedianlnNew
York. The first operation, performed
about a week ago, was supposed1 to have
been made necessary by an attack -Of ap
pendicitis. When the wound was ex
plored, however, the surgeons discovered
that Mr. Reed was suffering from an ad
vanced attack of Intestinal cancpr "MV
Reed was too weak to stand a radical
operation at that time, and a delay .was
agreed upon. The radical operation was
performed today, and from Its nature lit
tle hope is held out for his recovery.
THE "OPEN DOOR."
Italy Responds Favorably to the
State Department's Note.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. Italy has re
turned favorable response to the recent
note of the" state department respecting
the "open door" in China. Italy was 'the
last of the great powers remaining to be
Battle ob the Tugrela River Is Ex
pected Next Week Extent -of
the Dutch Rising. ,
LONDON, Jan. 5,51 -M. This morn
ing's news throws no further light upon
the war situation. The exact position at
Molteno and Cyphergat Is not yet clear
but in any case these little engagements
are of small importance beyond proving
that the British farces are beginning to
attain a great degree of mobility.
It is fully expected that next week will
see a heavy battle on the Tugela river,
which is now the Teal pivot of the cam
paign. The Boers appear to be working inces
santly with shovel and pick. Lord Me
thuen's cavalry scouting has developed
the fact that the Boer lntrenchments ex
tend some 40 miles, far overlapping the
British positions and making flank at
tacks exceedingly difficult. Military crit
ics affirm that the Boer trenches con
fronting General Buller stretch away
some 17 miles, and that work upon them
Is pushed unremittingly.
While the advance is delayed, flank
movements are rendered most difficult be
cause long marches are not done with
celerity, and it Is hard to time an attack
.The exfent of the Dutch risings may
now be measured by taking a line from
Prleska, on the west, to Herschel or
Barkly, on the east Along the whole of
this line, -except at points actually occu
pied by the British, the population seems
for the most part hostile.
New redoubts are being built at Klm
berley, and 17 miles of works now en
compass the town.
The admiralty programme embraces the
stationing of small squadrons at Durban,
Simons bay, Port Elizabeth, Lorenzo
Marquez, St. Vincent, in the' Cape Verde
islands, ahd Cape Town, and sending an
additional shfp or two to Aden.
It is announced that Great Britain's
agents and detectives are secretly watch
ing all Italian ports.
It now appears that it is John Churchill,
second son of Lady Randolph Churchill,
and not Winston Churchill, who has been
given commadn of a squadron of the
South African light horse.
Lord Rosslyn ' has thrown up his en
gagement at the Court theater in order
to join the yeomanry. The offer of Lord
Iveagh to provide at his own expense a
completely equipped hospital for use in
South Africa has been accepted.
The war office has invited Sir William
Thompson to accept th'e post of chief sur
geon to the .forces in South Africa, in
stead of consulting surgeon.
PITCHER FALLS BACK.
Was Unable to Occupy Douglas Per
. ,. j, . manently. . v
BELMONT,, Jan. 4. Colonel Pitcher, it
is x officially announced, being only on a
raiding expedition, and for military rea
sons being unable to occupy Douglas per
manently, has evacuated the town, bring
ing off all the loyalists. He has now re
turned safely to a close proximity to Bel
mont When he announced the necessity
of evacuating the place, the Inhabitants
declared their lives were not safe five
minutes after the troops left. Pitcher,
therefore, invited them to accompany him
The vehicles of the town were totally
inadequate to convey the refugees, so the
troops gave up the transport wagons to
the women and children. The Canadians,
acting as an escort of the refugees, car
ried babies for women, and kept every
body lively by singing as they marched
along, in spite of the sore feet occa
sioned by the heavy sand, which made
marching extremely tiring.
The force received Buller's congratula
tions on the success of the expedition
with great satisfaction.
Fljrhtins at Coleskop.
RENSBERG, Jan. 4. The casualties of
General French's force up to the after
noon of January 3 were five men killed
and 24 wounded.
A detachment of 25 New Zealanders had
a narrow escape. While advancing on
Colesburg, they were directed to occupy
a kopje, but met with -vl hot reception
from a concealed Boer force. Another
body of British troops, seeing their dan
ger, doubled to the rescue o the New
Zealanders, and theJr retreaf was suc
cessfully accomplished under the cover of
the guns on the hills westward.
Coleskop is now the principal scene of
the fighting. The destruction of the
wrecked train includes 22,000 rations and
a supply of rum.
Reinforcements Sent to French.
ORANGE RIVER, Jan. 3. There was a
small skirmish near Belmont this morn
ing. Tho British fired a few shells, but
the Boers did not respond.
Reinforcements of infantry and artillery
have been dispatched to General French
from De Aar.
OPERATIONS IN NATAL.
British Artillery Divert Boers' Atten
tion From Troop Movements.
BOER CAMP, Colenso, Jan. 2. The
British naval guns at Cheveley camp con
tinue their Ineffective lbng-range firing
night and day, in order to divert Boer
attention from the movements of troops.
Federal scouts yesterday penetrated into
the British camp; when returning, the
British pickets discovered them . and
wounded one Boer., General Lucas Meyer
resumes command" of the division here.
General Joubert denies he has ever pro
tested against the use of lyddite, fie
avers that, up to the present, he has not
lost a single man froni lyddite. -
Scouting: From Ladysmlth.
HOOFD LAAGER, Ladysmith, Jan. 1.
The garrison of Ladysmith during the
night threw out feelers on all sides, ex
changing shots 'with the Boer pickets.
At midnight a couple of shells fell into
the Boer camp, killing a burgher.
General Joubert preached in Camp Sun
day. The Rev. Mr Mofring, who has
just arrived here from America, addressed
the burghers this afternoon, dwelling" on
the expiring century witnessing the life
struggle of a people. m
This morning, shells loaded with con
fectionery and containing the season's
greetings, were sentNinto Lafdysmith. Fed
eral shells are selling ,ln Ladysmith at
from 30 shillings to 5.
Paris Bourse Rumor.
PARIS, Jan. 4. A report wag current in
thef bourse today that Buller had met
with another check in "his efforts to re
Boer Trenches Shelled.
FRERE1 CAMP, Janrf. A vigorous
FRENCH HOLDING HIS OWN.
War Office Report of the Situation. In
LONDON, Jan. 4. There is great satis
faction here at the news that De Aar
has been able to send General French the
reinforcements of guns and Infantry, of
which he" appears to be so much in need.
The latest telegrams say General French
has almost surrounded Colesburg, the
Boers stiffly defending all their positions
close to the town.
Further details of the fighting between
General Gafacre and Boers at Cyphergat
today show that 3000 Boers with artillery
attacked the British outposts between
Cyphergat and Molteno, General Gatacre,
with mounted troops and field artillery,
moved out in front of Sterkstrom and
found the Boers strongly posted at Coop
ersburg, whence they were quickly dis
lodged, the Boers fleeing in the direction
of Stormberg. The Boers used Brltisu
guns captured December 10, and shot well,
but the British kept under cover, and
there were no casualties on their side.
The war office has received a report from
Cape Town, dated January 3, reporting tho
situation in Gatacre's district. It said:
"Dordrecht is now evacuated by Mont
morency, who occupied Bird's siding, on
the Indwe line. Molteno 13 being attacked
today by the enemy, who more or less
surround the station, but who, according
to reports, are being forced back. JReln
forcements of mounted infantry and field
artillery have been sent by Gatacre. The
result Is not known. A company of
mounted infantry, under Alderson, has
reconnoltered to Prleska, and exchanged
shots with a rebel force on tho north bank.
'No movement of Generals Methuen or
French is reported."
Although dispatches under yesterday
evening's date are. arriving from both Bul
ler and Methuen's headquarters, they con-,
tain little of Importance. Shells continue
to be exchanged, and the patrols are busy.
Otherwise there is little to enlighten tho
General Cronje was reported to have
been considerably disturbed at the first
reports of the success of Colonel Pitcher's
expedition, and sent 400 burghers to help
Douglas. The British at Modder River
hope 'to capture this force. An interesting
fact is that Pitcher's wife Is a sister of
Maud Gonne, the so-called "Irish Joan
The famous tennis-player, W. W. Eastes,
and the old Oxford athlete, C. B. Fry,
are joining the British forces in South
The departure of the Seventh division of
the British army for South Africa com
menced this morning.
The American hospital-ship Maine ar
rived at Las Palmasr Canary Islands, yes
terday, and reports all well on board.
Reports come from Berlin that Great
Britain's reply to the German represen
tations on the subject of the Bundesrath
is regarded as unsatisfactory and procras
Traction engines have arrlve'dar' Frerd
and have been successfully tested. They
pulled trucks over the roughest and most
sandy ground without difficulty.
The enrollment of the second contingent
of the London Imperial volunteers today
was the occasion for a scene of popular
interest and enthusiasm. The approaches
to the Guildhall were thronged with rep
resentatives of all classes, everybody
cheering and the bands playing lively
music. The scene at the Guildhall was
highly picturesque and impressive.
It opened with a civic procession, with
the lord mayor, sheriffs, aldermen in their
robes of office, headed hy the sword and
mace-bearers. The contingents comprised
the Honorable artillery company and de
tachments from the other volunteers.
After making a speech, the lord mayor
read the following extract from a letter
written by the queen's private secretary,
Sir Arthur Bigge:
"I have to assure you how much the
queen values the corps which has been
so patriotically raised by the city of Lon
don for service In South Africa."
Each detachment was sworn In separ
ately, every man "kissing the Book" and
receiving the queen's shilling from the
hands of the lord mayor.
BRUSH WITH KAFFIRS.
Large Band Attacked a Boer Laager,
but Was Dispersed.
PRETORIA, Jan. 2 Since starting, the
mint here has coined 140,000 sovereigns.
The machinery Is now In full swing.
Vanzenberg reports from Derdepoort that
the Kaffir stations have been destroyed
and the inhabitants are fleeing. Chief
Lynchwe, with C000 Kaffirs, attacked the
Boers' laager, but the natives were dis
persed. A representative of the Associated Press,
"who has been in Johannesburg for three
days, says the utmost order prevails there.
Lootjng is exceptional, and, where dis
' covered, Is heavily punished. The sanitary
condition Is perfect, and sickness Is rare.
About 12G0 British subjects are still in the
Steyn's Latest Proclamation.
CAPE TOWN, Jan. 3. Intelligence has
been received here from the Free State
to the effect that President Steyn has
Issued a proclamation declaring that
every white man, irrespective of nation
ality, is to be considered-a burgher, and is
liable to be compelled to fight for the de
fense of the country.
Strange Disease Robbing- Him of Hlh
NEWBURGH. N. Y., Jan. 4. The Rev.
Dr. Edward W. McGlynn, pastor of St,
Mary's Roman Catholic church, in this
city, is still confined to his room by ill
ness, and his condition is such as to
cause alarm among his large circle of
acquaintances. Six weeks ago he was
taken ill, but there Tvas every sign of an
early recovery, and the physicians said
he would be himself in 10 days. But he
continued to lose flesh and strength dally.
His once tall and robust frame 13 now
emaciated, and he Is scarcely recognizable
eyen by close friends.
It has just become public that he has
a mysterious growth on the right hip,
and its appearance has baffled his phy
sicians. It is eating its way in his sys
tem and robbing him of his vitality and
strength. The doctors say he Is not in
a condition to undergo an operation, as
the strain on his present weak system
would undoubtedly prove fatal. Dr. Mc
Glynn Is 68 years old, and has always
been active and enjoyed the best of health
until his presen't illness. Only clerical
friends are allowed to see him. Every
day. the parsonage is besieged by mem
bers of his congregation, inquiring as to
tne conamon 01 tneir pastor.
Dr. 'McGlynn, although weak physical
ly, Is strong in mind and spirit He jokes
with his callers and converses with his
usual keenness and Intelligence.
Ballot for United States Senator Will
Be Taken Tuesday The Brib
FRANKFORT, Ky., Jan. 4. The joint
legislative committees which, will sit in
the contests for governor and lieutenant-governor-were
drawn by lot, as provided
by law, today. A lucky star presided
over the destinies of the democrats, as
the drawing resulted In giving them 10
out of the 11 members of the committee on
the governor's contest, and nine out of 11
on the lieutenant-governor's contest x
The committee to hear the governor
ship contest Is as follows: Senators Fraz
ier, Allen and Crenshaw, and Representa
tives Hickman, Berry, Finn, Rennlck,
Sledge, Lyon and Barton, all democrats,
and Yarberry, republican.
In the lieutenant-governor contest tlje
names drawn werei Senators Barrel!,
Coleman and Watson, and Representa
tives Crawford, Alexander, Baird, Bell,
Holland and Sharp, democrats, and Rep
resentatives Reed and Lilly, republicans.
The house members of these two com
mittees were sworn in tonight, and It i3
probable that the joint committees will
organize and get down to work taking
In the drawing for the formation of the
committees that will hear the legislature
contests, the result was somewhat more
evenly divided. In the case of the two
senatorial contests, the republicans got
only one member out of nine on each
committee, but in the house they got ma
jorities in- 10 out of the 18 committees
which will try the contests.
The, senate completed its drawing at tho
morning session and the only incident con
nected with it was when Senator Howard,
republican, objected to Senator Goebel's
name being placed in the box. Senator
Goebel rose from his desk and said:
"Under the law the names of all sena
tors must be placed in the- box, but I beg
to assure the senator that if my name
should be drawn out, I, of course, will not
The house was occupied till late in the
evening with the drawing of he legis
lative committees, and there was nothing
noteworthy in the proceedings until after
the governorship committee had been an
nounced, and just before the drawing for
the committee on the lieutenant-governor's
contest Representative Haswell,
leader of the republican minority, charged
Chief Clerk Leigh with manipulating the
'ballots so as to give the democrats the
advantage. Haswell and Representative
Berry, representing the republicans, stood
at the clerk's desk as the names of the
members were placed in the box, and
when the last name was placed in it Has
well walked to his seat and addressed the
house, charging that Leigh had, In placing
the names 4n the box, systematlcauy
thrdivn'the names of the democratic mem-
bers on the right side of the box, and
likewise had thrown the names of tne
republicans to the left He said he did
not know how it happened that the demo
crats got such a majority on the gover
nor's contest drawn a few minutes before,
but he did know how the ballots had
been put in the box for the drawing now
on, and he asked that the clerk at least
be required to shake the box thoroughly
so as to mix the names, as contemplated
Speaker Trimble Invited Haswell or any
other republican member to shake the
box, but they declined to do this, saying
this was the duty of the clerk. Berry
(rep.) asked the speaker to allow members
to inspect the box. in order to verify the
charges made by Haswell, but Mr. Cant
rlll (dem.) said the charges were serious
and that as long as they had waited till
the drawing was practically complete, he
thought they should be compelled to file
them in the proper way, and not merely
verbally and personally, as they were do
Speaker Trimble finally ordered the box
thoroughly shaken, and this was done,
with the result that six democratic and
two republican names were drawn out.
It Is unofficially announced that the
Franklin county grand jury has found in
dictments against Colonel John H. Whal
len and Charles Ryan, who it Is alleged
attempted to bribe Senator Harrell in
the governorship contest. The indict
ments are based on conspiracy, and wl'l
be similar to those returned against W.
G. Hunter, John H. Whallen, E. T.
Franks and others In the Hunter alleged
bribery cases growing out of the Hunter
Blackburn senatorial contest in 1897. The
safety deposit box, which Harrell desig
nated as holding the money, was turned
over to tho grand jury today, and was
found to, contain four $1000 bills and five
$100 bills. The money was sealed up In
a plain white envelope, without writing.
This in part corroborates Han-ell's story.
The democratic leaders ,in the legislature
decided tonight to take the ballot for
United States senator next Tuesday. As
If seems settled in advance that Black
burn will receive a, majority in each
house, a joint ballot will probably not
be necessary. There Is a question as to
whether the ballot should be taken next
Tuesday or Tuesday week. Blackburn's
friends decided, as a matter of caution,
to have a ballot on both days, so there
may be no quibble over the legality of this
election. It has been understood all along
that a ballot would not be taken until one
week from next Tuesday.
Sullivan Nominated for Senator.
JACKSON, Miss., Jan. 4. The joint
democratic caucus of the Mississippi leg
islature tonight nominated Senator W. V.
Sullivan as the United States senator to
fill the short term of one year, ending
March 4, 190L
Governor Crane Inaugurated.
BOSTON, Jan. 4. W. Murray Crane wa3
today Inaugurated as governor of Massa
chusetts. TO PATCH UP RATES.
Object of a Conference of Passenger
Men at Boston.
BOSTON, Jan. 4. Twenty or more rail
road lines, east and west, were repre
sented In the conference of passenger
agents In this city today at the office of
the New England Passenger Association.
Included in the gathering were represent
atives from the Canadian Pacific. Atchi
son, Chicago & Northwestern, Chicago,
Rock Island & Pacific, Great Northern,
Southern Pacific, Union Pacific, Central
Pacific and trunk lines.
The long-standing trouble over railroad
rates was the question which the confer
ence had been called to discuss. For
months the so-called standard and differ
ential lines have been cutting rates to the
TVest and points on the Pacific slope.
The New England Passenger Association
has been the last one to cut rates.
The cut rates are via Montreal, and are
Marine Hospital Service Will Have
Chnrge of Philippine Quarantine.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. Prompt meas
ures are being taken by the officials here
to deal with the bubonic plague In the
Philippines and to prevent its introduc
tion Into the United States. An executive
order will be Issued tomorrow by the war
department, placing the quarantine service
of the Philippines in charge of the marine
hospital service, and officers to manage
that work will (be detailed by the sec
retary of tho treasury. A special set of
Instructions, designed to prevent the Intro
duction of the disease on the Pacific coast,
are also in preparation and will be issued
soon. Passed Assistant Surgeon Parry, ot
the marine hospital service, has been de
tailed lay Dr. Wyman to have charge tem
porarily of the quarantine service at Manila.
THE PLAGUE AT MANILA.
SV ',. ". -;.
Eptdemlc.First Broke Out In Neigh
VICTORIA, B. C, Jan. 4. The Manila
Times, just received here, states that "It
has been learned from various authentic
sources that In many of our closely
neighboring towns a serious epidemic, bor
dering on plague, Is raging. The towns
principally affected are Guadelupe, Man
datogana, Pineda and Malabon, besides a
number of other towns. The cause Is said
to te due to eating the flesh of animals
which have died from disease. Whatever
the cause, there Is little doubt that a spe
cies of plague exists, which In mo3t cases
proves fatal. It Is said that the disease
carries oft Its victim within 38 hours
from its attack, and in these cpuntry
towns medical aid or supplies are not to
be had readily, and then only in a lImltHl
way. Not only this, but burial of the
corpses of those who have died from thi3
disease Is carelessly conducted, and abso
lutely no precautions are taken. Natives
do not understand the care which should
be taken, but rely too much on their faith
It has been decided, at the instance of
the Russian minister of finance, to dis
patch a sanitary corps of doctors and Sls
tera of Mercy to Manchuria to combat the
plague which rs broken out among the
Chinese laborers on the Manchurlan rail
way. LEAHY'S RULI3 IN GUAM.
Recent Orders Xor the Improve
ment of the Natives Morals.
BALTIMORE, Jan. 4. Captain Peter
Leary, U. S. A., stationed at Fort Mc
Henry, has received a letter from his
brother, Captain Richard P. Leary, gov
ernor of Guam, in the Ladrone Islands,
which contained a number of interesting
documents pertaining to the affairs of
the new possessions of the United States.
The first Thanksgiving proclamation ever
seen by the inhabitants of the island wa3
issued by Governor Leary.
Governor Leary has already caused
slavery to be abolished In the Islands,
compelled a number of friars to leave tho
place, and has amended the marriage
laws in regard to polygamy. One of his
recent orders states that it is prohibited
to import or sell intoxicating liquors In
the islands, except by a special licenso
Issued by this government and that vio
lation of the order will be punished by
a fine of ?100 or imprisonment for 30 days
or by both. For a second offense all of
the offender's goods may be confiscated.
"Drunkenness," says the order, "Is the
chief source of all crime and trouble In
this Island and shall cease." A second
"For the protection of government inter
ests and as a safeguard against the
machinations, devices and schemes of
speculators and adventurers, it Is hereby
ordered that all persons who claim own
ership of land In this island, or its de
pendencies, are prohibited from selling
or transferring any portion of such prop
erty without first obtaining the consent
of the government Violation of this or
der may be punished by fine or impris
onment or both,"
Captain Leary states that he Is making
every effort to teach the natives to be
self-supporting. An order Issued to fur
ther this idea follows:
"Until otherwise ordered, the exporta
tion of hogs, cattic, fowl, rice, eggs,
corn and' sweet potatoes fromthls Island
is hereby forbidden. Articles of food
may be delivered to vessels In sufficient
quantities for the subsistence of those on
board during their stay In port and their
passage to the next port of destination.
The delivery of such articles of food to
ships is prohibited without a government
In consequence of the liability of riots,
the following order was Issued:;
"Public celebrations of the feast days of
the patron saints of villages will not be
permitted. The church and its members
may celebrate their feast days within the
walls of the church, chapel or private
residences in accordance with the regula
tions for the maintenance of public peace,
and unless otherwise ordered the only
public holidays recognized will be Sunday
and the holidays authorized by the United
States statute laws and by proclamations
of his excellency, the president of the
0 1 .
Thrilling Experience of Passengers
on the Chicago & Great Western.
CHICAGO, Jan. 4. A special to the
Chronicle from Galena, IH.,ayst
Travelers on a Chicago & Great Western
passenger train had a thrilling ride and a
narrow escape from death at Galena
Junction today. To avoid death, the en
gineer and fireman of the passenger train
jumped just as their engine crashed Into
the rear of a disabled freight train stand
ing in a long tunnel. So great was the
force of the collision that the passenger
engine bounded back, and before the
engineer or fireman could climb aboard
the engine the train was going down a
steep grade at tha mouth of the tunnel.
The conductor was unable to -use the air,
and the train had run a mile, and was
within a hundred feet of a stationary
freight train when stopped. Many of the
passengers jumped, while others soughx
safety in the front coaches. The wrecked
cars and the caboose in the tunnel caught
fire and were destroyed. The engineer
and fireman of the, passenger train were
Saturday's Gold Shipment.
NEW YORK, Jan.- 4. Two million dol
lars in gold will be taken from the clearing-house
tomorow by banks In this city.
Arrangements to that effect weremade
today, and, unless additional orders are
received tomorrow, It is believed $2,000,000
will represent the amount of next Satur
day's gold shipment.
Culberson Candidate for Democratlo
National Committee Chairmanship
Oregon City's Public Building.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. Any attempt to
figure out a majority In the senate to pass.
any kind of bimetallic amendment shows
that If all the silver democrats should vote
for It, there would be but 36, while If Car
ter, Shoup, Clark. Pritchard and Warren
should also vote for an amendment simi
lar to that offered by Chandler yester
day, there would still be three votes lack
ing for a majority. Some of the silver
republicans, however, have hopes that
Hansbrough and McCumber, of North Da
kota; Thurston of Nebraska, and Baker
of Kansas will vote for a bimetallic
amendment which will give the regular
republicans from the .silver states aorao
show. But the difficulty seems to be that
no one can count on democratic action to
save these republicans from facing a fair
and square gold-standard vote.
A feature of the present financial bill
which caused a great deal of trouble and
objection on the republican side is the
provision for 2 per cent bonds. Some of
the republicans think that this ia alto
gether too low a rate of interest, and
that 3 per cent would be low enough.
They assert that England's 3" pen cent
consols show that as strong & nation as
she is cannot keep such glltedge obliga
tions at par, and there would be danger
of 2 per cent bonds going below par,
which would endanger the credit of the
country. While the republicans will no
doubt vote for this bill If tho republican
members of the finance committee do not
authorize an amendment, there will bo
some criticism of this feature.
Chairman Jones Successor.
Senator Culberson, of Texas, is being
pushed by certain of his friends for chair
man of the democratic national commit
tee in place of Jones of Arkansas. There
is a good deal of dissatisfaction in some
quarters on account of tho way Jones has
been managing the party, and Culberson a
successful political experience In Texaa
-has marked him as a man who might bo
good In national affairs. Stone of Mis
souri is also a candidate for the chairman
ship. While some fault I3 found with
Jones, It is pretty well understood that
his health will prevent him. from carrying
on the campaign this year.
Public Building nt Oregon City.
Representative Tongue today Introduced
a bill appropriating 560,000 for the con
struction of a public building at Oregon
City for the use of the post and land
offices. He realizes that there is little
hope of passing this bill this session, but
will urge It strongly In the next session,
in case It has to zn over.
Oregon Land Bills.
The, public land committee, of which Rtp.
resentative Moody Is a. member, will b9
organized tomorrow. As soon as that
committee gets down to business, Mr
Moody will attempt to secure favorabla
reports on bills of a local Interest to Ore
gon that have been referred there for re
port Senator McBrlde today favorably re
ported his bill extending the privilege of
Immediate transportation of dutlablo
goods to the port of Astoria. This bill
is more strongly recommended this year
than before, and will probably pass.
Senator McBrlde introduced a. bill to pay
the Kathlamet and Chinook Indians for
certain land3 in their original reservation,
which have been absorbed by the govern
ment under an unratified treaty and for
which; the Indians have never been paid.
Washington Judicial Districts.
Congressman Cushman will urge con
gressional action for the division of Wash
ington Into two Judicial districts, to bo
divided east and west; Spokane and King
counties to be among those In the north
ern district and Pierce and Walla Walla
to be among those of the southern dis
trict Congressman Jones had already in
troduced a bill for a division along the
Cushman will introduce a join resolu
tion favoring a constitutional amendment
for the election of senators by the people;
also for a survey and estimates of tha
cost of dredging Gray's harbor, near Aber
deen and Hoqulam. and a bill for a frea
portage railway nt The Dalles.
EFFECT OF DRAINAGE CANAL
Clear Water In Chicago River At
the Controlling AVorks.
CHICAGO, Jan. 4. The clear waters ot
Lake Michigan have Invaded the Chicago
river as far as Harrison-street bridge, in
the south branch. At sunset last night
the water had taken on a clearer tinge as
far south as Twelfth-street bridge. Twelfth
street Is almost two miles from the mouth
of the river. At Wells street, about half
a mile from the river'3 mouth, it was bet
ter than it usually Is 200 yards west of
the lifesaving station.
Even the south fork of the south branch,
known as the stockyards branch, shared
in the benefits of the opening of the drain
ago canal. A slight current was notice
able at Archer-avenue bridge, due to tho
lowering of the river and to the city
pumps at Bridgeport The flume of the col
lateral channel at Kedzie avenue was do
ing Its full work all day, and 60,000 cubic
feet of water poured into the drainage
canal every minute. This draft on tne
river was augmented by an additional 30.
000 cubic feet a minute the Bridgeport
pumps were turning into the old canal.
The rate at which the water is rising
In the Windage basin at the controlling
works at Lockport Indicates that a week
will elapse before the level of the miter sill
will be reached. The flume at Kedzie
avonue was the objective point for a largo
number of sightseers wbo tramped across
the prairie during the day to see the ca
nal flooded. Wpmen were out In largo
numbers, and carriages found their way
over the frozen ruts and hummocks. Many
visitors went to Lockport to see the ap
proach of the water. One party Included
Norman Fay, Mrs. Emmons Blaino aad
Mrs. C. H. McCormick.
By the end of the week, the drainago
officials expect to be able to show in the
Chicago river a body of water which will
compare favorably with tho Desplainea
river below Jollet When the residents ot
the Illinois and Mississippi valleys aro
convinced that with the full capacity of
the canal In use, the water turned down
through the valleys will be better than at
present, it Is thought that the antagonism
to the canal will disappear.
Sawmill Boiler Exploded.
CINCINNATI, Jan. 4. A boiler In the
sawmill of Charles Stout, eight mites east
of here, exploded and killed three em
ployes and Injured the owner this morn
ing. Mr. Stout's head was crushed, and
1 he will probably die.