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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XXXIX. 3ST0. 12,193.
POETLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, JANUARY 8, 1900. TWELVE PAGES.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Agents for Oregon, "Washington and Idaho.
( PHIL METSCHAN. Pre.
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Special rates made to families an d single gentlemen. .Tho lassnee
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m Torlclsh fcntn establishment In the hotel. H. C. BOWERS, Mncncer.
This Week's Special
Women's Storm Calf Lace. $3.00
Women's Kid Lace, coin toe, $3
AH Shoes at Cut Prices During January,
INTO AN OPEN SWITCH.
Several Persons Injured Man Previ-
ously Ejected Vowed Vengeance. j
MOUNT CLEMENS. Mich.. Jan. 7. Car
N. 71, of the Rapid Railway, Detroit &
Mount Clemens line, ran into an open
svi.lch at a gravel pit four miles south of
this city, this evening. Several persons
Wfre badly injured. Among them are:
Mrs. Carrie Riley, of Detroit, badlly hurt;
Mrs. Ed Shaabma.nl, broken arm and dis
located shoulder; Frank Newey, broken
arm and dislocated shoulder. Several
ethers were more or less injured.
The same crew that had charge of this
car earlier in the evening had ejected a
man from their car, and he left vowing
vengeance. As another car passed down
safely six minutes before the accident. It
is supposed some one maliciously opened
the switch, and suspicion points to the
man who was ejected.
Resolutions of National Dredge 3Ien.
HICAGO. Jan. 7. The national conven- !
Jon of steam shovel and dredge engineers '
and cranemen ended today. Resolutions
wre adopted urging congress to Improve
o waterways of the country; to take
ar'ive measures toward the construction of
the Nicaragua canal and favoring the gov
ernment construction of a deep waterway
from Chicago to the Gulf of Mexico, and
the building of a channel from the Atlantic
oc an to the Great Lakes. Charles Rees,
cf Cliicago. was elected, president. O. W.
Yandergrif t, of Bannock, Mont, was made i
a, member of t-ie board of directors. j
C W. KNOWLES, MCT.
STS., P03TUW. 0RE531!
J. G. Mack & Co.
88 Third St.
trp. Chamber of Commerc:
$3.00 PER DAY
TALK No. 238.
A good many cases of sore eyes
are caused by strain of the nerves
and muscles. Constant Irritation
produces inflammation. The inflam
mation spreads to the lids, the
lashes, or whatever part Is natu
rally -weakest. I have seen a great
many cases In which the lashes
come out too freely, entirely cured
by glasses. Styes are nearly al
ways caused by eyestrain. If the
lids stick together In the morning,
if the eyes burn or water, you may
depend nine times out of ten that
the eyes are out of focus. There
is no necessity for eyewater or eye
salve. If the strain Is once re
moved, nature will do the rest.
Nothing. but glasses will remove
the strain. Glasses are my spe
cialty. WALTER REED
133 SIXTH STREET
UNWORTHY OF ATTENTION.
So Says German Ambassador About
London Spectator Story.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. The statements
published today, credited to the London
Spectator, regarding Germany and the
Monroe doctrine, caused some comment in
diplomatic circles here. Officials of the
German embassy say they lament the ap
pearance of such statements, and declare
they are published with a view of creating
a distrust of Germany's real attitude to
wards the American nations. Ambassador
von Holleben, when shown the article re
ferred to, declared that it was without
foundation on fact, and was a pure inven
tion from start to finish. He should not
have paid any heed to it, except for the
fact that his attention had been called
to the matter by a representative of the
press. He hopes, he says, that no serious
attention will be given to publications or
this character, but that they will be treat
ed with contempt by fair-minded people.
Tin-Plate Mill Has Closed.
HARTFORD CITY, Ind., Jan. 7. The
Montpelier tin-plate mill, employing 203
men, closed yesterday, and it is believed
that it will not resume. It is said that
the tin-plate trust Intends to move the ma
chinery to either Ellwood or Anderson,
and consolidate with the others owned by
that company at those places. The city
of Montpelier gave a bonus of $25,000 for
this plant, and injunction proceedings are
Experiences of Lieutenant Gill
more With the Tagals."
FINALLY ABANDONED TO SAVAGES
How -the Rescue "Was Effected-
Yonng Venville Was Last Seen
in Baler in June.
MANILA. Jan. 7, 8 P. M. Lieutenant
J. C. Gillmore, of the United States gun
boat Yorktown, who was captured by the
insurgents last April near Baler, on the
coast of Luzon, and rescued a few days
ago by Colonel Luther R. Hare, of the
Thirty-third volunteer Infantry, sat today
In the apartment of his sister, Mrs. Major
Price, at the Hotel Oriente, in Manila,
and told a remarkable story of his eight
months in captivity, ending with his dra
matic deliverance from a death that
The steamer Venus came into the har
bor last evening from VIgan, province of
South Ilocos, with Lieutenant Gillmore
and 19 other American prisoners, includ
ing seven of his sailors, from the York
town. Lieutenant Gillmore, after report
ing, came ashore and hobbled along with
the aid of a cane, to the Hotel Oriente,
where American officers and ladies were
waltzing through the halls to the strains
of "Agulnaldo's March."
Although tanned and ruddy from expos
ure, he is weak and nervous, showing the
results of long hardships. He speaks
warmly of Agulnaldo, and very bitterly
against General Tino, declaring that while
in the former's jurisdiction he was treat
ed splendidly, but that after he fell into
Tino's hands, he suffered everything.
Colonel Hare and Lieutenant-Coionel
Howse, the latter of the Thirty-fourth
volunteer Infantry, rescued Gillmore's
party on December 18, near the headwat
ers of the Abalut river, after they had
been abandoned by the Filipinos and were
expecting death from tho savage tribes
around them. "When the rescuing force
reached them, they were nearly starved,
but were "building rafts in the hope of get
ting down the river to the coast.
Lieutenant Gillmore made the following
statement to a correspondent of ,the As
"The Filipinos abandoned us on the
night of December 16. "We had reached
the Abalut river, near its source that
morning, and the Filipinos rafted us over.
"We then went down the stream along a
rough trail, guarded by a company of
Filipinos. That night we were separated
from this guard, and another company,
armed with Mausers, was put in charge of
us. I suspected something, and questioned
the lieutenant in command. He said:
" 'I have orders from General Tino to
shoot you all, but my conscience forbids.
I shall leave you here.'
"I begged him for two rifles to protect
us from savages, -adding that I would give
him letters to the Americans, who would
pay him well and keep him from all
harm. Ho refused this, however, saying
JhewjDuld not dare to comply. Soon, af ter-
Tirafrt Via lof TiHi-J -Ti(e ,M1mno"ir -. --".
"We had seen some savages in warpaint
around us, and we prepared to fight them
with cobblestones, the only weapons that
were available to us. The next morning
we followed the trail of the Filipino sol
diers, feeling that it was better to stick
to them than be murdered by savages,
but we could not catch up with them.
Then I ordered the men to build rafts, in
the hope of floating down the river. It
was a forlorn ho'pe, but I knew the river
must empty Into the sea somewhere. I
was so weak myself that I did not expect
to get out, but I thought some of the
"On the morning of December 18, while
we were working on the rafts, the Ameri
cans came toward us, yelling. One of my
men shouted: 'They are on us.' He was
lashing a raft of bamboos. I, however,
knew It was not the yell of savages, but
the yell of Americans. The rescuing
troops thought we had Filipino guards
and called to us in English to lie down
so that they could shoot the Filipinos.
That was the finest body of officers and
men I ever saw."
Lieutenant Gillmore could not speak en
thusiastically enough about the 140 picked
men who had rescued him and his party.
The command spent the day in making
rafts. Colonel Hare thought Lieutenant
Gillmore too weak to live through the
trip, but there was no alternative. They
shot many rapids, the men losing all
their effects, and Lieutenant Gillmore
some valuable papers. Only 14 out of 37
rafts survived the first night's experience,
and 80 men were practically unable to
walk when VIgan was reached. Describ
ing the flight from Benguet, when the
Americans approached, Lieutenant GUI
"The Filipinos, completely terrified, left
Benguet on December 7, They hurried the
prisoners from town to town, often retrac
ing the trail, not knowing where the
Americans would attack. After being al
most without food for three days, they
killed several horses, and we lived on
horse flesh for several days. I did not
have a full meal from December 7 until I
reached VIgan. Indeed, the rescuing par
ty lived' largely upon rice without salt.
There was one day when I was reduced
to chewing grass and bark.
"While we were in the hands of Gen
eral Tino's men he issued an order that
any person aiding an American by food
or money should be treated as a crimi
nal. One citizen of Vigan, Senor Vera,
was probably killed for befriending us.
We would have starved but for the kind
ness of some of the residents of the towns
and some of the Filipino colonels, but
others treated us brutally. Wherever
there was a prison we were kept there.
Where there was no prison they "would
lodge us in a convent. We suffered great
ly from want of exercise as well as from
lack of food."
For weeks Lieutenant Gillmore was cov
ered with boils, and in great pain. When
the Filipinos found the Americans were
approaching, the treatment became bet
ter. There was a signpainter In the party
and he painted advertisements on the
rocks, throughout the retreat with other
emblems, like a skull and the word, "Ven
geance," by means of which the Ameri
cans were able to follow.
"The Filipino treatment of the Spanish,"
said Lieutenant Gillmore, "was brutal in
the extreme. The insurgents had old
grudges to wipe out against them. Many
talk about the reconcentrados In Cuba,
but I have seen Spaniards dying at the
rate of two or three per day of starva
tion in the hospitals at Vigan. I have
seen Tagal officers strike Spaniards in the
face with whips and revolvers."
Lieutenant Gillmore declined to speak
regarding political conditions, except to
say that he thought the Insurrection would
last as long as there were any Tagals
The members of the party reported to
General Otis this morning. They were
barefooted, sunburned and ragged. Some ;
carried rifles, others pet monkeys They I
attracted a great deal of attention as they
passed along the streets. Those whose en
listments are about expiring will be sent
to the United States. The others will be
returned to their respective organizations.
Amorg the prisoners arriving with Lieu
tenant Gillmore were: F. J. Hubert, Ed
ward Burke and J. J. Farley, sailors from
the Urdaneta; Von Galen, of the Balti
more; A. H. Gordon and George Sackett,
of the Third infantry; Leland Smith and
Frank Stone, of the signal corps; Harry
Hubert, of the hospital corps; William
Bruce and Edward Honeyman, of the Ne
vada cavalry; Martin Brennan and James
Curran, of the Sixtenth infantry; Aubert
Bishop, of the Third artillery, ana John
O'Brien and David Brown, civilians.
Brown, who was formerly a preacher in
Honolulu, twice revealed to the insurgents
plots of the Americans to escape, in the
hope of gaining the good will of tho
Filipinos. The rest of the party openly
acouse him of treachery, and entertain
the bitterest feeling toward him.
Charles Baker, of the Third artillery,
was formerly one of tho' prisoners, but
he became too weak to travel, and the
Filipino guards bayonetted him in the last
flight through the mountains. The pris
oners of Lieutenant Gillmore's party, who
escaped after leaving Vigan, were: Mac
Donald, of the Twenty-first infantry; Von
Galen, of the Baltimore, and Farley, of
the Oregon. They were captured by sav
ages, recaptured by the insurgents, who
had stripped and prepared to beat them,
and ultimately were rescued by the Ameri
cana. The Yorktown's men, who were rescued
with -Lieutenant Gillmore, were W. Wal
ton, chief quartermaster; Vandolt, sail
maker's mate; J. Ellsworth, coxswain; L.
P. Edwards', landsman; A. J. Peterson,
apprentice; P. Anderson, landsman, and
S. Brisoles, seaman.
At Baler, J. Dillon and C. A. Morrissey,
landsmen, were Instantly killed; O. B.
MacDonald, seaman, and E. J. Nygard,
gunner's mate, were mortally wounded,
and. D. W. Venville, apprentice, and O.
W. Woodbury, seaman, were seriously
Only Venville Unaccounted For.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. The navy de
partment today received the following
"Manila, Jan. 6. Secretary of Navy,
Washington: Gillmore, Walton, Vandolt,
Ellsworth, Brisolez, Anderson, Peterson,
Edwards arrived. Also Farmey, Burke
and Herbert, of the Urdaneta. Only Ven
ville unaccounted for. Last seen at Baler,
June 15. WATSON."
"Manila, Jan. 6. Secretary of Navy
Washington: Brutus towing disabled
transport, Victoria. WATSON."
SCHWA1V OCCUPIES NINAN.
Rifles nnd Prisoners Captured A De
serter Found Dead.
MANILA, Jan. 8. General Schwan's col
umn, advancing to the south, occupied
Ninan. One American was killed and three
wounded. Nine of the enemy's dead were
found on the field after the fight.
A number of rifles were captured and
several prisoners were taken. Johnson, a
deserter of the Sixth United States artil
lery, clothed in a major's uniform, was
found among the insurgent dead at Nov
General Wheaton is moving toward Perez
das Marinas today.
THREE AMERICANS WERE KDLLED.
Serious Hceonnolssunces Oqt.oOmns-
MANILA, Jan. 7, 11:30 P. M. Recon
noissances out of Imus, Cavite province,
this morning resulted in the loss of three
Americans killed and 20 wounded. The
enemy's loss is estimated at 60 killed and
Colonel Birkbeimer, with a battalion of
the Twenty-eighth volunteer Infantry, ad
vanced toward Novaleta. Major Taggart,
with two battalions of the same regiment,
moved toward Herez das Marinas. A part
of the Fourth infantry was engaged south
PROGRAMME FOR CONGRESS
Senate Will Devote Week Largely to
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. The week In
the senate necessarily will be given up
largely to speechmaking. Beginning Mon
day morning, Senator Pettigrew's resolu
tion asking for information concerning
the Philippine war will come up, and he
and probably other senators will speak
upon it. This will occur during the morn
ing hour. Senator Morgan has given no
tice of a speech on Monday, in which ho
will discuss the race question in tho
South. If any time is left that day it
will be devoted to tho continuation of the
discussion of the financial bill, some of
the senators on the opposition replying to
Mr. Aldrlch. Tuesday Senator Beveridge
will deliver his speech on the Philippines
problem, and Wednesday will be devoted
to eulogies of the ilate Vice-President Ho
bart. The greater part of the remainder of
the week will be devoted to the finances,
the object of the managers of the finan
cial bill being to give as much time as
possible to this measure until it is acted
upon. It is now understood that almost
all the senators opposed to the bill will
talk upon it before the vote Is taken, but
there has not yet been any arrangement
of the order in which they will address
Several Featured for the House.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. There is no
programme in the house for the present
week. The only certain feature is the con
sideration of the urgent deficiency appro
priation bill. It will be ready Tuesday or
Wednesday. It will contain almost $50,
O0O.OC0 for the army and navy, and, while
It will pass when It reaches a vote, It
may precipitate a stormy debate upon
the conduct of the war in the Philippines.
The answer of Secretary Gage to the
hiuse resolution calling for Information
regarding the deposit of government
funds In national banks is expected early
in the week. The report will not con
stitute a privileged question which will
open up debate, but if it is deemed un
satisfactory to any one resolutions of in
vestigation may follow.
The Roberts case will not get before the
house until the end of the week at the
earliest, and probably not then. The
hearings have been adjourned until
Wednesday, and it Is hardly likely that
the report can be prepared in time for
presentation this week.
New Transportation Company.
PLANT CITY, Fla.F Jan. 7. The United
States & West Indies Railroad & Steam
ship Company, of Plant City, with a cap
ital of $1,000,000, has been incorporated.
The purpose of the company is to construct
and operate a railroad from Plant City to
Charlotte harbor, with various spurs and
branches, and to operate steamships be
tween the United States and points In the
Bombardment Was Heavy.
LONDON, Jan. 8. A dispatch to the
Dally Chronicle from Frere camp says:
Saturday's bombardment of Ladysmith
was the heaviest yet recorded. All the
heavy guns were working, and the
Boers seemed to be pouring in shells from
every available lighter gun.
Anxiety Regarding the Fate of
FRESH DISASTERS OPEN WEEK
Eighth Infantry Division Going; to
South Africa, Leaving- Militia at
Gibraltar and Malta.
LONDON, Jan. 8, 4:50 A. M. The Brit
ish public Is at last face to face with a
critical moment in tho campaign. It may
safely be said that at no previous time
have there been such anxious hours of
suspense as will be passed through until
the arrival of further news regarding th6
fate of Ladysmith.
The week opens with only fresh addi
tions to the disasters that have befallen
British arms, and there is no longer any
sustaining confidence to buoy up public
opinion. The editorials this morning fully
reflect the extreme gravity of the situa
tion, with a painful undercurrent of om
inous foreboding, mainly caused by the
fact that, while the Boers have now
changed their tactics and assumed the or
fenslve, General Buller is apparently una
ble to do more to assist General White
than In making a demonstration. Tne
Morning Post says:
"He might as well have ordered a dis
play of fireworks."
As the heliograph ceased working yes
terday (Sunday), it is presumed that Gen
eral White's last message was sent by a
pigeon or runner. Its purport is serious
The Times publishes a dispatch from
Ladysmith, dated January L recording two
night movements on the part of the Boers
to assault the town. These had to be
abandoned when the British defenses were
Teached, but the correspondent says it
was apparent that the great attack would
not be long delayed. He adds:
"Loyally supported by the civilians, the
garrison can hold out for a considerable
period. We are not reduced to half ra
tions. The greatest difficulty is hospital
accommodations for the wounded ana
Little doubt remains as to the meaning
of the Boer attack. A dispatch from tho
Boer camp, at Colenso, dated Thursday
last and sent by way of Lorenzo Marquez,
mentions that a thunderstorm had turned
the dry ravines into torrents and flooded
the Tugela. Doubtlpss General Joubert
felt sure he had secured a couple of days
in which he could attack Ladysmith with
out fear of interference from General Bul
ler, who, even if he decided to attempt to
relieve the town, would probably occupy
three days in reaching it by even a vic
torious advance. Apparently on Saturday
General Buller was not ready to attack.
Possibly General Joubert anticipated that
General Buller would shortly deliver an
attack and, in that case, General Buller
may have actually opened battle yester
day. Great Britain has to face the terrible
possibility that the next news will be the
fall of Ladysmith. The disquieting feature
is that the Boers seem to have sufficient
efforts to reduce the town. In the pres
ence of this ominous sltuatiop, even Gen
eral French's disaster, of. which appar
ently the worst has not yet been heard,
assumes quite minor importance In the
eyes of the public.
The war office has already decided upon
immediate steps for sending an eighth In
fantry division to South Africa. Some of
the regiments for this division will be
taken from Gibraltar and Malta. They
will be replaced by militia.
It is asserted that the customs authori
ties on the river Thomas have detained two
outgoing steamers and seized two large
guns and six Maxims packed In piano
cases, intended for the Transvaal. It Is
also said that a quantity of foodstuffs on
another vessel has been seized.
A CORPS OF GENTLEMEN.
Groups of Friends May Enlist To
gether for South Africa.
LONDON, Jan. 7. It has been decided,
with the approval of the war office, to
raise a corps of gentlemen for service in
South Africa as mounted infantry, form
ing an Integral part of the Imperial yeo
manry. The corps will be raised unit by
unit throughout the kingdom. Any civilian
having the necessary qualifications In re
spect of riding and shooting will be eligible,
as well as any former member of the- army.
The scheme of enrollment will enable
groups of friends to serve In the same
corps. Those who have been accustomed
to tracking big game m the uncivilized
countries will be peculiarly suited.
The Times publishes the following dis
patch from Lorenzo Marquez:
"I learn on unimpeachable authority that
the Free-Staters are actively sowing dis
affection among the Basutos. It Is be
lieved that some of the minor chiefs have
received their advances not unfavorably.
A Basuto interpreter to the Free State,
but recently took the son of a Basuto chief
to Pretoria to show him the British pris
oners there as proof of the Boer victories.
It is believed, however, that with Chiefs
Jonathan and Lerothodi loyal, and even
desirous of attacking the Boers, these
intrigues will not result seriously.
"Although the Boer agents and their
foreign satellites have done nothing during
the .past week In securing supplies for the
Transvaal, they are still very active, 'the
center of the whole machinery being Con
sul Pott, who, besides holding the agencies
of various steamship lines, is the manager
of the Empress Africana Landing Co.,
which is the leading landing agency here.
He Is, therefore, able to facilitate the dis
charge of cargoes intended for the Trans
vaal. There is reason to believe that the
controlling Interest h the Empress Af
ricana Landing Company Is held by
Donald, Currle & Co., Stein & Morrison
and Charles Hutchins, of Natal. Similarly
the local agency of the Sheba gold mine
Is in the hands of a German firm notorious
for persistent efforts to render services to
"Some local British banks also assist
this business of forwarding agents by
the acceptances of Boer drafts for collec
tion and by issuing the recently minted
Transvaal coinage. This is important pre
sumptive evidence that the Boers are se
curing an Important quid pro quo. Al
ready wool to the value of some 15,000
has been exported by the Boer republics
by way of Delagoa bay."
Cape Town Dutch.
The Cape Town correspondent of the
Dally Telegraph, in a dispatch dated No
vember 15, dealing with the excitement
caused by rumors of a Dutch coup, which
the authorities pronounced baseless, says:
"A local paper today asks it it is 'base
less that all the guards of all the pub
lic buildings are trebled every night, that
the patrols scour the roads converging
at Cape Town; that troops are encamped
at Greenpoint; that the volunteers sleep
under arms and have received orders to
rendezvous Instantly on hearing guns
fired from the batteries?
- "Today tho authorities issued notices
warning the public of the danger of being
fired upon if they approach posts guard
ed by sentries at night-time and do not
stop when challenged. The public has
also been notified that all boats approach
ing the British cruiser NIobe. anchored
in the bay, must carry a light or take
the risk of being fired on- from tho
WILL FIGHT TO THE LAST.
If Britain Crushes Transvaal Armies,
Still No Pence.
CHICAGO, Jan. 7. Dan J. Wessels, a
brother of General Cornelius Wessels, the
commander of the Boer forces besieging
Klmberley, and cousin of President Steyn,
of the Orange Free State, said In an in
terview In Chicago today:
"I expect to get back in time to have
plenty of fighting. I am convinced that
the war will last at least another year, and
while the Boers will probably be crushed,
provided there is no foreign intervention,
there is certain to be a protracted period
of guerrilla warfare, for the Boers will
fight to the last extremity.
"I think the present war might have
been avoided, but for England's oppressive
demands; yet it would have been merely a
postponement of an Inevitable conflict, for
the time would have come when the Boers
and the English would have battled for the
supremacy of South Africa. The leading
men of the Transvaal and the Orange
Free State have understood this for a long
time, .but hoped that somehow events
would shape themselves so that the con
flict would be postponed. The Jameson
raid, however, proved It was near at hand,
and they have been straining every nerve
to prepare for It.
"One who has no personal knowledge of
the fact cannot understand the hitter, un
dying hatred the Boers have for the Eng
lish. After the Jameson raid, I met num
bers of old men who prayed they might not
die until they had first killed an English
man in battle, and the children have be
come imbued with the same sentiment."
Accident to Suffolk Regiment.
LONDON, Jan. 7. The war office pub
litfhes the following dispatch from Gen
eral Forestler-Walker, commanding at
"General French reports under date of
" 'The situation is much the same as
yesterday, but I regret to report that a
serious accident has happened to the first
battalion of the Suffolk regiment.'
"From news just come to hand from
them I gather that with the authority and
with the knowledge of General French
four companies of the first battalion ad
vanced by night against a low hill one
mile from their camp. They attacked at
dawn. Lieutenant-Colonel Watson, com
manding, gave orders to charge. He was
at once wounded. Orders for retirement
"Three-quarters of the force retreated
to camp. The remainder held thlr ground
until they were overpowered by greater
numbers, when they surrendered. Seven
ty were taken prisoner, including seven
"General French reports that the Boer
commando which made the attack Jan
uary 4 lost 50 killed, besides wounded and
prisoners. The commando was dispersed."
Forestier-Walker's Sqcond Report.
General Forestler-Walker, telegraphing
from Cape Town, says:
"There is no change in the situation as
regards Lord Methuen and General Gat
acre. ..'Referring tomy earUeLdlspjrtcJutodayJ
I have now to report thatGenerar "French
reports under date of January 6 that a
medical officer has been sent out to collect
all the wounded to the northeast of Coles
burg. The exact list of persons missing
French has not yet ascertained; probably
about 70. The first battalion of the Essex
regiment has been sent to replace the
first battalion of the Suffolk.
"The position of affairs, tactical and
strategic, Is without alteration. A Boer
medical officer admits it was intended to
leave Colesburg. The enemy's loss day
by day from our fire has been heavy."
Bombardment of Kurnmnn.
PRETORIA, Thursday, Jan. 4 (via Lo
renzo Marquez). Field Cornet Vesser, un
der date of Tuesday, January 2, reports as
follows from Kuruman, British Bechu
analand: "I commenced a bombardment of Kuru
man yesterday (Monday) aiming at the po
lice barracks. The fight lasted until 6 In
the evening, when the garrison surrend
ered, issuing from the fort and yielding up
their arms. We took 120 prisoners, includ
ing Captain Bates and Captain Dennlson,
Mr. Hiltyard, the magistrate, and eight
other officers. We also captured 70 na
tives, together with a number of rifles
and revolvers and a quantity of ammuni
tloa "Fifteen British were wounded. They
are being attended by us with the help of
Dr. Bearne, an English physician. The
horse3, oxen, mealies and flour taken, from
the prisoners have been sent to Pretoria
by way of Vryburg."
Complaints of the Boers.
LONDON, Jan. 8 A dispatch to the
Dally Mail, dated January 6, from Durban,
H. M. S. Widgeon brings from Delagoa
bay a number of British ambulance men,
who were captured at Dundee and sub
sequently released. They accuse the Boers
of harshly treating prisoners taken from
the British Irregular corps. Several Amer
icans among the civilians complain bit
terly that their consul at Pretoria Ignored
their representations, although no charge
had been preferred.
Ammunition Started for the Front.
CAPE TOWN, Jan. 6. An ammunition
column started for the front today. Sev
eral colonial Irregulars, of Dutch extrac
tion, have been brought here under ar
rest. The Cape Argus learns from Pretoria
that 50 British subjects In Pretoria and
Johannesburg have received their pass
ports for abuses of privilege. The samo
paper Is Informed that seven British sud
jects holding permits have been arrested
TO CONSIDER ARID LANDS.
Shall General Government Undertake
Reclamation or Cede to the States?
CHICAGO Jan. 7. Governor Murphy, of
Arizona, arrived here tonight with a party
Including Senator Shoup, of Idaho; Senator
Clark. Wyoming; Blnger Hermann, com
missioner of the general land office, and
George F. C. Ainsworth. of the pension
department, who have been on a trip
through Arizona and New Mexico examin
ing the arid lands. Governor Murphy said
there was to be a conference of the gov
ernors of the arid states and territories
at Salt Lake on January 17 to cons'ider
the question of arid lands.
"There Is every prospect that the con
ference will be a representative one," he
said, "and we hope It will make some
progress in this question. There prob
ably will be present 11 or 12 governors.
Two general propositions have been ad
vanced for the disposition of these lands.
One to hare the general government un
dertake the work of reclamation by the
building of reservoirs at the headwaters
of the streams, and the other to have the
governmert cede the lands to the states
and territories for them to deal with the
Boers Between Ladysmith and
BOMBARD THE TOWN FOUR HOURS
British Make a Heavy Attack on. Co
lenao Cheveley- Camp in the
Height of Activity.
LONDON. Jan. 8. The. Dally Mall has
the following, dated January 6, at noon,
from Frere camp:
"At 3 o'clock this morning very heavy
firing began at Ladysmith. It lasted fully
four hours, and must have meant either
a sortie by the British or a determined
attack on the garrison by the Boers. Our
shells could be seen falling on Umbui
whna hllf and the enemy were replying.
"Beside the cannon reports, there were
sounds Indicating smaller pieces of artil
lery In action. The fighting 'must have
been at closer range than has been the
case up to now.
"Our naval guns at Cheveley sent thel?
usual fire Into the Boer trenches, but
there has been no further movement here.
The Daily Telegraph has the foilowing
from Frere camp, dated Saturday, Janu
ary, G, 10:35 A. M.:
"A very heavy bombardment went on
at Ladysmith from daybreak until this
morning. It is believed that an engage
ment was in progress, for musketry lira
was also heard. It is possible the garri
son was making a sortie, for the Boers at
Colenso huriedly left their trenches ana
rode toward Ladysmith.
"Our big naval gun at Cheveley camp
fired several rounds at the enemy as they
were leaving their Colenso lines. Gen
eral Buller has ridden on to Cheveley wltn
A special dispatch from Frere camp,
dated January G, 7:20 P. M., says:
"General White heliographs that he de
feated the Boers this morning. They
crept up so close to tho defending forces
that the Gordon Highlanders and the
Manchesters actually repulsed them at the
point of the bayonet."
CHEVELEY OAMP CALLED OUT.
British Mnke Heavy Attack on Colen
so in a Storm.
FRERE CAMP, Saturday, Jan. 6. At 1
O'clock this afternoon an alarm was
sounded in Cheveley camp, and all the
troops in the camp turned out promptly
and advanced into the plain.
The Attach: on Colenao.
LONDON, Jan. 7. A special dispatch
from Frere cany), dated Saturday, Janu
ary G, 7 P. M, says:
"At 2 o'clock this afternoon the whole
of General Clery's division marched out
of camp to attack Colenso. General Hild
yard's brigade was on the left, and Gen
eral Barton's on the right, with cavalry
on tho extreme right.
"The attack was slowly developed, and
at 4:30 the British field guns advanced on
the center and commenced shelling the
Hlwano hUK and Fort "Wyllc About tfcfs
time a heavy thunderstorm raged over the
"At 5:30 our troops were still advancing
and had reached a point very near Colen
so. Tho naval 4.7 field guns were busy
dropping shells Into the enemy's trenches
along tho river, and the forts of the enemy
had made no reply."
Advices From Buller.
LONDON, Jan. 7. General Buller has
wired the war office the rollowing, dated
January 6, from Frere camp:
"The following message received from
General White, at 1 P. M.. today:
" 'Jan. 6, 11 A. M. Attack continues and
enemy has been reinforced rrom the south.
"The following was received this fore
noon from General White:
" 'Jan. G, 12:15 P. M. Have beaten enemy
off at present, but they are still around
me in great numbers, especially to tho
south, and I think renewed attack very
"The sun has failed, and I cannot get
further Information from. Ladysmith until
LONDON, Jan. 7. General JSuller sends
the following from Frere camp, dated to
day: "This Is from White, dated Saturday,
3:15 P. M.:
"'Attack renewed. Very hard pressed."
"I have absolutely no more news, and
there Is no sun. There Is a camp rumor
that White defeated the enemy at 5 thl3
afternoon and took 4C0 prisoners.
"I sent all available troops yesterday to
make demonstration at Colenso. The
trenches there were all occupied by the
Situation in Ladysmith.
LADYSMITH, Monday, Jan. 1. (By run
ner to Frere Camp, Saturday, Jan. (f.)
Large convoys, with stores, can be seen
trekking toward Colenso. The Boers are
actively patrolling the country, and have
massed their forces to the southward to
oppose General Buller's advance. Every
hill and kopje between here and Colenso
has been strongly fortified. General Jou
ibert is again in the field. It is difficult to
estimate the number now about us, as
tho Boers keep well under cover and never
show themselves, but a majority of their
forces are between General Buller and
It is impossible to go outside the town
limits without being shot at.
A very heavy rifle Ore was heard on
December 30 in the direction of Sunday
Persistent rumors are in circulation of
quarrels between tho Transvaal and Free
The active bombarding has little effect.
Heavy rains washed out the camp of the
Twenty-ninth hussars, but the men and.
their horses escaped without injury.
A big concert was held tonight. Every
body la apparently cheerful.
British Retreated From Dordrecht.
LORENZO MARQUEZ, Thursday, Jan.
4. A dispatch, from the Boer headquarters
near Dordrecnt says:
"The British have been compelled to re
treat from Dordrecht. Fighting continues
arouDd Colesburg, where tho British occu
py some of the oatside kopjes. Bullets are
dropping inside the town."
British Warship Watching.
BERLIN, Jan. 8. A dispatch from Homo
says the British warships Vulcan, Thetl3,
Astral and Hebe have received order3
to keep watch for a steamer which recent
ly sailed from the Baltic for South Africa.
It is believed she Is carrying contraband
- Enrl of Ava Wounded.
LONDON, Jan. 8. According to a pri
vate telegram received in London, tne
Earl of Ava. the son of the Marquis of
Dufferin and Ava, was dangerously wound
ed in the thigh during a recent assault on