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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, JANUARY 1-, -1900.
SALES OF PUBLIC LANDS
Total Disposals in Oregon in the Year Ended
June 30, 1899, Were 540,428.63 Acres.
BEST OF NEW SETTLERS
Original Homestead Entries in the La Grande District Average
50 a Month Oregon City Office Reports a Heavy Increase
Lands Containing Timber Are Eagerly Sought
Total disposals of government land In
Oregon, Washington Und Idaho for the
fiscal year ended June 30, 1899, were 1,55,
S12.C3 acres. Oregon's total was 540,128.63
acres; Washington's, 49S.948 acres; and
Idaho's, 516,536 acres.
Disposals o government land In Ore
gon last year -were larger, with one ex
ception, than those of any year since 1E93.
The exception was In 3S96, when railroad
selections amounting to 1,158,707.70 acres
ran the total disposals up to 1,467.472.22.
Oregon Is getting the cream of the im
migration now coming to the Pacific
states. Those who buy deeded lands are
able to pay their way, and those -who take
Tip government land come with ample
means to make a home.
Reports received from the principal land
districts of Oregon disclose a healthy state
of affairs. Officials receive many letters
from Eastern people, who want to know
about Oregon, that land, as Receiver Gal
loway, of the Oregon City land office, so
aptly puts it, where "people do not have
to spend six months of the year in feed
ing out what they raise during the other
elx months." The Dalles office Is doing
fine missionary work for the state In dis
tributing the descriptive literature which
the'O. R. & N. Co. has placed at Its dis
posal. The O. R. : N. Co. is one great
factor in the upbuilding of the Inland
country. Without doubt, nine-tenths or
the people who have settled east of the
Cascades in the past two years had their
attention first called to Oregon through
the efforts of this company.
Disposals of government land for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1900, will be
larger than those of the year ended June
SO, 1899. In the Oregon City district land
business for the six months ended
December 31, 1899, will show an increase
of 100 per cent over the business for the
six. months ended June 30, 1899. Receiver
Galloway says that timbered lands, which
a few years ago were passed over in con
tempt, are now eagerly sought. New meth
ods and ideas in farming and agricultural
economy explain this tendency. The sa
gacious new-comer sees in the timber a
source of revenue from sale of wood for
fuel. He realizes, also, that land which
produced the healthiest native trees Is the
best land for horticultural purposes. In
the La Grande district original homestead
entries average about 50 a month. This
means the settlement of 600 families a year
in this district, which comprises Union,
Umatilla, -and Wallowa counties, and parts
of Morrow; Grant and Baker counties.
Xii, GRAKDH XjAXD DISTRICT.
Homestead Entries Seiner Blade
the 'Rate of Fifty a Month.
We take pleasure in presenting a general
resume of the business of the United
States land office at La Grande during the
past year, and calling attention to the
fact that our past year embraces a period
from June SO, 1898, to and Including June
80, 1899. It will not be amiss for us to
state that of the number of offices In the
United States ours Is one of 115, and of
the state of Oregon, one of six. Of the
total acreage of the state, our office has
Jurisdiction over 8,843,000 acres, embrac
ing all of Union, Umatilla and Wallowa
counties and parts of Morrow, Grant and
Baker county has total of 1,166,000
acres, of which 748,833 acres are surveyed
and unappropriated; 11,335 are unsurveyed,
and 405,832 are appropriated. Of the unap
propriated lands there are 60 per cent
timbered, 5 per cent arid, 25 per cent
grazing and 10 per cent rarmlng. During
the year 8542 .acres were appropriated un
der the various acts, homestead, desert
land, timber and stone and mineral laws.
Grant county has a total of 1,363,000
acres, of which 1,000,004 acres are surveyed
and unappropriated; 60,821 acres are un
surveyed, and 304.175, are appropriated. Of
the unappropriated lands there are 50
per cent limber, 35 per cent grazing and
15 per cent farming lands. During the
year 11,786 acres were appropriated under
the acts above mentioned.
Morrow county .has a total of 511,000 acres
in ourdlstrlct, of which 272,330 'acres are
surveyed and unappropriated and 238,670
acres appropriated. Of the unappropriated
lands 25 per cent are timbered, 40 per cent
grazing, 25 per cent, arid and 10 per cent
farming. During the year 9890 acres were
filed on under various land laws. All of
the land in this pounty in our district is
Umatilla county has a total of 1,991,000
acres, of which 820,371 acres are sur
veyed and unappropr.ated, 38,957 acres un
surveyed and 151,360 acres reserved within
the Umatilla Indian reservation. Of the
unappropriated lands there are 35 per
cent timbered and mountainous, 35 per cent
arid, 25 per cent grazing anfl 5 per cent
farming. During the year 28,547 acres
were filed upon and appropriated under
the laws heretofore mentioned.
Union county has a total of 2,028,000
acres, of which 844,137 acres are surveyed
and unappropriated, 478.000 acres unsur
veyed, and 705,863 acres appropriated. Of
the unappropriated lands, 75 per cent are
timbered, 15 per cent grazing and 10 per
cent farming. During the year 13,802 acres
were entered under the laws as above.
Wallowa county has a total of 1,782,000
acres, of which 766,736 acres are surveyed
and appropriated, 662,347 acres are unsur
veyed, and 352,917 appropriated. Of the
unappropriated lands, 65 per cent are tim
bered and mountainous, 30 per cent grazing
and 5 per cent farming. During the year
23,306 acres were filed upon under the vari
ous land laws.
Prom the foregoing, It is apparent that
in our district during the year 103,873 acres
have been appropriated.
During the fiscal year from June So,
3897, to June 30, 1898, the cash receipts of
the office were in round numbers $21,000,
and from June 30, 1898, to June 30, 1899,
c. little below $40,000, thus showing nearly
a doubling of the receipts of the office dur
ing the latter year.
Our original homestead entries for the
past six months' have averaged about 50
per month. This showing is of Itself as
good as we could desire for our state, as
it means 50 persons, or heads of families,
a month, going upon undeveloped tracts
and making homes for themselves. A lit
tle figuring will make apparent the fact
that in our district the past six months
800 practically new homes have been se
lected and 300 families established and
taken up their residence upon them.
Each county in our district could, to a
person with a versatile pen, be made the
Bubject of a lenghty and entertaining ar
ticle, as Grant, Morrow and Wallowa
counties furnish the bunchgrass ranges for
our stock, cattle and sheep; Umatilla and
UnTen the finest lands for grain, fruit and
sugar iet? wi& forests of timber; Baker
LOCATE IN THIS STATE
county, the finest mineral belt and large
Our railroad facilities are of the best, as
the enterprising managers of the O. R. &
N. Co. do not spare time, .nor exoense
to furnish patrons the best of service tn
carry the golden grain on a water graao
to the best of markets; the cattle to the
stockyards in best condition to command
the highest prices; the lumber to the con
sumer building a home in our own state,
and to the competitive markets of the
East, thus making one of the largest fac
tors to induce the coming settler to appro
priate the fertile lands within our district
E. W. BARTLETT. Register.
S. O. SWACKHAMER, Receiver.
THE DALLES DISTRICT.
Officials Receive Many Letters From
The fiscal year ending June 30, 1899, was
one of the busiest la the history of The
Dalles land office, since its establishment,
January ll 1875. A recent report, ema
nating from the general .land office, and
published In The Oregonian, shows that
last year's business of The Dalles office
was in excess of that of any other in
Oregon; and, indeed, it was not equaled by
any land office in the entire Northwest.
This was largely due to the sales of pub
lic lands, neaa- the close of 1S9S, the last
year in which lands could be purchased
under the act of September 29, 1890, the
lands Involved in the old Northern Pa
cific land grant which were declared for
feited by the act already mentioned.
The total sales of lands of the fiscal'
year were 43,254.40 acres, bringing $116,t
495 1L Most of these sales occurred be
fore January 1, 1899, though the January
business of the past year was very large.
This was augmented by a very great
number of original homestead entries,
810, though the average monthly business
of the new fiscal year bids fair to exceed
that of the last In the matter of original
homestead entries. The total business
of last year, briefly summarized, was as
Total number of acres sold 43.25t.40 $116,495 11
Total number of acres en
tered jercluahe of sales
by homesteads, etc 120,477.00
Homestead entries, 810. .124.119.29 $ 12.5SS 03
No. state selections, 15... 2,920.93 50.00
Timber and stone ent., 5. CO 00
TVagon and R. R. lists,' 3 2.4S1.S2 82 00
Received from testimony, plats, can
cellation notices, etc.... - 039 81
Received from final proofs on 201
homesteads t 1,534 09
Received from final proofs on 63
timber culture 276 00
Total receipts -...... S131.GC2 64
Not appropriated, about 4,800.000 acres of
land, Including- surveyed and unsurveyed lands
The office has also "received an unusual
number of inquiries from Eastern people
about Oregon and the Northwest To all
of these, answers have been made, and
each has received Instructive literature
concerning our section. This office is un
der obligation to W. H. Hurlburt, gen
eral passenger agent of the O. R. & N.
Company, and others for reading matter
furnished for use in the line mentioned.
While the Interests of our people are
common, yet no doubt the transportation
companies have received their full share
of benefit, but none Is more deserving
than the O. R. & N. Co. Its efforts to
Inform Intending settlers of the advant
ages of the Northwest have been pains
taking and expensive. Their kindness In,
furnishing the land office with descrip
tive and other literature has saved Kb
officials a great deal of labor, and has
(resulted in much benefit to alU The
Dalles, Portland & Astoria Navigation
Company, with headquarters at The
Dalles, also burnished some splendid ad-,
vertlslng matter, which was used with
Judging from the Interest manifested
in the acquiring of all kinds of lands, the
future of this district Is very bright,
which seems to be shared, generally, all
over the great Northwest.
OTIS PATTERSON, Receiver.
The Dalles, Or.
BIG BUSINESS AT OREGON CITY.
Increase of 100 Per Cent for First
Half of the Current Fiscal Year.
I send a summary of the business trans
acted at the Oregon City land office during
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1899. The
first six months of the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1900, will show an Increase of over
100 per cent In the business of the office
over the preceding six months.
The larger number of those taklne: home
steads are from the East, and come with
ample means to establish a home where, as inconveniences, work and expense attend
they often state, they do not have to spend ant upon occupying entire house. Port
six months of the year in feeding out what . land residents and stranjrers alike find all
they raise during the other six months
We notice that land containing heaw
timber, heretofore passed by, is now be-
lng eagerly sought by those seeking home-
steaas. j.ney see in me umoer a source of
revenue besides Securing good farmincr.
horticultural and grazing land after the
timber has been utilized.
Following is a summary of the business
Tabulated statement showing, by
Tear. - Roseburg.
1885 . i. 56,630.68
I&4 M.O.ys 233,745.03
1SS8 283,085.06 193 383.09
1SS9 87,214.18 89.260.87
180 200,444.60 66,967.03
1891 215,802.04 135,039.01
1892 128,117.94 170,192.99
1S93 162,950.83 ' 137,971.67
1894 : :... 93,101.36 84-473.16
1895 .T. 55.251.B5 ' 8465.14
1896". ,.t.... 1,107,295.55 109.777.30
1S97... , 72,654.28 137.200.31
1898 118,649.22 152.669.27
1899 156,894.80 172.JS1.99
Total ...,. .2,839,728.-23 . , 2,'316,725.94
Oflice opened for business September 2, 1889 .
transacted In Oregon City district during1
the fiscal 'year ending June SO, 1899:
Kind of entries No. Acres. Amt.
cash sales 37 3,177.77
Original homesteads.. 203 27,546.82
Pinal homesteads .... 310 44.485.36
State, wagon road
and railroad selec
tions 11 46,463.14
Donation certificates. 2 154.95
Examining and reduc
ing testlm'y to writ
ing, plats, etc
The foregoing does not Include large
tracts of land selected Under the lieu land
act of June 4, iS97, and,Jdr which no fil
ing fees are received-, , ,
WHJLIAM GALLOWAY, Receiver,,
Oregon City, . -
BniHs District. -
Charles Newell, receiver ofr the Burns
land office, sends the following itemized
statement of the business-of v that? office
during the year ended June 30. 1899: i
No. Acres. Amt.
Sales of land subject
to pre-emption entry 2
Original entries under
desert land act. 31
Final entries under
desert land act 16
Excess payments on
culture and other,
entries and locations 6
commuted to cash,
-under section 2301 of
Revised Statutes.... 2
Sales of mineral land 1
Total cash sales.,.. T5S
2.069.71 $5594 90
Original homest d
entries 92 13,573.44 $1384 00
Jjmai homestead, en
Pinal entries under
timber-culture laws 6
State lndem'ty school
Wagon road select'ns 3
for patent 1
Reducing testlm'y to
Grand tdtal 176 15,401.07 $7590 38
Fees and commissions
Original-homestead entries.. $509 03 $875 00
Flnal homestead entries... r.x 354 94
Final entries under timber
State Indemnity school selec-
Wagon road selections
Mineral appllcat'n for patent
Pre-emption townslte locat'n
Reducing testimony to writ
ing .' 193 45
Total $887 97 $1107 45
Expenses of office - r
Salaries, fees and commissions of
register and receiver $2182 42
Expense of depositing 144
Incidental expenses 125412
Total .. $3437 93
A Model Apartment House, Conduct
ed by Miss H. F. Spalding.
In every growing city there exists a de
mand for rooming , accommodations near
the business center for families, business
men and visiting strangers. Realizing
.several years ago that this demand was
manifesting Itself in Portland, Miss Helen
F. Spalding, a lady well known and ap-
nrAiMnfsrl In cnMnl ntrnliac onrl nt- tVio fiflmn
time endowed with acute Huslness in-
stincts, decided to erct a building adapt-
ed to the requirements of this class of
tenants on her property at the corner
of Park and Alder streets.
The new venture was christened "The
Spalding," and has since been personally
Clatsop .. ...
Jackson ... .
Lincoln ... .
Malheur ... .
Ratio for state.
313,767 1 99.543
Organized InlS93. tOrganiz'ed in
tNo report received by state, school
conducted by Miss Spalding herself. It
speedily became, and has continued to pe.
recognized as the representative apart
ment house of Portland. Practically with
in a stone's throw of the center of town,
only three blocks distant from the Hotel
Portland, postofilce, Marquam theater and
Oregonian building, the Spalding is at the
same time as favorably located for avoid
ance of the noise and bustle of city life,
as though erected in some distant suburb.
The building Is admirably adapted to the
comfort and enjoyment of Its Inmates. All
the rooms are light and perfectly venti
lated, while numerous means of egress
save the 'lodger from all worry over the
horrors of fire during the hours of slum
ber. Wide corridors, modern conveniences,
handsomely furnished suites and single
apartments are features of the Spalding.
Several suites have been fitted up for
housekeeping, to accommodate those who
seek the comforts of a home without the
the comforts afforded by the leading ho
tels of the country at the Spalding, and It
ant apartment house has established and
maintains its unique reputation in this
! Mtv Nrnf-roJHisfnnrllnt' Its rfntrnl Inpntfnn
and other advantages, rates are extremely
. reasonable and nothing Is left undone
j which can contribute to the happiness of
DISPOSALS OF GOVERNMENT LAND IN
land districts, disposals of government lands
ending June 301899.
The Dalles.- Oregon City.
999999 9999999999909e999eeefie9999e99 9eeee99e9eSe
the permanent or transient sojourner at
The recent-first legal execution of a ne
gro rapist in Souh Carolina for years. If
,not ever. Is 'now followed by orderly ar
rest and ,imprlsoninen,t," pending trial, of
two negroes charged .with, a similar crime
near Baton Rouge, La. That such a
thing could happen in that section Is ac
cepted by the New Orleans Times-Democrat
as evidence that public sentiment in
regard to lynching has materially changed.
CENSUS OF OREGON
Enumeration of .1900 Should
how About 425,0 joy eopie. ;
INCREASE 35 PER' CENT' SINCE 1890
Btaitnomsh County How Haa
i Larger 'Population Thanf the
' Entire State Had Iai875.
The census of 1900 -will, if well taken,
give Oregon a population of, about 425.
000, an increase of 111,233, or 35 per cent,
The population of the Btate when the
school census was taken last year was
407,283. This figure is reached bytak-
i ing the ratio of school population in
each county, according to the teaerai
census of 1890, and the state census , of
1895, striking an average ratio therefrom,
and multiplying It by the school popula
tion reported for 1899. Very nearly the
same result Is obtained by taking the
j ratio of "school population to the popula
tion of the state at large and adopting
the same process of averaging and. multi
plication. In 1890 this ratio was 3.15, and
in 1895 It was 2.85: an average of 3. Mul-
j tiplying this average by the school popula-
tion of 1899, the result obtained is 397,-
224, or 1Q.059 less than the county test
shows. Allowance for errors in the school
census of 1899 and Increase In population
between then and June, 1900, ought to
show a population of not less than 425,000
While the school census is the best
available test, short of actual enumera
tion, of the population of the state. It
does not possess the merit of absolute
accuracy. If It did, It would not show
decreases In some of the best counties In
the state. While there has been much
shifting about of population during the
past five years, It does not seem, possible
that counties like Clackamas, Douglas,
Marlon, Washington and Yamhill have
lost ground. StIU It is noteworthy that
Douglas, Marlon, Washington and Yam
hill reported fewer persons of school age
In 1899 than they did in 1895. in Clacka
mas county the school population was the
same in both years.
It has nbt been considered advisable In
making this computation to take figures
farther back than the census of 1890.
There Is too much disparity "n the ratio
between sehodl population s,d the total
population to give any results that might
be obtained real value. Thus, in 1875 the
ratio averaged from 1.78 1 in Linn county
' to 417 in Coos; In 1880, from 2.35 in Linn
i to S 30 In Clatsop; and In 1885, from 1.53
in Crook to 3,61 in Clatsop.
Comparisons between the total popula
tion, school population, and ratios for
1890, 1895 and 1899, are shown in the fol
t T 5.849
Western Oregon still contains the bulk'
of the population of the state. Since 1875
the distribution has been:
Pop. Per ct.
Pop. Per cL
1S85 145; 326
now has a larger
population than all Oregon had1 at the
census of 1875, and Western Oregon more
people than the census of 1890 gave the
entire state. Eastern Oregon now has
a larger population than the entire state
had at the census of 1870. ' "
ESTABLISHED TWENTY, YEARS
Some twenty years ago Hi Listman,
of Portland, commenced manufacturing
store fixtures in a Tnodest way, and by
good Judgment and close attention to de
tails has built up a nice business. His
factory is located on East, Yamhill 'street,
near First, and is equipped with all nec
essary machinery, enabling him to manu
facture office, bank, saloon and store nx-
tures as well as art furniture and Inside
finishings for the finest residences in the
very best designs and finishes. Mr. List-
in Oregon for fifteen fiscal years
, 4. .
943,491.42 353,559.07 10,255, 961, 6 !
. i t i
mann does a large business throughout the
states of Oregon and Washington, and has
furnished fixtures for the best banks as
well as stores In the city. Els a skilled
workman and designer, employs only com
petent artisans, and is thus '-enabled' to
guarantee the finest work. ,
The year 47 B. O.was the longest year
on record. By order of Julius Caesar it
contained 445 days. The additional days
were put In to make the seasons conform
i as nearly as possible with the solar year.
102,420.01 '-j ,,
45.457.67 86 809.G4-
18,098.12 J 88,642.00
The cheapest and strongest light oa earth.
Make3 and burns its own gas. It Is portable,
hang it anywhere. Requires no pipes, wires
or gas machine. A safe, pure white, power
Jul, steady light.
100 Candle Power
3 Hours for One
50 Per Cent. Cheaper Than Kerosene
Insurance Companies Approve
i Cold Does Not Affect
jffo wicks to trim, no smoke or smell, ftu
chimneys to clean. Superior to electricity.
as. acetylene or kerosene. Saving effected
y its use quickly pays for it.
The "Best" Incandescent
188 Third St. " ,, PORTLAND, OR.
Write,, for"1 prices.
. A. R. HEINTZ & CO., PROPS.
All Kinds , . . . ' .
Blacksmith Work ,
Architectural Iron .
Columns and Girders
Bolts and Rods
Carry in Stock
, - , Rakes
"p. m. scott; mainaoer ;
201 Sepond Street Portland, Oregon
Soil .tothe" Trade Only.
Galvanized Iron Cornices
PORTLAND ,. OREGON
Manufactured In PORTLAND
I am the'sole manufacturer In the North
west of the following brands of cheese:
Fromnee de Brlc
Fromage do Cnniembqrt
Royal Cheese, Slerre Cheese
For Sale by All the Leading Grocers
Manufacturer and Dealer
91 SIXTH STREET
IRON AND WIRE FEN.CB
BANK, STORES AND OFFICE RAILING
Grill "Work, Elevator Enclosures
and Window Guards.
334 Alder St. .
Pacific Paper Company'
( sTIIetFIoorlng Electr6llers, .
Artjlstlc Fireplace Furniture, Incandesces
Lamps, Electrical Supplies.
Incandescent Gas Lamps.
01 First St., Portland, Or.
Telephone Oregon Main 122.
KS V E
T r JL
$9 9 OnLJ
of All Kinds of
Marine and Stationary Engines
Saw Mills, Mining, Hoisting and
Bridge and Structural Work.
Shafting, Gearing, Pulleys and
celloneous Machinery of
Iron and Brass Castings.
all Forgings and Repairs of AH Kinds
Promptly Attended To.
M fPSlllillllP I
esShsy FiL7sL JlSvNsSv j2P1&
--4&JPiXfS-' j&2&Ece?I4 xx-vT5 fctt!&is
OFFICE AND WORKS
;front and halL streets, Portland, Oregon
i ' t
$ IRiis Jm.Ap wmM $
WADHAMS & CO.
I . FOR SALE
In Oregon and Washington.
DESIRABLE. RESIDENCE PROPERTIES
. , . FOR SALE
Payable by Installments to suit purchasers
' Made on Improved city and farm property
Repayable by Installments to suit borrowers.
I IVlacIVSaster & Birreli
31 1 Worcester Block
Iron and Steel Work
L.M.Parrijh' HOTAM PUBLIC. GecclWatkins
PARRISH & WATKINS
Pa-1 Fein f a H?s.e,?'?,s nd t
IVvtUI LulUlv Jfire maurauce.
The. Lancashire Insurance Co.
No..24G "Washington St., Portland, Or.
T8E QU1NCY BLOCK
.Elegant newly furnished rooms.
All modern conveniences.
J. E. HHNARD BLACK, Proprietor
345& FIRST f
and jj j
Log. Jllll ll
lllfe ill PMl JvL VJ
A countenance us
known from New
York to Portland:
,he stands for the
most popular, strict
ly, high-grade cigar
AND STOCK RANCHES f
Portland Oregon $
And General Agent....
THE KING BRIDGE CO.
. Room 657 Worcester Block
f Cor. Third and Oak Streets
Gents Shirts and Ladles Shirt
Waists to Order.
Goodnough bulldlncr. Fifth at. oppoelta cost,
office. iHicond floor, Portland, Or.
Oregon phone Black 1827 Columbia phone US
& DELICATE- ESSEN...
"'D. W. PRINCE, Prop.
A full line of FRUITS. CANDIES and NUTS
always on hand.
Newly ooened at
Phone Hood 07X 1S7 FOmfcxH ST.