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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1857)
THE OREGON ARGUS,
-uai.miiao kvkkt ssthsmt Mokmita,
BT WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
0ficc-Good's Building, Main it.
rial Room in first story.
TERMS The Aiooi will be furnMtil at
.... rv.il J Li t. Mt .
tnree utmnem una rijiy venit per annum,
It lingU lubtnilurtTlirn Vollart
each lo cluhi of ten at out ojflet.
t3T Tu Dollar) for lis monthSo tubicrip-
- (,., ,,,,.,; A,- - I... ....'...I
MJ" No paper diicoiitmned until alt arrearage)
.... .1 ....i... -t it.. i L M.-L
hi v fU'H, wnirH u . . m iijhwh vj lam fiuutimner.
Vor tki Argu).
The future WeaUU of Orrgoa.
' Salem, March 0, 1957.
Mr. Editor In sevoral of the last nuin
lersof TLo Argus I have culled the at
tcntion of jour reader to a number of
different modus by which they enn materi
Ally advance their intornats. In this issue
I wish to direct their minds to anothor
thing) which lies equally near our highest
rrrtA tlPrtnl A 'I'liae ft iff ntilik rtf
Oregon will depend much upon the internal
Arrangement of our social relations. We
Are soon to become one of the sovereign
Slates of this our American Union, and I
finlri that nnnn tliA timnlA fj.nl r.f .fiiii!nn
our votes right or wrong, if the subject of
slavery comes up for our decision, whether
wo will incorporate it into our constitution
our not, upon the decision wo then matte
will depend millions upon millions of our
future wealth. It is well known that much
bus been said nt the scat of government
during iho winter by llio friends of slavery
in favor of introducing it into Oregon.
They have been unceasing in their efforts
to bias tho minds of iho pe"plo in its fa
vor. But it seems to me, friends, (and I
liope this will meet their eye,) that not
only no good, but nn irreparable injury,
would como to our future prosperity by
introducing it hero. It would bo injurious
lo us in three important particulars the
. i.i. .1.. -.i .? i .. .
wtoiiii, i iiu cuuciuionai interests, mm m
the morality of tho people; but only in
reference to the first of thvso shall I sneak
of it, nt tho present time.
It is a well-established fuct that no poo
plo can be a prosperous people none can
grow rnpiilly in wealth without industiy,
without husbanding their time, and desti
tute of a system of well-directed labor.
In all these particulars slave labor is defi
cient. They are not industrious ; a single
Freeman will accomplish ni much in a
given length of time as lira slaves. The
slave knows that nothing which he earns
is his own. It nil belongs to his master,
and, as a matter of eourse, everything he
ttoes must be forced fiom him. Take
tuntt I tin stimiltna tf atf !ntt.t) anil m.
nt onco deprive men of all the springs of
fiction. Every farmer who has evei hired
knows the difference between ono who feels
nn interest in his work and one who wr.rk
merely to pass nwny the time. They may
both be equally busy, but with Iho ono I lie
Accomplished work seems to pass from his
hands as if by magic, while with the other
it seems lo go ns if it would never ceaso lo
"drag its slow length along."
Every thing a man does must be done in
time. If this is not husbanded, if a man
does not use well his moments, tho hours
will not work ; bat when did a man ever
find a slave that would he careful of his
time ? The great object of a slave's being
is to pass away tho time. Ho lives to rest,
to cat and sleep, not to work. The master
means he shall livo lo work, but the slave
means no suoh thing. Tho more timo he
can kill (he bettor, and we may be nssured
that in this contest between master and
slave, the one striving to make time active,
living, the other lo use it up, to destroy it,
tho slave frill como off victor. He will
continue to kill more than he uses.
Again, there i9, and always must be,
among slaves, a want of direelnesi in labor.
They do ndl know how lo get at a thing
like a well-educated freeman. A man of
mind, of education, takes hold of a thing
at tho right end. He sees what, and how,
And why, in nnything that is to be done.
He will not hoe bean-poles. Ho knows
the difference between one thing nnd an
other, and ho knows triy the difference,
although they may look very much alike.
But it is not so with the slave. With a
mind almost demented by the ignorance
necessary to the whole system of slavery,
with nothing of the man cultivated
through successive generation?, but all
that pertains to tbo animal nature and
Lruto force ex.''e,, ,h7 have '"!00mo oI-
cnost what their masters with tnC 10
.as unreasoning as the ox, and will work
only when the driver stands over with a
goad. To be sure, the driver can in many
ithtngs direct their labor ; he can tell them
what and how to do, but this only remedies
ths evil in a few particulars. The driver
is not, and cannot be omnipresent, but (his
he must be in order to give proper direc
tion to the labor of every slave.
In nil these things there will be a great
low to the Territory if slaves are intro.
daced, hnt this is not all. The moment
this becomes a slave territory, the emigra
tion to it of Northern men will cease. Tbe
moment it-becomes slave territory yon at
tach to it an evil more terrible to a North
ern man than the swamps and miasmata of
the most unhealthy portions of oar domain.
Look upon this matter as w will, and ac
count for il as we will, the people of the
. North would rntber bring up their children
exposed to all the chills and fevers of the
swamps of Georgia were it free from sla
very, than in the mot healthy portion of
-t)ur beloved Oregon cursed with it. Thry
do regard il m wronj. TLey believe it is
A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to tho Principles of Jcfl'crsonmn Democracy, and advocating
a sin lo hold slaves, for which the curse of
(leaven will descond. Those being ihoir
fadings, without arguing the question
whother they are right or not, it becomes a
question of great importance to us whether
we will, by adopting slavery as one of our
institutions, shut our doors to Iho hosts of
Northorn emigrants, with their bnbits of
industry, Ihoir skill in well-directed labor,
and ell tho thrift which freemen alone
know how to acquire. Nor will this loss
be overbalanced by tho good which will
accrue, by the greater emigrations from
the South, should slavery he Introduced.
We cannot raise cotton, or rice, or to
bacco, in such quantities as to make it
profitable, consequently the people of the
South hare more inducement to slay in
tbo rich valleys of ths Mississippi, and,
besides, our climate is such that neither
slaves nor any one else can work more
nbout half the year. The almost inces
sant rains of winter actually forbid out
door labor. What now would a man with
his twenty or a hundred slaves wish lo
come to Oregon for f What would he cm.
ploy them about during our long wintors T
It docs seem to me that, taking tho cost of
kee-ptvg tho slaves, together with all the
evils connected with their slow, ill-directed,
ignorantly-applied labor, no man in his
senses would wish slavery to become a part
of our internal nnd social system. Keep
out slavery, and in a short time we shall
havo freemen from tho Northern States
pouring in upon u, and ready with willing
hearts and hands lo make Oregon, with its
health and fertility of soil, the garden of
tho world. Our Willamette Valley will
be cut up iuto small wclllillcd farms.
Each freeman will havo his fields, his
fences, his orchard, nnd his beautiful
house. Each farm will become an Eden,
with its paradise of fruits nnd (lowers, and
all enjoying a competence which their own
hands have brought forth from our willing
soil. Who would not prefer such a social
system, as will eventually make our Pa
cific Slate like tho great " Empiro Stale"
of ihe East, cut up into small wt-II tilled
farms, each with its industrious, comforta
ble, wdl-cducalcd family, to a social sys
tem which must have its mile and two mile
square plantations, nnd families separated
Into isolated house?, without the possibil
ity of n good common school, and without
the possibility of church privileges. With
the former of these systems Oregon would
be worth through all futuro time thous
ands of dollars, where it would be worth
hundreds with I he latter. Tho decision of
slavery or no slavery will thus tell upon
our futuro woo or weal, and the present
inhabitants of Oregon will have Ibis ques
tion lo decide. Yours, ic,
JCtT As there is considerable curiosity
just at present to know the real principles
of Cameron, U. S. Senator elect from Penn
sylvania, who has been the subject of more
abuse by the locofoc'o journals than almost
any man living, we give below his colobra.
ted "Kirkpatriok letter," which we find
published in tho Pcunsylvanian, as fuirlv
exhibiting his antecedents. Judrinff from
this letter, we should call him a "Bentoni-
an North American Republican";
IIakrisbuugh, Feb'y 9, 1855.
Bear Sir: I have, nt twelve o'clock, re
ceived your letter of this morning, and
reply to it immediately.
I o your lust interrogatory,
' Have you ever at any time been, or are
you now, or will you ever bo, in favor of
the so-called Kansas-Nebraska bill, passed
oy L-ongress at its last session I
Answer I'rom the day it was intro
duced in the Senate to this time, I have
been opposed lo the bill, nor shall I ever fa
2d. ' Would you, if elected to the Sen
ate of tho United Slates, use all honorable
and fair means to effect tho restoration of
ihe so called Missouri Compromise, which
was literally and virtually abrogated by the
aforoftiid Kansas-Nebraska bill I'
Answer I would.
3J. Would you, if elected to the Sen-
Ho of the Unite'1 States, use all honorable
and fair in Jour Power ta ffuCt 8 r.e
peal of what is co,rmnIy knorB 88 '-e
Fugitive Slave Law !'
Answer The passage of the compro
mise measures was acquiesced in by the
North, and -1 had hoped the questions
growing out of it had been settled, but as
the South has been tho first to violate it, I
bold the bill subject to revision, and will
act with the North upon this and all ques
tions connected with ths subject of slavery.
1 answer I will.
4th. 'Do you recognize the right of.
Congress, and if so, would you act upon
such right, and use yoor vote and influence
lo legislate, for all territories now belong
ing, or which may hereafter be acquired
by the United States, to the otter and en
tire exclusion of slavery or involuntary
servitude in said territories!'
Mv answer is that I recognize the right
and would k legislate.
5tb. Would voa oppose, by all and
every honorable and fair means in your
power, the extension of slavery and invol
untary servitude over territories now free,
or anywhere or any lime, now or hereafte",
wherever or whenever it may be enacav-
ord, by its frien.l, :o introduce it f
For an aai to this, I coulJ readily
OREGON CITY, OREGON, MARCH 21, 1857.
refer lo my senatorial course especially
my voto on the Wilmot Proviso; out that
there may be no misunderstanding, I em
phatically answer in thesflirmative,
(lib. ' Would you, at all times and upon
all occasions, protect and preerre invio
late, in this respect as in all others, the
rights, immunities, and privileges of the
North, as guaranteed to iliem by our Con
stitution and laws, against any nnd all en
croachments of our sister States, compris
ing and composing tho southern part of.
our national confederacy I
Answer A Northern man who would
not protect and preserve the rights of tho
North is unworthy of tho respect or any
honorablo mun. and for thoso riuhts I would
battlo until the lust, either in a public or
7th. 'Are you in favor of, and would
you voto, act, and use your influence in fa
vor of such a system of public rates and
duties ss would most effectually, and be
yond all doubt, guard our home industry
and manufactures against foreign compe
tition and pauper labor I'
Answer My principles have nlways
been in favor of tho "American System."
I hare novcr doubted as to what was Ihe
true policy of ths country, and I answer
your iuterrogatory in tho affirmative.
Sili. 'Do you still, in this respect, ad
here to and abide by the sentiments and
doctrines contained in the speech delivered
by you in the Senate of ths United States
on ihe 10th day of July, 1846 !'
Answer 1 most cortainly do.
Olh. 'Do you recognize the right of
Congreu lo legislate and make appropria
tions for the improvement of our rivers and
I do rocognize the right greatly de
plore tho executive vetoes on this subject,
and will use every means in my power for
the freo passage of bills for tho improve
ment of the rivers and harbors.
10 tli. 'Are you in favor of such a
change in our national laws, pertaining to
the naturalization or our lorcign citizens,
as will compel all of them arriving in this
country, after (he passage of such an act,
to remain in this country at least twenty
one years before being entitled to the
rights of suffrage as they now possess
them, and will you use your vote and in
fluence to accomplish such a change !'
This, your last interrogatory, I answor
in tho nflirmnlivc.
It was noon when I received your letter.
Visitors and friends have crowded my
room since I commenced writing, or I
should have written more in detail. Your
inquiries were direct the answers are as
direct and lo the point. Still I must re
gret that I had no timo to elaborate thorn
Very respectfully, yours, ecc,
J. M. Kirkpatriok, Esq.,
House of Representatives.
RELIliF OF GEN. UBNMNCSEN AT GltANAPA,
AMERICAN BRAVER V.
Somo weeks sinco we published nn ac
count of the cooping up of Cen. Ilenning.
sen with 300 or 400 men near Ihe ruins of
Granada, by about 2000 of the Central
Americnn troops. After sustaining a siege
of nineteen days, and refusing offers of
capitulation, they were relioved by about
170 mon under command ef Col. Waters,
sent by Gen. AValker lo succor ths be
sieged. The following coiiciso account of
the relief, which we lake from the corre
spondence of the N. O. Piuayuno and Delta,
is highly interesting, as showing the des
perate valor of 170 Americans iu attacking
and forcing the lines of 2000 troops strong
ly posted behind barricades :
On the night of the 11th of Dec, Col.
Waters landed with his command nbout
three miles below the old fort, on the beach.
The landing was effected without any loss,
although a detachment of the enemy's lan
cers were on the beach, and kept up an in
effective firing. After forming, they ad
vanced and attacked the first barricade,
which was strongly defended; but noth
ing could withstand the impetuous charge
of our men. The enemy were in a few
minutes driven from it with great slaugh
ter. With the same impetuosity, two other
barricades were attacked and carried, and
a junction effected with these in the forlifi.
cations by daylight. This achievement
was not accomplished without loss, as ihe
enemy seemed to fight with desperation ;
and at the first barricade maay hand-to-hand
encounters took place, and many
were killed. With Colt's six-shooters, the
loss of the enemy was very great, as dead
bodies were strewed all over tbe road.
Our loss was forly-fonr in killed and
wounded 14 killed. After the junction
was effected, the enemy remained perfectly
passive; and all tho troops, wounded and
ilvl, ordnance, Ac, were embarked with
out opposition, except by a ft shot from a
r.mn.in. loo far to do auV execution.
Succor reached dranada in tue men oi
time. The force there had been hemmed
in 19 days they had run out of provis
ion?, and been on short allowance of horse
and mule meat, and had even killed and
eaten dogs and cats. They bad one horse,
one mule, and one dog left. Such had
been their exposed condition that they
csuld not afford their dead a decent burial.
Our folks, when attacked, took the plaza,
Iipm ihpr constructed barricades of
trunks and boxes. From the plaza they
fought their way down to the church, whicu
they took from the enemy and fortified. So
aiany in so small a place, beieg cut off
from water, rendered it necessary 10 oiuue
the forte. For this purpose Gn. Hen
ningo had irencbes dog and barricades
eree'ed half way between the church and
the lake. Had we not arrived when we did,
I c:n M.-nninwn would have attempted to
renrhi Ihe hVn, by advancing hi direh so
a U command the enemy's position, when
with his cannon he limped to driro ihem
from thuir fort and barricades.
Tho success of our little force in march
ing through the enemy's lino, taking their
barricades alter nigbt, ai:d tliey between
fifteen and two thousand strong, (and only
170 of us,) is truly miraculous. Had they
known our true strength, not a man of us
would have escaped to tell ihe fata of the
others. But they believed we were six or
eight hundred strong, with Gen. Walker at
our hoad. But tho idea of being turned
ashoro in tho manner we were, with no
moans of escape in enso of defeat, mani
fested a very litlle regard for human life,
or a very high estimate of American valor.
But we were successful, which removes the
objections that would have been urged had
we failed, and the condemnation that would
have fallen upon the head of him who thus
exposed hia men to what would have ap
peared almost certain destruction. But
lie knew the enemy, nnd had full confidence
in our ability to co through. The idea of
manifest destiny directing this great enter
prise, stimulates men to do wonders.
Gen. Ilenningscn states his loss in the
siego to have boen about 120, including
the wounded, and women and children,
two thirds of the deaths having been oc
casioned by tho pestilence. Among those
died during the siege was Mrs. Bingham,
the wife of the actor, whom Gen. II. styles
" a noble woman, and the Nightingale of
tho army," for her attenlions to the sick
and wounded. She and her child were cut
off by fever.
Gen. Ilenningscn estimates the loss of
ihe allies during iho siege at 800 killed and
l.ale from Europe.
Assassination of the Archbishop of
Paris. The Archbiihop of Paris was
assassinated on the evening of the 3d inst
ant, by a discharged priest named Verges,
of the diocess of Meaux. The Archbishop
was performing religious services in the
church of St. Etienno du Mont when the
assassin, in plain clothes, stepped forward
and, lifting aside the prelate's .cape, plung
ed a Catalan kuife into his heart, oxclaim
ing "a bits la deese!" (down with the
goddess !) an expression which the mur
derer aflorwards explained lo refer to the
doctrine of (he immacululcd conception.
The Archbishop fell to tho pavement nnd
faintly muttering "Le rnalheurcvx," ex
pired. Monsicgneur Afire, the predecess
or of deceased, of Paris, was shot nt the
Baricades in 1843, while endeavoring to
mediate between tho insurgents and sol.
diory. Tho funeral of the Archbishop
took place on the 10th inst. in the cathe
dral of Notre Dame, with great pomp, and
amidst throngst of people. The trial of
the assassin is expected to luke place about
the 2 (Hh of the month.
Vindication of Santa Ana. Advices
from Madrid lo January 1st sny: The
Mexican Gcnoral, Corte, has written a
letter to deny that he was charged by
General Santa Ana to solicit the assistance
of the Spanish government in re-establishing
monarchy iu Mexico.
The War hetw'een the Russians and
Circassians. By telegraph via Trieste,
uews had been received in England of a
great battle nenr Bayuk between the Russ
ians and Circassians. The former re
treated with a loss of nearly 2000 men
and several guns, the attack being made
by a Circassian corps of 10,000 strong.
The Sound Dues Question. The Cour
tier de Havre of January 13 says: "A
conference in rotation to the Sound Dues
took place on iho 8th of January iu Copen
hagen. It scorns certain that the suppres
sion of the loll has been agreed upon. Il
will be suppressed from tho re-oponing of
navigation, that is to sny, in April next.
All the interested States have agreed to
indemnify Denmark, but it remains to be
decided if the capitalization amount will
be paid in at once or by instalments."
Tbe Paris Conferince. The Confer
ence was brought to a close on the Olh of
January. It unanimously decided that
the frontier shall follow Trajan's Valley to
the River Yalpuck, leaving the towns of
Bolgrad and Taback to Moldavio, while
Russia is to retain the town of Komrat on
the right bank of the Yalpuck, with a ter-
ritorv of 300 souare versts. The Isle of
Serpents has been declared to be a depen
dency of the Delta at the Danube, which
is to revert lo Turkey. A II the other ter.
rilory west of the new frontier is to be an.
nexed to Moldavia. The boundary is to be
fixed befare the 30tb of March, and in the
mean time the Austrian army is to evacu
ate the Principalities, and the British fleet
in null il.s Black Sea. As soon as this
evacuation has taken place, the Commiss
ioners of the Principalities are to run the
boundary line. When this is done, theTthe fact the. ,y lUch a crossine. artifici
Conference again mceU in Paris to settle
. !...: i a . rn.;n.i;i;a
ihe organization of the Principalities.
We condense the following frcm the
correspondence of the Panama Star :
The Persia War. The war with
Persia continues. The overland India
mail was delivered yesterday, (Jan. 16th,)
' but fails lo impart much information. A
I portion of the English force was aliout lo
' march upon C't'ul, aud Ihe fall of la-
tho side- of Truth in every issue
shire was early expected. The Persian
troops are marching upon Candahar. The
Knglish-Psrsinn Gulf licet was last heard
of at Muscat and would proceed to Ber
mui'a Abbas, on the Persian side of ihe
Gulf, as Iho rendezvous fora fleet of forty
fivo sail, with 5070 soldiers, of whom 2270
were European, 3750 followers of the camp
11 JO horses, and 430 bullocks. The wri
ter says:" Whilst the war is thus pro
ceeding, it may be necessary lo stato that
according to report the Thnh of Persia has
applied to the Czar of Russia for advice
and aid. Ominous as appearances are,
I cannot think that Russia will endanger
herself with anothor rupture with England.
It must, however, be observed that the
Russian fleet has proceeded to the Caspian
Sea and occupied several Islets, but this
will be found to be in accordanee with an
old treaty. The mere fact of the mailer
is almost sufficient, however, to giro some
coloring to the impression which is apt to
prevail, that Russia either covertly or
openly will aid Porsia."
Settlement of tub Nedfcuatel Ques
tion. A letter from Berlin, dated Jan.
loth, says:" It is known here that Swit
zerland has consented to arrange the No-
ufchatel affair, and that the Royalist pris
oners are to be set at liberty this day.
The release of the prisoners enables Pius-
sia lo enter on negotiation, but tbe bases
of the terms are all that is at preseut de
cided on. As tho King's claims on Ncuf
chatel were sanctioned nt formal Congress
es by all the great European powers, il
is said his Majesty will demand that the
new arrangement shall bo settled by a
CoDgres", to assemble, perhaps, at Frank
fort or Carlsruhe."
Il is a fuct, not generally known, that
the origin of wheat and other cereals is
involved in obscurity, for the old notion
that wheal indigenous iu Central Asia,
that starting point of the human race, has
been explored by the researches of mod
ern botanists. History informs us when
our forefathers first began to cultivato tho
carrot, gooseberry, currant, asparagus beet
root and strawberry; but is silent as to
when wheat, rye, oats, barley, beans, maiz,
cucumbers and melons, were known only
ns indigenous plants. Nowhors do the
cereals exist as native: nowhere havo
ihey shown a tendency to run wild. If
not preservud by human labor thry would
apparently perish allorrelhcr.
In a late number of the Kdinburg Re
view, an able papor is devoted to discuss
ing the origin of the cereals, especially of
wheat. The writer states that there are
two theories upon this subject. One con
siders races of plants to be immutable,
and holds, therefore, that wheat existed
once, nay I may still exist, indigenously,
somewhere. The older maintains that iho
cereal, as at preseut known, has been de
veloped by cultivation. This is the opin
ion held by tho writer in the Review, who
even specifies tho pnrltcular plant from
which wheat has originated, a grass grow
ing wild on Ihe shores of tho Mediterra
nean, and known to botanists by tho name
of u gilops.
In confirmation of this hypothesis may
be adduced by ths fact, that, wherever the
early history of the cultivation of a spe
cies is known, it is found that man has
first applied to his use a plant growing wild
about him. He discovers somo berry, for
example, whose taste ho likes; and in
order lo have it more plentifully begins to
cultivate it; the cultivated plant improves
upon Ihe original one ; he sows seeds from
the best specimens ; and at last a borry is
obtained, so superior to tbo one ho first
found growing wild, that it could not he
possible lo trace its origin, if the process
had not taken plnca under his own obser
vation. Analogous to this, it is fair to pre
sume, has been the origin of wheat. In
fact, a French botanist, reasoning In this
way, and observing many striking points
of rosemhlanca between the n:gilops nnd
wheat, undertook to develop the latter from
the former, and by saving, year nfier year1,
the seed from such plants as appeared to
approach nearer to its object, actually suc
ceeded tn his object. The plant, thus ob
tained, still continues to be cultivated, both
by him and by others, and to yield real
bona fide wheat.
The opponents of the development
thereof, however maintain that the plant
on which this experimentalist worked, was
an accideutal hybrid, or cross, hetween the
agilops and the wheat e Towing in adjacent
fields. In favor of this view thev adduce
ally tonducUd, similar results have been
I .. , .
produced, un tne oilier nana, natural
On the other
hybrids, between grasses, are as yet un
known lo botanist. Moreover, when dif
ferent sorts of wheal are grown together,
they never cross. A still more conclu
sive proof is the fact 1 1ml hybrids are rare
ly mainiained beyond tbe second geucia
lion without an infu-ion of new vigor from
the parent stock, in wbivh esse a gradual
One uare (13 linn or lew) on insertion, ZJM
- - two Inmrtirnw, 4,00
- - Uirce hwrtirim, 6,00
Kaeh nilMuiint liucrtion, 1 ,1X1
Uunnalile deductions to who advt-rtiae by
Ths rannirroa or vita AltOl'8 is lurrv
Iu Inform the puklie dial lie has ju4 received a
large rtark of Jolt TYl'K aud oilier new print
ing matt-rial, Slid will b ia Ihe sjiraly iwraipt irt
oilillliiiiu muled lo all die nmirniaUi of thia b
cnliiy. IIANDIIIUX. IHINTKIIH, HJ.ANKR
CAKP8, CIKCUI.AIW, rAMl'lll.KT-WUIUv
and "tiler kinds. June lo ordrr, no (lion notice.
assimilation to tho latter occurs. Hence,
if the experiment which we have quoted
had oiiginuled in a natural cross between
(he mgilops and wheal, iho hybrid would
either Lava perished after a year or I wo, or
have returned lo its original type.
Il is probable, therefore, that whett
novel exinled wild, but has been developed
by cultivation fiom a rude plant. Tho
Edinburg reviewer, after reviewing the
question iu every aspect, comes lo this
opinion at last, nnd says nothing can shako
Irs conviction unless wheat should b
found really giowing wild in somo ravin
of Central Asia. Fhiladrljihia Ltdyer.
Xuntrout Death from Vretillt.
Tbe present winter has been excessive.
ly cold in Iowa. We copy the following
record of deaths from freexing within tha
last fortnight in Iowa and Minnesota:
Il is rumored five men were frozen to
death near Bradford, a fortnight since. A
pariy of eleven mon were, il is said, frozen
lo death in Minnesota. A man was found
frozen below Osage. Two teamsters were,
it is thought, frozen lo death in the same
That a daughter of W. McCrary, liv.
ing near Linn Grove In this eounty, was
frozen to death on Sunday evoning last.
The girl is supposed to be aheut 18 years
old, and was going home from a neighbor's
when overcome with by the intense cold,
she was unablcd to reach her home or ob
tain assbtnnco, and thus perished in tbo
In the late storm several have been fro
sen to death. Among tho number was a
young man living near Blue Grass in Mus
caliuo county, nnd an old man near Onion
Grovo in this county. We have hoard, al
so, that a whole family, consisting of a
man, wife and three childron, ware frezon
to death near Onion Grove.
That two men, Norwegians, living just
this side of Fort Atkinson, were frozen to
lenth duriugthe storm of ihe 3d inst ; also,
a boy about twelve years of ago, who left
Howard on the same day for Howard Cen
ter, and bus not since been heard of. Mr.
Wm. Rice, who was out iu the same storm,
died ou the 1 till inst.
The Dubiiquo R- publican thinks that
not less than fifty lives, in the last twenty
day-, have been lost in that way in north
ern Iowa and southern Minnesota and to
these may bo added many more in other
Sta ei, but not of so frequent occurrence.
The Baltimore Sun, of the 10th, says :
Srvkrr Suffering of a Missionary.
We have already given accounts of the
sufferings and death of several persons by
the in time cold weather in several parts
of Iowa. Wo have now before us a loiter
from the Rev. Alfred Bronson, superinton
dint of ihe Methodist Mission at Prairie du
Chien, duted the 31st of Dccomber, in
which he encloses a letter from one of hia
assistants, tho Rev. Mr. Knibbs, of which
ihe following is a copy:
" Eaolk Point, Deo. 30.
"Itcii. Sir: I am sorry lo have to in
form you of a misfortune I have mot with,
vis: L'tittiiiR lost in the trackless snow of
Crawford ceiinty woods. I started on Tues
day morning, December 2 J, from the Lath-
roi selllumotil for lluney Valley, lo attend
service there on Wndnosdoy. But I hail
not proceeded Hir beuire my horse s legs
were covered with blood from going
through Iho crust on tho snow. I tried
every possible means to induce him to keen
on, both by walking before him and break
ing tho crust, and by dnving, without
avail ; so I had to tio him to u tree and go
in search of n house Mr. Brown's; but it
was nenr night, and I could not fiud it,
though I knew il was not fur off. In thia
hut nnd bewildered stute I wandered about
for five nights and four days, without
seeing or hearing a living being or habi
tation, and with nothing to eat or drink, un
til I got hereon Saturday night with just
enough of life lo be numbered among the
Mr. Bonion says that at Prairie duChien
immense snow storms have fallen, and that
the present winter is the most severe he
lias experienced on the frontier during hia
residence there, which hot been for twenty
Printing Officb Loafbrs. Tbe fol
'owing, from an Eastern paper, ia sensible
the last, and deserves a wide circuta.
"A pi inting office, is like a school it
can have no interlopers, bangerson, or
tWtf 'iJlers, without n serious inconvenience,
In aav tv.il.iiuf ,C Icmi lime, which is iust
- much gold'lo le printer, as if mcullio,
ally glittering in his hand. What would
h nf man who would enter a
school, and twaddle first with tho teacher,
aflU men lin mo BtmMaiB, iiiivriuiiiiir
.. . if r l l 1. : .1 j: :
tne BlU'lies "I ("if, nnu urenni- ino uisci
nlm ,f ilia niherl And vet. this is tha
eflVci of ihe loafer in Ihe printing-office.
ii i - .... .1
lie seriously iiiieriurca win, na course oi
business, distracts the fixed attention which
is necessary to the good printer, and the
interest of every establishment. No real
man ever sacrifices the interest, or inter,
feres with the duties of others. The
loafer does both. . Let him think, if thought
ho ever b.i", that iho last place bo should
ever insinuate his worthless and uawslcoro
preseuce into, is the priming office,