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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View Entire Issue (March 14, 1857)
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V Weekly Xewjmicr, devoted to the Principle's of Jcffcrsonmn Democracy, nnd fiilvucatintf tho hide of Truth iu every kiie.-
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THE OKKUON ARGUS.
ri'ni.Kimu avenv Hii'mxr uwtsisn,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
tiT Tho following communication was
written 1 a young laborer, alio I" more
used (o handling tlio plow than llio pro
He lia correct views in regard to tho sub
ject on which ha writes, and wo let hi ar
tide go in :
Lrm.io, O. T., Feb. 11, 1337,
Mr. Adams ll I generally behoved
that Oregon is soou to Income a State, nnd
with it comes tho question, Freo or slave
Stale liberty to all or part of our com.
munity slaves to tho other part and
whether labor shall bo thought honorable
or be thought a disgrace.
"Tho abstract and transient fact" of sin
very is futnlly united with tho "physical
and permanent" fact of color. " A century
Lad scrcely elapsed after tho foundation
of the colonics when ilia attention of tha
planters" was struck by tho fact thnl the
"provinces which were comparatively drs
lituie" of slaves, increased in population,
"woalth, and prosperity more rapidly than
llioso which contained slaves."
This truth is moro satisfactorily shown
on the banks of thn Ohio. "On either
bank the air is wholesome, the climato
mild, an J each of them forms a frontier of
a Siato." That which follows the wind,
ings en the lft is called Kentucky, that on
tho opposite side is called Ohio. "These
States differ only in one respect;" Ken
tucky has admitted slavery, nnd Ohio ha
prohibited it. 'Thus tho traveler who
floats down tho Ohio river to the spot
where it enters into the .Mississippi, may bo
said to sail' between freedom and sluvery.
In Kentucky labor is 'coupled with the
idea of sluvery,' but in Ohio it is idonti.
fied with that of prosperity and industry.'
On the Kentucky side labor is degraded,
on the Ohio side it is honored. On the
Kentucky sidj fewer white lab irors can
'bo found, foi they nro nfraid of placing
themselves on a level with thn negro;' on
the Ohio sidu no ono is idle, ' for tho white
population extends its activity mid intelli
gence to all kill' Is of employment.'
If the people of Oregon decide in favor
of slavery, then we may hid farewell to all
enterprise We would scorn not only labor
but all the improvements which h.bor pro.
motes in a short time. It is true wc should
not be obliged to pay wages to tho slaves,
but we shoulJ dcn'vo small profits from
their labor, while On the oth-r hnnd the
wtis paid to freo woibncn would bo re
turned with interest in the value of their
ervicc. 1 Tho frac workman is paid, but
he does his work quicker than the slave,
and rapidity of execution U ono of the
great elements of rconomy. Wo would
hire the freo workman only when hi work
would bo required. Hut the slave could
claim no remuneration for his work, but
tho 'expense of hi maintenance would be
perpetual.' Tho slavo must bo supported
in old age as well as in tho prims of life,
in his profitless infancy as in the productive
years of youth, and in the end tho slave
has cost more than the five laborer, nnd
his labor is less productive.
, Then it is timo wo were up and doing to
keep this institution of slavery, which
would ba so prejudicial to us, from amongst
" Speak, ye nralurs of I'Ve.lom !
Ia )''jr Umnder shsko" these "plains ;
Wine, y."1 "lite of Freedom !
Let' jour I'-'htu'w'' meet the "chains j
Up, y inns of h ilgrim. tin" I
Up, or blessed I 'm ii'1"'
Slavery is a curse to a fivo population,
1j degrading labor and detasir'a the dig.
mily of manhood. Freemen of Oregon!
"you or your children" will want ti.'s great
unsettled emintry for your future ho.Ttes.
""J3ul if yeu lot slavery seize the prize, yw'U
Are duiuboriieJ forever," for free and slave
labor can never exist together. Then be
up and a doing., and do not a ait tii! it is
I will stop for -tho present, subscribing
myself Uncle Fuller.
ILcpabllcaw MM; It Vmimna.
At a mass meeting of the citizens of
Umpqun county, Oregon, held at tha Wil
on school-house on the 1th of Feb., 18-T7,
oa motion of Mr. Cowan, I amss Miller
was elected president, and E. 1.. AfPLE
" By motion of the president, E. L. Apple
gate was chosen to state the object of the
Tho presiJent said it was in order now
to present anything the citizens might de
sire make any motion or offer resolutions,
for the consideration of the meeting.
E. L. Applegate offered to present some
The motion b?ing seconded and allowed,
Lo read the following :
JJJ3 CMPtTA COXSTiTmOSlL DEPUULtCAS
In the event of Oregon's taking her po.
ition among the S'a'es of tha Union as
one oi i:s sovereign powers, as ime
Citizens of tha Lni:ed S'ates and
founders of a new republic wo will la
called upon to discharge a greit and sajrtd
duty, hio'i in tha course of lima it de
volves oo fewloperfrm, involving cprtiin
pbligitios hiv! n.'.m yws lo Uj-I, to
country, and posterity, requiring us to en.
tablish those principles anil institution
best calouluted to promote the happiness
mid prosperity of tho citizens and secure
the oljects for which governments are in
stituted among men,
III view of theso obliL'Dlions nnd resnon-
sihilities, as citizens of this Teriitoty, at
such juncture, and fully appreciating thn
sacrcducss of llio duties devolving upon us,
wo solemnly believo that nl1 party jealous
ics and political di onto upon general or
coininon mutters and questions of legisla
tion should be laid aside, and nothing set
forth ami considered as qualification,
guide, and instruction, under the para
mount circumstances of lay me the found
ation nud organizing a free body politic for
the mutual benefit, advancement, and pro
tection of the governed, except the consti
tutional and fundamental principles of a
trua nnd genuine republican government.
J!y tho Lons'.iiulioti s guarantying a re
publican form of government to the States
arising upon tho territories ot llio l.iulcil
Stales, nnd the nits and ordination of Con
gress, we are sullied to tho supreme power
of the Federal Government and citizen of
the United Stat'-s ; nnd with veneration for
the wisdom and patriotism of our for?,
fathers, wc gratefully acknowledge our ob
ligations and allegiance to the General Gov
ernment ; believing in the right nnd just
ness of that supreme power bcinz extended
and maintained for the purpose of pre
serving the purity of our institutions, the
equal rights, peace, nud happiness of the
citizens, and the general honor and char
acter of our nation.
If all men were liue, faithful, and patri
otic, tho people would have no struggle or
war in maintaining, extending, nud estab
lishing new States, wish tho old, patriotic.
and philanthropic objects; of securing the
greatest amount of advantage, benefit, anil
happiness to iUe wholo people, instead of,
to a favored fuw. The prime rights of
man, as set forth in thn I (relaxation of In
dependence nnd maintained in the Revolu
tion, would never bo invaded, nnr sacred
compacts broken through, nor laws ami
ordinances extended to preserve the purity
of our principles and the justness of our
institutions violated with impunity ; and
thn whole groat Government of the United
States would, w'nhoiit inconsistency onlis
cord, evenly, grandly, and harmoniously
move forward, lint ihero are many had,
faithless, and dangerous men in the world,
men who aro selfi.-h and ambitious, who
work with polities, principles, institutions,
religion, nnd men like they were, tools,
things of property, with tho solo olgectsof
gratifying their own desires, regardless of
the rights, interest, wishes, or happiness of
other. And, as hi t j born, such men aie
no v lu'ioring in politics exclusively for of-
f?oo, lucre, power, nnd PTsni' ra'ilcn-
lion; nnd innovations have been made
uinn the prime nnd constitutional rights of
citizens, cohtiadic'ions have been perpetra
ted upon our institutions. Constitution, law,
nnd order io!atcd, end awed compacts
broken through ; and then lore as a conso
quenco of. this corruption, discord, war,
and misery liavo followed; and now that
o may prevent und avoid these same and
other innovations i:pon and departures
from tho original designs nml intentions of
the founders of our republican principles
unit institution, is our huinhlo oliject and
intunt ion in nilopting this Cuuslilutionni
H'e therefore declare the rightful nnd
legitimate obj'cts fir which governments
nro in iiiiited among men are i
1. Tho mutual and eii:il protection of
lile, liberty, conscience, character, aurl
!i. Tlie mutual power lo carry out great
improvements for tho general benelit, con
venience, and advancement of tho whole
I). Tho mutual power of encouraging,
Advancing, nnd promoting art, science, and
general education, morality and industry ;
4. Tho mutual power and riht to pre
vent nnd prohibit any nnu all actions, do
ings, habits, and passions, which evidently
have n direct tendency lo impair the hap
piness, and degrado and dcmoralizo the
5. The mutual power to fcctiro the
prime objects of a government : protection,
peace, happiness, and prosperity to the
whole community i
C. The mutual power to consist in the
vcice of the majority of the citizens, or in
a boify representing that power delegated
by them ;
And wLen the machinery, institutions,
departments, or offices, or a government
become destructive of, or fail to bring
about, or accomplish, thesa ends, it is the
right nnd duly of tho people to mutually
change, remodel, and reconstruct the said
machinery, institutions, departments, or
oflkes, in any mannrr w hich to them may
appear best calculated to accomplish the
just and proper ends. And in view of the
great advantages and blessings secured to
each individual in and by the body politic,
we consider that each citizen is bouud to
All the rest in a solemn compact of honor
and duty to use his vote expressly f 'r the
public good making it the paramount
nnd ruling principle to vote for men for
ofiices of honor and trust who are horest
and capable. This e believe to be a sa
cred duty nnd principle, and if citizens do
not scrupulously nnd conscientiously net
upon it t!iy will fjil to secure tho objcts
of governments. For dishonest and inca
pable politicians will crcep iuln tho oHices
and departments, tho public affairs be neg
lcc'ed and confuted, ihe people oppressed
nnd robbe.1, merit go unrewarJcd, and the
offices and community dishonored.
IWieving these to be the prime or con
stitution!.! principle! of republicans and a
republican government, we feel bound to
snppirt them and those holding and main
taining them; but wa declara that men
and principles opposed to these we cannot
and m uot poUicaiiy support
otioneJ anl te -ended that the !
plutform be adopted, it was after somo dis
cussion and explanation adopted.
N. W. Allen presented the following res
Resolved, That the institution of human
hondngo or slovery is a violation of the
foregoing p.ineiples, nnd that establishing
the slave trade.
On motion and second, it was unani
Tho president presented the following
Resolved, That ahtvery is not only on
evil, but if established in Oregon it would
bo a grent injury to the prosperity and ad -
vsncement ot mo people now and for all,
tune to come.
On motion and second, it was unnni-
On motion of N. W. Allen, and second
of V, II. Wilson, M. L. Applegate was
eicctcd to represent tho mcnting in the
N W. Allen motioned that a county
committee be elected. It was agreed to,
and the following citizens were elected a
committee: Mr, Lord of Scottnburg. Mr.
Stephens of Calnpooia, Rev. Mr. Parker of
Green Valley, and Mr. Cowan of Voncalla.
ttn motion, it was resolved that these
proceedings be published in the Standard,
Argus, Oregoniun, and 1'acifio Christian
On motion, tho meeting adjourned.
JAMES MILLER, IWt
E. L. APPLBUATE, Sec'y.
The Vuluie of the tailed til ales.
Tho N. Y. Courier and Fnquircr shows,
by recent and reliable data, that in the Uni
ted States there were nt least 113,000,100
of acres of land under cultivation in the
vearlSoO. It is reasonable to suppose.
from the active demand since for agricul
tural products, that llio quantity has now
increased to 130,030,001) or 113,000,000.
It is hero that Ihe main sources of our pro
gress as a nation will hereafter mainly lie J
and it is here that we havo such a strong
hold upon Western Europe. There is no
limit to the product of cotton, tobacco, rice,
hemp, and grains, in our Southern nnd
On lheother hand, Orcat Britain is lim
ited in its means of cultivation of agricul
tural staples ; and while her ttrength lies
"bviously in her machinery, wo have, and
will conlinuo to have, nniplo facilities for
tho exchange of products. In 1S54 sgri.
cultural slatiftics wero supplied by somo
dozen counties in England and Wules, and
the acreage of the whole country was cal
culated from theso returns. 13y bringing
the facts reported in the Scottish and Irish
returns for tho same year into comparison,
we obtain the following results, which it
may be useful lo throw into a tubular form :
Unaccounted for, 15,237,001
Let us compare the above with the am
ple products of the United States, and which
are increasing nt the rate of five or ten
per cent, annually :
ImwIs actually cultivated in Ihe several
Crops of the United Stales, 1849-50.
Indian corn, 31,1100,000
Meadow or pasture lands, 20,000,000
Peas and beans, 1,000,000
Irish potatoes, 1,000,000
Sweet " 750,000
Hemp, - 110,000
Other products, 1,000,000
Improved, but nut in actual cul
Total improved lands, 113,032,014
This aggregate is only one-seventeenth
of the whole area of our country, which,
in round numbers, may be estimated at
3,000,000,000 of acres 1
We refer to the following appropriate
remarks, by ex-President J jhn Tyler, upon,
the commercial growth of thocountry :
"Who can undertake, at this day, to
estimate the probable amount of our ex -
ports and imports at the end of the present '
1 1 . ....
period of twenty-five years? Already
trade, breaking through new channels, be-
fins to empty into our lap the treasures of,
India, and when the great tide which bears
that commerce ujion it shall haie actually
set in, as ii assuredly will, you may meas
ure the wu'ersof llio ocean, nnd count the
stars in tho firmament, but arithmetic fails
in the elfort to culcu'uto tho extent of
weul Ii which will flow inlo our cities.
j Ancient Tyro, but a iik w penin.u!
joycJ rivul of that trade, ami hIk
into tho most mighty of cities; Venice
and Genoa in the course of timo possessed
it, and their Urges pr"chiimod them the
brides of the sea, Dut, say ye. who shall
toreitii llio tuture, ye vcmrablo seers, ir.
any such there be now on this earth, what i
, d'wry b'l equal that of Amorica, when
1 tho Atlantic shall have fully wedded the
Pacific ! '
Vhat da oa Think or Itau I'letutsl
The following very interesting allusions
to a few facts which have doubtless come
under tho observation of many of our
reuilers, we clip from the Louisvillo Jour
nal. When taken in connection with the
vote of the Fivo Points, (Buchanan 570,
Fillmore 13, Fremont 17.) as contrasled
with tho overwhelming Republican vote
of what iho Washington Union whines
over as "priest-ridden New England," it
will furnish matter for a litllo serious fire
sido reflection to nil such democrats as be
lieve that tho stability and prosperity of
tho government depend upon the virtue
nnd intelligence of our public:
Figures aro stubborn truth', nud, dry as
stutisiics .may lo, we beg our renders to
glanco over a few comparisons and mark
tho result. 1 he iSllith District of Illinois,
which has well earned the soubiiquet of
r.gypt, gave in the late election 13,.
MO "votrs for Buchanan, 4,315 fr Fill
more, 219 for Fremont. In thut District
there are 1 0,0 13 while males nlioc-c 2 1 years
vf nrt who can neither read uor write.
In Virginia, the counties of Barbour,
Boone, Botetourt, Carrol, Chesterfield, Din
widdie. Floyd, Franklin, Halifax, Hamp
shire, Isle of Wight, Lee, Lewis, Marion,
Mecklenburg, MonongahelnNoi folk, Pen
dletoti, I'resion, Prince William, Rocking
ham, Russell, Shenandoah, Scott, Taze
well, Warren, Wetzel nnd Wythe gtivo
27,810 rorltuchnnan, and 10,550 for hill
more. In those counties there are 30,135
white males ahors'21 years of aye who can
neither read nor write. The brightest
jewels of this Democratic coronet aro
Rockingham, K'issrll, Shenandoah, Taze
well, und Wctzrl, which gave 1,330 lor
Fillmoro and 7,071 fur Buuhnnnn, whilst
0,720 'till grown white men in these counties
wre as ignorant as the tlaccs ir'to sur
We could multiply such examples with
out number in evory S'alo whtra rank
Democracy prevails, but we pref ir making
a comparison of the strong Democratic
and American counties in our own Stato.
Let us look nt the record. We shall
then bo convinced that something should
be done to eradicate the foul mmister
which now preys upon tho vitals of our
country and will in tho end, if let ulour,
surely destroy it.
The cunties of Boone, Bmirbsn, Doyle,
liracken, Breckinridge, Clarke, J'nvetlo
Garrard, Hancock, Henderson, Jclloison,
Laurel, Lincoln, Logan, Meade, Mason,
Pendleton, Rockeastlo, Shelby, Todd,
Warren, nnd Woodford, gave 23,830 for
Fillmore and 15,133 for Buchanan.
In these counties, with an aggregate
white population of 207,053, thero are
only t,()U6 white persons over 21 years
of ago who cannot read and write.
The counties of Adair, Allen, Bath,
Caldwell, Calloway, Carter, F.dmondson,
Estill, Floyd, Crnves, Cirayson, Dart,
Hickman, Hopkins, Letcher, Marion,
Marshall, Mercur, Morgan, Nelson, Owen,
Owsley, Perry, Pike, Scott, Taylor, Trigg,
and Washington gave 11,419 for Fillmore,
and 21,205 for Buchanan; and in them,
out of a whito population of 103,340,
there are 24,150 over 21 years of age who
can neither read nor write.
In ihe American counties, containing
14,307 more whites that tho Democratic
counties mentioned, there are but a little
moro than one-third as many white per
sons over 21 years old who are ignorant
of tho first rudiments; of education.
But to make the comparison more ftrik-
ing we take the banner county of each
party. Mark tho contrast :
unable lo rend
Fill. Buck, or write. White pop.
Owen co. (I).) 5.-. I 1,179 &70 &,Ki
Log.inco.(A) 1.G13 5Uti CI 10,750
In the banner county of Democracy
one in every ten white inhabitants is unable
to read or write. In the banner county of
Americanism only one in every one hun
dred and seventy nme is so deplorably ig'
norant. Such statistics need no comment.
They teach a lesson of themselves.
The True English FeelUg Towards the
There is A class of journnls in America
finding their counterpart in England,
which industriously labor to cultivate un
kind feelings between the people of these
two countries, to tench each to look upon
the other as their enemies, praying for mis
fortune and ruin to come upon them.
Though party policy may be sorved by
such tanning of old embers of feeling,
jthere is nothing thst can redeem it from
essential wickedness in either party that
! resort to it. The truth is far dilfercnt,
and is growing more so with every day of,
-.1 I A :.-1t. .... 1 ! .
commercial, social nnu inieucciuai iiuer-
course, between the people of the two
countries. Mr. 1 illmore, one of the edi-
tors of the London Times, was a guest at!
the recent dinner of the New Knglanjl
Society of New York, at the Astor (louse,
and in his speech thus vindicated the true
feeling of F.oglfltid towards America.
"The opinion hud been Indulged that
the crew of the "May Flower" wero io.
lated among llio peoplo from horn they
departed; but ho was sure they left bo-
hind them a mass of sentiment correspon
ding with that which went with them
W hen wo 8rn told they were driven hith
er by persecution, it is true; but when it
is said that the sentiment of Gncland con
curred in tho net of expulsion, do mt be
iove it. 'i'U9 fofnf, tiey 0f, behind was
one of hope was one of exultation when
they succeeded. The good feeling of Kng.
land had alnnrs been on the side of the
Pilgrims. If yon are told, said thesneak
er, that England wishes lo see you divid
ed, dissevered and broken, do not bclioto
it. We do not believe that one star of
your constellation i'l ever be torn from
your flag. The two branches of tho An
gin Smon race aro destined to ho the eivi.
hzars nnd conquerors of the world. You,
by your railroads, urge your wav In the
West; wa go lo llio Indiei and tiio East,
and together we shall encircle the world,
till John nnd Jonathan meet under llio
walls of the Chinese Empire." (Vocifer
oua cheering, and nine cheera fur " Old
England nnd New")
Chapter ea Gea. Jacksoa.
Hon. John Barney, of Baltimore, son of
llio Commodore distinguished in the Revo,
luticn, is preparing for the press a work en.
tilled " Fifiy Years of Events political,
poetical, historical with Anecdotes of Re.
morkablo Men." Tha following chapter,
ihorefrom, relating to General Jackson,
will prove interesting, nnd give nn idea of
the style of the work :
Isaw for tho first time, nt a ball given ot
the Baltimore Assembly, in 1816, in lion,
or of the hero of Now Orleans, the stern,
intellectual countenance, and, when light
ed up by a smile full of benignity and bo
tievolence, tho never to be forgotten fea
tures of General Andrew Jackson,
An incident engrossed tho attention of
oil the mail then required six to eight
hourj to track its weary way from theenpi.
tal to Baltimore.
Dawn's early light was just gilding the
horizon, when it was announced tlmt Gen
eral Lncock, of Pennsylvania, had that day
moved in tho Sennto a resolution censur
ing, in strong terms, tho execution of Ar
b'.ithnot and Ambdstcr.
Fire uVlud indignant from the eves
of the hero patriot.
"By the Eternal, I will havo tho ras
cal's ears off heforo twenty-four hours;"
then, with a bland nnd courteous smile, ha
said to tho managers, "will either of you
gentleman be so kind as to order mo a car
riage to lako mo to Washington 1"
His urbane, courteous manner was forth
with resumed, when he discovered the tre.
pidition created by his fierceness, and he
remnincd until tho close of the fete.
I had many interviews with him in
Washington during Iho Congressional con
test forlhc Presidency. Interlopers would
fnco themst Ives inlo his presence, telling
him that Mr. Clay said the greatest dan
ger to be apprehended to tho republic was
the accession of military chieftains to pow
er. Ho replied that the reul danger to the
republic was to bo apprehended from po
litical demagogues. I remarked. "Do
not, General, permit yourself to bo ex
cited by designing men."
Anollier would coma in nnd imperative
ly ask, " How is ihe election going, Goner.
id ?" to which he sternly replied, "I know
nothing about it; I don't read the news
papers, hut if I may be permitted lo judge
from the decline in tho number ef visitors,
my drospect of success diminish in an
equnl ratio." When elected to the Presi
dency, up to I he period of his arrival at
Frederick he exbressed the most firiendly
feelings toward Mr, Adams; ho sent kind
messages to him, slating tho season was so
inclement ho hoped ho would not remove
his family from tho White Houso until
milder weather ; that he was an old sol
dier, nccustomed to rougher quarters, was
now alone in the world, nnd could be com
The manifestation of those kindly feel
ings appalled his numerous disinterested,
devoted friends. Oo tho one day's jour
ney hia mind was poisoned against M. Ad-1
Bint by the insinuation that Mr. Adams
was the real editor of the , in which
the sacred name of his wife had been gross,
The chord was struok ; it vibrated in
discord through his frame ; the fell besom
of party proscription commenced ; tha
doctrine that " to the victors belongs tho
spoils'1 was consecrated, and has been the
One solitary exception was made, in fa
vor of James Dentty, of Baltimore; but
not permitted to bo consummate!. Cap
tain Isaac Phillips, a worthy and respect-
I able ofTicerJjf tho navy, had b en perempt
orily dismissed by the elder Adams for
permitting a British frigate to muster on :
deck the crew of an American sloop-of-war
under hia command to impress liritish
He applied to Gtacral Jackson to appoint
him to ollico in consideration of hia perse
cution by the elder Adams, and told him
that tho getiiloinan now holding the ap.
poiiiimeiii of Navy Agent at Baltimore
had held it many years. " That proves
him worthy of coiilMetiee," said the Gen
eril. "J then told him,' says Captain
Phillips, " (hut he was rich and did not re
quhe the ollico." M Then," replied the he
ro, "ho has no inducement (o be di. hon
est" the General a! tho while calmly
smoking his pipe, his feel resting on the
manllo piece. "I whs now," says tho
Captain, "in despair, and resolved to
make one last de- eralo effort : " I have
an aged wife," he p'e-ided, " we are fast de
clining into tho valhy of the ahadow of
death in wretched putrrty; this little of
fico would giro us the comforts of lif.i, ami
sped eiir downward path lo (he tomb.''
Ti e General dropped his fret to the floor,
laid his pipo on the table, called fur pen
and ink, wroto a no'o and handed it lo
Captain Phillips. " Hero's en order for
your appointment ; take it to the Secreta
ry of the Navy. If this little office is not
necessary to the comfort of its possessor,
and will make your aged wife nud yourself
happy, you shall have it."
"1 enrrird it," said Captain Phillips,
" to Governor Branch. Ho said, " Thank
God, yon are too lato; Mr. Beatty lias
been recommended by Gun. Smith and oth
er political friends of the administration as
nn officer of strict integrity, indefatigable
industry in every respect; his nomination
is now before I ho Semite of the United
Stales; you are loo lute; I won't recall
it." I returned to tho President nnd told
him tho result. "Ha won't recall it!
Then, by tho Eternal, I will. Mr.Secrcta.
ry, fill up a nomination for Captain Isaao
Phillips; carry it to tha Senate chamber,
recall the nomination of James Beatty, and
subsiituto the ono for l-.iao Phillips." In
a few minutes dipt. Phillips received Lie
He presented himself to Governor Branch
to receive his instructions, and to express
his gruliluded for the appointment. " Yon
owe mo nothing," said the Governor J " I
did nil in my power to prevent it. Gener
al Jackson is omnipotent ; ho rules in and
That distirguiohed statesman, Lewis
McL.ine, whom I first knew oa Chairman
of the Commitlee of Wnvs and Means,
then Minister to England, then Secretary
of theTreamry, then Secretary of State,
wii ning the ooiifiilenco und respect of all
who associated with him, eminent in abili
ty, thorefore most competent to judgo the
nbility of others, averred that Genornl
Jackson was a greater man than nny mem
ber of his Cabinet, past or present. I
fully concur with ti 'in . Ho withered and
annihilated every inai) who dnrcd to op
pose his iron will. Ho made and unmndo
Cabinets. lie buried in tho tomb of the
Capulets that leviathan, the Bank of the
UniledSiutes, nnd that distinguished finan
cier, that truly honest nud upright man,
Nicholas Biddle, dying of a broken heart.
Grief had sluin him his povorty vindi
cated his integrity,
General Jackson's prejudices, however,
were indomitable. On one occasion I im
plored the exercise of his influence in favor
of tha Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, urg
ing the benefits to accrue to tho rich val
ley of the Mississippi by the facility of in
tercourse with the Atlantic border. 'Sir,'
says he, " it is a rebellion against God.
If ihe Almighty had doaired lhat the pro
duce of the Wes'ern world should find its
market on the shore of the Atlantic, the
great rivers of the West would have flow- ,
cd in thnt direction.''
1 know too well how indexible was hia
opposition. When once resolved, argu
ment was unavailing; his iron will was as
firm as the Rock of Ages.
An Editor's Lifb. An "out West"
editor thus moralizes on the rouliueof edi
torial duties. Twelve years' constant ex
perience in tho "editorial chair does not
enable us to deny thn soft impeachment,"
but the comparisons have amused us some
what. "The poorest blind horse, in the most
uncompromising bark-mill, has his mo.
mrnls of relaxation. To him the sound
of the tannery bell, announcing noon, is a
tocsin of joy, and he looks forward with
grateful anticipation to his prandial oats
and mill-feed. Tho machine is stopped;
the unlubriealed gudgeons quaver out a
Inst speak and ceaao their complaining ;
the trace chain rattles over the animal's
back and he attempts a youthful canter as
he moves off, a happy horse. With him
there are no anticipatory woes ; ho works
in a rirclo, but a certain number of turns
are sure to bring a respite. But with tho
editor it is otherwise ; his life is, as Mr.
Mantilidu feelingly remarks, "one dein'd
grind ;" his machine never stops. Hot
weather, headaches, sickness at home, are
no relief to his perpetual routine, for Iho
paper must come out, and "cpy must ba