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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View Entire Issue (March 28, 1857)
THE OREGON AKGDS.
, , ruiuwuu KVKkr MTviuir aoaNixa,
. BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
One square (Vi lines or Una) one insertion, (.1,00
" ' two iiwrrtioua, -1,(10
" " time inn rtioiia, S.lm
Fach aulwrqiiriit luwrtion, l.llli
Koasmjablo deJuc.ium to those who advertise by
Oflicc-Good' Building, Main St.
nul Koom in lirst story,
TF.RMS-Tht A o ce rill In furnl.he.l at
Thru Vullart and Fifty ("enta pre miuunt,
to imiili mltrrikttt'l'hftt Duiturt
tur It cluhiuf tin at tint ojliet.
13" Tm Dollars for six iiwiithiSu mbicrip-
limn netitii far a Itu period.
HIT N fipf discoiitwurd until all arrtaraiiet
art paid, unltMi at tin option of tin puhlmktr.
JOB 1' R I N T I N ! .
Tin rsoraiKToa or tint AlUil'S it uarrr
to inform lbs ih:ic Ibat l.e baa jual received a
lar(a stork of .lull TVl'IC and O'.hrr new print
ing imtteriul, niul will b in the .pe!y rreeitit of
A Weekly NcwHjmper, devoted to tho Principles of Jeflersoninii Democracy, and advocating the tiido of Trutli iu every issue.
od litimia aiiiiril lo nil the requirpii.rn'a of llm li
culiiy. JIAMHHI.I.N. pdhTl lls, lil.ANKS
OREGON CITY, OREGON, MARCH 28, 1857.
taiuks t;u;ji i.akm, rA.unn.bT.MUiih
oi, d oilier kinds, dune to order, ou abort notice.
For iA Argui.
. Wheu time returns, what eouataut wavo
i BuSra tuorliiU to iba silent iit,
, I Li it (In day that guv mo birth.
Tli sunshouo bfighlly o'ar tin earth.
And feathered auuatcra wuka the day
, Willi mvIm of cheerful melody)
Arid though dark cloud of gloomy wrath
llave bovored o'vr lifa'a morning puth,
And dimiued in midday iuu with gloom i
' i'oilh mm tint tun whoae raya illume
My fuluro path beyond tlio cluudt,
. Wboaa Vapors roll their southern hroud,
, And early flowers of blise supreme
Return lo ble my waking drenn.
1 feel life's dwwt shades withdrawn,
My night io tiujred with ry dawn
Celoslli.1 blowoini uow appear
To crown with joy Iht rulliug year,
Mania wIiom celestial fruit and bloom
(bull Mill survive Karth'e day of doom :
Pouli thai ehall live eternally,
Villi pulnnof immortality
And clear and pure through Jen' Hood
Made one witli Christ and heire of God,
Ilia chusru occd, w hoe sovereign tuny
All crvutUM Licit shall jot otry.
, W.X.G .
Yonaulla, March Ut, 1857.
XiT No winder thin quondam old bnch
elor breaks out in kinging, when all at
Once lie finds hiinsulf plodding along
road lined with "plant" nnd "flowers" with
"souls." Sub IPgmine fayi, lie seems to
' have little tU to do but tune bin harp and
nurse liia "flowers." Those Umpqua gems
Socin to imlicatd a grent country out there.
Supposed Discovery of ibe Tower of Baud.
The following interesting particulars of
the supposed discovery of the ruins of the
loner of Isabel, we lake from tbo Boston
Traveler. The Traveler any tlmt ibo of
. c ; i ;.f p i . . .
nciui position oi u corre-nomietit, which
gives hint unusual opportunities and mcuns
'Of inrornitttioii, is a full guaranty of the
correctness and reliability of all bin state
Beirut, D.'c. 8j 1830.
It is nearly two years since tlmt I in-
formed your renders of the grand and in
Slruutive discoveries in ancient Nineveh,
iimdoby Mr. Placo, llio Fruieh Consul in
Mosul. Following uo llio researches of
Mr. Bottu nnd Mr. Lnvard; liu brought to
light monuments of thai long piitoinbed
city, which equally amazed nnd delighted
the world. A iiiun of genius nnd enthusi
asm, ho was eiiconri'.J ,y Kucccso-a in
txteiid Li. irseaiclies, which ho now cIoms
with an achievement w hich, if his opinion!)
shall be verified, will mid imperishable lus
ter in his name. The Tower of Dabel w as
supposed to exist only as o ISillicul sou
venira thing of memory and not of sub
stujico. And, indeed, to many who con
templ.ite.l it only in its audacity and f. illy,
it wjumcd a myth or a fancy only of Urieii
tal iiu:iiiiatiuii'ss or (superstition. Du
aides, no locality was asiyued lo the struc
ture, except tlio great plain of Sliinar, und
no debris o ruins rctnaincd as the proof of
in veritable reality.
JIow surprising, then, Its discovery, if
discovery I: shall prove tbut Titanic struc
ture, whoso b.ise was laid in tlio earth yet
Rouked with the waters of trie flood, nnd
whoso summit was designed to pierco the
very heavens! And by not discovered i
Nineveh lias yielded up its secrels after a
Winl of lon' centuries. Babylon, once
, the glory of llio Chaldean' excellency, has
"opened her gates ngain, if not to her Per
sian besiecrs, at least to the living gen
e ration, of all races, and in her cylinder
Lo-hs oir.fi Iter history to the world's in
tpcc!ion. What remained for discovery iu
the w reck and ruin of the old world, but
Babul, tho mighty tower, which w as do
xigncd to pierce the skies, und defy a second
deluge If it seems too much for belief,
what should bo thought incredible, when
Nincveliand Dabylon nre brought back to
the land of tho living by a sorl of resur
rection, and their monuments of art are
traveling through llio nations to amaze and
dnjiglil mankind I
jDc&iJe, ibure is a providenco lo lo trac
ed in these disoverice. They serve not
.only to arouse, but to instruct ihey not
'Only g'fcHify the cuncsity, but establish
ibcyond all doubt nnd controversy the ve
racily and inspiration of the Sacred Rec--ords.
The light of puro Christianity be
gins to beam upon the early seats of the
human race; it is meet that it shoulJ be
met by the light of the remotest antiquity.
The substance of the information which
Lai just been circulated relating to lie (lis- J
covcry of the Tower of Babel, I will give
in a few words, expecting soon to receive
fuller details, at the same time remarking
thai the French Consul Genera! of Beirut,
Mr. Lcsfps, has received various curious
articles which were found in the Tower,,
which I hope soon to see and describe. 1
think my hand, if not my heart, will fairly
tremble, if once it take hold of the sbov.
la, the trowels, and tbo hods, used by
llwseolJ mason and builders.
The village of A r be In, so famous in his-
...... t . - .1. i i t l. :.
tuij iur me ueuisive u.uiie lougni near ii
If Darius and Alexander, is only a few
days' j?uru.?y from Ij'uI, to tvbicb Ir '
Pli.ee, Weuritd with I ho monotonous won
ders of Nineveh, set oil" with Lis aceu
loined euiliusiusin in tenrcli of new discov
eries, in a region cih braled in claxsical his
tory. On Ida wuy an incident occurred,
which proves lo what a degree the stato.
mcnts of history respecting the locality
uro tho simple truth. The escort of Mr.
Place dismounted when I hey reached the
field of Arbulu, following the exuinplo of
tbu Consul, who wisLeJ lo ttudi) tbo bat-
lie-field ; and this Lo was obliged to do
Handing, as Turkish etiquotlo puruiits no
one to remain sealed in hi suddlu. Soon,
however, he mounted again, in order to
soour the plain, and the escort did the same,
except a singly. Turk of enormous propor
t'ons, who followed on foot, pufiieg and
bathed in sweat. Mr. Tlace, pitying him
for Lis sad plight, asked him if he did (Lis
because bo preferred walking to riding.
"By no means," replied the Turk ; ''but
I nin unable to remount my horse, because
I need the help of a sioue in order lo re
gain my stirrup, and who can find a single
stony in all the plain of Gingurnella 1"
Now, it is well known that Darius cm
ployed 300,000 men for many days in lev
eling this plain, and in breaking whatever
would interpose an obstacle to Lis cavalry
nnd chariots of war. In the ceuterof the
old batlle.ficld of Arbela rises a hill of
colossal dimensions, whose object the party
vainly conjectured, thinking it might be a
tomb, or a triumphal monument, or more
likely both. Unfortunately they Lad not
time toexamluo it, nor tho appliances nec
essary fur exploring it.
Passing on, Mr. Flues and his parly at
length discovered what they believed to be
no'hing less than the veritable remains of
the Tower of liabd the wonder of won
ders, and tho grandest spectaclo which the
eyes of men can contemplate in this nge
of the world. This proud tower, which
was built in dt fiance of Heaven, and aim
ed to pierce the very skies, has lo-t, in tho
course of ages, its cloud-reaching elevation.
Sis of its eight stories have fallen and
crumbled into dust: but the two which
remain are so high that Ihey mny bo scat
fur fifty or sixty miles arouni. The base
of the tower is quadrangular, nnd
each side about six hundred feel lonir.
The tower is mudo of bricks of tho pu
rest clay nnd of a white color, which is
a little shaded with a yellow tint. Under
a clear sun, nnd as a whole, this ancient
monument of human bIuII and daring pre
srnts a fine blending nf colors, which sets
the painter's pullet at defiance. Before
being buk'd, the bricks had been covered
with charcclora traced w ith the accuracy of
the hand of a writing master. Near the
top of the tellers the straight strokes wcro
adornrd with flourishes rcscmblins lh
lends of i.ails. All was neut, regular and
severe; and, uuJoi'iI, thoso who saw llnse
sj ccitiicns of ancient calligraphy aflirm
at ihu fcilmrs of tho huinuii racs wrote
better hand than their children.
Another curious fact arrested the attcn-
lioti of the cvplorirg party. Tho sacred
record ran thus: "And it came to pass
as they journeyed from the East that they
found a plain in tho valley of Sbinur, and
they dwelt there. And ihey said one to
nolhur Go to, let us make brick, nnd
burn them thoroughly ; and they had brick
for stone, (or instead of stone) and slime
had they fur mortar." Modern sceptics
may ask : Where could these builders oh-
tuin all this bitumen! for a vast quantity
must havo been demanded lo meet the
wants of so many trowels. It is a singu
lar coincidence that Mr. Tlaeo discovered
fountain at a small distance from the
tower, whose waters flow in such abund-
anconsalinostto form a river. The.strcam
ould force its way into a river in the vi
cmity, did not the people hasten to stop
by setting the bituminous flood on fire,
hrn ihey tranquilly wait till tho fire is
extinguished for tuo want ot aliment.
Thus the old fountain still pours out inex
haustible quantities of bitumen, or slime,
which supplied these old buildings in their
vast enterprise. Bitumen also adds to
the durability of bricks, as well as firmly
consolidates iheni in masonry. Could any-
ling be added lo the marvel of tho coin
cidences 1 Thus travels an 1 expeditions in
Assyria become Biblioal corollaries, and
new proofs arc never wanting of old truths.
Among the interesting discoveries of Mr.
Place were certain inscriptions on fillets of i
gold, silver, and copper, and also upon a J
metal uow unknown, and which has some-1
ti..t ..f llm unnMranea nf irnrv. It U
been submitted to the experiments of an
intelligent metallurgist, and its qualities
will soon be ascertained.
Some very curious pho'ographs, taken
by the txpedition, completed their labors,
one of which was cf the ruins of the pal-
nce of the famous Queen Semiramis.
Thin ancient monument, situated on the
hei-'ht of a rooontain raised by the hands
of men, overlooks the awful olitudes
wfciih farrounl Lake Van a body of,
water six oi sevon time larger than Lake
It is not strange that genlluman who
, , ii,,, . . i
nnuseeu auu nauuteu some oi i
I I., .1 . 1' . U-l. I L.. If.
uruugm iruin mo lower OI uaoei oy Air.
1'lace, should be ex.'ilu J ns he says he was
"In rclutioti toarchuJoloL-icalnews I take
tho liberty to inform you that I Lave just
seen the olJett thill'' of the old world.
Indeed, I do not know that I should be
more surprised by seeing the fragment of
the ark itself. Fancy to yourself that 1
have just touched and held in my Land,
and turned tnd turned ogaiu iu every
way, a little morceau of the Tower of Ba
bel! This trinkolof moulded clay, illus
trated and baked by the sons of Noah, has Mli ,hree quarlcr8 MwMn LonJon
passed from the plain of Shinar to Ue(Now York liine. Th Btock exchange in
v..-,. v. .m me, ..u.i
.uo immi.ier in iu uui.u
Mr. 1 lace, our learned and enterprising
it I i - ...l I !! (at l .
uonsu., to wnom i am inueutta tor a s.gi.i
of this precious relic, about w hlch cluster
to many granu souvenirs.
1 win only add, that it your readers
wish to obtain a distinct and accurate ideal
of the region referred to, io which lies the
battle field ef Arbela, and the plain of
Shinar, they should open their atlas and
survey the country between Mosul on the
Tigris, and Lako Van, south-east of Mount
Ararat. It was natural that the sons of
Noah, descending from Ararat, should
commence their agricultural labors in the
fertile and well-watorod plain of Shinar,
lying to the East where, in terrible rcmetn-
bianco of the flood, they vainly and im
piously attempted a work which should
protect them from the recurrence of dis
aster. Recently, I met an English Gentle
man, Major Frazer, who belonged to the
slahv of General Williams, the hero of
Kars, who, with three or lour oilier Eng
lishmen, had gained the summit of Mount
Ararat the first feat of the kind since tho
children of Noah descended from il. Thus,
by a singular coincidence, about the same
time, the sacred summit was reached where
the ark rested, and the tower discovered
which was erected on the plain at its base.
Chinese Implements o War.
A gentleman writing from China, un
der recent date, gives the following des
cription of Chinese implements of war,
which may not prove entirely uninteres
ting at this time when there is a strong
probability of out having a protracted war
with tho people,, ourselves:
War b big the order of the day in Chi
na, a sketch of ibcirimplements I presume
will bo acceptable.
Tim UiiouLAii Cannon. Of these they
have some very largo as well as smaller.
1 liese are placed on frames, enpaulo of el
evation or depression, and fired with n
m itch. Tbov appear nearest like our war
instriiinoiits of any thing 1 have seen l hern
us i of their own make,
Skcond jtATB Cannok. These, called
by fore'gnors " jingalls," are curried each
one by two men, and eight orlen feet long,
with a ball from one ounce to one pound
weight, and fired with a match by one of
the earriers oft the other's shoulder.
Small Arks or Guns. Theso are
rather of ihe inu-I.et kind, smooth bored,
and discharged with a match lock as the
others. No lire-locks, caps, or such mod
ern improvements hero. These aro very
crude in nppeurance, hmded wiihou a ram
rod, the powder dropped in and ballon top
of it, and of course discharged with little
Bows and Arrows. Those, the most
primitive instruments of warfare thousands
of years ago, are Still used here as one of
the principal part of their nmory in hostile
combat. The bows are made of bamboo
spliced with horn, the strings of sinews,
and the arrows of light wood, feathered
Short Guns with Long Barrels.
The short gun is loaded in the hand, let
into the long barrel, which being on a
pivot directs tho course, Bnd is fired with
a match. We have nothing of this kind.
Spears and Swords. Spears, with
one, two or three prongs, placed on long
poles or bamboos, aro much u ted by them.
Also swords, for closer combat, some with
two edges, some in pairs.
A sword in each hand they much admire
Bamboo Guns. We have nothing like
tlie-e, even in child play. They are simply
a thick, strong bamboo bound with rattan,
loaded with powder and some kind of com
bustible, with touch hole at the lower end.
They are about three feet long and only
capaMe of oris discharge and then, I pre
sume, of little execution.
Stink Pot and Fihe Balls. These
are generally used in boarding a vessel.
This species of warfare, I presume, is
carried on on the pole cat principle ; add-
nifT hra.Li.1Ia lo a
ttrong smell, tuereoy
gcrd.;,, i,e reet as well as the nose, and
causing the opponeut to make himself
! boo hat to ward otf tho sword and spear
I HEIR IEFENCE. iney nave n uaiu-
and a bamboo shield for their arm and
body, from to to ihree feel in diameter.
.Stratagem. Thev are much wore
strata-em, than to open fori
Th-v oiled endeavor to
fire a fleet by floating down a fire.ra.t c.icu.ai.out oi eclipses nu me move
among ibem. By flourishing their flagt j meets of the heavenly bodies, is ihe last
thev endeavor to intimidate. But their, mBI) (0 be willin? to iruesa out and imnoae
great stratagem consists in catching the!
chaps at unawares, condemning them with
1 . . V
0 n tri i
ia . tTine their hanrts Deiiino
f e .. .
them, cutting off their head with a broad
Jy anile, mace lor ae porpow,
mandarians are beat phased with this kind
jof warefarc, provided they be the judges
""T' ' V'VT,'
I IJ,,t uPn '"a "hole, a Chinese armv
and bntllo, mking their appearance equip
. - . .' 1 . '. r
ago, manicuvrillg, t)Hlltlll(r nnu runiiiiirr,
: altogether, compared with modern warriors
a,iu w"reamonK Aniontaii and I'.urop
I i . . : . -i .. i: . i
can nations, are superlatively ridiculous.
And in these respects, having great room
for improvement, much may be expected
in tlio new government anticipated.
The Woaders at Ue Telegraph.
Wheu the submarine telegraph i com
plctcd, for which one of our fellow-citizens
is laboring In London, (Cyrus W. Field,)
we shall ace the following results, growing
out of tho difference of about four Lours
j London will Lavo closed, and tho last quo-
i,,alion8 j,e known in New York, by the
lim9 buHilU!H in Wall street has com
nienceJ. An important speech delivered
jn ttle Engiigh Parliament will be reported
j ,U() New york papers of lLe Mme ove
njnff A division on ,onl9 roat qUM,ion
may occur while the inhabitants of Loudon
are in their first sleep ; but llm instanta
neous new will be circulating In a New
York journal while life is flowing at its
full tide in tho Allantio city. Tho "good
night" of the Now York telegraph clerk,
as ho goes ofF duty at midnight, will Cud
his European colleagues at work, with the
summcrsun already an hour on his journey
to the west. Says an English paper bo
fore us : " About oue thousand nine hun
drod and forty miles of the Atlantic ocean
intervene bolwoen St. John' and Valencia,
(ho most western harbor in Ireland; and
to stretch an electric cable belwocn the two
points is the groat problem. It is rcquried
to be of the enormous longth of nearly
three thousand miles in order to allow for
inequalities in the bed of tho Atlantic
The survey of the ground Las just been
comploted, and the American government
look so much interest in the enterprise
that it placed a ship of war at the disposal
of the telegraph company. The engineers
nnd surveyors have an accurate ground
plau of tho bottom of the sea between New
foundland and Ireland, which is reported
to bo highly favorable. Mr. Edward B.
Bright, of the Mnguetic Telegraph Com
pany, has just visited tho harbor of Va
lencia and its neighborhood, with a view of
ascertaining the best point for the terminus
of this monster submarine cable. Ilia
bro'.her, Mr. Charles Bright, the engineer
of tlio same company, has also been en
gaged in a series of experiments, which
lest, in the most satisfactory manner, (he
practicability of obtaining perfect signals
through a magnetic circuit of three thou
sand miles in extent, Mr. Cyrus W. Field
a gentleman of great energy, one of the di
rectors ot tuo American company, is at
present in London, with the object of push
ing forward tho arrangements connected
with Ihe project. The laying down of the
cable is the next step ; and when that is
completed, New York nnd London, and
oven New Orleans and London, will be
within conversational distance. Two sub
marine cables have been lost in the Medi.
terranean while they wore buing laid down,
and special precautions will be employed
by tho vessels, which will start in tho mid
dle of the Atlantic, each carryin'' half
the line, and uncoiling it as they start in
opposite directions tho one toward Amer
ica, and tho other toward Ireland. We
heartily w i.sh complete success to an un
dertaking which will be one of the grand
est triumphs of human genius. It is im
possible to over-estimate the social, political,
and commercial results of thus bringing so
closely together the two greatest and
freest people of the world. It will, at
times, be possible for a primo minister of
England to allay political exciieinent in the
United States by an immediate declaration
of the conciliatory policy of this country.
Lot ut hope thai this duty may be recipro
cally performed. A generous sentiment
uttered in the Capitol at Washington, or
in the palace of St. Stephen's, Westmins
ter, will reverberate alike on ihe banks of
the Potomac and the Thames almost as
soon as the speaker has concluded his ad
dress. As to the commercial gain, we be
lieve that the electric cable across the
Atlantic will preserve to England her pres
ent preponderance in the great monetary
and commercial aflairs of the world."
Weather cannot be Foretold. It is
known by the printers of almanacs which
give predictions of the weather, that the
prediction for particular days are inserted
where there chances to ba apace for them ;
and frequently an old almanac is handed to
the printer from which to lake weather and
fi'tlt It in in ftia flar m fttnmt rnn..nianl
- - tronom ho dr . ... ,,, .
. ' J
crcdu,it ef th ;., br
ttnr'in'r In nr.lirf In wathr fnr ml
a - i - .v. -.
ihe has no data
I he most accurate and minute meteoro-
logical observations, continued foi half a
century in different countries, Lave proved
that, (Lough the moon a fil ets tho tides,
it has no percepliblo Influence on the
weather, and that predictions what (he
weather will bo on particular day are
pretense and delusion. Mr. Mcrinm, the
distinguished mctooioluglNt of Brooklyn,
who for many year has taken hourly ob
servations on the thermometer and barom
eter, now adds Lis testimony. He says,
"Willi all my practical experience iu ob
serving atmospheric changes, and recording
hour by hour and day by day thermomet
ries! and meteorological observations, and
in connection with simultaneous observa
tions made and recorded elsewhere, I fuel
more and more convinced that it is not in
ihe power of any human being to deter
mine, even a single day in advance, what
change will take place in the atmosphere."
Men have a natural hankering to know
what will bo in the future, and sorao even
believe in the influence of the moon on the
weather and on plants nnd animals, in un
lucky Fridays, in keeping off witches by
horse-shoes, in fortune-lulling, in table-rap
pings, and worthless sayings reported by
"mediums," purporting to have come from
the spiril-world ! Am. Messenger,
American Guano. The ship John
Marshall, clearing coastwise for the Ameri
can guano islands in the Fueifio ocean,
sailed from New York on Thursday, tho
lliih January. This it the first cloarnnce
of a vessel going direct from this couutry
to our guano islands in the Pacific ocean.
Sample of this guano have been received
and tested, both in the laboratory of the
chemist and of nature. The products of
the soil are reported to be threefold raoro
than the products from the Peruvian guano,
sowed in the same soil and under tho same
conditions ; and this is said to be in strict
accordance with the analysis of the cmi
nent a. ii, ii ayes, oi Huston, lie re
ports Javis Island guano to contain 80
pari of phosphoric acid, whtlo the Per
uvian guauo contains but 23 parts to the
The American Guano Company, hav
ing the fullest confidence that the islands
they Lave taken possession of are covered
with guano, and not ' bird lime," as re-
ported by Com. Mervlne, havo sent out in
the John Marshall all the buildings, buoys,
spars, anchors dVc, necessary for the guano
Wau between England and Persia.
War was proclaimed at Calcutta by Ihe
English government against Persia No
vember 1. An expedition, consisting of
(1,000 troops, and a largo fleet, has sailed
from Bombay. It is said that Russian
troops are ready to march to the aid of
Persia, and a grcut number of Russian of
ficers have entered the Persian nrmy.
The ostensible object of this war is to pun
ish the Persians for besieing nnd taking
the independent city of Herat, in Afghan
istan, in violation of their treaty with Eng
land, at the instigation of Russia as it is
believed. Herat is a fortified commercial
city of about 40,000 inhabitant, which
from its situution is ihts key of north-western
India. It formerly belonged to Persia,
which has always desired lo regain poss
ession ot it. It is for tho interest of the
British possessions iu India that tho three
chiefships of Herat, Cabul, nnd Kaudahnn,
into which Afghanistan is divided, should
A NoiiLK F ellovt. Ou the morning of
Dec. 1st) four little boys broko through
the ice on the lake near tho school house,
in Waterville, Wis. The villagers hast-
ened to tho spot, but tho ice was so thin
that none dared venture to their aid. A
this moment, just as the boys were sink
ing, a young man, eighteen years of age,
named John Adams, sprang forward, seiz
ed a fishing spear, and leaving most of his
clothes on the bank plunged into the lake
and saved two of the boys. He then made
another dash and saved the third. Adams
was now almost exhausted, but the mother
of the fourth boy was tlunding near in hor
rible agony, and Adamt said to her, " I
will save your boy or die." Tying a rope
around his waist, he told those on shore to
pull him in if he sank, and cried out,
"Staud by the rope, I am going to him."
He then plunged in, swam out some ten
rods, breaking the ice with his Lands, seized
the boy, who was sinking for the third
time, carried him ashore, and restored him
to his mother's arm.
Where is the West! The editor of
the Presbyterian Herald of Louisville, Ky.,
says that, visiting Fort Leavenworth, five
or six hundred mile west of Louisville, Le
said to the commander, "I suppose you be
gin to feel, away out here, that yon have
at last discovered that indefinable region
called 'the West? No, sir," said he,
"we are living in the east yet. Four hun
dred mile wctt of ut, near fort Laramie, ii
the geographical center of the United
News from tho Atlantic States.
New Yolk February 20th. The in.
nnisition Into the Btinfi II niutih r was
closed on the llih of February after a
session of fourteen days, dining all which
time New York was agitated by intense ix
oitcmtni. The jury returned a verdict
against John J. Lckell nnd Mrs Cunning
ham as principals, am! young Snoilgrast us
accessory. The case is now before tho
Grand Jury. Il is said tlmt some new
and tturtling development have been made
before this body, and that tho Police are
on tho Irni k of other suspected parties.
A case of murder scarcely less atrocious
than that ef liurdell, occurred hist week at
IlingliHin Mass, where I loses G. Gardner,
the postmaster of thai town, died from
pnisnn.supposed lo have been administered
by hit wife. Gardner had been sick for a
long lime, and the fuc's elicited on ihe iu
quisilioil showed flint the poi-on won ad
ministered in his medicine. The testimo
ny it very strong ooninst bis wife, and she
has been committed for trial.
Ths examination of Col. Fabens and
other alleged filibusters ia still progress
ing, having continued for nearly three
weeks. An attempt was mado by the de
fence lo implicate President Pierce and
bis private Secretary in tho Kinney expe
dition, by show Ing that ho accepted a gra
tuitous grant of a largo tract of land in
the Mosquito territory. A luller from At
torney General dishing totally denied tho
imputation on brhalf of the President.
Sidney Webster, his Secretary, however,
acknowledged that lie had received from
certain parties scrip for a large slico of tho
Kinney Musquito purchase, but state that
ho iramcd'.atoly returned it.
Tho President last week sent to ihe Sen
ate the corrcspui.Joi co relative to the In
dian difficulties in Oregon. In a lottor ao.
company ing the documents, the President
strongly censures the conduct of Governor"
S.evins in the premises.
It is stated in a letter from Mexico,
that on Jan. 31st, a treaty was signed
between Mexico and tho United States,
by which this Government is to loan
Mexico SlS.OOO.OOO.-tU.OOO.OOO of which
go to pay American claims. '
The SciiBle at Washington, on Wedj
notdiy, passed a bill to ascertain and
sjttlu private land claims in California.
TUB DALLAl-Cf.ARHNUON TREATV.
Washington, February 20. In ihet
executive session yislerday, the Senate!
agreed to reconsider the vole by which tho
Dull, is-Clarendon Treaty was post poned
till March 5.
Hon. Joh'n It. Thomson, tho Dumocrulio
candidate, has been re elected to the United
States Senate by the Leoihi!ure of New1
Jersey. He received fifty votes j Jonathan
T. Randolph, American, twenty ; and Rich,
urd S, Field, Republican, six.
In the United Stales Senntu on the 18th
Fib., notice was given of the introduction
of bills for tho construction of a Northern,
SoinliRrn and Central Pacific Railroad and
Magnetic Telegraph through tho Territories
of tho United Stales.
A dispatch received at New Yoik by II.
Giiunell, E-q., status that Dr. Kane ha
probably departed this life. Ho was at
Havana at last dales.
Tlicro have been about twenty con vie
tiont during tlm last year for the forgery
of I und warrants.
Mr. Siicekrl, ihu Russian Chargo d'Af
fairsal Washington, has been promoted Id
AsrtNwAl.L, Fell. 21, 1857.
Tho British steamer Trent arrived herd
at noon, with news from Greytown up td
tho 20th Feb. News hud reached Grey,
town that Walker had ro possessed himself
of Sernjiitti, haiing attacked that place
on the l'llh w ith 200 men and two 0-poun
ders. The Costa Kican held out till the
following day, when they left. Wulker'a
army lost 2 men killed and 3 wounded
the Costa Ilicxns 1 1 killed and 20 wounded.
There was also news of tho full of Cast
tillo into tho possession of Wulkor's army,
with a loss of 8 kil'cd and 20 wounded.
The Costa Ricans aro supposed lo have
lost about S'i killed and CO wounded.
Iu order to explain the above, wo may
stato that it was not the force immediately
under Gen. Walker's command, (which
still remained at Ritas, but tho new re.
cruits recently arrived at Grey own from
the United Slates, under Gun. Wheat, who
succeeded in making these captures. They
were bound up tho river to join Walker.
Their next engagement with ihe allies will
I'buUlvss be at Sun Carlos, at the mouth
of the Lake.
Tho A-pinwall Courier publishes several
letters from Nicaragua respecting the cap.
lure of Senpiqtii and Castillo, and it has
also a statement that San Carlos Lad been
tuken by Walker's forces.
Thi Panama Star, on tho authority of
CjI. Kinney, who came by the aieamer
Trent, says that the report of Walker's;
party baring takeu Castillo is incorrect,