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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
W, I. AVAMIf SMTOS AMD fOMHTO.
OMCHUT CITY I
SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1838.
During mt absence from home, D. War
ton Cuw m'jt la authorised to iriDMCt all buei-
Is lei city connected with Ihlt Office. ,f)
. , e filet AesettalUa,
The Mitb anniversary of III Willamette Bep
tUi Aaaoeialioa bW It evasion la Llua county
tie the 80lh sit We hav bo full reports ef
rreweediujs, but tin minute will soon be sub
W leere lhat there wee pretty strong open op.
oailiss U oyi the Eapoeilir m Baptist
crfte I bene lb eeminiilee ieenminendl ll
snerely ea " medium (if denominational errti'
pnbiie; ind not se en orj-en of 'he ehuroh
Thar ere many Hspiista In ihi section who ir
inche' lo queetioa iu wibudjijf oa more mature
Una m.Arg ix.
Wees v Mir thai lli above emanated from
theWrtorof lb Ar(i, w should pjr no alien
tioa lo it, for w should onnsider il a diagraeo lo
ar paper lo nolle Djr iucIi matter, oomiug frora
him. But a we have feeeived information which
i perfeutly satisfactory lo iu, lhat b i only p'ay
ing esceaet fiddlt lo ethers, In order lo divert tb
aueulwa of lb denomination from another Joei
that might aot ouurt a rigid invretiiatin, will
ipeoe lb ntir faloiiy of th above by a p'eiu
taloment of fact, which every person that wu at
too Aeeoelalioe will reeugnie.
Tb "pretty atrong open opposition to adopt
ing lb fcipooilot as a Baptist organ," eoneisled
f lb epeeahee of ol DiiniaUr and Titan lay
men. Tb atira "pretty at rang open oppmillon," than,
aa uprward Ufor tb Aaaocialion, eoneieted
f th addrawM of brethren Fiaher, C. lirooka,
Hioklin and Newell, and the tnly ground of op
Deaitieo argrd waa our neutrality ua lb alavery
quoation. And bin the final vote on the report
rf the eemmlttr waa taken, out of nrarana
4r4 dalegaloa, tbrs ear wtra all that ruled
againat ita adoption, aa far aa we oould see. liut
allowing ua to hair overlook' d aome, we think we
eaa safely lay that tki tppotition did nl txcttd
half a aoira tora av( a ana kundrtd. So muc h
far thai truth of Mr. Admi rdaiivo tu lb "pretty
atreag open oppoaitioa.''
But Mr. Adamaiiya"lha oonimltlae recemmend.
d K merely aa 'a medium of aftnemiaatienai cor
vssaMeWe.'and aot aa an organ of the chuicb.'1
'To thla w reply that we ate authoiitcd to aay
tW th Inleutiou of the eommittee waa to reoora
mend It aa "a rgaa of tkt Biti$t tkurek in
Orron," and they auppwed the lanaiiere of the
resolution conveyed substantially this idea ; and it
ia earlala that it wai so argued and understood be.
for th Association. Thia (jiiiliMs of Mr. Adania
(erlneea wliouan him; e contemptible, and aa un
worthy f a christian, and beneath the dignity of a
raolleman, aa it ia willfully falsa. C. H. Mutloen'i
The above furninliei about lha cooleat
pcoiiiMn of pflrrunion andac'naotio jum
bling of tb odd and end of logic, faet, ant
common kdm, that we heve icen wince the
-publication of C. II. Mtltoon'a doggerel,
thai tqueaked, gaipet, end expired between
ithekneeioftbe Statesman la ill icoond
nbroe to giro il birih.
' It it vain attempt to fuitrn the eliargn
orfaliehood upon ui and the Dajitittaof tliia
lection, who have been fairly, and correctly
irajireiented by ua in njing that "we learn
thai there was pretty atronir open opponi
tion loadaptiug Uta Epoitor aa a l)np:irt
organ ; hence lite eonmiitioe reeoiuniended
il nerely " medium of denominational
torrttptutUiux and not aa an organ of (he
church." That there- irai proily itrong
opnn oppotition to thii paper, the Expositor
avJntile, aud poinli out four men, I'inhcr,
Brooks, ilicklin, and Newoll, nbo not only
oppoaed it publicly, but evon finally voted
againat recommending it even m a "medium
of denominational" corrttpondeuu." Not
one of these men haaevor pawed a word
wilab ui io relation to the Expositor to our
recollection. If the Expositor had had the
fairneia to publish (he resolution of the
Aaeociation which we published, with the
item itclipa from our paper, it would have
been a triumphant refutation of ita every
tatament, and proved lhat w were correct
lo aaylng that it was recommended aa a
'"medium of denominational correspon
dence," and notai an oranof the church.
But hero ia the resolution of the associa
tion:. "Resolved, That the Eipesitnr be recommend
ed lo lb Baptiat denomination of Oregon IVnitorv
.aa a medium of denominational oorrrepoudi-noe.'
'When we first M lliia resolution in tint
"Expositor, it occurred to us, that there was
a difficulty somcwhrre i th.M ll evasive
character of the resolution, in not promptly
aud explicitly roogtiijiing it as the o"fn of
the ohuroh, Wai purposely arranged as a
compromise between those who approved
of the Expositor and those who did not ;
that It was purposely worded so as it would
pasa. We never heard or even supposed
hat any member of the association object,
ed te the proposition to recommend the
llaplisti of Oregon lo prefurthe Expositor
lo any other paper as a medium of commu
nication upon church polity, church statis
tic, and denominational ncwi in general,
or aaa "medium of denominational corros
ondence," but the Expositor telle tie that
four mambera were even disposed to reject
it ' Mo, and opposed it to the last.
Upon the very day we issued the paper
containing the article at lite head of the
column, faro Huplult, and one of them a
man second to no one of the denomination
in Oregon, assured us that we had t'ated
the truth exactly as it teas. "Bo much for
the truth of Mr. Adams." But ilia Ex
potiloruy; "the inltion oftbe commit
tee waa to recommend it as 'an organ of the
Iftiplitt ehurthin Onyon.' " Well, il it
wi their "intention" lo do so, why didn't
they t Why recommended it as a "wtedi-
urn correspondence" when they intended
to endorse it aa an "organ I" If ''it was ao
argued and understood before the Anwcia
tion," it is very strange to us that some of
th meat intelligent members of the Ac
ciation did not se un Wstnnd it, and would
have voted against it, if it had been so ex
pressed ia the resolution.
. Dul wo proceed, on' of nearly a whole
column devotej to ti aruig up I lie charac
Lar of the Eiuotiiof, .o i'w-k another tbeo-
logical gem, in the way of blacking our
'And wSa'ever n(piatt Orefoa Cilyanay
do er say, la tkis section lha charge ef bolero
dosy i usually brought before $ur own churches,
and w moot say lhat when tb Baptist la th
On gon City "oselion" are eompellod l na aa
individual wh has been expelled from on college,
diagiaced ia another, and finally excluded from
bla own denomination for bis pernicious frlnoi
plea ws say when Baptists are obliged lo i nee
him as a eat pew, with which lo rake up objae.
lion agsinat a ihiotiaf psftr, thsy most he hard
run for material."
A part of this slander has already been
published to the world in iba Stalttman,
without receiving our notice, aa perhapa
nobody pretend lo credit the atateroenU of
that sheet but a a professedly ro'igion (!)
paper has republished and endorsed the
lander, we now call for the proof; and in
onlor to facilitate thii young sprout of di
vinity In his pursuit of information wa will
Inform him thai the only two oolleges with
which we were ever connected are Kimx Col.
I pe.st GHlcsburg 111., and Hothany College,
at Di tliany.Va. We li ft the former, for the
latter, with ample recommendiiiione from
the Faculty as "a faithful and and diligent
student, and a gentleman of unblemished
reputation,' It makes us blush to be
compelled lo quote from documents receiv
ed two thousand miles dinanl, in order to
sustain a character wantonly and malicious
ly assailed by men who wih to build up a
character for thcm.elves upon the ruins of
At Bethany College, wa received the
Cr.l honor ia lha mathematical course, an
honor which waa conferred upon but one ex
cept ouraelf out of over one hundred stu
ilenU from almost every State in the) Uni
on, bi sidt.1 being elected by a large major,
ily to represent the American Literary Iu
stitute, (a chartered Society connected
with the College,) at lha commencement
on the 4th of July, 1944, prior to our tak
ing leave of the Institution. We received
other marks of respect mora than we ever
deserved, and so far from having been ''ex
pelled' from one college, and disgraced in
another," we were never arraigned for trial
at either of these inxlitulions, and never
had the slightest charge preerred against vt,
of any kind whatever. Now, air, we chal
lenge you to disprove our etnlemrnn, or
stand convicted aa poor, contemptible,
slandering liar, unlit to edit even an Infidel
piptr, or to associate with respectable lo
But, sir, your indiscretion, brazen fuceJ
impudence, and rncklesi audacity, shine
moatconspicious in your assertion that we
bnve been "excluded from our own denom
ination for pernicious principles." Our
own denomination ia only fifty miles from
Corvallii, and by writing to Dr. 'McBrid",
at Lafayette, a gentleman of unquestioned
and unimpeachable veracity, you can be.
come "po.ied" as to our standing in "our
denomination," and if you fail to show that
that denomination prefer! the slightest
'charge against ua, aa to principles, or con
duct, you must stand convicted of having
resorted lo that vile slander, which is the
dernier resort of all those who neither pos
sess nor can wield the sword of truth, and
which excludes you from the pale of all
But we are not alone in being made a
mark for your envenomed shafts, plucked
from the quiver of envy and malice, as the
"By th by, was it th erModoxy' of Mr. Ad
ams, or an under-bid of f after seeing our
olllr, that gave the Argue ofBj th printing of
th niinutea of th Association, after thut body
hud anaiti'mouay eofed the! wo should have
them ? Will the 'orthodox' brother Adams inform
This is a cool thrust at the honor and
honesty of the gentlemen who composed
that committee. This committee informed
us lhat the Association voted lhat the
printing be given to the Expositor, if con
venient ; by thia they understood, just aa
any other person of sense would, that the
preference should be given it, provided no
body offered to do it for lean. But this
sapient young theologian serins to think the
Baptists were bound lo pay him his price,
exorbitant though it might be, without ta
king other bids into account, and by say
ing that the Association "unanimously
voted lhat we should have them," without
.1 t . ll , ia
statin0, to conainons contatneu in "u con
venient," he ia guilty of another falsehood.
W, C. Johi.'ion and Rev. Mr. Chandler
composed the committee, neither of whom
ever intimated to us, by nod, wink, or look,
what your bid was, net' her had we the
lighten intimation of It fipm any other
aouree ; therefore you are guilty of a falsn
hood in stating lhat w had seen vour bid,
and guilty of a sneaking slander in insinu
ating that this committee had transcenoVd
the bound of honor by bargain and in
trigue with us.
But we dismiss this subject by noticing
the following :
If there are anv eharma eisin.it ua. brethren.
bring them tut, that we may hear them."
Now, air, although we are not particular
ly invited to do sc, (not belonging to the
"brethren,") yet with jour permission we
will make lu-t six charges against vou.
hich we call upon the BapiUt Church,
with which you are connected, to notice.
Charge 1st. C. II. Mai toon on the S6th
of last May slaied that w "called the pub
liahersof the Advocate 'rummies.' " This
we pronounced fal., and called for the
proof. We have never seen an attempt at
an exculpation therefore we "ciargs" lhat
said C. II. Mai loon ia guilty of falsifying
Charge 2d C. II. Matloon did, oa the
SOih July inst., elate that we had beta ex
pelled from a College: in I hi "chary"
sai J Matloon with being a slanderous falsi
fier. Charge 3d. C il. Matloon did, on the
S0:b Jaly iaei, state lhat we had be)
"diagraced in another" CoHega : in this we
"eAoroV'said Matloon with having uttereo
Charge 4th. C. H. Matloon did, on thi
29th July inst., state that wa had been
"expelled from our church": in this we
"chargs" that aaid Matloon ia guilty of a
Charge 6tb. C. II. Mattoon did, on lha
29th Jul inst., stale that the Aasociation
unanimously resolved lo give the minutes
to him to print, without stating ibe proviso,
"if convenient": in ibi wa "charge" lhat
said Mattoon is guilty of stupid falsifica-
tion of ibe facta.
Charge 6th. C. H. Matloon did, on the
29ib July int, lata in the Expositor that
we underbid him 93 after steing Ida bid:
in this we "charge" lhat said Matloon has
uttered a ridiculous falsehood,
Wa therefore call upon (he church to
which said C II. Matloon belong, losave
iuelf from disgrace among ChrUiians, and
a reproach among infidels, by promptly
dealing with lha younu man, and bringing
him lo repentance, or applying to thia un.
fruiiful vine the raior of ecclesiastical dis
cipline. Afler these chargea are properly dis
poaed of, we shall probably "charge" a few
things lhat disqualify him from filling the
editorial chair of the "medium of denomi
national correspondence" for a learned and
highly respectable denomination of Chris
tuns. At least we should think ibey ought
to have a man sufficiently conversant with
the King's English to enable him to put
three sentences logei her grammatically.
OiT We notice lhat considerable discus
sion has taken place in the Ortgtmia and
Standard over certain advertisements, in
which Joseph W, Drew, Quarter Master
General at Salem, 0. T proposes to sell a
large quantity of government property,
auch as horses, cattle, and wagons, a part
of which ia to be sold for cash. The ques
tion is raiaed ai to the authority of this
officer for tbua disposing of the property,
the prejudi ca of the poor fellows, who are
holding government scrip, instead of cash
just now. Il would look to a man up a
sign post aa though those who have told
Die property to the government for scrip
ought to have a chance to buy it in for tb
name currency. But these Oregon Loco-
focos have a happy way of disposing of
things, which only those nndetstand who
have access to the midnight caucuses of
our party." The Portland paperi are at
a loss to know what will be none with the
money 1 Wei), new, isn't that coo) f Ju.t
as thouuh fifty or sixty thousand dollars
couldn't be disposed of by the jolly fellow,
who live by keeping up "our party." We
presume it will be disposed of by Dryer's
old rule of "now you see it, and now you
From the minutes of the Baptist Asso
ciation held in Linn county June 20th alt.,
we learn that there are twenty-six churches
in Oregon, comprising 831 members.
During the pail year there have been re
ceived by baptism 113, by relation 10, by
letter 73. There have been dismissed by
letter 39, excluded, 24, restored 1, died 8.
On tail Saturday right the building in
front of McLoughlin'i Mill, wai burned
down. Merchandise belonging to different
men, and amounting to about 92,000, was
stored in the building, besides a Paddy,
who slept there. All wai a total loss ex
cept the Faddy. The fire is supposed to
have been the work of an incendiary. On
the same night, the flume conducting the
water upon the wheel of the Doctor's grist
mill had its underpinning knocked out by
some unknown agency, which ha caused a
temporary suspension of operations in the
flour business of thii city. We are not able
to gness who would be guilty of ibe like,
unless it be such loaf-rs as slink around
town, living on the interest of what they
owe other people.
John, George, and Limpy, with their
tribes, which constituted all the hostile In
dians in Rogue River, have surrendered
their arm, and are now either on Gen.
Paliner'a Reservation or on their way there.
Thia of couna closes np the war in Rogue
River. At the north, Col. Wright ia still
trying in vain to make peace with Kamaia
kin and his allies, who evade his forces and
alwiya will. Those noted "Shanghais,"
who were lo travel "five miles an hour,"
havu't yet averaged, if wa are correctly in
formed, more than five hours to the mile.
In jiving place lo the communica
tion of Mr. Beeson, no one will suppose
that we necessarily endorse the doctrine
which forma (he basis of his Indian policy.
Il is an old favorite error of even the U. S.
Government that the savage has a good and
valid title lo the soil, whether he cultivates
it or net. Wa deny thia, and bold that
every man has a natural right to enough of
God's vineyard to subsist him and his off
spring so long aa he cultivaiss it.
We ahould have stated last week that
A. Holbrook, Eaq , goes lo the States oa
boaioea connected with the Odd Fellows,
instead of the Masons. Mr. Holbrook
pointed out the error to us, and we gladly
make the correction.
tW Harvest has already commenced.
There ia a good deal of complaint of smut
in whea. Much of the crop has been proa-
.rated by the rtteel heavy reine.
FROM THE STATES.
Tits mill steamer reached Portland last evening
about o'olock. The news InwreaUng.
Tb Demooratio convention nominated JAMES
BUCHANAN, of Pa., for President, and J. C.
BascasxiiDoe, of Ky., for VI Prldnt.
Tb Republican convention. nom'naud Col. J.
C. FREMONT for President, snd W. L Davroa,
of New Jiraey, for Vic President
Tb antl-FUIroor boltir nominated N. P.
Ba,of Mas., for President, and ex-Cov. W.
F. Jonatroa, of Pa., for Vie President.
Mr. Fillmor bad returned from Europe, and
wou'd accept th nomination of tb American.
KsNua A'l was quist at latest data.
Eaouao. News of Mr. Crsmpton's diemasal
had been received, but aot onVelly. It waa un
certain whether Mr. Dallaa would have notice to
quit. The Minister's dismissal naturally excited
aom feeling in England, but ther were no a pr
bensioosof war on eecouot of It
Nicauoc. Another revolution. President
Rival had been detected In a contpiraey lo over
throw the government, and had fled ( whereupon
a new dsetion was ordered, resulting in th oholv
of Gen. Waur.sa, much against hi wlabesihe
nativ Niearaguana voting fur him almost to a man.
Caurouiu. The Vigilance Committee have
full way to dan Franciauo, and tb apct of af
fairs generally waa unchanged.
Four $8,25 t 115-whest l,'35 to 1,80.
Cosoatss. Mr. Toombs, of Cnnrga, had pre
sented s plan for th pacification of Kunwe.
The bill aulhoris ng the people of Oregn to form
a constitution and Rtute government waa consider
ed. It is the same aa that heretofore paaeed by tb
House, but loot in th Senate, for want of tloi.
Mr. Junes, of Tenn., proposed aa amendment,
requiring Oregon to bare a population quel to the
ratio of representation established nuder tb laat
United States eenaua.
A debate ensued, Involving th question whether
eueh a restriction should be imposed upon aw
Mr. Ruble, of Polk Co., informs na lhat
there ii an emigration on the road tu Ore
gon, He baa received letters from hit
friends who left Missouri in May, Hating
that there waa quite a large emigration for
California, and one company at least for
Oregon. Mr. Ruble baa already gone nut
beyond the Mountaini to meet his fnendf
Co). Wright, in reply to a letter aont him,
atates that it ia impossible to ipare a de
tnchment as an emigrant escort from Ft
Boise in : besides It would be in violation
ofbis instructions from Gen. Wool.
OSomo excitement exists in the coun
try in relation to the mines north and
aoulh. The "prospect" is said to be fuir
in 'the Colville minea, and on the head
waters of John Day's river. Reports from
ibe aoulh aay lhat a rrnh has already been
made for the bar on lha Dig Bend of
Rogae river, which promise to pay well.
(Kr Judge Pratt leaves with his fam.
ily on this steamer for Caliliirnia. The
Judge bus bad a hard road to travel in pol
itics since he came to Oregon, bnt as he has
confessed bis aina and forsaken na sinners,
we forgive him, and hope every body ele
will try to do the same.
gST The Island Mill is now bring
repaired, in order to be replaced with a
new and substantial frame. The proprietors
inform us that they will have il running
in September, wben they will be able to
make as good floor as it made in Oregon.
This mill heretofore has not had the credit
il deserved for making superior floor.
03" We notice that ' ffnai" has passed
through thia city several times lately.
We hear he ia trying to get "'Sep" on ihe
track as a candidate for Delegate.
W Judge Strong baa been elected m a
member of the Legislature from the coun
lies of Cowlitz and Wahkiakum, VV. T.
"We have beea informed that C. H Mattoon.
editor of the Expositor, give a narrative which, if
true, oh, atanaara. .
A very considerate "if that ; always
judiciously used when basing an argument
on ''narratives' coming from such sources.
fcr The Metbodiat Conference has re
commended, theM. E Book concern in N.
Y. to buy out the Salem Airocate, provid
ed they can get it for $3,500. A pretty
good speculation for the publishers, but
from pwsent proapects rather a hard bar
gain for the buyers.
OZr The J. Clinton, ihe lat being built
by Cochran, Cassady de Co. for the Yam
hill trade waa launched a,t Cunemah last
03" The iloosier and Enterprise are the
only two boats that aie now running on the
river above the Falls.
Davtok, O. T, July 16, 1856.
Mr. Adams By publishinsr the enclosed
order, you will doubtless be communica
ting to the public something new and in-
interesting, at the aame time obliging your
obd t eerv't,
Dx L Floyd-Jones,
Captain 4th Inf.
District Southern Clrmimn .fe VnH l.' I l
ORDERS ) Aureeablv to instruction. r.
No. 7. Revived from lha mmmiJln.
Gene rel 0f the Department, officers com.
mandinir the new forte in k iKi;K.
O ' - '". it. iu j ,
the Coast Reservation will not' permit any
wuiib man to goon ine nesene, except
those who ara actually emr,l,.vt l. .k.
- - , - kite
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, who will
furnish them with the name nf !! k
: , "uuaro
or may be employed on the Reserve. All
ana any Deraona wuose names Shall not be
lurnnneu u mo commanaera of the sev
eral forts, aa above directed, will be forth-
By order of Bvt, Lieut. Col. R. C. Buch
anan. (Signed) J.G. Chaxdlex,
2d Lieut. 3d Artillery,
nU2rj- v ) A. A.A.G.
Captain 4th Inf. )
s.Orfes City on eee.r
Mr. Editor-l aa In Til Aauoi of
July 6lh an article wlfb th above caption,
which contain! "nothing tut the truth,"
but not "the whoU truth." Bui as "Radi
us" evidently intended It for puff of the
new Portland and Salem Road be Is per
bap excusable, although the half ia not
,uId- . e-
The last LogUlature aim located a Ter
ritorial Road from -Portland ea Taylor'
Ferry on the Tualatin River, Cbehalein
Gap, and Dayton, to Corvallia," which ia
already opened, and although It ia yet new
and aomewbat rough, yet aa il 1 iu much
more direct and leas hilly than any other
road leading from the upper country on
the weat aide of ibe Willamette, bringing
Dayton within 20 milea of Portland, and
avoiding 'be Chehalem mountain!, it re
ceives already ita full altera of the travel,
and divert! a great d al of trade to Port
land that naturally belong! to the Falls.
This Dayton road, as well ae the Salem
road, wai opened during the past a inter
and spring. Both were located by the last
"Now what wish to show by this ia''
lhat your people are behind ihe times and
dont make use of the) mean in their ImniU
to Improve your place. For the lait Leg
islature also located a "Territorial road
from Linn City to Wapatoo Lake," which
Las been surveyed and legally eatabliahed,
intersecting both the above roads wmh of
the Tualatin River, and f -rming a direct
communication between ibe Pall and
Wapatoo Lake, and abo by means of Ihe
two above mentioned roads lo the whole
Well, Mr. Editor, what has been done
towards opening tbi roedf Absoluloly
nothing, ao far ai the Falls and the "region
round about "are concearned. While two
good roads have been made within the last
year through the heavy timbered country
east of the Willamette to Portland, nothing
has been done towards the Falls. Why is
this t Why limply because Portland man
ifested a little enterprise and built the
bridges needed, and then the iubahitants
opened the made, and if the people about
the Fulls) would manifest the aame enter
prise, roads woald be made there.
The Legislature of laet winter abegmnt.
ed a most liberal charter for the "Improv e
ment and navigation of Ihe Tualatin riv
er," leaving the extent of the improvement
ae well us the manner of improving it with
the company, permitting the company to
connect with the Willamette river at any
point they those, and in any manner they
see fit. Now if a few of the inhabitant
abunt your place would take Tioldofth'1
matter thev could nt a small expense se
cure the whole of ihe heavy trade from ihe
Tnalatin Plains. Ii ia estimated that five
thousand dollars will nuike the river navi
gable fmm Moore's Mill to Hillsborough,
and build a good road from Moore's to the
Falls, and the buaineae would certainly pay
a large percentage on lhat improvement.
But let yonr people aet still a little longer,
and Portland will tap thnt country also, and
finally secure the whole trade, fur there
certainly ia some enterprise in Portland, and
then the people at the Falls will hare to
make roads to move awny on.
Temperance at 1st IWUot Box.
Editor of the Argus Dear Sir: The
Kansaa Bill has robbed Freedom of rights
guaranteed to her for thirty years, but onr
representative elect declared thia constitu
tional and right, A -prohibitory liquor law
protects our unsuspecting children from the
temptations of the saloon, withdraws in
toxicating liquors from many temperate (?)
drinkers, and saves many inebriates. It
lessens thn public tax for paupers and crim
inals more lhan one half. It depopulates
our jails and our alms houses. It adds to
the productive industry and comfort of
every community, all that is lost by the
inebriate aud his family. ' It adds to pood
morals and intelligence what liquors inva
riably destroy. It stops a business whose
only results are evil, and turns capital into
channels of real usefulness. It saves good
and worthy citizens from the degradation
to which thn liquor business invariably
leads. No man enrapei in that hiuiniea
without a sense of shame. It ii against
his good sense ; it is against his self-respect;
it is against bis sense of rirht and eood
citizenship; it is against his conscience.
He feels a publio rebuke from many whose
esteem he values, and he cannot hold no
hiahead with the assurance that he can in
other pursuits. His only good reason for
aelling liquors is, that he can personally
make a profit, although he knows that hi
profit is all absolute, dead loss ; yea, a verr
poison lo the conscience! And yet our
representative declares that it is unconsti
tutional to prohibit thia business, which is
in eve7 sense destroyiner the welfam of
Mr. Matlock replied lhat the principle of
prohibition had been declared constitution
al by the highest tribunal in our nation.
The question came up in U45. in an an-
peal of Samuel Thurlow from a decision of
the courts in Maesachuselta to the Supreone
Court of the United States.
Chief Justice Taney aaid l 'Every State
may regulate iu own internal Us (Tic, ac
cording to ita own indgement, and upon iu
own views of the interest and well being of
iu citiiena. em not aware that these prin
ciples have ever been questioned. If any
ctate ectme tne retail and irs'emej tr5c
in aideiil aplriU iojurloui to its ellitena,
and calctrlated lo produce idleness, ties, of
debauchery, I aee nothing in ihe eenrito
lion of the Uuhed) States to prevent H frog,
regelating and restraining the traffio
from prohibiting il hogether, if It thinkt
Messrs. Justice McLeRfT, Catron, Daniel,
Woodbury, and Drier, entirely concurred
In thla decision of the court. But our val
iant opponent declared 'that prohibitlea je
contrary to our natural rights.' Mr. M.
replied i hat 'ne man baa a natural right to
eat or drink what will kill him, even If he
alone existed, much lese hat he thii right
when be becomea a member of society.'
lie own his life and bit power of body
and to promote the welfare and aet the In
jury of the community. He promises to aie'
In protecting society from all evils, go.
ciely in turn promisei to protect him front
evils lo the full extent of hi power. If be
maim or poison himself he damages the
public, to the full extent of his value to the
public. Ifhe renders himself hilpleis and
a publio burden, be ao much more injurte
the public, who have thrown their shield of
protection around him. He ha then neith
er a natural nor a social right to injure him
self, snd much leas take his owa life sed
denly or by degrees. Ood has not given
him the one, society does net allow the
other. Dut there is a manifest right to
prohibit both these wrongs. God justly
prohibits iben the use of lhat which de
s'toyt or injures him. Society justly pro,
bibiu him from similar wiongs. Yon have
no tiht In a fit of madness to burn down
your own bou, destroy your crop, poi
son or even cruelly treat your bruU anU
mats, society proLibti these things. If
then it is right to prohibit you In these mat,
ters of property, how much asers is it ia
ths wider range of injury, loss, and dee
(ruction caused by your drinking Intoxicat
ing liquors. By these habit you waste
your time, your property, your vigor of
body and mind; you induce disease, excite
the worst and moat dangerous passions, yon
make your family poor and unhappy, and
destroy their hopes. You make yourself
leas responsible and lets valuable as a citi
zen, and sorely prepare yourself to be
burrfrn instead of a help to community.-.
Society is nol only authorized but it is bound
in duty to itself and in duty to every mem'
ber who is thus made a sufferer, to prohibit
yonr continuance in sech a course.
Yet tho roineelfer not only encourage,
aids, and by every art allures you in ibis
coarse of private and pobte rein, but ha
aids and allures fifty others besides you).
He ilHa what hn can to destroy lha well,
b inji of fifty persona, more or less, end)
thoae id p-nilent upon them, simply thai
h may have the profit of a few paltry do!'
lure. He injures society as no other man
in it does, because he hag the power
through the fasiiiations of the cup. If then
society has ihe rihl and ibe duty to pro
hibit yntt personally, how much mote baa
inhe right to prohibit him from thia great
wrong I ft may not easily discover how to
reach yon directly, but it can hardly mis.
take in prohibiting him from supplying yoi
and others ihe liquors which causes so
much mischief. It there strikes at the
fountain, and must anon dry up the streams.
For Ihe Argw.
asetaaloa Beta rel
Editor Argue Will yoa indolge bn
with a small apace in your columns for lbs
purpose of rectifying a delusion" which is
in danger of spreading in Linn county.
Delazon Smith haa been in the habit, for
some lime past, of taking my name in vaia
in his letters to ihe Statesman, but as hie
allusions to me alleged nothing wronger
dishonorable in my character, and eeeme
only to botray the malioe of my calomniat
tor, I have bltheVto regarded hi assault
aa so far beneath my notice as to tall lr
no reply. . '
But as he has filled two whole column
of last weeks Statesman with abuse of th
voters ef Lino county, and of myself id
particular, and as he has maliciously lisi
about me, with the record before hi aye(,
itis I think full time to call publio attea-
tion to ihe base conduct of my vilifier. -
He introducee hie last week'a efrusioe
with some remarks on the great bleseiagi
of the eiwi eoce ruode of voting, anepw.
ceeda to abuse Jonathan Keeney I v
heart's content, and then says, ''.Now lata
open the poll books." Wilh the "openH
poll books'1 he goes on to state who all
voted for Keeney, and closes hi, summa'J
with the following iteor italic. punctaeV
tion, and all ; "And 6th, Two-thirda of th
preachers of tho gospel ia the eooftty,
with the notorious Rev. Wilson Blaisl
their head I Two years sgo these men 04'
clared before God and tbe people, that they
would never again vole for any roan for a
est in the Legislature who was not in fa
vor of a prohibitory law ! And yet every
one of them has grossly and openly violaM
ed hie word by voting for Keeney. Wb
can trust or respect them after thii I . Thi
same Wilson Blain too upon hie oten SK
procured an indictment against Keeney. lb
term before last of our district court- for
stealing a iteer, and though Keeney baa
never been acquitted ef the crirne chargede
the Rev. gentleman (!) apoo whose awora
testimony ihe indictment was fouod,
marches to the pola and vote for him I". -1
may remark here that Delaxon in tb
quotation, and indeed ia all his reference
lo me award me Car more importaace thaa
I am satitlcd to or poxes.- There re jcor