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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
n , 1 1 ,1.1 i i i . ., i
,c,j-, rususnao avast; uTviuir MoiKrea,
m BY WILLIAM. L. ADAMS.
Office-Good's BuildingMain st
tim.lt h rial Room in first tlory.
TERMS The A sous i-i'tf is furnished at
Uitn vouart ana rijty vents pir annum,
to Siuzls subtnribrriThru nl!r
l.t'iu ,tch to etubitf ten at ontnKre. '''
&T T Dsllars Jnr six mesA- Aa subserip.
Hons rereiced fur a lui veriad.
136 K paper discontinued until all arrenragei
. art paid, Uultts at tlit option of thi vuhiihn.
i mX3BT Wo an llol.inlhu loilnf .it' linliliii!i.
Jng many article upon c'ilrnverted then,
logical topics. We )i"ve, however, done
to in twii o' three caes, where religtou
t.iiu k.iu i.. .... ...... ..j ....
""""i uii.r oven wiiiiei..wY i"-ci" I mil o-
(,-'- - g MjHirti ,iiii,-a .; win nv
Died the right of a reply. It was bu'i
Iwrt lime before the Arpimtor was issued
that its, editor,' C. II , Mnltooii, requested
and received tha use of our columns after
he hnd bpen repulsed from lint Allocate,
Standard, mnl wo kuuw not. Iiow innnv
more (mpt-m. , I lie . .rlowiig urlioln Imi.
. found it way 10 our olticnllerii hits lit-eii
Tjrcieo irom uitj Miiciuiiif ol ;' J-fpotilor
ana oiatcman. He u. lieve 11104 eiii;ilitti
ically.in the freedun vf upendi and of llii
pregfi, uui at tiie aurne time we. must u"
ur own juagmeiil as lo the expediency ol
puuiinnini wimt we receive. VVe nub s
tba following iw an ant of justice 10 th
Writer, ami hope tluit i lie, editor of the
.TT0 '?: , . 'T"Vr!' "1,vu u,e n""l!l"
uwa vi oprn 111a cuiuinnsio llwe wlioin lie
"l"1 V.?. !' woecuiiytojf too ,im, h
01 our preciou space to allow all thoso he
epent upon itu hi pop gun to return the
nrewroiign our column. , ilioaueofthe
game wouldn'i pay. . ! . '
' Brother JrfuUoon Ou'rhy return home,
miter aeveral day absence, I fund ihe. 3d
,..'..0! J-?"1", Par?r ," 1,16 V'ble-, .,n '"
t ,. I
.reply to my tu-noii, '.'Why yoU chose to
ctt a CampbeUUes, instead of a scriptu-
rai name or nunies hy which we call our-
aeivea, dec, you nay you "did not utn ihe
. term Campbdlite by way of reproach; bui
...t..i.i 1 . ......
HrUOo.j uti ii iniwverientiy." JNow a
Webster'a dBoniti-m of inadvertently i
'heedleasly, carelessly, from want of atten -
iion, and inconsiderately,", I am enco.ir -
aged to impa that your humble correspond-
etil will enable you to see and acknowledge
v.. iu onier expressions aiil etalements .
:- -.1. - ..:.. .
wiiu regard to us you have been inadver
tent also. I say I have hones of ihus siie -
coeding, as you have confessed thutroia-
. y ' j-"."" wiiii niiipueii-
rjlinl. Ittlltlt Vflll I.D,,rt tlta t.ri I. It
iib nceoiessiy, cureless v. rum want nP
attention, inconsiderately which I have
Ho doubt is obvious to many of the- more
discerningBaplisis and as you , me a
young man, ami quite a young editor, and
as we Ooii t wish our yoiiu men, and es
pecially our young editors, to bo iiiadticr
tent, I will remind, yon of soim- other ex
pressions which appear very inadvertent
loiiiB. wiie ai least ot vour iiuhI promt
nent uaptist ministers has already bm
licara lo say. ljcar brother Mattoti il
So you see I ain really afraid if we J
not succeed in curintr our. vounL' cilii. r of
... I I I ...
j J 0 t
us iiiuikci ieiicy itno nis rasniles, I lie liaii
tists will not adopt his paper as ih W'A'x
posilnr" after all, ut tin ir next ....s ociaii. n
Consequently it will he rendered sum . h.u
Unpopular anionns!" them.i 'Rul ieih:is
4hcr is still a chance for it lo b ni-tMih-.1.
s some of my bretlmn have elr. a lv ' s
isted i getting ni st.irt .il; un,1 as . j
eeem WO pleased Wl It It, "except . Its iliud
vertency,' if the Baptists will ni'.'i nd..pt ii
s llieir oracle, when yoti ense;ti I ins.
verteni in your terms and language liiiout
s we' will double our diligence and see
what can bu done, ' B ir I do hope you
will not bo reduced to this alternative, fir
lagren with brother Riley that -it U iloiiljl
ful whether the liiptisls' t!, to H man.
rally to your support. Henc yi.'ii 11111.1
depend (to soino extent ). for. 'mi ppi.n iij,n
- ubscriptions outside tho 'di-neuiiM.iiioii.,:
8d if the Baptist brother nbovul reforred to
!W1I undertake to cu re you of your rashness,
X will try id cure you of your inadvertencies
im speaking of, us.; Then :can bid you
God speed in some things that I .supposed
, you. Would, do speedily, such as advocating
Jlibhl fei iaion, bulieversMuirnersion, &c. ' "
-i.iApd now to my part of the undertaking;
Mi don't be alsrmrd for t ar I ain gninjl..
4 -troiiblesonie-i custmne.r ; fur iT yoii
rwill acknowleilgy0'ur iiiMdcertfncW as
fwt as I point 1 hem out, !te j.,fj wilt'be i
sshoot D.- .:''Jt- ' Yoo har"Wdy kcC
tkmosrledgesf that you probably uVd the
just alri! out ihe "probably,'' and we will
ay mil fight,')' far. Of - r '-t J:;
" 2d.' You say yon fiave 'fio ohjection to
Ctlling''oof people' 'Reforruers,' or 'Dis
iplesi M kulls'li.em test,' if this1 will be
.sm'y satisfdctiorr, or please them any better."
i artswer.TtlWe terms, or eirher of them,
'wtn siit'dt better,' for the following rea
ton: Webster' says a Reformer Is one
Vhb fleets i: reformation, 6r amendment ;
4 reformed or marmers or abases' Then
xall is"Reformersf" iind tcll every body in
Oregbn'yes'. se'rid' tn'ff Erpositnr through
4iui iSe world ;"end It to "every Bapirs
toinlstee, Mpeetalfy In Oregon' and let him
tea ttat although yod" cannot esdl us uthe
Christian clurcb or "the church of Jftsus
Christ,' breansd this,',,-on!d ! virtually
fctVing rup that w, and not the Hapt'st.
kn tkt rn4 cbut'cri;,' Vet we Ref irmer
torn Ft is true frorr? other deno'minalionV,
'ten jiriceirfa! B'spfnU ejfnally.) ier'-g
. -i t : '
A Weekly Newspaper, devoid to "the 'Principle of Joflvrsoniun Democracy, 'nnd advocating'
tt , t r ,
v " 1 AA"
I h ri.fortuALiDti iu.ih.si.v. uii miii'iiitini it
"muimers" necessary, with rpnnJ to nmny
I tliinu", of : which tiini would fail us to
apeak, ; purl it-ul.i rly kik-Ii us divisions,
i ...:r . . - i -. it
v'nw-, vri'-i-iw,," Ol lllllll, rtMllSIIIJ Ml
a commune with each other, without remm!
to li(f.-rfnc of opinion, montlilv meeting.
and Saturday conns, .instead if mectinsr
when practicable upon evurj- fir.t day,
did ill., lirl ClirUtiuiu ; coiiiiiiiiiiini ihru
or four liinin n iver, innind of "mi'et.n"
hiii-tlu r on ilu. firit ilny of the wnek Icil
brink bre.id." Yen, call un R. foriiu.ru
and limn ne(nutile' ilmt we luivv
'umendi-d ' abu- in maiinera. ' Thie will'
- "aiwf u." will "iiUae u..',' . Thn. itJ
you Mill br lieve the BepiiMa "right in iv
try particular," you of cmime bcliev
1 1 i.-m ' riirlit" in nimt. iml :r
- reformed" with regard to the name, ihenj
it tndt iltus : in calling ue "Kefoimer
yu virtually aay the Uiiptinn am ri-iht
aud we are "righfer." Qnerv. who M
"righttiPt I am aware that rij-lil, in the!
Kinn E.iirlish adiniu not of compariaon d
hut as you charge me with appearing "ri
diculoui" in askin-' vou to call us ih,.
cluneli of Jesus ChriM." I 'will quit thie
Point bi HHvincr that I whom vou rail "rl-
dioulom" have placed jou ina"ridiculous'
attitude, anil bare manufactured soma ri
"''ouloin" giammar in doin so.
, Panlm. me", I must nay one thing more
in retraid to the-liume "Bantist church.1'
Now a-i you cannot find the aentence
'Baptist ehurch" in the Bible, fonleaa vou
can liud what 1 could not, when I be'ean to
re'brm from tho ''abuses," even of name.)
and as a "Reformer" i one who reform.
1 from abuses, and as I conceive it I bo an
1 abuse, so far as name is' concerned, to call
ourselves tho Baalist church, when we can
not find that name used in tho' Kil.le )
,my writer with regard to church or denmn
i .nation, ihorefi.ro when vou call us "Re-
1 foinir" vnn Kui. nu .nmU. tr... i 111
us aud others, that we have reformed from
I.L I fi .1 r. . . . .
me aniise nj. me name.; Bo I tiiinK youj
mor n a u..ll .l,,.la ... ..n ... .1..
"church of Jesus Christ," or Christian!
chuii h. Yet '"Reformers," or "Disciples,''
suits us very well.
I may possibly in . my next try to show
you a few other inadvertencies'; bat don't
rl ton anxious about it, And, in linderta
king lo wriio an answer, pen down ton
many inadvertencies, or I ftar I cannot
writ my next with any ceitaiuty of suu-
r fly tlie way, ilon't get "rash," and charg-
me as vuil have brother Ciininbell. I list I
whs excluded fuuri tho "Baptist church ."i
( ,r tl,is ...!,! n.,t ...,iu i.n ..i, u. (1
In ,.!,l i i. ,..). u, A
I " ... .miii uui i u ' iii.iu, vuy uilll II t-.m
I walked out from the Pmniist "abuses" a-i
w, II reioinmenili'il ns heart colilil wish. ;
Such is the ease also with many, very
nim v. of our I)', tlii'i-n, in Orei'oii aud ele
wheifr. ii : ; .:, . , , . . ...
, In com lui:ou. for ihe presi lit. I w ill a ,
;!;'. lit V r. colli ctioii is I hut hruthvr tJinnu.
,,.U,,I ,. vim,ch t which he belonged
I. ft tin' iapli-ts and their creid, and lirst
; rt Kiriiiud'' lioin liapiist "abuses V, .. (I
have just. Ii,i.l a chat with father Davidson;
his.icolluiiiii i the same.) .And they,
the Association, excluded him, as they
called it, after wards. ..But our nieniorv
tnav j he at f.oilt, Lui if our tec Ih ction is
C'lrict, no iiiialit Mln v (tile liaulits)
thought it 'lu ri sy" for tlm pn atesi inan
of Uie age lo haVH them, and lake will:
h in 1 fiom tin ir f(nks iiiiichof the b'me auil
sinew' uf ihe denomination. !
,. 'Monmouth UniveMi
, Interior of North Westeiin Africa.
The , America u Colonization Society pro
pose to raise $10(J,HO() lo ettubjish a colo
ny, with all necessary provisions, for mj
grants, in the interior of Africa, awav
from the malarious influence of the coast.
At the meeting of the S.atu Society, in New
York, the present week, Rev. John Se)s, a
former resident, of Liberia, announced that
bu was iutonding lo visit L'brf;i soon, Iq
lest the salubrity of. the upp.-r couuiry. in
the interior to which emigrants migl.l be
sent . wiihout being exposed to malaria.
lie believed from: what , he knew of 'the
country that U was aulubrions, rich in vegr
etable productions, and that he feiupera
lurewas never below 70 dpg. and never
al)ove 80 d-g. The coltno in A frica was a
prreooial plant growing to gigantic ,tK
and it is equal to the best sea-inland cotton.
The irorv ore is so pure thai it yields , over
93 10U of mntal. . , , ,,, . 7)
EtBCTtro Clock. Sdlimsa's - Joamal
snysr ''The ci'j of Marseille has under-
lsk to establislv a' eomplei system uf
eltiric clocks. ' One hundred clocks - wil
'e up by t he. first ofMay. ' The arrange-rrN-ms
require tle laying of 40,000 meters
of conducting wire.1' The clocks will be
plaed ill the street gs lamps, so that the
hour may he read by night tt well as by day.
The wbofc wilT cost only 28,000 frtnes,
and the eitre aoa ttipply of tbcn jr yea
I ii i'-i, V0"'e ii'ioiis. lirresies, ' (Sl'UlS. 111. - ; . , ll. i
. ' '"", llie adjacent coasts, iind d'rvd
lii I "
niagrmtai brlwrva lbs Ilea
lllcharil anil Hfrapls. .,
Leavlni' lhi Fiji ill, Ciiinn "lorn J,iu,,
truised ir ihe iiiomh of the llnuiher mnl
toul vessels bound fur London. On t lie
moruinir of ihe 2.1.1 of Seiiteinber, 1770.
khi- iinfiriunaielv fell in with tho A lianc.
with which he hail parted company a few I pleilhiM uml.-r eny sail. Bred a broadside
days before. His squadron then coiuisierl 1 itilu the Rivluiid'a quaiter, and killed srv
ol the AHiiuic-.ihp I'allas, th V. neniice, Mru' f her men. A ha ranged past fur
and hwown, ihe linn il'itume Richard, an huho'ird lie gave another ruking fire, with
old half worn out merchant ship, carrying
tuny t!iin, with a crew ol nhotit foiirhun
divd nvn, coitiiiosed ( reiiresentuiives of
alioosi every nation in Kurope, and even'
some Malays, while the ntiiiil..r of Ainer j
leans did not exceed eighty. The crews of
tho other vesaols were mostly frenchmen.
Jones had been anxiously waitinu for the
Baltic fleet; and on the afternoon of that
day it appeared oil" Flauib irough Head,
forty sail in number, and convoyed by the
nev ship Serapis, mourning forty-four guns,
and the C'untcs of Scarborough, of twenty
guns. The apparition of the American
squadron iu the northern horizon caused
much alarm and coufusion in I hat merchant
fleet, and Jones hastened to profit by It.
A;:aiii the perverse Lantlais was his evil
genius. When Jones signaled ihe squad
ron to form a line of battlo for attack. Lan
dais refused compliance. Joiieslhen pressed
sun on hip uicliaro, and niadu chase, fol
lowed bv tho I alias aud V engeance. The
canvas of nil was but slightly bent by the
fen tie land lireeze nt sunset, which scarce'
ly dimpled the smooth bosom of UriiHing
ton Bav. When ihe KnulUh perceived es
cape to be qu'te impossible, their two armed
Iv.sscU prepared for action. Slowly the
jnon liomme iticlinrd and serapis ap
Iproached each other, and at twilight they
were not yet within reach of each other'
jiuns. J hey weru so near the land that
hundreds of people, who had collected on
tne shores, saw the marine duelists ap
uronch for conflict. ' "." .
For a little while the pall of night lay
black upon the land and water. All was
darkness and , silence : and ilio excited
half-breathless spectators on the shore saw
no Mgns of the lightning and Mo thunder
that were so..n to burst from ihe brood itii!
(loom in the east. Then the golden dUc
nt a lull moon arose ab ive the arc of the
North Sen, awav toward the ahores ofl
Denmark, and upon the shimmerim: curtain
of pale light around it the forms of the two
hostile vessels, hl ick as ra vens, weresliart;
ly penciled.'1 Slowly they npproichd each
other, like dioramio fij;tires. iTn went the
red ensign of the Uritish navy, instead of
the cross of at, ueorgo, nnd was nailed to
the Hag stall of tho .Vratns. . SluitL'ishlr
in tho gentle breeze 11 Altered Jhe stripes
ami stars over the Richard, as she roundel
lo on tlm la i board quarter of her anliigo.
nist, within pis ol. shot, distauoe," A glitter
and n glare fla.-hed over the'dark waters
as the lower deck ports of the Serapis were
triced up, and .displayed two complete bat
teries, aim a well annc.it spar oVck, all light
ed aud cleared for action. The Richard
displayed her heavy guns at the same time,
wllH" " I'-i'-'Ush ernnmander hailed 'What
ship is that J' Jones hurled an eight 'ni-
pnund shot in reply, thut wnt oraslnug
tnroogn a port ot the Serapis and splinter-
d u gnu carrisnu on the lesiihi of her
lower deck. I he tempest-cloud was now
riven, and the liolnning and the thunder of
two heavy hroailMdes flashed and boomed
v i' I ho snioo'h waters. Tlius was begun
inn of tint most terrible si-a (ighls recoi ded
y liis'oty. . .
The Riohurd had a gun room bailery on
her lower deck, of six old eighteen pound--rs,
which had served faithfully in the
Kr nch navy fu'r thirty vears. ' Af the first
'lischarge two f them burst, killing almost
every inan in the guii-iooin, and partially
deiihilishiiiii the deck above, while ;ie
hea y round shot of the Serapis made se
vere ; breaches in the decaying limbers of
he old vessel.. Junes instantly .ordered,
'tis lonvr deck ports to be closed, atel that
'lal erv' was abatl'loiied. The filing was
inc splint, and e'ch ship strove earnestly
W Uili an advantage, iu position, over the
o'her. There was riot wind enrmeh to aid
skillful seamanship, and in a few minutes
the Richard ran into tho Serapi on her
'arboard .quaferi and their si.ftis and riff-:
gtng b' c tine en:aoiled.' The a reat gnus of
th" combatants" were now almost useless,
and Joties, at the head of his Americans,
lurnipieo to ooard the enemy. .After a
sharp arid 'ilose contest on the rjuarier
deck, be was repulsed,' and Capti Pearson,'
Of III f herapis, who. could not set "the:
Amer canJLig.ui ihu miiU of ike smoke.
cri, J 01U, ,','lias j our ship struck I" Jones
instantly n-'plUd, ' I have not yet begun to
fight "' ' "' ' 1 '
'The Vessels now separated, and Jones
made an attempt lo lay the Riidinrd ath wart
the hawse of the 8rapia. Ha failed, and
moment afterward tho two ships lav
broadside to Woadsjda, the muzzles of their
guns Joii'cliiiiir each other.' The Serapis
uiu.Mntn,,!. 1 It A lOt.r antt..H n'r.rl F
iii.jvii ... vt'-r. 0..11,-,, an, 1 tum-s n
hoj.e of success waJfu his present position.
so he la-diid the ships together, and in that
close emb ace tliaV poured ihein terrible
volleys into each otjier with awljj:! etreet.
It was now haif.pajt eiuhb in lh evcuinir.
and the conf! ct had rand for an hour. , U
grew more furious as the flow of blood in
creased ; and from deck to deck of ihe en-
tailzied vessels ihecombitanis ruslieu mat-
ly.'. fitting like demons with pike, pistol,
and cutlass.- Jones K-euwd aimnl omni
present now: directing the gunuers, now
urging ihe musketeers in thtf tops to vigor
ous Hekm, and at times cngagej 'in ih
thickest ,f a lorr;b!e hand to fiaiiil.ngtil.
Ihe Itichard and her crew sHliered turribly,
yet they, fought on. She had been pierced
by several eighteen-pound balls below wa
ter, and leaked badly; yt her pumps were
untouched, and .the warning voice of her
carpenter, was unaecied. ' .,,. ,,.,
A new enem r.o ar!iared. Wh.n
rjthe Richard garchaM lothe Serapis, and I
tli r& b;: 5rn fW3 tbeCatea f
O.T., J UL Y 2 C, ; 1 8 5 G.
Sculoruivh, Landui placed ihe .Mlimicu
al a kiife distance, and with the leemiiig
dikinii-restediicsa of an umpire ho looked on
calmly when the unequal contest bean
N'heu it hud ' ra(ffd for about I wo hours,
aud Ihe inuoii had amended UlU ctiuiili
in the unclouded fky lo flood ihe VcksuU
and Ihe sea wnh li'hi, and inako Iheircuii
dilioii clear, lie ran down fnard the j,'ra:
fatal elfuct : nnd thus he continued nourin''
denih upon 1 hit' crippled, shattered, sinking
"hip, while her siuiinl lights of Teooi'iiiiioii
wrre i foil view, and despairing Voices
f''"'n her deck shouted supplications, in
j t,y(l tiame, for linn to forbear, foi ha was
bruising the wrong vessel. ' tt was the
right ship for him. tie mads no mistake,
but was pi act icing foulest villainy black
est treason, lis hoped to kill Jones, make
an easy prize of tho Si rapis, and gain all
the honors of a greal victory. There was
a (iod of justice who defended tho right,
and ihe miscreant failed. The courage of
Jones quailed not 111 that dreadful hour,
nor wcro hia wonderful eflbrN slackened,
ihouh tho guns of the Alliance had swept
ntatiyof a fine corps of marines from ihe
Richard's poop, and had aided the enemy in
silencing every one of his great guns ex
cept two uine-pouuderson thequartor-deck.
Soon the commander there was badly
wounded, and his men were scalt'ivd
Jones took his place, collected a few brave
fellows, and shifted one of the larboard gum
to a proper position. These were ihe only
cannons fire from tho Richard during the
remainder of the action. - They swept the
deck oftheSernpis with grape and cannis
tor shut, and against her main-mast double-hcad-'d
shot were hurled with destructive
efj'ecl. Tho marines in tho tops of the
Richnrdsoon killed or dispersed those of
Ihu enemy, and ihey cast hand-grenades
wiiu such energy and success, that the Se
rapis was set uu fire in a dozen diffcront
places at the same time. Our of the gren
ades ignited some cartiidgis,t,nd the explo
sion killed twenty men, and maimed as
many more. V- -r .. .. .
Iu ihe midst of the appalling scene, when
both ships were on fire, the wounded car
penterofthe Richard said she must tiuk.
Ihe rnglitened gunner ran aft to pull down
the American flag, but a round shot had
carrioJ- way the ensign-yard an hour be,
fore. Then the gunner cried "Quarter 1
for (jod's sake quarter ! Our ship is sink
ing!" , He continued his cries until Jones
silenced him by hurling a discharged pis
tol af his head, which fractured his skull
and sent him headlong down tho hatch
wav. ' .. .
'Do vou call for quarters 1 ' shouted
Captain rearson to Jones. .'" s
"iNever 1 responded the . lion-hearted
Theii I'll give none," replied Pearson,
and immediately sent a patty to boa id the
Richard. " They we re met at the rail bv
Jonea, with pike in hand, and auppraing lie
liud many jiko him at his back, the enemy
retreated. At that moment there was the
sound of many feet rushing to the upper
itecK ot Ilio luchnrd. I he master at. aims,
influenced by either trrnchery orhumanity
huu released all the prisoners on board
Onuofthein had is aped to tha Serapis,
and informed the commander of the utter.
ly crippled condition of the Richard, tin
cutiraged by the intelligence, Pearjon re
newed Hip battle with increased vieor.
The situation of Jones was now extretulv
cri'ical. His vhip was sinking ; his heavy
gun were all -silenced,-except whr're he
was nailing; one of his own squadron
was tieaolinrouslv sailinvf round and rakini;
Ins shattered vessel with deanly broadsides
some of his officers were determined on sur
rendering; othetswere cmnrrforounrters:
and a large number of prisoners were free
to 1I0 as they pleased. Nothina; ever ap.
pea red more hopeless than his prospect of
success., Uui lie hud resources wnhiu him
self, at such an hour, ro-sessrd by few nipn
lie saw the nttrtght of tho prisoners at the
idea tif' sinking, and ordered them lo the
pumps to save their lives. , As he expected,
the first law of naiHra overcame their de-Ire
for liberty and ditv Id tludr king. They
obeyed, hnd did not attempt 10 take iidviiu
tai'f of tha few eflicienl men left of , the
Richard. , r ..
Suddenly,1 now, the Harries began lo creep
up the rising of the" Serapis, nnd in their
giitru.and the full lightof the moon, Jones
saw that her mainmast had been hewn .al
most asunder bv his douhle.headrd shots.
lie immediately renewid the assault at that
point, and the tall mast reeled.' Ciiptuin
Pearson perceived his danger, and lacking
tne courage nnd obstinacy or Jones in ' ihe
moment of great peril, ho struck his flag,
and surrendered to his really weaker foe.
"ft is painful,'' he said, in a surly manner,
to Jours.". Ho deliver up my sword to a
man who has fought with a halter around
his neck." Jones preserved ,Jiis iontper.
and courteously replied, ns he returned the
weapon "Sir, you' hove fought like a
hero ; and I make no doubt btit your sov
ereign will reward ynu.iu tho most ample
manner. , Even so it happenud. for knight
hood awaited Captain Pen'son, al ihe
hands of King Oporge the' Third, becJitiv
of his bravery on that occasion It is dd
lhat when Jones was told of lbs honor con
ferred tpou his autagonist, he remarked!
"Well, Im deserves it ; and if I fall in with
him again,;! will moke a lord of Mm !"
Fnraliiio.t ihreu hours, the battle had
raged with iiriabsted fury, and Cre was now
rapidly eohstimin' hoih ship's. ' All hands
were at once employed in ettingnisdiipg'
th flames. 1 ' Soon alter tha English com
mander Wnit'.on board the Richard the
vessels wera diseniaeed. . .The .eutanuled
spars and rigging had kept the -n limst
of the Serapis from .falli-.g . B0W'" . w pr,t
down, will; lerriW crsth, enrrying wi:h
it 1 he mizeri ;opmt, .That ,Ricard was
damaged past recovery. . Joiitstsid, in hit
riort, "The rudder was cutentirclv cif,
t' - - e t?.n-fndi t-H rdwatrettKtt
the" side of Truth' in every issue.
cut entirely away, and the timbers by the
lower deck, especially from the mainmast
toward tho stern, bvi:ig greatly decayed
w uu age, wero mangled beyond my power
of description ; and a person inttst lime
been an eve witness, to form a just idea of
the tremendous scene of carnage, wreck nnd
rum which every whore npih-ared. Pns
oners and men wem all transferred to ike
Si'rupis, nnd on the evening of the 25lb
ihe wreck of the Bon Homme R:cWd went
down into the deep valleys of the North
The Baltic fleet had escaped behind Flam
borouh lleud (luring the fight, because
the Alliance and Vengeance were remiss
111 duty ( but the (Joiinletsof Scarborough
had surrendered lo the Pull as after an hour'
conflict, notwithstanding the wicked Lan
dais had poured some deadly shots into
tii.U victor also, during the fiirht. and killed
several of her men. After tossing about
on the North Sea for ten days, Jones ran
into the 1 c.xcl with Ins little squadron and
prizeB, a few hours before eleven I .nglish
ships of war, that had been sent after him,
appeared ill lac oiling.
The victory oft he Richard over tho Siv
rapis, and tho other extraordinary exploit
of Jones during his reimirkablu cruise,
cauked a burst ofapilause wherever the
facta wero known. 11a was received at
Amsterdam with the wildest enthusiasm.
Crowds pressed around him with huzzas
and compliments wherever he appeared.
The cautious Franklin, who alwuys took
enthusiasm by tho throat when it tempted
him to toss up his cocked hat, wrote lo him
from Pnsy : "For some days after the ar
rival of your express, scarce any thins was
alked of al Paris and Versailles but vour
cool conduct, and persevering bravery dur
ing that terrible conflict. You may believe
that the impression on my mind was not
less strong than that of others ; but I do
not choose to say in. a letter to yourself all
1 think on such au occasion." . 1 he Lug-
lisli Ministers were, ot course, terribly en-
1 . 1.... 1:1 1 .. 1 . S 1 ...
1 11 yen , uui us uui-rai press anu us ucst
statesmen spoke out manly applause ; and
the epithet "Pirate," applied to Jones by
the Premier, and echoed by Sir Joseph
Yorke, the British Minister al tho Hague,
wns hissed w ith scorn by every generous
man. The French King gave him a flat
tering reception at court, and a few month
afterward presented him with an i'l'irant
gold inoiiftcd sword, upon : which, in the
midst of blended emblems of prance nnd
America, was the lionnrab'e Inscription;
VlNPICATI MARIS Lb'OOVICL'S XV I., KKMtt.
NERATOtt STRBNUO-VINDICI "I.nuis XVI.
re warder of the Valiant assertor of the free
dom of the .Sen.' In America his name
and deeds were uttered by every tongue,
and eight years afterwards tardy justice
itistruo the American Cunt: rota cave
him a gold medal in Commemoration of
his great victory.
K Fearful Adventure,
Tho Missouri Republican, in a letter
from a Kansas cui respondent, 10s ii)a f0
"At Si. Joseph haw Mr. A. T. Gorman,
of New'York, who has jusl come in from
the mountains in such a statu of prostration
and affliction as could only have been occa
sioned by such exposure, hardship and of
ferings as, perhaps, no other man ever sur
vived. . In company with a Canadian
Frenchman nnd iwo Kenliickinns he left
the country of the Blackfeet Indians Inst
Full 10 join C'ulvorson and party at Ft. Pier
re and accompany them lo(he States.
They arrived at Ft. Pierre two days after
Culversoii's departure, and hastened on af
ter, in the hope of overtaking him. On
the third day one of those snow storms
known only in those bleak anj elevuted re
gions opened upon them.
It came down in solid nnusos tothedeplh
of four feet, and was blown about by drift
ing winds, levelling uneven places, pene
trating nnd filling their w'apu nnd clothes
and obstructing their progress. Evening
was appioaching and they rooked to make
one more effort to reach a more protected
place before the night set in. They urged
their horses forward", but had not proceed
ed more than a few hundred yards Gor-
mau being mounted on one oftho teamsters,
and his companions in ' the wagon when
udilutdy he felt' himself precipitated, he
knew not how fur, into on abyss of snow.
HeAvas completely covered over and could
not tell which way to turn.'' ' '
He struggled on however, making a slow
and tedious way, until ho came to the sur
face ho ttitpocd a hundred yards from
w here he sanki" He looked around for his
companions, but neither they hor the wag
on could bo seen. Tho pfuce where they
had fallen into the chasm was smoothed
over, nnd presented a plane of snow. He
cried aloud for them, but was only answer
ed by wild and wailing winds.
A feeling of dread aud desolation and des
pair cama over him, nnd he was about to
yield himself lo lhat death 1 which seamed
inevitable. Already had the cold penetrat
ed his frarhe ; darkness w ns covering ihe
ikies; the increasing winds whirled the
stiil falling snow more furiousiv I he was
alone in a vast, inhospitable, unknown
country,' without provision., without shel
ter, without arm; 0r ammunition, and he
"a fearful to take a stop in any direction,
lest he should again be boded in some deep
tthys.' " " -. t : 't ''r ' 'I :
Hi manhood wai subdued, he wept like
a child: the memories of his happy borne,
nd of h's mother, came fresh' upon him ;
b'ltvrr h tan aBxict Ifnt, tie iLlat-
One square (12 lines or his) on insertioa, f 3,0
" v " ' . Iwo Insertions,' 4,00
three Insertions, 5,(t
Fach subsequent insertion, 1,00
Reasonable deductions to those who advertlsk by
: . .- Uie year. J
" Job Printing:' '
Tut raoraiKTos or tiis ARGUS is asrrr
to inform tlis pnkllo that he has just received a ,
lars stork of JOU TVTE and other aew prists
in iiinti riul, and will be in the , ccxly reee'pt of
nililitlons suited to all the requlten.rnts of this lo
cality. liANDMIf.I.S, POSTEltS, HLANK8,
CAKIW, ClltCULARS, PAMl'HLKT-WOKK
and oilier kinds, dune to order, on short nolioo. "
orable jeara, (hat his unknown futo would'
cause her ; if ho could only send hor one
word ofaflcctlonate adieu, hecotdd die in
peace ; hut thut could not be and he mutt
rouse himself. Ho offered hit first prayer"
fur heavenly aid ; ho arose and moved for
ward through the darkness and the drifts
lie sometimes fell from exhaustion, and
felt inclined to repose ; but be knew lhat
or.e moment's p.iuso was fatal, and he
struggled on. .. . 1 '.- I
The next day he aw t.imc bushes, which
gave him hopo of rust and warmth, : but.
when he reached them ho found, to bit die'
may, thut the matches in his pocket were
wet and spoiled, and could not be ignited1
His feci had become tore and so swollen,
from constant walking as to burst the sole
from his shout, and he was compelled to
crawl and tumble himself along. Thus he'
worked hit way slowly but unceasingly.
through the next night and the next day,;
becoming more faint each hour, and aufler!
ing a thousand deaths from huuger, ihirst,'
frosUd limbs, tore feet, weariness and drow-,'
siness, when bo dotcried a hut a short way
Suddenly revived, like a candle flicker
ing In the socket, he sprang and ran for,
word a few steps and screamed for help,
and fell senseless in tho snow. Soma In,
di ans at tho but saw nnd heard him, and;
went and brought him in, and used all their
restoratives upon him; but it wai aeveral
days before he returned to concloutncst, and
six long weeks before he left his bed. Ha
lost several of his toes nnd Is otherwise
permanently injured, but, through the at'
sljtance of some generout gentlemen of St.
Joseph, be will bo enabled to reach fcia
home. ' " - -
:.t, ( -:1
His companions have never been heard.
of. The place where they perished Mr,
Gorman ascertained to be about thirty
miles from where the steamer White Cloud
liea ; but the mow was still deep in tha
gulches when he left there. He gave their
names, but I regret that they bave escaped
my memory. .. ' .
Absorption op India By England. TLV
Maiquitot Dalhousie ha closed hie eight'
years' government of India by adding to'
our Indian empire, already a very monster
for magnitude, a country nt large and pop'
ulous as his native Scotland, and consider '
ably more fertile. But thi latest of tba'
governor generals has had a very furor ot
annexation. He has annexed the Punjabi'
with an area of 76,030 square miles, and a'
population of 7,000,000 5 he hat annexed '
Bexar, with an area of 20,'000 square mllea, '
and a population of 1,1)00,000 ; and he ha '
annexed th kingdom of Oude, with an"
area of 34,000 sqdare miles, and a popula-7
lion of 2,000,000. : '"' '-""'o't
. Without including tome minor annexa'
tioni, such as Sattara and Jltansi, for the :
Dalhousie drag-net brings in sprats and '
whales alike, tho noble lord has thut added '
to our Indian dominions countries equal to ;
twice th extent of tho three United King '
domt, with a population exceeding In num '
hor all Ihe inhabitant together of Belgium,
Holland, Denmark, and the two Scandium '
t-lan kingdoms. ' 1 ;. ''",
; Truly, "a mighty hunter nnd hi prey la ,
man," it this Marquis of Dalhousie I Tho
financial results are vory far, indeed, from ,''
corresponding with the mightiness of these,:
acquisitions. In every year of the admin-!,
titration of Dalhousie, with the exception 4
of one, when thcro was a paltry surplue of. 1
252,000, thore has been a defalcation of .
revenue averaging from 1,000,000 to o
3,000,009, and last year it wa the worst'
of all, for the deficiency amounted to &,- -1
300,000, a sum equivalent to a defalcation ''
of 8,000,000 in the imperial rovenua, 1 ,.
London Examiner, ;, , :, '... ;,.;i.i.:r
: " T :'. VIS !
Decline or Cituitcti Attendance.
The Colporteur, the organ of the American
and foreign Bible tociity, ay that of tha, 0
one million of people In New York city and,
the places immediately adjacent, there are
moro than 800,000 who do not attend pub ,(
lie worship. In Philadelphia nnd Boston it
it ascertained that at least throe fourths of
the people habitually absent themselves
from church, aud the same is true of other
places. The religious denominations, too,
have greatly decreased in number within-.
the pakt ten years. The membership in ,
the New York Daptisl churches has decreat
d 662 since 1645, although the population
has increased 2ol,930. . The Presbyterian -
(n ten years, from 1643 to 1833, had d-.
crracd in number 000. The Methodist ,
in tho same lime had lost 401 ; and there
has been but one self supporting Reformed ,
Dutch church planted in lhat city during
fifteen ij ,,;-,
. ,' . - -'')
EditohialTuieviso. The worst steaU
ing of all, i the republishing of article.
not news as original matter, without giving
stiy credit at all. An editor-would b
equally ai honest In stealing garment l
clothe hi body, as in stealing other "neo'a
id- as and language to clo;he bis own OC3
Us tlfatCiasZtV-tvlb Ji'riL ,.,