Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
THE OREGON AlfCUS,
t :!. rVULIMIKD SVIIV 4TOHD1T MOlNINd,
x BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
Office-Good's Building, Main st.
i JXi tvoow n lirst story.
an j n . rati .....
jbb,ti.im Atom tff s furmihtd at
Unuai! ana r,Jiy V,nti fft annum,
. h.j .? "llt mbtaribtriTirti Dollar!
laeh la clulil of ten at out aMs
tlf Two Dollar! for tlx month! No lubierip.
lion! rteeittd fur a Utt n.nJ
W. N pafir dlMMmutd until all arrearage,
ore paia, unmu at llu option of thi puldinhrr.
. L.rniv as ii Kit uuiruge em t.
nr TKLCURAru w tub new -tori tiisuxi
Boston, Monday, June 2, 1850.
i the Hun. ISdward Eve re It dolivered kit
address on .Washington, in Taunton, on
F riday evening lnt, on whicli occasion, after
alluding to the distinguished favor with
which 1 1)0 address had h'en received In
various purl of the country, and futin;1
that the character of Washington wan tm
only subject which had. the power to call
L i in out from hit retirement to address pub
iio i audiences rrioro frequently than is con
sistent wiih his Lcullh or iho purpose ol
liislife, ho said :
"But, with the satisfaction whidi 1M
fh adJressingyou at ibis time, are mingled
feelings of tho ' profbundest anxiety and
sgritf. A sadness, which I drive in vain to
repress, ; overwhelms mo at the thought of
the .occurjvuuces of the pant week, and a
ji-vlou apprehension forces itself upon my
jnmd that 'Cents are oven now in train,
with ah Impulse too .'chty to bo resisted,
wbbJh will cause our beloved country to
abed tears f blood through all her boru'.?rs
for generations yot to come. The civil war,
w.ih Us horrid train or fire and slaughter,
carried on without the slightest provocation
Sfininsl lite infunt settlements of our breth
ran on iho frontier of the Union llu worse
than civil , war which, ufter raj-inn for
.months unrebuked at the Capitol of the
Umoa, nas at lentil), with a lawless vio
lence of which I know no example in the
nunaW of , Constitutional Uovernment,
stained the floor of tho Senate Chamber
with the blood of a defenseless man, and he
a Senator from Massachusetts. Ohl my
good friends, these are events which, for
the good name, the peace, the safety of the
country, it were well worth all the gold of
- Oatilornia to lilot ironi t lie record of the
pant week. ' They sicken the heart of the
jgood citizen, of the Christian ; they awaken
gloomy doubt whether the toils, the sacri
fices and tlm sM(leiin"our fathers endured
for the sake of founding a higher, a purer
and a freer civilization on this Western
Continent than the world had yet seen,
have not been endured in vain. For my
.self, my friends, they 611 me with sorrow
too dufp for tears.' am not ashamed of
'the weakness, for I sorrow not for myself.
My few remaining years aro running too
rapidly ton close to allow mo to afach
much Importance to anything this sidH of
the grave which cticerns me imliviiliially :
lul sorrow beyond the power of words to
express for the nbj'cls of affection w hich I
eikall leave behind : for mv children, for mv
country; and God is my witness that, if by
laying down mv life at this hour, I could
....t .. i.... i....." i .1 .i... i ... . ... .
.years,, beginning with the disastrous r peal
if tho Missouri Compromise, to embitter
tho didl-rent sections of the country against
ach other, and Weaken the lies which
bind .them, 1 would, willingly and .cheer
fully . make the sacrifice. JJmI I not think
-there is a healing charm in lint name of
. Washington, that attachment and venera
tion for his character is almost the only
kindly seutimuiH that, pervades the whole
country, and that in the contemplation of
that character there is a spirit of wisdom
to guide nnd of love to soothe anil unite,
I would even now throw myself upon your
indulgence to excuse me from the duties of
' i tVrpitrt of the lloune I'.ommlUee.
tin. Majority und minority report! from the
.Special Committee on the Sumner Assault
.were presented, and laid on the table to
.print..; The following is tho majority report:
-ii The .Select Cominitteo appointed under
4he resolution of the House, passed on the
23d .day of May, 1830, to investigate the
.subject of the assault alludged to have been
.made jn the Senate Chamber by the lion.
, Preston S. Brooks .and oi her Members of
;he loose, upon the Hon. Chailes Sumner,
Senator from th,e Slate of Massachusetts;
and to whom the House refered the pro
jCeedings of the S-.-natn, announcing that
.ihut coordinate branch of Congress "makes
complaint to the House of Representatives
of the assault committed by one of its
'Members the Hon. Preston S.Brooks
upon the Hon. Charles Sumner, a Senator
from the State of Massachusetts," Iteport :
That upon a full investigation of thp,
'subject thoy concur in the following con
''elusions,' which the Senate seem unani
'mously to have declared :
I. "That the Hon. Prpston S. Brooks, a
'tnemberof the House of Representatives
'from tho State of South Carolina, did, on
- the 23d day of the present month, after
'adjournment of the Senate, and while Mr.
Sumner was writing at his desk in the Sen
ate chamber, assault with considerable vi
olence, striking him numerous blows on
and about the head with a walking slick,
wUiaI aiiI li!a ha aH rift i-iiaa lt.11 liim fn
. 'WIMCU V sw uiiiHuii u mill VI
lbs tirao being from attending to his duties
. in the Senate.,,
II. "That this assault w as a breach of
. the privileges of the Senate."
111. I list It is noi wnnin me j'insaic
lion f the Senate, and can only be punish
ed by the House of Representatives of
' vhich Mr. Brooks is a member."
" IV. That the Senate "for a brpach of its
friviliges cannot arrest a member of the
louse of Representatives," and, a fortiori,
'""cannot try and punish him," and that
"ilat certainly devolves upon '.he House of
hifb he is a member."
" The Committee therefore report back the
'. wmplaint of the Senate, wiih the journal of
'. their proceedings and the les'imony laken
in the premises, pursuant to the resolution
1 of the House.
The testimony discloses the following
. n- IJ .j -P.....l, loth
' and 20th days of May, 1S59, Mr. Sumner
.i i. j - 1 l : it.. Q....... .nnir
to the Senator from South Carolina (Mr.
Bailer) and other Senaiors, as authorised
copy of which is appended to tbc testimony
and forms a part of this report. .
It arrears tha; n ear!ya Tcefia, te-
-A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Principles of Jefliirsoi
fore the speech was concluded. Mr. llrook
look exceptions to the remarks of iho Sen
ator, ami that on Wednesday morning, af
ter the delivery of the speech, lis declared
to Mr. Edmundson of the Home, whom
be casually met in the Capitol grounds a
short lime beforo the meeting of tho two
houses, that he intended to inflict violence
upon the person of Mr. Sumner, ns a pun
islnneiit for language utiored in his speech,
lie therefore requested Mr. Edmundson
to walk with him, and nftor taking a seal
near the walk leading fiom I'ennsvlvania
...luuv wiw v'liMiiui, ne rs nresseu a ue
........ .A t. -'... I I l
siro that Mr. Hdiuun!son should be pres
ent a a witness to the transaction ; that
they remained some fifteen minutes await
ing tho approach of Mr. Sumner, and then
procoed.-d to the Capitol.
On Thursday morning he aunin cau.
ally met Mr. Edmundson at the western
entrance to tho Capitol grounds on 1'enn
sylvania avenue, a point which command
ed a view of all the aniircachei to the
Capitol from that portion of the city in
which Mr. utntnir results.' Here ho a cram
informed Mr. Edmundson that he was on
the lookout for Mr. Sumner for the purpose
of making the attack, and, after remaining
for a short period, tha two proceeded to
After the reading of the Journal of the
House, on Thursday, the death of the Hon.
Mr. Miller, of Missouri, was announced,
addresses delivered, the customary resolu
tions adopted, and, thereupon, the House
When the Message was received by the
Senato from the House announcing the
death of Mr. Miller, a tribute of respect
was paid to the deceased by Senator Gey
cr in an address, and that body thereupon
also adjourned. Most of the Senators left
the S.-iiKie, a few only remaining. Mr.
Sumner continued in his sent engaged in
writing. Mr. Brooks approached, and ad
dressing a few words to him, immediately
commenced the attack by inflicting blows
upon his bare head, while in hia scat, with
a ctwie, said lobe ofgutta percha. Mr.
Sumner made nn effort to n'ee and ward
off the blows of his assailant, but they were
repeated with great rapidity and violence,
until he fell to the floor under the attack,
bleeding and powerless.
The wounds wero severe, and calculated
to endanger the life of the Senator, who
remained for several days in a critical con
dition. It appears that tho blows were in
flicted with a cane, the material of which
was about the specific gravity of hickory
or whalebone, one inch in diameter at the
largor end, and tapering to iho diameter of
about five-eighths of nn inch at tho smaller
end. J I is not too much to say that the
weapon used, was of a deadly character,
and that iho blows were indiscriminate! v
dealt, at the huzard of tho lifo of the as
The Committee have extended to all par.
lit a implicated the full ist facilities for ta
king exculpatory testimony. There is no
proi f to show, nor has it been in any way
intimated that Mr. Brooks, at any time, in
any mariner, directly or indirectly, notified
Mr. iMimner of Ins inten'ion to make the
assault. There is no rvidnnco that Mr.
Sumner ever carried wpnpons eithrr for
the iurpoc of attack or defense. On the
contrary, it appears that Mr. Sumner did
no) anticipiite personal violence until at
the instant he received the first blow, and
that he was not armed or otherwise pre
pared, in any respect, for self-defense.
'I'll ore is no evidence, beyond the charac
ter of ihe attack, tending to show an inten
tion on the part of Mr. Brooks to kill the
Senator ; his expressions being that he did
not intend to kill him, but to punish him ;
but tho Committee cannot but regard the
assault as a most flagrant violation, not
only of tho privileges of iho Senate and of
tho House, as coordinate branches of tuo
Legislative Department of the Govern.
menl, and the personal rights and privil
eges of the Senator, but of the rights of
his constituents, and of our character as a
nation. It was premeditated, during a
period of at least two days, without any
other provocation than words lawfully spo
ken in debate in the Senate Chamber, not
ruled out of order by the President of the
S.nate, nor ohjected to by any Senator as
violative of the rules established for the
government and order of that body.
I he act cannot thcruloro i,e regarded oy
the Committee otherwise than as an agra-
vatcd assault upon the inestimable right
of freedom of speech, guaranteed by the
Constitution. It asserts for physical force
a prerogative over governments, constitu
tions and laws, and, if carried to its ulti
mate consequences, must result in anarchy,
and bring into its train all the evils of a
"Reign of Terror."
Ihe Committee therefore, in conformity
to ihe spirit of the resolution of the House
and their sense of public duty, are con
strained to recommend to the House the
passage of surb a resolution as wilf vindi
cate i:a own character and rebuke the
member who has so unhappily for himself
nnd ihe country perpetrated this great
The Committee do not discuss the powers
of the House 10 punish its disorderly mem
bers, nor do they uudeitake to argue the
general question as to what constitutes a
breach 01 privilege. Tho passage of the
resolution raising the Committee is regard
ed as a declaraiion on the part of the
House of its power to call its members to
account for such acts as violate the privil
eges of the Senate. This assault'having
been committed by a member upon a Sen
ator, "while remaining iit hia seat in the
Senate Chamber in the performance of the
dutirs pertaining to his official station,"
and for words there spokin in debate, the
Committee have no doubt of the rights or
power of the House to adopt the resolutions
which they recommend.
No trstimony has been taken, nor are
the Committee aware of any, which shows
that any other member of the House was
either actively engaged in tbe assault or
dergned to commit aty rioJeace uj-on Mr.
Sumner, nor that any oilier knew the -'precise
limeHhcu" or "the place where" Mr.
Brooks would aiai him. It does appear,
however, thai the lion. Henry A. Ed
mundson of Virginia, and tho Hon. Law.
renee M. Keitt of Soiilh Carolina, Members
of the House, had boon previously inform
ed of the purpose of Mr. Brocks to commit
an assault upon Mr. Sumner, and that they
anticipated that the atnault would lake
place in or nenr the Senate Chamber about
we iime me occurrence did taKo place
Mr. Keitt was In the Senate Chamber. and
Mr. lidmundson in a room adjoining it,
at tho time the attack was made ; and it is
proved that Mr. Keitt rushed up with a
cane in a threatnlng manner when the by
standers attemted to protect Mr. Sumner
from Ihe blows of Mr. Brooks, and that
Mr. bdmundxon entered the Senate Chain
ber soon after Mr. Sumner fell.
The Committee do not feel themselves
justified in expressing the opinion upon the
testimony, that cither of these me in tiers
was a principle or accessory in the assault;
but regard their conduct in the transaction
and particularly in not taking steps to
prevent the perpetration of tbe wrong, or
to iuform the Senator of lilt danger as
Tbe Committee therefore recommend
tho Adoption of the following resolutions:
II hereas, I ha benate of Ihe Lnittd
Slates have transmitted to this House a
message complaining that Preston S.
Brooks, a Representative from the Slate of
South Carolina, com milted npon the person
of Charles Sumner, a Senator from the
Stale af Massachusetts, while seated at his
desk in tbe Senate Chamber after the ad
journment of that body, on tbe 23d of May
last, a violent assault winch disabled linn
from attending to his duties in the Senate,
and declaring that said assault was a
breach of tho privileges of that body: And
tchcrtas, upnn full investigation, it appean)
to this House thut the said rrcstoruS.
n i. t i f .l .r
urooas nas oeeo guiuy 01 lue assauncom
plained of by the Senate, with tbe most
aggravated circumstances of violence ; that
the same was a breach of the privileges, nol
only of the senate, but of tho senator as
sailed and of this House as a coordinate
branch of the Legislative Department of
tbe Uovernment, in direct violation or the
Constitution of the United States, which
declares that Senators ami Representatives,
for any speech or debate in either House,
shall not bo questioned in any other place;'
. .. . fT .1
Ana whereas, tuts liouse is or me opinion
that it has the power and ought to punish
the said Preston S. Brooks, fur the said as
sault, not only as a breach of the privilege
of tho Senator assailed, and of the Senate
and House as declared by the Constitution,
but as an act of disorderly behavior; And
trhereas, it further appears from such inves
tigation that Henry A. Edmundson, a Rep
resentative from the State of Virginia, nnd
Lawrence M. Keitt, a Representative from
the State of South Carolina, sometime pre
vious to the said assault, wero informed
that it was the purpose of iho said Preston
S. Brooks to commit violence upon the per
son of the said Charles Sumner, for words
used by him in debate as a Senator in the
Senate of the United States, and took no
measures to discourage or prevent the
same; but, on the contrary, anticipating
the commission of such violence, were
present on one or more occasions to wit
ness the same as friends of the' assailant;
therefore, ' ,
Retained, That Preston S. Brooks be and
he is forthwith. expelled from this House as
a Representative from tho State of South
Rtiohed, That this House hereby
clures its disaprobation of the said act o
Henry A. bdmundson and L.awronce M.
Keitt in regard to ssid assault."
LEWIS I). CAMPBELL.
FRANCIS E. SPINNER.
ALEX. C. M. PENNINGTON.
Mr. Howell Cobb, representing the mi
nority of the Committee, presented a mi
nority report, arguing that no breach of
privilege, under the Constitution, had been
committed, and that tbe House bad no
power to go beyond the Constitution iu de
ciding that a breach of privilege had been
The Outrage la the tstaal.
Tbe Louisville Journal, which is intense
in its hatred of Mr. Sumner, has a well con
sidered article upon the subject.
It calls for the prompl expulsion of Mr.
Brooks, adding that "if such things are tol
erated, Massachusetts should send rowdies
instead of men of intellect to Washington,
as she might find many a bully within her
borders who could make as short work with
Mr. Brooks as he made with Mr, Sumner
and thnt too without taking him at a simi
The Journal continues !
"It seems that Brooks attacked Sumner
because the latter bad in debate abused
South Carolina and Mr. Brooks' rather aged
relative, Senator Butler. The idea of using
a bludgeon upon a Senator for making a
speech against a State is monstrous. A
score of South Carolina members of Con
gress within tbe last few years have used
their whole power of abuse and vitupera
tion against Massachusetts, and as many
Massachusetts members have exercised
themselves upon South Carolina. A pitch
ed battle has long been raging between tbe
champions of those two Slates, and genei
ally the harshest and most offensive lan
guage has come from the South Carolinisns,
who don't like to be outdone in anything.
What Sumner may have said about Sena
tor Butler we know not, but we think that
tbe old Senator, who isquile as hVry-heart
edtls he is while beaded, would scorn the
thought of letting any younger man take a
quarrel with an abolitionist off his bands.
''We happened to be in the Senate Cham-
. . . ... . s
be, neartne c.owe ot n. last session o
grtss during one of the night d.scuwon. of
O.T., JULY 19, 185G.
ler, who is really a gentleman of many fine
aim generous personal qualities, liml bo-
come exceedingly elated from frequent
visits to the Senatorial U-stnurant. Sum
ner was making a severe speech thnt evi
deiitly had relercnce to the forcible ex
pulsion of Mr. Hoar, a venerable citizen of
MastiHchusct:, from tho limits of South
LuroliuA, hut he did not mention S.,i
Carolina' mime. . Mr. Butler interrupted
him by asking in a flerco tone "does he
mean bouih Curolina I" Sumner proceed
ed without noticing the interruption. "1
demand, ' exclaimed Butler, stalling again
to his feet "whether he means South Caro
lina ; for, if be does, let him say so, and I
wilt give hi in something to make bun re
moinbor me and South Carolina aa long as
lie lives. Mimner ttlll proceeded otiite
imperiurnaiiiv, ucsluwing no attention up
on bis excited opponent just in front of him.
"I'oes lie mean ooulh Carolina I ' ejaculat
ed Uuller for the third time. "Yes, I do
mean South Carolina," thundered Sumner
wiih more spirit than we had thought an ab
olitionist could possess. He finished hit
speech without further interruption, and
Butler rose to reply, but tho tine old South
Carolina gentleman was loo far gone to be
half equal to the tremendous occasion.
"We repeat the expression of the hope,
that, however obnoxious Sumner may justly
bo to the patriotic portion of the people of
tne united states, the House of Keprescn
tallvea will promptly expel Brooks if the
account of his assault upon the Massachu
setts Senator shall prove correct. - Indeed
the House of Representatives, it seems to
us, would be guilty of the grossed and
most shameful dereliction of duly to the
Senate if it were to refuse to punish one of
its own members for knocking down a Sen
ator upon the floor of the Senate for words
sanj in Senatorial debate."
iCorresponAence between Senator Wilson
. auA nr. Brooks.
KB. BROOKS TO SENATOR WILSON.
Flint's Uotkl, May 27, 1850,
Sir : In the Senate to-day, when refer
ring to tbe collision with Mr. Sumner, vou
spoke of my conduct as "cowardly," thus
making yourselt an arbitrator of truocour
In debate in the Senate heretofore, you
declared yourself responsible for what you
might say there and eletwhcre.
I, therefore, hold myself at liberty, by
this note, to request that you will inlorm
me, without delay, mere and when, out
side of this District, a further note will find
you. Respecifully, &c. P. S. Brooks.
The Hon. IInNity Wilson.
SENATOR WILSON TO MR. DROpKS.
Washington, May 29101 o'clock.
Hon. P. S. Bkooks. Sir: Your note
of tbe 27th inst., was placed in my hands
by your friend Oen. Lane, at 10:20 this
I characterized en the floor of the Sen-
ate tho nosault upon my colleague as
''brutal, murderous and cowardly." I
thought so then I think so now. I have
no nunlifications whatever to make in re
gard to those words. ,
1 have never eiitelamad or expressed in
the Senate or elsewhere the idea of person-
alj-esponsibility in the sense of the duelist.
1 have always regarded dueling as the
lingering relic of a barbarous civilization,
which the law of the country has branded
ns a crime, vv imp, tnereloro, I religiously
believe in tho right of self defense, in its
broadest sense, the law of my country and
matured convictions of my whole life, alike
forbid mo to meet you lor the purpose In
dicated in your letter. Your obedient ser
vant, Henry Wilson.
.tamsalssloa ana the I" react '
thai. V'ulllnal. '
Special Dispatch to the X. T. Daily Times.
. Washington, May 14.
The statement that the United States
Military Commission, which recently re
turned from Europe, was treated with
marked incivility and rudeness by French
Government officials is fully confirmed.
The Commission, it will be remembered,
was composed of Majors Dclafield and Mor-
decai, and Col. McCIellan.all officers of the
United States Army, worthy and accom
plished gentlemen, who , wero sent abroad
by the President to acquire information of
value to the military service of the United
States. Wherever they met British officers,
the members of the Commission were re
ceived with great cordiality and kindness.
While in the Crimea they were handsome
ly received by tho British commanders,
but Pelissier refused them an audience.
On their return by the way of Paris, they
called upon Marshal Vaillant, Minister of
War, who met them with a "Well i what
do you want!" The answer was, "We
have called according to an arrangement
made when we were last in Paris, to get
some books then promised us." Vaillant
rejoined, in substance, and in a manner as
offensive aa his words, "We have nothing
to give I There are misunderstandings be
tween our Governments, and our relations
are such as not to justify any such civili
ties !" Maj. Mordccai, who was spokesman
of the party, wisely forbore to retort the in
solence, and, as they bid the Marshal fare
well, be expressed the hope that they might
meet again oon where their salute would
be the hostile cannon shot. "
All the correspondence in relation to this
disgraceful affair has been laid before the
President. What will he do about it f
Our Government is perfectly well satisfied
that this conduct is only one of the modes
by which Louis Napoleon and his subordin-
d . . j. d lteirM
" ti, . J , I
'Il'T novumy i na nsie
tie" side of Truth
in every wsue.-
the United Slates. They knew that this
sentiment is fully ahured by M. Surliges
the French Minister at this poin', who has
been visited by not a single Senator in two
years, nnd w hose social position hereia very
low. Indeed, Saritges ooasts of his know'l
edge that this sentiment of halo of the
United States is indulged by tho Emperor,
his master. President Pierce knows full
well that the insult to our Military Com
mission was intended as' an insult to the
United States. Under these circumstances,
enn he pass over it without instituting some
measures of redress I Sarliges, entirely un
acceptable as he notoriously is to our pco
pla nnd our Government, continues to be
crammed down our throats. As our (Jov
ernirtfnt has a perfect right to request hia
recall and persist in it, why is not the pros
ent a favorable- opportunity to accomplish
itT The first company of tho overland
imigranta has reached California. Tho
company wintered at Salt Lake. We are
indebted to the Placerville (Cal.) American
of June 21st for the following information i
Imposition and ExrosmoN.-Mr. Barnes
complains grievously, as wll as he may,
of tbe gross imposition forced upon him in
the way of taxation, resulting from the ne
cessity of wintering among the Mormons. '
He has the receipts with him to show that
he paid a tax levied by the authorities, of
twenty-two per cent., or twenty-two on
every hundred dollars valuation, or nearly
one-fourth of all he had, and he was com
pelled to submit to it or fare worse. His
receipts show a one per cent, county nnd
territorial tax, one per cent, school tax, and
twenty per cent. "Fort or City Wall" tax I
a work now in progress by the people of
Brigham City. The question might very
properly be asked, should the National Gov
ernment longer permit emigrants from the
Slates who are merely passing through this
Mormon territory, or stopping to winter
there only from the merest necessity, to be
thus unwarrantably and wantonly imposed
upon, and for what! to build a useless wall
around a city ; useless, because if not need
ed now, w'hen the population is sparse, it
nover will be.
Facts adopt the Famine. That the
"Latter Day Saints" in the immediate vi-
ciniij of Salt Lake, have suffered to an un
usual degree from famine, or if not actual
famine, a want of the common necessaries
of life, facta attested to by Mr Barnes and
those accompanying him, are conclusive.
They say thnt some of the more destitute of
Suit Lake City, actuully caina up to Brig-,
ham, a distance of sixty miles, and greedily
consumed or carried away to be eaten by
their families, every animnl that died, no
matter from what cause, "hollow-horned"
or disease of any or every form ; and that
every animal they lost, and quito a number
died of disease, was consumed.
lie reports a large number of families on
the road, the greater part Mormons, and
ir places of destination, tho mighty vnl-
cys bordering the bierra Nevada on the
Troubles op a Balloon Man. Tho
Placerville American, of Saturday, June
21st, gives rather a ludicrous description of
the trials and perploxities of Prof. Wilson,
who has been trying to make An ascension
at that place for some time past in his bal
"We were requested from time to time to
give notice that an ascension would bo made
at accrtain tirao, limes and divers timos.
Well tho lime and times enmo but when
tho Professor would go, he eouldn I, be
cause his "sausage burstcd" before starling.
And the next time when he could have
gone (!) ho wouldn't, because the spectators
I.I..1. n.. !n nrl.rnn.tA In1 tlll.tl AfTltiri
WOIHUII b 'nJ 111 ltJ,UIILI1. ' " vi e.cii hm.m
when he would, he couldn't because just as
his "high old boss" was ready to start, he
made a surge and a plunge to one side nnd
alighted upon the top of a hih post to
which he had been lastened, knocked in Iiin
ribs, and fell to the ground totally exhaust
"But "ves sir'ree,"! the Professor,
nothing daunted, proposes making another
ascension to-morrow, (Sunday, lhe22d.)at
which time no compensation will uu
asked, as he is desirous fcf furlur satisfying
all "that there is no humbug about it !"
We therefore cive notice to the ciuzensof
this city and surrounding country, that, on
to-morrow. Prof. Wilson or nobody, will
or will not ascend with tomebody or nobody,
somewhere or nowhere for nothing, as you
"know on," don't you? "and she thinks
she does 1" This is as definite as we dure
to be this time."
&2r An article in the Loudon Times has
lately told tbe truth about Inland, with a
terrible emphasis. We learn from it, that
in March, 1951, the number of men and
women in Ireland was reduced to 0,530,000
from 8,175,000, their number in June,
1851. So that the Irish population in ten
years, has decreased by more than 1,501,
000. This, the Times observe", with a
sonerb complacency, was of course, lh ft-
feci of Ihe famine and its concomitant
(Krlt is for the unfortunate alone to
. . . (be ur,riui.aU.. The puff-d tip
- f j.jiy cannot onders-.and the
' LI . ,..,.
One Mjuare (li Iii.m or lew) n, inf !lli, JIIH)
" " tw hi.wt'i inr, ,
" " liir. v niiitw, l.M.
Kltull nlMS"t'ill llMCi'tioil, I , H
Ileaniib! Jejucliuim lit l)i wiio ixlvcriia Ly
Job Printing:. ;
Tim ritorsiKTuR or tiik A lt 1 1 ft is nmr
to iufu.-ui the (miIi io il.st l.e lius jiwl raeivel n,
litrgp $o urjulS 'J'VI'i: uml other new (ir.ul
Inar innli riul, niel will he in Ih r ro.!v rreini of
aU'liliuiii rmili .l In all llie n ijni'Mrirti's of ill's Im
ftility. IIAM1HII.I.S. I'os'l :i;,M, m.ANKH,
CA1i!H. Cl!Jl'I.AI!;s, I'AMi'lll.l'T.WOlti: '
ami mlmr kimla, limr to r!rr, on "liurt notice.
Piumm on Fiitu.Tlid following is on
extract foiti an interesting letter of thecal
ft or of the St. Louis' Advocate, wiitteu wliou j
on a journey of pleasure :
'Hid yon ever see n prairie on fire ? Ter-,
hops you have, but many of fur leaders
never did. Iiis a grand, u suhlime, ami to .
us it was a terrific sight. Wo were in the
midst of a laryo prairie, covered with grass
at least tlx fuet high, as thick upon tho ,
ground as it could wull stand, and much of
it dry n lindi i. For several hour wo bad .
noticed iu our front and on onr left th!t
columns of smoke- curling in the distance,
and on reaching tho top of a hill, wesuJ-,
deuly beheld the fire luiloa ahead, roaring
and crashing, shooting up its flames at least
twenty feet high, like tun thousand furies .
bent on the destruction of every thing ho
fore them 1 Tho winds blow a perfect gale,
and on tho firo came. Tho roar was nioro.
like that of 'Ocean into tempest wrought
ihnn any thing I evor heard. One or two ,
of our company had witnessed such scenes,
before. To mo it was new, and one of the
most sublime I had ever beheld. On our
right and left tho flames extended for '
miles , sweeping over tho wido prnirie, 'as
wiih tho besom of destruction,' nor leaving
a stick or straw behind. Our condition1
would have been anything but safo but for ,
tho fact that one of our company . was a
sinokur, and being n smoker, he happened,
to have a supply of inuti lies which bow, .
iustcad of lighting his pipe, were found
very convenient to light tho grass of the
prairie, and thus meet fire with firo. So
while the flames were miles ahead, we drove
to ono side, of the road and fired tho grass
on the other side, ,
Away sprang tho flumes before the wind
liko an uncaged cnglo, nnd the winds fa .
voring us, we easily prevented . them cros
sing tho road, until a spneo was burnt in
whicli we drove tho horses and carriage,'
and in safety stood (o witness the terrible
sco no iho two fires produced. Tha smoko
nnd hunt were sovcre, but we escaped un-
hurt. Others may do ns they chooso, tut
will certainly nevor venture far into ono
of these large prairies when tho grass is ,
dry, without having with mo tho means to .
mnko firo in velf-dufouso. It is the only,
way by which, under the circumstances, a
man can save his life. I havo often heard
and read of fire on iho prnirie, but certainly
hud uo adequate idea of it until I witnessed
it lost Saturday. No tongue or pen could '
describe il ns I then saw it. While look-,
ing on, I was forcibly reminded of an ex
pression Bonaparte is said to havo used iu
reference to the burning bf Moscow: ."It
appears as a vast sea of firo ;" and I thought
ifLongimis had only witnessed that scene,'-'
ha might still havo improved his excellent
work on sublimity. No language can ad
equately portray tho wonderfully sublimo
effect of these imnieiiso billows of firo, as '
ihey rago and surgo with terrible roar, tha
forked flames, meanwhile, flying on with
a power nnd Velocity that sornis utterly in
conceivable to uiio who, has not witnessed
IlYPocnisy. It is a noticeuble fact that,
many of tha prominent speakers at the re
cent celebration of the anniversary of tho
birth of Henry Clay wero Democrats.
There would bo more propriety iu their
celebrating the ontiiversary of his death..
After pursuing that grcnt man, all his lifo
long with the vilest slanders; denouncing
him fts a gnniblur, a libertine, a murderer,'
and everything else thut was false, mean
and vile, they now havo the unblushing ef
frontery to stand up in the fao of men
whoso indignation at their ferocious false
hoods has scarcely subsided, and contend
that they nlways admired Mr. Clav, they,
always had implicit faith in his purity and.
patriotism, and that they considered his
death a (,'reut calamity to the country.
We know of nothing more shamef ul and
disgusting than this hypocrisy, and evtry
truefiieiid of the patriot of Ashland must
turn with loathing mid contempt from tb
politicians who are trying to make apoliti.
cal speculation out of the fame of Henry
Clay. These fellows evidently think that
Imperious Cir , de.id and turned to clay,
ftitglil slops hole to keep Ihe wind away
and to such bane use are- they now putting
tho revered memory of tho great American
Orator, Statesman and Patriot. Cincinna
03" On the l,t ol Juno, out of ihe Tica
sury of the Uni'e 1 States, the Texas credi
tor are to be paid $7,730,000, at least those
who havo fil'-'d their legal claims prior to
tho first of May. About one million of
these claims were sold by the late Bank of
the United States at 15 cenU on tbe'dol.
lur, and aro now held by a citizen of Phila
delphia, who gets the face of them.
PiTCi Islsnb. It i' staled that lh Pit
cairn's Island p-ople are about to remove to Nor
folk Iolai.il, silmtcd in Int. S'J South, sod Ion?,
tfiri. Id Uavins; increaard to Iin.they find
1'itcairn I -I a el I'm will fr 111"", its area be
ing i suaie milea. Nerfotk Miml compii-a
?l square ini ee, ni is well watered, fmila ai
haalihy. I'" g!"iu Kfumi on iiim
(stand on" "I'd at only 17 pewrw. tu, 9, mull
uerrs of the Breish li p Boon'., ! Tiheitsn ta?a
sad 12 Tii:taj VTmca. . i .