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About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1902-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1903)
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1903
THE FLAG IN BATTLE
WHEN OR WHERE IT WAS FIRST
I BORNE HISTORY RECORDS NOT.
Its Development From the First In
animate Object Carried Aloft on a
; Staff Dear to the Hearts of Fliflit
' era In All Ages and Nations.
' Where In the whole world Is another
thing meaningless In Itself that has sig
nified so much or served so greatly in
the dramas of national life as the flag?
asks the London Globe.
One tradition says the Saracens first
carried an orthodox standard Into bat
tle and thus gave the Idea, as they gave
- so many others, to the crusaders. But
obviously the flag Is far older than this,
and It is interesting to note its develop
ment from the first Inanimate object
borne aloft on a stuff so as to be gener
ally visible down ; -sited
blazonry of a royal i xn
ages. The Egyptlai
fore their hosts the lpuu red
animal on a speur, and the Asmuus,
as their carvings tell us. Inspired the
hopes and centered the attentions of
their soldiers In the same way, The
royal standard of the Persians for
many centuries was a blacksmith's
apron, and it is said a local prince in
passing a hermit's cell on the way to
battle one morning asked the inmate
for his blessing or something express
ive to put on that artless cognizance.
The hermit, possibly a little touchy, as
even saints will be when disturbed at
breakfast time, threw the chieftain the
flat, round cake he was eating, which
was duly added to the apron; hence the
Persian "sun." The lion was an obvi
ous afterthought. The Turks used a
horse's tall, the rani- hu being
known by the numl. e car
ried, and Drobablv ' the
WHEN YOU BUY
you are getting
The Courier Offeres You
and THE COURIER for
If you can't stand a daily, try the Cour
ier and the Semi-Weekly Journal, only
Two Dollars a Year for the Two
Three papers per week, 156 papers
per year for Two Dollars. It is like
getting money from home. We will
give you the Courier and the Weekly
Just think of it Two for
news and lcve to read these
much Dirurcatea pennbil of eUlTjPR'est
ern chivalry familiar to every one who
has studied the Baveux tapestry or ear
ly illuminated missals.
In the middle ages, devoted to dis
play and military arrogance, the flag
stood In relationship to the great cap
tain's array as his personal armor
stood to himself; it insured recognition
In the melee and supplied a rallying
point for the fighters such as nothing
else could have done. This led to an
etiquette of flags which apportioned
shape and size to every rank of the
peerage, from the royal standard Itself
down through a varied array of ban
ners, gonfalons, pennons, ensigns and
other "bits of red rag," and kept the
heralds' college busy, besides supply
ing the poets with admirable local col
oring for their battle pieces. Does not
Scott tell us in some famous lines:
Then fell that spotless banner white,
Lord Howard's lion fell;
But still Lord Marmion's falcon flew
With wavering night, while fiercer grew
Around the battle yell.
Here, It will be noted, the whole gist
and point of the fight centers in the
pennons of the leaders, and of the same
vital Importance of the flag there are
Innumerable Instances In inediceval lit
erature. When the Douglas unfurled
his standard at O'tterburn a flag, by
the way, which is still in existence he
declared, and thought not without rea
son, that the mere sight of that famous
cloth would put the English host to
rout And even In comparatively mod
ern and prosaic times the belief that a
dreaded captain was beneath a certain
emblem has sufficed to turn the scales
Thus in the French war of 1797 the
French Rear Admiral Sarcy when cruis
ing with six frigates in the bay of Bali
came In sight of five or our Indiamen,
one of them the Woodford, Captain
Lennox. They were homeward bound
and all richly laden, and to all appear
ances they had no chaDce of escape.
one. If you want the
wnen pnjiuuu. ucunox rescueiFthein icy
an act of great judgment and presence
of mind. Ue first of all hoisted in his
own ship a flag which the French admi
ral knew well, that of the British Admi
ral Rainier, blue, at the mlzzen, and he
made all the other ships in his company
hoist pennants and ensigns to corre
spond. But he did more. He detached
two of the Indiamen to chase and rec
onnoiter the enemy, and as these ad
vanced toward the French reconnoiter
lng frigate, the Cybele, the latter, com
pletely deceived, made all sail to Join
her consorts, on which the French ad
miral, believing he was in the presence
of a powerful British squadron, made
off with his frigates under all sail, and
Captain Lennox' and his consorts com
pleted their voyage In safety.
The flag indeed preserved its glamour
long after the time when it was the
cynosure of conflict the emblazoned
meteor of victory, as Milton calls It
Napoleon's officers, retreating from
Moscow, burned their standurds and in
the excess of their bitter affection
mixed the ashes with wine and drunk
them so. The same wus done at Meti
and Sedan, and even todaj there is
probably no soldier In the world who
would not do a little more for his colors
than for anything else within his mar
tial horizon. The idea hus penetrated
Into all ranks of society. To nail one's
colors to the mast Is the last expression
of desperate resolve. Just as to haul
them down Indicates the abyss of humiliation.
Tommy Ma, can 1 play makin' be
lieve I'm eutertainin' another 1:'. 1'
boy ? .
Mamma Yes, dear, of course.
Tommy All right (innate
cake for tittn.- F.r.i-'
They Are Of tentlmes the Cause
CoIIIrIous at Sea.
Speaking of collisions at sea, a sea
captain recently said:
"I think I can explain the cause of
mony collisions which otherwise seem
to be mysterious. They arise from the
fact that green and rod are comple
mentary colors. Every ship under way
carries at night a red light burning on
her left or port side and a green light
burning on her right or starboard side.
Yet vessels go crashing into each other
upon nights when these lights must be '
plainly visible from their decks. And
when turf, case comes up" In court and
an effort, Is made to establish the
blame of the accident honest men
swear directly opposite to each other
and believe they are telling the truth.
"The captain of one ship, for In
stance, will swear that be saw a red
light on his port bow and held his
course. A little later he saw a green
light there, starboarded his helm, and
the collision followed. The men on the
other ship swear that where the cap
tain says he saw a green light a. red
light was burning.
"Now, how does this happen? It hap
pens this way: The captain looks for
awhile Intently at the red light on the
other vessel. Then for some reason he
changes his line of vision, probably
due to a bulging ail above the light,
and, lo, he sees at once a green light
shifts his helm, and, crash, he goes into
her! He really does not see any light
at all. when he looks nt the sail, but an
optical illusion makes him think he
"Try It yourself. Just gaze Intently
at a bright red, round object for awhile
and then suddenly look at a blank white
wall. A green spot will appear to you.
Winking the eyes will hasten its ap
pearance." New York Press.
PLANTS THAT CLIMB.
Peculiarities of Their Leaves and
Their Modes of Movement.
It Is In the twining plants, such as
bryony and bop, and the tendril bear
ers, like vetches, that we find the high
est development of the climbing habit
These plants live under unusual condi
tions. In order to gain the light they
must seek rather than avoid overhang
ing foliage, and so we And the vetches,
instead of turning away from the shad
ow toward the light like most of their
neighbors, boldly pushing up Into th
center of a bush to burst Into blossom
amid its npper branches far above
their less daring neighbors.
But It Is In the leaves of these plants
that we find the most remarkable mod
ifications adapting them to a climbing
habit The leaves of the vetches and
vetchlings are pinnate they bear
number of opposite ovate leaflets. The
tip of the leaf stalk and the uppermost
pair of pinna? are In the climbing spe
cies changed Into tendrils sensitive,
twining, wtilplike structures which ex
hibit remarkable features. If the slight
ly curved, extended tendril of a young
leaf of pes or vetch be witched rare
folly it will be found that it Is slowly
-but Incessantly moving ronnd sua
round In a circle. If the tendril come
into contact with a twig It bends to
ward.. U, and eventually takves aerenu,
I turns around it. jven a sngnt tempo-i
, rary Irritation is sufficient to cause a
bending toward any side.
Finally the tendril becomes woody
and strong and forms a secure anchor
cable for the plant Not only does the
young tendril rotate, but the whole leaf
on which it Is borne is in constant mo
tlon. The shoot to which the leaf be
longs is rotating also, so that the ten
dril is sweeping the air with a compll
cated motion, in the course of which It
is almost sure to strike against some
stem or twig of the surrounding vege
Open Coffins In Greece.
The American tourist in Greece is of
ten shocked by the sight of 0 funeral
procession passing through the streets
with the dead body borne in an open
coffin. This custom originated in a
curious way. When the Turks were
masters of Greece they discovered that
Greek revolutionists carried arms about
the country In coffins, so they decreed
that all coffins must be carried open.
After the Greeks regained their free
dom they continued the custom from
force of habit
The Trouble With Poultry.
An old woman who went Into the
poultry business under the expectation
that she could make a fortune by sell
ing eggs has quit it In disgust because,
as she says, "the hens never '11 lay
when eggs are dear, but always begin
Hs boon as they are cheap."
Doesn't Want It Prick.
She The programme says it Is taken
from the German.
He Humph! I should tliln'it tliey j
were glad enough to got rid of it
An IHnIi V"-';ut.
"My lord." arid the . iuri nmn rf an
Irish Jury when giving In his v rdtcr,
"we find the man, who stole the u;;.ro
The Worlds Famous Catarrh Remedy Pe-ru-na.
I llU1lU9kmM(-Z'f Vil 1 ,1 II 1 1 1 II WW 11 '.V -I'jxr . ''4 -4- "V- Ik
Ex-Conqressman Ex-Cbnqressman. IKsiuag
I 1 A be without Ik I cannot thai J vi I S? 1
Senator W. V. Sullivan.
TTnited States Senator Sullivan from
Mississippi writes the following en
dorsement of Perunat
MI desire to say th at I have been taking
Peruna for some time for catarrh and
have found it an excellent medicine,
giving me more relief than anything
I have ever taken." W.V-HULLIV AN.
Congressman Romulus Z, Unaey,
JProm North Carolina, write!
My private secretary baa been
luring Peruna for catarrh. He had
as bad a ease as I ever saw, and since be
has taken one bottle he seems like a dif
ferent man. I don't think any man
who U under a nervous strain should
A western editor pays this tribute to
a type which has not its fair share of
song and story: "The bachelor repre
sents the most congenial and big heart
ed type of our commonwealth. His
name, while held in public derision by
a host of people, will always remain
closely Interwoven In the history of
pioneer life. He it was who pushed
out into the wild and woolly west at a
time when the buffalo, Indians and
coyote were lords of the prairies and
by persistent efforts and under priva
tion and want led a heroic life by
converting vast areas of the barren
wilderness into fertllo lands of peace
and plenty. Then, without aid of femi
nine piety to keep vigil over his every
day acts, this sturdy empire builder
remained at his post, blazing out the
path of fame and introducing thrift
and civilization In his wake. Like the
cowboy he Is slowly passing into his
tory, but his fame Is as farreachlng as
civilization, his name indelibly stamped
on the pages of history, while the hum
ble dugout with, its original environ
ments will appear In scenic pictures
above the footlights of future generations."
A witty Dublin barrister was con
sulted by a physician as to calling out
a man who had Insulted him. "Take
my advice," said the lawyer, "and In
stead of calling him out get him to call
you in, and get your revenge that way.
It. will be more secure and certain."
na Help For It.
Dissatisfied Guest If your cook
doesn't put less red pepper in his
'.ishes, I shall have to quit coming
here, I can't stand it
Proprietor of Restaurant Good heav
ens! I pay my chef $3,000 a year, and
he'd leave me In a minute if I found
fault with his cooking. Try and learn
to like red pepper, can't you? Chicago
be without It I cannot
good it baa done him."
John B. Clark, Ex-Congressman,
Was ten years a member of Congress
from Missouri and for six years Clerk
of National House of Representatives,
"lean recommend your Peruna as a
good, substantial tonle and on of the
best remedies for catarrhal troubles,"
Es-CongTessmaa A. U. Coffroth,
Somerset, Pa., writes 1
"I am assured and satisfied thai Pe
runa la a greet catarrh core, and X (eel
thai I can recommend! it to those who
suffer from that disorder." t t
Men ot prominence all over the
United State are commending
A Remarkable Clock. '
Japan possesses a remarkable time
piece. It is contained In a frame three
feet wide and five feet long, represent
ing a noonday landscape of great beau
ty. In the foreground plum and cherry
trees and rice plants appear In full
bloom. In the rear Is seen a hill, grad
ual In ascent, from which, apparently
flows a cascade, admirably Imitated In
crystal. From this point a threadlike
stream meanders, encircling rocks and
islunds In its windings and finally los
ing Itself lu a faroff stretch of wood
land. In a miniature sky u golden sun
turns on a silver wire, striking tlie
hours on silver gongs as it passes.
Each hour Is marked on the frame hy
a creeping tortoise, which serves the
place of a hand. A bird of exquisite
plumage warbles at the close of each
hour, and as the song ceases a mouse
sallies forth from a neighboring grot
to and, scampering over the hill to the
garden, is soon lost to view.
- His Idea Capacity,
"I read somewhere the other day,"
laid Mr. Henpeck, "that one of the big
mercantile corporations pays a certain
man $1,000 for each Idea he furnishes.
George, I'd like to have a chance of
"Wretch!" exclaimed Mrs. Henpeck.
"Do you want your Innocent wife and
child to starve?" Chicago Record-Herald.
Gerald May I kiss you?
Geraldine Mother is in the next
Gerald That's all right Your father
can kiss her. Illustrated Bits.
It is a sln you are growing old
When you read the obituary before the
marriage notices. St Louis Globe
Democrat. Peruna. Over forty member 01
Congress have written their In-
dorsement ot It Scores of other
government officials speak In high
praise of It. Thousands ot people
la tht humbler walks of life rely
upon It as a family medicine.
Send for free book of testimonials.
If you do not derive prompt and satis
factory results from the use of Peruna,
write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a
fall statement of your case, and be will
be pleased to give yon bis valuable ad
vice gratis. .: ft
Address Dr. Hartman, President of
The Hartman Sanitarkim, Coinm fynfil Qt