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About The news-review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1948-1994 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1949)
Wed., Aufl. 10, 14 TX News-Review, t-Antf. Ora. S
Western World Suffers Serious f
Disaster In ChinaNow What To Do?
By JAMES MARLOW
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. OP This country doesn't know whit
to do next. That's about the best that can be said of the United
Statea' policy toward China now.
The Communist! are In control there. Thii country doesn't like
it. But what this country should do about It Is something that j
hasn't been figured out yet. It's up a tree.
That's what you have left when
you cut through a river of woras
that came out of the State De
' partment in its "White Paper,''
explaining why things went
wring in China.
Summed up, the paper says:
. 1 The Chinese Communists
have taken over most of the coun
try and can take over all of it,
any time they want to.
2 The only opposition to the
' communists the nationalist gov
ernment of Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek was rotten and it's not
worth a dime any more.
3 This government had helped
Chiang's outfit but has washed
its hands of the Chiang crew now.
And that polishes off the last real
block inside China to the com
munist. The White Paper says more:
We were in there pitching for
Chiang, and we poured .help Into
him, but he didn t know what to
do with it. He was bullheaded.
and he blew the help we gave,
and messed up his armies. And
instead of reforming his rotten
government into one the Chinese
people could have faith in and
rally around, he let it sfay rotten.
The government and his armies
melted away and the commu
nists took over.
That's a pretty gloomy picture
in the White Paper, when you re
member it's a great boon to Rus
sia to have a communist China
bv its side and a great blow to
this country since a huge chunk
of friendly Asia is lost to us.
In fact, Secretary of State Ach
eson told a news conference when
the White Paper was released,
the Chinese communists are Rus
sian stooges, ready to sneeze
when Russia feels a draft.
But Acheson tried to throw a
School Bill Stand
' WASHINGTON, Aug. 10 P
G. Bromley Oxnam, Methodist
bishop of the New York area,
accused the Roman Catholic lead
ership Sunday of killing the pro
posals in Congress for federal
aid to public schools.
In a radio interview he said
Francis Cardinal Spellmen's "per
sonl attack" on Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt was a part of a "coldly
calculated plan" of the Catholic
He said this plan was "designed
to deny federal aid to public
schools unless the hierarchy can
get its hands in the public treas
ury and secure milions for the
support of parochial education."
Cardinal Spellman recently ac
cused Mrs. Roosevelt widow of
President Roosevelt, of anti
Catholic bias "unworthy of an
American mother" after she had
opposed the use of federal funds
for non-public schools. Mrs. Roose
velt denied any such bias and
said God will be the final judge
of the worthiness of all human
Bishop Oxnam said the Ameri
can people have recently learned
that federal aid of eduction is
dead for this session of Con
gress, and most of them deplore
Bishop Oxnam also said there
Is a "striking parallel between
the organizational structure and
method of the world wide Com
munist political party and the
world-wide Roman Catholic Po
itical party. Both are totalitarian.
Both seek control of the minds
'of men everywhere. Both prac
tice excommunication, character
assassination, and economic re
prisals." In New York, Cardinal Spell
man could not be reached for
cheery note Into the China dU-!
aster by saying he s not "deieat-
ist" about it at all. Indeed, he
went lurther and said:
The VS. is willing to help the
uninese people establish true in
dependence. But the $64 ques
tion How? was something he
All he could do was list five
principles for this country's atti
tude toward China. They said, in 1
effect, we'd like to help the Chi-1
nese people get rid of Moscow's 1
Chinese lieutenants. And he said .
the problem of how to do it 1 ;
But the Chinese . communists,
if they're like communists every
where else and they seem to be,
will rule the people with an iron
hand. And that ought to be pretty
good in keeping down any out
breaks against the communist re
gime, particularly since there's
no real military opposition len.
Disaster To Wttrn World
That's going to make it very I
tough, if not impossible, for this j
government to do anything for
any ol tne Chinese people wnod
like a dinerent Kind ol government.
At this moment it seems the
only thing this country can do is
help China's neighbors In Asia if
the Chinese communists try to
run over them. J
One thing the White Paper1
makes clear: In Its light against
Communism, the western world
suffered a tremendous disaster in
China. About 300,000.000 people in
i nina were lined up witn tne zoo,
000.000 in Russia.
It mav be years before : the
West feels the full effect of this,
since the Chinese communists!
have a big job on their hands in I
industrializing their country and
getting it on Its feet, for the first !
time in history.
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