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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1919)
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM. OREGON. THURSDAY, JUNE 26. 1P19.
THE COVENANTER LETTERS
A discussion of tbe League, of Kitioua Covenant, article by article,
written by William H. Tift, ex-president of the United SUusi,
George W. Wiekershan, formerly United States attorney geuoral,
A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Esrrarti University, and Henry
W. Taft, of too New York bar.
When iou Are "Out"
ARTICLE X (Continued)
July 3, 4 and 5
Every person in Marion and Polk counties and the
state is invited to attend
Take A Trip in the Clouds
Call up 302 and leave your name with Mr. McCros
key at Salem Commercial club, before July 3, 1919.
The list is filling up fast. The bird man will take
you to Silverton and return for a small charge.
Soldiers, Sailors, Marines
The War Mothers and War Camp Community Ser
vice are doing all in their power to make this Home
Coming the most enjoyable event of your lives.. Reg
ister at Commercial Club for Free Passes to all en
tertainment, movies, etc.
Community Singing at '4 and 6 p. m. July 4, at Will
son Park. Be sure and attend this event.
J. F. HUTCHASON, Chairman,
4th July Advertising Committee.
Chances of War K emote
There is a third answer to people
who object that article X ia likely to
involve us in wars all over the world.
Those who look to the successful op
eration of ithe league do no expect war
at all. The obligation of the member
of the league to impose in the first in
stance a universal boycott against a
recalcitrant faithless member consti
tute a most formidable threat against
any member seeking to violate article
X or the covenants of the following
articles. Such a boycott will m a with
ering ostracism and isolation of a na
tion that few could endure.. -.No single
nation, unless tt be the Vn;td States
or some of the greater Soutit American
nations, could live if denied food ami
raw niutenals from the r.'-t of the
world, and if forbidden the use of a
foreign market for the tale of their
Second, no nation would willingly
face the overwhelming force of the
world organized to punish it for viola
tion of its covenants. The minatory in
fluence of a world league, wit a its mem
bors obligated to unite iu economic aud
military pressure, if need be can hard
ly be exaggerated. Of course if a num
ber of nations entered into a conspi
racy to fight and subdue the rest of
the world, then this minatory influ
ence might not be controlling, but in
unit case all the members of the lea
gue would wish to join in the war, just
as they did in this, and defeat such
conspiracy and vindicate the power of
the league for its useful ends.
What we are now answering ia the
objection that there, will be a lot of
little wars all over the world, in which
we sh.ii 1 1 be engaged, which will claim
our money and our men. It Is in re
straint of the smaller war in which a
large nation attempts to bully a weak
er on that the minatory effect of the
league will Ibo so controlling. Tho re
sult will be that the league having the
power completely to suppress the bully
ing nation will not need to exercise
that power. Indeed it is hardly too
much to say that the nations f the The following casualties are reported
league) will never need to go beyond by the commanding general of the
the effective discipline of a universal American Expeditionary Forces:
boycott. But if such a war docs break Killed in Action 1
out in whivh we shall deem it our duty Died from Wounds 4
ro intervene under article X, or the oth Died of Aecidnnt nh r,.. o
it articles, one instance of suppression" Died of Disease 15
by the jairat forces of the league will WoUDded Scvereiy ""ZZZ 48
be . W0,W.' " Wounded (dene, undetermined! 4
repetition, at win oe worm an it costs , , : .. ' "
in domonstratimr that the wav of the Woundt'd. BllKhtly "1
transgressor who 'break, the covenants Action
of tho league will be hnrd.
Former Resident Of
Sakm Is Dead
Frank F. Toevs, 50 years old, for the
last eight years const editor of the
Portland Telegram, died yesterday aft
ernoon at his home, 689 Irvinjj street,
following a short illness. Tho funeral
will bo in charge of the Oddfellows'
lodge, of which Mr. Toevi was a mem
ker, and funeral announcement nill be
Mr. Toevs was a native of Berdjansk,
Bnssia, where he was born In ISO
When 12 years of Bge lie came lo the
rr.iM Mtntes and In 1900 camo to Ore
gon. He lived in Balem 13 years, in
Albany thrco years, and fur the, last
13 years had been a resident of Port
Besides tho Oddfellows, he is a mem
ber of the Modern Woodmen of Amer
ion, the Woodmen of the World aud the
Mr. Toevs was married in Haistead,
Ksn., in 1830, to- Christine Deltvruiler,
and besides his widow, be leaves three
sons: Captain Monroe K. Toevs of the
United States army; Bolund 0. Toevs
and Arthur J. Toevs, all of whom were
In Portland when their father died. He-
leaves also three brothers and two sis
tcra who live in the east. Oregomau.
MAHOGANY CALF OR
INDIAN TAN CALF
AT ALL DEALERS
From toe to hec!
the BucttHiCHT Army Shoe is every inch
t man's shoe! Worn by men in all walks of fe
t ail times, in all climes. A shoe built for naosoal
comfort and trtrs service. Get a pair today I
PARI3 B BOTHERS
357 Bute Btree t, Salem, Oregon
Maottf acturers BTJ&QHOHA If HXCHT Baa Francisco
progress olf the world to secure useful ,
changes in boundary. We need, not de-
ny that a war of aggression may j
achieve a useful end, but-the basis!
upon which the league rents is that
such advantages are outweighed by
the suffering in modem war and" the
possibility that a small war may lead
to a general war aud an enormous
damage to civilization. The effort in'
tho formulation of the present treaty I
is to make just boundaries and the I
effect of article X woll doubtless be :
to maintain those boundaries, in so i
far as to prevent foreign aggression '
from affecting them.
Ireland Not Affected
The suggestion that article X was '
'ntended to bring to the aid of Great ,
Britain the power of the United States
to suppress a revolution in Ireland is
of course- wholly unfounded, because j
a revolution in Ireland would not be j
an attack upon the territorial integri- j
ty or political independence of Great
Britain by external aggression. I
The insinuation against article X
that Great Britain secured it in order I
to get the aid of the United States
and other members ef the league to do- i
fend and protect "her far flung em- j
pi re" is also without basis. No war du
the last century has been begun against
Great Britain to take away territory .
from her. Neither she nor the United
Slates would Ifeel called upon to in- :
voke the defense of the league to pro-
tect their boundaries. They can de- !
fend themselves. iNo other state is like- '
ly to attack them, with the purpose of
violating article X. The reason for r- i
tide X is the protection of weaker na- !
tions against stronger ones. Great ntt- I
tions ' are seldom attacked except in 1
cose of a conspiracy like that of this
present war, and when such con
spiracy exists, all of the members of
the league will be anxious to join in
its suppression. Article X is one of the
great stops forward provided in tho
league for the securing olf general
ROLL OF HONOR
Lessons from History
This conclusion as to the minatory
effect, of the covenants of the league
and the organisation of its members to
enforce them does not rest merely on
an a priori reasoning. We have in our
own luatorv a striking confirmation
of it. In 1823, the Holy Alliance con
sisting of all the powerful nations of
r.urope. crcept reat.Hritain, pave in
dication of an intontion to air Spain
in recovering her lost colonies in this
Western Hemisphere. We had recogniz
ed the independence of those coJonios,
Canning, the British minister for for
eign affairs, urged upon President
Monroe and John Quiucy Adams, tho
secretary of stnitc, tho wisdom of unit
ing with 'England in a league to resist
the Holy Alliance in overthrowing the
independence, of these new American
states. Thomas Jefferson was consult
ed, and ho advised making a lenguo
with England which ho said would
not be an entangling alliance against
whrch he had warned his coiintrvmcn.
but would be justified by Ms great pub
lic purpose. Monroe and Adams, how
ever, thought it wiser to act alone.
John (!. Calhoun, the soerctury of war,
advised strongly against sole action.
Nevertheless, President Monroe, in his
nunsngc. of that year, made the decla
ration which has since been known as
tho Monroe Doeitrine, an I notified the
miMiibers of tho Holy Alliance that the
United Ktate would regard any at
tempt on their part to overthrow an
independent state in the Western Hem
isphere as against the interest of the
United 8'ntes which wo should resist.
Calhoun and others thought tTTat such
a declaration and policy would cer
tainly involve Us in many wars.
What has been the result f For now
nearly a century, the Monroe Dwtrine
has been maintained inviolate through
a constant assertion of it iby succeed
ing administrations and without firing
a shot or the loss of a single soldier.
During the Civil war, Napoleon the HI
did attempt to violate it by getting up
Maximilian in Mexico as an emperor.
As soon as our hands were ifree, how
ever, and we were able to send fcSheri
dun with an army to the Mexican bor
der, Js'ajioleon withdrew his French
troops and Maximilian collapsed. If
such a threat by the United States
alone, not always m strong as she now
is maintainea inviolate a aeciarauon
like the Monroe Doctrine for a cen
tury, it follows a fatiori that tho dec
laration of the league oiriting the pow
er of the world in proposed mainte
nance of a similar doctrine will lie
eijimlly effective, and that it will not
involve the members of the league in
any more wars than we have b-en in
volved in toy reason of the Monroe
Will It Betard Progress
inally, It is objected to article X
that it is too rigid, that progres "f
the world may need rearrangement of
boundaries, an enlargement of one
country and a reduction of another or
the creation of new slates. Article X
does not forbid changes in boundaries
or the enlargement or redaction of
states or the establishment of new
states. All that It forbid is the taking
or territory tiy force from a mem
ber of the league or overthrowing ts
government y volence. ArtrU X does
nut protect anv nation against intern
1 disturbance, rebelling or revolution,
It does not prevent the division of
s'ates by these means. The objection
asfume that war by-one nitin na
tion upon another is aerPMary to the
Killed in Action.
Herman Dietz, Eamsey W Va,
Joe W McNeill, Dallas Tex.
William C Hautcnberg Chicago 111.
Died from Accident and Other Causes.
John Berger, Salem Ohio.
Frank Camado, Beacon N T.
David J Lassiter, Suffolk Va.
Christie Tiedcruian, Temperance
Walter Wiedenhoeft, Chicago 111.
Died of Disease.
Edward Einby, Lexington Ky.
Arlic Harden, jSevirillu, Tenu.
Died of Wounds.
John J O'Leary, New York N
Died from Accident and Other Causes.
James Martin Farrell, Covington Ky.
Kobert D Lcwter, Orlundo Fla.
Ollie Morse, Sprinfield Mo.
Alfred A Kuinage, Indianapolis Iud.
Died of Disease.
Bill Ayeoek, Longvicw Tex.
Morris Bistoff, Underhill Wis.
Hiinon E Blau, Plain Wis.
Kube T Cressey, Ht Louis Mo.
Wiuie Eagland, Opelnusas La.
Fitahugh Fowlkes, Nottoway Va.
Joseph George, Crowley La.
William J B Hill. West Brownsvillo
Ernest Horn, Hhubuta Miss.
Nells Johnson, Ennis Tex.
John Looney, Athens Tenn.
Thomas Williams, Huminit Hills Fu.
Harry G'Yenger, Milroy Pa.
Try Salem first Ia Baying
. , hf
Your thoughts turn naturally
to "Civies" upon your release
from the service. You have serv
ed us faithfully we wish to
serve you equally so.
are the best in the market, made
of "Virgin Wool" direct from the
sheep into your clothes.
"That means service and
$35, $40, $45, $50.
Our1 waist line models are in
the snappy, trim waist-seam
style, so nobby and comfortable.
There are other good models
here also, in the
Palm Beach Suits
for those who wish something
very light and comfortable.
We are complete outfitters of
Every Family in Marion and Polk Counties a Patron.
Salem WoOleSl MillS Store
Sampson Bros. Purchase
Preston Grocery Stock
Hampton Tiros, of l-"2 North Com
mercial street have purchased the gro
cery stork of A. h. Preston at Union
and t'onimereiul streets and will con
tinue to conduit the store. The firm of
Sampson Bros, was organized June 1
of this year when they bought out tho
interest of Mr. (lidilens in the firm
The Doctor Away From Home When
People are often very much dlsnp
pointed to find that their family physi
cian is away from home when they
nioxt need his services. Diseases like
I ii i r in the stomach and bowels, folic
ami diarrhoea, require prompt treat
ment, and have in ninny Instances prov
en fatal before medicine could be pro
cured or a physiciun summoned, TI.C
ri(ht war is to keep at hand a bottle
of Chaniberluin 's ( olie and Di.vrrhoen
Hi'Uiedy. No physician enn presriMie n
of Mampson and OidiH'tis. better nicdieiiue for these diseases. By
Known as a five, ten and fifteen jhavinu it In the house you escape much
cent stiirtv -Mr. Hanpson announces ;)nin Bli suffering nnd all risk, l.uy It
iiney will (rreauy men-use incir mm- ,now; it may save life.
lat their present location jaa ioria
Commercial, which will be in charge
of W. A. Kainpson while the grocery
store at Union and Commercial will
be in charge of John K. Sampson.
With the increasing of the stock of
tho general store, Mr. Hampson ways
the naino will be ijmnged to Hampson 'i
Variety store, and ithat in nddition to
a genernl stock, they will rarry a line
of ready made good for children and
women and also greatly enlarge their
thy time of his death, llu was a mem
ber of the Modern Woodman of Amer
ica. He was a kind and loving Im.iliand
and father, unil leaves ninny soiro.vlng
relatives and friends who faithtuily ad
hiinhti ri'd to his nieils during ins loi'K
and tryii'C Illness.
Lame Back Believed
For a, lame back apply Cliamiieibiios
Liniment twice a dny and ninue tlm
musclis of the back over tho s. at of
pain thoroughly at each application.
ALLIED LEADERS HONORED
t Can fill any sized or-
i ders- On large orders, t
notify us the day before
so we can have the fresh
plants brought in from
Special prices on large
D.i WHITE & SONS
Oxford, Eng., Juno 23. Genernl
Pershing, Marshal Joffre, Field Mar
shal Hiiig, Admiral Bentty and several
other prominent men of allied countries
today received degrees of doctors i f
civil luw at Oxford University. Tli
noted visitors were riotously welcomed
by the unilcr grailiiates.
Washington, June 2". The senate
foreign relations committee tohiy act
ed favorably on the nominations off
Frank sIa I'olk, to be under seeMury
of state, Hugh (libson, minister to I'n
lunil. and Kir hard Crane, minister to
The food controller of England an-..
Bessie, residents of Balem. lie is also
survided by two brothers and (liree
sisters Jim Donaldson of Glimr, Kan
sas, John Donaldson and Mn, Mary
Biomi of Modesto, Culif., Mrs. I,l?,zie
Harris of Conrad, Iowa, Mrs. Kilen I'ri
vett and husband of Halem and a broth
er in law, I.e McMillan ami daughter,
Mrs. Ha ruh Bailey also of this city. He
came to Halem, Oregon, in l'Jt'H, at
which place hn resided until his lioath.
Ho united with the l'resliyterian ehurch
nt Ohitopn, Ran., in, 181)7, and Has a
member of this ehurch until he enme to
Oregon, at which time he ininr.rf the
KvineeTieal ehnrch of Fruitland. of, inai in xne intcrost 01 mi con.
which he was a faithful member until ,mfr h hll u''lcd to retain conti4
of rood during the coming winter.
Phone 1G0, 255 State. St
(By fuited Press.) .
, Yesterday's winners: Heattle, Ver
non, .Vin Francisco, Los Angeles.
Home runt Midillcton, Senators.
Biil.Clvmer talked the Onks out of
anoth.-r game, the Bainiers annifng
tin contest O to 8.
With a five run lead in the first ta
ring, the Tigers easily vanquished trie
l'isvei, 8 to 3.
Bed Killifcr collecting his fourth bit
'of the game in the 10th, won for the
Ange's oiei the Kolons, 4 to 2.
Jim Mentt, nideil and abetted hr tho
Keals, gathered in nnother win, 7 to S,
Wi'liam Donaldson was born in Ire
land in IH.iO and died at his home five
miles east of Halem, Jnne 22, 1919. He
came to America when 17 years of age
and lived a short time in Illinois, later
moving to Kansas with his parents, in
which sttae he was married in lHSi to
l'hel "Wierwood. To this union were
born five children, two sons and three
daughters, all of whom survive him.
One son If. L. Donaldson and wife, and
one daughter, Emily, of Great Falls,
Montana; one sen, J. II. Donaldson and
wife and two daughters, Mild red and
rIERE IS NOTHING' equal to Chamberlain's
Tablets for constipation. When the proper
dose is taken their action is so agreeable and so
natural that you do not realize that it is the effect
of a medicine. These tablets possess tonic proper
ties that aid in establishing a natural and regular
action of the bowels. Chamberlain's Tablets have
' cured many cases of chronic constipation.