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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1919)
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SPECIAL W1LLAMTTTE VAL
LEY NEWS 8EBVICB.
Oregon: Tonight and Wed
nesday rain west portion,
cloudy cast portion, moderate
ta fresh southeasterly gale on
oj riici icir
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 46.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 4, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TKAINS AND NEWS
STANDS F1T1S CENTS
uu Lew iff 1
Thirty Seven Members Of
To vote Against It Lodge Presented Resolution To
This Effect About Midnight, And Read Names Of
Those Who Would Fight President's Measure. Came
As Surprise To DcracDrat 1,
By L. C. Martin.
(United I'ress Slatl Corespondent.)
Washington, Mar. 4. Presidont Wil
son will carry buek to Franco with him
tlio knowledge that thirty-seven moin
Vers of the next souato are pludgoU to
to defeat his league of n&tion plans
in its present form. This number is
four mora than the 33 votes necessary
to prevent ratification of a treaty.
ivollowing a night of bitter discus
sion which was still raging against tno
I'l'i-aideut at 8 o'clock this morning, a
review of tho situation disclosed mat
37 senators, of whom some will come
in the next congress, are pledged:
That tho league constitution in its
present form suould not be accepted by
jthe United Stales.
That the pence treaty. .concluding the
war should be hastened and tho league
proposal postponed until utter tho
treaty is finished.
This was the substance of a resolu
tion presented by Senator Lodge, Mass
achusetts, around midnight. In pr
scuting the resolution ho was careful to
rend it so that it would be spread on
the record. Ho sent it to tne desk
with the request for uninimous consent
for its immediate consideration. .
Liko a flash, Sona'tor Svvanson, Vir
ginia, objected.. Lodge, ,: anticipating
this, said: '
"I now wish to read, in explanation,
,tho following names of members of the
C5lh congress and members elect of tho
(Kith, who if thoy had been given an
opportunity wbuld have voted for this
Amid dead silence from the demo
crats and tho packed galleries, Lodge
pcad tho names of the thirty seven.
There was a hush for a moment after
lao had finished. Everyone turned to
,tho democratic side expectin a siuim of
protest but not a. word came. In a
moment Senator Trammcll, Florida, be
gan speaking calmly on the general de
ficiency bill, the pending measure.
The senators and senators-elect who
signed are all republicans.
No Democrats Signed.
The resolution was shown to a num
ber of democrats, but noijo ofthem were
asked to sign. Those who did sign are
Henators Lodgo, Knox, Sherman, New,
Moses, Wadsworth, Fcrnald, Cumunu,
W'arrcn, Watson, Sterling, Harding,
yrelinghiiysen, Page, Hale, Borah, Bran
degeo, Calder, Penrose, McLean, France
Curtis, Spencer, Townsend, Hirain John
son, Dillingham, Lcnroot, Pointdexter,
Sutherland, Sinoot, and Gronna, and
Bonators-elect Edge, New Jersey; Keys,
ISrew Hampshire; McCormick, Illinois,
I'hipps, Colorado; Newberry, Michigan
wild Ball, Deleware.
Four or five others, absent a great
distance from Washington, had not
been reached, Senator Lodge told the'
Semite. He said that all would be rcaeh
r.d today and those who agreed with
the thirty seven, would be addea to vno
list. itepuDiicans won did not sign
Colt, Kellog, LaFollette, McCumber,
(Continued on iage three)
js s(c ifc c sfc j j(j -)t sc ifc jf sfc
It seems like it's impossible fer a
feller t' be an exemplary citizen with
out toein' in when he walks- Who re
oinembers when a girl's intellectual
qualities wuz an asset!
Senate Are Already Pledged
yt y '
TiRX W. OLCOTT -
Who has succeeded to the governorship
and will still retain the office of
secretary of slate.
Say They Deliberately Tried
To Eiakrass Administra
tbn Of Government.
Washington, Mar. 4. President Wil
son today in a statement to the coun
try, luid upon senators who "obstruct
ed' ' passage of appropriation bills the
full responsibility for "impaired effi
ciency" of tho government, which he
said, would result while he is in Paris.
Ulon adiournment of congress. Pres-
'.ident Wilson issued this statement:
"A group of men in the senate havo
iltiliKei.Tti'l v fhnsf'n in pmharraaa tlie
administration of the government to
imperil the financial interests of the
railway system of tho country and to
nialto arbitrary use of powers intended
to bo oimployed in the interests of the
"It is plainly my present duty to
attend tho peace conference in Paris.
"It is also my duty to be in close
contact with the publk 'business dur
ing a session of congress. I must mako
choico between these two duties and 1
confidently hope that the people c
tne country will tnniK that i am maK:
mg tho right choice. It is not in the
nterest of the neht condu-'t of Bub-
. , - . .. ..
lie affairs that I should call the con-
iorrecanso of a : 6
elsewhere to cooperate with the houses,
I .take it for granted that the men who
have obstructed and prevented the"Lt"rB "" wu ni. anornoy ano.thero also that President Wilson, with
passage of necessary legislation have
taken all of this into consideration
and aro willing to assume the responsi
bility of the impaired efficiency of
the government and the embarrassed
finances of the country during the time
of my enforced absence."
Independent Socialists Of
Germany Started Political
Copenhagen, Mar. . The German
national assembly will dissolve today
according to dispatches received from
Weimar. It is not expected to reeon-
Kioting preceded the" declaration of '
martial law in Berlin yesterday, it was! The street department wants a horo,
reported in other dispatches SIcb3 as the last ono which wag not much
disarming the police succeeded in cap- igood was sold fur 75. Alderman John-
turing the central police staiion.
Military Governor Noskc has ordered
(Continued on page eight)
DEPLORES DEATH OF
Ben W. Olcott Issues Public
Statement Expressing Sin
cerest Regret. a
Ben W. Olcott, who is now-governor
since the death of James Withyeombe
has issued the following statement:
"In the -passing of Governor Witny-
combe Oregon has lost a devoted chief i
executive, and the stato will greatly
mourn his death. He loved his state
with a consuming passicn and his great
est happiness was in laboring for its
development. Ho was lovablo in char
acter, a man of high ideals, democratic
. manner and easy of approach, but
jvertheless firm and forceful. .He was
essentially domestic in his tastes and
his homo and fahiily ever had first
place in his thoughts. Ho stood firm
for loyalty and patriotism at a time
when thcro was need for s'.ronsr men
as leaders, and in doing so made for
himself an imperishable name in the
History of Oregon. The senso of bereave
mcnt will be personal to the people of
tno entire state."
8. A. Kozer, deputy secrotary of
state, today issued the following state
(Continued on page eight)
LAiLulLU I lUill II
CITY COUNCIL LAST
ff ST DIDN'T OGCW
Ordinance Was Introduced
To Regdate Kind Gl Dances
Tlsat Win Be Mowed. :
The expocted fight in the city council
over the discharge of night uesk man
Dunlap did not materalize at the meet
ing of the city council last night and
the large and expectant audionce that
come to witness some police fireworks
Charges against Dunlan were filed
however and the whole matter will be
given a public hearing next Friday
evening. The charges against Dunlap,
given as the reasons why lie was sud
denly discharged by Chief of Police
Vnrncy aro as follows:
Neglect and violation of duty, while
acting as night desk sergeant; leaving
his desk and calling in other officers:
removing a girl prisoner from tho jail
and having hor act as stenographer;
not registering correct reports or night
officers; bringing his wife to the city
juil nnd admitting her to the woman's
department; posing as chief of police
and criticising brother officers; prmit-
tirB woman prisoner to havo scissors,
contrary to police rules; attempting to
- tl"e "" a prisoner; my
lnR u'y things about. Justice of tho
Peace Unruh and Chief of Police Var-
ney; and repeatedly calling up a girl at
the girls' industrial school until the
matron! sent word to Chief of Police
Varney to dissuade Dunlay to stop call
ing up tho girl.
Hearing on Friday.
Friday evening at 7 o'clock was the
date set for tho hoaring and defense
0f Dunlap beforo tho city councti. Vt,
ficors on tho poice force ar RI)nointod!,
v,,, i, i,:i . j ....L
t"" Ul IJWllCU HIIU liilU C1LV CUUIl-
cil BIld tl ea oul be d I
i xi. ui jjuntu auu buv Kiiy uuuil-
they can ouly be dlBdiarged
( KAiinoil n err ana TOifH fhit
., , . " ."j . I
Wl11 !? P?1?0 aPPeaf
with witnesses mako s defonae.
Publis dances received the attention
of the council last evening and as a
result "ragging" and such improper
conduct in public lg likely to get some
body into trouble.
Tho ordinance regulating public danc
es was Introduced last night to pre
vent ragging or other improper or sug
gestive dances and will come up for
final passage at the next' regular meet
ing of the council. It also (viues
that a public dance must pay a Jeensc
of $?.50 for one day, 10.00 for one
week or $120.00 & year. It provides
that this ordinance will not apply to
local affairs of a patriotic nature.
"Tag Days' ' to be Watched.
Councilman Vandcrvort asked for
some information regarding tag aays.
He said tlia just a few days ago some
boys were selling Marine tags and that
Inter it developed that the boys were
working for themselves only and were
frnuds. Tho ordinance committee wag
instructed to keep look-out for pro
miscuous tag days.
The city is willing to sell its Koch
ring plant of $2,000 and has notified a
firm that based on this price ,the city
will allow a commission of 10 per cent.
son thought one of the horses from the
fire deparment might do the work but
(Continued on page two)
HOT TO CALL EXTRA
SESSIiOFCCiiSESSIS OFFICIAL'S BELIEF
Wi3 Leave Last Message To
People Before Leaving For
rrasce m New York.
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)..
- Washington,- Mar. 4. Presidont Wil
son left Washington at 1:55 o'clock this
afternoon, prepared for a "show down"
before the people in bis fight with sen
The president regards the issue on
the league of nations as ciea-ny drawn
:i!ong this line:
League and peace, or no peaces and
lnnvStnMn War VAHlllfinr. fmn An..mn4.
ivo armaments. . He remarked not long
ny , .,,, 4W .
ft" vv uu.i.u lUUb OTUUU (JlVdd
competitive navies and armies are main
tained thoy cannot be kopt idle forever.
Would Hold 'lazes Up.
And the immediate result of such
armies and navies, his advisors point
out, is a heavy and constantly mam
taincd tax burden, of which the people
aro now getting a taste as a result of
tho great war. .
That tho president will pursue this
thought in his final appeal to .tho peo
ple in New York tonigvt, was intimated
by his advisors today.
Tho president stepped aboard a spec
ial train at 1:55 p. m. and it left for
New York two minutes iter.
Thore will be no change in his plans
to return to Franca on schedule and
he has not relaxed his determination
to call no extra session of cingress
now, it was stated officially.
The challongo sot up by senate repub
licans on his leaguo of nations cove
nant, tlio president Is comment, will
be accepted "back home" ana flic
people, ho believes, will demand its
ratification when, the time comes.
Depend on people.
The fate of the league rests now in
the hands of the rank and file of the
American pcoplo. On thoir decision,
when it is finally tai.'en up, will do
pond also whether William . Howhj
Taft and those republicans out of con
gress who favor the league document
will control tho republican party in
1920 or whether Lodge and his col-
leagues in the senate will be in tho
saddle when campaign years rolls a-
It is stated by republican in the
senato today that tho idea- of approach
ing democratic solons for signatures
on tho Lodgo resolution was aimnnoned
primarily because republicans w'ished to
(Continued on page Beven)
SIXTY-nfTM SESSION ENDS,
STRANGLED BY EIU3USTER
Great D-apailmcEitaJ Aro-
fzmm mils ummm i
Washington, M'ar. 4, The Sixty Fif-jhill
th congres died at noon today, Strang
led by a filibuster. As tho final gavel
fell in the senate on the -stroke of noon
it cut short a speech began at 7:30 a.
m. today by Senator Sherman, Illinois,
wthich blocked the transaction of all
.ii lint tt. i j .
All roads led to the eonate end of
through the final hour, of what ha,
boon one of the most tumultuous e-
ion9 of the American congress It was
a t nnlrer n hi era and a set
to hi iaw (but warine hia uiUal
smile at times signed the last minute
bills and cleaned up the business of
President Wilson also signed tho
diplomatic and consular appropriation
bill, the public lands validhii-vn bill,
tho military academy appropriation
bill, tho District of Columbia appro
priation bill and senate pension bill.
Tho last legislative act of congress
wus a squabble in the senate over a
reaolution providing clerk for mem
berg of the house. House members by
the score crowded the senate floor to
see what the upper 'house would do
Used Up Half Hour
Half an hour was consumed in try
ing to amend the resolution. Senator
Gore wanted it to provide for demob
ilization of the army in thirty uays
and Senator Lewis sought to incorpor
ate it in a senate resolution of hope
for President Wilson's afe voyage to
France and return and his success in
getting tho league of nations under
way. While th question of house memoers
clork hire was flx-ing seriously debat
ed, great departmental apy.roprialioii
bills totalling more than $2,000,000,000
were slowly dying.
Iho president, who was fifty feet
away whilo the senate amused a hugo
crowd with parliamentary maneuvers
(and points of order, had asked that the
big supply bills be passed.
FAIL 111 SEE m
OF mm WORKING
Many Minor dasges Will
ProMly Be IMe In Con
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Prcss Staff Correspondent.)..
Paris, March 4 The lengue of na
tions, acording to the opinion prevail
ing in official circles here today, will
start functioning soon after tho gener
al peaee settlement is effocted, cousin
ly not later than early fall.
Tho great majority of the peace dele
prated apparently are agreed that th
present covonant represents tho com
posite world view, as nearly as potsiblj
and that it will be adopted practically
as it stands. Whilo thore is still in
tense interest in the attitude of Wash
ington, attacks on the leaguo constitu
tion such aB those of Senator Lodge
. an(1 Senator Knox have not created
tho impression that was expected among
tho foreign conferences. The latter feel
that American opposition" nus only
touched on plans that were thoroughly
threshed out and agreed upon in dis
cussions by the league committee.
Dotails May be Changed.
Whilo tho basic principles of the lea
guo arc expected to remain as. outlined
nt prose it there seems to bo some
doubt that many of the detuils will
undergo somo changes when tho const!'
tution comes Up for open debato beforo
the general pcitco conference. Numer
ous suggestions havo already been re
ceived from neutral countries and othors
will be asked to offer ideas,
Discussion of military, nnvnl ana air
tonus of the preliminary peace with
Germany was not completed yesterday
ind will bo tnken up again Thursday
Dy tlio supremo war eouueii. It was
reported that tho aerial provisions, as
'"commended by tho allied military of
ficials, contemplate reduction of Ger
many's air foTeo to few hydro-planes,
which would be used in searching for
mines still floating in nortnow wam.
In tho fnco of reports of lncreasine
serious conditions in Germany, plans for
nartial reduction of the economic
blockado aro being held up by the
French continuing to refuse permission
for Germany to pay for food with mon
ey and securities that otherwise might
bo availablo for reparation. Members
of tho food administration nnd tho eco
nomic council hope to straitrliten out tii"
situation and carry out the original
program for easing the blockade.
Big Bills We
They died as ho left the ciapitol to
I return 'to the white house.
As IPresidcnt Wilson signed bills,
caliinoit officers, senators, congress
men and other hii-h nfficinl nrnwdpH
mirrnrp(1 rnmn ,,,., .
otatf iMarch and Admiral Grayson in'
unifonm added color. Several women
were presented to the presidont by Con
gressinnn Eaer, North Dakota.
Frequently the president laid down
his pen to say a farewell word to a
After the important bills wero sign-
od ho penned his name in a dozen uu-
tograph books for senate Hos.
I(vr T.muwin rntirinir .rvninti of i
congressman, held an earnest conver
sation with tho president for a few
Passed Salary Resolution
In the closing hour of tho congress,
the house passed resolutions to pay the
salaries of members who served in tho
army and to prevent, payment of the
whole 31.'U0 clerk luro allowance to i
Tho marine band in the lobby clos
ed the session to the accompaniment
of patriotic music.
As tho clock touched 12 in the sen-
ate Vk President Marthal! called the
session officially at a close. In the
shuffle, the clerks' resolution was lost
Vicji !Prc)4"idmt Mlarahall Igrtve a
deep touch of piquancy to tho occa
sion by varying the usual farewell for
mula which is to declare the senate
adjourned sine die.
Mwsh.-ai Eaid "Sine Deo"
Marshall said today, "sine dco,"
and it got a big laugh from the gal
lery and floor.
In both housoj, the last moments
wore filled with farewell to "lame
ducks" who lust November lost, the
riht to sit in congress. Eepresentiitive
Jennette Rankin wn given a rousing
send off by the house. In the senate,
groups clustered about Weeks, Massa-
chuset'ts: Lewis, Illinois and the oth
ers to bid them farewell. Represent-
tivo Monde, Wyoming, read a tribute
to M!m Rankin, declaring she had
shown "womanly grace" which wa
not incompatible with public, service,
Thore wore two prolonged demon-
titration djring Mondte-H's speech
(Continued on page three)
Death" Was Due To General Breakdown Caused By Worry
Over Son Who Was In Such Serious Condition For
So Long In Washington, D. C, And Stress Connected
With Conducting Election Fights. End Was Unex
pected Even By Immediate Members Of Family.
& J ".
Mtfk For Gm'iShycomibe
No funeral arrangements for
Govornor James' Withyeombe
will bo announced until his son
Eobort Withyeombe arrives
from Union, Oregon. He is ex
pected to arrive in the city
torn to m
Bet That Goveransrt laclses
Los Angeles, March 4. With nation
wide prohibition ratified In the United
States, Mexico, ns the InHt b;g strong
hold of demon rum In North America,
looms as a haven for the thirsty.
But in Mexico tho situation is being
viewed with mixed feelings.
Lower California s government, ac
ording to semi official sources, welcom
es natinul prohibition in the United
States, not as a source of future pros-
MT 7 i a - I- T Ir Z
?tion drinking In northern Mox-
At the name time a large contingent
in Mexican border towns pictures a
new sun of Mexican prosperity rising
in the north.
Moxicali, opposite Calexico, Cnlifor-
niai i "tucked with liquor. Train-
loads of wot goods recently passed over
tho border nnd wero unloaded at Mexl-
can. meso stosKS, tncir owners gay,
will dampen American throats for many
Tia Juana -for years lower Califor-
nia's sporting metropolis is reported as
awaiting notning put tne reiaxauon oi
passport rcgulations for staging Si grand
Have Tasted Prosperity.
Nogales, Sonera, opposite Nogales,
Arizotm, has tasted the prosperity grow-
ing from American prohibition, uueo
Ariaona went dry somo three years ago.
Tho town bus boomed and reports are
that thero is plenty of liquid left fol
But passport regulations and futuro
legislation by both tho United States
a-d Mexico enter into the situation.
At present thirst is no valid reason
to apply for a passport. In fact, good .
ronwtns for going to Mexico, in tne eyes
of TTnclo Sam, aro rather limited.
Tho restrictions ngninst importation
will not permit a bottle to bo brought
hack in tho overcoat pocket.
is tho limit.
As for the attitude of Mexico, a nigh ,
'ifficinl at Mexicali credited with Bpeak '
the thoughts of Gov. Estuban Can-1
tii. of Lower California, endorses pro-
hibition in the United States for Its
effect on stopping the spread of aleo - l
holism among native Mexicans. I
With his wife, son and daughter at
his 'bedside, James Withyeombe, 15th
governor of Oregon,, died at his homo
in Salem Monday evening at 8:45
o 'cluck, after an illnes8 of two weeks,
following a long period of ill health.
His death was duo to a general
break down in .health, due lurgely to
worrying over his son, Earl Withy
eombe, who, for so many ninths, was
between life and death in a Washing
ton, D. C, hc-spital, and to the gs:i :al
stress of wo:k a:id worry j:i ein(!.t;t
ijf -both. tlu primary ..ajd ...xJcetiaa
lights for governor. ,
U'hilo it had bitn known to oiany
that he was in s'Tiousty failing hea th,
especially since he read his m.'teaga '
o the legislature, his uncxpootcxl u-aaili '
last evening was a -surprise, even to
immediate members of his fami:y.
With tho di'ath of Govornor Withy
eombe, Ben W. Olcott, secretary of
tnto, automatically becomes govern
l!esid(s his. wife aud daughter, Mis
Mabel Withyeombe, and son, Karl"
Withyeombe, who were present at tlia
time o'f his deaih Governor Withy
eombe is survived by his oldest son,
l.otiert Withycomne, of Union, Oregon,
nnd another rn, Harry Vithycowbe,
of Havre, Montni.'a. '
5 In Oiogon Sines 1871
James Withyeombe has boon a rcsi-
iWl of Orsgen -since 181. Ho wni fccm--
at Tavistok, England, on a tenant
'arm March 21, 1HJ4, a:id lived thcro
until 17 yearn old. .
His first actual cxpcnctcca on the
fftrm wero in 1H72, a year after his
pnrents had Bottled on a farm near .
Uillsboro. A yttar laler ho branched
out on his own uncord and purchased
a fnrati in Washington county, which
he c.piratcd 15 years, it tho mime time
practicing ns veterinary.
Giving up his farm rife ter tho vet
erinary practice he moved to Portland
in 1889, received' the appointment lis
stato votennar;an, which position, he
held fur iiino years. Hi reaiuned this
position to become director of tho Ore-
goa Agricultural cxi'efim'Oiit station
Whilo director of the experiment
(Continued on page eight)
PI'IG DROUGHT i
Property Gvncrs fapkk
iky were 1 axed More um
They Siisird Have been.
Tho people who live on tho fair
grounds road who foot that they havo
been unfairly treated on tho paving
that wits laid a few ycc-rg ago hnd their
iniiinjf beforo tho city council last
Alderman Wiest said that ho had
heard considerable conmlain from nron
crty officers who had been Induced to
siL,n ti10 nctition that resulted in the
paving of the road. From what ho hnd
i)(,ul.,i jtfr. wiest wag inclined to think
tnat tno people had a just cause of com-
naint against the city.
u was brought out that when the
proposition for paving the fair grounds
r()Uj wafl urged a few years ago, the
property owners were promised that
would cost them but 80 ecnig tha
square yard, It was only on this as-
surunce that tTioy signed the petition
f0r paving. 'n,ey hud enough names
to defeat tho paving, but ruthor than
to prevent the improvement, did nut
remonstrate, depending upon the nssur-
unco of several uldermcn that 60 ccnta
a tquaro yard would be tho cost.
Some Eofuso to Fay.
By the time tho paving wag completed
the iiavinc hud cost 9(i cents. Having
been assured by the aldermen that a 60
ceut cost was guaranteed if they signed
the petition, many property ow :, r nn- o
refused to pay tho paving assessment,
Alderman Vandcrvort thought it was
poor business for a city to violate Its
own, contract and he felt that if the
city had acreed to pnvo for a eertain
figure it should stand by tho agree
City Attorney Macy gave the opinion
that the city was not Dounrt by the
promi3cg of a few aldermen nt the time,
from a legal standpoint. Alderman
Otto Wilson said that ho was on tho
(Contiuued on page two)