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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 24, 1919)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL-
LEY NEWS SDK VICE
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 15.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 24, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON THAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FTVK CENTS
LEAGUE OF NATIONS TO
BE FORMALLY TAKEN UP
FORMAL DhFT OF U.S.
PLANS ABOl1: IN SHAPE
Premier Clemenceau Still Adheres To His Recently Made
Statement That France Won't Demand Claim Except
To Two Territories, Although Powerful Political
Cliques Are Wanting Other Possessions.
By William Philip Slmms.
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 24, The league of sa
tions will bo formally taken up at to
morrow's session of the general poace
congress, it was learned from authorita
tive sources today.
Much of tho work in preparing drafts
of tho variou8 nations' programs for
Hie league is being- done by the rcspeo-
tivo delegations outside the joint mect
it'.Ks and it was expected tho prelim
inaries would bo in such shape as to
penuit of t full discussion of the broad
outlines of the plans tomorrow. The
Am(ican delegation, it is understood,
spout two hours in going over their
Icagno plans late yesterday, with the
result that tho formal draft was prac
tici.lly completed. Yet it was report
ed that neither tho American nor tho
British plans would be presented in
their entiroty tomorrow, though they
nr"c farther advanced as regards details
than any of the others. Apparently
. president Wilson and Premior Lloyd
Oeorgo will wait until tho other pro
grams ore submitted and thoroughly
discussed, then thoy will bring forward
tho programs of thoir delegations.
Correspondents Admitted. , . j
The correspondents, it wns announced
today will be admitted! to the full meet
ing tomorrow, as at tho initial session
of the plenary congress last Saturday.
tVIcanwhilo tho meetings of the "steer
ing committee" continuo secret.
Among other subjects to be discussed
"tomorrow are responsibility and punish
ment for tho war, reparation for war
damages, international laboi legislation
and the -international status' of ports,
waterways and railways. In connection
with the latter proposition, it is be
Designed To Prevent Any
! Combination In Restraint
Senators Lachmund and Thomas to
day introduced in the senato a drastic
anti trust bill, which is designed to pre-'
vent any combination of any sort in
straint of trs-do or for tho purpose of
. . T , .. . . .
fixing prices. In defining a trust or
monopoly, within the meaning of the
act, the bill says:
"Withiu the meaning of this act, a
trust or monopoly is a combination of
capital or skill, by two or more persons,
firms, corporations, or association of
, "First. To create or carry out re-
strictions in trade.
"Second. T0 limit the production o
to increase or reduce the price of com
"Third: To prevent competition in
the manufacture, transportation, sale ot
purehase of merchandise, produce or
jeommodities. j t .
"Fourth To fix any standard or fig-' Trucks from 1 to 2 tons, $30; now
vre whereby the price to the public ",',
snail be in any manner established or Truck fro 2 to 2 ton- ; now
controlled." I l , . ,,' '
- Heavy Penalties. I Trucks from 2 to 3 tons, $60; now
Each of tha above subdivisions is 2'- ' ,
treated in a separate tectum of the .bill, Crocks from 3 to 3 tons, $7o; now
and heavy penalties are imposed for the . , , . . . , ...
violation of these provision. For the" Truck from 3 to ton9' 100; now
. first offense a pern may be fined not r"Trucks 5 ton,, $200; now
more than $10,000 or be imprisoned sot!,. ' '
longer than 10 years, while for see- . . om . to - tnn. tMn. . .
ond offense the penalty is imprison-!
ment for not longer than 10 years and Ti,ion tn&t Mnntv (haU charge rnot
the eourt may use its discretion as to leM thtB $g , month
imposing a fine. . . The committee decided to introduce
If the offender is a corporation, thea;S(I)arl,te hittB covering various fea
the penalty is a fine of not more th.ia tlirM 0f tIi. road program which it has
$20,000, and if the corporation is one outlined. The $10,000,000 bonding pro
organized under the laws of some other position will be embodied in a separ
ate it may "be enjoined from doing ate bill, with no side issues involved,
business in this state by an order of The motor vehicle tax probably wiil be
injunction issued by a court of com- in 'a separate bill, while bills have al
Vetent jurisdiction. j ready been introduced by individual
If the offender is an Oregon eorpora-; members prohibiting the use of patent
tion, the bill provides that it may be!cd pavements.
restrained from doing further business! Attorney General Brown is now pro-
j paring a draft of the $10,000,000 bond
(Continued oa page six) bill.
lieved the Dardanelles, the Bosphorus
shu Constantinople will be considered.
-A move is expected to be made to in
ternstionalize that area that there
bo an open exit from the Black sea, as
suring continuous access of BuBsia 's
wheat to tho world. The Bcrlin-to-Bair
dad railway would be the first object of
internationalization of the railways.
Today's session of the supreme war
council, in addition to completing the
program for tomorrow's discussions,
was expected to take up certain mat
ters in connection with the armies of
occupation; This was foreer.st by tho
presence of Marshal Foch, Field Mar
shal rlaig, Ueneral Diaz and other mem
bers of the associated powers' military
Some Want Delay.
Alleged efforts to delay crystalliza
tion of the league of nations, or at
least to obstruct tho laying down of its
freedom of principles as applicable to
questions of territorial rights, were
scon today in cttcmpts by certain pow
erful political cliques to have Premier
Clemenceau demand the Sanr valley
ana byria tor France.
. As announced by the United Press
two weeks ago, Clemonce.EU gave the
associated powers reason to bclievO he
would not press France's claim to those
two territories. It is known he is ad
hering to this decision, but ho is under
roing tho strongest pressure from the
financially powerful colonial faction.
That tho American dolegctcs, supported
by tho British, have no intention of al
lowing such a plan to succeed is obvl
ous. With Clemenceau sticking to his
decision, it is certain the colonialists
ROAD BILL INCREASES
AUTO TAX 100PERCENT
Senate Roads And Highways
Committee Approves Ad
dition. More than a 100 per cent increase
in automobile licenses is contemplated
in a road bill being prepared by the
aenato roads and highways committee.
The committee met yesterday after
noon and approved the following in-
I crease in liense fes:
All automobiles, including steam,
re-'gasoline) and other hydrocarbon operat
ed vehicles, except motor trucks, np to
23 horse power, $12, an increase from
; Cars in excess of 23 horse power and
'up to 26 horse power, $20; now $.
Cars in excess of 26 horse power
and up to 30 hone power,' $23; now $10.
Gars in excess of 30 horse power and
up to 34 horse power, $30; now $10.
Cars in excess of 36 horse power and
up to 40 horse power, $30; now $15.
Cars in excess of 40 horse power $75;
Electric pleasure, $40; now $C.
Electric service trucks, $20; now $10.
Motorcycles $5: now $3.
Motor trucks and delivery and ser-
.vice ears from one to 1 tons, $20
AUn a fnna .iuT . - ami : . u
RUMORS OF FRECIION
BETWEEN FRENCH AND
Correspondent Tells Of Little
Incidents That First Start-
By Webb Millar
(United Press staff correspondent)
American Headquarters in Germany,
Jan. 22. (Delayed) To quiet rumor)
ovidcutly in circulation that there is
considerable friction 'between the Am
erican and French armies, some inci
dents from which such a feeling might
have arisen, are presented.
Undeniably there was somo feeling
for a time on the 4art of the men of
the Third army, but it originated from
minor causes and: has entirely disap
peared now. Publication of somo of the
incidents from which this feelirig start
ed wiH do more than anything else to
bailt exaggerated reports.
As tlio Third army reachod tho banks
of tho iRhino, there was a suudon
change in orders from the allied high
command by which French troops came
up and occupied the southern portion
of the 'bridgehead. This necessitated
much shitting about of tho American
troops and caused several divisions to
march 36 miles farther to reach the
new areas assigned to thein. It also de
prived men of tho Third and Forty Sec
ond divisions of the honor of crossing
tho Iiliiue. Naturally the men were dis
satisfied, inasmuch as it caused much
extra laTwr and marching. .
Had False Impression
Tho French apparently were under
the impression ithat the Americans
should enforce regulations which the
French themselves had put into effect.1
For instance, when a French regiment
marched through CobilenB and was re
viewed by General Dickman, several
iFreneh officers circulated through the
crowds and knocked off tho hats of
German civilians as the color passed
and when the American national an
them was played. The Americans had
promulgated no regulation regarding
civilians removing their hats when the
colors passed, and gome of the Third
army officers disapproved the proced
ure. Then, human-like, the American sol
diers recalled peMy personal incident
in France, such as overcharging, which
could occur anywhere, and other small
affairs that wnre inevitable, This add
ed to the feeling of dissatisfaction.
Other incidents cropped out, mostly tho
outgrowth of misunderstandings. But
within a week or two this feeling sub
sided and little of it can now be dis
cerned. On the whole, it was what might be
expected in any army lying dormant.
Soldiers are notorious grumblers and
kicking about everything and anything
is one of the American doughboy's
most prized prerogatives.
When not cussing the mesa sergeant,
the Y. M. C. A. or congress, they are
cussing something eise. For a week or
so it was tho French. So far as can ba
determined, the above incidents are
solely responsible for the nuinors
AID FORESTRY PIED
Ways And Means Committee
- Recognized kportance Of
- Child Welfare Wcrk.
The state fair board had about opo
fourto of the money it asked for cut off
at the meeting held last evening by the
joint ways and mean committee of the
senate and house, although senator Pat
terson earnestly asked for a more lib
era) treatment for the state fair .
in the proposed budget the fair board
had asked for $65,000 for the comple
tion of the coliseum and this included
seating that would cost about $20,000.
But with the feeling that every pos
sible dolls r had to be shaved off some
where, Senator Patterson was willing
to reduce the coliseum estimate to $50,
000. This was not quite a deep enough
cut for other members of the eommittce
rod finally it was placed tentatively at
The item of $3000 for painting build
ings at the fair grounds was entirely
cut out. With the extremely high price
of paint just at present and labor also,
the committee thought the buildings
(Continued on psge three)
dr. stei;;er fares
wellvith ways and
Explained To Legislators That
Expenses For Institntioa
' Dr. R. E. Lee Steiaer fared woll with
the joint committee of ways and means
at a session hold last evening after
tolling them he had to admit a defi
ciency of about $100,000; The doctor
explained how any mnn keeping house
could realize th?' increased cost of lin
ing jeui-eiaclly If ' tlhey happened to
have about 1700 to tare for.
During the , past two "'yean he said
that the cost per capita per month. nad
been $18.48 and that tho nearest esti
mate he could make for the coming
two years wag at tno rate of $2i a
Declaring that he Bid not want any
raise of salary for hynself, Dr. Btelner
did spdak in behalf of physicians em
ployed at the institution. $100 a month
he said was most idndeqaato for ex
perienced physicians "I don't want
young doctors just Jout of school to
make an experimental station of the
asylum," declared tir. flteiner, "but
in many cases it seems that as soon
as a doctor is of real value, he will
not stay on tho- salary allowed." .
As to the attendants of the urezon
state hospital; the salary of $40 or $50
a month and-board he .did not consider
hardly lenough, especially as man,; had
been there for 25 years and were ex
perts in their work. " We will get the
hobo element of attendants if wo low
er the salaries," he said.
Fluda it m Good condition
'I have visited the Oregon state
hospilal and find it in better condition
than any 1 have seen," declared Chair
man Gordon. "The institution i in
fine condition. Everything is kbu in
fino shape." This opinion was concur
red in bv Representative Childs and
also by Senator iLaclimund.
J; or the maintenance or the asylum
for the comino two vears. Dr. Steiner
asked for $958,500. TkVlast' legislature
gave him $716,936. As a tentative pro
gram the ways and means committee
was inclined to do but Uttlo cutting on
the proposed 'budget and this was in
reducing transportation of insane to
other states from $10,000 to $8000; re
placement from $15,000 to $10,000 and
painting estimate from $10,000 to $a,-
Whiilo the inmatfg of the asylum
now number 1720, Dr. Steincr said he
expected about 25 from the state of
Oregon from the army and navy, as
the government expected each state to
care for its own soldiers.
The item of $10,800 for remodelling
tho Salem hospital building wa not
cut as Dr. Steiner explained that the
building wag to be Used as homes for
the attendants anil nurses, (ienator
Strayor was a littlo in doubt as to
when the state would get possession
of the hospital building as for two
years efforts had been made to get. the
Salem hospital out. Ho was assured the
state would be given possession or its
property within a few weeks.
German Delegates Want ;
Full Peace Publicity
By John Graudene.
(United Press staff correspondent) !
Hnrlin. .Tun. 22. Germany's delopatcs
to the peace congress favor full public-
liy or ail proveeuiugn, mo vuiwu -o
was officially informed today,
Tn vnfinnniui in ft niierv. Philin Scheid-
omann end Count Brockdorff-Bantzao,
who will represent uermany at v er
anilln. Enid thpv jiustain the attitude
of- America and Great Britain that the
conference must be open.
"Oermany is in fuvor of no secrecy
whatever," declared Schoidemann. 1
"Havinjj accepted all of president
"Wilson's points, sho wishes to beffia
with the demand that the peace treaty
must tie arrived at openiy. ,
First Opposition To
Bergcr Appeared Today
Washington, Jan. 24. Tha first open
opposition to seating Victor Bergcr of
Wisconsin as member of the house
came today in a statement from Bep
resentative Gillett of Massachusetts,
candidate for speaker in tho next con
Gillett said refusal to seat Bergcr
should be the very first act of the next
hou) because Berger was found guilty
of charges of disloyalty.
"The evidence convinces me of hi
disloyalty and I believe the country
generally approves the verdict of tha
jury end I think his guilt is sufficiently
manifest to disqualify him from con
gress," Gillett said
MASKS CAUSE DEOP IN FLU
San Francisco, Jan. 24. Friends of
the "flu" mask saw it vindicated to
day. Since tho masks were donned the
average in new eases has dropped from
! something over 500 daily to 118 yeater
jday. Deaths have dropped from nearly
40 daily to 11.
The masks were put on January 2.
FOR DAIRY INTERESTS
ON ACCOUNT OF DROP
Batter And Batter Jat llave
Dropped Nine Cents Dur
ing Past Week.
There will bo joy in tho hesrt of the
Salem housewife today a9 sue views
the collapse of tho inflated butter mar
ket. Tho Marion County Creamory,
which has for weeks past been quoting
68 and 69 eents for butter and butter-
fn. today announces a drop of 9 cents.
following the action of Portland and
Seattle controllers. ; This will mean a
corresponding eut in the retail prices,
which for several weeks have been
ranging up to 75 cents or more.
In the Portland market yesterday
there was a drop of 6 eents a pound on
buttor, making a total dcelino of 9
cents during the past week. Evidently
tho creamery men have decided it was
time for a voluntary adjustment of tho
market to conform to the law of supply
and demand. Tho excessively high
prices all along the coast has stimu
lated production to such a degree that
tho drop wr bound to come sooner or
later. Along with the drop in butter
goes a slash in the price of butterfat
at stations, the Portland dealers quot
ing 52 cents a pound, which will be
curdling news to 'the dairymen, who
with tho cxhorbitant prices on mill feed
wore just making a fi'ir profit at the
Tho break in the market wr.a not con
fined to Portland and tho Northwost,
as reports from tho National Cream
ory Association indicato that dairy
products everywhere aro on the tobog
gan. In tho Snn Francisco market there
was a moro spectacular fall than in
Oregon, end this means that the Cali
fornia shippers will lay down butter in
Portland nt 49 or 50 conts. Beceipts in
San Francisco are said to be twice as
heavy as they were at this time a yet-r
Substitutes Have Effect.
Not only hag , the high price of but
ter in Saloni tended to cut dWn cort
sumption, but the coming in of Chicago
packing house substitutes has had its
effoct upon the situation. Thoustnds
of pounds of tho white brick combina
tions, retailing at about 40 cents a
pound, aro boing consumed by the Sa
lem housekeepers bent upon economy.
Hcnlly thoro is moro causo for appre
hension than satisfa-ction in tho situ
ation in Marion county, for thero will
bo nothing to encourage tho dairyman
to continuo in business unless thero is
an immediate drop in feed prices. Sen
ator Piorco, of Union county, who is
fathering a bill for the help of the!
dairy industry, im:kes tho statcmcn'
that 50,000 dairy cattle were slaught
ered lost year, and tho killing is likely
to continuo. The bill which is boing
prepared by Senator Pierce, provides
for a heavy tax on oleoma rgarino and
liindrod substitutes for butter, the pro
coeds to bo used in building up the
Another bit of encouragement is held
out to our dairymen in the move now
under way to organize a state dairy
council which will further tho inter
ests of tho dairymen in every direction.
F. E. Deckebnch, of the local creamery
association, has this week been mak
ing a eanvass of tho leading business
men and bankers in eompany with
Commissioner Mickel, in the effort to
secure members and financial backing
for the organization in Salem. Ho
states that they havo already seenrod
the names of 65 prominent financiers
of Oregon wh0 can be depended on to
back upj the move. Iter they expect
to include all the leading dairymen and
dealers of tho state in a powerful body
that will bo in position to safeguard
an industry that is In dtnger of being!
throttled by present conditions.
Th' next best thing t' havin' ability
is lookin' th' part. Some folks try t
git a wholesale price on ever'hing but
Senate Passes Famine
Food Bill Late Today
After Much Wrangling
Senators Doubtful Of Course They Should Take For They
Claim Hoover's Denial Is Admission Of Bargain
With Packers. Meanwhile, Plans Are Made In Eu
rope, But Can't Be Carried Out "Till Appropriation
' Washington, Jan. S4. By a
voto of 53 to 18, the senate lato
today passed the $100,000,000
famine food bill.
The turmoil in congress over
tho - $100,000,000 famine fund
food bill was aggravated today
by four developments:
The direct charge by Senator
9c LaFollette that the beef trust is
behind the bill.
$ . Emphntio denial by Louis F.
Swift before a house committee
that packers had anything to do
with the bill. ik
A" statement from Hoover in
Paris bearing out his official
statement of yesterday to tho
effoct that he had forcscon end
prepared to moot the neod for
American food in Europe.
State by J. Ogdon Armour
He that Hoover wont to Europe to
aid tho peoples thero and not to
He stabilizo prices for tho pack-
By L. O. Martin. j '
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Jan. 24. A movoment
to talk to death tho $100,000,000 famine
funds developed today in the senate.
Warned of tho intention of hostile
senators f0 filibnstor sdmrnistratioK
leaders were frankly undecided whoth
er to adopt "rushing" tactics in i
effort to got tho bill through today, or
let the opposition take its course '
Their indecision arose from tho fact
thu t a clear majority of tho sennte was
doubtful concerning tho wisdom of the
measure. Charges that Herbert Hoover
Hgroed with packers to save them from
loss, by creating a European market for
their products galnod credence through
GERMANY PLANS FOR
'DIG TRADE CAMPAIGN
Hurley Urges All Nations To
si. on r . r 1
bet iftreace Basis ujuck
ly To Stabilize Commerce
By Fred B. Ferguson.
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. E4. A warning was issued
by American officials today that Ger
many is planning a big commercial cam
paign, particularly in tho United Statei
Thoy pointed out that Oormany has
always beon keen commercially and
that for the last quartor of a century
alio has devotod half hor energy to com
merce and industry and tho other half
to building up a war machine. Now
tho war machino is eliminated and her
industrial organizations can direct vast
ly more energy to trado.
When Edward Uurly addresses a
meeting of French business mon tomor
row night he is expected to outline the
American attitudo toward extending
aid to French commerce in an effort to
combat tho dorman menace.
It is understood that Hurley will urge
all nations to get back on peace basis
as quickly as possible to as to stabilize
the world's commerce. Ho is known to
believe that general demobilization of
the French and Italian armies, as well
as tho American and British, is es
sential to a revival of international
H. C L Losing Ground In
Chicago Markets Today
Chicago, Jan. 24. Outor defenses of
General High Cost of Living had
tumbled here today.
Butter in two weeks has dropped 13
eents wholesale, the butter and egg
board announced. Pork loins tumbled
9 cents. Veal dropped 5 and 8 cents.
Other produce hat dropped in a more
or lctg demoralized market duo to stop
page of government and foreign buy
ing. Retailers, however, stocked with high
priced goods, have been slow to fol
low wholesale prices. The butter and
egg board, therefore, today started
checking up on retailers who decline to
lower charges in conformity.
The influenza epidemic at Pendleton
is subsiding and work was resumed at
the high school Monday.
tloover'a wn denial. The deniat, sen
ators said, did not deny, but admitted.
While no one chtrges Hoover with im
propur motives or actions, the fact that
the appeal for the famine fund was put
on tho humanitarian grounds of paving
starving Europe, instead on what many
senators believe the real grounds
keeping the food administration's bar
gain with the hog raisers and packers .
has caused distrust. ,
Doubt coneeming the proper way to
vote hag been expressed in speeches by
numerous aonsitorg. . Smoot, Harding
and Summing, for example, said they
could not make up their minds whether
it would bo better to vote no and deny
rJuropeans American aid, or to vote yea
and perhaps learn later that they uad
helped tho packers "put somothinf
A filibuster during which arguments
against the bill would bo tirolossly re
peated might help some of the waver
ing ones make up their minds, hostile
senators beliove. ,
The fi;ct that Hoover, beforo ho wont
to Europe, told tho senato appropria
tions committee a fund of from $25,000,
0U0 to, $30,000,000 would be necessary
to buy, food for distiibutio.i, has con
vinced some of tho truth of Borah's
chargo that Hoover hr.d decided before
sailing how his promise to tho hog rais
ers was to be kept. Senator Sinoot laid
this fact before the senate.
If the bill fails ti) pass today, H may
be a lontf time getting through,
; Continues Work. -; y
Paris, Jan. ' 24. The supreme food
criuneil continued it work hero todav.
outlining pltfnS for feeding needy
European populations, though no action
will he tnken until rmssaco of tho $100.-
000,000 food bill by the United fttaias
(Continued on page six)
FRANCE W STEEL
HELMET TO EACH POILU
To Show, To Small Degree,
tion Of Men.
By Henry Wood
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 5. (By Mail) Every
poilu is to have his steel holmet as a
permanont souvenir of the part he play
ed in thn wnr. Tn the cawr nf nnMierit
I whn forfeited their lives for fiietr
livs for their country, a helmot will ba
given to the family of the dead poilu
by the French government.
Each helmot will have engraved on
the steel vizor the name and grado of
the soldier together with tho follow
ing inscription: ,
Holdier of the Great War
The loiter of Premier Clomoneeau to
President Clemenceau asking for tha
ooneession on behalf of the poilua is ts
"Mr. President. Our soldiers and
their chiefs Tave. merited well of the
"In order to commemorate for a long
tim to come in the homes in France
the brotherly participation of our heroes
of all grades in th emost cruel and tha
most fruitless task that the annals of ,
history have ever recorded, it seems
to be desirable to give to every soldier
of the great war the same souvenir of
tha hours of combat, namely the his
toric steel helmet of the poiln.
"It will remain always the souvenir
of an epoch of which the grandeur al
ready is incomprehensible. In the fam
ilies of the dear departed it will be
the most pious, relic that will perpet
uate the worship of those heroes whoso'
aacrifice has preserved the honor and
the liberty of the fatherland."
MEECY ARBIVES OVERDUE .
New York, Jan. 24. More than sev
en (lays overdue because of rough seas,
the United States hospital ship Mercy
arrived hero today with 390 sick and
wounded American troops on toard.
The Mercy passed through some at the
most stormy weather in history and
was badly battered. At one time fear
was felt for her safety. She sailed
from St. Nnzaire on Januay 7.
Peter A. Mann, a pioneer of Baker
county and prominent business man, is
dead at Baker.