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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1919)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE TAlr
LEY NEWS SERVICE
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 14;
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 23, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FTV15 CENTS
lr , .
WE TIT HE EfAD
CABLE TO PARIS
"Famine Fund" Bill Was Con
sidered In jeopardy On
Account Of Charges.
LEADERS WORRIED OVER
Hoover Amused Over Allega
tion That He Is Friend 6f
i aris, Jan. 23. Herbert Hoover to
Hay flatly denied the charge which
wns made in the Tinted States sauate
that he had worked in the interests of
American packing industries.
"I apparently emerged in a new
liijht as a friend of the Chicago pack
0 ran," Hoover Mid. "At the game lim
the- mail ibruig. a Teport frw-4witk
tand company, blaming the food admin
istration for reducing their -profits' toy
$10,000,009 during the last year. I
Won't imagine the "packers would ap
preciate a wide circle of sueb. friends.
" I notice also that I committed a
crime, by holding, in October, a joint
leonferonce of farmers and ft represent
ative for forty packers, as well as
Iniiigiiig tho packers together with
e-preseutaltiv of the. 'allied Ijovern
trticnta for the purpose of nettling on
h price for exports of pork that would
Rive tfie American farmers a - square
Ideal, and a distribution of orders that
would protect the small packers.
"We have even tried to secure a
fcemtinuanoe of these war arrangements
through the armistice period and open
Other markets, because the American
f armer did his duty and produced
"IP the American farmer and small
krneker now feels that these arrango
neiits are wrong It would bo the great
tent . burden off our shoulders if war
could kujow it quicldy.. The British
government is particularly anxious to
he relieved from these arrangements."
PLUNGED INTO DEBATE
. By L. O. Martin
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Jan. 23. Defnnso of
Herbert Hoover against the chargo of
plotting to aid and protect American
0-!"kin interests today plunged the
itenate into angry debate on the $100,
000,000 famine fund bill.
Laying (before the senate Hoover's
ioYninl of improper collaboration with
packers, Senator Hitchcock, Nebraska,
mmmeit up the case in Hjover's be
Hoover, at President Wilson's di-
(Continued on page two)
It takes a little dash o' adversity t'
i-how what a feller's mode of. Lafc Bud
f rries his own oothpirk 'cause be
ays jo many places where he ea.ts fer
git t' put 'em on th table.
OF AMERICAN PACKERS
is met Portland
Until First O ear, Supply
And Demand In Labor
Market Were Equal.
Portland, Jan. 23. Probably the
busiest place in Oregon at the present
time is the office of the United States
employment service, which is presided
over by Wilfred F. Smith, federal di
rector, who declared today that there
are approximately 6000 men out of em
ployment tin Oregon at this time.
The federal employment service has
launched a campaign for tho purpose
of seeking ways and uie,aus through
which the returning soldier and sailor
may immediately fall into s position
upon reaching home, and ha establish
ed in every county a Soldiers ana
Hailors' bureau, "with which it is in
Agencies cooperating with tho gov
arnine.it service are tho state of Ore
gon, the Bed Cross and others, reach
ing into every nook and corner of the
lip until the first of the year, thero
was no unemployment problem in Ore
gon, for prior to that time, tho supply
and demand in the labor market were
about equal. But reports received daily
at the office of the federal director
indicated tho trend toward an unploy
ment situation, and steps were taken at
onee, to meet any emergency that might
arise. "Five thousand blanks were sent
to employers of the state, asking in
formation as to the number of men
employed, wages paid, cla?g of work,
if more men could bo employed, etc.
The employer filled in the blanks, re
turning it to the federal director, who
has dt far use as occasion demands.
While the United States employment
service is making a special effort to
place the returned soldier and sailor
in immediate employment, it has not
relaxed its efforts in the interest of
tho mechanic, the farm hand or the
common laborer. To tako care of the
soldier employment scheme, a separate
division has been established at Lib
erty temple, with Oaptaire James O.
Convill in chargo. Figures show that
of the 650 discharged soldiers who call
ed at the office in the past week, 350
were placed. Many of the others did
not register for work.
Fifteen hundred men have app'cared
daily, during tho past week, at the
imain employment office. Only 1835
(registered for employment dn that per
iod. Seventy four per cent of them
were given work.
CREDIT OERUSS PLAN
Associated Powers Have Now
Given Recignition To
By William Philip Slmms.
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 23. It is now possiblo to
announce that the present detailed plan
concerning Russia is Great Britain's.
President Wilson, insisted 6nly on car
rying out the broad principles involved.
Premier Lloyd-George niid the other
British delegates first brought for
ward the idea of making certain con
crete concessions and have sineo en
deavored to persuade France to accept
it. It was not until yesterday, how
ever, that they succeeded in reconciling
France's bitter feeling toward the so
viet government and her fear that deal
ing with the bolsheviki would be apt to
result ia too large a degree of recog
nition. The United Press was informed to
day that the allies in wirelessing their
proposal to the Lcnine-Trotsky govern
ment thus replied to the latter 'a sug
gestions that the associated powers rec
ognize Russia- in return for a guarantee
of Russia's foreign loans safeguarding
of all interests, etc.
BRITISH WAE CABINET MEETS.
Paris, Jan. 2.1. The Britith war cab
inet met here this afternoon to consid
er the personnel of its contribution to
tho joir.t commission which will confer
with Russian delegates at the Princes
Islands. Premier Borden of Canada,
Premier Botha of the Union of South
Africa and General Smuts, South Afri
ca representative in the cabinet were
ON GENERAL STRIKE
IN SEATTLE TODAY
If Workers Concur, Walkout
: Is Scheduled For Febru
Seattle, Wash., Jan. 23. Seattle la
bor imiors aro today commeno.ing a
referendum or. the question of a gen
eral strike in this city February 1 in,
sympathy v.ith the walkout of 30,000
men from the shipyards.
.Tho Ceni& Labor Council last eve
ning unanimously passed) a resolution
caliing or. ell unions to take a iballot
of their members. This action was re
quested by tho Metal Trades Council.
"Numerous speakers made appeals for
the elimination of craft lineg in or
ganized labor and declared that a revo
lution within the labor movement was
going to 'bring about a new f onn of
labor activities. A gTeat organization
tho country's workers that' could
dictate to the government was freely
predicted as the outcome of the pres
ent labor unrest.
"Wo '11 all quit together and we'll
all go lack to work together," an
nounced several speakers a'ftT a doubt
had bfen raised as to whether, small
unions might not be crushed in a gen
eral walkout . which resulted in only
tho lan;ci . organizations; securing their
demands. ' ,i v.-': ',';,'' . .'
A though February 1 was tentaiitly
set us the 'day for the proposed gen-,
oral walkout, dolegate after delegate
urged lis fellows to take the iballot of
their members as speedily as possible
in order tl at tho strike could bo called
even sooner in the event of a "yes"
veidict. . . .. ;
Alleged I. W. W. ' who crowded the
gallery and attempted to break into
the meeting on numerous occasions
were repeatedly threatened with evic
tion by angry delegates on the floor.
On one occasion the mention of the
Russian bolsheviki ibronght storms ' of
cheeirs frcm both floor and gallery.
Action Endorsed in Tacoma
Tacoma, Wash., Jan. 23. The action
cf the Metal Trades tin calling a strike
in local shipyards and contract shops
was endorsed by the Central Labor
Council last night without discussion
Tho Central Labor .Council also gave
its endorsement to the Tacoma sol
diers, sailors and workmen 's council
which .was formed at a special meeting
yesterday afternoon. It was voted, how
ever, that the Central Council should
assume exclusiyo charge of the -organization
work, turning down the propos
al for the appointment of committees
of tho socialists and I. W. W, to act
with the labor unions.
Used American Flags On
Iron Cross Watch Fobs
By Webb Miller
(United Press correspondent) "
American Headquarters in
Germany, Jan. 22. Tho Amor
. acan f lasf has been submitted
to the ultimate insults.
Coblcnz dealers have 1een
discovered selling watch fobs
made of iron crosg on which
- were replicas of American flags
Army officials confiscated all
these stocks and are seeking
the manufacturers. One retail
er has been arrested.
MOBE HIGH WATES.
Look out for more high water.
The river this morning was 20
feet above zero, rising' 2,6 feet
since yesterday morning. A tel
egram from the weather ob
server at Portland received
today noon, is as follows:
Kiver rising at Albany, falling
at Eugene and Jefferson. Will
probably exceed 21 feet at Sa
lem Friday." A flood stage of
21 feet in 8s lorn will bring the
water pretty high on the dock
and cover the floor of the old
warehouse of the former Oregoa
City' Transportation Company. '
Arraigned at Olympia on a charge
of murdering his wife and two chil-j
dren last May, Norman E. Burnett has .
entered a plea of not guilty.
CUT BUDGETS OE STATE
INSTITUTIONS TO HELP
REDUCE DIG EXPENSES
Joint Ways And Means Coa-
mittee Cut Deal &nooi
The joint ways and means committee
last night cut the budget for the state
school for the decf from $72,610 to $63,-
000, and indicated that the committee's
policy will be to make every institution
bear a share of the pruning which will
have to be done in order to keep the ap
propriations within, the limits of the
funds available. . ... 1 . '
Members of the committee who visit
ed the school brought out that increases
in salaries must be allowed the teach
ing force or else the school would lose
ninny members of its staff, but the gen
eral committee decided that a reduction
could be made in the maintenance item,
as they figured that the cost of living
is going to decrease in the next two
Tho committee . also considered last
night the budget for the penitentiary,
tho state fair board, the state engineer j tralia, and between Cenitralia and Van
and tho water board, but it did not take couver. Service will probably be re-
final action on any of thorn.
Criticism was offered as to the run
down appearance of some of the insti
tutions, such as broken walks and minor
ropairs about the buildings, and it was j
decided to request the board of control
to see that the heads of the institutions
hereafter keep tho institutions in re-
pair from day to day and not permit
them to run down at the; heels.
. It was also decided to ask the state
board to see that the estimated value of
produce raised on the various state
farms be made uniform in the reports
from tho institutions. Senator Patter
son pointed out that at one institution
cabbage was valued at $13 a ton while
fit another it was valued at $-40 a ton.
Ono institution valued its wheat at
$3.50 a bushel, he said, whilo another
had cheat seed credited up at $40 a
' For tho state penitonkiary, the bud
got as printed cells fo $324,000, while
lust night Warden-Sterns, ud Frank
Davey presented addition items which
run up to more than $10,000. Mombors
of the. coDimittoo were inclined to ques
tion the big increase in the per capita
of tho institution, whilo Senator Lach
mund WEntcd to know why it wns nee
essary to employ a clerk for the state
1 The committeo will take action on
t'hose budgets later. .
ON WAY TO SOLUTION
Action Of Supreme War Coun
cil Did Great Deal To
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 23 The Russian problem
which has been considered as the
greatest obstacle to a quick and per
manent peace settlement, appeared to
be well on the way to solution today.
, The action of the supreme war coun
cil late yesterday in voting partial
recognition of the soviet government
together with other political and mili
tary factions in Russia which was ex
clusively forecast by the United Press
on January 11 was accepted as pav
ing the way for trouble adjustments of
The associated powers are expected
to cooperate in every mr for the es
tablishment of a stable Russian gov
ernment and tho restoration of Russia
economically, industrially and socially.
The Russians will be expected to or
der immediate cessation of all
ities, elections on a representative ba
sis and arrangements for the payment
of Russia's national debts
Ono of the most significant angles of
tho steering committees action was the
evidence of the power and influence
that can be exercised by the Unites
States and Great Britain when work
ing in unison.
In the preamble of his proposal. Pre
sident Wilson said that the attitude of
the associated powers had been gov
erned by the one idea of helping the
Russian people and that they recogniz
ed the right of self determination as
applied to Russia. He declared that they
"recognize the Russian without reser
vation and -will in no way and in no
circumstances aid or give countenance
to any attempt at a counter revolu
tion" Take Action.
"In the spirit and with this pur
pose," the statement said, "they have
taken the following action:
"They invite every organized group,
that is now exercising 0r attempting to
exercise political authority or military
control anywhere in Siberia or within
tho boundaries of EuroDean Russia as
thev stood before the war just con-.
eluded, except in Finland, to send rep-
resentatives not exceeding three rep-
(Continued on page eight)
RAINS TIE UP TRAIN
Several Bridges Have Been
mmw -a a a a
Washed Out And Puyallup
valley Is Flooded.
Tacoma, wash., Jan. 23. The con
tinuous heavy rains of the past few
days has disrupted local train service,
put the municipal power jilant out of
commission, flooded the lower Puyallup
valley, made many' highways impass-
ablo and resulted in general demorali
zation of communications.
Tho city is drawing all its power
from the traction company plant. Tho
city's hydro-electric plant at LaGrc-nde
went out of commission shortly after
midnight. Commissioner Davisson is
dispatching a crew of workmen to La-
Grando to try. to get the water running
through the gates of the dam, which are
choked up by floating driftwood.
No railroad trains left hero for Port
land last night, because of several
washouts betwoen Tacoma and Cen-
stored tomorrow, railroad officials say.
Eastbound traffic on the Northern
P.c-cific is also blocked just cast of Ta-
i coma bv hieh water.
Interurban trains to Seattlo aro tied
up by slides at several points along the
line, :- . "
The main span of the Milwaukic
bridge over the Puyallup river went
out last nijHt.
Between 5 p. m. Tuesday and the
same hour Wednesday, 3.09 inches of
rain fell, tho heaviest since 1904.
Telegraph wires are reported down to
Bollingham, Wenatchoo, Vancouver, B.
C, and other places.
The worst flood in years is Reported
in the lower Puyallup valley, covering
the Seattlo boulevard, flooding ranches
and washing out small bridges. The
North Puycllup bridge is expocted to
so out at any minute', and if it does the
city of Puyallup will be cut off from
its water supply. "',
BY COMMITEE OE FIVE
Another Bill In Senate Would
Cause Road Legislation To
' Be Enacted.
Senator Lnehmund and Senatoi'
Thomas today introduced in the sen
ate a Mil which, if enacted into luw,
will make it a felony for any "offi
cer, board, commission, council or
agent of the- state or county or mu
nicipality" to enter into contract
for the construction or repair of any
highway or street which provides for
tho use of any material upoa which a
royalty may be exacted. The penalty
for the violation of 'the law is to bo
imprisonment not to exceed 10 years o.
a fine not to exceed $10,000.
The senate committee on roads and
highways introduced a bill providing
that tho state or county may tako pos
session of land within the boundaries
of any located highway at any time af
ter proceedings to condemn the land
for public use have been started.
This will make it unnecessary for
the stnte or county to wait until after
tho litigation over the land is complet
ed before highway work on tne lana
in question may be instituted.
Another provision of the bill is that
when reasonable search fails to reveal
the location of the owner of the land
within the state, the condemnation pro
eeedinrs may bo instituted without an
hostil-Wfort first having been made to agree
with the owner as to the value of the
Belief for Dairy Industry
Relief for the dairy industry of the
state is the object of a senate eoncur
rent resolution introduced by Senator
Pierce. It provides for tho appointment
of a commiswon of five, two senators
and three representatives, to immedi
ately make an investigation of dairy
ing conditions and report to the legis
lature. The purpose, as stated in the reso
lution, is '.'to make immediate investi
gation for the purpose of ascertaining
the facts as to the cost of production
of milk and butter fat, and also as to
the market price and eost of condens
ing and manufacturing milk into mar
ketable products, end the market price
of manufactured products a well as
the price paid by the consumer, in
order that the facts in regard to this
great industry may- be known to this
body with the view that the proper
legislation may be enacted to protect
: the said industry."
J The resolution says that agents of
the Oregon Agricultural college assert
'that at least 50,000 dairy animals were
slaughtered during 1918, primarily be-1
cause producers did not receive for
milk and milk products the eost of
(Continued on ptgo three)
War Council Weighs
Punishment of jiuns
Also Discuss Today Preliminary To Saturday's Meeting
Of General Congress, International Labor Legislation
r and Preparation For War Damages. ; j
By William Philip Slmms
Paris, Jan 23. Punishment of the
kaiser and his associates was formally
discussed by tho supreme war council
today. The belief prevailed in certain
quarters that the council .will adopt
some form of the program suggested
by the American delegation in this re
gard1 appointment of a special com
mission to invsntigato' thoroughly the
culpability of all those responsible for
the t&t from the kaiser, down so tha'.
none might escape.
It wns expected that tho various
forma of punishment to be meted out
will ibo'taken up simultaneously, that
nothing may be overlooked in tho way
of affording a warning for ifuture po
tential war makers.
Penalty Considered '. -'
Tho penalty for the German nation
REMOVED NEXT MONDAY
Physicians Say Greatest Dan
ger In Disease Is From
Although no dofinito announcement
has been made by- Mayor C, E. Albin
and the health committee of the city
council, it is probablo that the ban
against public meetings and gatherings
will bo removed, to go into effect next
Monday morning. But the romoval of
tho ban will not ' apply to dances,
Dances arc still on tho tabu list.
At a meeting held lust evening by
Dr. Morso, Dr, Clements and Dr. Pcm
bcrton, tho opinion was unanimous that
if conditions continue for the better
for the remainder, of the week, it will
bo rifo to open tho town Monday morn
ing. Tins would moan that schools will
Tho great danger is from the con
valescents end thoso who' aro In tho
first stages of the influenza the doctors
snid. To care for tho convalescents, the
health committee of the city will make
it an absolute requirement thi.-t for
three woeks, thoso recovering from tho
flu must wear masks. This matter will
not be optional. It will bo enforced by
the uly authorities. If such a con
valescent is seen out among peoplo not
wearing a mask, ho or sho will bo sub
ject to arrest. And tho doctors of the
city will bo asked to co-oporato with
the police to enforce the wearing of
tho mask throe woeks.
Another provision that will be re
quired by tho health department is that
should any ono who is attending a mov
ing picture theatre hi'.ppon to dovclop a
suspicious cough, that person will be
handed a sterilized mask by one of the
ushers with a request to wear it or got
out of tho house.
A campaign of education will be car
ried on through tho school children, at
the churches end even at the moving
picture theatres. Physicians are unani
mous in the opinion that it is the per
AOa who is just ln the first stages of
tho flu, or who Is just getting over it,
are tho dungcrous ones to a community.
With the probablo opening of the
town Monday, the situation is to bo
put squarely up to the people ag to
whether they will co-operate with the
health authorities. If not, the town
stands a fine chanee of being closed
igain If a number of new cases should
Whilo there hag been no official an
nouncement of the opening of tho town
Monday, it has been practically decided
that tho town is now in a condition that
will justify removing tho ban.
Dr. Hecley, state health officer, fav
ors opening schools end churches but
continuing the ban on dances. He also
favors a campaign of education espe
cially through school children.
Railroad Shares Display
Strength In Market Today
New York, Jan. 23. Tho New York
Evening Sua financial review toduy
The outstanding feature of today's
stock market was unquestionably the
strength displayed by railroad shares,
in which gains of one to two points
were the rule, St. Paul preferred did a
drshing performance by pushing for
ward six points to 73, in one moment
advancing two points between sales and
again losing as much in a sinfele trans
Iwaj also considered. It was now ac?
Icepted that indemnities will te limited!
!to reparation for damages, but tho
I sum will be huge.
I The council also discussed the fol
lowing subjects, in preparation for Sat
urday meeting of the general con-,
International labor legislation.
Responsibility and punishment in
connection with the war.
Reparation for war damages.
An international regime for ports,
waterways and railways. - -
Procedure for adoption of territor
It was also announced that the coun
cil will meet again tomorrow and that
Marshal Foch, Field Marshal Hain
an d General Iina, as-well na the Ver
sailleti military representatives cf tha
associated powers, will attend. '
BAN MAY BE
What Business Men
Think OTW' Question
Business men of Salem, being ques-"
tioncd on the influonza situation, nra
almost unanimous in the opinion that
no time should be lost ln lifting the ban
on. public institutions, and at the sama
time holding that there should be a
more stringent enforcement of the re
strictions upon convalescents and incip-
I lent cases of influenza. The reports
j from the health office show that tho
, epidemic Is now well in hand, the num
ber of now cases having decreased day
after day until it has reached only one
or two a day. At no time has tho per
centage of cases per capita been any
higher in Salem than in othor com
munities, and nt the presont hour thero
is no safer place in tho state than tho
capital city, providing thero is tho
proper vigilance against future eon
tugion, Whilo business men have no
direct interest in the opening of tha
town, they feci that tho psychological
effect is of the greatest Importance. It
is imperative that the outside world bo
assured at onco that there is the min
imum of danger of infection in tho city
of Hulem. Not till then can there ba
a return tn norma business conditions.
T Of) CRIMINAL
I. W. W. Is Against Opposition
Jo Measure. Believe They
Can Capitalize It
A bitter fight against the criminal
syndicalism bill is promised in the leg
islature. Representatives of labor in both
houses oro prepared today to bitterly
fight the measure to the end and pos
The labor men, headed by Represen
tative Smith of MuUnomnli, formerly
president of the Portland Central La
bor Council admitted that the theory .
of the syndicalism bill is all right, but
claims the act might be put to vicious
It is understood tho L W. W., is op
posed to any fight, against thu criminal
syndicalism measure, believing that if
passed, they will be able to make cap
ital out of it.
Smith has introduced a bill on crim
inal commercialism, which vs termed tho
"practice which indulges in and advo
cates the change r amendment of enut
ing or future labor laws safeguarding
th health, safety and well being of tho
laboring men and women of the statu
of Oregon in any manner for profit o.
other parposes, except ss provided by
"The disruption or attempted dis
ruption of any legal and lawful organ
ization of men, wcnien. or men , anil
women associated together for the pur
pose of peacefully and legally better
ing wages and the working eonditiona
of working men and women and child
ren in industry for profit or otherwise.
''The entering into secret agreement
or the advocacy of tue same with intent
to drive from the competitive field a
person or persons engaged in the same
line of business as those conspiring
against them, for profit or other, pur
. Both houses late yesterday passed
the $100,000 emergency relief measure,
for Oregon soldiers, sailors and marines.