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FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO.il.
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1919.
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YN VBATX8 M NEWS
8TANBS FT V F f KNTW-
EBERT WILL ONL Y SIGN
PEACE TREATY FOUNDED
ON WILSON'S 14
SA YSHE COULDNtTAKE
THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR
SIGNING OTHER TERMS
Feels That Germany Is Not Entirely To Blame For Be
ginning War. Also That Great Danger Of Bolshe
vist Victory Is Over For Struggle Centered About
Liebknecht And His Associates In Berlin.
Chancellor Ebert Bays:
That ho will sign only
peace treaty :based on Wilson's
it: fourteen points and will not
agree to a peace making any,
- further domanls.
That Gurniany alono was not
responsible fcr the war. '
That tho Spartacans have
been suppressed, but may' arise
again if Germany docs not get -
plenty of ifood.
By Frank W. Taylor
(United Tress staff correspondent)
(Copyright, 1919, by teh United rPess)
Berlin, Jan. 18 (Delaycd)-01ian-
flellor Bbert told the United Press to
d:iy that Germany will do everything
to comply with peace conditions ibased
on President Wilson s fourteen points,
lint that if the allies mnke further de
mands he Will not take the responsibil
ity of signing the peace terms.
He said Germany needs- peace imme
diately, that she may get food and ma
ierials so , her people can go to work.
He declared the Spurt acans lost their
revolt and that no further sorious out
breaks will occur if tho people are fed.
If they are not fed. he said, we must
lo ready ifor anything.
Was Basin for Armistice
"If thoy have a fair peace," de
clared Ebert, "we stand on President
(Wilson's platform, which was the ba
sis on which we signed the armistice.
IWe will do everything to comply with
(Conditions founded on his points, it is
possible; -though that the enemy will
tnako further-deiaaTs,- Germany can
not accept them. I could not taE5 the
Vsponsibi.tiHI for siitfninp tha peace
terms in that case. I could not take
the consequences and I would resign.
I don't know what would happen af
Asked whnE ho thought of the respon
sibility for the war, Ebert said,
"Thnt is a question I cannot ans
wer off-hand. Personally, I feel that
tdnme was not Germany's alone,."'
. Tho conversation was directed to the
Need Peace at Once
"We need peace immediately so we
can get food and materials that will
enable the people to go to work lie
'.lid. "The chargo that tho govorn
taicnt encouraged the disorders so as td
escape its debts is absolutely false.
The reason We did nothing against
Bolshevism at the beginning of the
revolution was that the army, flocking
liouieward aftor the armistice, was dis
organized and useless. Now tho govern
ment forces have been rebuilt and we
intend to use every means to suppress
Bolshevism which without doubt is an
enemy to soctoty.
"The treat dnnffer of a boilshevist
victory is over. The struggle centered
viiout Liebknecht' and his associates in
Berlin. There are still traces of bol
Bkevism ,jn "certain centers outside of
(Berlin, - nourished ;by agitators,
i "Examination of captured Sparta
wng showed the.t they were mostly un-tter-nouiished,
sub-normal persons." If
Wiey are fed we need expect no further
Serious Outbreaks. Ifthcy are not ifed
iwe must be ready for anything. There
f a sort of desperation in certain cir
cles a feeling that nothing mskes any
Kiifference. These people are the victims
tot? agitator who we are certain are
supplied with Busalau gold.
.. "As soon as the economic situation
vicar tip normal life .will start again
(and internal troubles will cease. It is
Is, question of peace and help from the
' MICHIGAN MUST VOTE AG-ACT
Lansing, Mich., Jan. IS. Michigan's
ratification of the national prohibition
i void and the legislature must again
n-ote on the proposition, according to
(Assistant Secretary of State Polk.
In adopting the amendment tne res-
. . " 4 I
Motion referred to the measure as be-,
lag Vconcurrdnt" w.t the IfcdenU
dmendment. The word "joint" should;
lisre been ued instead, said Poik.
Michigan 'was the fifteenth to ratify.
I out. He stateg that he has today dis
There are only four labor represent-; p,, of the onions, as suggested in
tive, in the British government, eu.a- j Mr. Stovall ' article, and is in hearty
pared to eight ia the previous adminis- Isvrcord with the writer's suggestions.
trution. Oorvallis Gazette-Times.
WILSON ROUNDING OUT
Said To Believe That No Peace
Is Possible Until Certain
By Bobert J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
JParis, Jan. 20. With the American
plan for tho loaguo of nations complet
ed, President Wilson was rounding out
hU program Ifor international laHor
Tho president s position is said to be
that no peace is possible until the
thrfat of .economic competition which
might destroy the .sufegunrds of lubor
is ended. It was expected thnt ho
would make some public declaration at
his views in this regard in the two
speeches he was to make today. The
addresses wore to ibe delivered at a
luncheon .tendered him by tho French,
senate and upon the occasion of his
attending a session of the chamber of
Tho American program for labor leg
islation, it is understood, provides for
incorporation of several vital princi
ples in the peace treaty, including the
international child labor law. protect
ion for women workers, regulation of
working conditions and an agreement
on tho huliis. Of lab" to constitute a
hrfiiversal work day. In irfsr speech? in
Italy tho president emphasized the im
portance of tho influence of labor on
world opinion and made plain that la
bor must be fully recognized in the
Based on Careful Study
The league of nations plan of the
American delegation is based on care
ful study of its own allied ideas.
Allied authorities familiar with tho
plan say it is the best yet promulgat-'j
od. It embodies many of the reaturcs
of the General Smuts progTam aim in
cludes many of the details of the Brit
ish plan. The American plan, it is un
derstood, provides that the present as
sociated powers shall constitute tho
nucleus of the league and that every
free nation shall have the right of
membership. There is a provision for
arbitration, with compulsory measures
which would prevent tho outbreak or
war pending reports of the arbitrators,
The memorandum prepared Dy
American delegate outlines the possi
bility of new world thought, action and
spirit, designed virtually to prevent
f. ,!.,.. e,.,n.n anil Riihib.
would be taken into the league when
they have stabilized their governments
and the league weukt afford every pos
sible aid to both nations, the president
feeling that peace would foe useless
with half of Europe aflame with the
spirit of jealousy and revenge. Premier
Lloyd-George is said to fee unreserv
edly in agreement with this principle.
Aftor formation of the league there
would be a meeting of special dele;
gates to formulate a new international
code. In view of the attitude of the
allies, it may be stated that the presi
dent feels the outlook is favorable for
prompt consummation of the league.
Dr. J. UN. Bell Indorses
Denis StovaB's TJeory
Dr. J. B. N. Bell read th srticle by
Denis JHovall in yesterday's G. T. in
which Mr. Stovall voiced the advisa
bility of eating onions and salt as a
flu preventative. Dr. Bell indorses Mr.
fStova'.l'. theory and agrees with him
'ttoMtiwA i. .1 ; n .. ..: . . i. . I k-
iiiw uo isl vil iuui will ari U U CI
. .' . ,v
Be,j nta r nother
. . . . . .
onions combined with limbmger cheese
HI prove even more effective and
urges that this prescription be tried
AT ALLIES' MEETING
Contests Arising From Cre
dentials Were Also Consid
ered This Morning.
By William Philip Sinimg ', ,,-'
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 20. The supreme coun
cil of the associated powers today for
mally iook ip tor tne first time tho
Russian situlatiea, which is recognized
as the greatest present obstacle to a
quick peace settlement and establish
ment or the league of nations.
Tha mooting, which was held in the
Quai DlOrsay ibotween 10:30 and noon,
was attended by two delegates of oach
of the five great allied nations. Presi
dent Wilson land Secretary Lansing
represented the United State.
That no definite understanding was
reached concerning representation for
the various Russian factions was in
dicated iby tho official announcement
tnat tno council would continue its
hearing on Russian affairs tomorrow.
This also seemed to dispose effectually
of tho "belief that the general peace
congress would resume its sessions to
morrow, although there is a possibility
that the council may dispose of itsi
business in time for the congress to
get under way in tho afternoon. ,
M. Nouieng Gives Andreas,
Today's mooting was aldressed by
M. Noulens, French ambassador to Rus
sia, who recently returned fiom Arch
angel. Aftor his arrival in France
Noulens gave Out an interview in
which ho indorsed 'Foreign Minister
Pichon's attitude that any form of
recognition of the soviet 'government
impossible. The council tomorrow
will hear M. Scavinius, Danish minis
ter to Pctrograd, who left that city a
few weeks ago when his country broke
off diplomatic relations with tho bol
sheviki. Tho president wont from the Quai
D'Orsay to the IVeneh, senate, where
he had luncheon as the guest of the
members of that body.-Antonio Dubost,
president of the senate, made an ad
dress in which he assured Wilson that
tho French pc!;?! had spontaneously
given their hearts fo hint.
Tangie Probable """"
While nothing has foeen made pub
lic concerning any conflict in regard
to representation, it has boen known
that tho Balkan situation provided op
portunities for just such a tangle. The
status of tho Montenegrin delegate has
( Continued on page two)
Woman To Resume Study
After Lapse Of 2 Hears
University of Oregon, Eugene, Jan.
13. Twenty one years ago Susie Gibbs
laid down her work in the university
after two years spent in the academic
preparatory department and one year
and one half in the university proper.
Now, ae Mrs. Hnsan B. Iewis, of Dex
exionsiun unmiou m cumulate nur iu-
Mrs. Lewis, -while in college, took a
eonrs" in science. In a letter to the ex
tension division she asks for. a state
ment of her standing and for informa
tion regarding correspondence study.
She inquires how long it will take her
to finish the course she began hero
twenty five years ago.
Oregon's Cold Snap
Baky For Montanan
University of Oregon, Eugene, an.
IS. "It's pretty warm over here,
isnH it!" asked a new arrival oa the
campus one night last week, Nrhiie the
Willamette valley's fmnsual cold snap
was still in its frigid glory. ;
The party of the second yvrt tarned
up his overcoat rollar and replied, to
oniniscently, through teeth that threat
ened to chatter; -
" Yes, it was up to n-ninety eight
one day last summer."
"Oh," I didn't mean in the summer;
I mean now." It wn Box Reynolds,
a pew journalism student, speaking.
When 'Rox loft Ms home in Missoula,
few days ai it was 15 degrees be
low wro, just forty degrees lower than
it was in Eugene.
Former Speaker Cannon has been
named by Speaker Clark to preside at
the joint memorial services, to be hcldj
oy me senate ana nouse on renruary y,
CHARLES y. C01BY 0 F
0N KILLS HIS
WIFE AND SHOOTS StLF
Leares Note Bet Does Not At
tempt iajflanahoi Of His
Deed la It. ;
Beaverton, Ore., Jan. 88. "I have
killed three men in my life.' bat this
killing of tho woman I love and wor
ship above anything else oa earth takes
This note, written s by ; Charles W.
Colby, aged 67, who lived on a ranea
near this eity, wa sent -to Sheriff Al
exander. It also requested the official
to take charge of Colby's pls.
Going to the fsrm early Sunday
morning the sheriff,' after battering
down a door, found tho dead bodies of
Colby and his wifo, aged 30, on a bed.
Both hed been shot through the head
with a revolver.
Colby was fully drosscd. llis wife
had boen shot while asleep. No motive
for tho double tragedy is known. The
Colors were niarriod in Baa FranciBco
ten years ago.
it is Deiieved the rancher, who is
known, to have had a violent temper.
murdered his wife following a quarrel,
came from PrinerUle.
uoiby came here a few yotrs ago
from Prineville, whore he was arrested
for killing Shorty" Davis. - Ho was
never tried, the state having insuffi
cient evidence, ,and Mr. Stroud, who
knew him there, says he wag doubtless
innocent of the crime.
Mrs. Colby was the daughter of Mr,
and Mrs. B. F. Minor of Richmond,
Cal., whore sho has five brothers and
two sistors, besidos the sistor in Port
land. Colby was the son of Captain
Colby, niasttr of a Sacramento rivor
Btcainer during the days of tho gold
rush in California. The Coybys were
childless. After the inquest the body
of the wifo will bo shipped to Rich
mond, Oal., for intorracnt.
Mrs. Dant arrived at Boaverton to-
Lday to soo hor sister's body, and says
sho does hot think joalousy prompted
J..,l ll.l flnlU a..,aVl.iin.,f.
Lilt? s.'i. uuk vitmi iij n.i jiduwi,-
aged and contemplated suicido, and
could not tolerato leaving his young
wifo behind.' In Colby's lest letter to
Stroud ho said ho worshipped the wifo.
They had a beautiful bungalow, and the
intorior gave evidonce of well ordered
GOVERNORS OF MANY
iH&s Plan Extensive Pub-
ik vi wh$ iu idnv tore vi
Labor Surplus. '
New York, Jan. 20. Governors of
many states, in interviows with the
United Pross, expressed their intention
of eo-operating with fcdornl authorities
in securing employment for returning
Senator Kenyon, in Washington, re
cently urged a confcrcnco of governors
to discuss tins problem.
Some states uro planning extensivo
public works to take cafe of the labor
Following aro tha statements:
"North Dukota's farms will tukc
care of unlimited employes in tho
spring," said Governor Fraicr. "High
way building and the erection of stato
flour mills and elevators will give work
t0 thousands. There may be unemploy
ment in other states but there will bo a
big shortago of farm Ichor here unless
thmwnnds of soldier farmers return."
Governor Burnquist of Minnesota, in
a special mcsssgc to tne state legisla
ture, recommended that body -to put
aside certain funds for immediate fi
nancial relief of the unemployed, at
Missouri u Busy.
"Missouri is utilizing every suitob'j
agency in an etrort to ntodie tne la
bor problem," said Governor Ocrdner,
I will be glad to co-operate in any
attempt to devise further planj or ren
der the present program more effect
ive. Plans call for $60,000,000 for road
Bolative to Senator Kenyon ' sugges
tion thst tho governors of various states
hold a conference, Governor Allen of
Kansas aaid he had no doubt an ex
change of views might be beneficial in
arriving at a solution of the unemploy
ment problem. For Kansas he advo
cates an extensive road building pro
gram and erection of public buildings
as the logical means of furnishing work
and stabilizing conditions. ' '
Governor Hobby of Texas expressed
henrty sympathy with tho Kenyon idea.
"I shall attend the conference if
called," said Governor Coolidge of
Massachusetts, "but mT opinion is that
the governors can accomplish more by
staying home and attending to the cm-
(Cn tiased oa pugs two)
RAPIDLY TAKING SHAPE
SENATE HNISHED WORK
QUICKLY THIS MORNING
Letter From SoMier Corres
pondent Desosces Anti
It took the state senate aaout b min
utes to clean up its work this morning,
and then take a recess until this after
noon.' In that 15 minutes Sena tor J- C
Smith introduced a joint n.emorial to
congress, urging the enactment of legis
lation which will insure negroes the
privilege of voting in tho south, Son
ator Pierce introduced a joint resolu
tion, culling upon the government to
recognize the republic of Armenia and
to assist the republic in gelting on its
feet, four new bills were introduced,
tnii a letter trom uergeant Marry U.
Critchlow, a newspaper man who re
ported the senate for a Portland paper
at tho, 1917 sostdon, to President Vin
ton was read.
' Slap at Democratic Forty.
Scnutor Smith's memorial is couched
in language intended to give a slap a
tho democratic party and President
Wilson. It quotes extracts from vari
ous uttorances of President Wikon, such
as "making the world safe ror oemoc
racy" and "all just governments de
rivo their power from the consent of
tho governor," and "the common pco-
plo may have full voice and participa
tion in the administration of their
"I'll a large section of our buii coun
try conditions aro allowed to exist
through which a majority of tho com
mon pcoplo ure donied any voice or par
ticipation in their government, every
part of which section is dominated by
the political pnrty of which President
Wiluon is the head," says the muwior
ial. -:, ,j.,; . " .. . . , ' ' 1
"This manifestly , unjust and Incon
sistent condition of affairs, woll known
to the other nations of the earth, tends
to weaken tho influence and discredit
tho sincerity of our nation as a pro
claimed champion of liberty and popu
"We belie vo that justice to our own
representative form of government, a
desire for the proper balance of power
iu our national, affairs, and tho culti
vation of decent Belf-respcct among
our citizens all demand that our natioi
set itself rijjht beforo tho world,"
Tho memorial urges congress to "cor
rect by legislation tho great wrong
abovo set forth," and to mcke effective
the section of the constitution guarn-
teeing free and equal right to all citi
zens. The memorial was referred to tho rck-
In his letter to tcr.cior Vuitnu, bor;
geant Critchlow, who is now in FiViice,
"Since you lnt heard from me, I have
served through the Argonne fight.
There I was with tho 91st, tho flower
of the western youths. I saw them
go into battle as bravely as my sol
diers who ever fired a gun and sow
them come out, worn and bloody, with
ranks thinned, but with faces that
spoke setisfnetion at having performed
a duty well and creditablo to tho west
that gave them birth. After tho Ar
gonne we fough in Belgium nd were
STATE PAVING INTERESTS
CAUSED BIG STIR TODAY
Representative Sheldon Bitter
In Tirade Asaisstjliihu
Htic Trest" '
The slumbering" fires between the big
paving interests in the state and those
opposed to the big paving companies
almost broke into a flame this morning
on the motion to postpone the meeting
of the' house and senate with the State
Highway coiumiitsion and state engin
eers nntil next Monday evening. -
Sheldon of Medford was not back
ward in talking about the "slimy, mis
erable incubus put in the program by
tho bitulithie trust." Referring of
course to the snap judgment when the
i(G,iW0,U00 paving bill was thrust upon
the house just a few hours before the
final sojournment of the 1917 session.
He said the same group of trust pav
ing men would try it again this sessior
and that he wanted to " prevent a
group of men putting on this blood
sucking octopus they had last session."
He intimated that the big road pro
gram should not have the burden that
it had two years ago.
Dennis of Yamhill eonnty, who ' is
chairman of the Boads and Iligliwny
driving the enemy back rapidly when
tho 11th of Novembor eame, and we
were told that the armistice htd beon
agreed opon. The torn and blood
stained, earth of both battlefields con
tains the graves of many sleeping com
rades, eomrades who fought until the
last and gave their lives willingly. The
west will never forgot these men, and
every man who has served beneath the
91st division eolors will always be proud
of sues, serviee.
"War is not s- pleasant thing, Billy.
It is not pleasant to have shrapnel and
machine gun bullets flying around you
thiek and fast, taking your comrades
and friends in its toll. Wo aro all glad
that it is over and will bo happy whon
we can return to tho homes we loftf be
hind. We will eome home e- different
set of men, men who have experienced
all the hell human ingenuity can make.
t Oa Stars and Stripes Staff.
: "Tw0 days aftor tho signing of the
arniistieo, I wss callod by A. E. F.
Headquarters to join the Sturs and
Stripes, tho soldiers publication. Upon
reporting to Pans I was sent to the
firBt division, which forms the ad
vance section of the army of occupa
tion. 1 have an automobile at my dis
posal at all times and have-seen most
of the neutral country of Luxemburg,
the most of the Gorman territory ucu
piou by tho Amorican army, and have
experienced strange experiences. I
"I was one of tho first Americana
to cross the Rhine. I hnvo seen more
beautiful country with the army of oc
cupation than I over saw in Franco.
The it hi no valley and the Moselle val
ley aro bonuuful; Mark this: the Ger
man pcoplo are not starving. They aro
slock and well fed. They lack white
flour and tallow, but outside of those
things they have more food than the
people of Franca The -cry of "Starv
ing Germany" was propaganda hatched
up by exports' to temper tho minds oi
the allies with mercy at a time when
morcy should not be shown. v
Won't Be Dictated To.
"Billy, thoro is going to be a lot of
long hairg at tho sossion this year ask
ing that .an anti-cigarette bill be pass
ed. Thoy will try to got tho lcgislatiou
through beforo tho soldiers got back.
Tho cigaretto has been ono of tho best
frionds the soldier hns had ovor hera
Call it athrout or whatever you want
to but tho mm who casts his vote
against the cignrotto in Oregon bettet
ordor his political tombstone, for it will
bo erected for him by the men who
now wear the O. D. on foreign soli,
and mark this: we sro not going to be
dictated to by a lot of old women who
hung around tho state house trying to
peas anti-cigiirotto bills Inst year.
"I can hear the old sistors and broth
ers saying in tho enrg of legislators.
"W8 must guard against tho morolo ol
our brnvn sdldifr boys when they re
turn," .We havo spent the k-st . few
months in countries much lowor in mor
ality than our own and havo taken care
of oursolvos and omorgert clean. vve
think wo can get along back homo with
out lot of old women trying to direct
"You can quote me as saying any
thing if you want o but do toll thorn
that I seriously object to having some-
(Centtnuoi on page five
committee, iwid who is thought by many
to represent just what Mr. Sheldon docs
not, objected to a general discussion and
tho taking of affairs out of the hands
of the Rosds and Highway committee.
Mr. Gore of Medford who is also lined
up with Mr. Dennis on the Boads and
Highwsy eommittoo, thought is should
not be judged by ulterior motives. ,
Mrs. Thompson of The Dalles said
she wanted light on the proposed road
bills. She referred to tho time two
years ago when at the closing hours of
the session the $6,000,000 road bonding
bill wis rushed through. "We niub'
have More light on this proposed $10,
000,000 road bill and if we don't, wt
will vote against it. It will do no harm
to talk it over early in tho sessions."
After the oratory was over, it was
finaly voted that a joint session of the
house and senate should be held in the
house Monday evening, January 27, and
at thij session there should be present
tho Roads and Highway committees of
tho senate and house, tho stato engin
eers and members of the State High
As the vote stood today, those oppos
ed to what Mr. Sheldon termed "the
slimy miserable incubus" won the fir.it
round and there will be some light
thrown on tho proposed spending of
$10,000,000 for good roads the coining
SAY 4 ITEMS ARE
Desire That Soldiers Shczli
Receire Maxipaa Con
sideration. ALSO THAT EUROPE DO
ALL HER OWN POLICING
Would Revise Taxes As Well
As Industrial Welfare;
By1 L. O. Martin.
(United Pregg staff correspondent)
Washington,- Jan. 20. The program
of progressives in congress is rapidly
taking shape. The essentials of their .
1. Immediate and adequate liquida
tion by tho government of its obliga
tions to returning soldiors and sailors.
Prompt meeting of tho uuemuloy.-
ment problem, followed by a scientific
uutioual handling of the question- of
employment as permanent govern
ment policy. i !
3. Severance of America's intlmUe
relations' with European affairs as such
at tho earliest possible moment.
4. Inauguration, cs speedily as neo-
essary caio in legislation will permit, '
oi uoinesiic policies designed to in
crease democracy in tho United State
i These four items Cover a multitude of
closely related questions, progressive
lloriih, Hiram Johnson, Kenyon and
Cummins aro the leaders of the pro- ,
gressivo group. ,
Want Vocational Training.
On tha first point the progressiva ,
idea is that the mon who went over
sens to give their lives, if iiocd be, ia
defense of liberty, should roccive max
imum consideration from the nii-lion. Vo
cational training, jobs for all soldiors
aud sailors, rehabilitation tu tho full
est degreo of wounded, uro among
pli-nks in the progressive platform.
On point two Senator Kenyon has al
ready made a stand by proposing an
unemployment .conference of governors
to devise emergency action. After tha
present unemployment difficulty has
been met, pj(gressives favor propK-rod-uess
to meet periodical unemployment
by collecting data which will enablo
tlio fetkral Crnjiloymeat servico to place
surulus labor whoro ifis-iiiuil wta. .
Point thrco involves speedy return ol
American soldiors, both from tho Fran-
Hnil,irmf.n finl.l nnnpoliiuie Mn.l f.nnt
Russia, and leaving to Lurope her own
policing, if any is refused.
The fourth point covers government
economy, revision or tax laws, indus
trial welfare legislation, wise regula
tion of immigration, encouragement ot
American industry and business and ev
erything possible to bring to tho work
ers of America en era of contentment
and prosperity. .
Secretary Br.ker is nrging a bill to
authorize purchase of land in Franc
for military cemetery to be designat
ed "The American Field of Honor."
Lafe Bud's uncle is gittin' so ol
he never misses a minstrel show.
Ever 'buddy's wrokin' somebuddy elie.
ABE MARTIN i ;
Vv V. . -.'. .j.".'.