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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 10, 1919)
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OH TWAINS AND NEW
CTAVTJ8 rrVTE CENT
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 4.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1919.
0 m i m
TO AGREE TO
Situation Has Been Ref0V To President Wilson In
ParisL-Commandeeriv , Tug:s And Manning Them
With Nary Men Is Possourse Of Settlement
New York Is Threatened Wel And Food Famine
New York, Jan. 10. Tug and terry-
loat. men today refused to agree to a
48-hour armistioe in their strike, which
lias tied up Now York harbor.
The railroad administration . asked
(he strikers to enter into an armistice
eo that .food and fuel could bo brought
into tli o city- and ocean steamers now
fov-ing in . tho lower harbor could be
. A numbor of individual boat owners
offered to grant the- workers' demnids,
luit union leaders declared all such
propositions had been refused. The mea
will stick together to the finish, it was
stated. Harbor traffic was at a com
Unless harbor traffie is resumed very
oon New York will be on low fuel
nd food supplies, the lower bay ' be.
congested with incoming steamers una
He to dock and conditions will be ex
ceedingly grave, it is believed.
The harbor remained bare of ship
iing this morning. Commuters wora
nable to cross the bay and rivers oa
ferries and the tube trains were jam
med to suffocation. Serious freight
congestion is feared. A numbor of
steamers are lying at quarantine. Six
teen thousand boatmen were out this
morning. They demanded more pay and
uliorter hours. The government blames
tlio boat ownors for the troublo as thoj
refused to arbitrate the question oi
liotlrs ef work;. - . --
Referred to Wilson.
Washington, Jan. 10. The New York
li arbor strike has been referred to Pres
ident Wilf.on in Paris. He has been ad,
vised by eable of tho serious situation.
At the white house advices were ex
pected from him soon.
The government will step in to scttla
lie strike unless boat owners and mar
S&tencs Wiihd Until ;
Moiwa For M:w Trial Mads
Chicago, Jan. 10. Victor Berger, con-
jM-cfwnan-olect from lseonsiu, and
four other socialist lenders face senten
ces of from. 10 to 20 years in priBon
or fines of from $.1000 to $10,000, or
lioth. The others Ere Irwin St. John
Tucker, J. Louis Engdahl, Willium F.
Knize end Adolph Germer.
Verdict of guilty to charges of vio
lations of the es.ionage act was return
ed Into yesterday after nearly six hours
Sentence was withheld by Judgo K.
Vt. Lsndis until motion for now trial
liad been heard January 23. The con
victed men were given their liberty
911 $10,000 bonds each.
60th Congress to Decide.
Washington Jan. 9. The effect of
(Victor Borgor's conviction for violation
of the espionage act on his being seated
in the next house of representatives can
iot be determined until the sixty-sixth
Under the constitution each house of
representstives is judge of its own mem
Th' trouble with farmin', is that
thcr's alius somethin' t' do when yon-
re lonfin'. "It makes me as hot as a
Ford." said Tell Binklev when he
card th Crown Prince talks some a
runuin' fer city clerk o Berlin. '
ine w,rko.Vget togother quickly. Jnit
how the- federal authorities propose to
intervene is aot revealed. But - they
have made it plain that they do not
propose to see New York in the grasp
of a food famine and New England
and ither coastal listriets suffer from
a prolongs 1 strike.
. A hint of the possible course of set
tlement Comnit ndeering of tugs and
manning thow with navy men rn
seen in the New York report thst suc.i
action wi sanctioned in the ease of
munitioni e'tips, should they need more
lightering thn is available.
The railroad administration soniq
time ago promised to give the tug mer
an eight "jour day, but hail not put this
into effmit. Inasmuch as this is what
the tug men want, it is held new mat
the promise stands in the way of a gen
eral arbitration movement on the part
of the railroads. Once this is put into
effect, it is hold, there are no question
for the railroads to arbitrate..
WON! ENTER Bill
Government Believes No Good
Coald Come At Present
From Such Action.
Washington, Jan. 10. Ths American
government has no present intention of
sending its forces to Berlin.
That fact was learned on high offi-
cial authority today in the wake of ,
the Prussian capital revolution and tho
new hints that doughboys would bo
The propaganda in favo of Ameri
can occupation emanate mainly from
tho middle of the road group.
The United States government, be
lieves that intervention international
ly now would provoke trouble rather
than settle it.
Whiie early advices indicate a trend
toward dofiat of the Liebki.echt group
it is pointed out here that the Sparta-
cus men, as the aggressive torcc, arc
seeking to dominate the coining eleu-
though past tests have
sliown thoy constitute a minority.
Should ttio Spartacus group gain con
trol, indemnities will bs refused, it is
said, and tho only way to collect them
will be by force.
Roosevelt Left Es&ie
Worth 500,000 Mjri
T- . T
New York, Jan. 10. Then-
dors Roosevelt loft an estate
cstimatod to be worth $500,-
The will, it becams known
today, bequeathes the entire
residue of the estate in trust
to Mia. llocs-velt.
Colonel Roos'Tclt aUo left a
trust fund of $60,000, inherit-
cd from his father, to lis five
children, in equal portions. He
also left to his children in
eqnal parts all of his pbte and
Portland Has Jay Walking -
Orface Effective Today
Portland, Jan. 10. Rtop Look
Thnt'g what PortrandTs had to do
today when- they eamo to street inter
scctiwia in the congested business dis
trict not just those who glided along
in riraeuainea, but those who rode on
- The city council, the other day, de
cided too many automobile accidents
were th rule, so it proceeded to pass
an ordinance, effective today,' that
compels Mr. Pedestrian to wait en the
corner until the traffie cop gives him
tfhe high sign.
And "jay walking" is taboo here,
according to the same ordinnuce, which
stipulates that streets shan't be cross
et except at intersections.'
To assist Portland citizens in follow
ing thn "straight and narrow pathe,
whito Hner have bes painted on the
j InfUicaza lia redoced th attendance
at ttntrtlia schools from oGH to 2o2.
AMERICANS READY 10
BEG!N REAL BUSINESS
OF PEACECON FEREKCE
Considerable Difficulty- E
ccsstered In Formally Be-
By Fred 8. Ferguson
(TJnited Press staff correspondeat)
Paris, Jan. IQi The American peec
delegation was ready and anxious to
day 'te iget down to business. , i
Preaidemt Wilson ' mud Lhi fellow
commissioners were, inclined to feel
there have boon enough "shows" and
to believe tho beat plan is to go to
work immediatelyJJut as time slips by,
preliminaries to the formal ... confer
ences become mora confusing. It is la
possible to tell one hour what is like
ly to happen in the neat. Engagements
for conference are boing broken right
and left. Dignified diplomats are ar
riving at various places on the minutes
for their engagements, to find theT
has been a hitc-h somewhere and that
they must sit and admire the wall pa
per for half aa lour, while affairs ara
uwn'g winugnuroua win.
Anxioua for Show
French are anxious
some sort of a "show" to mark the
start wf the formal oonferoncos, in
cluding an address f welcome by
President Poineare. Wilson muc pre
fers individual conforerace between
raprecnt(attvo Vof OreJat Britain,
Franijo, Italy and the United States,
calling in othoi allied dolrgatioris' as
the conferences dowlop and thus per
mitting the conversations to evolve
gradually into the "ieace conference
proper. Taa initial session of the entire
congress which would too open could
then bo as ehewy as desired.
When tho French had decided they
were ready to atase the opening ses
sion in itho Quai DXJrsay (toreign of
fice), they issued an announcement to
that effect without previously notify
ing any of those most intr rested. ,
. Unaware of .Meeting
Even Premier Olemenaenu Wa. dn'-'
awaro of the mooting, w.iii"h was sot
for Thursday afternoon, as he had ar
ranged a onferemo,e (twith Colonel
House Wt i p. m. on that day.
The announcement, wh'cu had re
sulted in throbbing newspaper articles,
necessitated hurried telephoning every
where. The announcement was with
drawn. The president is keeping the Ameri
can coniiibissionors on the jump by his
unexpected strolls into lieuilfjuaiteis at
the Hotel Crillou. it
is nover known
when ho is coming.
CI TO ARRIVE SOON
Mostly Eastern And Middle
West Debckests Aboard
' 'CcLic And Huron.' '
Washington, Jan. 10. The Forty
Ninth iiilnntry, field ami slaff, med
ical detachment, r'irst and Second bat
talions of tho 83d division, sailed Jan
uary 7 from Frarfra aboard the trans-
and is due in ivw iorx
Tho transport Huron 1 ft France for
Newport .News and is due January 15
with tho following troo:
Companies If V and K medical de
tainment, Fifty Sixth engineers, Third
provisional tbattailionj cas.ial (.'ompanie
121 (O-eorgia); 122 (New York); 123
(Kansas); 124 (Arkansas)-, i 25 (Ohio)
and 412 and 413 (Maryland) and 414
Field hospital number S04 of the
Seventy Sixth division, on" tffie?r and
six mn; Heoond heavy moSiile orrtiuinco
repair shop; sick and woii'iued auoui
400. and a troop of casuals
49th Infantry on Oelt.c
Aboard tho Celtic is tho 49th in
fantrr outfit which is a regit Uir regi
ment, roplacinif Uhe d-iad regiment sent
to Italy, casual wmpamea aonioors
(New rork); m (Virginia); 433
fKansaai: 435. (Now York'.; chMnital
warfare swvico casual company; num
ber 31 and some casuals.
The transport Atenas, Bi rdeanx for
New York, is due January 1 with a
detachment of hcadquarit rr . troops
(92d division); medical detachment.
iletaenment casual eeuapany mimoer n
and a group of earal officers, Uia to
tal joard being 111. '
The followioiK oraamnation was- pot
on the priority list. Twelfth ialloo
company, 420 and tzs teiosrapn n-
talions, onlnartca cascai .company nui-
oer 21, company 5-5 tranniwrtatioin
WAB WOBBXBS GET CABI ABE.
Wasliington, Jan. 10 War workers
u flnrked here when the United
at-to. onternl the war. will get their
rannnrtatinn oaid home when they ar
Announcement was mule at tne wnive
house today that President Wilson has
signed the-bill granting suck earfar,
BRITAKI AI1D U. S;
. GROWING DAILY
Ud CedTs Pkt Fr League
Usa 0a Sdbfs
Asssricta M?Ms8 Myi
Cir!g Lcsifs. :
By Robert J. Bectdw ;
(Waited r'ess Btaff Correspoadeat.) .
Pans, Jan. 10 The British may kv
ta' honor of fathering th definite plan
for application of :PreBideat Wilson '
priaeipla of lcagu of nation.
. The impression was growing hers to
dry that plans formulated by incmbere ,
be adopted by the peace eonfarance. It
is known that the America alelegatat
are sympathoticclly studying ideas ad
vanced by the British official and it
is bolieved the president, who has form
ed his own p:an, iB insdned toward
tho British piogram.
Added siiduth has beon given to
this view by Hie fact that Lord Cecil,
assistant irceUiir. of state for forcigu
affairs, who lobg ago took n advanced
attitude on this subject, is engaged in
constantly lengthening , conference!
with the American representatives. Oth
or influential members of the British
acbinot also submitted data regarding
tho league of n&tions, which tho Amerr
cans aro studying thoroughly and with
growing approval. '
Cecil's plans, it is known contemplate
far more powor for tho league than has
beou suggosted from other allied sourc
es. It is believed also that he is in
clined toward Wilson's attitude, that
Germany should be admitted to proba
tionary membership. Cecil has often ei
pressed tho view that formation of tho
leaguo u tho most important and should
be the first work of tho pec., w. ,
Is Happy Anyway.
London, ; Jan. 10. Agroemont of
Great Britain and the United Mtatos oil
tho broad outlines of the peace settle
mout is a happy augury for a satisiac
tory conclusion of tho Pari3 conferences
Americtii Ambassador tlavis doclareu
horo today in a speech at Pilgrims'
club. He was entertained tlaro at u
lunchooii, to welcome him to Knjilaud,
Uavis raid deep tributo to Former
Anibnssador Page, who recently died,
and to tho war rocords of the British
ompire. Ho praised the increasing spi
rit of frindliness and conporntion be
tween tho United States and (iront
Britain and spoko with great pride oi'
America's part in winning tho war.
With regard to tho peaco sottlcmcnt
and tho agrocment of his own country
and Ureat Britain, Davis declared he
believed th two nations would bo as
harmonious as to tho dolails of peace
as they were on its broad general out
lines. "I am Buro tho samo great idea's
and purposes animate Britain and Am
erica," ho said. "And therefore I am
Mire there can bo no rightful eonflict
betwe.ea our freodom interests in the
"We ask to be set free from the con
stant fear of war."
"Tho doctrine of arms and th abili
ty of irresponsible powers to do mis
chief," ho ssid, "must giv way to
th rule of common right."
"We proposo," he asserted, "to ere
ate a due safeguard for th mainte
nance of justice and liberty."
FAilY I11SMD .JUS
ITiiED IlijDVll HOME
HeaisOf Yictks M Bcea
Resmc! hi Were M
Oxford Junction, Iowa, Jaa. 10. The
five members of the Frank Blieek fami
lv. whose bodies- were found in th
ruins t)f their burned homa near here
late yesterday, were murdered, accord
ing to evidence gathered by th eoroner
of Jones errnnty at the inquest loaay.
- Aceordins to E. L. Mazruder, an at
itorney assist ig the eoroner, the head
i of each bodv wa missine, while other
0f the bodies were not badly horned.
I Beside the body of Blisek, the bodies
f his wife, dcugnter Mary, api'u n.
Lucille, aged 4, and a son, Frank Jr
(Continued on page two)
STRIKES III EUDIOS !
AIRES IS CAUSING
iPresMsnt hfeoyea Urges Ar-
geslas Congress To l3
' ' - dareMlkrykw. I
By Jamea 1 HUler
(United Press Btaff Correspondent.)
Buenoa Aires, Jan. 10. Danger of ac
tual starvation was confronting the peo
pie of Buenoa Aires today' as result
of tho general strike tying Up all trans
portation. All slaughter hsuses and mat mar
kets were closed and stocks of other
food were rapidly disappearing. There
was no immediate prospeet of replenish
ment of supplies, i . . ,
An attempt wa mad today to start
up traffie, but was suppressed by bod
ies of armed strikers. Scores of ve
hicles were demolished.
Following the sanguinary battle be
tween strikers and the poliee, whiuh
continued all night, tha government was
expected to take vigorous action today,
There were many casualties. .,
Patrol Streets irith Quna.
Buenos Aires, Jan. 10. Sailors anS
soldiers with rifles and machine guns
rmtrnlled the streets todav. following; a
Biaht of strike rioting: in which many
In fiehting at the Vaua iron -works
soldiers turned machine guns on strik
ers, who replied to this fire with ma
chine cuns taken from the arsenal -when
thev raided it. Six wore killed and
many wero wounded.
Tho Catholie eirls school was sot
afire by the strikers but none was hurt
Socialist deputies demandou to Know
why the government permitted the dis
orders. This TjrecipitBtod a light m
President Irigoycn urged congress to
declaro military law.
Nowspapers wore not sold on the
streots today, onlyanough copies being
orinted fur delivery to subscribers.
Half the police went on strike. Oth
ers joined them. ' As a result there were
no police on tho streets.
. Mobs estimated at 150,000 have tor
rorized the city. Many buildings and
nno church havo boon burned.
When the arsenal was raided tho
SuardB were overpowered. Largo quan
tities nr arm. and ammunition wero dis
tributed to small K'onps of rioters all
through the city.
ROLES COMMITTEE TO
WAR RiSKN SURANCE
Colonel Lmdsley Head of Bur
eau Will Net 0pp32 Mak
ing Of Investigation.
Washington, Jan. 10. Congressional
agitation for action against tho war
risk insurance bureau came to a head
today when Chairman Pou culled tho
houso rules committee together for a
hearing on the McFadden resolution to
investigate the bureau.
Pou's action follows months of
charges that the bureau is "inefficient,
criminally negligent" and "extrava
Colonel Henry u. wnasay, rnconiij
made head of the bureau, according to
friends in concress, will not opposo the
investigation and may even request tho
rules committee to authorize it.
Republicans and democrats who want
the investigation may hope, through it
The rcasoj why thousands of allot
ments nave been delayed or never paid
at all and why rules for conversion of
the insurance of discharged soiaieis
hav not been promulgated to months
after signing ef the armistice. I
Whether political favorites hava been
iriven- high administrative places in the
war risk buretvo, while experienceo. i
saraoea men have been put to work, in
minor job, from 1800 to 2.".00 a year.
McKadden earn before tho rules eom
nil tee today prepared to back his tit-
msnd for an investigation with letters
from enlisted mm, mothers and wives
of noldieis. Red Cross workers and from
officials of the bureau itself.
Fairbanks Wi Stage
Likrtvte Ym With
McAdoo One Of Co-Stars
Los Aneeles. Cel., Jan. 10. A govern
ment propaganda film in behalf of the
fifth liberty loan in which Douglas
Fairbanks may number William G. Me
Adoo, director general of railways, as
ono of his co-stars, is being planned,
it has been announced here.
Frank R. Wilon, director of publicity
for the liberty loan and Secretary Tu-
multy outlined the plan in telegTams
Fairbanks. The film is to be knewa s
"The Fool Killer."
Government Aviators Reported To Have Attacked Sil-
. mail. UVTCltUUHlt MKUJIV J AHAbM.- v-r J
Faror Of Chaacefier Ebert, Say Dispatches Today.-
Students At Berlin Orfudze Cavalry Regiments.
Copenhagen, Jan. 10. Barlia has at
last sxperieneed the horror of a sight
A dispateh to tho Bcrhngske Tidenae
today reported that government aviat
or attacked the Silesian railway sta
tion with bombs Wodnesday night, kill
ing 45 persons. -
The most intense fighting occurred
that night in the eontral and southwest
ern portions of tho city, the dispatch
said. Casualties were reported to be
Capture Public Buildings.
London, Jan. 10. The fight in Berlin
for control of the German government
machinery is turning decidedly in favor
of Chancellor Ebert, according to taa
latest advices reaching London today
Government forces were reported to
hav captured practically all pnbli
buildings. Martial law had been pro
claimed throughout the city and rein
forcoments wore pourine into Berlin
all day yostorday to elinok the appar
ent vietory over tho Spartacans.
The insurgents woro driven from the
telegraph offices by artillery fire. Spar
tacan headquarters sot up in the eontral'
poliee etation had been isolated by the
cuttlna of tolophono and telegraph wire
The Spartacans apparently held the
wator works and powor plants, result-
ing -in much of tho city being without
water and light.
The government is ostimated to here
more than 80,000 troops under arms at
Btrategio points throughout the country.
Students in Berlin wore roported to be
organising a cavalry regiment to aid
Tho Gerniania declared that more
than a thousand Russian bolsheviks in
German uniforms wore fighting on the
sido of tho insurgonts In Berlin.
Now outbroaks wore reported in some
places yesterday, including 8partaean
riots at Essen, Dresden and lortmuna.
Is Mastor of Situation.
Paris, Jan. 10, Cliaucollor Ebert is
master of the situation in Berlin, a
Zurich dispnteh to L 'Information de
clared today. .
WORLD CITY TO BE
TRADE AS WELL
Its Aim Is Betterment Of Ag
ricultural Conditions In
By Hendrlk 0. Andersen.
(Written for tho United Press.)
EDITOE'S NOTE: This Is the sec
ond of a series of four articles in which
TTnnflrilr O. Andersen. American archi
tect and scholar, set forth his Ideas
about the founding of a capital eity
and administrative center for -th
League of Nations.
In tomorrow's article the writer will
describe some of the institutions that
he expects to be housed in the interns
Ariculture was one of the first osca -
nations of humanity, but it still remains
one of man's activities, the conditio
of which is most backward.
ftointifo production is a world prob -
lcm.' On this subject there is need foi
more and more information snd better
distribution. Each nation is in a posi
tion to contribute something and each
nation wonld benefit by others' contri
butions. Until recently, particularly in th
newer countries, little thought ha beea
given te soil fertility, crop rotation,
animal nd plant breeding; Introdue
tion of newer typos of plants, or th
improvement of thoso already cultivat
ed. Tho result has been that many
farms have been exhausted and absn
doned. Is State Institution.
The International Instituto of Agri
culture, situated in Borne, is a state in
stitution, and 1 o proclaimed in th
treaty of 1905. The founders realized
the advantaires of state control, on
of the greatest which is the obligation
for the adhering states to carry our.,
each in its own sphere,
to, by general assemblies or oy pernuvnetu
rommitteen.- A snpernnuonai wu, .
come into existence superseding, in niat -
Titft VAMlmt Vn TTinftonhrtrv w in -
Potsdam, where he arrived two day
ago. He does not propose to allow, any
elections until order is fully restored.
Voa HindeiibnTg's presence, together
with the government's decision to. us
arms in suppressing the insurgents has
ompletoly changed the situation.'
The lied Flag, Spartacan organ, is
no longer being published. - (Undents
occupy the plant.
Great numbers ef volunteers are eu
rolling in tho government forces. Cav
alry and Prussian guards are meesod
at all gates of the capital. Gustav Nos
w, the military governor,- is working .
energetically to bring about complete
restoration of order. It is understood
that it was he who reconciled Ebert
and Von Hindenburg. , "
Disband Part of Army.
Lndon, Jan. 10. The German land
wehr and landsturm havo beon disband
ed, it was announced lu n official dis
patch from Berlin today. ..
The landwehr is tho "second line
army." Its ags limit Is oineiany, sot
. 39. The landsturm is a "home.de-
fense ' 'organisation. Its age limit is
fixed et 45, but thousands of older men
were in its ranks. Many landwehr divi
ainn. nW service at the front The
landsturm was largely used for garri
son and guard duty in the interior and
occupied territories. ;. . . ,:;
-!"- " . 11 '; r 1
Wants Ebert Kemored. ;
Copenhagen, Jan. 10. Tho soldiors'
council in Leipzig has demanded remov
al of the Ebert ministry, a dispatch
from that city said today.
Hindenburg at Cassel Now.
London, Jan. 10. Essen newspapers
report that Field Wivrslial Von Hinden
burg has arrived nt Cassel from Berlin,
tho government having, titrncd down
his offer to direct operations against
the Bpartacniis. ,
Cased! is 00 miles northeast of Frank
(Continued on page two)
AN AID TO THE
AS TO THE FARMER
ers within its scope, the various na
The aim of the institute is, in brief,
th betterment of agricultural condi
tions in tho different countries in the
interest of world agriculture.
Ono of tho best ways of improving
gricultural products U to demonstrate
what has been. done and how it has
been accomplished. -The farmer, eithor
alone or through his association or ins
government has Bern a large piaee ai
loeal, national awl great international
exhibits and world's fairs. It has been
a (.r'ng investment. The world admin-
isuativc centor would offer an ove:
greater incentive and a greater oppor
.tumty. fcven alone, though more often
through their aaaocittions and their gov
crnments, too larmers eouiu uiainutm
'a continuous exhibit at this permanent
world center. To those who cxhimtcu
it would mean new imirkets, for their
arid grains, their animal and g-
etb - Wo prouuois;.ann 10 mow.
rA tli exhibit it would mean an.
ecntive to improve their products.
Organization IS ureal ucip. -Abndunt
testimony can be produced
to show what can De aeeompusueu
through more ofgonized production. Den
mark in particular is a gooa example.
Half a century ago, Denmark was a
barren waste of sand dunes and many
of her people were in poverty. tHnco
IJIWU BHD uatl gminRm.
al evolution and today is one of th
most prosperous countries of all Europe.
Her farms are fertile and productive,
her people are well educated, industri
ous and prosperous.
In no country in the world do insects
impose a heavier tax on farm products
than In the United States. The losses
resulting from the depredations of in
sects on all the plant products of the
soil, both in their growing and in their
tnnul .tut, together with those oa live
stock, exceed the entire expenditures of
. ine ncu
onal government, lneuiumg n.w
l , (tostnacd a page