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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1919)
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enteed by ths Audit Bureau of
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LEY- NEWS SERVICE
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warmer east portion; Friday
'- rain, brisk easterly winds.
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 3.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1919
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON, TRAINS AND NEWS
8T A NTS TTV K T9
0 l lj
lied In A merican
! 'I 1 1
J ... i .U.. Viil 1 u
- F 1
da n a -
lms 3 mm
Nothing In Cable, However, Indicates That Victims Were
Americans.-.-State Department Regards As Possible
That Some Americans Were In Embassy, But Group
May Have Included Spanish Agents Handling U. S.
Business. Fighting Centered In Wilhelm Splatz.
GERMAN REVOLUTION SPREADS.
: Tke Spartacan revolution is spreading to all parts of
Germany, -dispatches from various European sources in
Uprisings, with varying success, have been reported
in Dusseldorff, Muelheirn, Schwerin, Oberenhausen, Mann
heim, Brunswick, Frankfort, Leipzig, Wittenberg and
Fighting was continuing in Berlin last night. Sev
eral hundred persons have been killed and hundreds more
wounded. - -;,
The Ebert-Scheidemann government : was reported
overthrown. Karl Liebknecht and George Ledebour, lead
ers, respectively of the Spartacans and independent social
ists, are said to have set up & new government in the Ber
lin police station. ;"
Contradictory reports said that the Ebert-Scheide-tnann
government is still safely in control and is gradually
subduing the revolt. '
Twenty persons were killed in the American embassy
in Berlin when the building was damaged during fighting
in adjacent streets Tuesday. . . -..
Rumors are afloat in Berlin that entente troops at
the request of Chancellor Ebert will occupy the city. ;
Other rumors were circulated that an American force
would assume control in Berlin to quell possible riots dur
ing the national elections, January 19.
All work was reported to have ceased throughout
Germany as a result of the revolution.
The railways were reported variously to be in thy
hands of the Spartacans and the government.
The military classes of 1919 and 20 were said to have'
joined the Spartacans.
Sailors from Kiel were reported to be rushing to Ber
lin to support the government.
General Ludendorff, who was last officially reported
to be living in seclusion in Sweden, was said to have ar
rived in Liepzig, prepared to take a hand in affairs.
Troops from garrisons throughout the country were
reported to be rushing into Berlin in automobiles to back
up Chancellor Ebert. .
By John Graudent
(United Press staff correspondent)
Berlin, .Tan. 7. (Night) Twenty
f n'runn were killed in the Americas
embassy today which was badly damag
ed by rioters.
(There ' i nothing in the cable to
indicate that the victimg were Amer
icans. The embassy is located in the
fccart of the city on a square where
considerable fiehtinir took tila.ee and
it is believed the building may have
(been struck by shots going wild.)
; Military Governor Noske who bu
fce,en given, full power "to surprew the-
Hpartacaa revolt, sag gonfr to Jaeter-
"Pg,-V. mutfe. sottta ol l atsdaaa) to
rmg .back rename, government troops
Rumors" were beard on- erery haad
today that. American: trOoj), would -o-CUDv
the eitv to duell anv riotinor du-
'lag the" national ele!tien (January
5.) The 'oiajoritf ' of the -jnhabiUnU
v uujq wpiromts incur, vovernment or-
f Heiala would make no comment regtaA
luS the riimorK"" " ' - - - -
The fighting today" tenterea ia the
.1UU1&.-1 t . ; r (t . . . - .
en ebsy.- :.-
. Maliin Owb Torirrm ; -
ttibl BHUtbiae giia totrnK.' A hundred
eiwraent - soldieri, wroring tnnwfc 1
rbptnetw aad- rnrmaA .with- grenade i
ftnniped in.. the.hll room.. -. ., - -
- -The - rwohakangeler-' i- guarded by
.. t : 11 . . : . i. - i v....t i. i
liOBrly. .., , .. , .... , ... -.. .
i : The iouxse hai -ien. ci6A b tha
pt vcrameofe offioiaU wao.eap4 wittt
United Press Correspondent
Woanded In Berlin Fighting
WORLD CITY WOULD UNIFY
THE "LEAGUE Of NATIONS"
Lkikaedt Feres New Gov
eroeot Ad Has Head
tparters h Police Station
Famous American Architect,
Long Resident Of Rome.
, Discusses Question.
By Hondrtk O, Anderson. ,1.
(Writton "for the United Pross.)
EDITOR'S NOTE This la the first
of a series of four articles by Hendrlk
O. Anderson, American architect and
scholar, long resident in Borne, In which
ho tells of the great plan for a capital
city for the League of Nations.
Thoso interested with Anderson In
promotion of the idea of a world city
expect to present the whole scheme,
with architectural drawings covering
the smallest details, before the peace
conference. ' ..:..
Anderson has devoted most of his life
world center plan, hoping that a Igue j.
of Nations would be formed In time e
givo him an opportunity to see his ideas
realized in brick and stone.
In tomorrow's article Andersen will
tell how an international city with its
various activities would affect agricul-ll
President Wilson 's lioble proposal to
governments and rulcts of all countries ijt
of forming a IiBgiie of Nations, has not
only mot with universal annrovat. but
it is becoming more and more evident
that the practical formation of such a
lotgue will, when established, protect
and expand tho essential interests of a-H
people' and nations, and becomo a (efl
nito means of abolishing war. -
In suggesting a practical pUn for the
League of Nations, the commffreial and
economic rotations are of primary iui'
London, Jan. 9. John Grau
denz, United Press staftf cor
respondent in Berlin, was bad
ly wounded during th) street
fighting, according to a per
sonal message received from
; him by the United Press bu
reau here today. Graudenz said
.he had a badly mangled foot
as the- result of being struck
by fragments of a hand gren
dV whieh erploded-near a tel-
raplr -offiee where, hr - had
' gone to file tome dispatches. -
Ho explained however, that "he -
was too busv to go to i lo
pital," - ; . - -
portance, and these and others must be!
protected by an international world
court of justice which must be safer i
guarded by an international military
force controlled by tho league '
'The international body of permanent
judges in tho world court should be
chosen by tho national governments
that will have united in forming a
League . of Nations, and these mea
should not only be versed iu interna-!
tional law, but should possess a broad
knowledge of international affairs. I
The standing military and naval i
forces that "hro necessary for the pro-
tcction of the League of Nations should
Ha fnrmnil anA tltni- .Its mnA nMifra.!
tions decided upon by a committee com
posed of military and naval experts
chosen by the government CB'1
tion forming tho League of Nations.
No time should bo lost in the organ!-
: zaiion oi a ijearuu ot iiaiionn. 110
; lawyer and the judge, the scientist and
!the scholar, the engineer and the arffhi
!tect, tho painter and the scluptor ,the
I contractor and the laboring man, the
: steel constructors and stone euttors, tho
electrician and-the inventor, every
branch of labor, industry and science,
. is needed in the building of our ' ' World
T jAdratniatrativa Center" for the League
of Xutions which most nac s an la-
ternational monument of liberty, aaa
WHSBB 8HALL IT HE? -
Where should tho world eity,
capital of the . League ef Na
tions, bo loeatodf .
Hendriek C; Anderees, chief
designer and planner, of the
proposed administrative center
for civilisation does sot pretend
to specify. One of the advan
tages claimed for his plan .is
. that the city could be located -
: almost any plaoe that might be
agroed uponby "a congress of
the nations, such as may follow
- the peaee conforence. .', y
. But in a recent sketch made
by Mr.- Andersen,, the interna
tional city, is shown lqeated in
tho United Staleji,
. South of -SoiurVleeeant, ??. ".
J.',' and east of tho town of
Lakewood, but a short distance
from Asbury Park and Ocean
Grove, is the site suggested. Of -
'this 'proposal Mr, Andoreen ;.
"The neighborhood of Lake
wood, in New Jersey, on the At- .
Untie coast of the United -
; States, is already celebrated for .
its even temperature sad cli-
' matio advantages.
,'lOa the bordors of a vast
continent,' the population of
which is descended from every
people of the earth, an Interna
tional Centre, established to fa
cilitate understanding and to
promote universal - progress,
would have a peculiar appro
priateness. "Directly conneeted by rail
with all the eitics of the United
States and Canada, this situa
tion would likewise offor every
convenience s a port. Ia cen
tral position, within easy reach
of the grand high-road, the Pan
ama ' canal, open to the great
continents to east, west and
south, communication with all
pcrts of the globe would swift
ly be attained. Undeniably,
there are upon this coast many
desirable positions, and Lake
wood is but one of these within
easy reach of several of ,the
great established centers."
Ebert Orders Ychsteer Re-
pdblion Dcfesss Gcrd To
Be Forced fcssediately.
Copenhagen, Jan. 0. liabJcnecht, Le
debour and Scholti have formed a new
government and have established head
quarters in the eentral police station,
Berlin dispatches reported today.
To Wilson Cabinet
1919 and 1920 Classes Join In
London, Jan. 8, The army classes
of 1919 and 1920 have joined the Spar
tacans, according to a Berlin dispatch
received by the Express today. The rev
olution wa reported to be spreading
throughout Germany. Fighting was said
to have ' taken xplaee in Leipii and
J Wittenberg." An unnamed .' American
newspaper- correspondent, wAs wounded
by- a grenade during the street f ight-
ing in Berlin. - . .
An American general, according to
the dispatch,' consented to raise, the
American flag over the, hotel as pro
tection for all American refugees, but
it was pulled down again when a mob
threatened to storm the building.
(Tho American officer was General
Harries, head of the American mis
sion, it was learned through a United
lTesa dispatch yesterday, which do
scribed this incident in detail.)
Spartacans after accepting a truce
A with the government yesterday, res 11 m-
vu uiuir ueiuuutHruuuim 111 xuriiu, ia
official wireless dispatch from the
German capital reported today.
At a meeting with the state chan
cellory of the government at 3:10 this
Wednp.adnv mnrninff. 1he KlttrtfLCftna
established a truce after both sides
had declared that they would not uso
force except in defence," the dispatch
How the armistice was adhered to
is shown by the fact that at 5:10 the
Spartacans stormed into Unter Den
Linden with printed circulars declar-
Thia Secretary Would Have Charge Of Department Of
Trnnsnnrtatirwi With TVrarprs Tn "P.nfnrr-o TTnifiod fln.
. - . w . ....
eration Of Railroads, According To Han Outlined
By T. DeWitt Cuyler, Spokesman For Railroads.
By Raymond Clapper ; sentatives of the interstate eommerce
(United Press Staff Correspondent.) loommission in hearing all eomploints.
Washington, Jan. 0. Bailroad Inter-1 Wks lairoad exeeutives presented this
esti today proposed that a secretary of plsa at preferable solution of the rail
transportsition be added to the prem-, eoad problem to the five year test peri
dent 'a cabinet, I 4 proposed by HsAdoo and the various
This secretary would be in charge of other suggestions for government opor
a department of . transnortation with ! at ion. leaeina of mwernmont owned rail
powers to enforce unified operatwa of
railroads, according to the plan out
lined by T. DoWitt Cuyler, spokesman
for railroad interests before the senate
interstate commerce committee.
Private ownership, management and
operation ef the railroads should con
tinue, Cuyler said, but federal super
vision should be compulsory,
. Functions of Secretary.
Functions of the secretary of trans
portation as recommendod would in
Recommendations as to rates.
Determination of policies for improv
ed transportation service.
Power to re-route traffic over various
lines to relieve eongnstioa, , , i.
Unification of terminals. .
Direction during war Or "serious em
ergency" of all railroads s one nation
al unit, ' '-,.
Control over all extensions and aew
construction of lines and terminal facilities.
Executive and Ldministrative powers
of the interstate commerce toxnm.ori
would be given over to the transports
roads and for enlarged control by the
Interstate eommerce commission.- :
xeentivea are strong in the belief
that state regulations must go and that
the railroad problem is strictly . a fed
eral one. -The regions! system would
merely distribute the . work of the in
terstate eommerce commission and
would not seatter any of the poweT cx
ereised by -fodoral agencies, it was
Government Should Regulate. ,
"Power of regulation of the instru
mentalities of interstate eommoreo coin
mission, including all rates, state and jn
terstAte, should be exclusively in the
hands of the national government," the
statement submitted by Cuyler, outlin
ing the railroad interests' plan declared.-...
. .. ',..,
"A system of federal incorporation
should be adopted for 'all railroads en
gaged in Interstate, and foreign com
merce," Cuyler Stated. ;
"Such systems should bo compulsory
and not eloctive. It should provide a
means of consolidation and merger for
corporations engaged in interstate or
uuuB00.uM.r7. r..u cumi.iu.iuu " foreign eommerce, with the necessary
condemnation provided tho
(Continued from page three)
Uwctkers Will Be Asked To
lert Of Oreja Pack
woriuV-hJtew the aeffastotsev-
; - WhHft. the oriirinaL' Gorniaa nroUhA
www - yuiroBi oHiMieaac ua. oia
TPgimcy the. iicxalit- are. ew-figftUnf r (3onliiae8 page inr)
each. Other. The independeBi socialists
have joined the Spartacans in attempt
ing -to overthxojs the ..-government,
which is dominatsd by majority social-
Ksai Ltebkneehr, addressisjr a crow
rf ' eVaionstt-atow- in" - the - Tiergartea
tai4:T"r :.- ...;. - - -1
rs 1 Tima for Action-T-- - - -
Workmen: and brother; 1bc moment
ha come for action. Don' retansato
the wdrlwriops "nntil"thr lak--ir-done.!
The Berirrr gameon will join ea.-Ebert
aad eeidemiar' sSer- gr-owr
apiiricrfe' ad setiens-wiB -bring -ua-
soeeeaa and '.will prew:tht-eseiaL'
cms seised- the:aMaiB.yrteTdyt-.- r fiat rertili e a-iie, beta. rertnyy I HirV-sr-rn.- as asprraUomi.-"
Roosevelt's Deata Greatly Al
Chicago, Jan. 9. Presidential pos
sibilities in 1920 were discussed guard
edly today by republican leaders who
are here for tomorrow's meeting of
the republican national committee.
Colonel Roosevelt's death has altered
the- situation radical! regardless of
. - ' - - whether he would have been a eandi-
Pratt and berry interests at Oregon- ,s nm4 it
1 1 - il. 1 : - ...1 . . 1 '
jusiice i0 cuinmcu.wnH.0 ruo nr. u nave fiaally- bom wsaseA d ere rwt. generally agrew
WT .J " , .ull iboat to- take aetio ever the. weit
vr 111 iu iruiu IJiaim; muu (in)miv v
futnre for true democracy and peace.
. Without considering motives, we my
say that tho world realises that merely
from the economic viewpoint, preveiM
ties of war is among the-greatest pres
ent day problem ' -'
- The' world- needs to have . the effort
to brinr people of alt callings In the
different nations into associations wits
oao Bsother.- systematise..- Bach a ee-
ordination - of frasraaal aspirations)
should eonr ai a result of government-
continue to act as quasi judicial body
and would be in charge of valuation
bout Inderal Jurisdiction.
Federal jurisdiction must be complete
over both state and interstate -rates,
Cuyler stated. But he proposed a group
of regional commissions, consisting of
one member from each state in tho vari
ous regions, those commissions to have
primary jurisdiction and act as rcpre-
secretn-ry of transportation finds that
such consolidation or merger is not con
trary to the public Interests and can
prove the same." ,
Bhippers and state utilities commis
sions, the latter of whom would bo
fused with complete eclipse by the plans
proposed, remain to be heard. ' ' 1
to mm, mm
hmin Dispatch Says He Has
Arrived In Leipzig. Spar
tacos Proclaim Strike.
London, Jan. 9. General Ludendorff
was reported In Berlin dispatches hers
today to have arrived In Lelpsig.
A division of cavalry Is reported to
have been massed outside Berlin with
the object of forming the national assembly.
WON'T LIFT ASMS EMBARGO.
Washington, Jan. 8. The United
States will not lift arms embargo
agninst Mexico for the present, it was
learned todsy. Ambassador Bonillts,
who was reported by tho United Press
totdoy as advocating removal of tho
embargo, has presented a formal re
quest to tho state deportment for sueh
relaxation. .. . . ..
M'ADOo TO SANTA BARBARA
Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 9. William G.
McAdoo, director of railways will reach
Banta Barbara Monday, according to a
private telegram received here today.
Ho has loused the Pillsbury .home ut
Hanta Barbara as his winter rosidencc.
another beeanse they d not under stand
omr another.-. --,-. ..
- The - World Administrative Centre
ws conceive for the-Leagse-of-lfa-.
tteme- in order to gather together' the
essentrat- inleiwls ef aH -wofilcrsni toj
fBrrratO-rttvTamd-fnltirnrnrt ef therrl
-Ttfo qaejtimi ef w-er wiit- Uk-care- f j
,'Ceniinned sa page twwt-'
kaowa fact that the choicest proddcts
f the state are sold by California
packers under a California braei. -
Chairman Will Hay was due here
this erf ternooa. Immediately upon his
arrival he was to confer wVth members
of the republican women's nationr.l ex
ecutive committee regarding campaign
They Ha-ee il.to takes note ef the fact ' -.u M.
tha nV'ra . dealers in- eaaaed-iruitsj. fieeretsry- James- Bv Beywolde- eonfer
r,ve only the California word fox theij informally early today- with west
best fruk ahijiped f rom-ths wssv andjertf eomnirtteemen; BeynoloV Indicste
that but very tttie is kaowa of. the ae-iths committee's business at the seasuin.
tual frnit and berry ondUions ia Ore-j will be largely routine and will be enr-
g-?a. --- - - Hailed because, ef the death or, Booss-
Ther -is also-a feelutg among korn-jvelt.
euharalists- that foteign corporations
al initiative.- -Peeplea aew diatruct.on-Nsheuld be es-mpelle to label their ea
oed berries and fruits showlsg where
peeked, thereby giving-Oregoa credit
for the choicest censed goods sold' in
ths esati -" - --'
- T bring this-to a head and' remedy
tkrw saf OTtunat -erfn-ritirrns, ths leg
isUtarw -ef WJ will be ssked to- psss
a ViHI mnsisg it eotitpslsety-fer all esss-'
inrri: frnit tBatkei- Sad --shippeiw-s
Harly arrivals today, included, Oom-
mitteemes. Fred rrtanUy, Kansas; ,Pat
Sullivan, Wyoming; Allan Jsynes, Ari
sona; Harry Kelly, New Mexico aad
H.H. IseGrrgsr, Texas, .... s
. , TJ.. 8.. TROOPS Df. EIBEBXA.- -. J
. Washington,. Jan. - 9. The., United
Mates has 7,523 .rase. aad. of fieera. isfObsrhsas--sr:
iCswttsstew ss paf tknty
isiberia sd M19 is .western- Russia, ac-
mJU 4m vK wtjr . rflr, rtfl rl mail.
nouneeme-nt yfstedsy.,-rf'' - -
Proclaim General Strike.
Copenhagen, Jan. 9 Bpertacans have
proclaimed a general strike throughout
Germany for January 19 in order te
prevent elections tn the national sesera
bly, scheduled for that day, it was re
ported is dispatches received here to
German troops have arrived in Ber
lin and Potsdam, according to dis
patch filed in Berlin on Tuesday. The
dispatch said the government 811 ClJ
tured the Red' Flag, official newspaper
of the 8partaeans.
. General Ludendorff (officially report
ed te be in Hwedon), is reported te be
en roate .to Berlin.
Several, shots, were fired on the Dan-
-isb Bed Cross building in Berlin, secord
mg t relsyed dispatches from that slty
An attempt by a mob to storm the
relehbanlton Tuesday, sight waa repuls
ed with machine gun fire. ;
"'Y '". 'I- AU Wosfc Stop
Oensva. Jan. V.- -All work has been
stopped throughoat German? as rentfli;
of: the spreading of the revolution, dis
patcher fwmt var-iMs eonrass mwibI
A bolshevik, rsvemment is said is
ABE IUI :
Rome fdlers have a way o' Uiaf'in'
bu,W --mrJiiinl is-lfaankarm, aaftithat make 'em look hsy, What'a be
' -.-: - leu me o' tnvoia time belli tnai uwxt.
A rvt has seessred 4a Natsmbiuf
iCestinued s psre two)
','Whea duty with her golden key on
loaks th'-. pas', remember " , ,