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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 27, 1918)
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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 306.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON CHAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CEKTS
.heUiim to i imwmifTf i
v T '-.y.!?
BERLIN IS m VERGE OF
IS EXPECTED TO GO ON
WOMEN TAKE G UNS
AIDING MUTINOUS MOB
OF SAILORS IN FRA Y
Crowds Enjoy Crumbling Of Former Kaiser's Palace
Under Artillery FircSpartacides Trying To Force
, Ebert To Resign-Sailors Will Support Chancellor
If He Postpones Enforcing Transfer Orders.
I.- w By Frank J. Taylor
. ,., Beil,i Dec , 24. Heavy, casualties
M'ere suffered today by- curious bystand
, or who gathered to witness the attack
on "the "royal palace, where mutinous
- nailors defended themselves against
ve-rnment troops. A great- number ot
sailors and soldier also were killed or
A battery of 77 millimeter fiold piee
. was (brought up 'by. the soldiers- dur-
ing the night and artillery fire direot
' cd at the p&raae: at intervals through
out the day.i Despite the close range,
many of the shells went wide and dam
aged other buildings. Flying debris kill
ed and injured civilians as seme of tae
jftiells exploded- at a 'Considerable dis-
elf was badly damaged.
(Soldiers stormed and captured por
tions of the palace following (the bom
bardment, but were unable to penetrate.
Mie royal stables, in which the sailors
were firmly entrenched.
Tho crowd seemed to be divided In
its-sympathies, but it 'was unanimous
tit its enjoyimont of the spectacle of
trie, iformer kaiser's abode crumbling
tcfore artillery fire. '
" Sailors StUI Hold Ou., ,
- Amsterdam, . Dec. 27. Sailors who
mutinied and fortified themselves in
fthe royal falace have surrendered, ac--ording
(to . a -Berlin dispatch dated
Tuesiluj . They were given their litborty
.by.. Otto Wels. city commandant, who
5n ,' a- (majority , socialist, the mossage
The palace 'has been occupied 'by gov
erument troop Sailors are reported to
Later dispatches indicated that thJ
Kitilors were still holding out and that
renewed fighting was expected.
Women Fight With Sallow
London, lcc. 27. 'Wives and sweet
fiearts of 'tha mutinous sailors have
H ized rifles and joined in defense of
the roval palaco against the loyal guard
according to a dispatch .filed in Berlin
Wednesday night and received by the
"He Stood On
President Wilson And Party Had Plenty Of Exper
. ienccs On Board George Washington On Trip
Across George Creel Hopelessly Lost His Sea
Legs. Others In Same "Boat"
' By Robert J. Bender
' (United Press staff correspondent)
; Paris, lc 14. (By mail..) The big
Best story in the world in a deer skin
oat stood on the bridge of the (ioorge
Washington as he steamed out of New
tYork harbor. It was President VVdsou.
The coat he wore was the gift of a
X'eorgia friend end wns made of aever
ui fine deer skins. Hat in hand, hi
.'ood beside Mrs. . Wilson acknowledg
ing the din of whistles, sirens, bells
vail cheers that wished him dob voy
The water is getting rou;?h early.
Oorge Creel ' retired to his stateroom
fhortlv after the vessel got under way
Ife was not available to visiter for
President Wilson rested n.ost of the
first three days, retiring early.
. Mrs. Wilson, in a long black far
"oat, promenaded on the deck at rego
lar intervals; ,
"Abandon ship" drill the aecond
lay out gave the passengers their firat
opportunity .to. try on. life belt and
get their life' boat assignments. Ono
ia?sengcr, Captain , U. H. ti.,
old timer, did not feel the need of
Slurrying his life belt out on deck.
'Ah, bjit you should set the example"
enelaimed Ambassador Jusserand, ex
changing views with the captain on
ifhe subject. Thereafter the eapt&in
wore his life belt.
Italian Ambassador Celleri appear
(t on deck ia a grey soft felt knoek j
nown nt. .
Whi'a President end Mrs. Wilson one
:y were on deck talking with the press
correspondents, Ambassador Jusserand
Although the sailors have technically
surrendered, they refuse to leave the
city and have announced they will con
tinue to support Chancellor Ebert, who
permits them to remain. ,.":
"The city is on. the verge of an
archy and fighting is expeoted to con
tinue," the dispatch aid.
" ' Two Conflicts Under Way
Two distinct conflicts are now un
der way in the city the armed oppo
sition of the sailors -and their women
to orders transferring the men to coast
al cities, and the efforts of the Bpar
tacides to overthrow the Ebert-Schcide
niann government. .. '
-TbeSpartacides, under tho leadership
of Karl Lieibknecht, have announced
their intention of .foreing the present
ministry to resign. The dispatch said
they continue in possession of the Vor
waerts plant, from which they are issu
ing the" "Red Vorwaerts." The build
ing is defended by 18 machine guns
and an armored car. i ..,
.A portion of the palace was still
held by the sailors, while the govern
ment troops held the remainders It wns
believed that Ebert, fearing the Bud-
den, growth in power of the Sparta
cides, would halt the attack against
the sailors and seek to enlist, them on
his side. '
Many of them have already openly
declared their loyalty to the chancel
lor, in view of his disposition to defer
enforcement of the orders transferring
Influenza In Northwest
SbvrLs Bis Improvement
' ' ' (would insure employment to thousands
Portland, Or., Dee. 27. The influen- 0f expert aviators trained during the
sa situation has shown a decided im- war. furthermore, it , would , onaWo
provement throughout tho Pacifio Ureat 'Britain at all times to have au
northwest during the past few days, immense airfleet at her disposal, to
aceording to reports which have boenigether with tho necessary trained av-
rcceiven w tne siaie neniin oureau
Officials are confident the backbone
of the epidemic has been broken.
ciSne up. There followed the following
bit of repartee: '
"You should have seen the moving
pictures last night, Mr. President,"
sai(l Jusserand. "They were very fine.
The story was built arour.d a noar
beer called 'Veve.' You know 'Veve
Jla France'," added the umbamador
"Oh, yea, Bevo L'Amciii'an, " re
joined the president, at which there
was general laughter.
Through the efforts of Admiral Grey
son, President Wilson's cold rapidiy
improved. He went to the movies fre
quently. Ambassador Jusserand is a believer
in preparedness. He carried a small
French volume in his coat pocket to
afford reading material if by any
chance he is forced to take to the
i (During an 'informal gathering on
deck, President Wilson told the fol
"One time during the eivil war
iPresident -Lincoln was sending a mes
senger to Jefferson Davis. Lincoln iud
very laboriously explained the details
of what he wished the messenger to
eonvey to the confederate chief. At
the conclusion, the messenger, ready
for departure, asked: 'Are there any
" Whereupon Lincoln, somewhat wear
"'None, except that I am remind
ed f tory of a little girl neighbor
back in Springfield, 111., who playel
with letter blocks in her bed at night.
One night she became very sleepy b-
iContinued oa page two)
Sea Sickness Was Cause Of
. . - ......
San Francisco, Dec. 27. Sea
sickness caused an intern&tion-
al "situation" - aboard tho 4c
steamer Tenyo Maru, bound to
America .from Japan.
Incidentally, Bear Admiral
Austin M. Knight, V. 8. N., to-
day has an apology from Count
Claus Bon de, attache to the
Swedish embassy at Tokio, un-
til ex-Ambassador Wallenberg'
wag recalled at the request of
Great Britain. , 4c
, 'Hondo walked front a patriot ,
4c io meeting aboard the Tenyo
4c Maru when allied national an-,
4c .thems were being played. Am-
4c erieans on . the ship promptly
4 'held an indignation meeting ;
4c and the captain of tho ship was :4c
4c forced to - take hand in the
' situation to restore peace, pas-
4e . seagers said today.' , 4c
4t "When the ship reached "port
4c - Hondo formally apologized to
4c Rear Admiral Knight, also a 4c
4c passenger, telling the American 4c
he was fofced to loave the meet. 4c
4c ing on account of seasickness. 4c
4 ' 4c
BRITAIN MAY iLP IN
Are Encouraging Private Con
cerns Jo Build Commer
( London, Deo. It (By mail.) The
British government may subsidize the
air industry to give it tne necessary fi
nancial stability for rapid peace time
commercial development. ; "
The air girbsidy plan is being cimsid-
ered by the air ministry among other
Under tho subsidies it is hoped, pri
vate concerns soon would te building
thousands of commercial planes and op
erating them as mail and passenger car
rying vehicles. This, it is pointed out,
,iat0r , - --
The success of tho subsidy plan s it
was worked out in connection with the
merchaitt marine and the motor lorries
is being cited as one argument in fav
or of air subsidios. When war was de
clared, Great Britain had at her dis
posal thousands of merchant craft,
(many of which quickly Were transform-
'cd into fighting amps, fcveryooay ro
mem'bers the hundreds of motor lorries
(Which were sent to France from Lon
don and other cities. The lorries are
much like the motor busses used on
fifth avenue, Now York.
U-BOAT DESC1ED BY
lm Submarine Crew Was
Restricted On Account Of
Small Compartments. 1
By Ed Hulllnger
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Aboard Under Sea Cruiser U 117 Har
wich Harbor, Dee. 10. (By Mail.)-
The U 17, which during June, July and
August cruiced up and down the Ameri
can Atlantic coast sinking sailing vc.i
sets, tugs, barges and coastwise passcn
ger steamers, lies under a thin fog to
night in Harwich Harbor reduced te
a curiosity. -
Just up the harbor floats a floct cf
89 other former German U-boats, tied
up in twos and threes. .
Stripped of hor erew and potential
ity for frightfulness, the monster sub
marine is nestling alongside a lister dii
vcr, while English tatiorg -rch ber
In her empty eontrol room the .'..
ends of her two periscopes one for nav
igation and the other for range-finding
swing useless,, with no one .
through tbem. .
bhe returned last September to Kiel
from a 3 months cruise in American wa
ters, with a record of 40,000 tons of
shipping sent down, according to her
tingle of Bods.
From her m'ne racks in the rear to
tho torpedo tube in the prow through
a greusy, queer-smelling junglo of steel
(Continued oa page two)
LOB EOBERT CECILTRiS TfilE LAST YEAR
Esgiisbsaa Gives Fesr Pro-
nssis . As Necessary
Fixation Fer It
. By Lowell Kallett -.
(United Press staff orrespeadeat)
- London, Dee. B7. "Great Britain aot
only is willing but determined that tae
peace congress shall organle a perma
nent league of nations toofore ita ad
journment. , -
Lord Bobert Cecfl, foreaos Brills
authority on . this subject, nude this
dear in an interview wita te United
Ctcil said he -had never entertained
any notion of tha.jieaee de'egates simp
ly giving the lesjfue of nations idea
their blessing and leaving the detail
to bo worked out in the -fotnre.
The contrary, h want' a opening
loft ior possiblo iailara of the league
to materialixe v - ' ' "
' Investigation in government circles
reveals that Cecil ia speaking tae Brit
ish, governmenti'a mind at well as his
own. ; - ;, -; ' , '
Most Gurd Again War
"Now wo know the horror of war"
he said." A year from now the old
alamour mar return. We must, vuard
against this poeslbility.". .
He gave, tho following provisions as
the necessary .foundations o' the lea
t irat A. permanent secretariat.
Second (A fixed !plnoe of meeting. '
.Third-HPortodieal fliedtinga. , These
meetings must . include all members,
men roally entitled 'o epeak for the
poopieg of their cour tries, sueh as pre-
miors and foreign minuttere or tneir
equivalont. Meetings must be held si
least once a year. '
Fourth at is essential that no war
shall be. possible .until it' i discussed
either at the periodical mectlsg or at
a meeting especially . called: for the
purpose. - ,
vital Tnings to .oovaia '
'.'These thinss arce viti tainge"
Cecil said.1 "Of-course,-. as I recently
outlined, the- league must have non
contentious as well as contentious fea
tures. It unust have fcroade: purpose
than merely prevention of wars. It
must -have-administrative powers at
well as tho authority to settle d:-
It is impossible yet to got tne close
ly guarded British official view of free
dom of tho seas.
Other important prineiplos of the
peace settlement aro freely siscussed,
howeveT. In rogard to conscription, a
high government official suggested to
the United Press tnat the tact Ger
many's millions of trained men aro still
available renders abolition of conscrip
tion in other European countries more
difficult than at first appeared.
Can Only Accept Germany's Word
The official designated to prepare
the government's case on disarmament
pointed out that it is necessary to de
vise a system to prevent fabrication
of submarine and airplano parts in fac
tories manufacturing peace time pro
ducts. "It all involves the necessity for
accepting Germany's word," he said.
"If a way can bo found to make her
word good, the problem -will be solv
ed. Otherwiso the difficulties of pre
venting trickery are almost insuper
able." Indemnities are also a serious issue.
It is known that President Wilson ad
heres to his determination to keep to
jthe armistice agreement. Since the re
cent elections little nas Deen neara
here in regard to compelling Germany
to pay the whole cost of tho war.
There have been 17 deaths and 342
cases of influen '.a at the army hospital
Ike Ifopps has left his wife as he got
tired o' carryin ' an electric iron down which all people will have equal oppor
towa. Well, th' war has demonstrated tunlties. He said the "red terror' fol
one thing most anybudy cau't ran lowed and did not preeed allied inter
elevator. 'vention. -
TVdCE AS fiiJCH WHEAT
Oil no m AS WAS
Tkon!i Eccnsmic Distrih-
fci America Wl Be Able
To Relieve World.
. Washington, Dee. 27. More than
twice as much wheat and greatly in
creased stocks of all other cereals were
on hand in United States grain ele
vator warehouses and mills December
1 than at the same time year ago.
Oats and rioe were the only exceptions.
Jomplote figures en the food supply
were made publie today by the depart
ment' of agriculture. i
. The survey shows commercial stocks
of wheat totalled 218,434,832 bushels
J08.I per cent of. the 1917 stocks.' The
figures, refer to stocks reported and do
uot represent the entire commercial
stocks of the country nor incluwa the
stocks on farms. '
Chicago board of trade figures show
121,561,000 bushels of wheat for the
commercial visible supply aa compared
with 21,031,000 bushels a year ago. Cor
responding Bradstreot figures for 1018
show 131,084,000 bushels, as against 29
d33,000 bushels for 1917.
ttoioa sueeuenv rosiuon.
The figures indicate the excellent po
sition America holds' regarding - food
stuffs of the world and that this coun
try, through economic and efficient dis
tribution, will be able t0 render ex
tensive relief ,o. the countries of Eu
rope., - - , j
Percentages or stocks or other eere-
als as reported on December 1, aro ss
follows: ' C . " ' ' ' !
Corn; 129 per cent of 1917 stock; oats
94.6 per eentj barley, 110.8 per cent;
rye, 154.2 per cent.
Commercial stocks or Hour ana corn
meal also show big gains. Percentages
of stocks now on hand based on those
of a year ago are:
Wheat flour, white, 179.4; whole
wheat and graham flour, 249.1; ry flour
215.8; cornmeal, 227.8; buckwheat Hour
220.4; mixed flour, 243.5S
Other foods also show substantial
gains over the 1917 stocks. Percontag-
3s are ss follows: "
Benns, 154.5; rice, 62.8; rolled, oats,;
167.7; canned salmon. 94.3; canned to
matoes, 140.3; canned corn, 143.6; su
gar, 12.1; eondensoa milK, iiv.i; evap
orated milk, 7Z.8. v I
EuroDC has been particularly n.utft or
dairy products nad the shortage in evap
orated milk is accounted for by the
inormous shipments of this to France,
Belgium, Italy and England. . : .
SER1CUS THOOGHT IS
Russia Sends Note To Wilson
Offering To Talk Peace
With UJS. And Allies.
Washington, Dec. 27. Increase of al
lied military forcos in Kussia for po
licing, but no intervention, was today
given serious thought here and abroad.
The disposition here is aguinst large
scale intervention lest that should dc
vclep into war. The whole problem,
howovor, is likely to crystallize now
that President Wilson has ?nsultcd
with British leaders.
Humors have been current here that
another American division would bo
sent, with four allied divisions, to in
crease the forces in Bussia. These sto
ries lack confirmation.
Some effort is being made to "smoke
nut" the administration's attitude with
la general declaration that American
trOOpS Will not oe wmiurHwn irum
Rus-iia until that country has been re
stored to something resembling stabili
ty. Thus far, however, the administra
tion has refused steadily to commit it
self to sny declaration further than
that the "situation is unchanged."
Unfavorable to Intervention.
Stockholm. Dec. 27. Allied interven-
'end, can only produce great slaughtor
on both sides. Boris Litvinoff declared
In a note to President Wilson, on be
half of the soviet government.
tion In Russia, pursued to its .logical
The note, which became public today,
was sent to the nresident in Ixindon si
multaneously witn a eomimniMS..
reeted to the American, British, French,
Italian and Japanese embassies' here,
offering to open conversations regard
ing peace with the bolshevikl. :
Litvinoff is understood to have sug
gested that the discussions ineludo
boundaries, payments of debts, mining
and economic concessions and the pur
chase of seeds and agricultural imple
ments. In his note to Wilson, Litvinoff de
clared that the bolshevikl are attempt-
ing to build up a social system In
Conference Of Wilson .Bator And Lbyd-Gcorge At Back
Egham Palace Is Known To Have Been SaccessfuLBrit
ish Cabinet Is Favrable To Views Expressed Ia Lord
CcciTs Interview Wi& Lowell MeOetL
By Bobert X Bender.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.) -London,
Dee. 27.- -Great" strides to
ward amieablo settlement of highly im
portant peace preliminaries were made
today when President Wilson, Premier
Lloyd-Georgo and Foreign r'ecretary
Balfour conferred at Buckingham pal-
This was the distinct understanding
at the conclusion of the conversation.
President Wilson met the British lesu
ers in his apartment. The session last
ed an hour and a half. .1 :
The president ia known to have '.'sot
down to cases" with the premier. Be
fore. Wilsoa returns to Paris, each will
know thd other's views on such' vital
questions as freedom of the seas, in
demnities, the .Russian situation, disar
mament, conscription and the league of
The league of nations purposely is
named last, since the steady swerving
of British governmental opinion during
the past ten days in favor of a definite
league organization apparently has left
little to bo desired from Wilson's stand
point. ' "
The United Press is able to announce
that Lord Cecil's interview with Lowell
Mellett regarding tho league of nations
embodies tho views of the British cab
inet. , It is equally certain that tho
plans, ss outlined to Mellett, wore pre
sented to Wilson today for considera
As the president and tho Britich min
isters came down the steps of the palace
shortly after noon they were in' high
good humor. They dopartod at once for
Downing street, where thoy lunched
with other British statesmen and Amer-
can Ambassador Davis. . 1 -
President Wilson approached tho con
ference with the greatest confidence
that a thordugh understanding on the
basic principles of the peaco settlement
would be reached. Tne lcngtn or. hi
stay in England will bo determined ex
actly by tho progross mado in this di
rection. Ho is expected to make tho frankest
exposition of his views in his "conver
sations" with the British public, par
ticularly in his speech at Manchester,
the great industrial centor ot tno coun
try. That tho world need expect no
departure from the formula he has
drawn up was indicated in his speech
to the American soldiers Wednesday,
in which ho said:
"If wo did not Insist upon the high
WILL SA VE RUSSIANS
Suggests In Interview With United Press That United States
And Japan Be Authorized To Furnish Armies That Will
Settle Difficulties Of SIavs.-200,000 Men Sufficient :
By Henry Wood
(United Press Stuff Correspondent.)
r-aris, Dee. 27. The only solution of
In- RtiaHiKti nrohlem is immediate al
lied intervention, Prince Lvoff, first
Russian premier after the revolution,
declared in an itnerview with the Unit
ed J ret. today. He suggests that the
Unit(Q Slates and Jupan furnisn kmc
"! fully ntinrpfMntfl the diflineliiiation
- - j -ri -
of the allied people after four years of
war, to intervene in far away Russia
but the lilies must understand that un
W. tkc hfilfim viki are conauered the
prnnngasiltt they are spreading thruun
out the v.orld will inovtaniy sgal:i
in?n;ne world r ce. Only we who have
jnst ciuie mm J.ussia realize tne ex
tent of the ilunger, which the allies ai d
neiiln.ls do not appreciato.
"1'he quicker tlx allies intervenfc.
the sn.sllur will bf the necessary ex.
pcdit'.OMsry ioicc. Two hundred thou
(and mmi would bp sufficient now to
put down the I ( sheviks, wm.o v
si.ris- ii hsii? larger forco would b
S.tcgcstg U. i. Aanny
'f l;onld the erHes fiel that genoial
intervention is impossible on aeeount of
sacrifices they have already made, they
might authorize America and Japan,
whose military strength has not been
exhausted like the othors, to undertake
the work. Japanese forces already la
purpose - which we have accomplished,
the end would not be jnstified."
To Visit Battle Zone.
The president, it became known to
day, expects to carry out his deferred"
plan for visiting the battle sone as
soon as possible so he may see where
the Americans fought. He may go to
Italy following his return to Paris. .
Final decision in this regard depends
upon his conferences in London. Ho
expresses the eonvietion that the people,
of France are ia complete sympathy
with his peace ideas and hs is anxious
to come in eontaet with .the Italians to
determine first hand how they stand.
During the Conferences a' large crowd
stood outside 'in the rain. ' Among thent
was Viscount Grey. ; .
President Wilson unveiled a. portrait
of George Washington in the i Dow
ing Street offices after the luncheon.
: Mrs. Wilson was the guest of Lady
Beading at a luncheon. . ' . A s .
Famous American Athlete
Killed In Fall Frcm Rase
Paris, Dee. 27. A two thousand foot
fall killed Captain Hobey Baker, fa
mous American flyer, it was learned to
day. He fell at the Tours aorodromo
where he was waiting to proceed. horns
Hobey Baker was one of the most re
nowned athletes, ver developed in th
United States, .
As hockey )-' iyr, experts eonccua
ke was the grcatcs t this country ev
has seen and his prowess on the football
field was only slightly less spectacular.
He also was ' a wonderful basketball
player and a good track man. .
Baker joined the United States air
forces shortly after the declaration ot
Portland Woman Dies
- After Beia2 Run Over
Portland, Or., Dec. 27. Mrs. Mima
Smith, njed 39, died last night shortly
after being knocked down and run over
by an autoiuobilo iu the business dis
The autoist did not stop, sny cyo-wit-ncsses,
and was not idtntified becnuso
ho had n0 ,'-T,lii tv.'r hi? lic:nso num
John L. Frey. formerly chief of polico
at Newport, (lie l at The Dnllcs Mon
di,y. Russia number 60,000. The American I
have twelve thousand, while tho Frenclt
a-id British forces aro smaller. The im
mediate increase of these forcos to 20J
000 would permit the establishment of
a lepresentativo government and Rus
sia's pitrtieipation in th'. peace confer
ence boioro it closes.
"With local governments already es
tablished and growing at Archangel and
Omsk and with sopatatc states in
I'krainin, Poland and Finland, the bol
sheviks hold only the interior. But is
i imperative to ejoet thorn from Petro
fjrhd u.id Moscow. This could bo w
ceinplished ensily by landing a largo
iillici? force at Reval, only 260 kilomet
ers (161 Va miles) from ePtrograd.
"Once the bolsheviks aro put down,
the eventual government unquestiona
bly would bo republican. The bolshe
viks no doubt would attempt a monar
chal reaction, but we eould the n de
feat them. v
"The peace conference will be unab'a
lo re-establish and insure world
without settling the . Russian pronleni,
while every day's delay in intervenes,
renders employment of a greater fori-
eventually more apparent." X
I'rince Lvoff heads a deJegatioa of
15 llus.'tan officials who aro conferring
wit'.i uliicd representatives in an ef
fort to obtain aid in overcoming ths