Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 26, 1918)
(25,000 READERS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE YAIr -
LEY NEWS 8EBV1CB
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 305.
iTil ' 5Fn n "firftl ' II iiHT-' --' vj-J
! O .Mfflf ID U:sU (Hi: J fflmiJtT lit3i
:-. , JCT7!'1!! i Jirjg. . r? '
SALEM OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TSAIKS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
j.p& - PPIl RFIP llff r WIFf 1 P M lltfTffilll 1 1
" - - ' p .-. - 1
wtu;uii s mop mm i uuai
American And Allied Hags
Decorate London In Wil
Persons Who Know Declare It
1 Was, As He Said, Because
, . ... ... m r ' 1 I
Washington, Dec. . 20. Persons in
tviuch -with relations betwoen Presidont
(Wilson and Chairman .Oeorgo Creel of
(the committee on public information,
today aa.id.thcy doubted Creel had quit
j.liat post, for any reason other than
Kbe one assigned in published reports,
taitmcly that - hia work was finished,
" Creel went to. Paris to asist in pub
licity work there with the president,
ltit it is 'believed here that the- system
l.a hfAn , an nrrnnarpH that Crenl' snr-
trices can be- spared. He is anxious to
(ot back te -private life as soon as hit
mblieity work for the government
.1 . ii i . i. I Tt r!l
rnouiu oe jiuisueu. rresiuum ivubuu io
(understood to. be giving his personal
IKUfution to publicity at present.
Creel ha long been a target for eon
jjrrssional and other criticism, but the
lfi..l.. 1. i in 11 YW! llO ni-Alai-
Sent was so intimate that the chief ex1
riuitive never heeded tho -complains
rninst Creel. On the other hat.4, Bee
rotary Baker; Secretary Daniels and
irrfhers acquainted 'with Creel 'g plans
end purposes, steadfastly-praised uini,
bspite opposition. '. , . ,
By Lowell MeUett
(United Press staff correspondent)
London, Dec. 26. Amid booming of
guns and cheers of enormous crowds,
President Wilson was Welcomed to
London this afternoon. King George
and Queen Mary met him at the train.
As he loft his car a band played tho
Star Spangled Banner.
The king quickly stepped forward
when Wilson appeared and they shook
hands with great cordiality. Both smil
ed, and exchanged, apparent pleasant
ries. ; '
Then Mrs. Wilson advanced, bearing
a huge bouquet. Tho queen and Prin- .
cess mary came up sumiug, ml mao.
'I heartily welcome you to Eng-j.
lund,'.' said the lung to the president. his delegati
"I greatly appreciate it, I assure U cusg the int
High Japanese Officials
Arrive At San Francisco
Universal Military Training Is
. In Lme To Take Its
you.'' replied Wilson.
While tho 'bands switched to" the
Stars and Stripes Forever, the presi
dent and the king reviewed the iungs
Guard in the train shed. The troops
stood stiffly at attention. The king and
President Wilson engaged in a lively
talk 9 they walked but the music
drowned out their voices.
The king next introduced Premier
Lloyd-George, who wis waiting hesi
tantly for the signnl to come lorwara.
Hs advanced and : shook, hands most
invilifllv-ntiri linfferinfflV. - '
There was an impressive gathering of
notables . t the station, including Field
Marshal Jlaig, Admiral Beatty, than-
cellor Bonar Law, Foreign Minister
Balfour, Premier Hughes of Australia)
Premier Borden of Canada, the Mana
rajah of Biganir, Lord Cecil, Lord vw
ao'n, Sir Eric Gcddes and many others.
Thoy waited on the platform for some
time before the train pulled in at 2:20
p. m. Then the crowd of distinguished
personages surged forward eager as
Between ranks of United States
troops, a guard of honor, the presidont
Son BVancisco, Dee. 26. Ba
on Nobtiaki Makino, head of
the Japanese peace commis
sion en route to Versailles, and
a number of high Japanese of
ficials arrived in San Francis
co this morning aboard to
steamer Tenyo Maru.
The commission includes Mar
quis Saionji, former premier;
Viscount Chinda, am-bassador to
England; Baron Matsui, ambas
sador o France; ' President
Junnosuke Inouye of the Yoko
hama specie 'bank, and Kir
kusaburo Fukul, who ropre
re,presento the business inter
ests of the empire.
Baron Makmo said today that
ion could not dis
cuss the international situation
until thoy had, arrived in Paris
and had conferred witn repre
sentatives of the allied nations.
I HIVin ATI1T1Y
i iinHi-aas ru
i iiium hum.
I I Kill bv II In a
Reviw Marks Taking Of Sec-
end Pkce la Naval Powers
-- " i.
BIG SNOWSTORM BLOTTO
Tei Battle Craft Ccsprised
Rett That Had to la
. Ferciga Waters.
W3 Exonerate District
Attorney Fkkert Report
Sas Fraaeieoor. Dec. 26. Dis
trict Attorney Fiekert will be
exonerated pf charges in J. B.
Dcnsmore'a diotaphone , expose
when the grand jury meets on
Monday night, according to per'.
sistent reports at tho nan or
Because of Secretary Wil
son's xefusal to allow Densmore.
or .any of Densmore ' aides to
testify, the grand jury has been
unable to substantiate any of
the charges In the report.
- Some members of the grand
jury are said to favor formal
condemnation of the govern
ments practice of wire tapping.
Christmas For a Change
Continued on page three)
.. Washington, Due. 2(i. That-the gen
Joiul staff rpcoimnendations for the
lenuntry's future military preparedness
twill not include national guard is the
lU.'lief in some war department groups
Practical killing of the national
iRiiard through .the -decision of Acting
Budge Advocate General Ansell will
necessitate substitution of another
Inethod of reorganiration of the guard
't pructicAlly all states.
It is too early to know what the
jpnintry's attitude will be toward tho
tf'.ard. However, it is folt hero that
fi.'ditical ronside:ations and commmii
Ky pride will result in an e'fort to ro
ivive the giianl in many planes.
However, general staff men by rea-
hi of their trciuing arc naturally fav-
MEETING ,0F KAHE AK
CARPENTIERP L AN H ED
This Bout Would Re-Estah!ish
Sports Relations With
Declare That After War Ex
periences Business Of Fly
ing Is Much Too Tame.
By Webb Miller
(United Press staff corresj ondent)
With the American Army of Occu
pation, lice. 26. The distriDution
among officers of questionnaires ask
ing whether they desire to remain in
the army or return to civil life, has
set thousands of them to wondering
wliut they will do when there is no
longer use for them in the army.-
A canvass among the men who have
led doughboys, artillerymen, flyers and
all oth'jr branches of the service, dis
closed that the groat majority have
filled in their blanks with a desire to
return at onco .to civilian life. At -least
50 per cent of these, it wa declared,
wi'l return to their homes, ready to
tackle some new pursuit. They regard
the war the turning point in their lives
offering the men an opportunity to
Many are uncertain as to what 0C'
cupations they will select when thoy
By H O. Hamilton
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
New tTork, Dec. ze.-lwo orters are j to the gtateg yCUIlger olti.
nniv Uinta unn.i rlftTA tlfin hV KfldlB KfinC ,. i- i . 1
phi of their trciuinir arc naturaUy lav-. . ' cers, as won s euusiea men who o
enable to . reira!ar armv oreflniiation. m8aKer 0I..M1KG y"tPB. " m n'" not had the advantage of college edu-
or to a svstem whiuh centralizes ia ,f caa middlcweigftts, ror a meeting cationg or wh haye not compieted
it 'in' war department ra'.her than in the between the famous American and Eu- eaneH wiI1 g0 ,to gchool. Many others
hintes. - ruI'e B ml,n rc"u""t:u "0..SVo are determlne(i t0 a0 west or soutn
This spirit is believed likely to cause terpen tier. ! from eastern points.
i... .... .i r.t There is little doubt that such i; Tl. hB ..Anm nf
vaiversal military training, minus the can b.e ma.de- rhe only question grcftt 8nifting in occupation, especially
f uard, provided it had a" opportunity """"g ln h , b.oxeT l among the younger men. Aprroximately
lrer to present its views to congress. the amount of cash that will be offer- one f)1rth of the men qHfi,tioned de-
There is doub here that the country u iuf
a o.tm turned rem Eneland and France, did
1 Iir.lllllML 111 MUI Dili flll 1 OJJJMf" . u . .
hud much will depend upon the out-
By H. D. Jacobs
(United Press Staff-tiCbrrespeBdeiit.)
I. Kew York, Dee26.-cAmeriea bat
tie f loot, retdrnmg victorious from the
war, was welcomed home . today by
cheering thousands who watched the
impressive spectacle from boats and
skyscrapers and every point ol vintage
A whirling snowstorm at times blot
ted out the majestic fighting ships as
thoy moved slowly up the bay, past the
tatne of liberty, where Secretary Dan'
iels reviewod them from the deck of th
Mayflower; Preceding the fleet come
a swarm of small craft and submarine
chasers, cloaring the way. The islandi
in the harbor, the docks and tops of tall
buildings were thronged with spectat
ors, espite a cutting wind.
It was the greatest naval ioviow in
American history and it marked the Qn
when the Unitod States u-rmairy as
sumcd itg place as tho second naval pow
er of the nowrld. The biggest sea tight
ing forco tho United States ever boast
ed today had its first being as a sin
gle unit, a veritable American armado
as Secretary Daniels roviewed the com
blncd American battle fleets.
The review was the official weleoms
to the Atlantic fleet whieh for nearly
two years has kept the United States
flag flying in European waters. The
teu, long, grar crtft steamed up tht
bay this morning to the music of eheor'
and sirens and in the Hudson river
joined the homo squadron, which has
remained on this sit .
The homecoming t -t comprised Ad
not state what sums have been offered,
.... 11 .
t omc of efforts in the Paris peace con- bt aeciarea ne was giving eacn one
rrence at obtaining a world lca?ue of reful consideration and intimated
k.ations end a decrease of armament that one will be accepted.
l. .1 i Kane, still an American seaman, had
clared an intention to make a change.
Every man of the famous 94th aero
snuadron. comprising all American
aces, filled out blanks asking discbarg
es. Captain Eddie Bickenl acker, ace
of aces, said he is uncertain what bus-
ness he will have a try at when he gets
Mare Island Marines
Game Yesterday, bout
Hasn't Boxed Since '14.
Oarpentier, in the air service of hit
Vallejoi Col.. Dec. 26.-The Mare Is- country during the war, has met no one
lnd marines f cotball team today hold Binc6 hostilities opened in 1914, with
not communicated with Gibbons, re-ack. "Automobile racing will be pret
garding the offer and cannot tell in.tv ow c0T me hereafter," he Baid.
what condition Mike is, and whether Jut may atart . aviation school or in
he is willing to go to Europe for the , tereat myself in the manufacture of
Ihe Pacific eoast service title and
the right to represent the west in the
nmiual Tavsadena classic against the
Creat Lakea sailors, following the de-
the exception of short encounters, be
hind the lines with men of doubtful
ability. He has, however, kept himself
in excellent condition, if reports are
. font here yesterduy of the Balboa Park ! t0 ,e believed, and will be ready to
Only good fortune and hard playing,
pived the day for the marinrs yester
rtuy. With nine minutes to play in the
lust quarter and with the Balboan sail
ors leading T to 6, Lone Star Diet, ma
rine coach, threw Biff Bangs and Bill
h-'eers, two of the best men in the dev
jldog aggregation, into the game. By
iesnerate line bueking. and forward
give Mike the fight of his life.
Jimniie Meisner. Brooklyn, second
amonz American aces, and who inter
runted hi college career to enter t"5
army, probably will resume his studies
in the junior year.
Captain Douglas Campbell declared
thinas aro uncertain with him as "cv
ervthinz looks tame now."
Not a one of the score of aviators
interviewed intends to pursue avia-
(Coadnsed on page twe)
Carpentier outweirfis Gibbons suffi- tion after the war as a business.
ciently to give him some advantage, With regard to the aerial mail ser
but' despite ' reports of Carpentiers vice, Meisner said:
speed, it is certain he will be at some "I have tiot heard of a single flyer
disadvantage when pitted against the intending to enter the mail service,
flashy methods of Gibbons. . - There are only two kinds of flying
The bout would erte great interest, j worth while now either war or pleae
for it would establish sports relations 'ore. Aerial mail service lying will be
... . , .: ! . i . i i -i ..ft : . T ' i I
again witn fcurope, anu, in vriuum j merely nign cuin. Kuniwioumig.
atwing they managed to make the win- j Gibbons and Carpentier together, the be a monotonous life to fly back and
sung touchdown just as the game ended ; promoters would be displaying thejforth between two points. There is lit-
Told.Bbn TIuT They Woisld
Get Rmd Of Peace They
By Webb Miller
Amorican Hearquartcrs in Fronce,
Dec. 25. (By Courier to Nancy.) A
vast sea of tin hats, wave on wave,
swept before President Wilson today
as he reviewed 8000 American troops
Ho told the soldiers they would get
tho kind of poace they fought for; that
everybody at home was proud of them,
just waiting the chance to acclaim them
as conquering hcrocg on their return.
The president addressed the troops
as "my follow countrymen." ilo do
clared that America had charted the
plan for peace and that all the nations
concerned hud accepted that chart muk
ing the process of settlement compara
Is People's Peace.
"And," he said, "everybody con
corned in the settlement knows that it
must be a people's peace and that noth
ing must be done in the settlement of
the issues of the war which is u.n tt
handsome as thegrea t achievements of
the armies of the United States and the
After wishing the troops a happy
New Year, saying it was hard to bid
them Merry Christmas so far from home
the president dined with tho officers of
the 26th division. All present wore dec
orations. Then there was a long motor
trip in the rain, with occasional flur
ries of snow and flckcrs of sunshine
Wilson visited the soldiers' billets.
Ho was cheered all along the route by
the inhabitants. The party halted 0nce
when an old French woman appeared;
carrvinz flowers for Mrs. Wilson.
Many American Men Spend
Christsas Ia Y.M.C A Hats
Gwds Were Threagiag
Streets Of Berlin, But Peo
By Frank J. Taylor
Btrlia, Dee. 85. This 'was ."ersatt
Christmas" in Germany.
Everything in Oermany is ereata bow
Ersate, the German word for substi
tute, 'hag come to be tho most used
word ia the Teuton language and it
was applied to Christ's birthday by a
wan, tarn girl the correspondent saw
in Unter Den Linden.
Slie was standing in front ef a shep
with Her small brother. Their noses
were pressed flat against the window;
behind which gleamed a gaudy Christ
mas tree hung with frosted oakeg and
"Sister, do you think we will get
candies and eakes this Christ mast"
the boy asked. ,
; "Of course not," was the reply.
"This is ersata Christmas."
". Berlin wag Hungry '
Berlin was hungary today, here were
no candies and no presents, with the
exception of trinkets. There were no
big dinners, but yet there was no starv
ing. The people are thankful peace has
finally onie. . - ,
Merchants everywhere have Versata'
articles on sale. Cfttorors and candy
makers displayed high priced gaily
colored sweet meats which wore not
sweet at all and which had a most on
satisfying: effect on the purchasers.
The streets have been a mass of
people. The crowds are half gay, bnt
not lively. Men, women and children
their faoos neaked. their eyes hollo
and with, no sparkle, walked through
the street. The soldiers prescated a
sharp eoirtrast to the civilians. They
have been living wen ana arc rat ana
Crowds in theaters, opera houses ana
cafes, endeavored to put seme spirit
into Christmas, but tho joy was noi
spontaneous. I noticed hundreds of
well dress'od porsons staring at edible
displayed in the window.
ill STATES WILLI
PACKAGE CAUSES lUtE
Eureka. Cnl., Doc. 26. An Inflamma
ble package in the Christmas mail today
was believed to have Been tne cause oi
fire which last night destroyed tin
postoffice and general store at Dyre
ville. The loss was more- than
Edward Hurley Declares Mer
chant Marme Flag filast
raria. Dee., 26. The American mer-
chant marine flag nutt fly in every "
port in the world, Edward M; Htiiley, '
chairman of the shipping board, declar- r
ed in an interview "with the Unitod
Press today. He announced that the .
United States will soon be able to build
snips ae cheaply aa tngiano. . ,
in this connection it-, was learned
from ether sources, that , thf help of
America ' vast new' eystem of ship- .
yards in eoestrueting merchantmen for
England, Franco and the dther allied
nations, .is expeeted- to depend- absor -lutely
upon the solution, of the prob-
lem of freedom of the seas. If it is not
solved and the lid on cooperation is
takes oftf, America is belieytd ready to
throw all its resources into building
tho world's greatest fleet, thus becom
ing predominant in world trade.', '
"It is intended that the Aneriean
flag ball fly into erory port of tha
world,", said Hnrley. "There is no in-r
ten tion, however, to utilize American
ships only for American cargoes, Wa
want our vessels to carry the eargoos
of otner nations and we also want tho
ship of other nation to entry nor ear
goes. ; Fine Living Quarters v ,
" "Every American ship will haveiiiie
livinir Quarters. Seamen of the mer-
ehant marine' will be unifojmod. The
hole service is to be so attractive
that ell seamen will bo enthusiastic- to
get into it and become salesmen of Am
erican products throughout the world"
TT ' .nitiij .Irniik A m i T-
iea's ability to compete with any na
tion in world trado competition after
the war. He snid there would be plen
ty of trade for all and that wages
. U VA .,n,:li- in all thn tintmns.
WIIU1U ITT- '"'ui
'While England can produce ships a
(Continued on page tnrerl'
PROCESS OF DEMGBOLIZATI0N
IS MAKING RAPID ADVANCES
Re-Adjustment Of Labor Goes
Steadily And smoothly
Ahead, Says Clews.
Now York, Dec. 21, 191S.
Demobilization is progressing even
more rapidly than exported not only
in military affairs; hut also in indus
trial and commercial circles. Restric
tions upon stool, toxtilo and other in
dustries have 'been almosct entirely
abolished. Price fixing has also prac
tically disappeared, and the merchan
dise markots aro rapidly adjusting
themselves to open market conditions
without serious derangement. As antic:
ipated, there is mo doifrea of uneasi
ness concerning such changes, accom
panied by occasional efforts to pro
vent demoralization by concerted act-
lion, as wen as rew otiubhi
London. Dec 26. More than 5,000
doughboys and Jackie spent Christmas-omM and cancellations. Taking such
Day in Iondon at the Y. M. U A.ldjffUuitie,! jn tho aggreimte, however,
It wee a picturesque Christmas. The
hut's air, thick with tobacco smoke,
was filled with laughter and the voices
of singing soldiers and sailors. Four
Christmas trees were laden with yule
tide decorations. Singing groups of
men surrounded pianos, while thero
was dance in the auditorium.
At Bed Cross headquarters there was
a tree from which 600 doughboys tiok
presents. At Eaton Hall there was a
big naval dance.
Dinners were served Tuesday and
Wednesday night at the American
hospitals. Many Americans attended
service at Wes'minister AMXpy Wed
I IN HORSE AND MULE BUSINESS.
Vm- YnrV Do. 2fi. The British
Steamship Soxonia with 1347 wounded heavyweight, bat the St. Paul scrap-j
American soldiers aboard, arrived here per would prefer a, bout with Careen.)
t !. if inniluinf H Vi A ni H M Ol
nromotera would De aispiavine me rorta wdween iw wni iw- nr mre r " u 'ri'"- -i v - -
highest type of boxer from each eoun-jtle peril to pleasure flying after becom-1 her name in a pair o Bed Cress soeks
trr Sine accustomed, to war flying. It is last winter, got a letter from Lkram-
L'Tf-.l. ham. mn1M T f 1 run B II 1 f II 111 1 1 ,1 1 1- T 1 1 1 1 1 IT UTTUUBO IBU IUUU 1. . U.T, mu . v
match .Gibbons with Jack 5empeyf iyou can t see muea.
Washington, Dee. 26. Uncle Sam is
in the horse and mule business again
this time as a seller. NearlT 415,000
"surplus" horses and mule will bo
tjday from Liverpool.
translated by a civil engineer. Who auctioned in eamps ana eanionmen on
remember when a woman never ap- tho fourth Tuesday in January. This
demobilization is ex-
Blood scram of recovered influenxa p'ared- scantily -on lw her houe!borse power" de
ent it recommended for treat..- fe 'pected lo help the
they are much smaller than expected ;'
the total percentage of cancellations
being placed in sorao important indus
tries at not more than five per cent.
In the steel industry the volume of
cancellations has been much diminish
ed through the shifting of war order
to industrial steel, and a similar pol
icy ha been followed to some degree
in the textile industries.
The readjustment in Ubor also seems
to have been readily handled thus far.
Manv thousands of hands who had
been discharged from munition plants
auicklv found employment in other in
dustries; and a law per eentage of
discharged soldiers has thus far had
similar good fortune. How this will be
as the influx increases remains to be
seen: but with the activity now pre
vailing in industry and the revival of
deferred enterprises tnere snouia o
no serious diffieulty in finding; em
nUvment for those mustered out. Ia
view of the stupendous changes devel
onel since the signing of the armietie
on November 11, and considering that
thi eountry was much les prepared
tot peaee than some other countries,
the transition is really being effected
with marvelous promptness and ease.
One of the greatest difficulties "in
returning to normal is the' monetary
situation Government requirements are
so hugo and insistent that ordinary do
mands for commerce and industry taka
eeond place. 'Taies .are a menaiiig
burden; and, combined with bond issues
manage to absorb the bulk of the coun
try' savings, estimated at somewhere
between seven and ten billions. Tha
excess profits tax .is .-particularly in
jurious; because it strike directly at
the main source of neiw capital and is
signwicent prooi or pouwrtii -n
social prejudices against capital, ino
latest railroad plans projected would
involve an exnenditnre of about $500,-
000,000 a year for five years. The ship
ping program calls for tne unaimj ol
about 13,000,000 additional tons, at a
cost of several billion dollars; not to
mention liberal subsidies lo meet op-
orating losses which would have to b
raised by taxation. All of these propos
als, which are more or less socialistic,
in their dritt, threaten 10 -.riouiJ'
raise the burden of taxation and lower
the standard of service.
Mor interest in foreign iraue i
nmniivH now mat tne war IS 'r
A I- . - wa.,mA if. tlfltliral1
commerce irnnn i n-"..... .
seway. At first the European demand
for food stuffs will De tne w prom
inent feature. Next there will be an
extensive eall for materials necessary
to reconstruction. Our imports are sun
very light, and transportation is fat.
from normal. Many foreigH commodi
ties are eearee. The production or iux
urie has been lessened by war, and
belligerent countries have practically
no surplus merchandise to spare. Tha
result is, our exports are rising at near
ly double the rat of imports; a condi
tion that must delay the riturn to a
normal trade balanee, and whieh prom
ises to run heavily in our favor for
months to come. Considering Bnrope
inability to pay for export, bj sen"
ing merchandise to thi side, we
(Continued pa t8 twt)