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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 21, 1918)
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i0RTY.FIRST YEAR NO. 223.
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
.ui'M ill ill 1 1 i n'
H A II II II II II M f
M H II - JflM kl f! f V II M IS II Ii Fi II
I MIDST OF JERRI!
ON THREE-MILE FRO
I AT EPEfll
19 CRAVES FOUND IN GERMAN
mm chid populous
Of Holnon And Lempire Cleared Of The Enemy.
489 Prisoners Taken In Morning Drive By British. Allies
Cain Ten Miles On Macedonian Front. Serbs Forced To
icin Bulgarian Army Desert Te Fight Alongside Their
People. Lettish Troops Refuse To Fight Allies.
By Lowell Mdlett '. '
(United Press Staff Corresponding
! With The British Armies In "France, Sept. 21 The
British, in the midst of a terrific storm, deilvered a
Ming accacK on a tnree-mile front east of Lemnire
ad Epehy this morning where the Germans still hold
he outposts defenses before the Hindenburg line.
Spurs leading from the outpost ridge and trench
lazes about Le Petit Priel farm and Le Catelet copse
ude the going hard, but between COO and 400 prisoners
a already reported to have been taken.
The Australians have advanppd nnH-Vi Sf Uninnc
Ware now within half a mile of theJSt. Quentin caaal.
pis is the nearest point to the main defenses to the Hin
purg hne which has been reached anywhere between
puuiwuii anu ol. viuentin.
j me villages of Holnon and Lempire have been entire
J cleared or the enemv. In the LvRMtnr 4 4:iQ r,0a
&JeS f ,u"d in one cemetery. The earliest date was
i ' "Varc was August 26, revealing the wear
attar on the German army in the last four months on
Jd.???ar?tlvely quiet portion of the line,
ine British m their ftdvanna in tfca nnru
tanvnnnniAn ... , "iC
v ruitwueienes Deyona the Hindenburg line.
Declares It Is Of Capital And
Immediate Importance As
Washington, Kept. 21. President
Wilson today demanded passage of the
emorgenry power (ill before congress
takes the series of three day election
In a U tter to Chairman Sims of the
house interstate commerce committee.
the president "declared that the bin
power bill "is of capital and immed
iate importance as a war measure."
The recesses were to begin the last
of next week and continue unt 1 elec
tion or after. This program did not
include considerotion of the emergency
The bill provides for construction by
the government or extension of financ
cinl aid to long distance power trans
mission projects, Tho -plans provide
for the construction of opwer plants at
coul mini's and tho transmission1 of the
power pluiits- to coal mine and the
transmission of the power to the man
ufacturing cities of the seaboard.
TO HAVING ONE MORE
NATION AGAINST HER
Tells Spain She, Will Never
Consent To l Seizure Of
Her Ships By Spain
London, Sept, 21. Germany' has
flatly reefed ;HJain' imqiosal for j
confiscation of interned German ships !
to replace torpedoed Spanish vessels,!
according to the ran tM-hastian corres
pondent ot the Times. The correspon
dent repotted that the German embas
sador in the courseof tho conversa
tion, said: "" ,
''We will never consent to allow
our ships to bo taken. After all, if the
worst happens ana another countrv is
against us ,it make little difference'
The Corricre D 'Italia of Rome pub
lishes an interview with Don Gabriel
Palmer, King Alfonso 'a chaplain, in
which he ir quoted as saying:
" the Spanish, cabinet has fully de
termined on a course of action, in
which thev will insist on her riehts-
pain desires to remain neutral, but
afraid of no countrv."
MID TIDE OF WAR
BROKE GERMAN SPIRIT
SAYS SENATOR LEWIS
Says Also Influence Of Am
erica Equivalent To New
S FAR FRO
Hie Idea At Home That "The
War Is Over" Is Simply
Help To Germans.
airplane was brought down.
"In Albania, west of Te'ri, in tho
Jnnica valley, thorp- were patrol en-'
counters in which we took prisoners."
j Fred 8. Ferguson
" "Sinst tue rilit
W'illg (;f til?
IS. Ituth were
Germans Admit Gains -Berlin,
via London, Sept. 81. "Be
tween Vauxaillon and Jnuey (on the
western f lanki ejf the Chemin-des-Dames)
there were enemy attacks in
tho evening, precoded by vigorous fire'
the war office announced today. "The
enemy gained a footing on the high
ridge west of .lauey. Klsewhere the at
tacks were repulsed "
huge mm TO
inif dead and prisoners in our hands,"
the statement said.
"In the Tonale and Sella regions and
nn the Piave islets, reconnoitering par
ties brought back material. A hostile
Made Blight Gains.
London, Sept, 21. Fighting was re
newed this morning east of Epehy be
tween Oambrai and St. Quentin, Field!
Marsna iiaig reponea.
Fresh German attacks north of-Moeu-vies
(seven miles directly west of Cam
brai) wow repulsed yesterday after
noon. In the neighborhood of Gauche
wood, further to the south, German in-
(Continu"d on page seven)
'"I of Jboi,
ra il. on,. ....
C, ,uJ , th' ""' lines
""ltl linen ("ehinfl the
. ...uu rrnnr
BECAUSE NOT FIGHTING
Work In St Mihiel Salient
Whetted Their Appetites
J For Work
By Fred J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.
With th? Amerisans on tho Metis, Sept
lf, ; tlle
tahan war nffi
- - - v a,iy-
'"to so.. Lr 7 " enemy ob-
".is uriven i,i.
I :""""', Sent oi . '
'Pi'rs ,rr .." -ernian.
toni Of Government
I stumbled into thi8 library," said one.
An officer who was patrolling along
the Hindenburg line with fifteen men
discovered an electrified wire which
I prevented further progress. He rot urn
' ed the next night, bringing a portable
j stile with which to go over tlw wire. It
was ii rainy night and the Americans
discovered that the Current had been
20th, The douehbov. arB strainine at ,hut off. They promptly cut the win'.
tho leashes. Several Americans, advancing up n
The units which wiped out the St 'communication trench, were challenged
Miheil salient aro impatient to push J by a sentry. A doughboy who- spoke
on. Their accomplishment to date have t German talked with th(. sentry, gradu
ally wlietted thvir appetites and the 'ally edging closer. Then he jumped
newest recruits and oldest veterans a- j the boche. They continued nnd met
like figure that chnsiuir bodies is tho another sentry. Il0 dived into a dug-
gruutest sport in the world. out. The Americans battered down tho espionage
"Thev aro full of ncn now. more than door, capturing the sentry and three uracnev,
evj-r," said an officer. "They beg us othvr Germans. The patrol returned
constantly to let them push on into with its prisoners and important pa-
Bolsheviki Leaders Are Made
Tools For Furtherance Of
Washington, Sept. 81. The betrayal
of Houmania and elaborate advance
plans of Germany and her Russian Bol
shevik tools for suppressing and mur
dering loyal Roumanians, Russians and
"Poles, arc exposed in detail by today 's
chapters of the astounding secret Rus
sinn f documents" which the America
government is giving to the public. ,
' Other installments of the serles have
described how the Bolshevik- loader
Leiiino and Trotsky and their associates
wore bought by the Germans for mil
lions in gold and engineered their
bloody overthrow of Russia for thtt
benefit of their bloody masters.
Now the story is tolj of how, while
the Brcst-Litovsk peace conference
fare,, still was in progress, tho Bolshe
vik were ending hired agents into Hou
mania to disorganize the armies of
Russia's ally, dethrone the Roumanian
king; a,nd turn loose the German armies
occupied there for- sorvice in a great
offensive on the western front.
The second phase of the latest dis
closui'j shows the olsheviki,-at Ger
man direction, undertaking not only
to kill refractory Russian generals, but
to shoot individually anj wholesale Po
lish soldiers who were lvfusing to be
sold to tho Germans and batiiotically
keeping the field against their enemies.
Explanatory notes by Edgar Sisson,
who obtained the documents and many
details lacking in the papers themsel
ves, include a story of how the Rou
manian minister barely escaped assas
sination after being arrested by the
Trotsky and Roumanian Case Up.
The machinations of Trotsky, inspir
ed by the German General Hoffman, for
the disruption of Roumania, are disclos
ed in the following:
To the commission on Combating tire
An Atlantic Port, Sept. 21. American
fighters turned the tide of war, broke
Germany's spirit and filled the kaiser's
people with "wonder and terror," Sen
ator James Hamilton Lewis of Illinois
declared upon his arrival here from
America's fresh troops, he asserted,
hav0 humiliated Jhe German army. The
submarine is a complete failure in ev
erything it attempted, ho Baid.
Lewis brought words of the highest
praise for the United States army and
navy from LloydGeorge, Clenrenceau
and other allied leaders.
Lloyd-George told him the influence
of President Wilson and America upon
the spirit of Britain was equivalent to
a new British army.
En routn home the shin on whieh
j Senator Lewis was traveling was tor-
pettnen and nad to put bat to a rrii,'ii
port. He praised the conduct of tho
navy men during and after the attack.
HUN LINE SHORTENED
70 MILES BY RETREAT
Most Stubborn Fighting Of
Weeks Now On From
Cambrai To Soissons
By William Philip Sims
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
P&ris, Sept. 21. The most stubborn
DOING FINE WORK
Starts On Back Track Today
To Gather In Any Over
looked. TO TAKE SUBSCRIPTIONS ;
AT COMMERCIAL CLUB
Time Now To Prepare An
swer To Boys Question,
"What Did You Do?"
At midnight the boys will still b
on the job at the Salem Commercial
club to capture any elusive liberty loan
xignung seen in weens is taxing place ' suoscription that may float in, and it
chief Krilenko has requested the counter-espionage
at the staff to inform
you that it is necessary to order the
following persons to tho Roumaniun
front inni.'. diately: From Petrograd,
Commissar kukj, Socialist Rbkovskv,
Sailor Guieshin; and from tho front the
chief of the Red Guard Durasov. Theso
persons should be supplied with litera
Hire and with financial rosourccs for
agitation. To them is committed tho
task of taking all measures for tho de
posing of the Roumanian king and tho
removal of counter-revolutionary Rou
manian officers. Director of Counter-
Feierbend; Secretary N.
k """''US the . '" """nously
"cu . a gov.
to th I" Wroaohinir.
v inn .i
frthwuu J anm
. - i-riiampnto...
P "1 he Zi "
I'f 2 Berliner
al,zin? tuV the PW'l'le are
A tr?,y ' P'fE
Se warcr. rl brin?
U,""" ""liter ho,.. '"' UL'"io-
c'n ?y onfi.
hi,.. -"UUr lim TT
" "11 il. - "II f"I i
"""on J,.. "i""ent nf
5W7st"a win ' " '".h. t
Germany. About all we hear from
them now i8 'lot's go; let's go.'"
. The Germans are still feverishly dig
ging in along the Hindengurg lii.w
i while bur artillery constantly hampers
i their efforts to improve their, trenches
I Accounts of spectacular deeds filter
back to headquarters. A certain bat
tery had a gun put out of commission,
The gunners immediately took chargu
of a captured gmi of medium calibre',
well supplied with ammunition. They
. had little trouble understanding the
rang,, finder, as they discovered a Ger
man, range table book, which was
promptly translated by- German-Ameri
, can members of the battery.
I The douirlibovs are findine that know
ledge of the German language is useful
up in front. I saw a German field li
brarv which had been hastily aband
oned. German speaking Americans were
browsing among the volumes. Several
haps were reading translations of
Shakespeare and Emerson. "I never
knew Shakespeare wrote so well until,
"Because it was getting daylight, it
was a little dangerous to continue on
into Germany," it was explained. Not
a single shot was fired during the whole
Just before the attack begun one gen
eral called on eleven Salvation Army
1.iwr1in, ,na.-nr. on.1 fnnr Y. AT. C
A wnmen tn nrMniz auxiliary hosnital I tuits of this letter, written by Joffe,
-!. Tl, l,i. wnrkliMr directly be-iw,re telegraphed to Washingto.
-"" ' w
hind the lines, followed tho infantry
Note this marks tho beginning of
largo-scale work to disorganize thi fio
uniaiiiaii army. That is its early win
ter phases it advances disappointingly
to Germany is evidenced by vengeful
steps taken later by General Hoffman
and Trotsky from Brcst-Litovsk, when
in the middle of January Trotsky, at
the request of General Hoffman, order
ed the arrest in Petrograd of the Rou
manian Minister Diainand. Tho con-
forward and moved up past Mont Sec,
giving the wounded first aid.
One American outfit captured one
eitiro German regimental band. They
made it march back playing the French
war song, "The Martelct," (Mess
When thev finally turned thn bodies
to Washington in
February and photographic copy of let
At about the same umc the Rou
manian public gold reserves in custody
within the Kremlin walls at Moscow sages,
were seized by the Russian government.
Diamandi was released from arrest qt
the demand of the armed diplomatic
General March Shows 150.
009 Have Embarked
Since Last Statement
Washington, Sept. 21. More than
1,7500,000 American troops have em
barked for "over there" Chief of
Staff March announced today. This is
150,000 more than his last announce
This fact, given at hi8 weekly press
confoience supplemented his declara
tion that the news from all fronts dur
ing the past week 'has been continu
ously and continually good." !
. He located the American forces in the
St. Mihiel scftor as now 10 miles from
Metz and a similar distance from Con
flans, an important strategic and rail
road point west of Metz.
Thp Lorraine lino has been quickly
stabilized, he said, and the week has
seen onlypatrol action, aerial observa
tions and artillery firing there.
As for the British situation, March
confirmed the capture of over 10,000
prisoners in the Cambrai-St. Quentin
district and noted steady progress, do-
spite strong counter attacks. The en
emy, he said, has lost heavily. St Quon-
tin is now only three miles distaut
from Haig's forces.
Press reports as to the Balkan drive
were continued. No reports wcio a
vailablo from the Palestine operations,'
but General March admitted that Baku
on the Caspian sea is again in Turkish
A telegram concerning the St. Mihiel
actions shows that the son o Vrnno
Minister Clemenceau of France led the
first troops entering St. Mihiel, com-,
posed of Zouaves, colonials and labor
ing classes. March paid tributo to the
French fighting spirit in that offen
sive, saying it was of the same high
character the French always
An order of the day from General
H. L. Reed of the Fifteenth Scottish
division gave thanks and praise to tha
first artillery brigade of the First Amer
ican division for aid in the Marno
In answer to specific questions,
March located the 114th enginoers, 39th
division, as recently landed; the 90th
division as the Vosf.es, and the 36th
in a training sector with the French.
Colonel Augustus McComb has t
cceded the late Colonel Konnon at Camp
Green, X. C, March announced.
War department reports fail to show
that Americans arB being massacrQd or
abused bv bolsheviki. Quito the con
trary is indicated by some of the mes-
ln the regions of Cambrai St. Quentin
and Soissons where the armies of Gen
erals Byng. Rawlinson. Debeny and
Mangin are battering against the very
gates of Germany.
With a desperation bordering on pan
ic. Crown Prince Rupprecht. General
Von Boehm and the German crown
prince are throwing troops into the me
lee with orders to hold or die. retake
or be killed.
Field Marshal Von Hiulenburg real
ized the danger to tfcij lortress b.-iii'l
which Hog the Hun fiontier and is thus
attacking. The allies are meeting the
attacking Prussians in mid-field in
some of the wildest fiercest grapples
of the war.
Aae big fact stands out in this fight-ing'-the
boches are not yet licked. For
weeks tho general tone of war storicB
has been that the Huns haven't any
more fight in them. But if you want
to make eny regular fighting man mad
.be he American, British or French,
just intimate that his job is easy and
that the war is now" over. He knows
Germany can be licked finally but ho
readily admits that much hard scrap
ping is certain before the knockout
He insists that the many stories to the
eoatrary are helping the boche. He
points out that the Huns have shorten
ed thMr line 70 miles by their re
treat as a result of which only 114
German divisions are holding the line
now as compared with the HO needed
before Marshal Foch's counter of fen
Then the Ceimans had only 33 divs
isions in reserve and 33 resting or re-
titting. JNow they have 13 in reserve
and 71 resting or re-fitting and three
weeks is considerel ample time to re
fit unless something happens to pre
vent it. Von Hindenburg thus shortly
will have 84 divisions in reserve ready
for operations. Iu the meantime, the
allies aro now up against a line of
the Huns cwn choosing giving the lat
ter a big advantage. Unless the Ger
mans are torn out of these positions
they will be able to hold them with
fewer troc.ps still thus in increasing
the number of reserve divisions out of
the line resting and training.
GIViNG GOOD FOR EVIL
Ai LOVING GERMANY
TREASONABLE TO 00D
Bishop Quayle of Chicago Says
Golden Rule Does Not
Apply To Huns
Chicago, Sept. 21. Returning
for evil by "loving Germany" is
havei treasonable to America and God, Bish
op William A. Quayle of the Method
ist Episcopal church declared in an ar
ticle published in the Northwestern
"Tho German people have not been
conducting war but murder," he said.
"The new atrocity which recently
appeare'i was spraying prisoners with
burning oil. This is Germany's most re
"All the decencies, honors, humani
ties, international agreements and laws
have been smashed by them day by
day, from the rape of Belgium until
"Germany has ruined cathedrals anl
cities in sheer wanton fury.
"She has stolen fom little and big
alike; playthings from children, finery
from women, bank deposits, railroads
"The pulpit and its press should de
mand justice down to tho last farthing.
Any other attitude will bo treason to
front lines present a
They wear CVrmsa hclii;
hats and iron crosses and carry German
revolvers and field glasses.
. Troops Concentrating.
Harbin, Manchuria. Sept. 21. Oeeho
at Petrograd, but his hti-, nlovaK troops irom eastern ana central America uuu uuu.
concentrating at Irkutsk. ! - -
aie fully armed and equip- British Monitor Bums,
proceed across the Ural I London, Sept. 21. A British monitor
the was sunk in a harbor Monday 83 the
over to the prison chief they demanded miliation, continued and on January 28 .Siberia are e
a receipt for "one saongerbund. com- he was ordered from Petrograd, be.ng hon they .
",.V. ii1 t...4. l,n eiven less than 10 hours to prepare fur ped they will
piCtO. illlUHUJ 'Cl"""6 a.v... . - r. -t fl,t ,..!.. mnnnliln. tn tl,n ooaiatnnrA r.f till
erotesnue sight, tne ucpuriurc ul r-"-.' ... . - ...
acts s'ove-pil -J cd many women and children. Ambas Czechs who arc resisting the Teuton
(Continued on page six)
s a good idea to go to the bat by to
night because if you have been missed
this week they are going to get you
next week. . .
No one in Salem "is going te be over
looked .in this greatest of all efforts.
The city of Salem has nover before en
deavored to raise such a gigantic sum
of money in any undertaking and tho
thousands who have come through are
not going to allow thoir efforts to be
spoiled by the slacker hundreds.
Today was a bad day for slackers.
The flying squadron started on the
back trail after the "hard nuts" and
it is expected that they will bring in
a handsome slice of subscriptions be
fore the sun sets on the end of a busy
All sorts and kinds of slackers are
being unearthed be it said to tho hu
miliation of Salem. Two women, amply
able to do their bit, have kept the
door8 locked persistently end have re
fused to answer the telephone, altho
neighbors have reported that the wo
men are at home and have been, tiptoe
ing about the premises.
One man on the edge of town de
clares that paper money is no good
and he does not intend to buy. Two of
his sons ran away from home to enlist,
while the solicitors declare they ere
confident from this man's tone that he
prays to the God of Kaiser Bill every
night for more power to Kaiser Bill's
army. The department of justice is
going to watch out for this man.
' To the fellow" who don't come thru,
the campaign managers .' give. a. ocfi
nite answer that ho won't escape just
because it has been planned to go over
the top tonight. The general and his
aides are going to ransack the town all
next week and if Salem don't go over
the top by tonight it will by next Sat
urday night regardless of the heavy
handicap that will be imposed bj he
A million dollars is a pile of money
for a town like Salem to raise in three
days, or in a week or in a month. But
it is going to be raised, declare the
campaign managers, if every slacr in
town has to be put in jail to out the
The boys mean business and remem
ber the Commercial club will bo open un
til 12 o'clock tonight ready to take on
anv and all comers who have subscrip
tions to make.'
If the solicitor misses1 you, get busy
and take it in to the club or the near
est solicitor you can find.
When the boys come back from
Franco tho first thing they-, are going
to do is to inquire what you did to help
lick the Germans.
The timo to get busy and to got your
answer to that question ready is right
Mrs. Ike Pash, ailas Mrs. Joe Pasli.
alias Mrs. John Pash, alias Mrs. Ben
Pash, and otlier names at other stores.
wa8 nearly suffocated in a sugar bin at
her home t'dav. What's become o' tb..
s waulf of an internal explosion, the. ud- ole time farmer that used t' move his
and scattered bolsheviki forces in f,uro- miralty anounced today. Twenty per- fence two feet closer t th railroad,
pean Russia. " - sons were killed and 57 are missing ever' fall! v