Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1918)
lr ',:...,!,f;..n in EaV'tn Guar-
Dr. v H"-". -.
tj -y ,he Audlt 0
HE LEASED WIRE
6 LEV NEWS SKHVICJ!
t- T a T C T5 fr f
S jri .rft ft fry V. -
FORTY-FIKST YEAR NO. 22G. 1
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON THAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
f! Jll .
i j mi
jiui nriirii'rii in r itii ri- m is ijniimnrr icriti i a 1 , w -
LIL I 1 I'Ll ILR 111 fcfllU I'uulin: x.tl.,.t MiJ !..;.. I'LI Lllfl I III LI 11170
Bat Weather Clerk Makes
Fair Promises .
BAND OPENS PROGRAM
Day Of All Nations With Bis
hop Sumner As Principal
Orator Is Staged
The Fifty-seventh annual Oregon,
!ito faionened its sates tli is morn
ing under nitut favorable aunpii-ca. The
wmtjmr was cltmdy but with promise
from the bureau of fair dnvs for the
rntire week. It is "The iluy of All Ma
funis," anil unrecognized flags, to
musi Americans, are in evidence gen-wall)-
although the ceremony of the
thf raiding did nut take place until 4
o'i'Kifk tins afternoon, with President
A. G. Markers of the fair board, as
master of ceremonies. Flairs of nil na-
ranee. Miss Lambert; Ttritninnn M.
roulin: Scotland. Mis Diiisv :..mnw.. I
Ireland, Miss Nellie Duly; Japan, Miss
Heltewo; Italy, Mary Luttovia; Koui
mania, Miss .lukway; China, Mss Moy;
Armenia, Miss Cartoziau; Denmark,
Mrs. A. Jensen; Finland, Miss Kill
Wainkainen; Holland, Mis Buys; Nor
way, Miss Kersten Trulsen; Spain, Mrs
Fernandez; Sweden. Miss Isaacson;
Switzerland, Mrs. John Richard; Syria
Miss Darowish; Amcriea, Aliec Ben
Dairy Authorities to Speak.
On Tuesday the dairy interests of the
state will bo featured. Dairy and Food
Commissioner Miekle, Professor Brandt
of tho 0. A. C. and W. K. Newell of
tbo government food administration
have, charge of the program. Dr. E. J.
Labbe of Portland, who rwently re
turned from France; Professor Larson
of Brookings, 8. D., and Professor Pugh
of Ames, Iowa, will be the speakers. All
of them are authorities on dairy sub-
jectg and their talks and discussions ai
!ex!c.ted to be a great stimulant to tire
Uoiry industry in this Btnto.
But the feature of that day which
will undoubtedly hold the interest of
the dairymen will be tho big meeting
to bo hold in the auditorium Tuesday
night. This meeting is expected to be
one of the liveliest affairs of the week,
because the dairymen have a big and
Mvrioiig' problem to discuss numely,
the outlook for dairying in Oregon. Men
will be there to present tho viewpoint
otamia, which is working its wav
or run producers, others to present tho northwestward aloug the Euphrates.
His Forces Cover fifty Miles
In Unly Two Days Of
By J. W. T. Mason.
(United Press staff correspondent)
New York, 8ept. 23. General Allvn
by's rcniarkuble advance througj, the
plains of Sharon tu Nazareth has cov
ered over fifty miles in two days fight
ing, which a the record for the present
war. Th' British are now within 75
miles of Damascus the capture of which
is cortain, if "tho present disintegration
of the Turkish forces continues. Once
at Damascus, General Allcnby can be
gin to make plans for uaiting his own
forces with tkn 'British army in Mesop-
i side of the dwilors and other to get
at the solution of the problems arising
rioin the high cost of production
At the same tinie( in front of the
grandstand, .a musical feautre, "The
. nt ft Wkifa lnn t !,
given. Mrsr Aniia MaretiaM-Powelf of
Albnny will sing. S . ;
Halom daw will be Wednesday. The
Cherrinns will be incharge of the prog
' rnm. Music will be furnished bv the
ttons exi-etpt the central powers were Apollo club. Wednesday night a spec
floated and created much enthusiasm inl musical nrnirram will 1m iriven Kfiso
they spread t the breeze. Klizabeth Levy and her orchestra of 24
The feature that strikes the oldtimo violinists will Biv several numbers,
fair visitor on entering the grounds is An imnnrrant ont. f, Uo ii.f
is the animal meeting of the Orcg-
ffon Pure-Bred Livestock association.
The Elks will hold forth on Thursday
an,i that will also be Portland day. Tho
Elks will have charge of the program,
t to the ground., nud thi, demon-' i i L- B "','!S Pr ?f CUr'
;a.io,i mil he continued through rj."."' 1 t,"P80" -7. i 1 t,,e P,'in"
tie neck. 8 , Plal speaker. There will be feature ra-
CanuAfll's American baud started "8., rith Ili,lt8 that vari,,,1 Pl''5 of
tM mimic at 10 o'clock and at noon tho 1 IB s W1" bo r0Ipd t0 ,nlt0 a Pio"
old soldiers' fife and drum corns stir-1 n0Ilt Part in on,e ort of a racw. s
H the blood 0f all with their oldtimc I Pri(lav will be Good Roads, Patriotic
urtial tniifs, .and Valley day. An effort is being
. i ihiirtllly th,. case the first morn ' "m,1" bJ' Secretary Lea to obtain a half
J? found the pavilions scenes of busy holiday on that day for all sliipworkers
rT.ratL011, S,a"v """Ills weru not " t'"n the duy into a labor colcbra
y, but pounding hummers and tion. If this arrangement is compleivd
sliiUK saws told of the rush that H eid.)yed in the shin vards will
" n to let lliein fi,i,ii,l.,.i i. : ln ,1,;n.l c ' i i
Mini k. .i. " . lu argi-
h,i Tu . " u"u ii'Uimook aitenilnnee ib expected from
m cl"ldri'n's exhibits were com-' towns, ami ans.i.1
.c urn auiHoniini uiiuer wtiicli ap
I'Wently everybody attending the fair
luSght find room. It is being used to-J
y for the display of farm implo-1
wnts, tractors anil autos. The tractors
( oemg tried 0Ht j fu adja.
This army hag as its objective the cap
ture of Aleppo, where the Constanti
nople railway joins tho Bagdad and the
From Damascus, Genvral Allenby,too,
will advance tpward Aleppo. It will
Tie possible for him to get In '.touch
with the British Mesopotamia 'opera
tions immediately at Damascus, by the
use of cavalry. The Arabian desert,
which now separates General Allenby's
forevs from the Mesopotamian expedi
tion loses its density north of Damas
cus, permitting the two British armies
to unite under a single strategic direc
tion for the approach of Aleppo.
General Allenby i8 now less ban 300
miles from Aleppo and has covered half
the distance from Suez to that major
Turkish railway center. The extra
ordinary speed of General Alelnby's ad
vance from Jaffo to Nazareth last week
indicates that the second half of the
ON ARRAS SECTOR
Iff HIT ATTACK
Allied Forces Draw Net Close
About St. Quentia And
WILL PL A CE WOMEN IN
AND PUT MEN A T WORK
French Capture Yecdeuil Fort
And Village jb Oise
Paris, Sept. 23. The Temps declares
tne unmans are evacuating Cambrai,
send the inhabitant to Mons.
By LowaU Mellett
(Tinted Press staff eorresDoudentl
With the British Armies in France,
Sept. 23. Regardless "of a heavy rain.
the British and Germans continued lo
cal fighting for possession of various
portions between Cambrai and St. Quen
tin last night and early twday.
south or oppy the British last night
advanced 600 yards on an eleven hun
dred yard front, taking fifty prison
At ten o'clock last night British
troops advanced near Epehy, driving
trii enemy out of several trench ele
ments, protecting the Hindenburg out
post line. -
London, Sept. 23.ir-British troops pro
gressed on a front of about three quar
ters of a mile east of Bavrelle (five
journey will be out of all proportion to ... ,, M. ,.
tlie first in rapidity of accomplishment.
it Ii thc British armies in possession
of Aleppo, the nearby port of Alexand
eretta will certainly b seized. There.
The Germans temporarily penctrat
ed the British lines near Bcrthaneourt
(four miles northwest of St. Quentin)
the curtain " I f"r i,mI'pp,ion when from Albuuy, Eugene and other points.
k where tl,. . 1 u . ' 1B"I Bat'n"y will be Shrinors
after a major campaign may be begun eariv in tae CVCning, but were driven
for tho capture of Constantinople. n.,t u tt enimtnr attack.'
VlHllurer nnmint:nn ant- ai... ... i.
to their forboari Rviiah T'"'"
---- - -j uigui,, .
I Li. . i
mlt , ,,avo their displays
n'PWe and from those aWni L
Wwat the display i8 to be an
one. llie horticultural
"ting much attention al-
tUif i !, . "
li "lr'lil a"J the varieties
Meriace ' V!"'a'"'e of ta3to' nd
. ,-r . . nil! iM,
"""'""lly good one T ,7 i ZZ ",L " i ?:rict l"vision of the stato police.
"Mt iMttraeti,,,, ,u,h attention ," ft "m S.-, tU 8tate Plice a,so wil1
"8h H is not unite coWle o ve I30"'0"8 ticket takers at the a," nd
, . ', 'i 'minors are there with' . io
"r favoriu i.i. i , , 0 .V. Krounds. ' - '
Great Aut0 Show,
Whil the state fair management is
""""""H me auiomomio snow m con
nection with thn stato fair, the suner
intend4'iit for thu dealors is M. 0. Wil
Itins, president of the Dealers Motorcar
association of Oregon. The show com
mittee is composed of A. B. Manley, C
i. iueimies, a. w. wegner, it. 11. 1'iuing
uimi mr, WiIKius.
IK' new Coliseum in which the
show will be held, has a space of 200x
;i(0 foot without' a post. There will be
room for all tho cars and tractors en
tered, with space also for ten-foot ais
les. 'JOach car will nernnv o atinnn IHt
The decorations will be very
through Asia Minor. With Alexandor
etta in possession of the allies, troops
could easily be londed there, readv to
move along the Aleppo railway leading
across Asia Minor into Constantinople.
The distance to bp covered is about 800
miles. Thig sounds like a stupendous
undertaking, but with a demoralized
Turkish army in opposition, the possi
bility of success exists, certainly the
mere threat of so gigantic on atfeom-
Sccretary Lea announces that all con- pHshment would work havoc with the
Bssions this year will bo under tho moralu of tho pan-Germans.
The British also advanced between
Vendhuille and Villers-Guislain, .taking
a number of strong points and some
"Last night $ilish troops made
progress in the direction of Tombois
farm (two miles directly west of Le
Catelet,) after several hours of hard
fighting," the statement said.
"Farther north they occupied a
group of strongly held trenches and
(Continued on page three)
l'r. Lahbe. who
rued firm, i'.... .u
iJh,, 1 imitters,
Jrofes wMdierrow will deliver a
'""H and 1T08,0';k bpKan this
of the ; L l8 "10 ear,y wmple
the waj eisW0;k..' exhibitby
-' maf,; ' 'llft"'ult one to judge
Patently i, J '"""I'ftiturs are ap-
., "aturC aSB Ste.l 1, t
e them y
'. - , ' "'I'll
planned bv 8.
committee of consular
-"" a n -
, r. -o an i fi
t coioo.L.. 1 t8"tat.ves of U if for
? a ,,rn': f;:r h ay m-
mTTaM .v .Hied !
D" 8 ot her count...
y 'Poakc'r ,f h!"'T was P-
P'ofWiliam;Vtresl'y Prcaident Do
" of ! ntQ univers tv: intrrt
(Continued on page two)
FIDE EIDER'S BURNS FATAL
Hi, r , ,ni "the,n ItV ffa llnl
it... uur. ii . "
2 "ner' Pawn Z UrPs9 b-v Bil
. of wo..; znu?
il tribute , ' "t a". na'
s. s f Of. ii.,, w "' American
SSBa. ,a"a. tl'fi "Star
Pendleton, Or., Sept. 23. James Jen-
who was mghtiully burned in
an attempted "fire ride" at the Round
up Saturday, died yesterday morning.
The shock of his burns and the in
halation of fumes from his gasoline
soaked clothing resulted in death. He
leaves a wife and ehild. .
Jenkins, who has been working on
the Will Wyrfek ranch, near here, all
summer, hag been taking the part ,of
tho "Kaiser", who is roped by cowboys
Ti,.i mugjjru arouiiu .me iracK just; ai
mn or me snow, in aaaiuon to
ifllo,. werc 'n the paseanr rAitakinl? this treatment, he laid his plans
u'Hi s.. ta Put 0,1 a "fi ride," which he had
" filler L T"ovich
' Be,um, Mi;
BRITISH HAVE WIPED OUT
ENTIRE TURKISH ARMY
It Is Expected To Weed Out
Eyery Man From Places
Women Can fill
. Washington, Spt. 23 Machinery
designed to force men out of non-essential
employment and muster wom
en of the nation to take their places,
was put in motion today by 1,000
community labor boards reaching into
every section of the country.
The boad are acting under detail
ed, instructions from the government,
working through Ao United States em
Each bt&rd soon will publish lists of
industries in its locaity ii which men
should bo rcpaccd by women. The lists
will be based on surveys on all indus
trial plans in each board's district. The
survivors will be minute. Each job
will be studied to determine whether
a woman csn fill it.
Publication of tho lists is expected to
cause employers to comply and substi
tute womena g a iwsult of moral pres
sure, thus, exerted. Where moral pressure-
fails stronger mcpsures may be
taken. Th. employment service.- work
ing through the war industries board,
has power to scut off the supply of raw
materials from any plant.
This move is a result of thc enlarged
army program, -lnder which four mil
lion men will be sent to i'rance by
next June. It is expected to weed out
of non-essential cmploynents every
man in the nation. The result will be
the probabe induction of hundreds of
thoasands of women not only into ef
sential war industries but into muni-
itons factories as well. Officials say
tho numbers of womon may run into
the million. -
The women areimperativdy needed
to iusuro an adequate supply of mater
ial and munitions to the fighting men
in France. Because of the nation-wide
labor shortage, thc munitions program
foces serious delay.
This is made plain in the instructions
to local boards ent out by the employ
"To tho extent tha wj taH behind
in the supply of material, we shill have
to make up the deficit frorii the living
bodies of our youm men " read (Ue
instructions. ' This m not theoretical,
it is plain military calculations. As
soon as the facts are 'onUzed, Amer
icans are going to cease carrying on
business as usual ond swarm into wur
The use of the term ''non-essential
employment'' in the instructions to
community boards has a special signifi
cance. Although a man is working in a
munition factory and even in 'making
shells, he still may be classified as a
'nonessential worker." Thig will occur
when the community board's surv.y
shows that a man 's job can bo filled by
The program really means, that, the
women of the nation are to muster to
help turn out the sheila with which our
soldiers will blast their path to Berlin.
In making the surveys the boards
will ay emphasis on the job and not
on the community as a wholc
The employment service which has
a corner on all employment in the Un
ited States, will assume responsibility
for isting and filling with women the
jobs which its community boards pass
Every precauticn will be taken to
guard the health of women workers.
Two women members will be added to
the personnel of each community board.
Boards arj composed of representative
of both employers and employes.
RAID ENfHV LINES
Cutting Of Important Rail-
Ways Will Force Great
Principal Minor Attack Result
ed In Capture Of Twenty
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
With tho Americans on the Metz
front, Sept. 23. American troops
niade three successful raids on this
front early yesterday, taking more
than thirty prisoners and inflicting
considerable losses on the Germans.
The principal raids were made in the
region of Haumont-les-Lachaussee
(five miles north of Thaiueourt.) The
Auioricfan artillery thrtw a barrage
close about tho village, cuttins off the
enemy communications. Our infantry !
dashed into the box thus created. I
They encountered a number of bodies,
ARMY IS BROKEN UP
AEied Forces Hammer Day
Cambrai and St Quentin
The great wedge driven into the Bul
garian lines between Monastir and,
Lake Dorian has already virtually sep
arated thoir armies, in southern Ser- .
bia and northeastern Greece. Botli he
railway supplying the Bulgafg in the
Lake Doiran and the German built rail
way serving Prilip have been cut. The
Serbian war office reports that the
enemy in all the surrounding country v
is feeling the effects of this, opera
The allied advance up to Saturday
had reached a depth of more than for
ty miles -between- the Vatdar and tha
eastern reach of tho Cerna.
No incursion has yet been renortcd
into Bulgarian territory, but the allies
are now within five miles of the Serbo-
Bulganan frontiernorthwest of Lake
Doiran, and their lines between Lake
Doiran and the Struma river anproach
to within less than four miles of the
Greek-Bulgarian bordor at one point.
Iho latest reports from Palestine in-
dicato that two entire Turkish armies
which occupied the front between the
Jordan river and the Mediterranean
had been virtually wiped out. The Brit
ish have advanced more than sixty
miles from their original line, captur
ing more than 25,000 Turks and 269
The British and Germans aro still
struggling for possession of the Hinden
burg line between Cambrai and St.
Quentin with the former slowly shoving
forward in small sectors. Farther
north, the British made progress on
a front of nearly a mile cast of. Gav
rellc on the main Arras, Douui highway
London, Sept. 23. Two enfire Turk-
Secretary Baker Is
Highly Pleased With
- Supply Facilities
killing and wounding more than fiftv , rTT i. v , .2
TkcvVoiight backVcnt; who ZLIZ
rendered a'fter vere h.Sl to hand ! WM fiClal
Hunting in the streets
"The Seventh and Eighth Turkish
unit southeast of Carry (four miles nt .S
east of Haumont) raided a German out- ,TT.
IIv started at a seaport whore he saw
unloading food, soldiers and munitions
tin-le-Cliiiussee (a mile and
northeast of Epary.)
Artillery' is intermittently
ish troops have advanced more than 60
miles sinw their drive began Thursday;,
The main infantry body Saturday was
on a line running east and west through
Samaria, forty miles north of Joiusa-I
lorn. The Cavalry has progressed north- From there he followed the . route of. along the whole Metz frant. Thc anc
wa to the region of the sea of Galilee supplies toward the American battle ' m.V is. using ah and incendiary shells.
and has occupied Nazareth, thirty miles front, , stopping at several large bases
north'of Samaria. Other cltvalry dw-1 and making side trips to aviation t. at
tachments aro operating southwest of ng camps, storage warehouses and sal-
Nazareth from tho Jordan river west- vage camps. H0 saw factoriv-s built by
conceived as a stunt and went ahead
without notifying anyone except a
Nazareth In Their Hands, 18,
000 Prisoners Taken
Advance 60 Miles
London, Sept. 23. Allied forces oper
ating in Palestine have wiped out prac
tically an entire Turkish army, captur
ing more than 18,000 prisoners and in
flicting heavy casualties.
Nazareth, (whvre the Angel Gabriel
appeared before the Virgin Mary to an
nounce the conception of Christ) has
been occupied and the famous battle
field of Armageddon has been travers
ed by British cavalry, in pursuit of thc
flwing remnants of the Turkish army.
At the same timo allied troops in
Macedonia, have ivachcd tho Uskupt
Salonika railway at Dcmirkapou Pass,
36 miles east of Philip, cutting this line
of communication which supplies the
Buli?arian armv in the Lake Dorian re
gion. Other troops have captured and Italians and Czecho-Slovaks,. but the al-jss
passed to the nortn or tne important ned orrcnsive eonimucs wmioiii an
town of Kavadar, ten miles west and sign of abatement.
north of tho Dcmirkapou defile.
On the west front, the British- im
proved their position near Villers-Guis-lan,
between Cambrai and St. Quentin
and in the neighborhood of Zillebvke,
niitheast nf Ynros.
German raids and local attacks lnlmorning, taking a number of prisoners,
other sectors were repulsed. The latest- and inflieting consideroble losse8 on the
reports from Palestine show that Brit-1 Germans. .'
Paris, Sept. 23, American Secretary
caavr, on ms ibccih v iu u.'s, enemy trenches, encountering stiff
pressed asioinsiimcin, ai uic growm "i i fighting. Braving a heavy German bar
the American supply facilities since hi! rae. thev captured five hoehes and
last visit to tho front. v- ! inflicted a number of casualties.
Baker made a rapid inspection ol; Patrols report that the Germans are
the vast organization of supply and busily cngaaed dialling trenches and
lines ' of communication which stieteu I building gii emplacements and dugouts
from the sea across France to the Am-, in this region, especially near Dommar-
transport is ours.'
More than 25,000 prisoners and 260
post iicnch, bringing back six sur.pris
ii. I K, .!,,, i.-o,ii... ; th ..,-..;.. ii
v. u...v, ..i m.,,B, Mguns had been counted by 8 p. m. Sun-
of Haumont, American troops raided "J ,,"iJ.Ji.A
day. Many were still uncounted.
Having seized tne passages of the
Jordan at Jisreddanir Sunday morning
4c . ik
if iUJia iiiiiiiiiii . jc
ward and driving isolated Turkish de
tachments southward toward the main
British force, or eastward toward tho
Arabs, who are co-operating with the
British cast of tho Jordan.
Tlij British advance, in which French
units are also co-operating, has been at
tended by insignificant losses. In ad
dition to the great haul of prisoners.
120 guns have been captured.
The Bulgarians and Germans arc
throwing reinforcements into the Mace
donian fighting in an effort to hold
the Serbians, British, 1'rench, Greeks,
thn Americans to manufacture certain
supplies in France and thus save ton
nage. He saw repair shops and huge
offices necessary to keep the records.
By strenuous traveling thc ' Baker
party managed to catch a glicpsc of
almost all the multitude of supplies to
feed the fighters.
From the supply lines, the party
headed1 for several fc-nve sectors where
wounded men were convalescing and
men on leavo were enjoying vacations.
Czechoslovak troops defeated tho
Austrians in an attack by the latter
against the Dissalte salient, on the
American troops hade three success-
fi 5(( ( 5jc )j( 5j di 5c
THE KAISER IS SICK.
ful raids on the Metz front Sunday
Rome, Sept. 23. The report
that Kaiser Wilhelm is ill, has
been confirmed by German news
papers according to Corriero D'
lalia, thc kaiser, it is declared,
ha, been forced to cancel all
Despite unfavorable weather, Amcri
can aviators have dropped 18 tons of
bombs on airdromes and railway junc
tions, observing successful explosions
and fires. Recently the nights have
been exceptionally elear, in spite of
cloudy days. A night reconnaissance
squadron has been organized which has
proven highly successful. Flying at a
low ltituil- in the moonlight, they have
been enabled to make accurate reports
of German movements and artillery
positions. The night observers encoun
tered no trouble from German anti
aircraft guns, which are unable to fire
accuiately enough at night to hamper
tho machines. The observers havo add
ed to the effectiveness of their work
by dropping bombs and directing ma
chine gun fire against moving enemy
'Salvation Wortwrs There
With the American Armies in France
Sept. 22. (Night) In the woods close
, behind the American lines Captain
ami airs. noiorooK, salvation army
workers,' aro carrying on their task
among tho doughboys after an excit
(Continued on page two)
(Continued on page two)
Of all th war, measures ten evmts
worth o ' crackors is th ' the limit. Tell
Binkley went t (deleted) yesterday
an' returned t'day with six quarts (de
leted.) . . .