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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1918)
(23,000 BSADEBS) DAILY
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by tie Audit Bureau of
. FULL LEASED WIRE'
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEE VICE
a ad Wednesday
fair; nearly sta
ture; light vari
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 11, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 137
Ml III It jd II I i ..0k. M I 'I h
I I H El
VWtl I Ay B v JT rjrJ(' vVJr 1 1 ir I tilt"
OISE RIVER AFTER
10 DAYS' DRIVE
Enemy Had Also Reached
Aronde River, Eight Miles
ON WEST WING FRENCH
'DCTWlf CAMP PTJAlP
lEl lAA b)mh llKuUl.
Berlin .Claims Capture o.
Eight Thousand Prisoners
and Some Guns
Paris, June 11. German forces last
night penetrate! to within one mile of
tiio Oise. river at Ribpcourt. the French
war office announced todsiy. The ene
my also reached the Aronde river, with
iu four miles of Compiegne, represent
ing a maximum advance of more than
Si-veil miles, but wcro hurled back at
Tho 'French not only held the Ger
nnns on tho west wing, but re took tho
town of Mery.
"On the left the French resistance
prevented the Germans from taking Le
Ployron and Courceiles. The French
recaptured Mery. '
"In the center the principal Ger
man effort tras on the front from Bel
oy to MarquLglwe, ( a front of about
five miles.)., A heavy German attack
Succeeded in reaching the Aronde riv
er (three miles south of Marqueglise)
but the French hurledi the Germans
back on the whole front and the French
positions were re-established south of
Belloy, St. Maur and Vaudelicoiirt.
"On the right thero was violent
(CoutiiuAif on page two)
1 War Summary of United Press
1409th Day of the War; 83rd Dav of the Big Offensive
Picardy Front. The new German
drive between Noyon and Montdidier
which is developing the most savage
and sanguinary fighting of the war' is
now regarded as Hindenburg 's supreme
effort to split the allied armies, reach
Paris and force a dt-fision on tho west
front before America's full strength is
thrown into France.
More than a quarter of a million of
Germans has be.en thrown into thP at
tack on the comparatively narrow front
up tn midnight and reserves were being
fe4 in constantly.
The French, forewarned apnrently
were in better position to oppose this
drive than any previous phase of the
big offensive. By constant counter at
tacks and aided by heavy artijlery con
centrations, the French have inflicted
appalling losses on the advancing Ger
mans. Today 's French communique show Jt a
resumption of the enemy's progress,!
particularly on ine east wing ana oni
the center. On the west wing the Fronch ;
not only held, but recaptured the vil
lage of Mary. '
The greatest German advance since!
the position last reported by the French
was irom vannecianconn, live miles
SALEM'S SECOND ANNUAL
BARGAIN DAY, JUNE 15TH
MERCHANTS DECIDE tJPON DATE FOB BIO MERCHANDISING
EVENT AND ARE LATINO FLANS FOB MAKING IT AN
, EVEN MORE PEONOUKCED SUCCESS THAN IT WAS A
A Bargain Day that will actually of
fer a thousand bargains is offered the
jieoplp of Salem and surrounding coun
try next Siturday..
Ii fact, it will be almost impossible
for anyone te i!p into any of till lead
ing stores of the city next Saturday
vith.jul srtijg hundreds of bargains
staring them in -the face.
- The city s well as the country cus
tomer who bf.ppens to be shopping Sat'
urd;y jusr : n!.tt get away from th?
bargains They vill.be there in the dry
goods stcres, each of which will go just
oi.e beMcr rliu an ordinary bargain
sale. v . . . ' .
Th; bargain will be there in bs
shj sti-.vj and even in the hardware
stores. Ev?n the men cannot get away
free the Ljrjina offered everywtu-w
The grocers will, have- offerings, but
niioa tht prices freight rates o.c
along witii the fish markets and tho
ARRIVES IN SEAnLE
Former Vice Premier of Rus
sia May Be Coming Onlm-
- portant Business
Seattle, Wash., June 11. Somewhere
between Victoria, B. C, and Seattle
Former Russian Vice Premier Konova
loff is nearing America on board the
Suwa Maru, a Japanese liner, due to
dock here late today. Russian fo'Jjw
ers cf Kerensky here with whom lie
served, generally professed lgnorauc
of luiaovaloff s coming, Confirmation
lowever tauie from Washington, D. C.
nd the Russian consulate here.
Konovaloff was one of three ill fat
ministers falling -into bolsh,?viki
rT ids after Kerensky's downfall. The
er two were assassinated, but he war.
Siinsoned iu Petrograd until a serious
illness caused his release. He then fled
The former vice-president, who next
to Kerensky, was the strongest man in
Russia directly after the czar's abdic
ation, wi'u probably visit President Wil
son. Kenovaloff's coming' is significant
when linked with the expected return
July 1 of Jean Seokine, courier, with
advices from the Russian ambassadors
in Pans, London and Madrid. That the
representatives of the old Kerensky
regime are trying
to-stir up action to
r..s,tor, themselves and save Russia at
this critical time is the interpretation
placed upon those events by diplomatic
To Restore Czar.
Bern, June iL The reported move
msut iu Russia for restoration of the
czar is increasing according to reports
reaching here today. People are praying
in the churches for his return, it is se.id
A newspaper published Becretly in Pet
rograd uiges his restoration.
Several attempts have baen made on
the life of Nikolai Lenine, the bolshe
vik premier. The latest one occurred
June 2, it is reported when the driver
of his coach was shot by a hidden as-
(Continued on page two)
southwest of Noyon, to Antoval, a mile
west of Ribecourt and the same distance
from the Oise, a distance of three sales
Practically the sam0 progress was made
at some points in the center, notably
from Marqueglise t the Aronde river,
but the French drove the enemy lack
same distance north of the Aronde.
The Americans west of Montdidier
momentarily .expect the battle to en
velop their sector. A suspicious lull was
reported from that region.
British forces advanced nearly half a
half mile on a front of a mile and a
lhalf near Albert.
Ma me front No report.
Flanders Front. The British mack
successful raids east of the Nienni
Lorraine Front. Heavy rains com-
pelled a cessation of aerial operations,
Both artilleries are active.
Jiwiia. Neutral renorts sav the sen-
Ument for restoring the czar to the
throne is growing.
at -wheat. .
-f?cri(i are just a 'staple
V ii cftMiot misj the bargains Sa:at
l:iy. (,. if yo! uok for a nice ija:-!
urac in a garax or even in a miis'j
sti re Ihe Ji-r.r.nre store. have thctn
al'inu with the f t-h carkets and vhe
mrviiig piotura istitre, too-
l:i fa', the ur:cn who does not b
lievc in bargains had better stay home
b aiiS'1 jvsrything in town except tao
hjjVj nhd losreffite will be on hand
vrHli the special oltriugs. Saturday will
for insay a 'Jay be remembered as A'.
d.iy of a thou.asd bargains. The bir-
gain hunter will act be obliged to hunt
for bargains they just cannot get away
Ami all this is offered Salem an
vicinity just wheu ihe prices of abt:
U've.-ythiKg on the market is guing ill
(Continned on page two)
Diversion of Forty Per Cent
of Earnings to War Neces
sities of Nation
WAR COST THIS YEAR.
WILL BE $24,000,000,000
Retailers Will Be Urged Not
to Deal In Non-Essentials
Washington, June 11 The Auicrkan
pecple and business must prepare for
a severe lesson in economies diversion
of neariy forty percent of their earn
ings to war needs and conversion of
non-essential industries to war work.
Today the total earnings of the na
tion's workers, manufacturers, retail
ers and other trades ana ouaiucss
amount to $1)0,000,000.000. The war
'this year, Secretary MeAdoo estimates,
will cost $24,000,000,000
Fuel administration officials an
nounce that a fifty per cent curtail
ment in non-war industry is essential,
to save fuel. This will Ibe nnade as grad
ual as possible. Fifty to sixty million
tons of coal must -be saved tms year
by enforced curtailment, it was declar
A tentative list of nonpar industries
has been prepared for guidance of the
war ginvernment in cutting industry.
Changes' are necessary from time to
Coal, production is dropping otf, the
decline for last woek being one mil
lion tons below that of the previous
week. It is more than one million tons
below the weekly production necessary
if the 600,000,000 ton production this
year is obtained, f " " -s - ' ? - ?
The government is developing an
elaborate campaign of education to ef
fect a patriotic refusal on the part of
the people to ibuy non-essentials. Un
officially, it favors the abandonment
of the zone tax on newspapers and
other periodicals and tin increased
price for newspapers and periodicals
that these medium may aid in the ed
ucational work and not lose their pres
ent income from advertising of ar
ticles not vital to the war.
The retailers of the country will bo
urwd not to deal in non-essentials.
Another year of the war and the
drain of laibor for war work will make
non-essential industry virtually im
possible anyhow. Periodicals would do
well to prepare to get more out of sub
scriptions and less out of advertising,
officials believe. Taxes will get eighty
per cent of the "big. fellows' earn
ings. This will enforce economy in lux
uries. The man whose earnings are be
low $5000 a year cannot be called up
on to turn half his earnings to war
needs Ibut his average will be approx
imately twenty per cent.
Two Hundred Members Will
Be Taken to Circus Next
.There are going to be 200 or more
bovs and eirls of Marion and I o!k
counties who will have an especially
good time next Thursday when tb big
Mells-Floto circus comes to the city.
The United States National Bank
which has always taken an- especial
pride in its ''Boys end Girls Pig Club"
is today sending out invitations to each
and every of its little members an in
vitation to attend the circus as its
pucsts. The bank hag made arrange
meats with the circus people to reserve
200 seats in a body for its little club
members and these are being invited
by a special letter to each, to be at the
bank at I o'clock Thursday afternoon,
from which place they will start in a
bodv for the circus grounds,
The party will be in charge of
George W. Eyre, who is a sort of
father to all the club members, and
ne will be assisted in looking after tht
young folks by a couple of Salem
ladies. Every youngster remembers
circus day but it is a safe prediction
that the members of the Boys and
Girls Pig Club will hold this one circus
day in remembrance as long as they
It will be a great treat to the guests
but it is doubtful if they will derive as
much pleasure from it as will the bank
folks who engineered the scheme.
This, partly because it is better to
1, give than
1 , i i . j i i.
receive, miu iafiir ue-
cause the doing of
thing that brings
pleasure to others
always brings as
great or creater pleasure to those who
HINDENBURG PAYS GHASTLY
PRICE fOR SMALL ADVANCE
French Were Prepared Tor
Present Drivg and Are Ex
acting Heavy Toll
By J. W..T. Mason v
(United Press War Expert)
New York, June 11. Von Hiudenburg
is showing a bloody determination to
pay General Foch'fc ghastly price for
th0 capture of Compiegne.
The slow advance of the Germans in
the center of the Montdidier Noyon of
fensive is causing the movement to
ward Comniefne to assume the nvruiniil-
:! ..v. II... T.-V..1, 'f,.,l i
on Von Hiudenburg during the advance
to the Marne. This means that General
Foch is master of the situation so far
as future consideration of strategy is
concerned. If Compiegne falls into Ger
man possession; Von Hindenburg will
have b.?en forced to turn his former
Montdidkr-Noyon positoin into a sharp
wedge, which will adit peniaps fifteen
miles to the German front.
At six thousand men per mile, the
new line will requir.3 ninety thousand
more Germans than formerly for its pro
tection. That is, 90,000 more Germans
will be removed from Von Hindenbnrg 's
reserves and placed in the or?ii battle
line. The relinquishment of Compiegne
lo Von ltiudcnburg might bo well con
sidered worth tliis result plus German
casu.iity toll which tha French arc ex
acting. There is cveiy reason to believe, that
in no other sector since Von Hindcn
burg's spring offensive began have ihe
German casualties been so high pro
portionately to the number of men in
volved as during the present drive to
ward Compiegne. The French have
heavy masses of troops in this area and
tha ground is excellent for defensivt
fighting. The situation, therefore, could
not be better for the furtherance of
General Foch's determination to ex
haust Germany's reserves" in exchange
for the slow abandonment of territory
Von Hindenburg mav eome to a sud
den realization of the recklessness of hi:i
blind search for fruitless succuss and
ciny halt the Compiegne drive before
it progresses mueli farther, Hut the nam-
age already done to him this week has
been very great, (jeneral i ocn can wen
afford to give up the f.cw villages thai
nave fallen to the Germans but Von
Hbdcubuig cannot afford tn odd I'ioh
to hi ! oiloction of German cemeteries.
As these new graveyards ar,"! being fill
ed ' with dead Germans. Secretary of
War Baser announced that 700,000 Am
cricans already have been scut over
seas lo continue the war against tier
mai.y. von ninaenourg ana ine Kaiser
au see no answer to that face but the
grim' spectre of final defeat, for Hoheu
Kolleiiiimii. Rrst Large Call For
Limited Service Men
Washington, June 11. The first
large call for limited service men was
sent out bv Provost MariMii uencrai
Orowder todav. The call is for nine
thousand! limited service men who will
be sent to the northwest to cut spruce
for the airplane factories,
Every state in the union, excepr
Maine. Oklahoma, South Dakota and
Texas is affected. The men are to en
train the latter piart of June at various
date. The call is for 6626 laborers, 550
clerks, 600 carpenters, 300 clorlis and
those trades such as auTOmoone unv-
era. railroad engineers, firemen, con
ductors, brakemen, locomotive repair
men, telegraphers, track builders,
steamfitters, surveyors, mechanics,
draftsmen, pile driver foremen, station
ary engineers and the like.
Marion county's quota for limited
service draft district one, fifteen and
on Volunteer, district two, twelve. ,
Polk county's quota, d.
"I haint sold i fishin' pole since th'
town went dry," ' said W.?sley Tape,
t'dar. Tk' fellerlhat baint criticised
don't cut much ice.
One ,U-Boat Positively Sunk
and Another Believed In
jured or Sunk
An Atlantic Port, June 11. Throo
suumarines wen? attacked and two prob
ablv sunk m European waters oy
i - i: ...Ail. .,,.,- r.ito tn I
this poit, according to reports made
when tbe essci docked today.
The steamer with 176 passengers left
an CiijMi poit a week ago Saturday
The first U-boat was probably de
stroyed tho nifcjkt of June 1, the day
f departure Horn Europe. All the pas-
se:.g"rs w..'ie al dinner, iney wcre-noi
ul ..wed on die. It was sunk by a deptu
bomb, the capiain of tho liner said.
in the .c.t morning, Sunday, at v
ni,, a : iibuiei sihle disguised as a fisli-
nir boat sniu'oachcd close to the liner
so uer .'.'ngines coum uemu.
teanier was too close for her guns
it-, lf. used. She tried to ram, but miss
ed six feet wido of the mark. The U
boat and liner then drew farther opart
nd the liner 's gunners opened fire from
the stern striking the conning tower and
ripnuig it awuy. The submarine vanish
Two .hours later, it was stated, a con-
(Continued on page three)
Over Quarter Million - Men
Sent Across, Ocean Dur
ing Last Month
By Carl D, Groat
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, June 11. -Piling up
record in May for troop transport the
nation sent across around a quarter of
a million men.
This brought the shipments past tho
700,000 mark, as officially wsvealed by
Secretary of War Baker. In a few more
weeks lie wil be able to announce im
passing of the million mark and it i
assumed he will withold his next state
ment until ho has reached this tound
The secretary had Intended waiting a
while longer before making his an
nouncement, but under the inspiration
of a talk to French blue dovils hero he
decided to publish th?se figures.
Men in charge of transportation do
clam the U-boats have had absolutely
no effect upon June shipments. Their
coming only made these men grit tlwif
tocth and say "go ahead." And this ii
wiiat they are doing. Their theory wai
that any relaxation in troop and supply
h asportation would be a confession
of weakness, -merely playing into Ger
However, more June tonnage is taken
up with supplies than was the case is
May. This means that the June trooy
figures probably will be somewhat lowi
than May figures.
FROM ENEMY LIN E S
Our Artillery Heavily Gassed
German Positions During
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staff correlKndent)
With the Americans West of Mont
didier, Juno 1). The Americans with
in the hadow of the new German drive
are waiting, ready for any blow that
There is an ominous quiet in the re
gvon of Cantigny, along the line held
by the Americans. Our artillery heav
ily gassed the German positions Sun
day night but the lull fell again yes
terday. With the roar of the heavy firing
in the Montdidier legion.alwaysreach
ing them, the Americans here are con
stantly on the alert) for some evidence
of the Hun attack spreading westward
to include this sector.
American patrols are continually act
ive and some prisoners arS'brought In
almost daily. Sergeant Burns, of the
signal corps, went on a personally
conducted" tour of the boches' front
trenches. He shot every German he ran
across and returned safely to bis own
(Continned on page three)
26 HIED IN ACTION
AND 13 OTHER DEAT HS
TOTAL CASUALTIES 1 30
48 Severely Wounded and 43
Degree cf Wounds StUl
Washington, June 11. One hundred
and thirty casualties were reported to
the war department tossy, divided as
Killed in action 26; three dead from
wounds; seven dead from disease;
three dead from accident; forty eight
. - aumie,i severely. Fortv three wound
ed, degree undetermined.
Lieutenant Edward Hiues, Jr.,
cago, died of disease and Lieutenant
Eitmund Cordy. Xew York, and James
J. Lewrence, Atlanta, were wounded
Captaiu Jflin T. Ccstello, Ringham
tou, N. Y., previously reported severe
ly wounded is Vow reported slightly
The list follows: '
Killed in Action
Corporals Elinor B. Donmiel, Lancas
Tulmadjje W. Gerald, Galivants Fer
ry, . C.
Mechanics (Vil C. Abels, Haven-
wood, W. Va.
William A. Purccll, Philadelphia.
Privates James A. Burns, Mausau.
I.eon Camnbell, Athens, Pa.
Frank Caralunas, Tamnuqua, Pa.
Cecil C. Craig, Phillips, Okla.
Paul F. Cross, Sheliiyville, Ind.
Joe F. Frentzel, Cnnton, Ohio.
Charles B. Hackney, Knoxville, Tenn
Paul L, Hargroaves. Jamaica, N. Y.
Zeed S. Honaker, War, W. Va.
Foreat O. Johns, Ticonic, Iowa.
Archie Lackshire, Sawyer, Wis.
William C. Lindsey, Ottumwa, Iowa
Cirenus E- McCary, Chief, Mich.
(Continued on page three)
German Army Makes
i Supreme Effort Now;
Entire Strength Inaction
' By Lowell Mellett '
(United Press correspondent)
Paris, June ll.-The gigantic "
Gemnan attempt to Teach Par-
is continued today.
M. Hutin, the French mill-
tary eritic, declares the enemy
gained seven miles in two days
in tho direction of Compiegne.
French troops marvelousiy re-
mated the enemy advance. In
the center by the use of many
tanks and by throwing in new
divisions, the enemy hopes to
gain a decisive success, but
iboth General Foch and General
Petain know the positions be-
yond which the Germans can-
The whole German strength
wow is in action in the belief "
that the supremo miomcnt when
a German victory can be achiev
edi is at hand. Tho cu'.my hopes
to finish the war before the
end of this month and it is be
lieved a huge German naval of
fensive and a new effort on the
British front may be tried.
Dewpite tho desperate enemy
rushes, M. Hutin declares, the
kaiser cannot prevent the Am
ericans from entering the great
battle with growing force and
The military expert of the
Echo Do Paris says the public
is not fully aware of the im
portance of the American fac
tor, which is far from a remote
and Uncertain hope, but is an
actual and sure reality.
Need for Officers
Has Become Imperative
Washington, June 11 The amy's
need for officers has become so great
that the next series of training camps
agaiu will be opened to civilian can
didates. The fifth training camps win
bo located at the permanent replace
ment carnipe instead of with the divis
ions. The artillery especially is short of
officers. The plan that has .been prac
tically decided upon is to admit 1100
civilian candidates and 1200 from the
rank to the artillery offices' trainng
camp each month. Only ni-n from civ
il life whoi are above aratt a?e win
be accepted a candidates. Those with
technical educations are being sought.
LOYALTY 18 BEWABDED
Chicago, June 11. Jailed af
ter conviction on a minof
charge, iFrank TayloT adminis
tered a thrashing to a cellmate
who .maligned the United States
Federal Judge Landis at once
recalled Taylor to court and
vacated his sentence of one
year. Freed, Taylor hied him
self to a British recruitiuj sals
sion end enlisted.
PRESEfJT BATTT E
Germans find French Resist
ance Very Firm at Every
Point Attacked J
CAUSE ENEMY LOSS
Jany Boys Among Prisoners
Taken Show German Mail
Power Waning . ! 1
By Henry Wood V
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The French Armies in The
Field, June 11. The Germans engag
ed betwen 20 and' 30 divisions (240,-.
)00 to 360,000 men) in the new drive
up to midnight, feeding battalion after
battalion with prodigality, nncquallud
in any previous phase of the effecsive.
Heroic French resistance which neces
sitated this constant feeding changed '
completely the entire character of Ger
man tactics from those which largely
insured the success of previous drives.
By counter attacking locally at every
point on the entire front from Mont-
Jidicr to Noyon, almost every minute,
tho French kept the Hun first line
troops almost constantly engaged, thus
preventing them from being superseded
by recurriug waves of fresh troops.
Iu every counter attack the French
succeeded in taking prisoners along the
entire battlo front, who unanimously
declare the German losses are frightful.
French troops participating in these
innntfti nttfii.ks nla find hpnna nf bnehja
French cavalrymen, fighting afoot on
tho summit of LP Plemont plateau, who
succeeded in escaping after th,eir post- "
tion had been entirely surrounded, de
claved that previous to their departure
tlAir pitnttlajail t!nltnnn iilfantrv II.
Great Artillery Duel
The battlo Is accompanied by one of
the .fiercest artillery duels of the war. -
Owine to the Germans' slow advance.
tli.ey have been able to bring up their
light guns but the heaviest are still fir
inn from their original positions which
are constantly under French bombard
Despite the incredible amount of m-
ttiial engaged" and the unequalled mus
ses of men constantly fofl in, the wer-.
mans, at the most extreme point of their
advance last night, have averaged only
flvfl kilometers (about three miles) pen
etration a day.
The French airmen continue to main
tain an incontestable superiority, con
stantly bombing and machine gunninjr
German columns and inflicting the
heaviest losses, which the aviators
themselves arcs able t see. The railway
station at Koye was observed in flames,
following a bombardment.
Battle Becomes Slaughter
The new German drive is rapidly be
coming' the fiercest and most cruel bat.
tlo of the war. Into it Hie Germaue
apparently are determined to throw
their last reserves, in a supremo cuor
to separate the alied armies and reach
Paris before America's full participa
tion wrests from then the l"8' hopes of
Already the steady flow Of American.
Italian and British reserves in France,
coupbd with the terrific, losses inflict
ed on the Germans since March 21 prae-
ticallv has wiped out the numerical su
periority with which the Germans open
ed the offensive.
it is certain that if the allies hold out
two months lonfvcr the Americans, at
the present rate- of arrival will give
them an iucontcstlblo and crushing su
periority. As a consequence, the French are re
sisting in the battle with extreme en
ergy, equalled only by the- prodigality
with which the Germans are rushing up
their lust reserves.
Both Sldee Were Beady.
No longer is it a secret that the
French expected the present attack end
were as fully prepared as effectives end
material would permit. It is likewise)
known that the Germans knew that the
French expected the attack yet facing
the heav losses which such situation
necessarily must ntail; the enemy un
hesitatingly attacked. - - :
On both wings, where the French ere
doggedly holding out, villages like Cour
fiano.ik1 tiiknrt AUArY few
hours, day and night, since the. battle
began. The last carrier pigeons from L
Plemont, which was completely eu-
circ'.'d, brought word that the irenen
were still holding out, auneugn iney
now possibly have been submerged. -Center
of German Attack. -The
Germans stil are making their
greatest effort in the Matz valh-y for
the purpose of reaching the Oise above
Compiegne, thus forcing evacuation of
the entire Noyon salient, where, at th
(Continued oa pg: two)