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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1918)
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Editorial Page of The Capital Jouma
CHARLES H. FISHES
Editor ud rnhlukr
Me.y 2, 1913
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PUBLISHED ETEBT EVENING EXCEPT 8UKDAT, SALEM, OREGON, BT
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
L B. BARKER
CIIAS. H. FISHER,
DORA C. ANDRESBN,
8. and Treat.
KEEP ON CONSERVING FOOD
FULL LEASED WIRE TEl.KGHAl'lI ItBl'OUT
W. D. Ward, New Tork, Tribune Building.
W. H. 8toekwll, People'i Gaa Building
Favorable crop reports continue to come in and it
looks as though 1918 is to be the banner year for wheat
production. The acreage is lareer than ever and the con-
piiy by carrier, per 5oo p Month e dition above the average at this time of the year. While
Dally by mall, per year 3.00 Per Month ............. .3u I. . . i . , , .,
li io wu caiijr iu ihxac any iigures as 10 me curn crop, n
is known there is an increase in acreage, and the weather
conditions so far are highly favorable. While the promise
of abundant foodstuffs is bright, it is the part of wisdom
to continue our food conservation methods, at least. If
the war is to last over another year, which seems prob
able, it will be necessary to supply our allies and also
many neutrals with wheat products and what next year's
crop will be no one can guess. We can, however, save
from this year's surplus to help us tide over the demand
next year should the crop be short and the time to stave
off trouble over crop shortage next year is in advance,
The recent primaries were full of surprises some of and beginning right now. When the war is over will be
which they are still unloading. Of all these none were. time enough to begin to arrange for getting back on the
.a , 1 t I 1 1 ( Li J lAl l il .H .1 1
greater than that yesterday when irom a ieaa 01 aium way 01 living, ana cms Dy cn9 way win not he done,
The Capital Journal carrier boyi are Instructed to put the papera on the porch. If
, the carrier dues not do thia, mimics you, or neglects getting the paper to you on time,
1 kindly phone the circulation manager, aa tula la the only way we can determine whether
i c not the carriers are following Instructions Phone Main HI before T :30 o'clock and a
paper will be sent you by special messenger If the carrier baa uilsaed you.
TDK DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL
la the only newspaper In Nalein whose circulation is guaranteed by the
Audit Bureau of Circulations.
SOME ELECTION SURPRISES
By JANE PHELPS .
t The Woman Who Changed ;
couple of thousand Frank J. Miller of the Public Service
Commission dropped back until his opponent was about
600 ahead, and apparently has the nomination. It will be
another surprise if he does not, for with the vote yet to
be counted it seems impossible for Miller to ' overcome
this lead. The result was made possible no doubt by the
action of the commission last year granting the Portland
Railway, Light & Power company the right to charge the
citizens of Portland six cents for a fare that the company
had agreed should not exceed five. The company made a
showing that it was losing money, the five cent fare not
being sufficient to meet current expenses and interest,
The patrons of the cars, however, looked at it that they
were being made to pay six cents for what was promised
them for five, and they became angered because of it
The candidacy of Commissioner Miller gave them the first
opportunity to express an opinion as to the commission s
ruling, and Miller got the results.
We think the voters have made a mistake in defeating
Mr Miller, since he has seemed always a conscientious,
hard-working official, well equipped for the position he
has held for several years.
Judge Percy R. Kelly of this district, who made the
race for the supreme court justiceship has been beaten
by a majority of something more than 2,000. The returns
from districts other than Multnomah county gave him a
lead of 5,983, but Portland went strongly against him on
a question of geography alone. It was one of the strong
est campaign arguments against him and in favor of
Johns, that Multnomah county had no representation on
the supreme bench other than Justice McCamant who was
slated to resign. It was this circumstance alone that
caused Judge Kelly to be second in the race instead of
first. However he may well feel proud of the vote he
received from the state at large and especially so of that
of his district. Marion county gave him in round num-!
bers 4,000 to 1.500 against him, or more than two and a
half times the vote given his two opponents. His friends
regret his defeat, yet this is tempered by the knowledge
that we still have him with us on the district bench.
The war has changed the American people from a meat
eating nation to one ot wider range of food. Vegetables
will hereafter find a more prominent place on the Amer-
111 11 Jw .1.... m
ican menu, and this partly irom the lact that we have
learned to do without such great quantities of meat and
partly because the prices of all meats will be high for
tome years at least and so be above the reach of the
many. The potato is occupying the position of honor on
the family tables in this country just now and will retain
it after the war is over. Most of us can go back to wheat
bread quite easily, and there will be no shortage when
once the American built ships get on the run and the
submarines cease irom troubling,
Sinn Feiners need expect no sympathy from the Amer
ican people. We are not wasting our sympathy on
slackers, on able bodied men who deliberately refuse to
fight for their freedom and that of the world. Ireland
wants home rule, a separate government, yet if sne had it
it would not be a year until England or some other
nation would have to intervene to make the Erin go
Bragh folks behave. They would get along trying to run
their own government like a house afire. The opposing
1 T 1 , ... ...... ' '
elements in Ireland are the irresistible force and the im
movable body, met. ;
The trouble at the penitentiaiy is not yet settled.
Warden Murphy, it is claimed, has stated that he and
Rurns could not both remain at the prison, and at the
same time says he does not intend to resign. This evi
dently means that if Burns does not resign he will be
officially decapitated. Undoubtedly the most difficult
place to fill of all those on the state's list is that of warden
at the prison. Few men are naturally qualified for this
job; and of these apparently fewer still get a chance to
try their, hands at it. It requires firmness, and strict
discipline, absolute equality as between all prisoners, no
playing of favorites as between the incorrigibles and the
trusties, so far as the violation of rules is concerned, and
on top of this a natural gift in-the way of understanding
human nature, and judging of men, A man may make
good in almost any position and yet fall far short of
making a good manager of criminal wards of the state.
Undoubtedly matters at the prison are far from satis
factory, to those in charge, as they are to all who know
anything as to the conditions. Whether they will be bet
tered soon remains to be seen. They certainly will not
unless discipline is enforced..
The Russian situation becomes more complex daily.
With the bolsheviki doing battle with the Turks, the
kaiser's ally, and whipping them too, there is soon going
to be something doing between the sultan and Kaiser
Bill. The former is not going to take a licking from a
nation with which its ally, the nation that persuaded it to
get into all the trouble that has ccme to it, is at peace.
The Hohenzollerns are carrying water on so many shoul
ders that some of it is pretty certain to get spilled.
Salem is "over the top" in the Red Cross drive and
still going strong. This quickly successful drive shows
that our people are simply getting the habit of giving as
well as coming . to the realization that the war can only
be won if all the resources of the nation are placed be
hind the government. Each succeeding drive will for this
reason be less difficult than the one that preceded it.
To correct a wrong impression, created bv the dailv
escapes from the state prison, we will state on good
authority that there are still a number of convicts resid
ing in that institution. Those remaining there evidently
are satisfied with conditions and have no desire to change
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Second Installment of Twenty Per Cent on Third
Liberty Bonds will be due May 28, 1918.
Governor Withycombe will probably poll only about
15 per cent of the registered republican vote of the state,
although an easy winner. If the flection were held im
mediately he would still be able to poll that 15 per cent
probably but not more.
A Pennsylvania woman is credited with having caught
200 skunks, the hides of which she traded off and invested
the money in Liberty bonds. This is admittedly going
some and also going strong.
4 -- .
by Walt Mason
FOUR YEARS AGO
Four years ago the red god Mars was rest
ing, drowsy, on his throne; and so we talked
of choo-choo cars, and small beer gossip was
our own. Then trifling things important
seemeu, the twaddle was our stock in trade;
reformers o'er the country screamed you
will recall the noise they made. Bridge
whist employed the lazy dames at country
clubs throughout the land; and stories or
the baseball games at eventide were in de
mand. Would Jinks be chosen county clerk,
. j ut vvuuiu iie run against neieaif discuss.
yjw rugij ing this our jaws we'd work, for hours to-
getner on the street. Would Willard get
the dinge s goat? That was one theme of long ago. Were
girls entitled to the vote, or should they stay at home and
sew The neighbors used to come at night and talk with
me of many things; and we would whoop around and
fight o'er cabbages and cats and kings. But since the war
flags were unfurled and battle eagles raised their scream,
it seems we're in another world; the old time planet wis
a dream. The country clubs are drear and bare, no gig
gles from their porches rise;- the girls no longer gather
there, to see who gets the booby prize. And men have
learned to think grave thoughts, and let the beer and
skettles go; to plan how they may hand some swats, bv
sacrifices, to the foe.
We had a simple aul very quiet din
ner ou the. train, then, as we were all
pretty well tired out, we went to bed.
TH train reached Moreland early in the
morning, but I wag awake long beforu
it was time to get up.. I lay thinking
ot David how I should miss him: It
!ad 'jcxb a perfect joy to kav him, in
spite ot my fear that he would feel that
1 vas neglected and would tell mother
We liid breakfast at home. Then, as
sarn as Oeorge had left for tha office
lavid and I walked over to see Evelyn
The mode us Itll her all about our trip
ami was U'.:igntea with tho handker
chiefs I had brought her.
' ' ' -i':'i-"se you will bo going away
soxnt" ah..; said to me.
" '. os, in about ten days. I dread it ' '
''Isn't he foolish f" Evelyn said to
Mavii. ' Xlie idea of dreading a trip to
Newport and Bar Harbor."
"I. too, think your trip will be a nice
oi c your vacation, rather," David re
sponded, "It will be awfully jolly to
boot and fish."
. "The boys are great for out doors".
"Haw; you seen Morton, lately J"
she asked me. "I met him about three
days ago, and he said he was inoorsol
able because you had gone to New York
He is anxious to work on the picture."
"T have a sitting today. Don't you
and David want to walk up there with
nit and sfe how the mmim n trottine
alongf I'll telephone Celeste she ncedu't
!fo with me today, if you will."
"I'd love to! Perhaps Merton will
iuk us to luncheon again. Have you met
Liui."" she asked David.
David Is Frank.
Yes, tho first night I came, He
Sbems to like Sis. He said a lot about
iiei picture and sort of bragged about
"oa silly boy," I interrupted, cm
"Morton does like Helen. We all do'
"Stop talking about nw and come on
Morton will be cross if I am late". So
talking and laughing, we all three went
tu the studio.
Do you suppose you can keep quiet
wiin so many looking at youf " Merton
wtcud, after he had greeted us, and
scolded nw a bit for running away.
uu, yes, i non t nana David, nor
ltvevu, half as much as I do you," 1
confessed, then blushed furiously be
cause I had said it.
I . . . have . . , missed
you." he said so low the others did not
1 took the pose he suggested, my mind
in a wiun. vvny was l so nuoasei that
Merton Gray, successful artist and
jopular man about town, should miss
mei I concluded it was because he had
Icen the first, almost the only man, who
.art made me feel at case when I first
came to Moreland,
David and Evclvtj sat in the blow win
dow looking at a book of etchings. The
stuilio was very quiet when Hubert, Mer
ton's man, came in and spoke quietly
lo nun. Morton trowned, but nodded as-
nt. In a moment there was a soft rap.
swi.su of skirts, and in eaino Madge
Luring ami Julia Collins.
The draperies at the window effect
uai.v hid David and Evclvn. I saw Mrs.
Coiuiis look around, then saw a sneer
ink look, followed by one I could not
uuuti stand. It was as if she wore pleas
ed at something.
Jumping at Conclusions.
"I 8o,o you've dispensed with Celeste
I don't blame you," she said. "It is
much more cozy, here, by youiselvig.
1 hen, i lench mauls areu t to be truct
"What do you meant" I said quick
ly, my lace flushing, my heart thump
ing so it seemed thev must hear it.
"Oh, don't get excited! I only meant
that even innocent things took ou an
air of romance to the 1'rench. servant."
Suddenly I was very cool. I shook
my head at Morton. He had lwcn about
to speak, to c.xplaiu. I knew that was in
his mind, by the way he glanced toward
" ies, 1 think you are right," 1. said
(ol-.lly, remembering how pleased Mis.
Sexton had been wh.cn I had come out
Mmad of Julia Collins once before, by
keeping eool. "And Y0lr, surely, should
kuow; Celeste told me she had a friend
who worked for vou at private uiniU
And, you know, French maids talk to
Merlon turned away to hide the smile
t.YinVung on his lips, and Mrs. Luring
"What are you two scrapping
ah-vilif I can fairiv see your claws Ju
lia." Oh, pardon inel" I exclaimed, "but
I so want you to meet my brother. Da
wtl! ' 1 called. "Come and meet some
of ( eurge'g friends. My brother, David
Viil ier, Mis. Collins, and Mrs. Loring"
t purposi'.y spoke of him first, instead
of following the correct manner of pre
.iviiiauou. "And i.velyn, came out from
NihiiiU those curtamcl oa know both
ladies. If we had a French maid here
"lie wv.ild suy ih vou and David had
souis sort of an affair, I am sure!
Wenl,!i;'t she, Mrs. Collins?"
- . ro.ai-rriy.Y--Mrs. Coilias Attempts a
Murry L Hart Now
. Murray L. Hart, who was formerly
with the Loiu plant in S!em, ia now
among those at Camp l-ewis. He wrifes
.1. E. Aitanw. navy recruiting officer
in pari, as ionows:
"Everything is coin? alonir fino
here mi I like it first rate- I am with
Only About Half
the Steer is Beef
Live Weight 1200 pounds
Dressed Weight 672 pounds of Beef
When Swift & Company
buys a steer weighing
1200 pounds, only about
672 pounds goes to market
as beef; the other 528
pounds consists of hide,
fats, other by-products,
When the packer pays 15
cents a pound for a steer, he sells
the meat to the retailer for about
22 cents. But the packer gets only
about 9 cents a pound for the
other 528 pounds.
This means that the packer
gets about Wz cents a pound
for all the products from a steer
for which he pays 15 cents.
The difference of W2 cents per
pound covers the cost of dress
ing, preparation of by-products,
freight on beef to all parts of the
United States, operation of dis
tributing houses, and leaves a
net profit of only about !4 of a
cent per pound on all dressed
Large volume of business and
utilization of parts that were
formerly wasted, make this
Year Book of interesting and instructive
facts sent on request
Address Swift St Company,
Union Stock Yards, Chicago, Illinois
Swift & Company, U. S. A.
the 44th infantry, mrsr all old timers
and tail regulars, Xcdhino- rlmfte
about us, although everything else in
camp ia drafted men.
" We get a nice hike every Friday
with 50 pound park and rifle. A week
ago we started at 2 o'clock in the mor
ing and at 6:30 oVhxk pitched tent
and cooked breakf. Some different
from civilian life but I like it."