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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 23, 1918)
(22,000 EEADEKS) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Giutr
intted by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
and Friday fair,
cooler east por
tion tonight ;frost
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 122
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND irrw
BTANDS F!V -.
fill 5" Mf BWi
fl! n "
More Than One Hundred
Women Nurses, Patients
and Attendants Were Killed
In Recent German Air Raid
Upon Hospitals Nurses
Work Calmly On While
Bombs Explode About Them
Commander of German
Air Squadron, Wounded and
Captured, Is Now Patient
In One of Hospitals He
Bombed Explains That He
Not See Red Cross
By William Philip Simnis
(lrnit."d Press Staff Correspondent)
With the British Annies in France,
M:iy 22. More than 100 women ni'lses
patients and attendants were killed or
wounded in a raid on a large number of
hospitals by German airmen.
In this, the latest Prussian air attack
a score of huge Uotha airplanes circled
over the objective where the Eod Cross
was plainly visible, dropping a number
of bombs of enormous size to smash the
buildings and a still greater number
of small shrapnel bombs to kill nurses
and wouud.'d. The shrapnel was timed to
burft at the level of the ground so as
to insure the greatest possible destruc
tion of life.
British aviators and anti-aircraft guns
battled with the Hun squadron, bring
ing down the enemy commander's ma
chine. 1 visited the scene of the bombing to
day. Huts about the hospitals were In
splinters. One hulf of the entire hospital
where the greatest death roll was post-
...1 I. ...J 1 .J! 1 TV" !..
eu, uuu Hiuiusi uisuppcuieu. Aeaiuy
was a crater, fifteen teet ncioss and ten
feet dvop, where a large bomb fell on
the nurses' quarters.
Crippled with shrapnel Tiomb frag
ments, those who witnessed the attack
told me they never had seen anything
o wonderful as the courage of the wom
en during the raid, which "began nt
10:20 p. ui. and lastod for two hoyrs.
Dugouts were provided them in case of
danger, but none deserted the patients.
Many of these latter were very bad
cases of horrible compound fractures,
with open wouads, necessitating suspen
sion in harness. Other poor chaps were
strapped, in bed in order that their
bones would knit straight. The slight
est movement for any of these men not
only was agonizing but extremely dan
gerous. Throughout two solid hours, while an
endless chain of German bombers swirl
ed across the hospital area, dropping
high explosives on the helpless victims
below, women wont smilingly from on.-'
(Continued on page two)
t Abe Martin
You tan't quit drinkin' without
showin' it. It seems t disappoint some
folks t ' agree with 'em.
FEW BOMBS DROPPFD
British Air Squadrons Go Over
K Enemy Lines As Far As
City of Metz ;
ANOTHER RAID ON PARIS.
Paris, May 23. An air attack on
Paris last night, consisting of two dis
tinct raids, was officially announced
The first enemy squadron failed to
reach the city, being turned back by
an aerial barrage. There were no vic
tims from thin attack.
The second raid was made In several
relays of machines. Although met with
another violent aerial barrage, this at
tack resulted in a number of bombs be
iug dropped in the Paris area.
London, May 23. British air forces
in raids Tuesday and Tuesday night,
duopped several tons of bombs on enemy
strongholds in Belgium and Germaif, it
was officially announced today.
Some of the airplanes penetrated as
far as Motz, it .was stated, bombing the
railway station in that plae'o. The rail
way yards at Liege were attacked and
) WO tntlS ff llidlihu Tl-nrn ,1 rnnPil nnnn
a chemical plant at Mannheim. Thr.?e
flies were started in the latter city.
During the same period, 1fi enemy
airplanes were brought down, while two
I others were forcd down out of control
jiud two balloons were .destroyed. Anti
I aircraft guns disposed of two other
Allies Are Most Active.
London, May 23. The allies maintain
theTr superiority in raiding operations
along tlv west front, it was shown in
(Continued on page two)
ONE IS FROiV
Harvey T. Palmer, of Hills
dale, One of Eleven Dying
Washington, May 23. Eighty-six
casualties listed by the war department
today included fourteen killed in ac
tion; twelve dead of wounds; eleven
of disease; thirty-nine wounded severe
ly and nine wounded slightly; one
missing in action.
Lieutenant James Palache of Farm
ington. ConnT.-died of wounds; Lieuten
ant John T. McGuirc, St. Louis und
Lieutenant Hugh L. Sutherland, Ben
oit, Miss., were severely wounded.
The list follows:
Killed In Action.
Sergeant Clem Hobbs, Bed Oak, Iowa.
Corporals John C. Foster, Greenfield,
111.; Charles J. Guartha, Springfield,
Mass.; James G. B. Lighthall, Cohoes.
N. Y.; Harvey T. Bimel, Pacific Junc
Privates William Brogan. St. Louis,
Mo.; George J. Browne, Brooklyn, N.
Y.; Joseph H. Coyne, Brighton. Mass.;
Edward S. Harkins, Salem, Mass.;
Max L. Hubbell, Atlantic, Iowa; Ed
ward H. Lamont, Yonkers', N. Y.; John
Maciejkowicz, Brooklyn. N. Y.; Albeti
Tragweki Nutley, N J.; Eopin Vor
asoska, Volisk, Russia.
Died of Wounds.
Lieutenant James Palache, Farming
Sergeants Walter L. Brown. El Paso,
Texas; Raymond J. Cairola, Fort Lee,
Corporals Miles Douglas. Rockford.
Mich.; William C. Greifsu, Colwyn. Pa.
(Continued on pa go six)
German Rifle Stories
Are All Unfounded
New York, May 23 Deputy
Attorney General Alfred L.
Becker today rejiorted to gov-
eminent authorities that he
had completed an investigation
of reports of huge stores of
German-owned rifles, machine
guns end ammunition, bidden ,
near New York aud found the '
Oregon Over Top
In Red Cross Drive
Portland. Or-, May 23. Ore
gon has exceeded it Red Cross
quota of 600,000.
Red Cross headquarters here
reported ot 10:15 o'clock that
the state had subscribed $625,
i War Summary r of United Press j
1390th Day of the War; 64th Day of the Big Offensive j
American front The official com
munique issued at American headquar
ters last night stated that artillery
fire had died down en ail American
sectors and that there were no new de
velopments. Fred S. Ferguson, cabling from the
Pieardy front said the Germans there
are making no raids and are withdraw
ing from their front lines every night,
apparently in an fffort to prevent
Americans taking prisoners who might
divulge some of the .plaus for resump
tion of the offensive.
Uuitdd States , Provosh Marshal
General Crowder announced that after
July 1 all men not in useful o.cupa
Hons who are now listed in deferred
draft classes must engage in useful
war work or be drafted into tho ar
my. A (ashing:t.cn -dispatch said tlilat
Major General Wool, former chief of
staff, soon wi'l be in foreign service
probably in comnnaid of a turps on the
British front Field Marshal Haig
reported hostile artillery fire on por
tions of the Picardy 'and Flamder bat
tle fronts Sast night, and minor raid
ing operations. "
IN FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION
Famous Organization Which
Recaptured Hangard Wood
By Henry Wood
(I'niled Press staff correspondent
With the French Foreign Legion iu
tlio Field, May 22. Fifty seven na-
'. tions were represented in the famous
trench foreign legion when on March
2v4n one of the bloodiest battles of
the German offensive, It ri'totok Hun
gard wood. This action, with the sim
ultatneous British attack on the left,
which resulted in capturing Villcrs
llretonncux completely wiped out the
progress the Germans made in their
second drive against Amiens.
In this historic battle of all nations
the nature of which only became
known when the legion was replaced
by American units and was withdrawn
for reforming ten Cen'tial and South
American countries were represented.
Tlio legion, in fact, Is now largely
recruited from these Latin American
countries of tho new world. The nations
in this category which already have
declared! war against Germany thus
have been enabled to contribute im
mediate miliretry help.
Soldiers from Argentina, Brazil,
Chile, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia,
Uruguay. Pern, -Cuba and Mexico, ae.-i
quitted th'enwlves .with traditional
legioiiaire here ism. Sergeant -Colas, !
who was wounded four times during!
tho legion's rapture of Mort Homme in
August, rceived two new and teverej
wounds from which he is now recover-1
ed. Captain1 Bohinez received a cita-1
tion for his gallantry.
(Following the legion-' capture of '
Hangard wood and portions of the Vil-
lers-Bietonneux plteau, the Germans,
launched seven successive counter at-
tacks without foiving the lt'nionaires j
to flinch, despite the latter 's extreme-
ly heavy losses. Yet, when the battle
Believed That Former Chief
of Staff Will Soon Com
mand Corps In France
Washington, May 23. Major General
Leonard Wood, senior major general on
the army list, will soon be in foreign
His friends in the army predict he
will be a corps commander soon after he
shows himself on the western line.
Wood, early this year, studied con
ditions abroad and came Uack here with
a number of critical observations. As
a storm center in war department af
fairs for many years, he aroused offi
cials by his statement, but th.?y denied
that any attempt to sidetrack him would
be made. It is now established that
foreign service is assured him.
Distinctive American participation in
the west line battling on a larre scale
lis likely at a comparatively early mo
jment, army officers said today.
The first field army will be assigned
its place on the front, becoming a semi
independent army for offense and de
fense, without heed to movements of
other forces elsewhere except as gov
erned by general strategical plant.
The field army commander will be
responsible to General Pershing, but
will have to solve for himself most of
the operation plans.
William Philip Simnis cabled that
German airmen, in their latest air raid
on hospitals, killed or wounded more
than a hundred women ntirses. wound
ed i:ieu aud attendants. In an aerial
battle that ensued, the German flight
commander was brought down and is
now being nursed by the companions
of the women 'he and his men killed.
Fieuck front Henry Wood cabled
that the famous French foreign le
gion, which has been wlthilmwn from
the Amicus front to- recuperate, has
been replaced there bv ait American di
This unit, which comprises fifty
seven different jiiatiionalities, retook
Haugard and -ipurtiouft of 'the Villers
Ereti nneux plateau ok Mur-h 2(1, thus
wiping out all the territory gained by
the Germans, in their second drive.
Ilangard-Kn-Sauterre is on the north
bank of the Luce rivet, nine miles and
a half southeast fif Amiens. Hangard
is a mile to the north. Villers-Breton-neux
is two miles aiiifc a half north of
Ilaiigard-Eii-Santcrre. '". The Americans
on this sector previously were brigad
ed with the French 'between Hanj.anl
En Snntc.rre and Haines, three miles
to the 'southwest at the junction of the
Luce and Avre.
was over and the legion was ordered
withdrawn, every jnan insisted on re
maining overnight for the purpose of
crawling 'oult on tho shell-swept battle
field 'to recover tho bodies of their
dead. All of the bodies were thus found
and cameidi off.
As a result of this battle, the le
gion, which already has six citation
entitling each member to-wear the red
"fourragere" of the Legion of Honor,
is assured a seventh. other French
unit has ever attained' sueh an honor.
Only three Americans still remain in
tha legion. All are expert machine gun
ners and each has the eroix do guerre.
They are now awaiting transfer to the
Among the other nationalities which
participated in the great battle are Ca
nadians, Filipinos, Japanese, Armen
ians. Russians, Luxeniburgers, Spanish,
1 alians and Swiss. Tho three latter
comprise many contingents in the le
gion. All of the Poles and Czechs re
cently were transferred to their own
separate armies and are now fighting
on the French front.
Deputy Warden Burns
WillRemain On Job
C. E. Burns, deputy warden at the
prison has withdrawn his resignation
and will remain with the job. This in
dicates either that Warden Murphy
will quit or that lie lias changed his
mind for he stated not long ago that
the prison was not big enough to hold
Burns and himself. This was probably
said while out of humor and the"warden
has thought better of it. The governor,
warden and Bums held a conference
yesterday nt the prison and it is under
stood the governor told Burns and otter
prison employes that tho wardeu's or
ders must be obeyed at all times. It is
stated he reprimanded Burns, who ad-j
inittea nis iiisiukc, upoiogiz.cu una .im
whole matter was amicably adjusted.
It was the posting of a gun guard in
the dining room in contravention to
the -warden's orders that caused the
trouble, this being done by Burns while
the warden was chasing after Baldwin.
of Republican Club
New York, May 23. Colonel Roose
velt has been reinstated as a member
of the Republican club and the large
oil painting of him that was taken down
in 1012 has been dusted off and re-hung
in a place of honor near one of Wil
liam Howard Taft.
Bosevelt was dropped from the rolls
of the club when the split occurred in
the republican party in 1912.
In a letter today to Secretary Wil
liam H. Dennison, he said:
"My Dear Mr. Dennison!
"I am very much pleased, indeed, at
the action of the executive committee.
I acept with the utmost pleasure and
I shall be around at the elub very soon.
"With hearty thanks, and all good
wishes to my fellow members, faithfully
FOREIGNERS VTLu BE DEAFTED
Son PraiiipifiM. Mav 23. Foreiirn
citizenship does not exempt anybody (
from draft registration, Federal Judge
Dooling had ruled today.
A rinmtirrnr bv United fttaltes Dis
trict Attorney Preston was upheld by'
Judge Dooling, aenying a wru or na
beas Corpus to Thomas J. Boole. Brit-,
ish nubject, who corrtended that he
didn't have "to register because he is
oat n American citizen.
GERMAN COLD WAS
USED TO ENHANCE
Ample Evidence Is Placed Be
fore Jury by Federal Pros
. eculors Today
Chicago, Mav 23. "German gold"
to keep toe I. W. W. afloat was men
tioned in the government s evidence
today against 112 lead'is of that or
ganization on tria here for alleged anti
Dun Bucklev. nrrested in Minncnno-
lis in the wholesale raids on the I. W.
VV. last September, was charged with
writing, a month previously, to Joe Fo-
y, who was indicted but escaped:
"If wo have to go put up snma of
money for every vagrancy case, we will
need a large supply of German gold in
order tnnt we may Keep anoat. rnc
kaiser has evidently forgotten us and
we can't fight the capitalist class with
Defense Attorney George Vandeveer
declared that this was a "joking re
mark" on Buckley's part. Th. prose
cutors read the letter to the jury with
Buckley's letter, read as evidence to
(1ay contributed "muscular unionism"
a new term, which the government in
sisted meant sabotage,
"Mr. Block and Mr. Scissorbill (I. W.
W, slang for opponents) must receive
large doses of scientific sabotage," read
the letter. "We have been too ladylike
in the pnst. We must enforwj muscular
Buckley was wroth at what he termed
"the persecution of our members in
Montana." Ho suggested in a letter that
"it takes something els? besides legal
means to stop these r-:cials from im
prisoning our members, It sterns to me
there is a species of animal in and
around Montana called tho sab-cat; try
and cultivate the habits of this peculiar
Aud later be wrote George, Barnes at
. "instead f spending money nn law
yers, a few 'sab-eats could obtain bet
ter results." t
"Sabo" was even used in tlio movies
"to create more work," according to
a letter Pete McEvoy, San Francisco
defendant, was charged" with writing at
Los Angeles in April 1916. "Sabo has
bueu a great factor in forcing the mas
ter to retake pictures," said the letter
Activity to organize the Japanese on
(Continued on page six)
HAKE MORE TROUBLE
Resentment Stronger In Hol
land As Food Shortage
Becomes More Acute
Washington, May 23 A second ship
ping controversy is impending regard
ing disposition of Dutch ships former
ly under charter by the shipping board
n'ml lint included in the recent rennl-
sition by the American government. Thy
owners of seven Dutch vessels, aggre
(rntimr fortv thousand tons, whose char
ters have expired, have refused to re
charter th.'iii to the shipping board. Not
having been included in the requisition
order, they cannot be forced into Amer
ican service at present.
This government, it is understood, lias
refused to allow tli"se ships to load and
clear for Holland the result being that
they are tied up at Atlantic ports.
Charters of several other ships, which
soon will expire under similar condi
tions; will not be renewed, it is said.
This will l"ave several thousand tons
lying idle, unless a new requisitioning
order is made. Such action, however,
will be resented even more strongly
than the first seizure, officials declare.
With tk food situation in Holland
daily becoming more acute, resentment
toward the United States increasing, it
U learned officially that any further
delay in the victualling program will
accentuate the crisis.
I. W. W.febcr Also
Radical German Adherent
Portland. Or., May 23. Sabotage
methods of the I. W. W. were disclosed
today in federal court when Carl
Swelgin, naturalized Prussian, is on
trial charged with perjuring himself
to 'ft'm naturalization papers.
Deputy United States Marshal Ber
ry testified Swelgin told him it was
fine thing-to put emery dust in ma
chinery oil, thus stopping machinery
engaged in producing war munitions.
Berry said Swelgin told bim he fav
ored meddling with the American
powder so that it would not explode
when needed in rrance.
Swelgin is a radical I. W. W. He
has memorized the I. W. W. constitu
ALL MEN SUBJECT
TO DRAFT MUST GO
Provost Marshal General
Crowder Announces Plan
for New System
"SPORTING MEN WILL
BE SEIZED AT ONCE"
May Break Up Baseball No
Vocation Is Excuse for
Washington, May 23. All men sub
ject to draft hereafter "must do nien'n
work or fight."
This rule, operative July, provides
thut all loafers and men not iu useful
occupations listed in deferred draft
cliisses must engiig.;' in useful war work
or be drafted into tho fighting service.
Provost Marshal General Crowder an
nounced today that plan for tis new
system. It will seize at once upon gam-
iilers, race track men, waiters, bartend
ers, club, hotel aud apartment attend
ants, persons engaged or occupied in
games, sports and amusements (with
some exceptions), domestic, servants,
saUs and other clerks of department
stores and mercantile establishments.
Dependency exemptions will not pro
tect men thus classified.
Local boards will conduct the weeding
out process. They are empowered to
summon beofre them the idlers and the
non-essential workers listed above, give
(Continued on page seven)
Authorities, However, Believe
Man To Be Only Mentally
Portland, Or' May 23 Police ar
rested today a man giving tho name
of Williams and have turned him over
to tho United Siates authorities for
The man is (believed to bementiilly
unbalanced and has told tonflieting
stories. These, coupled with the fact
that he said he walked hero from Con
tralia, Wash., caused tlio report that
he might be William Horner, wanted
in connection with the Kelso murders.
This man, however, weighs nearly
200 (pounds, whereas llorner is a small
Tho United States district attorney
took charge of Williams, who is sus
pected of being an alien enemy.
New Facts Obtained
Kelso, Wash., May 23. Sheriff Stu
dc baker Obtained ' new fai'ts on tlio
triple mui'dcr of the William Horner
family tday that, caused him to be
lieve that he has a pood chance to
catch Horner, suspwted of the crimes.
The sheriff found a man who said he
i4r fho Horner automobile standing
by tho tent just off itho Pacific high
way Sunday aftornoou. This would in
dicate tlio murders were effected Bun
day night instead of Saturday night
as previously supposed.
"That bring us 24 hours nearer to
Horner," said Btudrlhaker. "I have
been able to cover all points that he
could roach between Sunday night and
Monday night, and I believe wo will
Another man has been found who
saw an old Ford car answering the de
scription of Horner's automobile, and
a driver resembling Horner, at Carls
Point about (1:30 Monday evening.
Thi would indicate - that Horner's
course is south and oast of the moun
tains instead of down Portland way.
Feeling against tho murderer ia run
ning riot here. There has been consid
erable lynn-h talk in the past few
hours following circulation of the re
port that tho murderer evidently mis
treated the thirteen year old Hor
ner girl before killing the family.
Germany Makes Effort
To Control Shipbuilding
Washington, May 23. A far Teach
ing effort by Germany to get ships
with which to gobble up trade after
tha war has been uncovered by the
Steps are now under way to frustrate
this and any similar enemy attempt in
the future by empowering President
Wilson to designate exactly how
' American built ships may be owned by
Bills to this end will soon be taken
tip by congress.
FEAR TO ATTACK
Enemy Takes Every Possible
Precaution to Avoid Loss
Y.M.C. A. Workers In Front
Lines Work On In Midst of
By Fred S. Ferguson
(I'ni ed Press staff correspondent
With tho Amerii'Aiitt tn Pinrlv M,v
22 (.Night) The Germans are taking
the greatest precautions to avoid los
ing prisoners. They have ceased lend
ing out paltrolst and withdraw from
their fro nit lines at night, apparoutly
in an etrort to prevent Americans
from capturing men who might givo in
formation reunrdinir nlnns for reaumn.
tion of the offensive.
Unusual aerial activiittf cn,nt.iniiA
duty and night. A bocne last night flew
so low over the villages directly in
tho rear of tho American front that
ne seemed to perch on the roots.
Buck arena on. Ilnth niflca Bra olmnot
continuously bombed and shelled. Bril
linnt. meoiiiiglut necessitates keeping
to cover almost as eloso as in the day.
A metric ntli Inrtllli.rv tn-iiilv miituhrm! a
, ' 'J J ......v..
tho bodies. A checking up today show
ed that American guns have destroyed
eight German batteries siucCj our men
entered this swtor. Ten were put out
of action and only two of dheso have
Y. M. C. A. Men in Danger
With the Americans in Piciirdv, May'
(Xiighit) in the midst of an ene
my ocmbaidiiient of a .certain poms
near the trout, with high explosives,
shrapnel and gas thefts, two V. M. (J.
A. jueu stuck to thiir poa.8, aiding tho
wounded and entertaining the others.
Thopo men were Frank West of Madi
son, V is, and b. A. Slarks of Alout
clair N. J.
W he iii the ilKmilwirdincut was at its
height with shells whistling over head
and burs ing everywhere they carried
a phonograph into a dugout aiud start
ed up Harry lender's "itoautiful Sun
day. ' everybody ignored tho shells
and joined in singing about how "it a
nice to :get up in tho morning but it s
nicer to stay in bed "
West worked tirelessly day and
night until the officeis discovered he
has beeu gassed. Then they forced him
to go to tho roar. His condition is not
A shell exploded so near to Sltarka
that ho was thrown against the sides
of a dugout. Ho is Buttering slightly
from shell shox'li, .
West's quarters is In a dugout
whero ho 'ban canned pears Bad peach
i!s chocolate and toJuwo. The soldiers
walk from the front lines at night tt
lo their "shopping ' there. All this
tiakes plaice at night as the dugout is
(Continued on page threejr
Holland Not Sited
With Explanation Made
Washington, May 23. Answering
the American replv to the Dutch ship
seizure, Holland informed the state de
partment that she regards M insuf
ficient the explanation nude by this
The inference is left that she invites
further correspondence to clear up.
the misunderstanding between the two
govcinments over the requisitioning i f
This g'lve'ument is insisting :in:t
Holland send some of its idle shiui.'.Hg
h're to take iway wheat fuved for fcsr.
On the-other herd Holl-.ii. I taku th"
position that the wheat should be sci.t
iu outturns now ueru ami wiai sn
should not be forced to send vessels
out of Holland whenever a wheat car
go goes forward.
No Longer a Citizen
Portland, Or., May 23. Carl Swel
giin, a Prussian and an I. W. W. agita
tor and organizer 'was net a citir-en of
the United States today. '
.Following a trial in whdvA his act
ions and theories were brought out,
United States Judge Wolvertoa revok
ed liis citizenship papers on the ground
Swelgin obtained them by falsely
swearing allegiance to the ' United
The government's evidence, was has
ed almost entirely upon tie recogniz
ed I. W. W. principles as projiounded
by Swelgin, and tb ceurt'a ruling it
taken as a precedent, whiuh hereafter
will threaten I. W. citizens of foceiga
birth. Swelgin will bo interned M a