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FORTIETH TEEAR NO. 265
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1917
TOTmri OS imATNS AND OTEW
MiitUb FT.U-Tv"BI CENTS
M ran d fitrtr 1fi) " - rrlTltlTrTrTr ftrr
TO POWER I N
NEW YORK CITY
Judge Hylan's Plurality Is
Largest In History of the
DEMOCRATS WIN ALL
CITY OFFICES ONCE MORE
Empire State Gives Women
the Full Right of
. LOYALTY EMPHASIZED.
New York, Nov. 7. Loyalty
was not an issue in the New
York mayoralty campaign, Mayor-elect
John F. Hylan declared
today, announcing he would con
tinue to give hearty support to
the president and the war.
"I want to make it plain to
the world that there was no is
sue of loyalty or Americanism
involved," he said. 'There could
he none, for I am as good an
American as any man, as loyal
to my flag, as loyal to my coun
try and as firm and determined
in support of every act of the
government in this was as any
"I ask the editors of the
newspapers in this city and in
other cities to give prominence
to this declaration so that there
will not go abroad to the people
of this country the slightest in
timation that the question of the
war or the war policies of Presi
dent Wilson and the .United
States government are hp- the
slightest way involved."
New Yor., Nov. 7. Tammany is back
in power iii New York today after the
greatest show of strength in its his
tory. John F. Hylan was elected mayor
yesterday by a plurality of more than
147,000. In addition, Tammany captur
ed every borough presidency, the of
Jtee of controller, the presidency of
the board of aldermen, re-elected the
HARD BLOW BY
New York, Nov. 7. Socialist may
oralty candidates and their anti-war
platforms were repudiated by the voters
ju every city ot any- size where they
made a fight, returns showed tnrtnv
Mwood and Gas Citv. m11 X."
Indiann. elected socialist,..
Luther 8. Myers, socialist candidate
for mayor of Terre Haute. thTl""L?
of Eugene V. Debbs, polled onlv 592
votes. Charles Hunter, republican was
V TWO,. J,""' """" "
ewtiKu uy o,uo4.
In some towns the socialists made big lf1!aIeimby 8' , ?'?le0 two to oue aud
ains, but in others they polled fewer.- -Lma soc?a,llst. "'""date ran third
gams, but in others they polled fewer
votes than in previous campaigns when
the peace-war issues was not raised.
In Schnectady, N. Y., one of the first
cities in the country to elect a social
ist mayor, the candidate ran a poor
third. Republicans were elected and the
socialists who campaigned on an anti
war platform, failed to win one office.
Their total vote slumped from 4,010 in
In Akron. O.. the socialist ranfl.Mnta !
ior mayor lost half the votes claimed
um party. , .
its socialist aspirant under a landslide.
Morris Hillqiiit, who made a spectac
ular "immediate peace" campaign for
mayor of New York polled 142,178 votes
He had predicted 250,000. This was,
however, the biggest socialist showing
in this city's history.
- New York socialists elaimed election
of eleven members of the state assem
bly and five aldermen.
Joseph Pan ken, of Ford peace ship
fame, was elected to the municipal court
In Syracuse, N. Y., a heavy socialist
vote was polled in German precincts.
The vote totalled 3,430, but a repub
lican was elected easily.
Socialists polled 8,211 votes in the
mayoralty election in, Rochester, N. Y
in which Mayor Edgerton, republican,
was re-elected. The socialists elected
two aldermen, two supervisors and sev
eral minor ward officials.
Elect No Ohio Mayors.
Columbus, O., Nov. 7. Socialists fail-
loledo snowed the socialist candidate - The most reassuring thing iu the
under two to one. In Lima, 0.t the so-1 election," Governor Cox said todav, "is
eialist finished last. Canton. O.. hiir!7d I the widespread reDiuii
New "York Two million wo
men enfranchised in the state
by suffrage victory. Suffrage
majority will reach 100,000.
Tammany gained entire con
trol of New York city govern
ment, electing John F. Hylan
mayor by greatest plurality in
city's political history.
Approtimntely 65,000 - soldier
votes yet to be counted, but
'11 not affect result. Morris
f O -Iquit, socialist, on anti-war
''orm, ran third, being 7,
! ites behind Mitchel.
1 Ton apparently de
feats -ts leading by' 12,
000 a. v 'ming victory by
from L o 25,000.
All sOi . mayoralty ean
didatcs in Ohio" defeated.' Had
claimed victory in half dozen
New Jersey Local option in
Now Jersey assured by Repub
lican victories in assembly elee
governor, MeCall, and entire
state ticket re-elected by over
W. W. Lufkin elected to con
gress to succeed Augustus P.
Pennsylvania Pentose and
iiru!iibnu(,'h-Vare forces divid
ed honors in Pittsburg. In Phil
adelphia the result is still in
doubt. Soldier votes may de
cide. Connectic.utt Schujvler Mer
ritt, republican, elected to con
gress to succeed the late E. H.
Indiana--Charlc8 Jewett, re
publican, elected mayor over
Lew Bhank, former mayor, run
ning on independent ticket, In-,
diianapoiia. Towns 'of Elwood
and Gas City elected socialist
IHHnois Fusion candidates
for judgeships defeated social
ist candidates by big majori
ties in Chicago.
New Mexico Voted dry.
district attorney and made it a clean
The vote totals, with 22 districts miss
ing out of 2,008 early today were:
Hylan 29.1,386; Mitchel 148,060;. Hill
quit, 138,793; Bennett, 52,828.
Fusion leaders ascribed the defeat
of Mitchel to the fact that Bennet was
also iu the contest.
They declared the republicans refus
ed to follow the advice of their leaders
to vote for Mitchel and, realizing Ben
net had no chance, they swung to Hy
lan as a rebuke to republican leaders.
Hylan's plurality is the biggest in
the history of New York politics. Mit
chel 's plurality, when he was elected
four years ago was 121,209. a record
breaker at that time.
There were wild scenes on Broadway
(Continued on page six.'
ed to elect a mayor in Ohio on their
Incomplete returns today from the
seven cities where they ran strongest
J""?.,1" e extravagant pre-
I""1."","',owtt Cl '""eases at
some points and losses at others, but in
even division on the
Hamilton defeated its socialist pnn-
' "1B .race wun inree otliers. Hamilton
and Lima socialists have been strong
ior years and these cities have had
socialist administrations before there
was a war issue.
The Canton socialist candidate was
snowed uuder. ilut C. K. Rutenuerg, so
cialist candidate - in Cleveland, more
than doubled his mayoralty vote of two
years ago, jus total, however, was in
tne ratio of about one to seven of the
"""anism vote cast for the repub
wherever the issue was raised
Cox was jubilant because the Dayton
socialist candidates, whom he openly
fought, were defeated.
"America is patriotic and reverent
as well," the governor said. "And the
socialist leaders who inveighed against
both God and government have had
"The government should deal severe
ly with socialist soap box agitators. This
war cannot be won by parlor methods."
The presidential surrrage referendum
was defeated by over 100,000 but this
represented a substantial gain for the
women over the previous vote on that
Suffragists drew substantial gains in
the large cities. In 2,462 precincts, 207,
091 votes were cast against suffrage and
172,034 for the measure.
Notable gains were made "by the Cin-
jcinnati and Cleveland socialist mayor
.any candidates, xne Akron socialist can-
didate for mayor slumped 50 per eent
in his, vote.
1 r " va. V w Ui
Premier Kerensky Asks Par
liament to Support His
-Efforts to Govern
Peordgrad, ' NW. 7. Flatly . declar
ing that the Maximalists "threatet to
open the front to Germany," Premier
Kerensky today asked the preliminary
Russian parliament if it would support
tho government in suppression of their
attempts to seize civil and war powers- j
A definite break between the Bol-
sheviki-controlled local Soviet of work
men ana soldiers and tho Russian gen
eral army staff came today.
The Soviet military committee or
dered troops at Poterhof, Pavlovska
and Tsarkoe-Selo to disobey orders
from the war ministry summoning
them, to Petrograd.
Tne government authorities acted
promptly. They disconnected (probab
ly raised the draws) all bridges over
the river connecting tho workmen's
quarters in the city and suppressed
three Maximalist and two reactionary
Kerensky 's open indication that he
proposes to use all governmental pow
ers in crushing the attempt of tho Bol-
siievim ana wnared malcontents of
the extreme radical ranks to control in
rtussia nas been practically forced by
mo anmu -ui. me leaders or tne Petro
grad Soviet Of workmen and soldiers
in canvassing soldiers of the Petrograd
garrison. Through Leon Trotsky, a
Bolshevik! leader, the garrison has
been formally approached and ursed
not to obey any of the eovornmont'a
oraers unless approved by tho military
cumimnee or tue jsoviet.
In his address to the preliminary par
liament Kerensky declared: "Thes
forces must be suppressed."
The congress has not yet acted on
the premier's request.
Sweeping changes in the high army
command were forecast from the dis
missal of General VSrkhovsky as min
ister of war and his transfer to the
The military committee of the So
viet, Kerensky declared "distributed
arms and cartridges to some of the
workmen, ft is therefore necessary to
consider that among a iart of the pop
ulation a revolt has been started.
"The government has ordered the
MEATLESS TUESDAY ADOPTED
."an Francisco, Nov. 7. San Francisco
has adopted "meatless Tuesday" with
That was the belief of food adminis
tration members today, following tos-
teida 's siege of macaroni and cheese,
jiisn stew" ana oaaea beans.
Ail of the large restaurants and ho
tels, liui'dreds of smaller eating places
and thousands of homes observed the
df.y. A few who demanded meat in
restaurants received eonviacine lec
tures from proprietors which convinced
them that next Tuesday they would
be able to struggle along without meat,
Results of Yesterday Wfll
Cause Congress to Enact
New York, Nov: 7. The national suf
frage amendment will be adopted at the
next session of congress as a direct
result of- the franchise victory in New
York, Mrs. Raymond Brown, who or
ganized the vote fight in this state,
"If precedent is followed," Mrs.
Brown declared to the United Press,
"The New York delegation in congress
will be in favor of surf rago hereafter.
That means forty-three votes in the
house and two in the senate. I believe
Presidont Wilson is steadily working to
ward a national suffrago amendment
We, by our victory in New York, have
made it easier for the president to sup
port this legislation.
"There is no doubt but that the
amendment will go through at the next
session. A repudiation of suffrage now
would be a repudiation or tho ideals we
are fighting for in this war. But votes
for women does not mean more women
office holders. We are interested, not
in putting women in office, but in put
ting good men in office. I do not an
ticipate that the number of women in
congress will bo increased, unless some
women comes forward who stands out
as a candidate above all the men in her
"Women, however, will be found in
smaller public offices in increasing num
bers as county treasurers, for instance
as a result of our victory. And you
must say one thing for women they
are always honest in office."
Mrs. Brown was asked whether she
believed the votes of women in New
York would make impossible another
"I wouldn't like to venture that,"
she replied, "but women are always
conservative in their voting."
Mrs. Brown said she believed Mayor
Mitchel was the conservative in the
New York mayoralty campaign.
Ohio Result Victory.'
Warren, O.. Nov. . The apparent de
feat for suffrago in Ohio is really a
This was the statement today of Mrs.
Harriet Taylor Upton, president of the
Ohio Woman Suffrage association.
"Our eampaign for the Reynolds ref
erendum bill lasted less than three
weeks," she said, "because the supreme
court took time to decide on tho legal
ity of the referendum petitions. Yet re
turns show tremendous gains since the
last suffrage campaign.
"We will center our efforts this win
ter on passage of the suffrage amenl
meat. Ohio women will vote for pres
ident in 1920."
Most butcher shops sold meat only witb
ah admonition that it mnst not be eat-
en until today.
OHIO PROBABLY WET
BTi HUORITY OF
General Election Returns of
Columbus, O, Nov. 7. With six hun
dred precincts to hear from, the wets
were leading in the prohibition contest
this afternoon by a total of 12,298.
The remaining precincts will have to
show an average dry majority of twenty
to the precinct if the drys are to carry
L. H. Gibson, wet campaign manager
said the stato would go wet by a ma
jority of from 15,000 to 25,000.
J. A. White, dry federation managei.
still iuBisted at noon that the state
would go dry by a " safe majority. ' '
Statisticians at the secretary of state
office said the race would be close.
New Mexico Dry.
Santa Fe, N. Mex., Nov. 7. Semi-of
ficial returns from 16 of the 21 coun
ties in New Mexico today indicated the
state-wide prohibition amendment had
carried every county.
B. K. Farley, superintendent of the
Anti-saloon League, reatfirmcd his ear
ly prediction ot a majority of 20,000
for the amendment.
Socialists Are Beaten.
Cleveland, O., Nov. 7. Drawing to
their banner the pro-German and anti
war vote, Ohio socialists nevertheless
failed in city elections Tuesday to elect
a mayor or to challenge the American
ism vote piled up by the other parties.
Camplete returns today, however, show
ed that Cleveland Boeialists more than
tripled their first choice vote of two
years ago, exceeding the estimates of
opponents by several thousand. The so
cialists elected here a member of the
school board and two councilmen.
Thomas Hammerschmidt, Cincinnati's
socialist candidate, received 11,075
votes, as against 1,200 polled by the
socialist candidate two years ago.
Lima's socialist vote doubled. Hamil
ton's gained 700; Sandusky elected a
socialist commissioner, but not an anti
war issues. At Dayton the highest so
cialist candidate for commissioner poll
ed 13,633 and the lowest vote for a
citizens' ticket candidate was 16,474.
Soldier Vote May Decide.
Philadelphia, Nov. 7. Soldier votes
and the state eourts will decide the
eleetion in Philadelphia. Complete un
official returns from tho eity alone give
the republican organization slate ma
jorities ranging from nine thousand to
ess than three . thousand over tne
town meeting" party's reform candi
dates. Samuel P. Rotan, running with
the support of all factions, was re
elected district attorney.
The Penrose-MeMchol eouncilmanie
slate tiit into the control of that legis
lative body held by the Vare-Mayor
Smith organization. The "reformers"
have elected 12 of the 31 select council-
(Con tinned ea page six.)
America's Surplus Food
To Be Sent to Allies
Chiengo, Nov. 7 America's surplus
of meat and dairy products will be pro
rated to the allies, after December 1,
by Joseph P. Cotton, head of the meat
committee of the. federal food admin
istration, it was announced-
"Th allies have been bulling the
market and over purchasing," Joseph
McCarthy, assistant to Herbert Hoover
declared in referring to Cotton's new
duties. "After December 1 Cotton will
buy for all the allies. They will be al
lowed just enough. Substitutions where
necessary will be made in thoir orders'
Packors throughout the eonhtry will
be forced to notify Cotton of the sup
ply on hand and fill orders, according
to his decision.
Exports of meats will be greatly cut
down, according to McCarthy. Dairy
products will be largely substituted
In place of beef, great quantities of
pork will be shipped abroad. The ex
ported pork will aggregate 15 per eent
of the United iStates total products,
. Large emergency orders will be al
lowed the allied governments before
the new control becomes effective.
BOARD HAVE RESIGNED
This Was Done to Remove All
Opposition to Present
Complete reoraanizatiou of - the Sa
lom hospital boarJ is one of tho sur
prise developments of the hospital
campaign, this occurring after the
noon luncheon of the hospital work-
ora vAatnrrlfiv hrnilfrht. nut the fact that
there was considerable stiff opposition
to me nospitai project.
Tim ovAiMitivA committee of the
!nvA iTnmiartintnlv cot biisv and weirl
about it to smoke out the opposition
1 ., 1 d A
ana learn us cause, ad. uivciuumu
AnnnnUntinTi with nhvaiciana and other
nrnminent citizens, developed the fact
that much dissatisfaction was felt
with the hospital board as at preseni
constitued- The net result was a reso
1 at ' a mectinc of those
members of the board in the city,
which made a tender of the resignation
of tne meraiers or tne Doara auu -i:..Ari
nlan nf r Aiirirnni zat ion : the
resignations to becomo effoctive on the
completion of reorganization.
Later a meeting of the Salem physi
,.;or,a wo. oniloil wliif'h endorsed by
resolution, the plan of reorganization
as outlined, and pledged cordial finan-
n;l anA mnrol RllTinnrt. to thfl hoSPltal
project. The point of view taken by
the doctors is that the reorganization
removes every objection to the hospit
al proposal that might exist in anyonos
mind. Though it will take some time
to work out the details of reorganiza
tion, the board is dofinitoly commu
ted to the plan, and it cannot fail To
Tho reorganized board will be made
up of seven members chosen by tne
Salem members of the Polk-YamhiU-
Marion Medical association; seven
members chosen by a committee con
sisting of the mayor of tho city of
Salem, the president of the Salem Com
mercial club, and the county judge of
Marion county; a fifteenth member to
be chosen by these fourteen, from the
membership of the Oregon Children s
Aid society. Such a board will in the
unanimous opinion of the physicians
be one that will be truly representa-
vnrlmis interests of the
community, and one that will never RP
into decay, in case ol y;u"w
the board tho new member is chosen
i i. u njiin nhrmn the member
whose death or resignation created the
vacancy. The board is to be divided
into groups of five each, one group to
bo elected each year to serve for three
year8- .. ., ' : .t.l
Uespito tne oppuai-'u t..
yesterday a total of about $30,000 is
now available which includes subscrip
tions and $25,000 already on hand. Lit
tle actual solicitation was made this
morning, owing to the fact that the
workers were engaged in consultation,
regarding the new deal, and outtinig
plans for a new and more effoctive at-
k .. , , .k.t (ha
tack on tne prooiem, now '"
wrinkles in the situation are being
ironed out- . M ' ,
Dr. W. B. Morse, lniormany un
dressing the workers this morning
Jt rt b nan thn Tnnttnr hot. bV
no means to drop or even sidetrack
the matter, even temporarily. He stat
ed that he could see no reason now,,
-. . 1. nLv.l.ian. (If nTfiltd 1 11 the
city should refuse to support the hos
pital project to tne exiren.o iuu
"There Is notning imi oait-iu utvu.
nn.k ma a ll null! tal " Dr. Morse
BU Jl"-m - r ,
said. "I have had little experience in
such matters, and it would be impossi
ble for me to estimate just how much
the physicians in the city are capable
of donating toward tho new hospital.
Bnfr you may rest assured that
will do their share to the utmost-"
CHINESE TEOOPS COMINO.
Washington, Nov. 7. A Chi
nese general with his staff has
arrived at a Pacific port en
route to the front in France. It
is expeeted that a contingent of
Chinese troops will follow short-
YESTERDAY G A 1 IIS
Oil WEST f ROUT
Canadains Do Not Looses
Grip on Village of
HEAVY ARTILLERY FIRE
ON CAPTURED POST
One American Killed h
Trench Raid Had Throat
Cut by Germans
GAZA 18 CAPTURED
London, Nov. 7. Capture of
Gaza by General Alien by 's ex
peditionary army in Palestine
was formally announced today.
ay William Phillip Simma
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the British Armies in Zan
ders, Nov. 7. Canadians held tight to
the British victory at- Passchendacle
They stood their ground all through
the night, hanging to the entire vil
lage in tho faco of heavy artillerying.
The Germans had orders direct from
Hindenburg that the ridge positions
:must e immediaitcy Tetalcten. The
enemy massed tremendous forces for
those attacks, several times but on
every occasion - British observers
caught a hint of the menace and Brit
ish guns promptly put down such a
fearful barrage around the regained
land that the enemy was cheeked in
his tracks. . ; 1
British artillery today was bom
barding Roulers, key to the Gorman,
line of communications to the coastal
submarine bases.'' .
Capture of vPasschendaele in yester
day's great push brought the Britis'i
lines to within five miles of the rail
From behind the lines British heavy
guns immediately began their pulver
izing of Roulors. The bombardment
was unceasing today.
Capture of Passchendaele and neigh
boring villages puts the British on the
very top of the Passchendaele ridge
and with only a small remaining bit
of the high land still in the enemy's
hands. He was clinging desperately to
High American army officers saw
the British go over the top in the vic
torious aBault. - - v
Bditlsh Official Report
T nmlnn Vnu 7 Pnfianliilfl.tinn Of
yesterday's gains was reported today
by rieia Marsnai nuig. xio iubub u
mention of any German counter at
nlra. Thn Anpiii wnn nrmarentlv will
ing to let him have Passchendaele with,
out sacrificing men in counter oiows.
The British commander in chief al
ar, rnnnrtnfl n fnipceaKfnl raid carried
out by a Liverpool regiment near Que-
ant anit tawing ot a iew umuuu
oners. Elsewhere he said there was in
termittent hostile artillerying.
AMERICAN'S THROAT CUT
By J. W- Peglet
(United Press staff correspondent)
' American Field Headquarters in
Franco, Nov. 7. One of the American
soldiers killed in the recent German
(Continued on page three)
What's worse than gittin' a nice look
in' letter an' wanderin' fer an hour who
in th' world it kin be from an' then
openin' it only t' learn that somebud
dy's fall goods are all in! Ther's '10 i
many folks with things t' sell that have
got all the? patriotism fultterin from,
oils r IP