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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 8, 1917)
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FORTIETH -NO. 266
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1917
car ra3Ns and new
Mi' VIVB CTCNTH
- . . y - .-
Russian Officials la London Cl Revolt Is Local to Petro-grad--Revohitionists
Control Ves and News All One-
k- Sided Believed Civil War Is K Vg In Capital-Soldiers
On Northern Front Stand by KeY3asky--0n!y Small Per
centage of People or Array In Sympathy With Pacifists
London, Nov. 8.---The Bolsheviki leaders, in control of
all communication with Petrograd today, formally an
nounced to the world that they had "deposed the Keren
In its Place the institution of a new rpnirnp with o nnliVv
of peace and immediate distribution of all land' to the
j . i 1 i
, peasants was aeciarea.
No mention was made in dispatches received here of
fighting, but it was feared that once again the streets of
Petrograd have been dyed in blood from struggling
The Bolsheviki leaders did not explain how the alleged
overthrow of the Kerensky government had been accom
plished, except to assert that the garrison and the
"proletariat" had forced it.
All the news from Russia today was one-sidedthe
only version being that of the revolting Bolsheviki, due to
their control of all means of communication.
London had been prepared for an armed outbreak fol
lowing Kerensky's announcement, received yesterday that
"active measures of suppression" were to be adopted
against his pacifist enemies. Officials here were awaiting
eagerly the Kerensky version of today's happenings in
Russian officials emphasized that the revolt is entirely
local in character, affecting Petrograd alone. In the
capital pacifism has reached its greatest strength, due to
the activity of the Bolsheviki Soviet of workmen and
Kerensky is Out
London, No.v.- 8. The garrison and
the proletariat have deposed Kerensky,
declared a wireless message from Petro
grad received here today.
London, Nov. 8. Russia's pacifists
rose in cpon revolt today.
Dispatches from Petrograd, even
though carefully censored by the Bol
sheviki forces, now controlling the tele
graph stations, indicated that in Pe
trcgrad what amounts to a locitl civil
war is probably on today.
Dissolution of the sittings of the pre
liminary parliament was decided upon
by Premier Kerensky.
Many Maximalist and Bolsheviki
members of this body had previously
voted firmly to resist 'the government's
announced attempt forcibly to crush
out all the Bolsheviki movement.
Three Cossack regiments today for
mally announced they would hereafter
disobey all orders of tho provisional
government, and their allegiance hence
forth will be with the' soldiers and
workmen's council in its pacifist re
Some ministers, of the government,
it was announced today, have been ar
rested by the Maximalists.
Preparing for an armed clash with
the Bolsheviki, Premier Kerenskv,
through the commander of the Petro
EN RIGHT, GRESHAM, HA Y,
FRENCH GENERAL PA YS
THEM PATHETIC TRIBUTE
By J. W. Pegler
" (United Press staff correspondent)
American Field Headquarters France
Nov. 1 7. (Delayed) American artil
lerymen sent a- salvo of hell whistling
oyer to Bocheland today as the fare
well volley marking burial of Ameri
ca V first dead from the l'iring line.
It was fitting, in the opinion of
those wnoso eyes glistened with tears
throughout the simple but dramatic fu
neral services, that the volley wTiich
jnarks the last farewell should have
been fired, not by a squad and with
blank cartridges; but by American
gunners hooting the great French
seventy fives and speeding each shell
with a prayer that it would findits
mark among the enemy.
The coffins of America's first dead
in action were draped in the folds of
tne American flag for which they diej
Comrades bore them to the center of
a hollow square, formed by American
soldiers and veteran French troops
From the massed ranks there stepped
IP Ti-neh general. He walked straight
grad military district, today ordered
that all private motor cars be delivered
to the winter palace. This step was
taken to prevent seizure of these ve
hicles by tho Soviet.
. Does Not Affect Country
All Eussian soldiers were prohibited
under strict penalties from leaving
their barracks today.
Messages received here insisted that
tho Soviet had actually overthrown
tho provisional government. In this con
nection, however, it was pointed out
tn- tne Maximalists and pacifists con
trol tho cables and other means of com
munication with the Russian capital
and would be likely to exaggerate thMs
Russians hero emphasized 'the fact
that Petrograd alone is affected' by the
Soviet uprising. The workmen's and
soldiers' council there hns always been
pacific and opposed to all Kerensky's
meniurea .(looking) jto continuance of
tho war.' Workmen's and ' soldiers'
councils in other sections of Russia
have, however,, always been hiyal to
tJir- Provisional government.
The revolt, therefore, must be re
garded on all surface indications as
affecting Petrcgrad and not Russia, as
a whole, although the Bolsheviki would
naturally seek to claim their- move
continued on page eight)
ito the three coffins, reverentlv hesi-
(tating at the first. Then he stiffened
;to salute, doffed his cap, bowed, his
J face lined as though the mute rem:ns
cerore mm were or his own children.
I A Splendid Tribute
"Private Enright," he said softly,
I as he bowed before the nearest bier;
I "and Private Gresham," and he turn-
jed to tho second "and Private Hay"
as he turned still further to face the
j "In the name of France, I bid yon
farewell. Of your own free will you
j left your happy, prosperous country
;and took your plaee bv our side.
"You fell facing tne foe, in hard,
desperate hand to hand fighting."
! The genera! hesitated a moment,
j looked at each of the three flag draped
i con ins anu men rurnea.
I ''All honor to them." be continued
"Their families should be prond to
learn of their deaths.
"We of France ask that the immor
(Continued on page three)
VICE PRESIDENT MARSHALL '
Who will lecture at the Armory tonight in the regular
BREAKS THE FLOORS
Floors In Four Story Building
Give Way Under
New York, Nov. 8. Six womon and
one, man were buried under tons of
ruins today when tho floors of a four
siory brick building in Brooklyn col
lapsed. All are believed dead. Mrs.
Joseph Johann is one of those who
perished. The others' names have not
Weight of heavy machinery in the
Doculdo Mercantile company, occupy
ing the top floor, caused tae collapse.
As the floors went down an ammonia
tank in the Johann Steamship Provis
ion company on the ground level ex-
yiuueu. r ire iuuoweu.
The IVlprCantiln fninrinn-ir aTan tia
twenty five tons of beans for the navv
uu us xiuir. rive men wonting in tne
buildinpr heard the beams snapping and
escaped. A fireman was blown mVyH
j , ... . . .
a. uuorway Dy mo ammonia explosion
The following is a list cf i"fce miss-.
Miss I Laboda. "
rs. Helen J. Johann, all of Brook
lyn. In addition to the above, firemen
say they see the body of a man not ac
counted for by either of the occupants
of the building.
Early this afternoon five bodies had
teen recovered. The fault lies, it was
pointed outr with the overweight of
the beams and machinery.
Manager Babcock of the Deculta
company has been arrested. .
The man who was supposed to have
been killed later turned up alive and
San Francisco, Nov. 8. Boy,
page Herbert Hoover!
Mrs. W. S. Drew wants to
speak with him. '
Some time ago her husband
read food conservation posters
which said "save a loaf of
bread a week."
He told Mrs. Drew. She fol
lowed instructions literally and
then some. Now stale bread is
clagging her kitchen and she
wants to know what to do with
"Why Marry," with Naf Goodwin,
Arnold Daly and Edmund Brese open
next weeK in Chicago. '
MCE MAY CAUSE
mm OF PARTIES
Republicans and Democrats
of Illinois Bay Unite for ,
Chicag6, Nor. 8. Politicians today
read between the linos of Tuesday's
election in Chicago of the rising men
ace of the socialist and pro-German
j The result was that Roger Sullivan,
big democratic leader, and other min
jor politicians came -out openly today
m lavor or me repuDiican anil demo
cratic parties fusing during the war.
Sullivan proposed that Illinois re
publicans and democrats agree on loy
alty candidates for United State sen
ator and mayor of Chicago.
j It is certain that the socialists will
I have a candidate for both places and
that all the pro-German elements will
' join the socialists. j
Examination of Tuesday's Chicago
vote showed that the socialists polled
practically one third oi the total cast.
Had it not been for ho rewiblican-
democratic fusion, some of the social
ists would probablv have been elected.'
Over 250,000 voters did not g ro the!
polls, in spite of the fact that the press
of Chicago was united in appeals to
voters to down the pro-German vote.'
Sullivan advocated this fusion move
ment for tho nation at large, as woll
as Chicago and Illinois.
Interned Daring War
Portland, Or., Nov. 8. Max Lucfce,
editor of the Portland Deutsche Zei
tung, was arrested on a presidential
warrant today and will be interned
for iue period of the war. '
United States Attornev Reamcs de
clined to discuss the nature of the evi
dence in Luckc 's caso. Federal author
ities say they do not know to which in
ternment camp Lucke will be sent.
Since the Zeitung was suspended,
Lucke has been tho editor of a German
weekly hero- He formerly lived in San
Francisco and was a witness in the
trial of Franz Bopp in San Francisco
several months ago-
Askkg An Increase
of Passenger Rates
Washington, Nox. S. A, concerted
effort to increase passenger, as well as
freight rates, was seen in railroad peti
tions filed today with the interntato
commerce commission. The New York,
New Haven and Hartford railroad and
the central of New England asked for
an increase in mileage fares from 2 Vi
to 2 cents. The principal southeast-
era railroads E'ked permission to raise
"interchangeable mileage passenger
rate " from 2 to 2 Vi cents a-mile.
WILL EE MADE IN
Central War Board To Sit In
France Kay Resdt From
CONFERENCE IN PARIS
TO ARRANGE WAR PLANS
United StatesTroops " May
race Anstnacs Ihongh
' War Not Declared
By Bobert J. Bender '
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Nov. 8. American par
ticipation in the Paris inter-allied con
ference beginning November 15, means
a complete change in the method of war
direction, officials hero were convinced
That a central war board to sit in
France, hub of the allied war zone, will
spring from the conference, is confident
ly believed. ' , ' .
Besides future war moves on the
western front, the conference will, also
consider the situation in Italy. Russia
and Greece will receive from the Amer
ican delegates full investigation regard
ing this country's resources. Some state
ment of allied war claims may be for
mulated to combat the German peace
movement. President Wilson favors im
mediate and greater centralization of
the war administration. Confused inter
ests arising from lack of proper co-ordination
have added months to the war.
America's hands-off policy with regard
to European politics and selfish de
mands of the various allies have added
to unfortunate conditions and delays.
Grim necessity, however? hns forced
a change and America in" the future,
while not bound by any alliance with
her c64)lligerc'nts, wll work in 'closer
unison toward'a mor) rnpid'werthrow
of German militarism.
. America 's ' part in the general pro
gram will be clearly defined at the
conference, so this
swing its full power into the most direct
lines. VagueneBS in the mindf of alued
leaders concerning the degree of Amer
ica's preparations will be cleared up.
The aid of the United States will be
sought particularly by Italy and Rus
sia. Plans for a counter-offensive to
drive the Teutons from Italian soil will
be laid. American aid in this direction
will again bring to the fore the anom
aly of Austria and the United States
with no declaration of war fighting
each other. The Russian situation will
be thoroughly probed at tho conference.
Allied aid in money ana supplies, re
construction of Russia's transport, and
plans for a resumption of the Slavs'
military activity at the earliest possible
date will be discussed.
Greoce, threatened with a Teuton in -
vasion and decfinine to mobilize fully
until the allies pledged all necessary nid,
will receive attention in the conference,
The United States, still on friendly
terms with Bulgaria, may bo asked to
aid Greece attack the Bulgar line In
Macedonia, in an attempt to cut tho
Berlin-Constantinople railroad. This is
another of the delicate questions con
fronting Colonel House, head of the
BLOW ON CHIN FATAL.
Vancouver, Wash., Nov. 8. Harold
Tilden, 15, is dead here today follow
ing a scuffle with John Johnson, 15,
over a ten cent bet. Young Tilden swung
at Johnuon, missed and fell to the side
walk, striking his chin. Tilden died in
stantly. BEACHES LONDON
Nov. 8 Colonel E.
heading tho Ameri
can mission fa the allied war
council, arrived in London to
day. Arrival at "a British port of
all members of the American
mission was announced by tho
state department last night.
ONLY 18 FEB CENT.
San Francisco, Nov. 8. Only
18 per cent of the men attend
ing the third, set of officers'
training camps will be selected
from civil life according to an
nouncement here today. These
will come from schools and col
leges having military training.
Tho university of California will
furnish.42; Stanford, 14; Throop
College of Technology, 13; the
University of Washington, 32;
University of Arizona, 24; Uni
versity of Idaho, 23; Oregon Ag
ricultural, 6; Utah Agricultural
23; Washington State college,
34 and Harvard School at Los
Angeles, 5. -
SEND YOUB. KNITTED
GOODS TO THE SOLDIERS
Elizabeth. A. Sehultz, better
known hore at her home as
"Bessie," ent the following
night letter to tho Capital
.Journal which received it this
morning. It explains itself,, be-.
- ing a suggestion as to what the
boys in camps in the east need.
The dispatch follows:
"Capital Journnal, Salem,
Ore.: 1 visited Company M
and the other Oregon boys at
Camp Mills, Sunday. AS are
well end cheerful. The East is
getting acquainted with the
West and begins to realize the
Westerners are not only a high
type of soldier but clean law
abiding citizens. . Tho weather
is snappy but the boys get their
winter outfita soon. In the
meanwhile for best results, it is
essential they get your knitted
goods quickly. Keep the mail
TORPEDOED 4 DEAD
Thirty-One Survivors Landed
Vessel Was Struck and
London, Nov, 8. Torpedoing of the
American steamer Rochester was for
mally announced by the admiralty to
day. Four of those aboard were killed and
the second mate and .thirteen others
aro missing it was stated. Thirty-one
survivors have been landed at Buncra
na and Rossport.
The American vessel was struck on
Friday and sunk.
Captain Was Coast Man.
San Francisco, Nov. 8. Captain Eric
Koheritz, for years commanding Pacific
coastwise vessels, was master of the
Rocester on her first trip through
the submarine zone. It is believed he
still is her commander.
Before eoine to tho Atlantic seaboard
; to take over the Rochester, Koheritz
commander, both lumber ana passenger
steamers, largely out of San Francisco,
operating chiefly to California and
Oregon points. He was known, howovcr,
in practically every Pacific port. His
last command before the Rochester was
the E. J. Dodge company's steamer
Phoenix running from San Francisco to
Eureka, of which he was master for
The Steamer Rochester, sunk by a
German submarine, was the ship that,
with the Orloaim, first braved tne sub
marine zone after Germany rescinded
her promises to tho United States, of
ficials of the Kerr Steamship company
asserted today. The Rochester was own-
jed and operated by this company, when
1 8ho made her trip, leaving New York
, February 11.
. The Rochestor, shortly after this jour-
ney, was taken over fy tne rurness
Withy company, a British shipping com
pany, it was stated, and presumably
was under British registry. She was of
2,551 tons, a steel screw steamship, built
in 1912 at Ecorse, Mich.
The Kerr company.of ficials said there
was no other Rochester in the Atlantic
service. Tho Orleans was sunk several
GERMAN OFFICERS CAPTURED
Laredo, Tex., Nov. 8. Captain Hans
Berg and Lieutenant Alfred Loescher,
German naval officers who escaped
from Fort McPhcrson, Ga October 23,
were captured near Laredo late this
afternoon by mounted customs inspect
ors. l ABE MARTIN I
Those who ave tried t' git close t'
th' producer have also got next t.' him.
it seems like jest as soon as a woman
gits two or three little children she
begins t' travel.
EFFORT TO STEM
Opposing Forces Face Each
Other Along Livenza
FIGHTING FOR THE TO
' STRENGTHEN NEW LIKE
Cadorna Will Not Bring Full
Force Into Action Until
This Is Reached !
SOLDIER TAKES TWO.
New York, Nov. 8. Two Ger
man prisoners were captured by
an American soldier of Per
shing ' command on the Chemin
. deg-Dames, k according to the
New Work Courrier des Etats
Unis today. The paper quoted a
letter from Georges Clemoneeau,
former French minister of the
It said a smair group of Am
ericans wero put with French
forces for instruction and that
one of the Yankees returned to
his trench leading two Germans
by the cars.
London, Nov; 8. Italy's . supreme.
last stand effort to stem tha Germanic
invasion was apparently impending to
day. Both the ensmy and defending
lines have been drawn face to faca
along the Llvenza river, London expect-i
ed momentarily to learn of the prelim
inary battle of the Livenza, in which
Cadorna 's rear guards would attempt
to administer a temporary Check to tho
enemy before withdrawing to the now
fully prepared Piavo river line.
Swiss dispatches reported that Cador
na intended merely to delay the enemy
along tho Llvenza and would not bring
his full strength into the battle until
the Piave positions were reached. For
nearly two weeks the Italians have been
preparing their positions along this wa
terway. Presumably the reinforcements
in men and guns sent by British and
French army staffs are held along this
Every dispatch received from Borne
today mentioned the Italian withdrawal
from the Tagliamento as voluntary, car
ried out with precision and a minimum
loss. Certainly there was none of the
precipitancy in the latest Italian retire
ment that characterized the rout from
the Isonzo positions. .
Battle In First Stage.
Wnali'mcrtnn. Nov. 8. TllB decisivS
battle of tho Teuton drive on Italy is
enterins its first staeo today with man
euvering for position by the opposing
armies., iconic caoies staieu. irencu
Tiritieh rninf nrpeniimtii are massing back
of the Piave river line and heavy artil
lery is being rustiea irom me western
front to General Cadorna 's relief.
Tho final, decisive battle may Biart
within a few days. . . ; ,
The Koine caliies nan a aisunuuy
fim-nf. DeatntA terrible sac
rifices, the Italian troops were said to
bo holding up tno Austro-ucrmau ad
vance sufficiently to permit prepara
tions to make the final outcome hope
(i Tho tiln f hattle on the Venetian
plains will soon turn in Italy's favor,
it was predicted. Cadorna ' troops are
fighting loyally with high spirit.
For the past ten days the allies hava
been feverishly transporting troops and
artillery over the two railroads lead
ing from France through northern
Italy. When the last stand is finally
mnilo againBt tho Teuton hordes, the
advantage will bo on tho allies' side,
' German Fleet in Baltic
Rtni-lrhnlm. Nov. 8. A larire German
squadron of warships is off the Finnish
navnl station or. lieisiniors, aecomyig
to word received from Haparanda.
Presumably the "presence of a German
fleet in this location menns Germany
has resumed her naval d.-ivo- in the Bal
t to attack the Rus
sian naval fortifications at S-veaborg,
whan ttiA nnrmnn fleet was operating
in the bay of Riga, Russian dispatches
reported in view oi me lineunuuu vm.
German sea attacks in tho Baltic that
Reval, Sveaborg and Kronstadt were to
be evacuated of civilians. Reval waa
evacuated also of all military forces and
practically abandoned to the enemy be
cause of the threat of a thrust from. the
rear after Gorman troops had been land
ed on Werdcr peninsula. Then Germany
apparently withdrew these forces. Svea
borg is a naval fortification of the first
British Raid Successful
I,ondon, Nov. 8. A successful raid
southeast of Armcntieres and repulse of
two enemy attempts to enter British,
lines nort of Rooux were reported in to-
continued on page three)