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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1916)
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THIRTY-NINTH YEAR -NO. 211
SALEM, OREGON,. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1916
PlMPl? TVCf mtiN ON TRAINS AND NEWS
& iiiv J.u rtpant rnrp. - tohth
fJl II II II II II t '-rLH.fri Jj 1 n! y.l Ul1 III I I I I M III II II II I I I I II I I II II I I
Caught by Enarclinc Jvement, and With One Pontoon
Bridge Across Danube
Destroyed Grand Duke
Balkans-Attempt Will Be
victorious at Dobmdja
Sofia, Oct. 5. Bulgarian
destroyed fifteen or sixteen
io,uuu menj wmcn crossed tne Danube and invaded Bul
garia near Riahovo, said an official statement from the
war- office today.
The defeat suffered by the Rumanians is the greatest
since the destruction of the Rumanian army at the fort
ress of Tutrakan, when 22,000 Rumanians were trapped
and captured south of Danube. .
The Rumanians were caught by an encircling move
ment and began to stream back across the river without
offering stubborn opposition. Teutonic monitors had
smashed some of the pontoon bridges over which the in
vaders crossed, thus interfering seriously with their re
treat to the north bank.
Bulgarian artillery was trained on Rumanian trans
ports that attempted to facilitate the retreat, adding to
the confusion in the ranks of the enemy. The exact
number of prisoners is not definitely known, but it is re
ported that large quantities of war material were
On the Dobmdja front, all Russo-Rumanian attacks
The German war office yesterday announced that the
Rumanian force that crossed the Danube had retreated
before a German-Bulgarian encircling movement.
If the Bulgarian statement is ..true, the Rumanians
have suffered two most severe defeats on the Danube in
the five weeks since they entered the war. When Ger
man and Bulgarian forces captured the Rumanian fort
ress of Tutrakan the Rumanian garrison was surrounded
on the south bank and captured. Several hundred Ru
manians, including a general and a number of other of
fers were drowned while attempting to swim the stream.
The Rumanians had occupied several Bulgarian vil
lages before they were attacked by Bulgarian forces from
Rustchuk and Tutrakan.
To Crush Bulgaria..
Loudon, Oct. 5. The Grand Duke
McholoH, former commander in chief
of the Itussian armies, has been recalled
from the scene of' his triumphs in the
Caucasus to command the Kusso-Ru-lunninn
drive against Bulgaria, said a
Stockholm -diapotcli received hero to
day. The grand duke- will bo given supreme
command of all the Russian and Human
inn forces operating in Dobruiljn and on
tlie Danube. He may act as nil adviser
? the Rumanian commanders in Tran
The Stockholm report, as yet uncon
firmed, from Petrogrnd.. aroused the
Srcntest interest here because of the re
newal of heavy fighting in the Dtilkaus.
both on the Rumanian frontier and in
Macedonia. The urrival of the grand
uikc on i no Kiimnman border, it is
Udicved. will be the signal for the open-
. . .7. . 1
ii.g of the double allied offensive to
eru.di Bulgaria ond close the Austro
(Vrmnn road to Constantinople.
Bucharest dispatches today reportej
d:stinct victories for the Russo-Ruman-i".ris
in the new offensive in Robrudja
vtioro the Teuptonic center and right
v.'fng hnve been pressed back and also
f (aimed further progress in Transyl-
You have t' be jest about ns careful, Kui" Toward aionasur.
vlierc vou plice vour kindness n vouj Oct. 5. Allied troops in the
i nf ide'nee the ilnvs. Haint it til.out Bilkiaj pushed on toward Monastir iu
nmo fer th' choker "cuts o' liver t' take ' ',,',er,l!,-v ' fating, occupying Hf
-uothir juir.Lit !am' mn't'ng progress at other poiuts, it
I nsta officially announced today.
Destroyed, Sixteen Battalions
Nicholas to Have Command in
to Crush Bulgaria-Allies
troops have enveloped and
Rumanian battalions (about
vania. No mention was made of the
fighting south of Bucharest where Ber
lin asserts the Rumanians hnve been
thrown back across the Danube.
In Macedonia, the Serbs have made
further progress on the allied left wing
and aro now about two miles across the
' Russians Assume Offensive.
retrogrnd, Oct. 5. Suddenly the of
fensive in the Caucasus, in co-opcra-tiou
with the Black sen fleet, the Rus
sians are advancing on n wide front, the
war office announced today.
A Turkish fortified position iu the re
gion of Knrahurnum has been captured.
West of Knlkittchivtiik, the Slavs broke
through Turkish advance guards and in
flicted (fent losses on the enemy.
On the Austro-Oermnn front stub
3 1 ... . .
U01'n X eontinuea irom the region
ensr nf lnfllmir- nlvttttkn m fnr smith
as the Dueister. The Russians have
captured enemy positions at various
points. Along the Bistritza in the re
gion of Bogorodchnd, Teutonic outposts
w;ere defeated and a number of prison
" 1: "ussian-nunianinn
off""v,e continues. Russian troops
In Dobrudjn, the Russian-Rumanian
troops have captured six cannon and
the Rumanians soven.
British Take ViUage.
Salonika, Oct 5. The battle nrouud
the village of Jenikoj, on the Struma
front lias resulted in a complete British
victory, it was officially announced to
day. The whole village is now in the
hands of the British who are now con
solidating their positions. The Bulbars
suffered heavily in the recent fighting.
Paris, Oct. S. Bad weather again im
peded operations on the Souiuie front
last night, it was officially announced
today. In Derations around Morval,
the French captured nine i 1-2 inch
Quiet on tbe Somme.
London, Oct. 5. British ntrillery
played upon moving Gorman infantry
columns uorth of Sehwnbou redoubt last
night, inflicting ninny casualties, but
aside from intermittent shelling there
was no activity north of the Somme.
(ieneral Haig reported this afternoon
a successful raid by British infant rv
I near Vimy. A German attack near St.
' Kloi was unsuccessful. '
Corvallis, Ore., Oct. 5. Cheers
and cries of "atta g'ulll come
on you egg! " greeted the post
ing of a bulletin today showing
that 10 hens from the Oregon
Agricultural college here gained
two places during the 47th week
of the international egg laying
contest at Htorrs, Conn.
- The Oregoninn birds are now
in third place. Rhode Island is
leading with Engfbnd second.
Starting the 47th week in fifth
place the Oregonians by a sud
den burst o'f speed produced 48
eggs as against an average of
27 for all other teauw.
If this sprint ean be maintain
ed the Oregonians mny overcome
the 153 egg lead ndiieh separates
them from the lenders.
But Can't Get It
San Francisco, Oct. 5. Stocks of
Xorth American lumber in South Amer
ica are running low because of lack of
ships to carry cargoes from the Pacific
coast, according to Roger Simmons, of
Washington, I). C, government expert,
wiio has just returned from a ten years
study of the subject of South American
lumber conditions. Ho is here today to
confer with lumbermen of Cnliforuin,
Oregon and Washington.
"The Argentine consumes half a b-
lion feet of lumber every year And
three quarters ot this comes from the
United Stutes and Canada," he said.
"(,'hile and Peru, too, are in the mar
ket for huge qunutitiea of North Am
Simmons paid a tribute to South Am
erican business men nf. "brainy and
well educated and having high ethical
business standards." .
Fairbanks Says West
Is Solid for Hughes
Pan Francisco, Oct. C. Confidant
that California is solidly for Hughes,
Charles Warren Fairbanks, republican
vice presidential candidate, left this
morning for Portland to campaign
through the northwest. The Fairbanks
partv consists of Richard Fairbanks,
Dr. B. F. Hatfield and Richard Lowther
in addition to the candidate.
'The west is solid for Hughes," said
Fairbanks todav. Kverywhere I have
visited in the wake of his campaign
tour, it Boems a certainty that Hughes
will win by a deeisivo majority. For
that reason, I am giving more attention
to urging upon the people the necessity
of making the republican victory com
plete by electing republicans to both
houses of congress."
Wheat Makes Record
for Season In Chicago
Chicago, Oct. fi. December wheat
went to HiO 1-2 today, the record for the
season- .May wheat opened higher, but
declined on liberal selling. Unfavor
able reports from Argentine continues,
but are counteracted by the feeling
that they ore somewhat exaggerated.
December was later down 1-4 at 1.0tt
S; May down half at 1.5H 3-4.
Corn made fair gains on good buy
ing. December up :i-8 nt 70 3;.nlay
up .1-8 nt 7H 1-8.
Oats fell slightly on libera offerlnas.
December was down 1-8 nt 4! 1-8: May
down 1-4 nt 52 1-8.
SAY SEPARATE PEACE
TERMS DISCUSSED BY
GERMANY AND RUSSIA
By Carl W. Ackerraan
(United Press staff correspondent)
The Hague, Sept. ,10 (Ity inuil.)
Despite official denials that Russia and
Germany recently discussed a separate
peace, i have learned from recent vis
its to -Warsaw, C'opcnhugen audsThe
Hague that some cort of a conference
lid tnke place.
At present, however, there is little
prospect that Russia will desert the al
lies. Rumania's intervention iu the war
has changed the situation entirely from
the czar's standpoint.
1 he report tiint a iieace meetiuit was
held at Kovno was publislind recently
in the Xieuwo Commit, oue of the best
in formed newspapers of Holland. The
Courant article has no; been published
in any belligerent country. It is under
stood here though it created a sensa
tion in Hol.and and the ueutral .Scandi
Itmuodiatclv following its publication
the Kiissinu legation here issued a de
nial. A similar dcinl was telegraphed
inm tiorlin. Iiut reLonlless of tli:s fai t
ofiiciuls in Scandinavian countries be-
Say Northwestern Farmers
Are Unit In Holding for
NORTHWEST MAY HAVE
TO IMPORT SEED WHEAT
Potatoes $1:45 a Bushel In
Chicago Against 48 Cents
Chicago,' Oct. 5. Two dollars for
wheat was predicted by Chicago grain
men today before the first of January.
Prices today,' both-cash and futures,
ranged about ten cents lower than the
record price established in January,
1915, immediately following the out
break of the Europeun war.
The heavy decrease in this year's
crop, coupled with discouraging condi
tions in Argentine .and the demand of
the allies for available Australian and
Canadian wheat were pointed to as
fnitors in the present high price. It
wjb stated today at the board of trade
that the northwest has practically no
wheat of seed quality, and that good
seed wheat was now selling at from
four to seven dollars a. bushel.
The importation of Canndian wheat
for seed purposes is being seriously dis
cussed and agricultural experts are can
vassing the question whether or not
the Cunadian wheat will be found
ndnpted to the United States cultiva
tion. . ,
Dealers- in ewu..nent sav that the
northwestern farmer are practically
all adhering to the decision uot to sell
wheat at loss than $2.00 a bushel while
the receipts of grain from other pri
mary shipping points are extremely
light. December wheat has reached
$1.59 :i 4, as against $1.00 a year ago.
.Mnv is 1.!8 1-8 against $1.07 1-8 a
year ago. Cash wheat is selling around
$1.05 depending on the grade, while
the millers are eagerly snapping up
all available milling wheat.
Produce Follows Wheat
As a result of wheat conditions, mill
ers sny, flour continues its steady rise.
I Special brands were quoted today in
i,uicngo ai iu a oarrei wnoiesaie.
Millers say that if the wheat advance
continues,' flour prices will hnve to
keep the jiace.
Members of tho board of' trnde today
said the present high prices could not
be blamed on speculation. They said
that were it 4iot for open trading on
the bonrds of trade, big elevator men
long ago wjtiid have cornered the sup
ply and wheat would have been much
higher than at present.
Produco prices are trailing close be
hind grain. Potatoes are $1.45 a bush
el wholesale ns compared to 48 cents a
year ago. Kggs, butter, poultry and pro
duce and other supplies are up corres
Mndingly in most cases. Dealers blame
fbad weather for the potato shortage
mid say the hot summer damaged pout
try and accounts for high egg prices.
With poor crops goes the heavy de
mand of warring countries for food
and dealers said lower prices were not
to be expected this winter unless an
embargo is established to keep food
stuffs in this country.
(Continued on Pan Thre.i
lievo n great deal offho Couraut ar
ticle is true.
The Courant asserted that special
representatives of the czar and Premier
Stunner met the kaiser and Field Mur
shnl Von Jliiidenberg r.t Kovno in Au
gust. Kxuctly what caused the negotia
tions to be broken off was not learned.
One rcNrt was thnt Kussia leurued that
ltumnnia was about to enter the war.
Another reKrt was that Kmperor ranr.
Joicf lias refused to cede Galiciu and
llukowiiia to Kussia, the price demand
ed by the czar for a separate peace.
Kussia was sad to be willing to iiiiikc
a separate peace because she was a
fraid of Japanese nggressinn in China,
because General Jlrusiloff's offensive
had failed to capture I.emherg nnd
Kovol and because the allies hud not
given Tier sureeiwful cjooperution on
Germany, according to a neutral in
The Hague was willing to see thnt Tur
kev made some concessions to Kussia
regarding the Dnrduuelles. I'olnud was
ade a fcioiMom, with a slice ot
. I., i l... i'r;.,,... i ....,,..1.1
Skeletons Long Buried in
Railroad's Grave Yards
May Be Dug Up
POLITICS TO BE SHOWN
Roads Will Put Up Bitter
Fight to Prevent Ghost
Washington, Oct. 5. A parado of po
litical ghosts not rivaled in the history
of the country may rosult if the su
preme court upholds the district court
action of yesterday ordering President
Milton II. Smith of the louisvillo and
NaahviUe railroad, to answer Interstate
commerce commission questions as to
his road's political activities. Federal
experts admitted this today.
Skeletons of the railroad family that
have lain-undisturbed for years may
be brought to light. Charges of politic
al string pullinir by railroads through
out the country particularly with ref
erence to the eight hour law, but also
with reference to campaign contribu
tions have been made unofficially as
reccntlv as the present campaign.
In the Louisville and Xashville case,
it is reported that if Smith is made by
the supreme court to answer all of the
commission's questions, tho Gocbel case
which disrupted Kentucky politics for
years will again be brought into tho
limelight with- perhaps other cases to
The effect of the district court 's de
cision was to give the commission
Iower to examine nil railway finances,
including political contributions.- This
power never has been admitted by the
railroads and a further bitter fight is
expected before the question is decid
If tho decision is sustained, it will
give the commission power to determino
just how millions of dollars that have
figured in state and national politics
were spent if they were spent, as al
legedby the railroads.
That other railroads against which
charges have been made will bo hauled
up to answer was considered about cer
tain. Government investigators havs
accumulated masses of evidence tond
ing to show political activities of oth
er roads and have run into tho stone
wall of "refusals to answer."
Stock Market Strong
Prices Still Climb
New York, Oct. 6. Hailroad Bhares
which started upward yesterday in the
market's ii : t I consecutive million share
day were strong nguiu at the opening
of tlit1 stock exchange today, leaders iu
this group of the stock list showing in
itial advances of oue hnlf to two points.
One specialty after another wns bowl
ed forward, gains ranging up to 0 1-2
Cuban American sugar jumped 0 1-2
to III HI on announcement of heavy pur
chase of sugur by the allies, Cuban cane
made a new high nt 07 11, up 2 and
American beet Fold to a record price lit
9!) 1-4 at noon.
International agricultural corporation
came into piny with publication of a
favorable annual stutement, preferred
RATTLE DRY BONES
PERSHING WILL STAY
UNTIL PROPERTY AND
LIFE ARE BOTH SAFE
Atlantiic City. N. J., Oct. 5. There
will be no withdrawal of American
troops from Mexico, ns n result of (ien
eral Cnrrauza's insistence on this point
In the discussions of the American and
Mexican commissioners in session here.
Genera! Pershing's column will not
return to American soli until foreign
life and property isi assured of safety
south of the Itio (Irnnde. There have
been no intimations here that Carranza
would recall his commissioners if the
matter of troop withdrawal is not im
mediately settled, but in the face of ad
missions that the first chief is insist
ing upon (Ieneral Pershing's early
withdrawal this authoritative state
ment of the American Hsition was
made today. Tim American commission
ers believe there is much to be dis
cussed and settled before the matter
of troop withdrawn! is taken up. Chang
es that will bring safety to American
and other foreign life and property
involve almost innumerable questions
which must bo frankly discussed. The
Ameriian commissioners are acting in
the capacity of advisors, in one sense
to lho Mexicans. The' art insisting
MT. LASSEN ACTIVE
Redding, 'Cal., Oct 5. For
" the second time in two days,
Mt. Lassen, California's volca-
no, showed signs of actiivity to
day. . . A small blowout yesterday
was followed early today by a
' manifestation of greater magni
tude. Although today's disturb
ance was far from being a big
erution, smoke appeared to be
issuing from the northern part
of the crater. A stiff ' wind blew
these smoke clouds southward.
The smoke eruption showed
no abatement after it had been
in progress for an hour.
His Itinerary Mapped Out
Makes Start from New
New York, Oct. 5. Thirty-six stops
with an average of from throe to five
speeches ou each stop are on the pro
gram for the third western tour of Gov
ernor, Hughes. The complete itinerary,
announced today follows: .
Loave New York Monday for New
ark where at noon a speech will be
made. Hughes returns to New York by
automobile and will register; October 9,
Philadelphia; October10, Hngcrstown,
Md., and Baltimore; October 11, Clarks
burg, Parkersburg, Huntington, Charles
ton, W. Va.j October 12, Pikesville,
Prestouburg, Paintsville, Louisa, Ash
land, Louisville, Ky.; October 13,
Springfield, Joplin, Mo.; October - 14,
Falls City, Beatrice, Falrbury, York,
Lincoln, Neb.; October 15 (Sunday),
rest at Lincoln; October 10, Hastings,
Grand Island, Columbus, Fremont,
Omaha, Neb-; October 17, Mitchell,
Sioux Falls, Yankton, B. lj.; Sioux City,
Iu.; October 18, Niles, Kalamazoo,
Orand Kapids, Michigan; 'October 19,
Bay City, Saginaw, Flint1, Mich., and
Youngstov.n, Ohio; arrive New York
Friday, October 20, at 2 p. m.
Crowd to See Games :
Will Break Records
Boston, Mass., Oct, S. The greatest
out -of town crowd ever to visit Dostou
for a world's series was predicted here
today by hotel managers. Thousands of
reservations for rooms continue to pour
into Boston and it is estimated that
between 25,000 and 30,000 persons will
bo seeking hotel accommodations by
It was announced today that iti will
be impossible for Jack Berry to start
in the first against the Dodgers Satur
day, lie still has two fingers of his
injured hand bound in tape. Harold
Janvrin will be at second.
Tho Red Sox will go to Worcester,
Mass., this afternoon where they will
play a game for the benefit of a fund
for erection of a monument to John
Ouffuey, a former umpire.
Some Big Bets
New York, Oct. !. The fist big bet
on the world s series was reported to
dav when K. K. Hinathers, former own
er" of Dun Patch, bet $20,000 to $11,
000 the Ked Sox would clean up. Smath
ers also is reported to have bet $0,
000 against $.0,000 the (Hants wont
win the National league flag next year.
jumping four and a half to SO 1-2 and
common 3 3 8 at 19 3-8.
American woolen advanced 3 1-2 to
52 14 and Pittsburg coal was up 1 7-8
at 37 3-4. Hails continued strong.
that Mexico must realize that as a
nation she cannot live to herself alone.
The rights of foreign powers with in
vestments in Mexico must be reeogniz-
ed. While endeavoring to avoid givingi
tho Impression of interference in Mexi
can internal affairs, the obligations
of tho government authorities under
international law are being pointed
Must Guarantee Safety
The matter of withdrawal of Ameri
can troops crops up repeatedly in the
conference, but it is acknowledged the
discussions for the past two days have
been moro along the line of Mexico's
IKisition as a nation. Not only Amer
can but all foreign rights have l'ii
presented by the American commis
sioners as subjects which must be giv
en consideration ill Mexico.
The situation has readied the point
where it Involved lengthy discussion of
every phase of Mexican life, f econom
ic problems and national iewpoint to
wards other powers.
The Mexicans are anxious that the
(Continued pn Page Four.)
150,000 Nebraskans Gather
From AH Parts of State to
LINE OF MARCH JAMMED
LONG BEFORE PARADE
Route From Depot to Club
Room a Continuous Roar
By Robort J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.) '
Omaha,' Neb., Fired by a spectacular
reception from 150,000 Nebraskans,
President Wilson today made his first .
campaign appeal to the west.' Speaking
to the 300 members of the Omaha Com-'
mercial club at ' a noon day luncheon' 1
here,- the president challenged oriticism. :
of his business legislation and defined
its purposes. -He
is in a happy mood. His route'
from the station to tho club had been.
lined with thousands of people who
cheered continuously. His entrance to '
the' banquet room resulted in an ova-'
tion lasting five minutes. ,
At the president's table were many
prominent Ncbrasknn democrats, in
cluding Governor J. H. Morehead, Sen
ator Hitchcock and Mayor Dahlman. - '
Just before luncheon was concluded
ice cream was served In the form of
white doves of peace carrying American
flags. The crowd mingled laughter .'
with cheejrs in an outburst of ap
proval. . -In
introducing the president," J. A."
Sunderland, president of the. Omaha
Commercial club;- expressed . apprecia-'
tinn.that the celebration of Nebraska's
fiftieth anniversary as a state of the
Union, had succeeded in bringing the
president away from his official duties.
Th President Talks,
"I notice, however old the records
of this part of the country may be, noth- ,
K reuuy K"- siarieu unill uv years
ago," the president began. "Sinee that
time this part of tho country has start
ed many things.
"It is useful to make new beein-
n i ncs to break traditions to meet the
conditions arising when shackles vf the
past have been broken off.
" there are mnnv circumstances that
make one feel the present state of tho
world is beyond measure tragical. It is,
however, going to do Amorica a great
service. It is going to make every
American obliged to realize he lives ia .
a new nge full of prosportc and proph-
"The time has rome when America
has had thrust upon her tho necessity
to participate in world trade. For de
cades we've got to serve the world. It
alters every political question, every
domestic question und those who inist
upon doing new things In tbe old way
are going to be left lit the tail end of
"Heretofore it hns been thought
necessary by those who wished to ex
ploit the world. Hereafter it must b
done to gam the confidence of the
world. The ideals of America are to ba
put to the test. It is a pity nut to b
young these days.
"I want you' to know that in my
conception it matter not who does thes
things providing you see to it thnt
they are done. Certain things that havn
recently beeu accomplished by legisla
tion have been accomplished with these
things in mind- In respect to our com
mercial policy I have always been im
pressed with how much attention tho
United Stutes paid to herself and how
little she studied the markets of the
On his way to the reviewing stand
the president passed through throe milea
of the main streets of Omaha. It wn
estimated fully 300,000 people packed
tho thoroughfares and accorded him the.
greatest ovation since he took office,
i lie president was forced to stand ia hia
car throughout the journey. Kvery
building fairly burst with people loan-,
ing out of windows and shouting wel
come. ('SDjiix 2bJ Tuojj pannjiuoo)
J THE WEATHER :
tonight and Fri
day; light frost
east portion to
How Do VtoiTN