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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1916)
Tft SHY ii n f
w FULL LEASED
$ . . .
CIRCULATION IS -
OVER 4000 DAILY ;
DTHIRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 210
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FTVB CENTS
ARE FORCED TU RETREAT
'German, Bulgarian and Turkish Armiv Attack On Three
Sides Battle Rages Since Monda -Berlin Dispatch
Says They Were Forced to Withdraw Hasty Flight
Allies Have Taken 200 Square Miles Ji Territtory On
Somme Front and Are Making Gains Daily
By Henry Wood,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the French Armies on the Somme, Oct. 4. The
sllies have now widened their breach in the German lines
on the Somme front over a forty five kilometer front
( about twenty-five miles) to a maximum depth of 15
kilometers (about eight and one-half miles.)
In the early days of the offensive the allied attacks
were delivered on a front extending from a point north
of the Albert-Bapaume highway to a point north of
Chaulnes. The capture last week of Thiepval extended
the British attack almost to the Ancre brook. The French
reached south of Chaulnes and captured the village of
A heavy rain that hindered operations for two days
ceased falling yesterday noon and artillery began tuning
up, particularly south of the river..
North of the Somme the French last night completed
the conquest of a German trench between Mo'rval and
St. Pierre Vaast wood, taking two hundred prisoners.
South of the river, there was a violent bombardment in
the region of Belloy-En-Santerre but no important in
British Take Village.
London, Oct. 4. The village of Enu
court L'Abbaye, three1 miles from Ba-
Aiioaje . tnrec' miles from Ha-
rna completely occupied by thei
Inst night i. a resumption of i
the Somme offensive, General Haig re
p.irted this afternoon.
The British lines were pushed into
the village several days ago, but the
ieimans clung tenaciously to several
houses. These were cleared of the en-
uy in last night's fighting.
After n slight intermission, the heavy
downpour of rain was resumed on the
Nunnie front yesterday afternoon inter
fering with the infuutry operations.
There was considerable artillerying
s'-uth of the Aucre, however.
Submarines at Work.
Berlin, via wireless to rtnyville, L. I.,
Oct. 4. Fruin September 20 to Septem
ber 29, German submarines ouerutiuir
in the North sea and English channel,
s.Mik in addition to those previously re-1
ported, 11 Knglish fishing steamers and
tour Belgian sen lighters and 35 other
hostile boats, including 27 fish steamers
with a total tonnage of 14,000. Thirty,
ot-e prisoiieis were brought in.
Fierce Battle Rages.
London, Oct. 4. The Rumanian army
tl at crowed the Danube into Bulgaria
is under attack from three, sides.
.Small Bulgarian forces, detached from
the garrisons at Rustchuk and fcilistrn,
ivnnced against the invaders from
west and east while German, Bulgarian
it'id Turkish, moved up tho Varna rail
way begun a general assault. The bat
tle has been raging -since Monday with
the result still in doubt.
At the same time, the fighting in Dob
rudja and Transylvania, where the Ku
munians are on the offensive, is grow
ing more violent. ' With their Russian
nliies, the Rumanians tro attacking
w ith the utmost vigor seemingly to pre
vent the enemy from shifting reinforce
ments to meet the Rumanian invaders.
No anxiety is felt here for the safety
nf the Rumanian army in Bulgaria de-
Hud Moots savs that if fie could sell
his dress suit he wouldn't go back t
"ilege this fall. "Xuthin' shows up
vi.ur wheel base like & pair o' white
sl.nes." said Miss Fawn I.ippincut
spite the German official statement
that a pontoon bridge in the rear of the
invBjiu(f armv been destroyed by
.. .. - ; - . ., . ;, '
onen.y monitors Th faet th.t the Ru-
mauians were able to transport a large
army across the Danube was held to be
sufficient proof that they command tie
Are Forced to Witlttfaw,
Berlin. Oct. 4. The Rumanian force
that crossed the Danube and invaded
Bulgaria has been forced to withdraw
in hasty flight, it was officially -an
nounced this afternoon.
Attacked on three sides by German
and Bulgarian troops and threatened
with envelopment, the Rumanians re
treated. The crossing had been made near
Rjasovo, the Rumanians using trans
ports and pontoon bridges. Teutonic
monitors destroyed one of the pontoons,
endangering the Rumanians line of sup
plies. Meanwhile Bulgar and Germnn
forces approached on both flauks and
on the front.
Tinned back against the river, the
Rumanians were threatened with a repe
tition of the disaster at Tutrukan,
where 23.000 Rumanian troops were
trap)ed on tho south bank of the
Danube and captured while hundreds
were drowned trying to swim the river.
The Gennan-Bulgnr encircling move
ment thus brought to an enW the first
invasion of Bulgaria, widely heralded in
the allied press as the beginning of a
great campaign to flank Mnckensen out
In Transylvania, Rumanian attacks in !
the Gorgenv valley were fruitless but
the Rumanians obtained succeses west
In Macedonia, the Germans and Bui
gars withdrew to new positions on their
right wing between Lake l'resba and
Nize Planina. The British have occupied
Rumanians in Bulgaria.'
Sofia, Oct. 4. Bulgarian forces have
occupied the Rumanian island of Kalnk
kala'fat near the Danube, it was official
ly announced today.
Tho war office admitted at the same
time, that "considerable units" of Ru
manians crossed the Danube and invad
ed Bulgaria before Bulgarian monitors
destroyed a pontoon bridge
The river was bridged by the enemy
Bulgarian artillery has stopped the
enemy's offensive on the Hesaul-Amza
A previous official statement from
the Bulgarian war office said that Hu
manian troops were transported across
the Danube in boats. Apparently after
the first force was transported in this
manner pontoon were thrown across
the river and reinforcements passed in
Rumanian Gun Boats on Danube.
I'etrograd, Oct. 4. Russian gnu boats
have steamed down the Danube river
and tire bombarding the Bulgarian left
flank near Rasova in Dobrudja, it was
officially announced today.
The Russian warships are co-operatiug
with the Russo-Riimanian forces now at
tacking Field Marshal Muckenscn's
army south of the Conntnnza railway.
The battle is going on along the line
extending from Raaova through Kaba
den to 1'ervnli.
On' the Austro Oerman front stub
born battles are going on in the region
(Continued on Paz Tws J
New York, Oct. 4. The an
nual report of the nion Pacific
railroad today indicated oarn
ing of 15.65 per cent on common
stock during tho year ended
June 30 against 10.98 the pre
In anticipation of the state
ment, Union Pacific common
sold at 151 Vj up one point on
the stock exchange during the
Total revenue was $104,717,
.005, an increase of $17,758,710
The surplus available divi
dends and improvements was
$38,777,50", an increase of $10,
384,948 and the surplus after
theso items had been substract-
were $13,487,950, an incrcaso
SOLVING M PROBLEM
Would Substitute Pick and
Shovel for Gun and War
' Headquarters American-M e x 1 e a n
Joint Commission, Hotel Trayinore, At
lantic City, N. J., Oct. 4. It may be
unwelcome news to certain bandits and
Mexicans who have been living off the
fight, ra her than the fat of tho land,
but there is a scheme on to put Mexi
co to work.
The committee of mining men, who
conferred with the Americaii-Mexicau
peace commissioners alike the past two
days, saw tho Mexican group again to
day. Theso sessions are the basis for
the work idea. The mining men are
going over the tax situation of Mexi
co, tho railroad problem, and gonoral
plans for putting Mexico's working ma
chinery back into order and for sub-
stitutinir use of nick nud shovel for
the rifle and sabre as a national pas-'
The American commissioners have
served notice that the United States
cannot guarantee returns of Americans
to tho mining districts until the safe
ty of life and property is assured
which may be interpreted to mean that
whilo Carranza S complaining about
withdrawal of American troops, it is
up to him to get control of the inter
ior districts whero idle mines are lo
cated. While Cnrranza is still insisting on
early withdrawal of the Pershing fore
os in any discussion of border patrol
it is denied that he has made any threat
to recall his commissioners if there is
Snortsman Club Is
Chiea2o. Oct. 4. States Attorney
Hovne continued to pile up evidence to
day which he alleues involves city hall
and police officials in the affairs of
Mayor Thompsons' Snortsnu-n club
which was raided by liny ne here this
week. Hoyne will present the eviidenco
to a grand jury this afternoon.
Among the charges lie is expected to
make against the Sportsmen's club
Conspiracy to perform an unlawful
aet, embezzlement, larceny by bailee,
obtaining money under fHlse pretenses.
According to lioyne grnfting took the
form of riikeoffs' on pool machines,
high priced memberships; buying im
munity for nnmniooK miming nnci guinu
ling pools of various kinds and freedom
tor saloon keepers ana vice unoj.
The police yesterday ranted- a pool
room and nrre'stcd 2" 'men on charges
Wheat Shades Off
in Chicago Markets
Chicago, Oct. 4. Wheat was easier
today. Buying was less active and
there were liberal offerings. December
was down 3-n at 1..W and May down
Corn 0ened steady, but eased off
during later trading. December was un
changed at 73 and May down y-S at 77
. Oats were in demand, but quite
heavy offerings served to keep prices
Oats for December were down 1-8 at
48 3-4 and Hay down at fl 5 8.
Provisions drew higher prices, al
though there was a break in opening
pork prices over yesterday.
Clamdisgers To Be
Mustered Out Sunday
Tacoma. Wash., Oct. 4. Sunday. Oc
tolier S, has been set by Colonel William
M. Inglis for the ceremony of muster
ing out the Second Washington infan
try, which has been in camp at Amer
ican lake, near here, since -returning
from Calexico. some time ago.
Preparations are being made by the
various cities that have units in the
regiment to formally welcome the troops
when they return to their homes. Spo
kane and' Seattle each have battalions
in the regiment and these will return
to their home cities as units. The otu
er cities in the stnte are represented by
or, - or two companies.
Thousands Tarn Out to Greet
and Accord Him Tremend
OMAHA WILL HEAR HIM
New Rallying Cry Is "Prepare
for Peace by Re-electing
IN CHICAGO OCT.
Chicago,. Oct. 4. President
Wilson's big Chicago address
will bo delivered at the large
Stock Vard amphitheatre, Oc
tober ID. Invitations arc being
sent to 10,000 newly naturalized
men and women. The president
will be here more than an hour
tonight on his way to Omaha.
By Robert 3. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Massillon, Ohio, Oct, 4. (On board
President Wilson's train.) President
Wilson 's first journey Into the central
west Bince accepting re-nomination for
office has served to delight his politi
While holding strictly to his intention
nf mnkincr no snecchos which miullt
characterize his, trip as campaign juu
ket, President jfj.ilson today greeted.
thousands -of voters who turned out
along the route and accorded him: tie
At Salem, Alliance, Canton and otheA
points where brief stops v.'ero mndt.
fully 20,000 throngeu about his car. No
calls were made for speeches. Nothing
but shouting and cheering and the presi
dent responded only with waves of tho
hand and handshaking.
At Canton he halted the deinonstrn
riou long eiiougli to send his regards to
Senator Pomerene, democratise caaui
date for re-electiou who. is facing a
hard fight in this state.
"Please give my regards to Senator
Pomerene," the presidcut said and was
The president characterised his trip
so far as "the kind of hospitality that
makes a man's heart very warm.'
His mission this time, his manager
says, has the same object a when ho
followed the same route last winter. He
ifoes to urae " preparedness for pence.''
Tlie "peace insurance-' men ucain-u
aud later secured, was a vote from con
gress materially strengthening the army
and navy. Now he wants a vote from
the people on whether his "foreign pol
icy of peace" snail De preserved, or
whether the republican party shull be
placed in power and this policy changed.
The president has declared such a
change would ccrtiiinly draw the nation
into the embroilment or me r.uro-
pean war." ino new rallying cry ui
tho democratic lenders is "prepare for
peace by re-electing Wilson."
Umalia, wnere me preaiui-in
Thursday evening, Is the heart of the
great agricultural community where the
peace appeal lias always iouiiu euuius
The president was hero nearly two
hours early today but few knew it. Sev
eral hundred railroud men and a lew
democrats stood about the private cur
iu which the president slept, ironi Lin
cauo he takes an "air line" route to
Omuha with few stops,
Wilson Meets "Willie."
Alliance, Ohio, Oct. 4. "Well, Wil
:..' limuiilii.it Yvtliuiii in sur
" . . . , . ... i
OWNS HE PASSES
prise when his special train sio ipeii , ,
I . i.!Attimi tlint film lnrin tm.fiirv WAtt trvinir to
here today and a prosperous
business man clambered out of
crowd to greet the chief executive.
" Willie" .was William Harris, who
served President Wilton ns his first of
fice boy in Atlanta, Oa., more than zO
Whole Town Was There.
It was announced today that the
president will name today or tomorrow
the, hoard of three to investigate the
operation of the eight hour law on rail
road. At Salem ho received an ovation from
thousands who came out to greet hiiu.
It seemed as if tlm. whole 11,000 of the
town's noulution was present.
Cries of "we're for you, Woody,"
put him in excellent humor and obvious
ly pleased him. Mrs. Wilson, who stood
just inside the door watching the dem
onstration, was also pleased.
The ovation was repeated nt Alliance,
where thousands of railroad Workers
shouted a welcome. The party encounter
ed some real hardships of campaigning
at Alliance when the steam in the priv
ate car refused to work and the presi
dent sent in a hurry call for another
car. Several thousand school children
led by the high school band warmed
Sugar Trust Takes Toll from
; Candy in Christmas'
CAR SHORTAGE JUMPS
CHRISTMAS TREE PRICES
Restaurants to Charge for
Bread and Butter, and
Also for Potatoes
Tortlnnd, sOro., Oct. 4. And next we
have tho high cost of Christmas. Santa
Claus is going to be an exclusive oid
gentleman this year. He won't come
around unless you have the money. '
Most of tho Christmas trees Kris
Kringle distributes on the Pacific coast
come from Oregon. Dealers announced
today that the price of trees was sky
rocketing. The freight car famine has
b lot to do with it.
Greece is getting rcudy to enter the
war, so there won't be so many raisins
in this yuletide's plum pudding. The
Ureek raisin market is shut ' off and
Cnlifornin growers are reported to have
organized a combine.
In days of yore the kiddies and old
folks used to sit by the fire and crack
walnuts Christmas night. Cracking
walnuts will be an expensive pastime
next December. They have already
jumped five cents n pound and many
must do without them altogether. Whole
salers are already refusing orders to
deliver walnuts during the holidays.
(There are none to be had.
Almonds arc almost as scarce. Cali
fornia supplies the Oulk of them and
growers there have quit selling, ae-.!
cording to Portland market men.
Many a littlo chap won't find any
candy in the toe of Ids sock. The ex
treme price of sugar has sent'thc cost
of all candies to record breaking prices.
Cheaper grades those red striped pep
permint canes, for Instance are hard
est hit. They contain more sugar than
Dealers agree that it will cost more
to celebrate than ever before. Even
mulberries ore climbing into the band
wagon. Kris Kringle 's famous saluta
tion: "Merry Christmas to all, and
to all a tlood Night," Is singularly ap
propos this winter.
Reclalniarits to Raise Prices.
Donver, Colo., Oct, 4. With potatoes
selling at $3 per hundred pounds and
nn advance in bread prices by bakers
only temporarily postponed Denver res
taurant proprietors planned to make a
chnrge for Bide dishes of potatoes Bcrvcd
with meat orders. It was also urged
at the meeting of prominent restuu-
jnntenrs, held yesterday, that a charge
of three or five cents be made for
bread and butter, but thtit question was
held in nbeynnee (lending definite action
by the bakers.
An advance of two cents per pound in-
the price , of extra fancy butter yester
day set a mark of I'.S cents per pound
wholesale, tho highest price, in years
nt this time of the veil r. Fggs were
quoted nt M cents for strictly fresh
grades, an average of three cents per
dozen anil eight cents higher than last
year. Vegetables are quoted about tho
siiine prices ns lust year.
- While milk prices are tho same as
hist year, the loading duirvmen of the
city nre discussing a plnu to sell dollar
tickets culling for 11 quarts, ouo less
than at present.
At an exciting session of the Denver
Housewives' League yesterday a federal
investigation into the increase of cost
of all foodstuffs was demanded. Dur
ing niiimnted discussion of the bread
question, threats of a boycott against
merchants "who are allied with the food
tniatti " vutirit lii.nril f itllnu-i 11 tr nil aenifcn.
force nil increase of 60 per cent in the
price of breed for the purpose of dnv
iug smaller bakeries out of business.
Potatoes for Ornaments.
Portland, Ore., Oct. 4. We -may be
wearing potatoes for watch charms and
shirt studs before spring if famine
predictions mndo today by Oregon farm
Market experts forecasted nn acute
shortage of spuds in tho I'nited States
as n result of bad eastern crops, lau
forniu and Idaho exiled tho spud in fa
vor of the bean this season. The Wash
inn-ton production is also small.
Kansas and Nebraska are already bid
dinif for Oregon tubers. California
agents are in the field running for big
shipments using caution so as not to
start mi inieindiuto boom.
WANT8 THANK OFFERING
Down in Douglns county W. H. Katon
a Duptist minister, is ndvocating tnat
the prune growers give a thank offer
ing to the Lord, and suggests that
sums from 100 to 1 1)00 would be con
venient amounts. It is estimated that
the prune crop in Douglas county will
be woith jOOjOOO this year.
sic ijc s)c )(c sc j(t st lt st sfi st st si Jt
CROWD SEES TRAGEDY
Portland, ' Or, Oct. " 4.
Clutching frantically . at crev-.
ices in thestone work, Alex '.
. Kovalchuk, age 2d; a window j.
washer,- swayed on a narrow
window ledge three stories a-
bove ground- today while ,a
crowd watched. Anally he top-
pled and crashed to - the side-
walk. . " - .
The man was taken to a hos-
nital evidently terribly hurt.
a big department store build
ing into Tenth street, a busy
downtown thoroughfare at noon
A Jap Newspaper Recently
Said, "If Named He Would
Tokio, Oct. 4. Field Mnrshal Te
rauchi has been appointed prime minis
ter, succeedinig Marquis Okuma, who
Count Marshal Terauchi, the new
Japanese premier holds the highest
rank in the Japanese army and until
his appointment to the premiership to
day was governor general of Korea.
Terauchi, a fighting man - strongly
supported by Japanese leaders favoring
a strong military policy, is understood
to have been the candidate of the up
per house of tho Japanese parliament.
He has been described by writers as
the champion of an aggressive expan
sionist policy, particularly with refer
ence to China. One Jaanese newspaper
declared recently that if Terauchi ever
succeeded Okuma as prime minister, it
would not be long before a Japanese
army was on the road to Peking.
As Washington Sees It
Washington, Oct. 4. The appoint
ment of Count Marshall Terauchi, pre
mier of Japanese, is an effort of the
emperor to pick a niau who wifl win
tho support of the political factions of
Japan and put an end to the bitter
party strife of tuo past lew years, ac
cording to Japanese officials here to
Terauchi, being a military man, it
was said, belongs to no party and there
fore is in a eood position to win sup
port of al factions. - It is expected
that he will name a coalition cabinet
The efforts being made to bitrmon
ize the political groups in Japan, is
said to be for tlie purjiosc or geuing
the country solidly behind the gov
ernment on the three big questions of
tho day; Japan's relations with tho
United States, her relations wun i ni
nn nn.l the uiicstion of taxation for
the maintenance and increase of her
army and navy.
Terauchi 's attitude toward the east
ern issues is not definitely known by
Japaneno officials here, they said.
Speaking of his future stand on the
Jupancse immigration and land ques
tion with the I'nited States, they said,
however, that Terauchi had a reputa
tion in Japun for extreme caution re
garding international questions nud
hat they were sure he would do noth
ing to harm the friendly relations be
tween .lanan and the I'nited States.
Terauchi was formerly minister of wur.
Negotiations Dropped On Ac
count of Fight Mayor
Suspects Put Up Job
Seattle, Wash., Oct. 4. The water
front strike is on again today In full
blast, despite the optimism which pre
vailed here for the past 48 hours, look-
ug towards peace.
Captain Gibson, president of the Wat
erfront Employers' association, has is
sued a statement that tlie peace nego
tiations are off because of a riot ne
tween union and non union men Mon
"It is evident there arc irrcconcil
aides who want violence," ho said,
"and these must be dealt with."
Mayor Hiram Oill suspects a colored
gent behind tho woodpile, and bluntly
snvs that Captain Gibson's excuse for
calling off the peace negotiations is not
the real one.
"The proposition 'for peace is Too MR
to be ended because a few irresponsible
men had a fight," Mayor Oill said to
day. He sharplv denounced Captain Gibson
and former 'Chief of Police Louis Lung,
in charge of the private guards at the
waterfront, saying that neither wants
a settlement because they are now
"drnwlng too big salaries."
It's a aood thing we can't see our
selves think of the suffering thnt we
AT BIG LOVE FEAST
Taft the Potatoes, Hughes the
Meat and Teddy the -Flavoring
ROOT, PENROSE, BARNES
AND CRANE "REMNANTS"
Motto On Menu Card: "It Is
Sweet for Brethren to
Dwell Together in Unity
By J. P. Toder: '
(Uuited Press' staff correspondent.)
New York', Oct. 4. Strains from the
ex-presidents harmony duet still cloyed
the atmosphere around republican head
quarters today. William H. Taft and
Theodore Roosevelt had met shaken
hands AND spoken.
'1 wo years ago they met at a funeral.
Lost night it was a sort of christening
bee. The christening was "harmony."
The Union League club waa the chris
tening spot. Wo mere reporters were
permitted to desecrate the scene bnt
Roosevelt aud Taft did shake hands.
They both asked "How'd you do," but .
neither answered the question. There
was not any one who heard any "Dear
W ill " or " Dear Theodore ' ' stuff. The
two merely nodded, Taft stuck his hand
cut. Roosevelt grabbed it, gave it one
up and down pump and dropped it. Then
the' two, with Chauncey M. Dcpcw
standing between them stood in line
while all the big republicans in New -York
City passed along behind open
faced suits and with outstretched hand
tliat itched to be shaken by two former
presidents and a would-be president
lie was-Charles Hughes on the same '
night.,, - -" ... .
Tart Meets Teaay.
That much Is agreed today by every
one who was inside, while the reporters
were kept outside, looking in.
As to just who got the colonel and
Judge Taft together there is difference
of opiniou. Taft arrived before Roose
velt and had taken his place in liua
when, Roosevelt shaking hands right
and left appeared. Some say Governor
Whitman hooked his arm through the
colonel's, led him over to Taft and said:
"Mr.. Taft hem's Colonel Roosevelt."
Some say George R. NicUlunr'llid tha
deed. f '
At any rate that's all there was to
it insofar as Taft and Roosevelt were
concerned. Some said they were cordial.
Others said neither smiled. This later
was refuted by still others who said
it would have been physically impos
sible fur either to keep from grinning.
But there were other little high spot
that made) it almost as interesting as
if the colonel aad Taft hail hugged each,
other. For instance when Roosevelt got
in the elevator, who should have been
crowded against him but W, Murray
Crane, who is said to have accumulat
ed as ninny unsaid words as he has
dollurs. The two spoke but Roosevelt
alone spoke nbove a whisper. When ha
suid his howdy-do, Crane leaned rare
fully over to the colonel's ear some
say it was the colonel's right ear, others
the left and moved his lips. Roosevelt,
according to eye witnesses, pretended to
hear Crnne and iu turn leaned to Crane'
ear. His lips moved. Crnne smiled.
nodded his head and once more whisper
ed hi Kooscvelt's car. xtoosevoit suiueu.
That was all of that.
Barnes Crowded Away.
Then Roosevelt ran against Kliha
Hoot, who guided Taft's "tank" at
Chicago in 11112. Iloth smiled broadly, .
and shook hunds. This act brought much,
hu bi 7.z of approval aud some hand
clapping. There isn't liny more of
But Jhe incident no one forgot to men
tion, it hen the ncws-hutiRiy reporter
were being tossed tho official scrap
c.f information, was the meeting lie- .
tween well you'd never guess be
tween Boise Penrose and Roosevelt.
Penrose ponderously paraded to the re
ceiving line and gut a real smile, so
William ' Barnes wns a late arrival.
Ho navs the crowd wns so thick he wa
unable to get close enough to the col-
(Contiuu3d from Page Thioe.)
frost west, heavy
frost eust por
(i Pont x'novV.