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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1916)
OVER 4000 DAILY
GREAT GUNS BATTERING
WW. OF DEFENSES
Artillery Th; ound Up First Line of German Trenches
Moved Ij I j Prepare Way For Another Infantry Advance-,
s jms StiD Advancing Threaten Offensive
. Along EnJ 800 Mile Front-Italian Advance Is Slow
But Steady in Trentino Campaign
. . v By Ed L. Keen,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, July 5.The supreme offensive of the allied
armies on the western front has entered its second phase
with British and French guns preparing the way for anr
other infantry rush against the German lines.
The guns that broke down German defensive works
and cleared the path for the attack launched last Satur
day have been moved up and are directing a terrific can
nonade against the German third line of defenses. The
artillerying spread along a wide front yesterday.
Opposite the British front the German artillery is
making a stronger reply than during last week's cannon
ading. German reserves continue to press forward to
reinforce the Somme lines. Thus far the kaiser has not
shifted troops at any other sector of the western front to
meet the allied attack.
The reinforcements, it is believed, are coming from
the central reserve supply, which the German general
staff in the past has shifted from one front to the other
in successful offensives.
On practically all fronts where the allied armies are
now engaged in the great squeeze, the offensives have set
tled down from spectacular strokes to the systematic
grinding in of the Austro-German lines.
. The Russians alone,, now threatening to break out in
an offensive along their'entire 800 mile front and reported
already to have invaded Hungary, are counting their
progress by miles each day.
The Italians are making steady but very slow progress
in their offensive against the Austrians in the Trentino.
Thus far the French, operating in the
allied offensive have occupied about
four .times as much territory, captured
more prisoners and generally have ap
jwared more successful than the British
north of the Somme. The reasons for
the greater' French succepueg as ex
plained today are- as follows:
The Germans assumed that the
French were so busy at Verdun that
they would be unable to participate in
a joint offensive. They made no unus
ual preparations to meet a French at
tack, but with knowledge of the exten
sive British preparations, thpy strength
ened their lines opposite the British
front. North of the Somme where the
British are attackinfg German lines of
communication are far stronger than to
tne south, where French guns already
linve disorganized the German transport
system to some extent by shelling the
roads leading from Peronne. The
ground north of the Somme is more dif
ficult for an advance, according to Bri
tish experts, than is the region where
the French are operating. Lastly the
English fed that the German desire to
land their most effective blow against
the British for the purpose of appeasing
popular clomor in Germany, impressing
neutrals and possibly creating a demand
for peace in England.
The Knglish people, however, are not
disturbed nor are they jealous over the
French successes. They realize that clev
er French strategy in flanking the Ger
mans north and south of the marsh
lands abutting the Somme has had much
to do with the striking French victories
in the advance on lVronne. The Ger
mans evidently anticipated a direct
Constable Newt Plum's son-in-law
lives in a flat an' ever' time he crosses
Lis legs he kicks his wife. Ther prom
ises t' be an unusual amouut o' trou
ble this year fer th' feller that prefers
f 3k i A.
frontal attack by the French. It is
felt here, however, that mere territorial
gains are not a criterion of the ultimate
result. Tne public is generally satis
fied that General Haig is steadily ac
complishing the real object of the of
fensive. Troops From Verdun.
The kaiser is withdrawing troops
from the Verdua front to meet the su-
j preme offensive of the allies which con
tinued to gain ground on both sides of
'the River Somme in last night's fight
ing. Dispatches from British headquarters
this afternoon announced the appeur-
aiice of German units from the Verdun
I battle ground on the front north of the
The news was regarded as vastly
j more important than the French and
British officinl statements, reporting
I further gains in most of the fighting
I How many German troops have been
, transferred from Verdun is not yet
j known. But British military men "de
: clared toight that the allied offensive
.already has succeeded in one of its ob
jects, the lightening of the German pres
sure on Verdun. They held that the
shifting of troops from that all-impor-tant
German ofefnsive indicates a
ehortage of German reserves and a real
ization by the Germans of the grave
menace of the present allied offensive,
ttreat Drive Resumed.
Statements from the German, British
and French war offices this afternoon
agreed that the allied drive was resum
ed on a grent scale last night with
heavy fighting on both sides of the
The French made important progress
on both banks of the river, pushing
enstwnrd and capturing German
trencnes past Curlu, on the north and
advancing to within less than three
miles of Peronne, their immediate ob
jective, in henvy fighting south of the
river. The French war office announced
the capture of the Doro Monte farm
(position) four miles north of Peronae
and south of the Somme.
Sir Douglas Haig, British commander
in chief, reported at 2 o'clock this aft
ernoon that the British have captured
further important enemy positions in
heavy .fighting between the Ancre and
the Somme. Press dispatches from Bri
tish headquarters carried the additional
w-ord that German counter attacks at
Thiepvnl were repulsed this morning.
The German wnr office this after
noon issued only a brief statement on
the allied offensive, announcing only
that violent fighting continues on both
sides of the Somme.
French Near Peronne.
By Henry Wood.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Paris, July S. French troops
advanced their lines to within less thun
three miles of the city of Peronne, o.ic
' great allied offensive, in a resumption
ot the fighting on a large scale north
and south of the Somme last night.
(Continued on Pace Biz.)
for Month of June
The following building permits were
issued from the city recorder's office
during the month of June:
June 2 P. H. D'Arcy, two-story
brick building Dt 475 Court street,
June 3 E. 8. Barker, one-story frame
residence, 1275 North Cottage street,
June 12 Central Congregational
church, 1895 Ferry street, addition to
cnurch to cost $1,200.
Juno 2G John Kirk, two-story frame
building, 540 Mill street, 1,300.
Policemen Arresting Six Men
In Auto Finds Body of
Salem, Mass., July 5 Six men were
arrested here early today when they
were foaud with the body of a woman
lvine on the floor of the tonnenu of
their automobile. Thev were taken to!
tue police station aiulbooked on a
charge of being accessories to an ille
gal operation. One of the meu gave
his name as ex-representative Charles
K. O'Connell of Peabody. The wom
an was identified as Miss Margaret
The woman was the sister-in-law of
Police Sergeant Charles Duffy, who
was one of the two officers to make
the arrest. He identified the body.
In the car with ex-representative
O'Connell was his brother, James O'
Connell of Lynn, George A. liardwell
of the U. S. 8. Kersenrge, Daniel J.
Dineen of Salem, William Conlin of
Salem and Thomas Sexton of Peabody.
Patrolman Henly noticed the auto
mobile beinc driven back and forti
on Boston street about 4 a. m. He
stopped it " directly in front of Ser
geant. Duffy ' home and then discov
ered the body of theitead woman In a
sitting position in the tonneau. Duf
fy came out of his hom as -Ilealy
stopped the car and the two made the
J TODAY'S BALL SCORES i
Brooklyn-New York postponed, rain.
R. II. E.
Philadelphia 2 7 2
Boston 13 1
Rixey and Burns; Barnes, Hughes
R. If. E.
Cincinaati '. 19 1
St. Louis 4-4 0
Toney and Wingo; Williams and
- R. H. K.
Chicago 4 0 2
littbure 3 0 3
Hendrix, Lavender and
Miller, Harmon and Wilson.
R. H. E.
New York S 10 1
Washington 14 2
Keating nud Walters; Avers, Rice
Boston-Philadelphia poutponed, rain.
Onlv Americans scheduled.
Peaceful Tone of Reply
Is Due to Gompers and
Other Labor Leaders
Washington, July S. The Mexican
note delivered today by Mexican Am
bassador Arredondo to Secretary Lan
sing is expected to pave the way for
peaceful readjustment of trained rela
tions between the United States and
Mexico. If so it will reveal a remark
able bit of unofficial diplomacy.
There was a time, it became known
today, when Oeneral Carrauza had
framed and pructicully was ready to
send a defiant reply to the demands
of President Wilson. This was little
more than a 'week ago.
Then the unofficial diplomats got
busy. They include American and Mex
ican labor leaders and various persons
sympathetic with the cause of labor in
the United States. In the last class in
cluded Lincoln Stcffans, recently a
guest of General Cararnza for several
months. Among the labor leaders is
Samuel Gompers, head of the Americon
Federation of Labor. These men had
easy access to the attention of General
Carranza Gompers through the fact
that Carranza has worked in close touch
with Mexican labor leaders and the lat
ter have endorsed Gompers to bun.
The Mexican embassy here helped
I make the way easy for communicating.
The group of intermediaries bombarded
the first chief without let up. They
concentrated on one idea, they now
say, that of convincing Carranza that
President Wilson was sincere in his wish
SALEM, OREGONWEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1916
Expected Now That War Will
Not Break and Service
Will Be Brief
GENERAL PERSHING IN
FAVOR OF WTTHDRAWL
If This Is Done Regulars Will
Take Place of Militia
By Robert 3. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, July 5. Unless unto
ward events develop": militiamen now
stationed on the border, or m.l.mt,
there, probably, will De back in their
nuuiu me next lour months.
How to fill their places, however, is a
problem to which President Wilson and
anny men ore giving renous consider
ation. Men in touch wit; 1.1. 4l. ;,!.:-
and political aspects of the Mexican
;yvu irnnary todnv that
when the glamor of prospective war
weurs off. Rt it nnw Uni i,lai.. .i..
militiamen will seek to avoid - the'
drudgery and camp life and get back
to their families and employment
Military men say police work along
the border is strictly the regular ur
mv'g iob iind that ft, n.i:..ia4.A.:
must hearken to the Inevitable pro-
'' Kuarasmen against any long
continued border service.
Takin? theiut- plnmMitu ;.'.' A..u:.i
r- " ihiw vvtiaiutrr
at'on, military men said openly today
i u niiitua will not . be
lone unless an nil'oniliiii m.l i,..,i.
ed situation arises.- Moreover, Gener
al, i-ersuing a rorces doubtless will be
back on the border within a brief time,
for there is not any reason for con
tinuing them where they are now, it
is privately admitted.
When Hlfl milltin is i-amn,-a.l a ln
..ww, vil, U 1UI (
er regular army force doubtless will
ic ucvueu lor ponce uuiy, AOout 20,-
OOO men tllA fit-ut linrnmnnl n,l..
the army reorganization bill, will be
unsuif mis year oiaer similur in
crements will be available each yenr
ior ine coming lour yenrs.
But President Wilson could consol
idate these increments and obtain
them all this year if he chose.
The nHmiliiiit.rfttimi hu mn.lu tin .la.
cision yet as to what it will do on this
(iuiiii ijul me proposition is (lestiueu
to become a vital one within a brief
Military men say that if some such
step is not taken soon the militia sys
tem will completely break down
through the fuct that the national
guardsmen will be dissatisfied with
mere police duty and no action
while their family perhaps are in want
Withdrawal Is Expected
By Webb C. Miller
(United Press staff correspondent)
Columbus, N. M., July 5. Among
military men here today the feeling is
growing that orders will be given in
a short time for the withdrawal of the
American expedition, providing Car-
to keep hands off Mexican internal af
fairs. They brought every argument at
their hand to bear on the Mexican exec
utive to prove to him the president was
as anxious as himself to prevent inter
vention or war. Telegrams went, not
only from Washington, but from vnrions
other parts of the United States, wnerc
there were men in Carrnnza's confi
dence. And the defiant note which persons in
position to know said today was actual
ly drafted, never was seat.
An optimistic advance outline of Car
ranza 's reply to American demands was
given' out by the embassy yesterday.
While embassy attaches in interpreting
the message did not indicate Carranza
strictly disavowed orders to Genernl
Trevino to fire upon American troops,
they felt the tone as a whole would
give a basis for amicable adjustment
of affairs between the two nations.
Mexican observers added that Presi
dent Wilson's pronouncement of policy
toward Mexico made it impossible for
j him now to go to war with the first
j chief in view of the latter 's desire for
mediation or direct negotiations to set
I tlo troublous problems.
Pan-American countries will seize up-
! tn tktd Annnrtii lilt V tn VAiiniv morlintwm
proposals, and either these will be ac
cented or direct negotiations will be
undertaken by this government, it is
believed. ' i .
INDIA . FAMINE STRICKEN
San Francisco, July 5.
Thousands of people in India
are facing starvation from
famine, according to the state
ment today of Ram Chandra,
editor of a Hindoo newspaper
here. He asserts his informa
tion came from reliable sources
- Chandra declares no rain has
fallen in some districts for
months, that children fight for
tiny particles of food and
mothers are dying by the road
side with babies in their arms.
The heat, he says, is terrific,
withering all crops.
TWO BURN TO DEATH
ELEVEN ARE INJURED
Painter Under Arrest Su
spected of Starting Fire
in Apartment House
Sun Francisco, July (i. Garfield Ad
ams, a painter, was under arrest today
on suspicion in connection with the fire
which swept throogh the Grand apart
ments in Golden Gate avenue last night,
killing two women and injuring 11 other
lodgers. Adams denied having anything
to dp with the blaze.
Mrs. Hazel Harrison, age 2.1, and Miss
Edna Dauiels, aged 35, died in - the
tlauies. Airs. Harrison was identified
by her ring and white shoes. Miss Dan
iels suffocated as she sat at her dinine
room table, and her body was found
The injured, Bix of whom were wo
men, were hurt by burns and by severe
sprains sustained when they jumped
from windows and missed the life nets.
Ojhers tumbled from the fire escapes.
None are fatally iujured. Many fire
men were cut and burned.
Captain John McGowan - of Truck
No. 3 carried two women to safety, ono
unuer riicn arm,viiown a perilous swing-1
ing ladder. . .A huge .crowd, . blocking X
streets in an dlrectionsoareu its Ap
plause above the rumble of the flames
as McGowan slowly crept down the
Starting in a pile o'f papers in the
basement, the fire shot through the
house with its 27 apartments so rapidly
that tenants were trapped in their
rooms. One man, startiug downstairs
to see what caused a crowd to congre
gate outside, was badly burned around
the head by a gust of flames as he open
ed his door.
It is alleged that Adams quarreled
with the landlord during the afternoon
and that he was ordered to leave. This
is the cause for suspicion resting upon
ranza makes no hostile move.
However, no step which could be
interpreted as preliminary to with
drawal has been taken, from appear
ances here. The roads along the exw
dition's communication lines are still
being repaired and supplies are piling
up in the American camps.
Unofficial . information reaching
hero is to the effect that General
Pershing personally favors withdrawal
if there is to be no Intervention. Es
tablishment of heavy ('order garrisons
and patrols to guard against bandit
rnids would probably follow retirement
from Mexico. In this connection it
is said that the militia would probnbly
be held on the border indefinitely.
. hi;h nuthority in camp here point
ed out todnv that the continued pres
ence of United States troops in their
present position in Mexico has little
Will Organize New
Organization of the new volunteer
compuny is to be perfected tonight at a
meeting in the armory called for 8
o'clock. At this time a committee on
resolutions and nominations will prob
ably be chosen ami this committee will
report immediately on candidates for
The captain may bo named tonigh,
but it is not thought the other officers
will be selected yet as the matter of
choosing subordinates will be Inrgely in
the hands of the captain himself. A
number of possibilities are In the Yield
as candidates for captain among whom
are Ben S. Via and Oscar B. Gingrich,
the two men responsible for the activity
which resulted in the recruiting of the
Via has served in Cuba and was a
member of the Bluck Horse troop of
Culver Military academy. Gingrich has
had a large experience in things mili
tary. The matter of choosing the company
letter is up to Judge Gantenbcin, of
Portlund, who is organizing the regi
ment of which the local company is to
be a unit.
S. P. RAISES WAGES
San Francisco, July 5. The South
ern Pacific company today announced
nn increase in the wages of section
hands from tl.75 to 2 a day. This ap-
New Mexico and Utah. Three thousand
men are affected. The raise does not
cover the pay of Mexican and Chinese
CARRANZA S NOTE OPENS
WAY TO ENDING DISPUTE
Secretary Aguilar Points Out That Thijfe Are But Two Is
sues, One the Presence of American Troops In Mexico,
the Other the Insecurity of the Border Promises to
Use All Efforts to Correct the Latter and to Meet All
Friendly Suggestions of This Country
Washington, July 5. Completelpacificatory in tone,
the Carranza note answering the last two American com
munications to Mexico was sent to Secretary Lansing to- ,
day by Ambassador Arredondo.
The reply is brief. It emphasized the significance of
the immediate release of the American prisoners taken in
the Carrizal fight as being indicative of Carranza's sin
cere desire to work with the
Signed by Foreign Minister Aguilar, the note formally.
announces the de facto government's favorable attitude
toward mediation as suggested by Latin-American coun-:
tiies but leaves it to the United States to say whether this :
method or direct negotiations shall be relied upon to solve
The embarrassment resulting from the presence of-
American troops in Mexico
J 1 i.t-" lit. J
umiianu ior uieir wiuiarawai
The text of the note from
tary Lansing delivered today, follows:
"Mr. Secretary: I have the honor to transmit in con-,
tinuation the text of a note which I have just received
from my government with instructions to present it to
"Ruferrinir to the notes of June SO
and 23 last, I have-the honor to say
to your excellency that the immediate
release, ox. the , Carrizal . prisoners was
a further proof of the sincerity of the'
desire of this government to reacb a
pacific and satisfactory arrangement
of present difficulties. The govern
ment is anxious to solve the present
conflict and it would be unjust if its
attitude should be misinterpreted.
It was also the Mexican govern
ment that earnestly suggested the plan
of cantonments along tihe boundary
line during the conferences of (.'in. lad
JunreK and El I'aso. This government
is disposed now, as it bos always been,
to seek an immediate solution of the
two points which constitute the true
causes of the conflict between the two
countries to-wit: . the American gov
ernment believes reasonably that the
insecurity of its frontiers is a source
of difficulty and the Mexican govern
ment on its part believes that tii stay
of American troops on Mexican terri
tory, aside from being a trespass on
the sovereignty of Mexico, is the im
mediate cause of the conflict.
'Therefore, the withdrawal of the
American troops on the one hand and
the protection of the frontier, on the
other, are the two essential problems
the solution of which must be the di
rccling ' object of the efforts of bot'.i
"The Mexican government is will
ing to consider in a practical way anil
prompted by a spirit of concord the
remedies which should be applied to
the present situation.
Wants Peaceful Solution
"Several Latin-American countries
have offered their friendly mediation
to the Mexican 'government and latter
has accepted it in principle. There
fore, the Mexican government only
n wail a information that the govern
ment of the I'nitcd .States would be
disposed to accept this mediation for
the purpose mentioned nbovo or wheth
er it is still of the belief that the same
results may be attained by menns ot
direct negotiations by both govern
ments, "In the meantime this government
proposes to employ nil efforts that may
be nt its disposal to avoid the recur
rence of new incidents that may com
plicate and aggravate the situation. At
the same time it hopes that the Amer
ican government, on its part, may
malie use of nil efforts to prevent, also
new acts of its military and civil au
thorities C the frontier that may
cause new complications.
"I will avail myself of tills opportu
nity to reiterate to your excellency
the assurance of my most distinguish
(Signed) "C. Aguilar.
"Having thus complied with the
higher instructions of my government,
it uffords me pleasure to reiterate to
your excellency the assurance of my
most distinguished consideration.
(Signed) "E. Arredondo."
The note was dated duly 4.
Note Is Satisfactory.
By Carl D. Croat.
(t'nited l'ress staff correspondent.)
Washington, July 5. The Vnited
States government is willing to continue
negotiations with the Carranza govern
ment in view of the latter 's desire to
maintain relations, as expressed la the
Carranza note received today.
This was made known by the state de
partment officially today after it baA
considered the English translation, of
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
8TANDB JTVTH OBHT
United States. .
is again emphasized but the
1 i. !. 1.1
is not reiteraiea.
General Carranza to Secrev
the Carranza message, though whether
such continuance will bo by means of,
a mediation or direct negotiations be
tween the two natioua was not revealed. '
('""tary Lausiug said, howoer, that '
rejection- of- informal mediation over-;
tures from the Bolivian mlnisUr recent-'; T.
ly could not bo interpreted M final
rejection of the principle. Instead, he
pointed out, this was contingent upon',
receipt of tho Carranza reply.
The department's announcement,
aside front an expression ot willingness
to continue negotiations, was merely
that the noto had arrived and had been ,
translated and sent to President Wilson.
Mnnifestly from Lansing's comment the
document is satisfactory, as forecasted,
- ' I
To Bring Bodies from
Carrizal Battle Field
El Paso, Texas, July 15. Unconfirm
ed rumors again report Panche Villa
found, today 's report placing bint .la
the Hosario neighborhood south of Par
ral.' A train carrying national gnard field
hospitul and signal corps from. Pitts
burg, commanded by Major tfenerar
Fred O. Miller, ami a field' hospital
company from Pliiludelphia under Ma
jor Reiser arrived here today.
Arrangements for memorial services
in honor of the American soltliers who
fell at Carrizal provide for tse bodies
to lay in state at Fort Bliss. It has
not been decided whether to inter
them in Arlington cemetery or send
the bodies to relatives. The special
train taking undertakers to the battltt
field is expected to return with th
remains Friday or waturiiay.
Spy Caught But There
Is No Law Against It
Washington, July 5. The justice de
partment bureau of investigation to
.liiv rnnrirtpil the cnnture of a Mext-
can spy on the border having in his)
possession a copy or a corarounu-mma
.. r..v;nn f-rimmiinrier irivinff de
tails of the disposition of American
forces nlimg the border.
The Mexican has been rcasea o
inir to luck of proper laws under which.
to prosecute him.
MRS. SUSIE PIPES HURT.
Portland, Ore., July 5. Mrs. Susie.
Fennel Pipes, well known violinist,
and wife of Attorney John M. Pipes,
was seriously injured today when her
automobile collided with another ma
chine. She will recover.
night and Thurs.
I (lOT A COODA