Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1916)
OVER 4000 DAILY
.- ffi.-'. 1
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 4, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TBAXKB AMD MBW
STANDS FIVB CENTS
w r atr -m. .i a c 1 ii -a 1 -- t. up iij r up mm mm p- i
REGAIN 1!0 IN 72 HOURS
- ;i p . .
Allies Made Further j ances Last Night, and Take German
Second Positions 1 1 Ten Mile FrontIf Peronne Is
Taken by French Today As Is Expected German Situa
tion Becomes Grave-Russians Force Austro-Germans
Back In Terrific Batttle
By Ed L. Keen,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, July 4. The Anglo-French forces made
further progress in their great offensive last night and
now hold practically all the German second positions on
a ten mile curving front from Mantauban to the village
of Estrees, south of the Somme.
The French war office announced today that the night
passed with no important fighting on the French front,
but dispatches from British headquarters reported that
the British continued to improve their positions north
of the Somme.
The Germans have shifted large bodies of reserves
from the north to the south bank of the Somme, to defend
the railway town of Peronne. In an amazingly rapid
series of advances the French under General Foch have
captured several villages held by the Germans and
thrown their advanced lines within three miles of the
outskirts of Peronne. In the 72 hours of fighting, the
allies have wrested nearly fifty miles of French territory
from the kaiser's hands.
How desperate is the fighting along the British front
was indicated in the headquarters dispatch today reveal'
ing for the first time that the British actually captured
the strongly fortified villa of Thiepval, northeast of Al
bert, biit. were afterward driven out.- - .
The concentrated fire of scores of British"guhs
pounded Thiepval to ruins before the British advance Sat
urday morning. During Sunday's fighting a British
detachment entered the village and prepared to fortify
itself behind the ruined bits of masonry.
Late in the afternoon several huu
drcd Germans suddenly clambered up.
from the cellars and labyrinth of un
derground works of the village where
they had remained in concealment and
drove the British out by a surprise at
tack. The Germans still retain Thiep
val, which was under a terTific bom
bardment all day yesterday.
All indications today were that the
French would achieve the first striking
success of the offensive movement by
the capture of Peronne, unless Germnn
reinforcements check General Foch's
nuvance. The French forces south of
tue Somme lire fighting like demons
und have fought their way through for
tified villages and Germnn defensive
iositions oi tho greatest strength.
With Peronne in the hands of thej
French and the British exerting power
ful pressure nothwest of the town, the
Oprmnnn will fnce their priivMt flp-
fensive problem since they retired from
t..e Mnrne. C
Bested Last Night.
Paris. Julv 4. Neither the French
tor the Germans made any infantry nt-j
lacks along the French front north and,
south of the Homme last night, the wnr:
office announced this afternoon. I
"North mid south of the Somme the t
night wns calm," it was officially stnt-j
ect. "There were no infantry attacks.
"It hna been established that the!
looty captured by the French in receutl
fighting is of the greatest importance,!
including three now Germnn batteries.
"On the Verdun front six German at-'
t'U-ks were repulsed." I
, A 8-mile pie is one Vou make with-
a kitchen cabinet. Lafe Bud says ! recaptured a small portion of the vil
TS n?Tr fergit th' St. Patrick's davjlnge of LaBoiselle, east of Albert in
. 'wuz knocked off a stool fer eatin'l
with a orange spoon. I (Continued on Paje Seven.)
Of the three German batteries cap
tured by the French, two are of heavy
The war office commented today up
on the precision of the French artillery
fire in the offensive movement on both
sides of the tame.
"In a single shelter 40'cadavers were
found," it was stated. "In a ravine
north of Assevillers nnd on the Herbe
court slopes, the German losses were
North of Frise, another German cap
tive balloon was fired and destroyed by
French flyers Inst night.
"Between the Avro and the Aisne,
French reconnaissances penetrated first
line German trenches ana communicat
ing trenches," said the official state
ment. "Some prisoners were taken.
"On the Verdun front a German at
tack on the west bank of the Mouse on
the southern slopes of Dead Man's hill
was checked by French fires.
"East of the Mcuse, a most violent
struggle raged all night in the region
northwest of Trinumont. Six German
attacks, one with liquid fire, failed. The
Germans were slnughtered by our screen
nnd rifle fires, suffering tne heaviest
losses. They did not succeed in mak
ing the French move an inch from their
previous positions. In the Fiimin wood
the French made progress during the
night, throwing the enemy from a
Russians Still Victorious.
Petrograd, July 4. Between Pubno
and Hokal, General Brusilloff's right
wing has broken the Austro-Germnn
resistance in heavy fighting, driving
the' enemy westward nnd capturing
1,000 prisoners and five machine guns,
tho war office announced today.
An intenso Dattle is raging in the re
gion of Baronovitch, where t lie Rus
sians, afgter a violent bombardment, at
tacked Herman lines, capturing 50 of-
rivers and J.4UU men.
Tho Germnn war office yesterday af
ternoon announced heavy Russian at
tacks in tho Dnronovitch, an important
railway center, 08 miles north ot Pinsk.
The German army on this front is. un
der the command of Prince Leopold of
Bavarin, who pushed hi advance east
ward after the capture of Warsaw last
summer. It is understood that be has a
force of about 100,000 men strung in a
thin line along the marshy region.
There have been rumors for some
time that the Russians, following Bru
silloffs successful offensivo in Volhy
nia, Ualicia and Bukowina, would ex
tend their offensive northward by
striking in force against the German
center, inder command of Prince Leo
pold. The object of such an offensive
would be to outflank the Bavariaus in
the marshes and by smashing the Ger
man liue from the Baltic to the Carpa
thians. Germans Take Village.
London. Julv 4. German troons have
Nine Heirs of Hetty
Given In California
Oakland, Cal., July 4. Nine heirs of
Hetty Green, who died yesterday in
New York, live, in Oakland and nearby
cities. They will receive nearly $1,000,'
000, according to the statement today
of H. Frank Howland, one of the heirs.
Howland and the others are descendants
of Gideon Howland, grandfather of
Mrs. Green's aunt.
The local heirs are H. Frank How
land, connected with the American-Ha
waiian Steamship company, Edward
Howland, Benjamin F. Howland, Wesley
P. Howland, Mrs. Charles F. Warmer,
Mrs. Fred L. Button, Mrs. J. H. Hurl
burt, Mrs. Williamson Finnell, of Berke
ley and Mrs. I. M. Green, of San Fran
Mrs. Thomas Curtis, of I.os Angeles,
also benefits by the will, it is declared.
American Colony and Embas
. sy Attend Church in Honor
of Gallant Airman
By Henry Wood
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Julv 4. Memorial services
for Victor Chapman, young American
aviator, who was killed at the French
front when he went to the rescue of
two other flyers attacked by a Ger
man squadron, attracted a large por
tion of the American colony and the
embassy and consular staff to Holy
Trinity church this morning.
Following the memorial service, the
American proceeded to the cemetery
of Picpus, where they deposited a
wreath on the tomb of General La
Fayette. President Cleveland Coxe of
the LaFayette aocioty, read letters
from Chapman's father expressing
pride in the service his son had ren
dered to France.. : .
Because of the war, the-American
embassy did aot .Hold it? usual Foartb
of July reception today:' The Ameri
can chamber of commerce will observe
the day with a banquet this evening.
MORE LAND FRAUD TRIALS
San Francisco, July 4. A further in
vestigation of the so-called Oregon land
frauds is to be launched here next week
when the new federal grand jury is im
paneled. The probe will be handled by
Clarence L. Reames, fcuited States at
torney of Portland, Ore., who is en
route here for that purpose.
WHITE SLAVERS ARRESTED
Sau Francisco, July 4. According to
federal messages from Astoria, Ore.,
John J. Kenney and Anna White are
under arrest there on a charge ot vio
lating the Maun white slave act by
transporting Georgia Brown from "Gal
veston, Texas, to Astoria, a year ago.
Tney will be brought here for trial.
Great Crowd Gathers at
Fair Ground Fine Races
Give Zest to Celebration
All Salem is gathered toduy nt the
state fair grounds. Most of Marion
county is there too, judging by the
throngs that beseigo every sideshow,
popcorn stand and dance hull.
By noon there were ten thousand
people ou the grounds and every
street car nnd automobile was adding
;io me multitude, tinly on special
I days at the state fuinr has the at
tendance been so heavy as today.
yueen Kstella and the royal court
were on the ground at 10 o'clock,
where they were met by the Cherrians
and the Cherrinn band. The trium
Iphal procession immediately got under
Iway nud a circuit of the ground wus
imade ending nt the reviewing stand
jto the north of the main entrance.
lied, white and blue bunting and
flags garnished the stand where the
patriotic events incident to a proper
celebration of Independence Day were
held. As the queen and her maids en
tered the stand the band played a
Marshal Ben Brick made a brief
speech of welcomo and Itev. James El
vin delivered an invocation. Mrs. Hal
lie Parrish Hinges sang The Star
Spangled Banner, accompanied by the
band while the audience stood bare
beaded. The Declaration of Independence
was read by Judge I. If. D'Arey alter
a few words calling the attention of
the crowd to the significance of the
occasion attending the promulgation of
The speaker of the day was ex-
senator Charles W. Fulton who took
a patriotic theme as the subject of his
address. Tom C. Or lemann and Mrs.
Hinges snng a number of selections
and the band did its share to make the
program interesting to all.
Something went wrong with the bal
loon on its first attempt to take the
air. Just a Queen Kstella was ascend
ing her thron the big bag, nearly in
IS MILD IN TONE
Asks If It Is Not Possible to
Reach Agreement by
OUR TROOPS IN MEXICO
DISPLEASING TO ALL
Frankly Admits All Border
Troubles Have Been Just
Cause for Offense
Washington, July 4 Carranza 's re
ply to the last American demands a
temperate document which, it is Bald,
will avoid a break reached the Mexi
can embassy today.
Those close to the Mexican ambas
sador said the note was written bv
larranza nimself and that it averted
possibilities- of war between the two
The note eame in during the nivht.
It will be delivered to Secretary Lan
sing tomorrow. ,( ;
In brief the not' is a Droffer of
the olive branch, suggesting either me
diation or direct negotiation for a set
tlement of differences between the
It relates the fact that Mexico has
already accepted the principle of medi
ation in an announcement at Mexico
C.itv some days ago. Then it asks that
the United States describe its view
But, regardless of whether this na
tion is agreeable ' to mediation. Car
ranza asks if it is not possible for the
two countries to get together through
direct negotiations. .' ' ,
Does Not Asar WfUidrawal . . .
According to' the brief announce
ment from the Mexican embassy, the
note was silent about the recent order
given Trevino by General Carranza. to
fire upon United States troops. Car-
mnza frankly admits that border con
ditions have been a source of offense
to the United States, but he points out
tiiatthe presence of American troops
on Mexican soil has not improved the
situation. It is understood he makes
no demands that the American forces
withdraw, though he .holds, as nrevi-
ously, that the presence of the forces
Carranza did refer to the fact that
the United States has vsstlv strength-
ened its boundary guard by the addi
tion or militia, tnough.it is believed
here this movement had much to do
with the pacific tone he employed.
The note, it is said to be about 2,
000 words in length, arrived by ca-
'Continued on Page 8ix.)
flated, broke its moorings and snared
into the sky. In its descent it threat
ened to envelop the rrtewing stnnd
oui tue wiiut iresiiened up a bit nnd;
the balloon landed outside tho gate. '
A later attempt was successful and
the aeronaut made a jerl'ect landing
with his parachute.
The two heade.l man, the strangest!
girl inlive and ;the tattooed woman
drew eurious throngs. The younger'
element crowded the jitney dance hull!
ami there were attractions for all no;
matter what one's peculiar preference.
Kven tho email bov wns not ham-j
percd by convention. The state fair
board saw fit not to prohibit the ex
plosion of firecrackers nnd the boys
made most of tho courtesy. Then, of
course, there was a fight or two among
the yonngsters but no fatalities result
ed. Xoon time found family parties
gathered Under every tree devoting
their attention to the good things
mother made before leaving home. The
Indiana stato society and various other
organizations gathered to renew ac
quaintanceship and break bread to
gether in the groves around the fair
buildings. Programs of speaking and
music were carried out in many in
stances. This afternoon the races occupy the
place of honor. There is a good card
and the track is in good condition. Vo
cal and instrumental music in the
grand stand is assurance that no one
is having a dull time. The Boy Kcouts
are giving exhibitions between the
races, showing their training in first
aid work and their ability in military
Tonight will be a big night. Karly
in the evening the old fiddlers will
gather for the delactat'on of the crowd
and the tunes of ante bellum days will
be the exclusive offering. Fireworks
and dancing will bring Halein's Inde
pendence Day celebration to a close.
TROOPS IN in
L BE BROUGHT
ill Not Be Withdrawn But
Will Be Stationed Closer
STATE MILITIA WILL
BE KEPT FOR SOME TIME
Will Be So Disposed As To
Give Full Protection from
By J. P. Yoder.
. (United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, July 4. The American
punitive expedition sent into Mexico
to capture or kill .Villa or to shatter
his bands is beiug withdrawn for police
uuty close to the border. This was the
consensus of opinion here today, Gen
eral Pershing continues concentrating
his forces, shortening his line and ap
proaching closer to the international
No one here believed the punitive ex
pedition will be taken entirely out of
Mexico. This aone of operation is ex
pected to extend along the northern
boundary of the republic and for a
distance satisfactory to both the de
facto government and ' the United
.. New distribution of the border patrol
announced by the war department yes
terday indicates President Wilson has
decided on a program of thorough pro
tection against further raids by scat
tered bands which have not yet been
dispersed. At the same time dis
patches to the border and the mainten
ance there o'f large militia forces will
place the eountry in a position for of
fensive movements should the Mexican
trouble become unmanageable through
it now seems inevitable tnat the dif
ferent state militia organizations will
be kept on the border fr several
months at least.
As for Villa himself, certain army
officers today expressed their personal
opinion that the lamous bandit leader
No comment was forthcoming at the
war or state departments early today
as to General Pershing's movements or
intentions. Secretary Baker was at his
office before 9 o'clock, but remained
only a short time. Other offices in
his department were vacant as a result
of the holiday,
Fourth. Oeta Welcome.
El Paso, Texas, July 4. Couriers ar
riving here from General Pershing's
base at Colouia Dublmi believe the Am
erican pnnitive expedition is to be
withdrawn from MexicR.
Two regiments, the rieventh nnd the
r.levcnth cavalry, nre already eo route
to the border, the couriers reported.
Military men here said today they
credited the utory from the front that
Pershing is planning to withdraw but
declared it would take him 30 days or
more to make the evacuation complete.
The unconfirmed report that with
drawal is planned hardly dampened the
ardor of a tremendous welcome given
Independence day at midnight. Reg
ulars alFort Bliss and several thousand
Massachusetts militiamen at Camp Cot
ton and Pershing shot away no small;
amount of ammunition ushering in tho
Fourth. The 4." inch funs overlooking.
El Paso and Juarez boomed in unison.!
Strict discipline was relaxed momen
tarily while the soldiers burned red fire,
sent up rockets and set off fire crack-1
ers by packs. '
The rattle of small arms and crackers!
continued throughout the day. The!
celebration will wind up In n grand (lis-1
play of fireworks under city auspices
Trying to Arrange for 1
Hnii Vmneiseo, July 4. Federal Me
diator Henry M. White today tried to
arrange more peace conferences be
tween the Waterfront Employers Un
ions of San Francisco nnd Seattle and
representatives of the striking long
shoremen. He hopes for a compromise
by Thursday. The situation may be
further complicated, hnwever, by the
importation of 400 TTawaiiun strike
breakers. It is reported that this
number are coming lice on the steam
er Matsonin from Honolulu.
PRISONERS WOULD ENLIST
Pan Quentin, Cal., July 4. Prison
ers at Sau yueutiii penitentiary want
to form a convicts brigade and invade
Mexii'O. A delegation of 10 prominent
captives visited Ward"n Johnston and
aaked that they be freed to shoulder
arms for I'nrln Sam. . Johnston said he
couldn't see it exactly that way at
present. A number of the prisoners
will ask the parole board for liberty
so they can enlist.
WILL GO ON BALLOT
Portland, ,Or., July 4. H-
nough signatures arc on file in
prohibition headquarters here
today to insure a vote next
.November on real drum-tight
prohibition. The proposed law
would abolish the present
"two quart" provision.
On the same ballot will ap-
pear another law which would
permit the manufacture, of beer
within the state to be sold di-
rectly to the consumer. .
NEW MINISTER OF WAR
London, July 4. Lord Sandhurst in
the house of lords today hinted strong
ly that Lord Derby, who conducted Lug-
land's recent recruiting campaign, will
be the new minister of war, succeeding
tne late Lord mtchener.
SHELL EXPLODED ON
Coxswain Burnell Killed and
C F. Toulliger Seriously
Portland, Ore., July 4. One man was
killed and another seriously injured
early today when a shell of a six pound
naval cannon exploded prematurely on
rue Old cruiser Boston.
V. D. Burnell, coxswain, was killed
almost itstantly. u. F. Toulliger, black
smith, was seriously wounded.
The men were firing a Fourth of Julv
salute. Burnell had just shoved the six
pound snell Into tne breech of the gun
when, for some unexplained reason, it
exploded before the breech block was
closed. Pieces of the brass shell cut
both men badly.
Burnell 's home is in Minneapolis.
Ho was 29 5-ears old. . .
'Burnell and Trullinger were enlisted
men iu tho united-States navy, as
signed to the Boston, which has been
used as a trauing ship for the Oregon
naval militia. - . . ..
Because of the explosion,- a Drocrram
of shooting, including the destruction
of a torpedo boat by the Boston's sun
on the river tonight was cancelled..
The navy department has sent the
cruiser Marblehend to replace the Bos
ton as a training ship.
ES AMERICANS 10
TREAT MEXICANS WELL
At Request of Lansing, Gov
ernor Johnson So Notifies
Sacramento, Col., July 4. Governor
Johnson, upon receiving a telegram
from Secretary of State Lansing today
in wnicn reference is made to ullegcd
frequent assaults on Moxicnn citizens in
border states, announced that he will,
as requested, urge Californinns to exer
cise all possible moderation toward
Secretary Lansing's message follows:
"Washington representative, Mexico
do facto government, complains of al
leged frequent assaults on Mexican citi
zens in bonier states. While I appreci
ate difficulties of state authorities in
deuliug with tho situation that has
arisen as a result of the present Mex
ican crisis, and whilo stuto authorities
are no doubt doiug all they can to pre
vent tho infliction of unnecessary hard
ships on Mexican citizen, I suggest
the ml visibility of your urging upon
citizens of your state the exercise of all
possible moderation toward Mexican
citizeiw. It is believed that such mod
eration would have good effect in the
present crisis and would tend to bet
ter the situation of Americuns remain
ing iu Mexico."
DIED BUT MADE NO SIGN
San Francisco, July 4. Efforts by
assistant sJ'H&ric.ti (ittorney Cliarlt's
Krennun to get a dyim; statement from
Alexander Walton, aliis Herbert Cav
itt, one of the ringleaders of the clair
vovunt ring who operated on the Pa
cific coast and swindled victims out
of thousands failed, itrennun announc
ed this afternoon. Walton died at St.
Lukes hospital where he has been for
several weeks sutfenng from cancer
of the stomach. ' He wus too weak to
talk when llrennan saw his an hour
before he died.
It is bad enough to have enemies of
our government across the border, but
worse still are small-souled citizens
or the United States suipers who
take advantage of freedom of the press
to vent their spite and prejudice
against the man whose single purpose
is to serve bis country and all the
people of bis country.
Another reason for honoring the O.
N. O. boys is because, they followed
the flag out of Oregoa just when the
cherries were getting at tueir best.
AT DEDICATION OF
LABOR'S II EM LIE
Dedicates Building to Com
mon Counsel and Common
GOMPERS SAYS LABOR
IS IN FAVOR OF PEACE
Must Stand Behind Presided
In His Efforts to Mam-,
V tain It
By Robert J. Bender. ' '
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, July 4. Ten -thousand
hearers standing in' a .broiling sun to
day saw reference to the Mexican prob
lem in a speech by President Wilson at
dedication of the new home of the Am
erican Federation of Labor when he de
clared patience, candor and desire to
get together constitute the solution of
"The easiest way," he said, "and tho
way 'we generally strive tor riirht is
getting our fighting spirit up. If you
come at me with your fist doubled,. I
venture to . say mine will double aa
quickly aa yours, but if we hold common
counsel together have patience ' and
candor and a desire for co-operation, w
can get together. .
"in a position such as I occupy at
this time," the president said, "I an
not at liberty to think of any oua class
or classes of people to the exclusion, of
other classes. Hence I am going to take
tne liberty of dedicating this huildinu
to common counsel sad common under
standing." . , ". . .
As the president concluded these
wordi Mabel Vornou, of. .Nevada, rose
from a cha'.r in the grand , stand ad
waving a woman suffrage banner. .
shouted: ' '
GompTs Backs Wilson. .'. , - .
"If you sincerely want. comsun un
derstanding you will get out of commit
tee the national suffrage amendment."
Miss Vcruon got no further. Police
crowded around her and threatened to
eject her from the stand while the
"Shut up," and "sit down."
At a word from within the presi
dent 's party, however, she was permit
tod to remain silent and the president
smiling resumed spoaklng.
The president was introduced br
Samuel Gompers who brought tremend
ous cheers from tho crowd when
'One of our purposes must be to do
nil we can to help tho president keep
out of wnr with any nation. He is
weighted down with great responsibili
ties. We want pence and we know how
earnestly ho is striving to maintain
peace. No man in all the world, how
ever, can stand nlone.
'The president requires tho intelli
gent support of the musses of the peo
ple and I think I express the spirit
and purpose of every laboring man.
when I say that if after every honor
able effort has been made nnd peaee is
no longer possible and the horrors of
wnr comes to us or ore forced upon us
the laboring men of the country may
be counted on to give a good account ot
their patriotism. "
It's Made Labor Day.
Washington, July 4. Independence
day in Washington was converted into
a labor celebration today and that, in
turn, into a penco day a peace-with-Mexico-day.
I.ubor leaders, whose pro
gram of events dominated tne joorin in
the national capital, gave as much of
their timo and their efforts to the Mex
ican situation ns they did to tho dedica
tion of the American Federation of
Labor's new home, about which tho
day's ceremonies wore centered, or tho
pnrude of 20,000 workers. They hoped
for a discussion of Mexican affairs br
President Wilson in his speech und had
reason to expect that would be tho
Conferences between President (toinp-
ers, Kecretury Morrison, Treasurer Len
non and other lenders of the American
Federation , on the one hand, and tho
Mexican labor leaders on the other, con
There was no intention, they said,
(Continued on Pace Seven.)
can't order rain