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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 29, 1916)
.1 Page of "The Capital Journal"
CHARLES H. FISHER,
Editor and Manager.
FUBl.ISHKD F.YKRY F.YKXING KXCKl'T ISC.NDAY, SAUIM, ORKGOX, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
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CHAS. H. HHI
V ii-e- l"r"i
i L" B.SC UU'TIUX K AT i :,S
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EASTERN REP R
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The Capital Journal carrier beys arc instructed to put the papers on tin
porch. If the carrier does not ilo this, uiis.es you, or neglects tj-ttiiijj the
paper to you on time, kimliy phone the circulation uiunuifer, us this is the only
nay we can determine whether or not the carrier are following instructions.
Phone Maiu 81.
The Oregon Voter again regrets that railroads are
under the control of the commissions and hampered by
government interference with their business. It pathetic
ally asks: "But how can railroads pay higher wages un
less rates are permitted to be raised proportionately?"
Then it adds: "Take either horn of the dilemma either
pay higher freight rates for the sake of paying higher
wages, or continue to punish both labor and capital by
trying to limit rates."
The Voter seems to be of the opinion that railroad
employes on one side and railroad owners on the other
are the only persons concerned in the matter. It ignores
. the producer who has to send his wares over the roads to
the markets of the country and the consumer who has
generally to pay the freight bills no matter how large.
The great American public wants the railroads treated
fairly. They want them to earn a just and fair return
on their investments and they want railroad employes
paid fair and just wages. Whenever the public through
its representatives, the state or national officials, do any
thing that interferes with either of these things they are
overstepping the bounds of their authority. The question
is "Have they done so?"
It is claimed the demands of the employes if complied
with would cost the rairoads $100,000,000 a year. The
sum of the cost to the roads has nothing to do with the
matter, the questions being would the granting of the de
mands without increasing the rates permitted to be
charged reduce the interest on the money invested in the
roads below an honest and just return on the same? The
other: are the demands of the men reasonable and just?
Are the wages now paid below what should be paid for
It is for settling just such questions as these the inter
state railroad commissions are created, and it is well to
wait their report on the matter before discussing it
It may be stated in passing that it is a well known
fact that if the railroads were permitted to raise rates at
their own sweet will, they would concede the men's de
mands, and so raise rates as to meet the extra $100,000,000
and some. $."00,000,000 more just to be on the safe side.
This vast sum would simply be swiped from the consumer
who having no one else to pass the bill along to would be
compelled to pay it himself. That is the system the Voter
would have us return to.
The editing business down at Klamath seems to have
some of the hilaritv of the trood old ilavs when it was
anyone's privilege to whip the editor on any old occasion'
if he could. A few days ago Miss Catherine Prelum editor
of the Merrill Record, made the statement in her paper,
that "An armed guard had to be placed around the jail
to protect A. Ernest Lawrence, following his acquittal on
the charge of murdering Mrs. Alma Kuehne at Dood Hol
low." George Bradnack, editor of the Merrill Times con-i
tradicted this statement. Due to complications arisingj
from these fontrndictorv statements Miss Prehm lost her!
temper and it is alleged undertook to horsewhip Brad-iv.cl.-
ulm lil-ii VHIm l'lo1 H k chimed Miss Pivhm was
arrested by the city marshal while trying to break open,
n door jintf pvt nt the oftVrulinir Bradnack. Evidentlv the:
lady is new at the editing game or she would not take
offense at a little thing like that, but then you see this
equal suffrage business puts some queer notions in the
dear little pates of some of the sisters, they understand
ing it means that they have the same rights as men and
"A primrose on the river's brim
A yellow primrose was to him,
TvVas that and nothing more."
That it what some poet wrote about it but he did not
write it on "Primrose Day." Had he done so the last
line would have read:
"'Twas that and two bits more."
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a General Banking Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
DOHA C. ANDRKSKX.
bee. and Treas.
IVr month . .
KtS K X T AT I V I
If irrv K. i':her Co.
'l X. Dearborn St.
Behold what a great blaze a little fire kindleth, says
the proverb. The present discussion of preferred rates
for Portland is a case illustrating this. To be exact the
allowing of the terminal rate to Astoria, out of which
grew the present demand on Portland's part for especial
rates, lower than Astoria or Sound points was the real
starter of the fire, the cause for Portland's later demand.
The question once opened apparently has no place
where it can be closed again, if Portland's contention is
allowed, without re-arranging all the freight tariffs to the
coast and changing the system of fixing them.
On the face t)f the returns it looks as though Portland
should have lower rates than Astoria or Sound points.
The haul is shorter, the price should be less. But if this
is conceded why will not The Dalles be entitled to lower
rates on transcontinental freight than Portland? The
haul is shorter, why not the price lower?
Concede this to The Dalles and La Grande also has a
right to lower rates than The Dalles, and so on in
definitely. Under the present system the length of the haul is not
taken into consideration in making the rates. Terminal
rates are one thing and rates to intermediate points are
decidedly another. As we understand it the rate on
through freight from the east to The Dalles, Pendleton,
LaGrande, and other smaller towns east of Portland is
the through rate to Portland plus the local rate back from
Portland. Under this system the place having the short
est haul would pay the highest freight. This at least used
to be the system years ago, and it always seemed an un
just way of fixing rates. However that was what was
expected from the railroads in the old days, for if they
had done anything on a basis of justice most of us would
have not been surprised to see the stars falling soon after
ward. However the game is on and where it will terminate
is one of those things that only the future and the rail
road commissions can disclose.
Portland is having much worry over her schools. No
one seems satisfied with the way they are conducted, but
there seems to be a wide divergence of opinion as to the
cause of unsatisfactory conditions. Some seem to think
there is "too much board," while others think there is "a
superfluity of superintendent." Perhaps a compromise
of the two opinions would be nearer the truth than either
Has Teddy really arrived back in the United States?
It was reported some days ago he would land somewhere
on the Atlantic coast that evening. But as Mt. Lassen has
not broken out, nor any earthquake movements been re
ported on this coast, it is not likely he has yet stepped
The grip has one peculiarity that is to its credit. It
permits a man to visit hell without going to the trouble
of dying first, and sort of viewing out that much exploited
country populated entirely through its immigration
The Oregonian paragrapher says "no matter if the
feet of the co-eds are bad that is not all of them. Their
heads are level, and that is enough." But are they level?
Is so why do they wear the goat-foot shoe?
Virgil describing Dido, remarked: "She stands a god
dess and she walks a queen." Had Dido worn shoes with
lead pencil heels and pointed toes it is a safe bet the re
mark would never have been made about her.
A good many politicians are like the vermiform ap
pendix. No use has ever been f mnd for them and the
body politic is never quite safe until they are removed.
There's nothing more pleasant than paying your bills,
than paying your bills at the time when they're due; it
sends through your heart most enjoyable .thrills, to know
that there's nothing charged up against
you. 1 ou re making the wheels of your
village go round, you're giving the workers
the best kind of aid, when you dig from
your wallet the shilling and pound, and pay
up your bills in the palace of trade. You're
filling the soul of the merchant with glee,
filling the soul of the merch
I you're bidding the banker 1
more, you're hanging new wi
J family tree, when you pay u
tne dotunny store, that man is a hind
rance and hurt to his town, a brake on the
wheels of his own neighborhood, who views the collector
with withering frown, who doesn't pay up when the pay
ing is good.
A STRONG. MEAN THIEF
Yin.ouver, Wa-h., Mar. 'J;!. Mi-. F.
Oilman todav was willing to award the
title of cliaiupion mean man and pos-
sibly champion strong man to a thief
who stole two I .Is from her
front porch. The palm - e e over four
feet hii'h. iu large wooden buckets and
OPENS BIG FIELD
Mason Jshu fO
to weep never
wreaths on your
ud vour bills at
HI9 BUSY DAY
V incouver, Was.i., Mar. ill. Estab-
lishing wnat is believe. i m be a record
in administering iu-tue, Judge Muck
yesterdav dismissed t! cases, consi.l-
ere.l many motions, sentenced five men
and women who had pleaded mltv to
petty charges, and wiped off the slate
all in which interested attornevs did
,U1, lt , .i,(.emm-e.
To the Editor:. It is sometimes
argued bv boards of education and
finance that the kindergarten, although
an excellent system of education, is a
ureat luxury; that it demands two
teachers in a class room instead of one.
and that it requires a special and ex
In spite of the-.' charges, supposing
them to be true, the kiii.'-r.;arten might
still be economically justified. It would
only be necessary to prove that the ex
ceptional value of the education was a
warrant for the exceptional expense
'jrood things come hih.''
A system of education that ignores
the fundamental concepts which linier
lie tin1 kindei arteii may cost less money
to run, but there is a larger economy
of human intellect, human poor, and
human character, that iu the end
serve the state mole profitably than
any fiscal scheme, however shrewd and
far-reaching. The kindergarten, re
garded economically, is a plant that
yields Inrjie returns for the capital in
vested, it is a conservator of human
HORTEN'SK Oi; ITT.
"THE KEY TO POWER"
Editor Journal: Eur two thousand
years in the name of Christianity toe
world has listened to a gospel of the
brotherhood of man: the gospel of
peace; a gospel of deliverance, of lib
erty, of enlightinent. And yet. there
is neitiier brotherhood, nor peace, nor
deliverance, Jiberty nor enliglitment.
Paganism wis founded upon the author
ity of the institution, state or church.
The basic value, or the basis of valua
tion under such a regime is property.
The ilomineiit influence under such a
regime is the authority of the institu
tion, what the institution authorizes.
Here is found tile root of the divine
right of priest and king, of church and
stale. The individual, or even the peo
ple en masse. Are of little or no con
sequence. It is for them to slave and
obey (pay ami obev.) They were sim
ply' the lieast of burden to support the
master-classes, the nobility and the hir
archy. What the moral, political, intellectual,
economic and spiritual conditions of the
people were is obvious. Abject slavery,
the result of ignorance, feir, supersti
tion. Hegenciacv and degradation are
tiie natural conditions under such a sys
tem. This is the fruit bv which tlir
tree is known and must be judged. If
we wish to ascertain the real characted,
nature, value and influence of my sys
tem of religion or philosophy vc need
only inquire into and examine the moral
and social condition of any people liv
ing under said influence be that ancient
Home, medieaval Europe or modern
Mexico. The fruit will ever be true
to the tree, and the tree will always
prove true to the seed from whicii if
sprang. A verv simple, yet infAllible
rule. Never loose sight of this lule
when seeking alter causes of things.
Now, some people feel that the Chris
tianity of Jesus (there are at least two
distinct kinds of Christianity, that of
Jesus and that of the church) is diamet
rically opposed to Paganism (iu pur
In Paganism t'.ie Authority of the in
stitution is the supreme emphasis be
cause the very foundation. "What the
institution nuthori.es is the only law.
Not so with Jesus. With him the in
dividual is the gieat emphasis. .Man is
the cornerstone of the living temple of
(iod. for the temple is humanity itself.
Tiie spiritual nature, tin- divine ca
pacity and possibility of the hum in
soul (man) is the chief concern of
Jesus. Not what any institution auth
orizes, but, what each individual real
izes is the keynote of a gospel by which
is Deliverance. The key to all power
is not external authority but inner real
ity; tint the voice of church or state,
(pope or king), but the voice of (lod.
The voice of uian-m ule authority has
never been uutj bondage. The voice
of the spirit ((bid in man) is the only
way to liberty, because it is the voice
of delix erauce.
Every great struggle for lib. rty has
been by a people quickened by a mighty
spiritual impulse, by a glorious vision
of faith, by a gnat awakening and il
ways against the binding power of in
stil utionulized authority of king or
priest. It is the history of liberty, be
it political or religion-, the inspiration
and the opposition is ever the same.
I'mler the old inoiiarchial regime the
king or pope ruled absolutely, iu i re
publican form of government, iu a dem
ocracy, tiie sovereign power is ve-ted iu
the people. In n nionrachv (political or
eeclesMistieaM the institution was luas
ler. iu a republic the institution and its
officers are the servant of the people
(some officers elected by the vote of
the people, seem to overlook this im
The key of power iu democracy, in
Christianity lies within the individu it,
not the institution. Man is the key
and cornerstone of the higher life of
liberty. It is the I iu man which is
the divine element, T am, the light:
I am. the way; I am, the key to the In
ner Kingdom by which is all power.
Paul called it "the Christ iu You."
Jesus called it ''the Inner Kingdom.''
Spiritual rcaliation is the patu to life
and liberty, institutional' uithoriation
is a shadow unto bondage. Light is life,
shadow is death.
H1C1IAKO V. T1SCHER.
Minister of I'tiitarian Church.
Oct the drift of the world's doings
bv reading The Capital Journal.
Make Skin Smooth
There is one wife, dependable treat
ment that relieves itching torture in
stantly ami that cleanses and soothes the
Ask any drucsist for a 25c bottle ot
icmo and apply it as directed. Soon
you will hnd that pimples, black heads,
eeiema. ringworm and similar t-kiu trou
i blcM w ill disappear.
! A little icmo, th peoetratinir, sati
; f.v injr liquid, is all that is needed, for it
1 banishes ull skin eruptions am) nuikes
i the skiu soft, smooth and health v,
Insures the most
delicious and healihlul food
10 AUia-HO PHOSPHATE
Cavalry Remounts Needed
On Border Cant Be Got
ten Officers Admit
! (P.y I'nited Pross.,
San Antonio, llir. "!. The European
war has stripped the 1'nited States of
good horse- that todav- l'uited States
.army ofticerhave admitted a serious
.shortage of cavalry remounts.
; Ceiieral I'linston has combed Texa
without result for aviilable animals
: capable of standing up under hard cam-
paigiiing. The buyers of Erance. Italy
land Creat llritaiu have swept Texas
bare of cavalry anini ils.
! St. bonis. Kansas city. Atlanta, ('hi
cage ami smaller horse market- now are
(being investigated by army officers in
j.the hope of obtaining a sufficient sup
I ply 1u a hurry. Here ilso, however, the
.army men found that the buyers for the
I waning nations of Europe had preceded
i American cavalry regiments are re
; ported to be short of remounts needed
' iu real campaign work and should many
be lost in fighting the problem would
I become grave. State cav ilry re-iments
too, are reported as generally deficient
: in eavalrv animals.
This is considered important for. in
lease th Mexican campaign develop and
(the need arises to send all the regal .tr
'cavalry into the southern republic. Ha
iti. mal goanl cavalry regiments prob
ably will be the fir.-t to be .-ailed for
I border patrol work.
sje -: if ;
NEW ROUTE FOR CANADIAN
GRAI- THROUGH PANAMA
Winnipeg, .Man.. Mar.
ChniiL.e- cNstiug $7. ."on, unit,
made in Muiitoba's elevator
during the' year, are being com
pleted today. The amount was
si.ciit with a view- of moving
the majority of the grain to
tiie western Canadian coast,
tli" '"-ough the Panama can
al to Europe.
; i s'f ; j :j :s ;; -;: ;j
ma nruil I look
Thousands of the !v-;t wotr;n i'l
the world are bearing tiie burden i f
backache, headache, drainc;" pains, a
miserable half-dead, haii'-aiive c- :u'i
tion, produced by elm: tiie internal de
rangements. Mrs. Joseph Lace-lie, 124
..Glenora Ave., Ottawa liast, Ontario.
Canada, is one c t the fair women of
America who has had her experience with this sort of a burden.
Her .experience is similar to the multitude of other women
whose letters are recorded in the "Ills of Life." A copy ct
this free booklet pu.rjht to be in the hands of everv housewife
in the United States. Read what Mrs. Lacelle says:
"I suffered wit h backache, headache and dragging pains for
over nine months, and nothing relieved me until I took Pcruna.
This medicine is by far better than any other medicine far these
troubles. A few bottles relieved me of my miserable half-dead,
half-alhe condition. I am now in good health, have neither ach
nor Pain, nor have I had any for the Past year. If every suffer
ing woman would take Peruna, they would soon know its value
and never be without it. "
Always Watch This Ad Changes Often
f Strictly correct weight, square deal and highest prices for all kind of
junk, metal, rubber, hides aol furs. I par 2Uc per pound for old rigs.
I Big Btock of all sizes second haad incubators. All kinds corrnirated T
iron for both raofi and buildings. Roofing paper and aecond hand
H. Steinback Junk Co. Z
The Hons of Half a Million Bargaini.
302 Xorth Commercial St. Phone 803 t
; Jhe Rangy and Rawboned
' Colonel George Dodd
(By I'nited Press.)
; Washington. .Mar. -!). Kangy, ravr
bfvie.l and "html looking." is the way
1 friends of Col. Oeorge A. Dood describe
the man personally in charge t.f the fly
ing cavalry column, forming the edgo
of the wedge driven into Mexico.
Col. Dodd is tit. but when he retires
this year he will leave active service
as physically fit as when he got hi
sheepskin at West Point. His hobby H
phy-ical training. He instituted the
army's "monkey drill," or setting uj
1 Oo.ld has seen much field service,
: most of it in the southwest Indian cam
paigns. His work there and in the Agu
inaido campaign in the Philippines tin. I
northern I.uzou was chiefly responsible
I for his getting his present job.
Colonel Dodd was couimnndu"t of ih
: Enited States barracks at Co'-jinbus,
j Ohio, for four years. East Septemb'-r
I lie. was transferred to Douglas. Arizona.
, Colonel Dodd was wounded at "anti
; ago. July 1. l-!s Me is a re.-r giiie.
i authority on cavalry and is author of ;i
j book on training and handling cavalry
I horses and men.
I When the great flood come in IDl.t.
! Dodd acted promptly by haviv.i.- his
men clean up and aid the stneboi west
i side of Columbus. Colonel Dodd is a
West Pointer from Pennslvani i. His
first active service was in suppressing
the Chcenne uprising under Little
Wolfe in Nebraska in the Tfl's.
For i!7 years Dodd was attached to the
Third cavalry. While at Fort Riley,
Kansas, he developed his command to
such technical pro.r.iency that th
troop was iu demand for exhibition pur
poses in the east. Hi's troopers exhibit
ed at Madison Square Garden. New
York, and also in Boston and Wash
ington. In 1005 Dodd was commissioned :i
colonel. Colonel Dodd comes from a
military family. His father an officer,
was killed in the Civil war. However,
none of his three sons have entered the
'army. Of Dndd's three daughters two
have married armv officers.
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