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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1915)
OVER 4000 DAILY
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 19fcK
PRICE TWO CENTS STANDS FIVE OEWTS
IECIDES 10 SELL B
FOR NAT ONAL DEFENC
Intimated $250,000,000 Worth of Bonds Will Be Sold and
Used As Part Payment of the $400,000,000 Expendi
ture Planned In Army and Navy ExtensionWill Con
tinue Sugar Tax Raising $50,000,000 a Year More
And Income Tax Will Supply Balance
Washington, Oct. .16. The adminis
tration has practically decided to sell
j $JaO,uou,uui worm or government
' bonds to provide money for national
Thou nro Pi)iinmn csnnl bonds, auth
orized by congress but still unused, and
they will be used soietv toward partial
payment of the $400,000,000 expendi
ture planned in army and uavy exten
sion. President Wilson hopes to secure the
difference from other revenues, ltp
will urge continuation of the sugar tax,
thus bringing in $50,000,000 annually,
imd in addition hopes to get increased
U-turns from income tax, customs and
nturiDil tnvoa Npmlu of tha fntnra iti
. the nation's five year preparedness pro
ernm will be met as thev arise.
The means of obtaining the money
-ind securing united support in these
unat iinHttrtuliinirit will lip discussed ill
leaders before congress reconvenes.
Ta Da Dnl MaqMirA
The administration will make the
defense bills party measures and the!
prime business before the coming ses-
miin. The house rules committee is ex
pected to rush their consideration and
ull the influence of tho administration
will be toward gtting them through as
expeditiously and smoothly as possible.
.It is stated that President Wilson
intends to stand or fall on his national
defense program. It will be the issue
of the coming national campaign. When
the president announces his stand
the tariff, it is said, the subject wilLlie
"dead as a mackerei" as a campaign
iHsue. He will stand for making con
cessions "deemed necessary" in a re
adjustment of the tariff.
Those closest to him are making
utronger their assertion that the rev
enue is needed, and President Wilson
will stand ready, with an own mind ou
the tariff question to receive sugges
tions for changes which the Kuropeau
SERBIANS PUTTING UP
Paris, Oct. 1(1. Heavily beset upon
three sides, the Serbians are making o
last ditch fight for life.
Military circles today conceded that
help must reach her speedily if it is to
be of avail. Serbian reports todav
claimed the Serbian forces are hold
ing their own against tho Bulgarians in
tho east and against the Austrians in
the west along the Drina, but admitted
t.liiit the Austro-Germiiu drive north
ward is steadily proteasing In
Field Marshal Von Mackensen, 111
"iimmnnd of the Teuton invaders, real-'cut the railway Hue loading to Salon
ixing the importnlice of speed fully usika.
well as the Serbians appreciate the ne- j Rumania Remains Neutral,
cpssity for deluying the onslaught, ls Rumania, said Bucharest dispatches,
repotted hurling his forces against the! has definitely decided to remain ncu
Herb licenses regardless of losses. ! trnl, and hnslroops on her borders to
Losses Are Enormous. j maintain this position.'
Nish reported the central allies' loss ) The conviction grew here that the nl
os have been enormous in the effort to lies will withdraw forces from the (inl
butter a way through to Constantinople, j i),i operations to send into Serbiu.
Nevertheless, the far superior numbers 'Italian officials are conferring regard-
iji the invading armies are having their i jng Italy' policy, while press reports
effect against the virtual handful of(Sni, dm't thev had ulreaJy decided to
Serb defenders. Military circles nd-
As long an th' Kaiser gits kid from
ii'ov he shoulctn t hick cause m
Allies bnv munitions in America. Th
auto has come t' stay, but th' speeders
ire droppia out right along.
Hay Not In Accord.
The refusal of Chairman Hay of the
house himtnry committee to commit
himself on the administration prepared
ness progrnm is not beliebed to indi
cate opposition to tr, though ho hus
been an opponent of a "big army"
move consistently. Secretary of War
Harrison's provision for six year en
listments is believed to be a concession
to the chairman's fixed opposition to
Tho real opposition is expected from
former Secretary of State Bryan and
his adherents. .Their slogan has been
anticipated preparedness makes for
war, not peace. But administration
leaders will be ready to answer this on
the floor of the house and senate. How
much information, garnered by army
and navy experts from the Kuropeau
war, will be available is doubtful. iMos'
of the information is secret, but the ad
ministration's incrense plans are doubt
less drawn from the rar'g lessons.
Secretary of War's Flans.
Plans of Secretary of War Garrison
call for an increase of $75,000,000 in
the annual appropriations for his de
He proposes a regular armv of 140,
000 men; a continental army of 400,000
enlisted for six years, und in training
two months a year for three yoars, aft
er which they would be on furlough
Mm! (.ultimately constitute a reserve
force, on which the nation could draw
in time of need; while the militia of
125,000 might be increased by the org
animation of the continental army. In
connection with the militia, more lib
eral treatment is urged.
Secretary of the Navy Daniels' pro
gram calls for a five year plaii of ex
pending $500,000,000 in providing 10
new dreadnaughts, six super-battle
cruisers, more thun 70 submarines, 50
(lest rovers, and many auxiliary ships.
The first year's recommendations, it is
believed will call for two dreadnaughts,
two battle cruisers, 25 undersea craft,
12 destroyers and three scout ships.
mitted that it is cleai te Teutons will
reach Constantinople unless the Kerb
ituiH are reinforced nt an enrly moment.
Allied troopswho landed nt tSaloniku
are reported to bo pimnrng into Herbln.
It is not believed, however, that they
aro numerous enough to accomplish
much, and it is knowu that a stronger
force is imperatively needed. Italian
reports, unconfirmed, said communica
tions hnd been cut between Salonika
and Russin, and between Serbia and
Rumania, while the Bulgarians were be
lieved to lie aiming nt a bold stroke to
send 150,0110 troops to a strategic, point
Russia, too, is understood to hnve
men ready to go to the aid of Serbia, i
but to lack a route. Rumanian ueutrul-j
ity bnrs the way, and the allies hi'si-,
tate to force a path. I
Great Britain has rnken the formal
step of dclnring war ou Bulgaria, j
though to nil intents and purposes the;
allies have been in a idute of war;
. i j I
again, ncr .or
Kollowmg the British linrat.ou. t..
other a lie, are etMvted to take similar
Hernia claims to have recapture me
Pizunn and Bonkva positions,
tho Bulgarians took Tuesday.
High School Boy
Breaks World's Record
San Francisco, Oct. R-rrnnk Rio-
num. a high school boy of Mm t ran -
Cisco, today broke the worlds inter-
scholastic record for the 410 straight -
awav when lie made the distance in table. Tinv telegraph poles will carry
44 1 5 seconds. Slnmnn took the litlehhe wires about the table and the music
awav from Ted Meredith, whose best i fur the oc. anioi will come from a nura-
time wns 4S 4 S seconds.
Three timers held clocks on Slomsn,
one snnnoinif him in 47 4 5 woods, an
other in 47 3-5 seconds. Where the
timers do not agree the poorest time is
Stomal! made the 300 mark in 3- 4 5
seconds and the 400 mark in 42 4 5 seconds.
"Boiling Green" Predominat
ing Color-Seal Browns
Have Prominent Place
New York, Oct. 10. This introduces
Boiling Qreeu. "
This is going to be the predominat
ing color in milady's full and wiuter
wardrobe, because it is the predominat
ing tone in the trousseau of Airs. Nor
mnn Gait (nee Boiling) who will soon
wed President Wilson. "Boiling green"
will take its "place alongside of Alice
(Roosevelt) blue," and "Helen (Taft)
Mrs. Gait's trousseau according to
Baltimore modistes, in charge, will be a
dull rich green, blending perfectly with
the first l.tidy's rich coloring. The
exceptions will be nn afternoon gown,
and severul other garments in seal
Two afternoon frocks, a going away
suit and several blouses, have already
been completed. The suit she is exact
ed to wear on her wedding trip is of
the "Boiling green" duvetyu with
chinchin collars and benver cuffs. At
the top, the coat fits rather closely but
mlares at tho bottom, which is ondged
with beaver. The skirt is simple and
slightly flared. '
"One of the nfternoon frocks is in th'
snme green, of crepe georgette and taf
feta, while the other is or. crepe r
fon and crepe georgette in seal browu.
Rewind the bovs not to shoot the
owls or hawks. Thev kill field mice
and snakes, and only one or two of
the rather lurge familv ever rob our
More Than 7,000 People,
Many of Them Women,
Watched the Execution
Murphysboro, III., Oct. HI. More
than two thousand persons filled the
public square today when Joe DeHerry,
aged 21!, negro slayer of Mrs. James
Martiu went to the gallows there. His
last request that he be permitted tt
smoko a "ten center" on the scaffold
was granted, and he died with great
In the crowd about the scaffold were
manv women, and others clamored for
admission to the special stockade- in the
square which had been erected for the
Fully 1,000 people watched the execu
tion from tree tops, telephone poles and
nearby roofs, while 0.000 were jammed
outside the atockndc, disappointed at
their failure to gain admittance.
DeBerry confessed that he killed the
woman, not because she eluded Mm
but because she discoveied he had stol
en $00. The woman's son wanted t
spring the trap, but the sheriff refused
to permit hiin. The father died of grief
two weeks after the murder.
Murphysboro made the hanging a
holiday event. At daylight streams of
persons begun pouring into the town
in farm . wagons, automobiles, ou foot
and on trains.
' De Berrv strangled In 2M minutes.
but his neck was not broken.
End of Longest Wire Ever
Made Up Will End At
Snn Francisco, Oct. Id. Thomas A.
I r.li-.n tn.lnv n.cc,,t,t bv tclcimildl an
1()iior ,(.m,r)M ,lV , )(,(.Kra,L 0)pr.
' f H.JT) Vxxwm.,u T. famous
; . , , H Francis-
co, where lie will lie the centiul figure
at the expoiition, expressed his delight
over the plan and one of the most
unicpic uff'iirs of its kind will bring
the wizard and the "knights of thr
key" together Tuw.lav evening at the
San Francisio commercial club.
The menus fur the dinner will be
.,rin.,, in ,), nl)ll Bn,i w,at
; ,,,, ,king is done will be oer
kv, ,, (nllh,nr, !,),.), ,e In-
1 ,.,i j (,,,, 0f mi U Kwt ,t the
her of plio icgrnphs.
jit is planned to make a dictaphone
record o( r.iliM.n s "sending ' and to
have the locnl end of the longest wire
ever made up come to his plate.
Property heljM. to make men of boys
and women of girls. Are the children
partners in the business.
COIN FLOATED BY
Five Dollar Gold Pieces So
Perfect As To Almost
Defy Detection .
2 FORMER CONDUCTORS
ON S. P. UNDER ARREST
Coins Hare Been Floated For
Years AH Over the Pacific
San Francisco, Oct.. 1(1. Two men,
believed to be tho famous "five dollar
gold piece counterfeiters" who have
engraved permanent furrows on the
brows of Huited States secret service
men all over the country for the past
two years, are under arrest.
It is estimated they hnve floated
more than $800,000 worth of bogus coin
all over the nntion during, that time.
They are: Rollie York, 344 Pernlta
avenue, Ouklund; Fdward Carr, 1204
Poplar street, Oakland.
Thoy have been trailed all over this
country and Canada, and finnllv'were
arrested by Secret 8-irvice Chief Harry
Mortit of the local oltice and Charles
Poster of the Seattle office. York was
taken at Columbus, Ohio, and Carr at
Ogdcn, Utah. Their arrests were kept
secret until today. Chief Muff it and
a deputy marshal from Columbus will
arrive here withMlw men tonight.
Secret indictments against both were
found by the' local ederal grand jury
six weeks ago, foil wing thoir escape
from the Stockton Jjpohce about two
months ago. They were let go bv the
Stockton police after giving a plausible
story. l'Vllowing their escape, a leather
bag containing $700 in spurious coins
was found in tho lavatory of iion.iens
cafe, Stockton, where the men had been
Directly they left Stockton, the
police there informed the secret serv
ice men here who determined that tho
men were the long sought counter
Both York and Carr are former con
doctors in tho employ of the Southern
Pacific, railroad. i
The coins have been floated all over
tho Pacific, coast for years, and many
have been picked up ai far east as
New York. Secret Bervice men ill every
district of the country have been work
ing ou the ease, under directions from
Moffit. His place during his absence
hern has been taken by W. P. Walsh of
tho I.os Angeles ufflce.
Escaped Officers Are
Not Yet Discovered
Norfolk, Vn., Oct. 10, The six war
rant officers of the interned Merman
raider Kroiiprin. Wilhclm, missing
since Sunday, have made a clean get
away in their decrepit yacht the
Kclipso, authorities were convinced to
day. Following the attempt of five
others since then to escape, more dras
tic, confinement of men aboard both
the Kroiiprin. and the Prints Kitel
Friedrich wns ordered.
Officials here inclined to believe that
a number of the Hermans hnd cunspircd
to escape, and hence, there was some
talk that a guard of marines might
have to be placed aboard.
If the F.clipse put not to sea, us it is
now believed she did, sho could hnve
reached Florida by today. Authori
ties, however, had no trace of her.
WILL ASK MOEE CREDIT
New York, Oct. HI. The ink
was barely more tlitin dry today
ou the contract for the Amer
ican tilO,Miii,ioi) luiiii to the al
lies' than l.oid Mendings' an
nouncement lodnv that they
will H'Hin ask uiiother huge cred
it became the sole discussion of
financial circles. While Head
ing refused to state terms or
aaio'iiit, he admitted that, the
second loan will possibly
asked within a month or two.
CtOINC TO rKA
tonight and Sun
Claiming She Has Right of
Use of Home For a Year
She Holds Possession
Seattle, "tt'esh., Oct. 10. Armed witfli
a shotgun mid rifle, Mrs. Sarah Bige
low, a widow, 47 years old, is still
holding the fort today at her home,'
1234 Lakeview boulevard, against any
invasion by deputy sheriffs who have
been ordered to eject her under mort
gage foreclosure proceedings. She rout
ed four deputies yesterday afternoon,'
after barricading the doors. Kiupha
sizing her determination, sho hurled a
ciialleuge at them ofl'eriug to duel any
of them with cither rifle or shotgun
and settle the controversy that way.
No attempt was made by the deputies
to storm, the house.
"I'll Bhoot the first man to come
in here," she told Deputies liogors and
Brewer, who made tho lutest attempt to
serve a writ of dispossession upon her.
"This is my home and I am going to
protect it, court order or no court or
der, ank no sheriff is going to get me
' Tho mortgage on the house and lots
amounting to $2,000 fell due last De
cember and in April the property was
sold under foreclosure' proceedings to
the f.ggert Shoe company, Mie relused
to move out. She. claimed she was en-
tilled to live In tho house a year, the
period allowed by luw tor redemption
t Mrs. Iligelow has a married daughter
and througn her nnd friends, she hopes
to get sulficicut food brought to her
to keep her while sho is protecting her
.Long Record of Misdeeds
Confronts Prisoner Before
Salt Lake City, Utah, Oct. 10. .Too
Hillstrom, I. W. W, representative, re
prieved a month ago from a death sen
tence for murder r.t President Wilson's
request, upeared before the pardons
board to day nnd was confronted by
a long criminal record.
This showed ho wns:
An ullcgcd McNainain aid.
A participant in tho I. W. W. in.
sion of Mexico from California.
A street car bandit who operated in
San Pedro. ( nlifornln.
A participant in tho Butte labor
troubles, for which he was arrested.
Once iailed at Luton, I'tnh, charged
with shooting a deputy sheriff, but
released for luck of evidence.
Tho board, it is believed, will re
sentence him to dentil before the stute
firing squad, in view of the fact t.mt
no evidence has been adduced to shovr
he was not guilty of the murder of .1.
V. Morrison and his son, who were
slain hero. Tho district court will
probably soou fix a date for the exe
cution. English Submarines Cut Off
Swedish Ore Supples So
Necessary to Germany
Slockhold, O' t. 10.- II. w lliitish
submarines, recently very busy in the
Mallic, got through the sounds ami the
strails connecting thi Baltic mid North
seas is a matter ol great sp. latiou
Indications, however, are Hint they
entered the Baltic, one or two at a time
for several mouths, ami it is believed
a coti.udeinblo fleet in ouw opciati.ig
i from some Km.iiwi const base.
l Their mills Iiiimi been so effective
that the Baltic is now almost cleared
themselves actively to submarine devel
opment, ami it is bi heved the Baltic
undersea craft are the last wind in this
type of const ruction.
TOBACCO DAY 8TIR8 ANTI8
Sun Francisco, Oct. 10 Tobacco deal
ers' day nt the Piiiiniiiii Pacific exposi
tion today created a stir of protest
from members of the anti-cigarette
A "tobacco parade" during which
free "smokes" were generously .lis
trilintl. watched bv plainclothes
men, to see that minors were uot given
VON HEN CUTTING
HIS WAY THROUGH SERBIA
Serbs Defeat Attempt to Encircle Left Wing and Invaders
Making Slow Progress-German General Sacrificing
Men Like Pawns On a Chess Board To Gain His Point
Allies Assist In Protecting Railroad-Situation Looks
Better To Allies
London, Oct, 16. Though their plight
is desperate, the Serbians aro still re
sisting the battering of Austro-Merman
and Bulgarian forces. Though he is
sacrificing men like pawns on a chess
board, Held Marshal Von Mackensen
has boon able to hammer his way south
ward only ten miles through the Mor
ava valley. Furthermore the Gorman
attempt to oneirclo the Serb left wing
near Semendria was heavily defeated,
and the invaders havo been able to
make only very slow progress.
The wnr-uccustomed Serbs now have
the aid of British and French troops in
defending the Salonika-Nish railway.
First word that reinforcements had
reached bo far north came today, but
it is not believed tho force is large.
Austrians have been defeated in at
tempting to renew their Unliciun of
fensive. The (lermnns, weakened by
withdrawal of forces for Serbian oper
ations, retired before Dvmsk. The
right wing wns driven linck near
The center has retreatod
bcyoud the Prlpet river.
London, Oct. 1(1. Kxcept for tho
Balkan problem, (he war situation from
Ahe allies' viewpoint wns regarded to
day as improved, especially in, Kussln.
Kveir Berlin did not clnini gnins any
where ou tho eastern front. The Teu
ton counter attack near Wessolowo 1b
beinir pressed vigorously, following nn
admitted break in tho Merman lino
there, but there in no indication thut
it hns been successful
'v Eussinn forces lost a little of wha
they had gained In (Inliciu but not ull,1
RECOVERS AT CLOSE
Activity In Market Said To
Indicate Coming of Gen
(Copyright 1015 by the Now York F.v
New York, Oct. Id. Again todny,
with business greatly reduced from the
recent abnormal volume, the market
moved uncertainly. It opened irrigulur,
iiml then came almost to n halt. General
weakening of prices followed, but re
covery was fairly prompt and many
ended in a net advance,
Sterling exchange again advanced on
reports of a possible establishment of a
special London credit ill New York to
control erratic movements of exchange.
The week's cotton exports were neiir
ly double those of a year ago, but 10
per cent less than lit I.I. Kxehange bunk
checks this week, for the country as a
whole, again broke nil records.
The nuestiiin superseding the course
of the market Is whether a jjenernl , or swing clubs ure being rorced in
trade revival is ulso under way. At j the army. General Villa himself Is re
least it is the general rule of financial ' portcd-ut Nuco.iiri with n flying col
history that a prolonged vigorous rise I u m n of ; 11,000 horsemen. Five thousand
of til" market foreshadows such expun-1 ninrii Villistas are advancing viu San
sum. Those uiiiieri.Vliig communis
which cnusc.l the rise easy money, ris
ing bank reserves, great crops, mid
profitable export trade, usually cause
tlm other conditions.
SAL VA TION
By J. W. T. Mason. i
(Written for the I'nited Press. (
New York, Oct. III. Great Britain s.
Iiiratioii i.T war on Bulgaria unities
check the Teutons. sit nut ion Is not satisfactory to (tie milt-
The Herbs ure appealing for the de-! lury leaders. From this, it may menu
layed help that has mysteriously diiiip that the allies, perhaps, are consider
pea red between Suloiiika und Serbia. ! lug an alternative to the Serbian expe
And while she cries out, the nation ditioti, One Is to land on the Aegean
faces the prospect Hint, oiicn entrenched coast of Bulgaria; the other is to semi
In Serbia's mountains, the Germans , them Into F.uropcun Turkey,
could be dislodged onlv bv a force of1 The allies' principal asset is men.
H.WMyiiMI. Hut Serbia's salvation, how- Great Britain has 2,000,000 in reserve,
ever, is apparently no unimportant part j available for early action. Her dccln
of the allies' plans. Their major con- ration against Bulgaria may mean thut
siderntlon is tu prevent establishment she will supply the needed men. If she
of a permanent line of commuiilcation ' does, tho Germans cannot permanently
from Il.t.H.nrV I,, ('(.nstl.l. tlmiitle. The! reinforce Turkey, 'or the line of com-
I minimum length of this line Is 450 miles
I and only
in in e i.r it tifccssnrt
and Petrogred claimed at points the
enemy wna thrown back toward the
Oeneral French denied German claima
of progress near Vormelles, while the
Paris war office admitted the loss of
a fow posts in the Champagne and
Vosges, though none of these reverses
was important, and other gains by the
French offset them.
Lays It Ou Serbia.
Athens, Oct, 10. Bulgaria declared
war on Serbia because the Sorbs at
tacked Bulgarian troops at Kustendil
Tuesday, the Bulgariun minister ex
plained officially today, giving the first
confirmation of reports of a formal
declaration by Sofia.
Athens, Oct. 1(1. In an effort to pre
vent tho allies from reaching Ninb,
llulgars are trying to cut tho railroad
thev must traverse between Volundovn
iul Hovo.lovo, 20 miles from the Greek
Serbians are resisting strong-
Gorman Attack Palls.
Paris, Oct. 1(1. Furious attempts by
the Germans last night to recover
trenches captured by the Fronch with
in the past two days, north of Bolllon
la Ixirralno , were repulsed, todny's
communique announced. Many Ger- 1
mans wero taken prisoners. After a
heavy bombardment at Lingo in tho
Schrat.inneunello district, the Ger
mans charged nt midnight, but were'
Is Hurling His Forces at Car
ranza Strongholds In
Nognles, Arix., Oct, 1H. General
Francisco Villa is hurling practically
all his available forces against the
stronghold of Ciirran.u in Boiiora and
adjoining states, despite tho United
States government's practical recogni
tion of the "first chief" according to
reports brought hero today by Amer
ican refugees who are fleeing by horse,
foot and automobile from the Canancu
region, where nn important battle im
The mines and smelters at Ciimmeii
will close next week. Five thousand
will be thrown out of work. Ituilroiul
communication with Cniimiea one of the
most Important mining cities ou the
continent, is cut. There has been mi
butter nor flour (hero for five days.
The city is fortified mid citizens of
all ages ull mules who can shoot guns
General Obr.'g.ui has rushed 5.(100
Carl'iinisliis to (leuerul Hill in Souoru,
with which to check the rebels' ad
vance, OF SERBIA
It is not essential, therefore, to halt
ii Austro (Scrmnns in Serbia. More
over, tlie increasingly uipiiviicnl ntti-
tuilu of Greece makes the expedition
mil thy (Salonika bnsx
has been iutimnte.i In
parliament that the (Irei l,
j rnunlcntion, If established, will be bin
v a eventually, unless mo mum..
luuturily retire from th t ngniurnt.