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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 15, 1915)
OVER 4000 DAILY
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1915
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRA1NB AMD KKWi
STANDS TVTB OTUfT
Ciak Made That All Slav At-
:ks Against Russians
FOREMOST RANKS OF
RUSSIANS MOWED DOWN
Heavy Artillery Fire Checked
Rusians and Sent Them
Vienna, Oct. 15 (By wireless to Say
ville.) Austriau forces have throw-it
serious obstacles in the path of the Rus
sian steam roller. It was officially
luimed today that 'nil Slav attacks
igninst the Austrian linil been re
pulsed, while small engagements along
the Montenegro nnd' Iliirzegovinian
frontier were reported.
The main Russian attack was west
of Tarnopol, where the Slavs stormed
in three files. Only the foremost ranks
noro protected and the Austrian mow-
d them down and drove them back
with heavy loss.
Favorable progress iu the Serbian
operations was likewise claimed.
Concerning Wednesday's operations,
the statement snid: "Our troops storm
od the region of Belgrade, advancing
o the southeast to the fortress-like po
sitions on the Erino, Brdo, Cunak, Sta
warns line. The enemy who, according
to statements made by prisoners lind
been ordered to stand to the last man,
flod to the Avala motmtaius and the
region to the east. His losses were ex
Heavy artillery lire tore the enemy's
ranks to pieces at ninny points.
Serbian Capital Will Fall.
Berlin, by wireless to Suyvillc, 1..
f., Oct. 15. Austro-Germnns have tnk
on all the heights dominating the an
cient Serbian capital of Belgrade and
the various Danube river crossings, it
was officially clarfiied today. They
were reported" heading southward from
Seinendria. Several cannon were cap
tured in the storming of Mount Lipnr.
A Hot Naval Battle.
Londou. Oct. ID. A naval fight in
tho Gulf of Finland, with one cruiser
,aid to have been sunk and another
badly damaged, was reported in Stock
holm dispatches today. No details were
rriven, but it was believed here the ves
mIs must have been Russian and Ger
man. The correspondent added the Fin
nish coast was raidcif by a Zeppelin
which caused several fires.
Greece to Stay Neutral,
Loudon, Oct. 15. Answering the Bul
garian demand for a declaration of the
Greek nttitude in the present Balkan
.-risis, Premier M. Znimis of Greece, has
e:iin announced his nation's neutral
ity, according to an Athens dispatch to
the Times today.
PLENTY OF FOOD IN GERMANY
Portland, Ore., Oct. 15. Germany is
k supplied with food and the people
.ire as united as when the wur started,
u'cordinc to Richard Koehler, former
purchasing agent of the O. W. R. S V
tonipanv. who has just returned from a
U months' visit in the fatherland.
ITALY. TO AID SERBIA
Paris. Oct. lS.-r-Kvidcncing an early
intention to join the other allies in
i heir move to Serbia's aid. Italy is
.housing troops to send to the Balkan
ipcriitious, according to Koine reports
Money talks, but not when t"j' as
. r i around. We all have two rep-
u'ations one at home an' one at th'
Of STEAM ROLLER
Strong Undercurrent of Criti
cism In Germany Against
By Carl W. Ackenuaa.
' (United Press staff correspondent.)
Berlin, Oct. 15. Anti-American
criticism in au uirder current, it is
true, but nevertheless, criticism has
greeted the Oormun-Aiuerican settle
ment of the Arabic controversy, since
parts of the settlement have come to
the knowledge of the public through the j
newspapers, mo settlement certainly
does not meet with the public approval
in Germany that America has given
I Therefore I am asking the censor to
pass this story, knowing that the Ara
bic disagreement was settled official
ly, but believing the American public
should know what the Germans thiilk.
I asked several high officials the
reason for the present public attitude.
One snid the criticism is the price Gor
manv is willing to pnv for Amerieuu
"But we wait now to see if Presi-
dent Wilson is as firm .against the Bri-!
tish blockade, as lie he has been with
Germany," this official added. "If
he is, then Germany will understand he
is really neutral."
HE WOULD NO! HAVE
Senator Cummins Would Have
Whatever Is Reasonably
Required For Defense
Davenport, Iowa., Oct. 15. Disagree
ment with any policy designed to make
the United States the world 's dominant j
naval force was voiced today by
United States Senator Cummins before
the Mid West conference on prepared
"The suggestion that we ought to
enter tipun a program, which, when
finished, would make the United States
the dominant naval force of the world
docs not commend itself to me," he
"I have no sympathy with the pro
posal to enter into the mad competi
tion which has characterized the policy
of Great Britiau and Germany.
"I am also utterly opposed to uuv
plan involving compulsory military
training, except in schools, for if there
is not enough patriotism in this nution
to induce voluntary preparation theu
the country is hardly worth defending.
"Our first and paramount duty is to
make all things ready for au advance
in behalf of international pence. The
instant the ur in Kurope ends, the op
portunity will come to broaden the
scope of urbitrution, to increase the ef
ficiency ot mediation, anil to secure
the high advantages of reflection and
"We must, however, be ready to
meet the misfortuue of war if it is
unjustly and wrongfully thrust upon
us. This presents a practical inquiry
which coiiisress must answer. 'What
! is reasonably required for national de
fense?' With those roiisi'lerntions in
mind, congress should look to the fu
ture with honest eyes, and prepare for
it with persistent courage."
FELL FROM WINDOW.
Portland, Or., Oct. 15. Falling from
the third story window of an oast sole
rooming house, Mary Vivines, :to, is
suffering today from seiious, perhaps
WOULD BE BLUNDER
By J. W. T. M.tsoiv.
(Written for the Coiled I'r.-oO
New York. Oct. Nl5.--I.omb. li reports
thnt Great Britain is considering the
abandonment of the Dardanelles opera
tion can only mean that there i. fear
i.f the Germans quickly threatening
F.gvpt after .passing through Serbia.
Whether this fear has yet influent od
the government is doubtful, but it ex
ists ,in unofficial circles whieh are
advocating withdrawal of fm.-is from
the Gnllipoli pcninsiiM for use In aid
.Nut oulv would retirement from nl
lipoli be a severe defeat for the allies,
but 'it would also be A serious strategic
.rr.ir tifil.ss troops were not obtain-
any other ounner. i iier
UIPI ,, ... , ,
no indication that tlie 'teuton nre ui-1 "pr,r ",r "uign. mr iniu-r noui -vnncing
so rapidly through K-rbiii that ; be encouraged to remain in the ijlliurie.
it is imtM'rstive 'for the allies o re-; Rritish retirement from Gnllipoli
i..f. 1 1.. Serb without dclav. Troop I would be attained by etieme diffieul
con reach Serbia from Kngland by war
of Salonika within a fortnight, and
.u.i.i "fionniMi Hritish ren. rve en
iler arm, could be
T ' . . J tl. ,
drawn on for the
State Railroad Commissioners
At San Francisco Inti
i WANT CONGRESS TO SAY
WHAT VALUATION'S FOR
Difference In Plans of Valu
ation Would Mean Some
Francisco, Oct. Id The issue
'' her tlie present valuation of rail-
roads bv the interstate commerce is
for the purpose of rate making or the
ultimate purchuse ot the railroads oy
the federal government took rather a
sensational turn today in the conven
tion of t'ne National Association of
State Railroad commissioners, in ses
Max Thelen. president of the Cali
fornia railroad commission, introduced
a resolution proposing that the Nation
al Association of Railway commission
era urge the interstate commerce coin
mission to refrain from making any
ultimate finding of value of railroads
until congress has had an opportunity
to designate for what purpose tho valu
ation is to boused.
It has been supposed that the gov
ernment's valuation has been purely
for purposes of rate making, and it
was not until tne present cunvention
met that it became known the valua
lion might be for subsequent purchase
The railroads, in submitting their val
nations, are placing them at the pres
ent cost of construction, which would
mean a difference of $.),000,0i)0,000 if
the government were to accept tiio fig
tires as the basis for a purchase price.
It is the contention of the cunvention
members of the California com-
mission, tlru tins value should be based
on original cost.
WILL STOP MASSACRES
Amsterdam, Oct. 15. The Cologne
Gazette today stated positively what
had previously been unconfirmed, that
the sultnn had replied favorably to the
pope's request to stop the massacre of
If She Refuses Russia's De
mands or Germany's Either
She Will Be Attacked
London, Oct. .15. Riimmiia, facing
apparently inevitable trouble whichever
wnv she turns, seemed unlikely today
to retain much longer her nttitude of
Should she refuse Russlu's reported
demand that she permit t roups to puss
through to Serbia, trouble with the al
lies would undoubtedly follow. On
the other hand, should she allow such
a passage, it is predicted Germany,
which has already suspended postal and
food shipments to Idimniiia, would
strike against her.
With such a force at home, it is dit
ficult to uiolerslnnd why the Hriti.-?
should surrender Cnllopoli.
If the Teutons nre prevented from
reaching TuikcV, it serros Inevitable
that the Mohammedan must capitulate
before long. -unless reports of shortage
of Kiipplien ale untrue.
Withdrawal of forces from the pen
in.iuln would make tip ullies' tn.ik in
the llnlknns more difficult. It woull
relieve the Tuiks in Oullipnli, mid make
theia available for assisting Itulguriu
As events nre now developing, there it
still a possibility thnt llulgiirln may
ulthdrnw from her agreement wi l
Austria and Germany. Hut, shouid th'
Turks be free to concentrate tbeii
'tie. Kmbarkntion on trunrt, under
' fire, might result in terrible disaster
- i Taken nil in ull, for the present it is
unsafe to trust rumor about tho Iar
DOES 1 L
E D TAKING
WAR SEWS VI
ONE YliAB AGO TODAY
Berliu said Ostend was taken
Thursday, without bombard
ment and that Russians in Bust
Prussia failed to occupy Lyck.
A German V boat sunk the
British cruiser Hnwke, with 3-7
officers and. men in the North
Sea, but the Theseus, sister-,
ship escaped, Kngland snid."
(anadinu troops left Stilisburg
Plains for tho trenches.
.lap-British bombardment of
Tsing-Tau forts was reported.
The Northern French line had
extended to the sen, with pro
gress reported at Litventio, near
l.ille, left wing, Paris said the
French were I- miles from
A German-Austrian offensive
between the Vistula and Gulicia
and fierce fighting 8 miles from
Warsaw, were reported by Pet
Plans to Recognize Carranza
Perfected, But Guatemala
Has Not Agreed To It
Washington, Oct; 15 American plans
to recognize General Venustiano Cur
nui.a us provisional president of Mex
ico encountered a temporary obstacle
today. 'Guatemala wu reported to be
balking at the program, though her
minister joined the Pan-American con
ferees in recommending that the "first
chief" be recognized by the countries
of North, South and Central America.
Still another cause of delay was the
effort to have all the Pun-American na
tions act simultaneously.
uespite tnese temporary nitcnes.
however, officials hope to be able, not
later than next week to announce es
tablishment of the new Mexican gov
With recognition still pending tlw
government hud taken no formal step
towards announcing an embargo on
munitions acrdls the border for Car
ranza 's enemies, but in actuality, tlx
embargo was in effect for customs au
thorities held ull shipments, technically
Fact of Election Next Year
Probably Deciding Feature
Washington, Oct. 15. President Wil
son today accepted the invitation of
New Jersey o make "Shadow Lawn,"
John Mcl.aU s place at Long Hrancli on
the Jersey shore, his summer resilience.
The president 's decision to occupy
the insurance magnnte's palatini resi
deuce, tollowcd a visit of ongrossnuin
Scully and a score of Jorseyites.
"Wo want you to return to New
Jersey which has given the country tin
greatest president iu its history," sail
The .Tersevites offered use of tin
estate with no expanse except for the
maintenance of Die president's house
hold. The president, however, asked
that he be allowed to pay rent, suggest
ing that it might be devoted to some
The Long llram h place has a beaiiti
fill lake on the premises, golf links
nearby, fishing retreats nnd the lit -inooiheic
of a summer resort in the
country roundabout. j
In taking the :.ew Jersey place, tne
president forsakes llsrlakendcn Iioum'
in the Cornish. N. II., pines.
The fact that next year is conven
tion ami cumpa'gn year is liejieve.i to
have hud a certain influence in the de
cision as the executive undoubtedly de
cs to be within euv mil nnd wire
coiiiiiniiiieation of thu big cities.
COST OF DARDANELLES.
Loudon, Oct. lo. Hritish casiialtie
in ilo. bnnlaiielles oiicrut ions liiive been
IV"'? killed and n,t.)7
wat olficnllv announced
18 )fC t ft ifc
tonight and Hat
111 E D R E
DANIELS PLAN FOR
Government Will Make Its
Own Aircraft and
WILL BE ESTABLISHED
Every Government Yard Will
Be Manufacturing Plant
and Repair Shop
Washington, Oct. 15. President Wil
son today gave his official O. K. to
Secretary of the Navy Daniels' pro
This includes greater provisions for
construction activity among govern
ment ship yards during tho coming
year than ever before. Every gov
ernment yard will be made a manufac
turing plant ns well as a repair shop,
and large amounts will be spent to
equip each for this system.
For the first time, the government
will go into the business of making its
own aeroplanes to increase its present
comparatively small fleet of aircraft.
A naval research laboratory, desired
by the civilian advisory board, will be
built if congress agrees, but the ap
propriation asked will be less thuu the
if.r,ultO,lMKI heretofore suggested.
AU Is Harmonious.
Washington, Oct. 15. "Thero is not,
and has not been, any disagreement
between President Wilson and me
Secretary of War Garrison, back from
his vacation, said todav commenting on
a report that they had differed on the
nrmv preparedness program
'There is entire harmony neiween
lie has approved the reorganization
and defense program.
This nrmram proposes an unnuttl ex
iienditure of 1 82.01)0,000, as against
! 10.000.000 in recent .years. It ulso
provides an increase or -U.imu in tne
Still another importnni recommenda
tion culls for placing t.ie niilina turner
federal control for reorganization, in
provide 500,oni) trained re-
Germans Make fierce At
tacks But Are Unable To
Regain Lost Trenches
London, Oct, 15. Hritish guins in the
I.oos region Wednesday have been
maintained despite bitter counter lit
tacks, ilispntcUcn if sjmii the western
I front stated today. .To Important
chnnges were claimed on the Finueu-
I The Hritish iu Wednesday's fight
I ing captured the main trench of the
lloheiizulleni redoubt, though the Ten
tons retained to coaiiiiuuiiiiting
I trenches between thu redoubt anil the
I ipiarries nearby.
I he official utaleuicnt late laid nix.r.
told of fighting through clouds of gas
I nnd smoke and capturing about 1,1'"
yards of trendies ".just south mid went
! of lliilliii'h " but adds " we were unubli
to maintain our positions there, on to
j count of the enemy's shell fire." Tl
- enemy's tiem h southwest of St. Kl.i
' was captured ami held.
Hungry Man Smiles
Eighteen Pies Missing
Oakland, ''nl., Oct. IS. Al six a. in.
and at H:::o he appeared conlcnlcd and
uad at X:'ld heaopeareil contented and
well f"d. Some time during the in
4c ti-rvitl IS pies of all nationalities and
deseriptiroi disappeared from a store on
1 Jefferson street, All of which the po
i(jlice consider suspicious.
However, " Crust v" denies he took
tne pics, no even ueuies ne rouoi cni
And the police wish there was some
way they could tnke a peek into a
person and discover it pies are causing
u contented lonK.
SERBIA DECLARES WAR
London, Oct, 15. Serbia today de
clared war on Hiilgarin. Actual him
tilities, howl'vcr, had been under way
for some days, and Atheii dispatches
declared that lliilgnrln lind notified the
(I reek government that she yesterday
declared war on Serbia.
Calls On His People To De
fend and Deliver Their
Brothers From Serbians
Sofia, via Berlin, and London, Oct.
15.-Calling upon his people and army
to "defend the national soil violated
by a perfidious neighbor (Serbia) and
to deliver our brothers from tho Ser
bian yoke," Czar Ferdinand today is
sued a manifesto In which ho explained
and defended his course in aligning
Bulgaria with the centrnl allies.
He and his advisors had done their
utmost for peace to make both sides
understood that the Bulgarians 'had
suffered the greatest injustice by divi
sion of Macedonia. Realization of na
tional ideas however, proved impossi
ble without joining tho Teutons iu
"We will nttnek the Serbians simul
taneously with the gallant armies of
the central powers," he concluded.
GREECE STAYS OUT.
London, Oct. 15. Keeaiiso Greece
does not consider that the trentv with
Serbia fits present conditions, she will
not g n to Serbia's aid, the Athens gov
ernment today repented in a note to
SIX OFFICERS OF
ESCAPE IN YACHT
Mysteriously Disappear From
Norfolk, May Be On Way
to Join Raider
Norfolk, Va., Oct. IS. Tho myster
ious disappearance of a Germun-owncii
vncht, with six warrant officers of the
interned German converted cruiser
Kronprinz Wilhelm, gave impetus today
to iciiorts that a new German raider is
off the coast of Mexico.
Captain Thlerfelder of tho Kronprin.
reported tho disappearance. Lieuten
ant Hoffman, navigation officer of the
Kronpiin. was the purchaser of tin
yacht, and he was on tho captain's list
The captain said the officers disap
peared Sunday, He believes they have
been drowned. Other persons, how
ever, pointed out that tlie yacht was
sufficiently largo and powerful to i
out to the open sen, thus lending color
to the suggestion that the officers may
have made a dash for liberty to Join
the reported raider off tho Mexic
Lec.vos of Absence Revoked.
Washington, Oct. 15. All leaves of
absence for members of the crews
nbonril the interned German raiders,
1$ ronprin. Wilhelm nnd Prlnr. Kite!
I'riedrich. at Newport, wero revoked
today by the navy department. This
action resulted from a belief that, six
warrant officers of the Kronprln., re
ported mission hud escaped in theyiichl
lalipse, and were perhaps trying to
damage Itrllis'u commerce iu the south
A I In ii t if .
The crew will be held prisoners iu
their ships until it is positively ile
lerinincd whether the six violated their
It was rumored the Kclipse whs seen
last night lit Hampton Point, but no
further trace of it had been found tnis
Once Forest Ranger
Scuttle, Win.li., Oct. I;"i.-"l)i."
I h liidlit. ex forest ranger and
Inter head of the Yoga cull here, took
tlie .wiliics sta:id in .Indue (iilliam's
court tod.'iv iu defense of charges t.uil
be and Mm. Iloiolhy Ablen derlicr, u
prima donna, had s.een living togeiiier
here us husli'ind and wil'e.
He testified that he mid Mrs. (ler
bor "eiilisi'i-ialcd ' themselves to the
Yoga (anil two vcars ago in Hun Km n
eiM ii, the home of Dr. Itnilolph II. Uer
Per, pioei utiiig witness,
Itclore that tune, hi' tuid was a
finest lunger iu Idaho where hi' "
in charge of K.'id men.
CH A MB Eli LAIN ENDOKHEH PLAN
I'oit'niol, Hr., ht. II.- That he is
hcarhly in tavor of Soenlnry of War
(larri-on's plan to inereasij I lie army
mis the declination tuiluy of Henntoi
( lin lobei lulu, chairman of the senate
military aflaiis eommittoe.
LAHBEN HAS BIO BLOW OUT
Itcdding, I'ul., Oct. l"i. - Ml.
Lussep begun eiiiptlon No. 117,
at 7 o'clock today mid a great
column of samite extended for
s mile into a cloudless sky. The
smoke was blown southward by
a stiff gale.
This Intimation Was Made la
the House of Lords
IS FIERCER THAN EVER
If Siege Is Abandoned the
Troops Withdrawn Will
Be Sent to Aid Serbia
London, Oct. 15. Despite the sug
gestion in the house of lords yesterday
that the siege of the Dardanelles tuny
bo abandoned, tho allien were reported
in news ilispntches today to be bom
bnrding the defenses moro fiercely tnan
ever. Whether this is merely a final
effort to crumble these seemingly im
pregnable protections, the public has
no means of knowing.
Unquestionably Lord Milnor's insis
tence on a transfer of operations from
the Gnllipoli peninsula elsewhere has
iiuseil ureal discouruiiomout In Enir-
land. Uoplying to Lord Milnor's idea.
Lord Lunsilowne of the cabinet, re
fused to promise either that tho Milnor
suggestion would not be adopted. Id
tins connection howover, ho pointed out
thnt it. would bo unpatriotic, to force
the government further to disclose its
hand regarding present operations,
though ho suggested tho situation at
present Is grave, ami that there are
several factors confronting; the allies,
including the failure of Greece to do
fine her nttituru with certainty.
Coupled with the usual difficulties
in the path of Gallipoli operation,
news . dispatches said that tho autumn
rains have added their hindranco and
discomfort to the allies troubles.
It was believed here that if there is
any withdrawal from the Gallipoli oper
ations, tne troops will no sent to anl
the Serbians, iicuimcil hi by Austro-Ger-
luaiis ami Unitarians.
Center of Fighting Now In
Serbia Where Stubborn
Defense Is Made
Paris, Oct. 15. Austro-Uermtin in
vaders ami thu liriivu baud of Serbian
defenders am locked in dospnralo but
tles south of Seineuilriii, Simultane
ously, Serbians' and Hulgariaiis, now
definitely under war declarations, uro
struggling fur Nish, capital of Serbia.
Tho Jiiilgariaus, spurred to notion by
their c.ar's call lor them to shiike otf
the Serbian yo'.ie, aiu responding en
thiisiastically. With their aid the Teutonic drive
for Cniislnutiuoplo is developing for
midably. Unliable reports today mild
I'n Id .Marshal Von Miickeascii, in
charge of tint German Serbian cam
paign, has il.rill,000 men biliiiid him,
while the lliilgiu inns have upwards of
.'liio.lilio. All reports from the. allied
'capitals indicate, lo.oever, that thcsn
forces w ill soon be opposed by huge
bodies of Hritish, 1'reiieh, Italian and
ICiissiau soldiers. Seiliia admittedly is
IiiiiiI pressed. Iler rmy is vastly
smaller than the forces of the invali
ds. Iu the face of the northern bouu
diy invasion, the rbs have retired
inlo the A v it tit mountain, and are pre
pared to bnllle to the lust ditch,
Mcnul ituc, the struggle along tho
front in I'm me and r'lninlnra goes on.
Heavy In mi I iu il n t is nnd grenmlo nt-
taeks marked the fighting around I.oos
mill Soiiehe. and through the Cham
pagne region. Iln'isli toices muliitiiin
ed their gains along ne iioitheni line,
mid are making desperate efforts t'
onat the 'ieiiiinns from the position
to islnili Hie) are teiiucioiisly clinging.
Suggestions in Kiiglntiil that tho
lluidnuelli'H oflui.no lie nbandoiied by
the ullies Inive mil vet leacllld a stage
v. here there is any iiiilicitiiou that
ll i directing the fate of the allies
are seriously considering a change.
'I'h ipiestioii of Siibiuu aid vtill prob
ably be me) largely Ihioogli proposed
I t'l li I'm I'i'iiii'iit H 1 1 M i Kiwi nu lind Dal
ian sources. Meiintiilie, however, the
lilies are continuing their batieriiig
at the great, detenses of CiiiiBtantino
pie. Along the eastern front, the Kus.
sinus admittedly have been somen hut
checked ill their recent guins.
Kepoits of a navnl battle nenr thu
entrance to Ocr round told of destrue,"
tinii of one German destroyer.
The Indiana silo on exhibition t
the state fair, has been sold by the
Siiauliliiia Logging Co. to H. Huniket
Of Tignid, ,jk