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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 14, 1915)
CHAELES H. FISHeT
Editor tad Manager '
October 14, 191.1.
1 Frlifrnrial Pa?e of "The Caoital
TUBI.ISHED KVKBY KVENIX0 EXCEPT SCXDAY, SALEM, OREGON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
I, 6 BVRXES, CHAft. ll. FISHER, IX;BA C. ANDBESEN.
President Vice-President Hec. and Trcas. ,
r.:i r,; nee venr 5.00 Per month.
liaily by muil, per year
3.00 Per month. .
FCI.I. LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
New York Chicago
VardLewis-Willinms hpecinl Agency Harry R. lisher fo.
Tribune Htiilding 30 N. Deafbofn St.
The Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
T.or.h If the carrier does not do t his. mi Men you. or neglects getting the
vapcr'to yu on time, kindlv phone the circulation manager, as this is the only
ray we can determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions.
Ihone Maia 81.
SHALL WE DO IT ?
Under the above heading the Marshfield Record of
Saturday last has an editorial anent the water power
question, and the Ferris bill concerning the same, that is
exceedingly pertinent and is reprinted for the suggestions
it makes and the questions it asks. It follows:
"Suppose congress should yield to the demands of
ennip r.f trip extremists and turn over to the states, in fee
.simple, without restriction or condition, the power sites,
and the coal, oil, phosphate and potash lands in the public
domain. What would the states do with them?
"What kind of legislation for the disposal and use of
these resources would the governors of California, Ore
gon, Washington, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming, Montana,
idah&and Colorado recommend to the legislature of their
"In what respect would the legislation on this subject
urged by the leaders in these legislatures differ from the
provisions cf the. Ferris bills urged by Secretary Lane?
"The Ferris water power bill proposes a 50-year lease
of power sites, with a provision allowing the property to
be taken for public use at the end of that term, on pay
ment of the real value of the property taken, not includ
ing any intangible values.
"Would the states propose to give these sites in fee
to the power corporations? ' Would they make leases for
longer than GO years? Would they give the people of the
state chance to take over the property at the end of
the lease period? And in taking over the properties,
would they permit the public to be mulcted into paying
for franchise, good will and going concern values?
"Both the Ferris power bill and the general leasing
bill provide for leases that are to be revocable unless the
lands and resources leased are developed within a reason
able time, and worked continuously, so that the public
may have the benefit of use of the resources,
"What governor or legislator would propose granting
or leasing these lands and resources to any individuals
or corporations without provision requiring their develop
ment and use?
"'Ph. Fen-is bills nrovido that all the revenues from
leases and royalties shall be for the benefit of the people
of the western states one-half to go directly to the
states, and the other half to be used in western reclama
"Would any governor or legislator propose that there
should 1)0 no public revenue from the disposition of these
lands, or that the revenues should bo used other than for
the benefit of the west?
"Who will propose that coal, oil and phosphate lands
be handed over to monopoly?
"What western state would agroo to give up those
resources without a royalty on the product?
"Let's hear from the governors and members of the
legislatures along these lines."
Another Farmer's Opinion.
Editor Capital Journal: Slight I
uive an observer's view of the em
ployment of Mr. I.. J. Chapin as county
I have no- reason to question Mr.
Chapin 's qualifications or ability to fill
this position. But I do call into ques
tion the present need of his services.
With very few exceptions, about all
the products are now produced on Ma
rion county soil that can be grown with
profit under our existing conditionstof
labor and markets.
In fact much is grown at a loss to the
Hoi 9 wheat. oat, apples, peaches,
pears, loganberries, potatoes, cabbage,
hogs, cuttle, corn and other products
are now moving into local markets at
little or no profit if not at an actual
loss to the farmer, were all of the
items of expense considered.
If any one should doubt this state
ment let him figure the cost in a business-like
way nnd he will be convinced
by his own figures.
The loss is usually represented by an
increased mortgage on the farms.
Xow, why should ire expend public
funds to command Mr. Chapin 's time in
for all this power of $40,000,000 a year. This would be
"velvet." Allowing seven per cent as interest on the in
vestment, this forty million interest would make the
principal fourteen times as large, or $560,000,000. As a
matter of fact with the water power sold at prices private
companies would charge once they owned the water
rights, would make the power worth well over one billion
dollars." This is why certain generous hearted gentle
men want the water powers of the state, now belonging
to all the people, turned over to them for development, so
they could sell it back to the people who gave it to them
at prices not at all short of robbery. j
Thev trouble lest the general government or the state
government make a failure of handling this power,' and
arrogate to themselves alone the ability to handle it. . The
water power should be used, but the title should be for
ever in the people, either through the federal or state
government. For the people of this staHe to make these
centlemen a present of a billion dollars, for no other rea
son than that they want it, and for no other purpose than;
to pay interest on the value of the present, would be in
When added to this is the water rights of Washington,
five million horse power, Idaho three million, and Call-
f mimSo r-kiln Vil-ir ne vmVl if l7ill f Conn fVlof f Via VO 1C
iUIIlia piuuamjl o muui, iv m uc occii "'" i i. effort, to hnve our farmer rrow hiir
something more than a desire to develop these vast ger crops when the present output ni
powers for the benefit of the public back of the men who CTTmZlLr
"'are working for an opportunity to develop them. the cost of living to consumers. The
price is usually about the same to him
"" """" I no matter how little the farmer is paid.
Have you observed the store windows, and their gens l!,cHjnR 'nrm products n. this county
,. " , P ,. i, -i j.' i i o tc i l a i would further impoNrrfsh our farmers;
ei'OUS display Of nationally advertised gOOUS.' If not let enrich the middlemen and money lender
your gaze take in the displays, for they are not only! i wii e of no material relief to
Economically speaking the output of
our farms is limited by the expense in
curred in growing the crops and the
capacity of our markets to absorb them
at a .profit to the grower.
Farmers cannot and will nof continue
to grow crops lit a loss as in the case
of our now over-supplied market.
The question uppermost in the minds
of our farmers is not "how much can
I grow?" but rather, "what shall I
grow that I can sell at a profit?"
We niny be assured when the markets
are at hand, the farmers will gladly
meet the demand and they will be
found to have ample skill in doing this.
On the contrary, until such markets
shall become available, not all the ad
vice that Mr. Chapin can give will be of
any material service.
The remedy for tlirs whole agricul
tural muddle lies first in educating our
farmers in the advantages of co-operative
buying and selling and in establish
ing for themselves rural credit associa
tions. But this would interfere seriously
with the business of the toll-tnkers who
eagerly protect their privilege to levy
tribute on every mouthful of food that
is taken by consumers.
Farmers need to be educated along
the lines indicated instead of merely'
how to grow more crops. Consumers
must aid in this movement toward co
operation among farmers if they expect
early substantial relief from the pres
ent high cost of the common necessities
mrovpctinrr hut fr ncstinrm Hv nnnrvna v ar vprnserli
J.Vl v-v.- . J "--J
goods, is meant those that for the most part are adver
tised only in the big magazines. The big advertisers are
awakening to the fact, that the best advertising, that
which brings the best results, is that displayed in the
local papers, and this display is the first move towards
using the local papers as advertising mediums.
The Commercial Club is making a strong effort to
have Marion county retain the services of Mr. Chapin as
agricultural expert, and to this end issues an appeal in
today's Capital Journal, to the farmers to write either
President Hamilton of the Commercial Club, or County
Judge Bushey, expressing their views on the matter.
We t Mason t i
i i iuw u
ARE NOW OFFERING THE GREATEST
VALUES IN MEN'S DRESS SHOES EVER
OFFERED IN SALEM. RIGHT IN THE FACE
OF THE HIGHEST LEATHER MARKET
EVER KNOWN THEY ARE REDUCING THE
PRICE OF MEN'S DRESS SHOES. OVER.
TWENTY NEW STYLES JUST RECEIVED IN
TAN AND BLACK. ALL STYLES, OVER TEN
NEW ENGLISH LAST. ONE DOLLAR RE
DUCTION ON EVERY STYLE, $5.00 SHOES
AT $4.00 ; $6.00 SHOES AT $5.00.
g The Small Profit and Quick Sale Store J
The horse is sliding off the map, his friends at last
admit it; he'll hang around a while, mayhap, but soon
he'll have to quit it. For things propelled bv gasoline; ,,f i'f?
increase each day in numbers, and Dobbin; pnie,
leaves this earthly scene for his eternal
1 t---.iT 1
lirwia liv m:r Ira nAitci-Pda wn Ariion:! K Ttflrmfffflr? f5 An fTiTa fn nnv ATtnl 11
When aUtOS (IrOVe him from the'THINKS SERVLN0T IEDE1,!rl..U-V,ihe tl?M interests that!.. mthnately defeat their pur-
pave uj. nubuuii; luwns aim ciues, we saiu, i , . . . - "".
Itt e j i - . i.i i quested .nidge Kusiiev to have it print-
ii o iuuiiu mo uiuuii giavc, v jiitii 10 a eii in tne apital Journal, so it inay be nMiiivi,.,,
cnousanu puies duc on me iarms ne n nave ""-"" T" a 1,11 urr" ioriim tme,
' 1 i' 11111 in 11 11 1 iu t inn . .
a place, till farms are frozen over; along
nriem, nr., Uet. !, Jitlu.
one end nnd milking them at the oth;r. ; f ul of food eaten by consumers.
are now, turongu .lett stratcgv,
t'.ie same squeeze to ayricul-
the furrows there he'll chase, and fill him
onlf M'ltVl .lrX7n1,, TJnf nAur Tnc Viil
iiv.ii unit viivn. i;ul uuw, cuao, lie
With best regards, I remain,
erv Trulv lours
" J. W. WILTZ.
We are verv much pleasede to ei . . -you
.stand out against all such conibina-j 5KII1 01 IS Q J0V KlftM
tions as roid paving trusts and some1 a 1
i-hea lawyers niry even now be in the ;
employment of these interests to dis
credit you. Hut we should like to see
.fudge Bushey anil
tounty ( ommiHisoncrs
doesn't rank with agriculture's factors: the1,, ?? r"v.
farmer .draws upon the bank, and buy m ,
some bier steel tractors: and one of these1." .. , 11 ! .-n' " h;itt eeni that the voters win Voice
will haul six nlovvs as throueh a field it lumbers- the'"'1'"11 1 aen'timent of the vast!" imiie mk to those behind the;y
nmii liaui &ia inimb, as imuuyi a iltltl It llimoeiS, we.. of Marj(m fnr jwenw. should any attempt be made Ui
viiii an vitrviiuii. ' K2 e3
Wimt the t'ouiKry nee.ls to eneourage ?-
DLL FELIX GOURAUD'S ORIENTaI
CREAM OR MAGICAL BEAUTIFIU
THE VALUE OF OUR WATER POWER
u :j. .... it i 1 . xi i .
HOISTS St'e ll as Uiey UlUWSe, anil KnOW iney are DaCK when I say that Mr. Chapin services
numbers. They're shipping now our foaming steeds '!r,'..I!.",,".,,"1'"1 ,!t, ,,'i.s ,il,"c' howcver
" 1 ' ri " irratlTieil he lllfiv tin Inf thu ornvl
, 1-. f I.i.. 1 A1 " - . . '
tieioss nif unnv waiei, iui iuiupe neeus inem wnere sue
bloods and wades around in slaughter
the butchers loose that pi
about the only use that's left
agriculture and reduce the high cost of j
Our problem is not, what we can ! "V'"K is force of men who will go out i
l dlnilD-Virrr Tn turn thorn fn 1 Krm" or how much we can grow on our educate the farmers in the advnn-j
c"'ll,S1"--' i U tUI II Uieill lu ,linila ,,nt whnt wt, (Mln st, B( a n,RMn. j tages of co-operative buying an.l selling j I
an no One indorses; but ltS '' profit after it is rea.lv for toe;alul rl11 banks. This is the :
ft ilist Tliuv fnr hnriPH 1 mrlot. ' only remedy for the present depleted ' "
it, juft iiuw, iui IlUtses. About everything offered for sale in ' condition of agriculture. If Mr. Chapin i -
Apropos of the editorial from the Marshfield Record,
reprinted in this issue, a few figures as to the value of
Oregon's water power, not counting that of the other
coast states which of course will go whatever way those
of Oregon do, it will become plain why certain groat
hearted men "are working for an opportunity to develop
our water powers now going to waste.
Oregon's water power is estimated at not less than,
four million and some estimates run as high as six1
million horse power. I
Taking the lower estimate let us see what the gentle-j
men are working so hard to get an opportunity to develop,
it for. j
Power is sold in the East at from $20 to $10 per horse
power per year. At the lower estimate it will be seen1
Oregon's horse power is worth when controlled $80,000,000
a year, The actual cost of furnishing this power would
not be over one-fourth of this sum, but let us be liberal!
and esimato it at half. This would leave a net income'
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a general banking business
Safety Deposit Boxes
Think Bones Those of
Spaniards Lost In 1527
Honolulu. llaiMiii. 1'. S. tl., Oi l. I I.
The (Iiv.in ei v .il' n .olli'.'linn of huuin :
l.iuies, in renin' Knl.le slate of preservii !
t ion ill u scries f raves along mi nu-j
l'reiiUMite. portion of the .oust of the
i 1 ii i i,l of Hawaii, has led to the belief,
the ii'inniiiH are those of 11 'number of
Spa mm. Is who are credited by early
:ii-torlniis to lime visitcii the llamiiinii
Islniiils about I"'.'". Lying in the path
of aitrcenive flows of nii.ltea Itivii, the
raws had become lieiuieliinlly sealed.!
Animals had niccci'dcd in making their
way into the unique tomb, destroying
much Ihnl iiiilit have proved of great
value to llie an hcaliigist. It was in
l.ljr an expedition, filled out by the
intrepid cvploier, Coi!.'. sailed from
spiii'i for the Mpice islands. Two of t.ie
vessels were lust during a storm and
vveie never heard from again. Ha
waiian trajltio'u relates the arrival of
sliipvufclved officer and men on the
Kiuin const at iibiuil this period. The
islands aie recorded on a map pub 1
li died bv .1 Him lim'tauu in 1 """', which
would iinlicnle other parties of Siwiiish
,mv iniilnrs visited the islands before
AWHRDeO GOLD MtDAL
SAH FRANCISCO V. XPOSITIOK
Dr. W. A. COX
303 State Street
The Milestones of Life
are indicated by the
Ry preserving the teeth
you help prolong life at
the same time enjoy life
as you go along.
Let me attend to your
Lady attendant always
the IoimiI markets except prunes and 'ould devote his time to these move-
cloverseed has been produced at a verv I meuts his services would bo very vnlu
narrow margin of profit if not at au i cllo. Hut, of course, he would not be
actual loss to the farmers. Agriculture '
ill the Willamette valley has advanced :
as far as it possibly caji uuder present
conditions ot labor and markets. j
So long as tiiese conditions remain as'
thev are, any increase of farm pro-1
ducts would also proportionately ill
Crease too loss to the producers.' ' ,
Why siioiild we crow more hogs, linv.l
hops, wheat, or.t.',, I'.pplov logunberri ''a,
peaches, Mitatoes, end other vegetables
when these ulri;;dy offered for sale
find a stagm:-: and oversiiiiplied ,
market f ' !
Uf course the price to consumers is
held up. The lirotits all ro to the
business finis tint work between the
farmer nnd consumer. To increase thei
output of our farms under present co.i
ditions would only re.Milt in making the
.farmer poo.er and the middlemen
Kiirni iiioit(.n;:es would be increased
and the uioveine it of farmers to t.iwn
would continue r it now docs all.v.-ing
teiiant.i to take t'.:eir place.
I This whole con. ly agriculturist move-'
inent throughout the C. S. us bused oa
ithe Siuitli-Scv.T appropriation of mil-
RenovM Tun. Flitpl
Kri-C4le. M..IU F-'dHs
lUji, inJ stia 0"Mn
u bu!7. a4
do. detection. 11
lias iicO U W
of ) W.
1. M htnnl
II pmpfflr a"1
l(U of m
rime. VT Uk
fern ttK U
,.T Of IW
... r w
will a- a
the IfMt harmfnl o( al. UJ
! akin pnllolll.' Koraala hy all dniin """
I aWa littivt Id lua Ualil ut CaLa aM
B0.T. NQPtlNS. Pros. J7 8ml Jane VnA NTg
Beware of Oinrments for '
Catarrh that Contain Mercury
a mercury will surely demrnv the ix-ns
of imell nnd completely detnnKc lil,c
, whol ivatcni when cntcrln ll throuKli
I the mucoua iurfaewi. Such arllclea ahouM
never tw uwd esrept on prraxTlpilnna
from rcpiitnMo pliyalclana, aa the .lnmatts
tlicy will do la ten fold to the bckhI yott
. can powlt.ly derlv from I hem. lliill'
t'alarrh Cur, rrnnufactured hv F. J ,
Cheney A Co.. Toledo, O., rnn'talnt no
mercury, and It taken lnlrn)lv. aclln
j directly up,.n tho blood ami mucnu aur.
faces of th syateni. la buvlna: Hall't ;
s niurni v .ire m hi re. vm wt i. mnti.
trie It t taken Internally nnd made In '
Toledo. Ohio, by K. J. Cheney Co.-Tef !
Held hv rrui!llst. price 75o per bnttl.
Ta. Hail a Family rill, for ona!Uu,
A poor or inferior butter will make the best
bread distasteful -
ASK YOUR GROCER FOR
Marion Creamery Butter
Tt costs no more and you Get the Best