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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
DAILY CAP IVAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON MONDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1903.
TO CROSS TIE 0 IAf
' IN THREE DAYS
lhe Turbine Engines Have Already Demonstrated Their
"Wonder ittl Power as a Marine Engine, a Speed of 43
Miles Has Been Attained and Now it Is Purposed to
Equip One of the Big Ocean Liners With a 75,000,
Horsepower Engine, This Would Guarantee a Speed of
45 and ib Is Thought 60 Miles an Hour.
And Cases Set Down for Ar
gument Firtt Week in
Chicago Journal ) motive powor Is applied direct to the
(Tho facta givon In this article propoller.
This drum Is inclosed within a
cylindrical caso, and' on the outside
hava heon supplied by C. A. Parsons,
tho lnvontor of tho now Bystem).
A. mllo a mlnuto through tho water
a speed equal to that of our fastest
express railway trains would soem
to thoso unacquainted with tho latest
developments la mothoits of, proptV
fllon to bo an absurd mi eradiation.
That tho Idea of a twonty-flve-mlle
an;hour limit on tho ocean may be
finally abandoned by tho public, It Is
only necessary to stato Hint a Booed
of fifty mlloa an hour has already
lioon accomplished, and that tho ex
tra ton, can. bo added whenovor It
Is desired to add thorn. It Is tho tur
lilno steamer which Is doing all this,
and that tho turblno has come to stav
la sufficiently Indicated In tho facts
that It has already boon fitted to many
BhlpB of war and passongor stoamors,
and that now, at least, tho Cunard.
company l& considering the advis
ability of putting thorn Into trans
AMantlc vossols, and with tills ob
Joct In vluw a commission Is about
to bogln a full Inquiry Into tho systom
75,000 Horse Power,
Already a big firm of englnoors has
offorod to fit on board the lingo Can
ardors whloh firo just about to b
built turblno onglnos which will do
volop 75,000 Indicated horuopowor on
a coal consumption of only 3.3C5 tons,
as against 0,8Gi tons roqulred by tho
uso of roclprocntlng engines. Those,
turbines would reduces tho Atlantic
passage to 100V4 hours or twenty-two
less than nc prosent.
This, howovor. Is considered by tho
most competent authorities to bo con
siderably within what is practicable
at tho prosont momont. It is pre
ferred to advanco gradually and sure
ly In mattorn of this kind, which will
rovolutlonlzo oxlstlng systems, but
thore Is roally no doubt whatovor
that a vftssol could bo built straight
away which would roduco tho Atlantic
passago to botwoon throe and throo
and a half days,' which would take
throo or four dns off tho passage to
tho Capo, flvo or six off that to Hong
Kong, a weok or moro to Australia,
and generally offset a further shrink
ago of tho 'vorld tho rosults of which
would bo of such a far-reaching char
uctor thut ua yet Uioy can hardly bo
Imagined with any degree of accuracy.
What a Turbine la.
Tho o.vorago porson who has little
or no acquaintance with mochanlcal
ongluoorlng matters hiut still but th)
vnguwt notion of what a turblno is.
It has boon provod by oxporlmont thai
If ton avorago nowspapor readers are
naked Uio question only two will bo
nblo to glvo a propor answer, foui
othora will be ablo to commit them
solvo a, fn? as to say iat It Is a new
application of stonm power, whllo four
will doelaro It to bo a now power al
together somuthjug on tho 'lluoa of
a potroloum onglno. such as Is usually
ilttQd to tho motor car. Tho word
"iurblno" sounds aa If It steod for .
kind of oil or spirit, hones tho con
fusion of the public mind.
A turblno would bo described,
bluntly, In a small dictionary as n
horUoutnl vator whoel and a water
whool such as drlvea machinery of
Bomo mills In country dlstrlots, and
whlah Is familiar to avorybody, Ir
really nothing but a vator turblno.
Tho stonm turblno, which is engaged
In upsottlng all prcconcolved Ideas
about ocoaU voyngos, Is Just tho snmo
principle, save that stonm takes the
phco of wnler, nud that it is force of
Impact aldn. nud not force combined
with wolght as In the cnie of tho
water whoel which makes the whtol
go round In the mlddl of tho shir
thoro Is a big drum placed which will
revolve on a central nxlo whenco the
Tho suprome court this afternoon
handed down two opinions. They are:
H. N. Smith, respondent, vs. N. Wil
cox, appollants, and H. N. Smith, re
spondent vs. Isaac Tomplo, et al; ap
pellants; appeals from Multnomah
county; affirmed. Opinion by Justice
Wolverton. Both cases wore brought
for tho purpose of foreclosing me
chanics' Hens. Appollants contended
that Smith could not foreclose a Hen
'as ho was a sub-contractor, but tho
of Uio drum and on tho inside of tho a8 a " " 7" :' , . ,
, roi.. ., ..,., ....ui .'court holds that tho mechanics' Hen
other, aro rows of thousands of little Iaw makes no difference between con
projecting blades, Tho blades on the tmctors and subcontractors, and a
urms uie decision 01 mo luwuv mun
T. P. Walker, appellant, vb O, P.
Harold and Sarah Harold, respond
ents; appeal from Linn county; It. P.
Why uso gelatine and
cjmuiiI houra soaking,
and coloring when
producwa better results In two uhiutesY
Evory thing ia tho package. Bimplyaddliot
vatorandsottooool. It's perfection. Aawv
priw to the hoow wife. No trouble, lea ex.
uao. Try U to-day. In Four Fruit Fhu
vow i Lomoa, Orange, BUavbeny, Hj&g
tarry, Algroocsb. 10a.
i '"flam. -,."'. u
from Clackamas county.
drum aro so shaped slantingly that If i
you were able to blow hard enough a '
them a rotary Impulso would bo ap
nil rwl ir rtin r1titm nti1 tf wnnlil lo
moved round. Tho sU-am Ib let into B!80' Judf: nied. Opinion by
the cylinder through a hole at the,Ch,of J,,3tlc0 M"- ,, , ,
side direct from the boiler, and, act, IIThIS, wa8,a 8,Ult lf H
Ing upon the movable blades, causes MfeA Xho f ulent. The court
tho drum to rovolvo at a very rapid reverses the decision, and enters a
rfttc Judgment, giving appollant and other
How It Works claimants first right to securo their
,.... ' , ' claims, tho balance to go to the ro-
Tho fixed blades on tho Inside of ont Snrah Harold, wlfo of O. F.
the cyllndor which almost touch tho Tinroi,j
others, slant In tho opposite direction, , Th(J 'followng ca8c8 havo boen Bct
and thoy aro Uioro for tho purpose 'for hoarlng by tho c)ork of the court,
of securing tho efficiency of tho tur-1 Tuoscm.( Jannry G-D. Brockway,
blno and making tho steajn net upon rognomlont( V8 Cty 0f Roseburg, et
It In tho right way. When the steam n ttppol,antB. appeal from Douglas
first ontors tho cyllndor It moots a county- Wi M admlnlstrator,
ring of thoso fixed bludes, by which r0Bpond,ntt Vs. W. L B. Mills, appel
it 1b deflected so that it strlkos tho'lnnt. appenl from MuUnomnh county,
adjoining ring of moving blades at j Wodneg(lay, January C-F. K. Ar
tho propor angle for Imparting tho' ,a admnl8trntor. respondent, vs.
rotary impulso. When tho steam Mborl u. SmUii, 0t nl., appollants;
loavoa thoso blade It has naturally 'npiiQal from MuUnoniah county,
boon deflclont and tho second ring of jMUm En Froman, appellant, vs.
fixed blades is Intorposod, thoso dl-(TnomaB Froman respondent; appeal
reeling tho stonm on to tho second frnm Ijino POIlnt,.
ring of moving binds. Proclsoly the j Tlmr8day January 7-MlnnIe Caso
nmo process Is carrlec'-out with tho1,, ,a.mri0nt v p a TJiniwim.
many succeeding rings of guide and' ',lnn.. nm.Li from ciacRamas
moving Idados, until tho Btoam Anally I county. w. w. Hall appellant, vs.
manes lis escape ni me oxnausi pas- Laura c Hall, respondent; appeal
This Is a comp'oto explanation of
tho turbine. If, then, it Is bo simple
and Its capabilities so vastly suporlor
to thoso of tho ordinary stoani onglno
all this, too, having boon known for
years tho avorago porson Is at once
prompted to Inquire how It Is that
so llttlo has boon dono with It so far.
Tho answortothlBquostlon comprises
nil tho objections to tho turblno ob
jections which, for tho most part,
arise from Its oxcoss of morlt.
In tho first placo, the full advantage
of tho turblno Is only dorlvod whon it
Is working undor full prossure and on
a largo scale. It doos not do so woll
on n small Bcalo or at low spoods,
and, thoroforo, the best Holds for ox
porlmont all along, and tho ono which
would have ylolded the best results,
would havo boon tho Atlantic liner.
But tho ocean giants aro not let out
for oxportmonl8 and It Is tho way of
tho world that early trials must be
mado on comparatively small things.
The Coming Engine,
Mr, Parsons hnd to got over this
difficulty as best ho could, and nine
years ago tho first ship, specially
built at Wallsond-on-Tyno, whore aro I
now me works of the Parsons Steam
Turbine compan, limited, was pro
polled by tho now method. Sho was
Called tho Turblna. and a speed o(
thirty-four knots an hour was obtained
With hor. Then tho torpedo-boat da
stioyors Vipor and Cotra wero built
and taken over by tho ndmtrality, ths
former-proving horself able to travel
at forty-threo miles an hour. Both,
theso vossols enmo to grlof through
cnuaoa with which the turbines had
nothing to do; but tho admlrnlty were
convinced, and more ordors wero
given. Then tho turblno passongor
steamers wore fitted for the Clyde
sorvlco, and those havo been followed
by the now boats on tho ICngllst
channel service, the woudorful por
formancaa vf which hao attrnctod so
much attention. Turbines, morcovor,
havo boon fitted to three Bteapi
jachts so far, one being tho Hmernld.
belonging to Sir Christopher Fumees,
which Is the first turbluo-fUted ymso1
to cross the Atlantic.
An entirely separate system of tur
blno hns been provided for rovors
lng purposes. The steamship Queen
was Btopped dead, when going ovor
nineteen knots an hour. In one min
ute and seven seconds niter tho order
was given to tho onglno-room, tho
distance sho traveled in this time be
ing only equal to two and a half tima
hor own length.
Head Waiters ...
That lustrous oiamplo of the ut
most fun-making possibilities of tho
Btago yclept, "Tho Head Waltors,"
will bo Boon at tho Grand Opora
House tonight, rojuvonatod and now
In ovorythlng but namo. This piece,
whoso popularity and whose laugh
making powors seem to grow with tho
years, Is ono of tho most uproariously
funny ontertulnmonts of tho times.
Take your lomonndo unsweetened.
and your liver will reward you by
working with extra energy. Loavo bu
gar out of your diet, and. you will for-
got that you have any liver.
l WAS M j!
ASK tt A80UT THT.
Bach season's alterations Improvo it.
Tho ludicrous scheme of the mouoy
leas, but Hopeful Pipe Droamor aro
prolific of the most laughablo lndlo
donts posslblo to Imagine Tho spe
cialties aro oquolly attractive, and
this season they have tho merit of
novelty, as woll as that of Intrinsic
Interest. An unusually brllllart and
vorsntilo company will be headed by
Joo Kolly, and Includes Imnan & Vin
cent, Dolly DoVyne, Frana Hayford,
Elslo Harvey, Ploroo and Rosyln,
Chas. Burkhart, Eureka Comedy Four,
Bert Waluwrlght. Low Kolly and 26
Whorovor tho "Head Waltors" are
there tho bill of faro Is simply im
mense, Wiiorever tho have appeared
tho nowspapers havo only tho kindli
est words for thorn, alt saying thoy
aro tho fun-makers of tho season.
Don't overlook them tonight Curtain
The art of keeping the mouth shut
should be taught In every school
mb tan. 4p B saVaV a M
1111 IlllIllli flSJM i
I Thos. Nels
The strongest, most appealing, most
engaging short story that has come
from the hand of this undisputed
master of fiction is his contribution,
"The Christmas Peace"
Mr. Page is undoubtedly one of the
foremost short story writers of the day,
and this delightful Christmas talc, in
which he has woven the charm and
pathos of which he is master, will ap
peal to hundreds of thousands of
readers. This story, beautifully
illustrated with drawings by Blendon
Campbell, appears in the
MAGAZINE for January
"A Christmas Reverie"
by Bliss Carman
"Love Story of Mary, Queen
of Scots "
by Maurice Hewlett
"The Real Parsifal"
by James Huneker
of reading. Really a 3 5-ccnt
Magazine for 15 cents.
12 Short Stories
R. H. RUSSELL, PUBLISHER, 3 WEST 29TH ST., N. Y,
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