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About Medford mail tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 28, 1916)
Medford Mail Tribune
I'rolmliljr Hnow FrWy.
Max. Ml M1ii SO.
Dnlly -TontliYnt r
MEDFOltD QKEOOX, FRIDAY, .JANUARY 2H. 15)10
European Belligerents Asked by Gov
ernment to Make Agreement Squar
ing Submarine Warfare With Prin
ciples of Humanity and Interna
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. TIio
United States, in seeking nil European
belligerents to make n general agree
ment to H(itnro their submarine war
faro with tho principle?) of humanity
and intenintioniil law, has taken tlio
position that under changed condi
tionH of national warfare, merchant
whips should carry no armament
All the powers have been notified
tlint unless they subscribe to hiieh
principles armed merchantmen will
be denied entry to Amorioan portH ex
cept under the conditions which apply
Proposal rh Mndo
Such a proposal now in tho hands
of the belligerent goernments lias
been transmitted in n note which is
substantially us follews:
"It is assumed tliat all of tho gov
crnmentH addressed arc equally de
sirous of protecting their own sub
jects and citizens who nre noncom
bntants from the hazards of uubmu
"Ilcnlizing tho appalling loss of lifo
of noneombntants which results from
the destruction of n merchant vessel
without removing passengers and
crows to places of safety, which is
held to bo violative &f the principles
of humanity and international law,
the United tSntos at the same time
does not feel that a belligerent
should bo deprived of the right to
use subinnnnos 111 view of tho use
fulnoss which thoy huvu developed.
Tho introduction of tho submarine
into naval warfare lias changed all of
this. This craft is iihnost without
owors of defense boyond the ability
to submorgo to escape an enemy. A
gun, even of light oulibor, on a mer
chant ship successfully ootdd defend
licrMdf against n submarine. There
are now no pirates and tho prnctioo
of privateering bus been abandoned
by civilized nations by gonoral agree
No Ilonsoii for fiinis
'Tlioreforo thoro can now be no
reason for the maintenance of even
smull-oulibor guns on morehnnt ships
unloss it is designed to mnko them su
perior to submarine and thcroby de
prive that class of warship of their
undoubted right with sufojv to warn
and search Hiioh mnrchuntmoii. In
reality, tlioreforo, any such nrmu
meiit of n merchant ve-xel now might
be regarded as offensive- annanient.
"If submarine should ho required
to stop mid soarch merchant vessels
before attacking them and to romoie
tho passengers und crews to plti'iis
of safety, it is not fair that tho sub
marines should bo compelled to ex
poso themselves to destruction at tlio
hands of moroliuntmun.
"Therefore, by n general agroomont
among tho belligerents subtunrues
should bo required to ndhoro strictly
to tho present provisions of interna
tional law to stop and search mer
chant ships to uncertain their belhg
rrent character and to remove tho
(Contiunod on Page 0.)
II'ARIS. Jan. 28 A dispatch to
the Matin says that French btuejack
ot have occupied the small town of
Autlphllo, on the coast of Asia Minor,
opposlto Castolorlio. A Havas dis
patch from Halonlkl sys tho French
marines landed from a wanihlp whloh
was 8Hported by two armed trawlers
and teok prisesers the local garriifln
MMlatlMg 8f k eapuln and SS men.
They destroyed tbe telesjrapii wire.
seised a number f docuweaU and
BmHtMl Oreek faMtlles wk bad
been driven awa to return to their
IN 111 TO BATE
Casualties In Flanders and France
400,510, in Dardanelles 117,549, at
Other Fronts 31,408 Winter's In
activity Reflected In Smal! Losses
Durinn Past Few Weeks.
LONDON, Jan. '28. Premier As
quitli, in ft writjen reply to a request
for information, says that tho total
Uritish casualties in all fields of jp
irntion up to Jamuiiv 0 were ii 10,
407, of which 24,121: wcro officers
nud 523,315 of otlnr ranks. Tho
casualties were distributed as fol fel fol
eows: Mumlcra nml Franco
Officers, killed 5138, wounded 10,
217, missing 1601; other ranks, killed
82,130, wounded 248,000, missing
'2,314. Total officers and men,
Officors, killed 1745, wounded
3143, missing 353; other ranks, killed
20,455, wounded 74,052, missing 10,
001. Total officers and men, 11,.
Officers, killed 013, wounded 811,
missing 101; other ranks, killed 11,-
752; wounded 15,1(15, missing 2050.
Totnl officers and men, 31,408.
Ornnd totnl, 540,407.
Tho winter's inactivity on the fight
ing line-is reflected in tho compara
tively small losses of the Uritish dur
ing the Inst few weeks. Tho prev
ious official Uritish report, made by
Premier Asquith, December 24, gave
casualties up to December 0 at 528,
227, showing a loss in tho intervening
month of 21,240, or 085 dnily.
AT MOW T.
PROVIDBNCK. It. I , Jan. 28. At
tho resumption today of tho trial of
Mrs. Elizabeth Mohr and two nogroos,
Cecil IJrown nnd llnnry Spollman,
'charged with tho murder of Dr. C.
Franklin Mobr, Attorney Gonoral
lUco renowed cross examination of
'Mrs. Mohr. Sho admitted alio know
Chief of Police Crowley of Newport
and had ontcrtalnod htm at bor home.
Tho alleged confession of tho ne
gro co-cdefondants, said Mrs. Mohr
told thorn she "stood in' with tho
Tho wltnoM said tho "first sorloiiR
qunrrol with tho doctor," occurred In
t'obruary, 1909. It started, sho said,
when ho bogan taking drugs and boat
Tho attorney gonoral tried to bring
'out that tho marriage coromony at
Lynn, Mass., waserformed for tho
-purposo of permitting Mrs. Mohr to
bo ablo to testify as tho wifu of tho
doctor In a lawsuit against an Insur-
tinro company, but this tho witness
"Didn't you take Dr. Mohr to Lynn
to bo marrlod while ho was under
tho tnfluonco of liquor?"
"I did not."
FOR WAR CRAZE
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Jau. 28. "If
ono. tenth of tho cost of tho Euro
pean wur hnd boon put into woll-di-rooted
publioity an advertising to
toach the people of tho world that
.thoy wero brother citizen of the
world, the war nover would Imvo
Vomo," declared J. H. Powell, in
structor in advertising at tho Uni
versity of Missouri, addressing the
anuual eonvention of the Southwes
ft'i'n Lumttijpnen' asooitiou today.
Mr.eil'owell maiutsuted the daily
newspaper was the srsaUst advor-
lisiuy medium and urged tbe lumber
men to begin patromJttff tbe adver
tiking department of their home pa
BRANDIES APPOINTED TO SUPREME
Louis D. Blandlcs, Famous as Anti
Trust Lawyer and Statistician,
Named as Supreme Court Justice
by President Wilson Up to Sen
ate for Confirmation.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. Presi
dent Wilson selected Louis D. Hrnn
dcis of Iioston to be associate justice
of the supremo court to succeed the
late Justico Lnmnr.
Mr. Hrandcis' nomination went to
the sennto today. It was a surpriso
everywhere in official circles. Mr.
Drandeis had not oven been mention
ed publicly for tho vacancy.
Is National Figure
Mr. Drandeis is a lawyer who ban
been much in public life during recent
venis, not only in legal work but in
various movements for social belter'
raent. Ho is a Kenluckian by birth
and is 50 years old. Ho was born and
educated in Louisville nnd later at
Harvard university and in 1878 bo
gan practicing law in Hoston.
Ho enmo most, notably before tho
public as a national figure six years
ago through his participation in tlio
celebrated Dallingcr-Pinchot investi
gntion in congress in which ho was
oounscl for tho forces which were op.
posed to Secretary Dallinger nnd
sought his removal from office. Later
ho was Counsel for tho shippers who
opposed tho general increases in
freight rates before tho intcrstato
commerce commission, und during tho
same period he was nt the forefront
of those who wero demanding nn in
vestigation of tlio fiunncinl affairs of
tlio New 'Haven railroad.
An Industrial Authority
Ho appeared as counsel for those
who fought for tho validity of work-
ingmen's hours of labor laws in Or
egon, Illinois nud Ohio. Ho was in
1010 chairman of tho board of arbi
tration which settled tho Now Yoik
garment-makers' strike. He has
written largely and is regarded us nn
nutbority on public franchises, lifo
insurance, wage-cantors' insurance,
scientific management, labor prob
lems and tho trust question. Ho also
has hern nt tho forefront of tho
Zionist movement in the
States and will be tho first Jew to sit wiro nnsworod by our artillery which
on the bench of tho supreme court. bombarded tho city of Itlielius.
At tho beginning of Prosidout Wil- "Noar Hill S35, northoast of Ia
son's ndministration Mr. Drandeis chalade, our trooiw, aftor an onBago
was expected to get a place in tholmont occupied tho crntor formod by
onbiuot. tlio oxnloslon of a mlno by tho enemy.
HALKIOH, N. C, Jan. 28. War
den Sale of' tho North fnrolinu j)cni
tontinry here, died of apoplexy today
after he had superintended tho elec
trocution of two negroes. Tho war-
den appeared agitated as he unstrap-
tutjl tUt liriiliisu nt tint tiiMrniHi I rftm
tho oloctrio chair und shortly after-
warns uooamo uuoansoious,
''SBISBISBISBIBSBKfsKu LaSSBBI t Col J5. '(7 4 " T
ekel day coucK of tho Oiat .VoHlieBi tuilii, Ijlng at tJiw nlgo
tho loO.f.Hit hiojio by nn uvubiiiQliu of snow locyjitly ntxie (Anew
that ncurly nil of5ho elnlit iHirMiiis vho died inut the'i' duoiu. A
truck for tho ipscuo patty,'
t MBBSBBBBSSnBKNt 3nnnnn ' ijE
l-KtNUH t UK o
11MIH.IM Tin n Tl, . .itttna I
nado public tho following report to-
"Wostorn front. In the soctor of
Nouvlllo nttaokg with linuil Krenndos
inndo by tho French woto rtiulsd
nvlth honvy lonsos for tho onomy. Ono
of tho orator made by a mine which
wo exploded romalned lu tho hnucU
of tho onomy.
"Tho booty takon January -(! has
been Inoroasod by four maohlno buui
and two bomb-throwing machine.
"Konoo'tod bombardmonU by the
Fronch of vIlbiReg bohlnd our front
"No doflnlte reports concerning
tho nocturnal narlal attack by the
onomy on the harbor and town of
Frloburg ro vet at hand.
Hastorn frent: On both sldoa of tho
rvor souui or ijvi.sk nnu .eiW
Uln.l..wl nsul Qtvf ttiurii u'iirii lil I tint
aiui,lu,i mm ij "','" '
engagements In which wo captured
nrluinam nnil material."
' prisoners and materials.'
OF THE GREAT NORTHERN TRAIN
I - -J
PA It 18, Jan 28. -Fresh antt-(!or
in n u demonstrations took plnco last
night at Latissane, a Swiss city on
the north shore of Lnko (ionova. To
wnrd mldulKlit tlio groat crowds
'which surajed through tho stroots
Vera dispersed but at tlio railway
station n small gioup of porsons sur
rounding; a Herman fins; was attack
ed with eanos, stones und fists. Tho
police woro forcod to use their swords
before thoy could rescue tho in on nt
tackod. This information wns contnlnod In
a dispatch from (lonevn. Karller In
tho day an angry crowd had torn
down a Herman (lug hoisted In honor
of ISmporor William's hlrthdny. In
the ovouIiik grettt crowds chokod tho
street lu which the Owrnuin consul
aba Is situatiHl but they woro hold
'back fiom the consulate by police,
.Tho crowds hissed and hootod
against Claim ny and sans; thq "Mnr-
As a result of the encounter be
tween the police and domonstranta nt
the railway station one man was s
Verely Injured and taken to the hos
(if tlio Ismui' tiueK ufltir huliitt ai-
tta(luii, WiisUlugtun. It H' '"
uttaiy miuii plow lms Jiut cltaivd
fe ' GREAT STORM
Llfiht Rains and Moderate Winds Pre
dicted Storm Signals Alonn Coast
Blizzard Over Arizona Losses
to Oil Fields Total a Million-
Many Structures Blown Down.
SAN FHANCISCO, Jan. 28. Light
rains and moderate winds were pre
dicted for todny over most of storm
ravaged Culifomia following tlio
abatement of tho tempestuous
weather for twenty-four hours, which
caused tho probable death of niuo
ncrsoiiM, interruption of traffic, flood
ing of town nnd country and mndo
hundreds of fnjpilies homeless.
Unsettled conditions wero forecast
for tho day by tho weather bureau,
hut it was said that the storm wns
over. Suusbino greeted Los Angeles
and the .Sacramento valley today.
llllznuM In Arizona
Storm sigtls wero displayed all
along the coast. Northern Arizonu
reported a blizzard and telegraph and
telephone communication between
points in southern California was in
terrupted. Central California ap
peared to have recovered from tho
Shipping kept in port yesterday
und lust iiivjit. Tho gaihago steamer
Aberdeen was lost during tlio night
somewhere off tho Golden Onto in u
gale that blew O.'i miles an hour.
F.ight men wore on the Aberdeen.
Another storm death was that of
F. .). Hosse, who was crushed to death
in an overturned cookhouse in which
he sought rei'uRO near Tipton.
Imiimgo In Oil Field
Incomplete reports from tho Kern
county il fields Indicuto that tho
wind storm of yestorduy afternoon
and last night did far moro damage
than tho slorm of two weeks ago. It
is expected that tho losses to tho oil
rigs which wore blown down will bring
the total to more than f 1500,000. This
will menu a property loss of nearly
.f 1,000,000 in derricks alone.
Tho town of Follows sulToicd houv
ily from tho storm. Manv of its
buildings woro blown down. Tlio Star
theater, ono of tho largest structures
in the North Midway district, was
almost demolished. At Tuft tlio
damage was nearly as great. Many
roofs were torn off. Two garages
were lifted from their l'oiindutiuus
und earned Mncnil hundred feet.
NICW YOItK, Jan as Numerous
Herman submarines haw huon sight
ed In the war zone around tho Uritish
inloa during the last few wooks, ac
cording to passengers who arrived to
day on tho stoamshlp California from
Liverpool and (ilssuow. Tho sailing
of tho stoamur was dolayod ono day
owing- to tho presoiioo. of tho V boats
and tho California was escorted by
torpedo boat doetroyors until safe
outside tho wur zono.
Tliv Kitssltuis are "Making up" In
evory way, according to Dr. Fred
erick W. Unstmun, a passenger on tho
California, who has boon acting as a
Ited Cross surgeon lu Jtussla and
Sorbin fur moro Ihiui a yo.ir.
' "Heretofore, tho Russians liavo
fought solely us a duly." said Ur.
Kastmnn, "but thoy aro now strongly
antagonistic to tho Germans und Aus.
t linns and ure entering tho war with
CHIEF AI TORREON
TOHHKON. Mi... Jan !!R.fIii.
oral Francisco Goiuulcs was named
today as chief of arm-, ot Torreou,
succeeding General Talawanto, who
lms gone Ui Sonora to bououie gov
ernor of that state. Tulawante will
Stun St Olltll'Htalii tn I'linl'iir with
tleuerul I'umuisa. Gustavo Uspinosa
Mimle. lbs nut uni-arum nt f'.iui.
.buiJu, respited here from KaltilliMJd,
w nviouuiMi uy vieiiwai JaeiniO
Treiiuo, oomHiuuder in chief, and u
lumber of pxouiiuent vitixens.
G. 0. P. LEADER
Congressman Mann Rebukes Texas
Representative for Assault Up&n
Administration's Program of Pre
parednessPatriotism Above Party
President Knows Situation.
WASHINGTON, Jim. 28. Hcpub
licun Lender Mium came to the dc
tfonso of President Wilson in tho
liouso today when Iicp'rcscntntivo
Dies of Texas, lender of tho nnti
prcpnrcdncss democrats, nttacked tho
President's speech recently mndo in
jNew York on preparedness. Mr.
Mann rebuked Air. Dies for mnkim
nny rcmnrks on the resident's view
and declared that his only defense
for chunging Ids position on prcpnr
'cduess was that ho believed ho was
"With tho possibility of danger
which prevails," Mr. Mann declared,
"wo will meet tho situation. Wo will
riso to our responsibilities nnd put
this nation in u position whoro it can
protect itself against nny foreign
Tempestuous applause broke frpm
all sides of tho chamber.
" do know that the situntiou has
"I do not believe in n great stand
ing finny nor tho permanent neces
sity of n great navy, but I do bo-
ltct'o that a great country liko ours
Unit refuses to consider a situation
today because of its beliefs in tho
past hasn't tho real right to rcmnin
nt peace, and will not bo ablo to do
"The president ought to know mora
about this situation than any member
of this house, and now.thnt ho Is go
ing about tho country to stnto his
base, it would bo moro becoming (o
members of bis own party to await
his statement at least, before attack
PAIIIR, Jan 28 A dispatch from
Milan says that sovoral sections ot
tho army of Ocnoral Kocvoss, having
met no roslstnneo at Bau Giovanni dl
Modln nnd Alllsslo uro now unrob
ing on Durazzo, aoeordlng to tho
Athons corrospondont of tho Socolo.
Their advance Kuardu wero reported
Wednesday noar Krola and It is said
that fJeuoral Kouvusa tried to enlist
Albanian volunteors and when thoy
rotusod to Join ho offered to buy their
arms, thus hoping to disarm tho pop
ulation and protect hlmsolf against
attack. Fow, however, consented to
part with tholr weapons.
Hulvarlaus In southern Albania
are said to bo marching from Qorat
to Join columns from Lnko Ochrlda.
Tho Greeks, It Is added, havo sent re.
Inforcemonts to Korltau and Argyro
Castro, und uiiouslnoes Is oppressed
In military circle, which aro dis
trustful regarding tho liulgurlan
COLD TIES UP
GKKAT FALLS, Mont., Jan. 28.
The Groat Northern railroad is to
day sul'foriiir tho woit tio-up, duo.
to extreme cold, in its history, truing
from all diiectiuns beii.' .stalled Tu. H .
the vicinity of this oily. Tho bi1, '&
Mekes tunnel is rilling with ice lrom -tbe
water d Ipping from tho roof.
Its eloiing will cut off oommunicu
tiou with Uutto. Enginers aro frozen
up iu the roundhouses and all freight
out of the oily ha-, boon unnoellod.
The KalisMdl division is oomplcto
ly out of buxiuess and not n whuol is
turniug. A blizzard is raging nud
tetunerutuivH us low us Jl) below zoru
Tbi' t uul situation iu tiurUiQi
Moutuuu ta onou. If tho uold lustt
two mors da4 tho railroads will ba
unable to deliver uoul to relievo U19