Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Southern Oregon mail. (Medford, Or.) 1892-1893 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1892)
IS THE OFFICIAL PAP Ett OF
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE
AND PEOPLES PARTY OF
Do you study yoar btst lnier
csih ami patronize thU pacr. It
will be avpre?ia cd by a:i ibe tooct
farmers, Irm w jom yoa jet tnwie.
A Paper Of, By and For the People! ...
VOL. IV. - . MEDFORD: OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5, 1892. NO. 31.
SOCIETIES OF MEDFORD.
K. of P. Talisman lodge No. SI, meets M in
day evening at 9 p. m. Visiting brothers al
ways welcome. M. W. Skbel, C. C.
J. A. Whitman. K. of K. & S.
A. O. V. W. Lodge No. 98, meet every sec
ond and fourth Tuesday in the month at 8 p. m.
In their hall in the opera block. Visiting
orothers invited to attend.
a. A. WarrssiDB, W. M.
G. F. Merrimas, Recorder.
I- O. O. F. Lodge No. S3, meets in I. O. O. F.
hall every S iturd&y at at & p. m. Visiting
brothers always Welcome.
D. S. YOUNOS. N. Q.
A C Nicholson. Rec Sec.
I. O. O. F. Rogue River Encampment. Lodge
No. 30. meets in I. O. O. F. hall the second and
fourth Wednesdays of ear h month at 8 p.m.
W. I. Vawtkk, C. P.
B. &. Wans, Scribe.
Olive Rebekah Lod-e No. 8S, meets in L O.
O. F. hall first and third Tuesdays of each
month. Visiting sisters invited to attend.
Mrs. D. S. Vocngs, N.Q.
A. C Nicholson. Seo.
A. F. & A. M. Meets first Friday nn or be
fore full moon at p. m.. in A. O. U. W. hall.
N. L. Narkegas, W. M.
J. S. Howard, Seo.
O. A. R. Chester A. Arthur Post No. 47.
meets in j. A. R. hall every second and fourth
Thursdays in each month at 7:30 p. M.
6. C Noble. Com.
J. H. Faris. Adjt.
Learned Wen Discnss the Great Ques
tion of the Hour.
THE FEOPLX'3 CHURCH.
Senator Pcffer and John Davie, of
Kansas, in tho Pulpit at
Washington, D. C.
F. A. A I. TJ. L. L. Polk lodge No. i& meels
every Tuesday at 8 p. m.
- O. S. Briggs, Pres.
Gpworth Lea rue meeVJ each Monday even
ing at S-..TO. D. T. Lawton. president. Julia
Tonus People's LiVtrary meets Friday even
ing of each week, under the auspices of the
E? north League.
W. C. T. U. Meets at Christian church every
Monday evening at 7 p. m.
Mks. a. a. Kellogg, Pres.
Mrs. E. P. Euoiosid, See'y.
T. M. C. A. Meets every Sunday at 3 p m.
at M. E. cnurch. W. S. Hallv, Pres.
M. E. Right, See.
Secretaries of above lodges will please attend
to corrections. Any society wishing to have a
. place in this directory will please hand in nec
CHURCHES OF BEDFORD.
Methodist Episcopal Church E. E. Tbomp
so a. pastor. Services thit second and fourth
Sibbilhi; moraine. II a. m.. evening. 70 p. m
prayer meeting at S p. m. Thursday. Sunday
school each Sunday as 10 a. m. A. E. Johnson,
Christian Church P. R. Burnett, pastor.
Preaching first and third Aundys in month,
morain- and evening. Worship every Sunday
morning. Sunday school at 10 a.m. Prayer
saeeting every Thursday evening. .
Presbyterian Cnurcn F. J. Edmunds, pas
tor. Prezching at II a. m. and 7 :'J0 p. ra. Sun
day school at H) a. m. T. P. S. C E., 6:15 p. n.
Baptist Cnurch is at present without a pas
tor. Prayer meeting every Wednesday even
ing. Sunday school at 10 a. m Further notice
given as soon as pastor is secured.
The ikistors of the different churches are re
quested to attend to corrections.
Oh, sometimes gleams upon our sight,
Through pressnt wrong, the eWrnsl
And slep by step since time bfgan,
We soe thi. steady gain of man.
5o sang a large congregation
which assembled in the jihice of
worship of the People's church.
The large hall was well tilled, it
having been' announced that the
'Homestead Tragedy" would be
i discussed by Senator Pcffer, Rtpre-
seniauve uavis, ot nausas, ana uy
the pastor, Rev. Alex. Kent.
The singing of the 'Quaker
Poet's" beautiful words was fol
lowed by an earnest prayer by the
In introducing the orators of the
occasion. Mr. Kent said:-
'"I need not apologize to the con
gregation for bringing forward
speakers upon whom ordaining
hands have not been laid. The
best and truest ordination was a
life consecrated to the service of hu
manity. If the church had any
mission urxin earth it was to aid in
effecting a righteous adjustment of
human relations, and m no other
case were these so sadly di.-jointed j
as between capital and labor. '
SENATOR PEFFElt's ADDRESS.
The senator was warmly ap
plauded as he ascended the plat
form, and his remarks were made
with an earnestness which had no
inconsiderable etTet upon his
hearers. lie prefaced his remarks
with the reileetion that there had
been for a long time, and was now,
a deep repugnance in the minds of
the people of tnis country to a
union of church and state- It
sprang from the love of the Ann'o
Saxou f r general liberty and for
the liberty of the church. Rut if
there was any good in the Chris
tian religion there would be no
harm to mingle it in public affairs.
plied, better loss of money than
loss of men. Therefore, he claimed
that men, not even the great man
ufacturer, had the right to run his
business to crush out the rights of
laboring man or the rights of any
other man. If the owner of Home
stead should say : 'My money fur
nished the impetus of those works,'
his workmen should ask: 'Did
you earn that money?' The an
swer would be: 'No, no.'
XO MAN EVER EARNED $1,000,000.
'"The workmen employed by the
owner of Homestead had the right
to say: 'Our labor built these
works. Now, you say our wages
must be reduced. We say no.
There is a bond between us which
gives us the right to say we are en
titled to a share of what you receive
from our labors. You say you have
the right to control your property.
So have we, and our labor is our
property. We will submit to no
outside interference until we are
compelled to, and that matter must
be decided upon by the whole coun
"If the workingmcn should be
asked, 'Do yo.i propo-e to destroy
Mr. Carnegie's property and divide
it up between yourselves? the an
swer should be. "No, no. You
know that v e do not so intend.
What we mean is this: 'The laborer
is worthy of his hire.' "
In conclusion Senator Peffer said
that it was the duty of the govern
ment to protect the labor against
capital and against all other
wrongs. "And," he said a long
as I have the power and oppor
tunity, I shall do all I can, cost
what it ma v."
Good Kradinrr from a Well
Kaep the Good Word Alive Two
REPRESENTATIVE DAVIS, OF KANSAS,
After the hymn "Ashamed of
Jesus" had been sung the pastor
introduced Representative Davis,
of Kansas, who said that he was
glad there waa in this city at
least one pulpit where the truth
was we!con;ed. Men. he said,
never think about their rights as
long as they are suflVrablc. The
Americans are the most patien.
and I est-natured people m the
face of the globe, and only Ameri
cans would have stood their wrongs
for so long a time. He explained
th-.t he had not time to elaborately
discuss the labor question, and
would, therefore, merely subject
Editor Southern Oregon Mail:
It is useless to ask a man to vote
the '"People's Party" ticket until
you can convince him that there
is or (ought to be) something in
politics besides the spoils of office.
True, not much blame can attach
to our younger men for such an
idea, for such has been the kernel
of political thought and action for
twenty-five years, (pardon for call
ing this polities, but it goes by
that name,) for principles are
ideas, such as the masses could
understand and apply has not
been advocated. When on Mason
and Dixon line hung a bloody
shirt at every clothes pin, the peo
ple ce-uld understand the pur
ported difference Wtween the prin
ciples f two old parties, but since
the bloody shirt h:is been by the
rank and file of both parties
buried out of sight, (and -only re
surrected by some "political hack."
as a possible path to office.) No
issue has arisen between the oid
parties of sufficient merit to com
mand the interest and attention of
the people. True the tariff idea
has been trotted out before the peo
ple every four years groomed and
curried down for the people's in
spection. Cut it is safe -to sav
that not one person in 500 either
knows or cares anything alout.it.
nor do the majority of the pro
fessed leaders in either of the old
parlies care half as much about it
as they do the office, and perhaps
know less. The McKinley and
Mills bills aro but twins of the
same mother, nor can anv man
The Homestead traced v was but i sav iust wher-s the practical dif-
an incident. The question was an ference lies between the bills.
old one : Man vs. money ! Jeflt-r-
Fon founded a pnrty which said
property should he held above
money, but his party appears to
now hold an opposite opinion. The
Physician and Surgeon
' Medford, Oregon.
Office: Rooms 2 & 3. I O.OF. Bldg
J B. WAIT,
Physician and Surgeon.
- Medford. Oregon.
Office: In Childers Block.
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: Cor. C and 7th sts.
Physician and bURGEON.
-: - Medford. Oregon.
Office: Hamlin block, up stairs.
R. O. F. DEMOREST,
Makes - a - specialty of first-class
work at reasonable rates.
Office in opera house, Medford.Or
in some 01 me newspapers me ! republican party lias also fallen
occurrences of last week at Home-j from grace, but the party to which
stead hav been referred to as the : he bclonj-ed, while believing in the
Ilomesteaa riots. No, no," ex- dollar, alwavs favored the people
claimed the senator, "they were ! in a conflict between them and the
OBT. A. MILLER-
Att'y and Gjskuxr-at-i.a-a
Will practice in all courts of the
? ., .; -. State. .
Abstractor and Attorney-
; : ; At-Law. s. '.
Office in bank building. Have the j
most -complete - and reliable " ab
stracts of title in Jackson county
Attorney and Counsellor--At
Office: In Opera block.
AUSTIN S. HAMMOND,
Office: J.Q.O.F. Building,
not. What was done there by the
laboring man was only the asser
tion of human rights. The righ s
of labor,", he. said, "included the
rights of labor organized. If capi
tal has the right to exist (and it
has), so has labor those rights.
Ajid when hired assassins hard
words, but projier ones sought to
operate organized labor they did it
at their own terii.
THE WORSrGMAX -MC5T BE RE
SPECTED. "The workingmati and the work
ing woman must be respected,"
continued the; senator. ''When you
and I, my friends, were boys and
girls, north and south, east - and
west, there were little mechanical
establishments scattered here and
there. Every one of the mechan
ics who presided over or worked in
those little shops owned his. little
home, and they were happy and
contented. But in course of time
the great manufacturer eame along,
and now where once stood the little
shops stand gigantic workshops
and manufactories, employing thou
sands of men in a single one.
''Instead of being scattered a mong
the people, as in the years passed,
the working people are now massed
to themselves. They have become
organized, as has capital. And
thus it was that thousands of or
ganized workmen are : found at
Homestead to-day. But where is
the owner of Homestead? Not
where he should be, at home ; but
4.000 miles away out of sight of
the wretchedness of his working
men, the men who made him
where only the telegraphic message
of his partner can ' reach him, and
that message as coM and pitiless
as the electric current itself. And
yet we are told these men should
not organize for their own protec
tion.- . ' '
'All men," continued the speaker.
"had the right to run their business
to suit themselves, provided it was
a legimate and lawful business,
It had been contented that penplt
had the right to run any business
they saw fit, but out in this State
they had said differently, and the
people of that State had maintained!
what they said. He had reier
ehcu to the liquor business. The
liquor men bed said the enforce
ment would cause them great
financial lose, and the people ro-
The capitalist said to the laborer,
"We won't deal with you if you or
ganize." The laborer replies. "If
you do not we will not." The cap
italist says. "You deliberate in se
cret." The laborer replies. "We
will not do so if vou will not."
Labor was not organized for fun,
for foolishness; not to oppress any
body, but to protect it elf. It had
remedy, the ballot, which no
other people had, and this little
tragedy would be the means of
waking the people up.
A SOLUTION OF THE TBOt BLE.
A solution of these troubles would
be, he thought:
First. Restore the. money, that
labor and property may have a
price and a debt pacing power.
second. Ucstor the lands and
mines and all the resources of na
ture, which the Great father has
created for all his children alike.
Tnird. Restore the railroads and
telegraphs and all the creations of
society, that sociely may benefit by
Fourth. Abolish those class laws
which tax and rob the manv for
If these steps are taken the causes
of human distress will be mostly
removed. There will be fewer mil
lionaires and greater wealth among
the millions. Men will employ
themselves more and work for
others less. Large industrial and
business enternrises xrtll be carried
. - 1
on more nv co-opera-ion ana less
by competition. The education,
purification and elevation of soci
ety will be less difficult, and intel
ligence, sobriety and virtue will De
It would not do to put off the
fight. The sentiment of the old
revolutionary patriot should be ob
served: '."If the fight must come,
let it cohiri nv, that my children
may have peace." National Economist.
(they ought not have been loth
named 'bills," then we might
have had a - difference at least,)
nor can any man say just how ex
tensive is the diflerence what
might be true of either "bill" in
any given year; also the beneficial
results or otherwise, all depends
upon the amount of the article con
sumed in a given year and whether
said article bo a necessity or a
luxury. This rear we eat a large
amount of sugar because it is
cheap. Next year under a pro
tective tariff it doubles in price.
We use niueh less, and for it a
substitute because the substitute is
cheaper. Now seeing we use a
substitute because it is cheap;
Shylock proccdes to revenue it
(rai?e the price) then we use less
si.d jierhaps more sugar again.
Thus all calculations upon the
benefits or even the results of the
tariff system must ever be
misleading, ' for the poor man
hi . ,. 1 : r :
is compeiieu 10 una, 11 possi
ble, substitutes for high priced food
and to economize is the greatest
study of the poor of our land. And
this to m an unmitigated evil, lor
as the people economize the rich
take advantage of his economic
system and cut his wages accord
ingly. When will this end? When
I speak of the common people
I do not mean the drunkard or
the shiftless or vagrant (though
they are too common,) but of the
industrious laboring man. Hence,
no difference is appreciable in the
old parties, except ono ears:
"Whoreas I am in office. The
other one resolves that, "I will get
there." So let us keep our educa
tional work going until we. the peo
ple, shall learn that the science of
applied self movement is some
thing besides being in office, and
when that something shall be
understood and applied labor
strikes will be a thing of the past
and only remembered as way
marks to a higher civilization.
should receive present benefit, d'
rectly, and all other classes indi
rectly, and unless it bo advisable
for the few to hold all the land and
wealth of the country, these classes
must be helped, and that right
soon. Not through gifts of money
legislated direct into their hands
(as some smarty claims we de
mand), albeit thirteen bills have
been so legislated into the pockets
of a class by our wise and munifi
cent government, but by just legis
lation, not discriminating against
the laborer, his products or busi
ness, nor in favor of the few. The
golden age of all nations of whom
history gives us an account, was
when the masses owned their homes
and the wealth was distributed
among the many, and the decline
and fall of nations, has been when
the reverse of the above was true.
Is the downfall of our republic de
sirable? To a few, perhaps it is ;
to the masses it cannot be. for with
its expiring groans would expire
within their breasts every hope of
earthly bliss. Would the very
rich be happier under an aristo
cratic government or a limited
monarchy? Certainly not, for
then (else all history is at fault)
their vast wealth would, in even
slight changes in the administra
tive regime, be subject to its cap
rice, for one man would be in favor
at court today and another tomor
row, while confiscation, power,
prestige, vassalage and human life
itself would become the pieces, so to
sjak, to be played with by pluto
cratic kings upon their government
chess boards. Nor would kings
themselves feel sure of the continu
ance of those blissful hours which
is ho cd for and sometimes enjoyed;
for if uncertainty ruled in the
courts ol Kings. 1.1 all things per
taining to the same, as has ever
been the case in all time in the gov
ernment of ignorant hordes, how
much more so would it be uncer
tain when endeavoring to ruic as
great or greater intelligence than is
possessed by the rulers t'-emsclvcs.
Is not then, all things considered, a
republican form of government far
above all other forms the most de
sirable? And yet the rich of our
land seem determined to force upon 1
us if posnole, euher wilfully or ig
norantly, that form of government
which must in the end prove their
own as well as others' ruin, and
gold finds willii g hands among our
hithcrtu trusted servants in high
places, to force the issue, and how
anxious they seem for its speedy
consummation, ore only needs to
read the doings of our recent con
gress to be fully convinced. To;
thwart these impending evils and to
maintain our republican form of
government against its insiduous
foe capital in the hands of idiots
and knaves, the P. P. has hoisted
its flag, and we are here to stay.
Let no scringing sycophants bow at
our altars, but men loyal to every
virtue, true to every purpose, scorn
ing every intrigue, and high over
all let justice to all be our motto,
and in God be ourtrnst, then con
quer wo must. Ira Wakefield.
Davis & Pottenger,
-o Dealers In o-
Our are, Ma & WBtowwara.
GOOD GOODS AND LOW PRICES.
OIVE TJS A. TRIAL
Free Delivery to Any Part of the City.
FIRST DOOR "NT EST OF POSTOFFICE.
BROPHY & MATHE3,
a DEALERS IJf O
FRESH AND CORED MEATS.
BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND VEAL
Constantly on hand. Sausages a Specialty.
MEDFORD. : : : : OREGON,
JAMES A. SLOYER I It
PURE DRUGS AT POPULAR PRIDES.
Chamois, Sponges and 2 Full line of Tsiist Preparations.
PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMrOUXDED DAY AXD XIGHT.
All ord3rs answered wi-.h ccra &vi d:sya'.ch. Out etoe'e of Medioises
is complete, warranted ttiiO ot the b.st quaii'.r.
ADMINS & WE
SHELF ANO HEAVY HARWARE.
Stoves, Tin and Willow Ware.
Cycone and Hoosier Pumps.
Duty of tlis Alllsno.
If the Fanners' Alliance is merely to
discuss tho question as to how they shall
increase th productions cf Uio farm
aiid let the other fellows run the poli
tics tbey wight as well disband. Tho
fanners raise enough now, the Lord
knows; but it it the politicians and cor
porations who know what becomes of it.
The True Government.
Editor Southern Oregon Mll:
We are often asked, do you expect
to benefit the shiftless nnd improvi
dent of our country? We answer
not now. There is but one remedy
for them: A thorough reformation
of life nnd character through the
atoneuient of Jesus Christ.
Now we ask. is there, no other
class of our people to be benefitted?
The bone and sinew of our country,
the men on whom wo most rely.
They that tower above all others
is the yeomanry of our republic, the
freeholders anil tillers of the soil,
the mechanic, the miner and the
roerchmt, These are the ones who
A Flood In Dry Cnleh.
The northwestern states have de
serted and repudiated tho nepublic.v
party. The south is preparing to repu
diute and desert tho Democratic party
Astute politicians will no longvr reason
that the south is going to remain stead
fast to the Democratic party iast he
cause it always has. when the people
have every reason for abandoning the
party. Nor will smart politicians longer
reason that tho northwest will continue
tc vote tho Republican ticket with the
very best of reason for voting against it,
simply because the south has voted the
Democrat ticket. Strango things hap
pen in politics.
Out in Colorado thera is a' dry gnlch
that had never been moutcned by a drop
of water accordipg to mountain tra
dition, but one day it rained and a flood
of cold water came down the gulch and
drowned several familicK who were
camping there. The politicians are cal
culating that tbey will bo uudisturbed
in tho dry gulch camp because they
never have yet been seriously disturbed,
but they are going to bo sadly disap
pointed.' This fall there is going k bo
flood of votes into new places, and be
fore the old party politicians' realize
what has happened to them they will be
irretrievably lost. North Dakota Inde
pendent. Whotcaata Robbery.
In a speech delivered in the senate
Jan. 13, 1S74, Senator Beck made Rse of
the following table and vouched for its
Up to 18C3 there had been sold the fol
lowing amounts of "bonds payable in
Bonds. Cost In rolU.
seu.ws.50O tM.mt 1,048
Sis iter cont sold.
ToUl $S.04t33U.niO $i.sra.24.tw
Net profit. SBT.452,
Premium on bonds boneut by
Borernuicnt about 00,000,000
Interest putil to date ou bonds...
C.-and total 8374.l,Tl
The annals of hisiory cannot produce
another similar example of wholesale
robbery under forms of law. This table
alone is enough to condemn both the
Every article bears a guarantee.
G. COOPER, Peop.,
Medford, - Oregon.
First-classBoari liy ilie Day, M or lonti
Centrally Located, West Side of the S. P. R. R. Depot.
TiflTm T1TIW VADHC1
G. W. PRIDDY, PROP.
149,000 Brick on Hand. First Class Quality- Lara and Small
Orders Promptly Filled.
Brick Wotk of All Kinds
. Executed W!ri Satisfaction. Give Pile a Gall.