SOIMM OREGON Ifllli -THE MAIL IS THE OFFICIAL PAP Ett OF THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE AND PEOPLES PARTY OF SOUTHERN OREGON. ADVERTISERS Do you study yoar btst lnier csih ami patronize thU pacr. It will be avpre?ia cd by a:i ibe tooct farmers, Irm w jom yoa jet tnwie. A Paper Of, By and For the People! ... VOL. IV. - . MEDFORD: OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5, 1892. NO. 31. SOCIETIES OF MEDFORD. K. of P. Talisman lodge No. SI, meets M in day evening at 9 p. m. Visiting brothers al ways welcome. M. W. Skbel, C. C. J. A. Whitman. K. of K. & S. A. O. V. W. Lodge No. 98, meet every sec ond and fourth Tuesday in the month at 8 p. m. In their hall in the opera block. Visiting orothers invited to attend. a. A. WarrssiDB, W. M. G. F. Merrimas, Recorder. I- O. O. F. Lodge No. S3, meets in I. O. O. F. hall every S iturd&y at at & p. m. Visiting brothers always Welcome. D. S. YOUNOS. N. Q. A C Nicholson. Rec Sec. I. O. O. F. Rogue River Encampment. Lodge No. 30. meets in I. O. O. F. hall the second and fourth Wednesdays of ear h month at 8 p.m. W. I. Vawtkk, C. P. B. &. Wans, Scribe. Olive Rebekah Lod-e No. 8S, meets in L O. O. F. hall first and third Tuesdays of each month. Visiting sisters invited to attend. Mrs. D. S. Vocngs, N.Q. A. C Nicholson. Seo. A. F. & A. M. Meets first Friday nn or be fore full moon at p. m.. in A. O. U. W. hall. N. L. Narkegas, W. M. J. S. Howard, Seo. O. A. R. Chester A. Arthur Post No. 47. meets in j. A. R. hall every second and fourth Thursdays in each month at 7:30 p. M. 6. C Noble. Com. J. H. Faris. Adjt. mm m i nuuunio Learned Wen Discnss the Great Ques tion of the Hour. THE FEOPLX'3 CHURCH. Senator Pcffer and John Davie, of Kansas, in tho Pulpit at Washington, D. C. F. A. A I. TJ. L. L. Polk lodge No. i& meels every Tuesday at 8 p. m. - O. S. Briggs, Pres. Gpworth Lea rue meeVJ each Monday even ing at S-..TO. D. T. Lawton. president. Julia Fulde, secretary Tonus People's LiVtrary meets Friday even ing of each week, under the auspices of the E? north League. W. C. T. U. Meets at Christian church every Monday evening at 7 p. m. Mks. a. a. Kellogg, Pres. Mrs. E. P. Euoiosid, See'y. T. M. C. A. Meets every Sunday at 3 p m. at M. E. cnurch. W. S. Hallv, Pres. M. E. Right, See. Secretaries of above lodges will please attend to corrections. Any society wishing to have a . place in this directory will please hand in nec essary dat CHURCHES OF BEDFORD. Methodist Episcopal Church E. E. Tbomp so a. pastor. Services thit second and fourth Sibbilhi; moraine. II a. m.. evening. 70 p. m prayer meeting at S p. m. Thursday. Sunday school each Sunday as 10 a. m. A. E. Johnson, superintendent. Christian Church P. R. Burnett, pastor. Preaching first and third Aundys in month, morain- and evening. Worship every Sunday morning. Sunday school at 10 a.m. Prayer saeeting every Thursday evening. . Presbyterian Cnurcn F. J. Edmunds, pas tor. Prezching at II a. m. and 7 :'J0 p. ra. Sun day school at H) a. m. T. P. S. C E., 6:15 p. n. Baptist Cnurch is at present without a pas tor. Prayer meeting every Wednesday even ing. Sunday school at 10 a. m Further notice given as soon as pastor is secured. The ikistors of the different churches are re quested to attend to corrections. FVPL-CS13S. Oh, sometimes gleams upon our sight, Through pressnt wrong, the eWrnsl right! And slep by step since time bfgan, We soe thi. steady gain of man. 5o sang a large congregation which assembled in the jihice of worship of the People's church. The large hall was well tilled, it having been' announced that the 'Homestead Tragedy" would be i discussed by Senator Pcffer, Rtpre- seniauve uavis, ot nausas, ana uy the pastor, Rev. Alex. Kent. The singing of the 'Quaker Poet's" beautiful words was fol lowed by an earnest prayer by the pastor. In introducing the orators of the occasion. Mr. Kent said:- '"I need not apologize to the con gregation for bringing forward speakers upon whom ordaining hands have not been laid. The best and truest ordination was a life consecrated to the service of hu manity. If the church had any mission urxin earth it was to aid in effecting a righteous adjustment of human relations, and m no other case were these so sadly di.-jointed j as between capital and labor. ' SENATOR PEFFElt's ADDRESS. The senator was warmly ap plauded as he ascended the plat form, and his remarks were made with an earnestness which had no inconsiderable etTet upon his hearers. lie prefaced his remarks with the reileetion that there had been for a long time, and was now, a deep repugnance in the minds of the people of tnis country to a union of church and state- It sprang from the love of the Ann'o Saxou f r general liberty and for the liberty of the church. Rut if there was any good in the Chris tian religion there would be no harm to mingle it in public affairs. plied, better loss of money than loss of men. Therefore, he claimed that men, not even the great man ufacturer, had the right to run his business to crush out the rights of laboring man or the rights of any other man. If the owner of Home stead should say : 'My money fur nished the impetus of those works,' his workmen should ask: 'Did you earn that money?' The an swer would be: 'No, no.' XO MAN EVER EARNED $1,000,000. '"The workmen employed by the owner of Homestead had the right to say: 'Our labor built these works. Now, you say our wages must be reduced. We say no. There is a bond between us which gives us the right to say we are en titled to a share of what you receive from our labors. You say you have the right to control your property. So have we, and our labor is our property. We will submit to no outside interference until we are compelled to, and that matter must be decided upon by the whole coun try." "If the workingmcn should be asked, 'Do yo.i propo-e to destroy Mr. Carnegie's property and divide it up between yourselves? the an swer should be. "No, no. You know that v e do not so intend. What we mean is this: 'The laborer is worthy of his hire.' " In conclusion Senator Peffer said that it was the duty of the govern ment to protect the labor against capital and against all other wrongs. "And," he said a long as I have the power and oppor tunity, I shall do all I can, cost what it ma v." STILL THEY IE ifore Good Kradinrr from a Well Known Pen. EDUCATE Y0TJBSELVES. Kaep the Good Word Alive Two Good Articles. REPRESENTATIVE DAVIS, OF KANSAS, TALKS. After the hymn "Ashamed of Jesus" had been sung the pastor introduced Representative Davis, of Kansas, who said that he was glad there waa in this city at least one pulpit where the truth was we!con;ed. Men. he said, never think about their rights as long as they are suflVrablc. The Americans are the most patien. and I est-natured people m the face of the globe, and only Ameri cans would have stood their wrongs for so long a time. He explained th-.t he had not time to elaborately discuss the labor question, and would, therefore, merely subject fjr thoUiht More Light. Editor Southern Oregon Mail: It is useless to ask a man to vote the '"People's Party" ticket until you can convince him that there is or (ought to be) something in politics besides the spoils of office. True, not much blame can attach to our younger men for such an idea, for such has been the kernel of political thought and action for twenty-five years, (pardon for call ing this polities, but it goes by that name,) for principles are ideas, such as the masses could understand and apply has not been advocated. When on Mason and Dixon line hung a bloody shirt at every clothes pin, the peo ple ce-uld understand the pur ported difference Wtween the prin ciples f two old parties, but since the bloody shirt h:is been by the rank and file of both parties buried out of sight, (and -only re surrected by some "political hack." as a possible path to office.) No issue has arisen between the oid parties of sufficient merit to com mand the interest and attention of the people. True the tariff idea has been trotted out before the peo ple every four years groomed and curried down for the people's in spection. Cut it is safe -to sav that not one person in 500 either knows or cares anything alout.it. nor do the majority of the pro fessed leaders in either of the old parlies care half as much about it as they do the office, and perhaps know less. The McKinley and Mills bills aro but twins of the same mother, nor can anv man The Homestead traced v was but i sav iust wher-s the practical dif- an incident. The question was an ference lies between the bills. old one : Man vs. money ! Jeflt-r- Fon founded a pnrty which said property should he held above money, but his party appears to now hold an opposite opinion. The E. B. PICKEL, Physician and Surgeon ' Medford, Oregon. Office: Rooms 2 & 3. I O.OF. Bldg J B. WAIT, Physician and Surgeon. - Medford. Oregon. Office: In Childers Block. E P. GEARY, Physician and Surgeon. Medford, Oregon. Office: Cor. C and 7th sts. I, S. JONES. Physician and bURGEON. -: - Medford. Oregon. Office: Hamlin block, up stairs. D R. O. F. DEMOREST, Resident Dentist. Makes - a - specialty of first-class work at reasonable rates. Office in opera house, Medford.Or in some 01 me newspapers me ! republican party lias also fallen occurrences of last week at Home-j from grace, but the party to which stead hav been referred to as the : he bclonj-ed, while believing in the Ilomesteaa riots. No, no," ex- dollar, alwavs favored the people claimed the senator, "they were ! in a conflict between them and the R OBT. A. MILLER- Att'y and Gjskuxr-at-i.a-a Jacksonville, Oregon. Will practice in all courts of the ? ., .; -. State. . U.Ai WHITMAN, Abstractor and Attorney- ; : ; At-Law. s. '. Medford .Oregon. Office in bank building. Have the j most -complete - and reliable " ab stracts of title in Jackson county WILLARD CRAWFORD. Attorney and Counsellor--At Lw. Medford, Oregon. Office: In Opera block. AUSTIN S. HAMMOND, Attorney-Ataw. Medford, Oregon. Office: J.Q.O.F. Building, not. What was done there by the laboring man was only the asser tion of human rights. The righ s of labor,", he. said, "included the rights of labor organized. If capi tal has the right to exist (and it has), so has labor those rights. Ajid when hired assassins hard words, but projier ones sought to operate organized labor they did it at their own terii. THE WORSrGMAX -MC5T BE RE SPECTED. "The workingmati and the work ing woman must be respected," continued the; senator. ''When you and I, my friends, were boys and girls, north and south, east - and west, there were little mechanical establishments scattered here and there. Every one of the mechan ics who presided over or worked in those little shops owned his. little home, and they were happy and contented. But in course of time the great manufacturer eame along, and now where once stood the little shops stand gigantic workshops and manufactories, employing thou sands of men in a single one. ''Instead of being scattered a mong the people, as in the years passed, the working people are now massed to themselves. They have become organized, as has capital. And thus it was that thousands of or ganized workmen are : found at Homestead to-day. But where is the owner of Homestead? Not where he should be, at home ; but 4.000 miles away out of sight of the wretchedness of his working men, the men who made him where only the telegraphic message of his partner can ' reach him, and that message as coM and pitiless as the electric current itself. And yet we are told these men should not organize for their own protec tion.- . ' ' 'All men," continued the speaker. "had the right to run their business to suit themselves, provided it was a legimate and lawful business, It had been contented that penplt had the right to run any business they saw fit, but out in this State they had said differently, and the people of that State had maintained! what they said. He had reier ehcu to the liquor business. The liquor men bed said the enforce ment would cause them great financial lose, and the people ro- dollar. The capitalist said to the laborer, "We won't deal with you if you or ganize." The laborer replies. "If you do not we will not." The cap italist says. "You deliberate in se cret." The laborer replies. "We will not do so if vou will not." Labor was not organized for fun, for foolishness; not to oppress any body, but to protect it elf. It had remedy, the ballot, which no other people had, and this little tragedy would be the means of waking the people up. A SOLUTION OF THE TBOt BLE. A solution of these troubles would be, he thought: First. Restore the. money, that labor and property may have a price and a debt pacing power. second. Ucstor the lands and mines and all the resources of na ture, which the Great father has created for all his children alike. Tnird. Restore the railroads and telegraphs and all the creations of society, that sociely may benefit by its own. Fourth. Abolish those class laws which tax and rob the manv for the few. If these steps are taken the causes of human distress will be mostly removed. There will be fewer mil lionaires and greater wealth among the millions. Men will employ themselves more and work for others less. Large industrial and business enternrises xrtll be carried . - 1 on more nv co-opera-ion ana less by competition. The education, purification and elevation of soci ety will be less difficult, and intel ligence, sobriety and virtue will De more general. It would not do to put off the fight. The sentiment of the old revolutionary patriot should be ob served: '."If the fight must come, let it cohiri nv, that my children may have peace." National Economist. (they ought not have been loth named 'bills," then we might have had a - difference at least,) nor can any man say just how ex tensive is the diflerence what might be true of either "bill" in any given year; also the beneficial results or otherwise, all depends upon the amount of the article con sumed in a given year and whether said article bo a necessity or a luxury. This rear we eat a large amount of sugar because it is cheap. Next year under a pro tective tariff it doubles in price. We use niueh less, and for it a substitute because the substitute is cheaper. Now seeing we use a substitute because it is cheap; Shylock proccdes to revenue it (rai?e the price) then we use less si.d jierhaps more sugar again. Thus all calculations upon the benefits or even the results of the tariff system must ever be misleading, ' for the poor man hi . ,. 1 : r : is compeiieu 10 una, 11 possi ble, substitutes for high priced food and to economize is the greatest study of the poor of our land. And this to m an unmitigated evil, lor as the people economize the rich take advantage of his economic system and cut his wages accord ingly. When will this end? When I speak of the common people I do not mean the drunkard or the shiftless or vagrant (though they are too common,) but of the industrious laboring man. Hence, no difference is appreciable in the old parties, except ono ears: "Whoreas I am in office. The other one resolves that, "I will get there." So let us keep our educa tional work going until we. the peo ple, shall learn that the science of applied self movement is some thing besides being in office, and when that something shall be understood and applied labor strikes will be a thing of the past and only remembered as way marks to a higher civilization. Ira Wakefield. should receive present benefit, d' rectly, and all other classes indi rectly, and unless it bo advisable for the few to hold all the land and wealth of the country, these classes must be helped, and that right soon. Not through gifts of money legislated direct into their hands (as some smarty claims we de mand), albeit thirteen bills have been so legislated into the pockets of a class by our wise and munifi cent government, but by just legis lation, not discriminating against the laborer, his products or busi ness, nor in favor of the few. The golden age of all nations of whom history gives us an account, was when the masses owned their homes and the wealth was distributed among the many, and the decline and fall of nations, has been when the reverse of the above was true. Is the downfall of our republic de sirable? To a few, perhaps it is ; to the masses it cannot be. for with its expiring groans would expire within their breasts every hope of earthly bliss. Would the very rich be happier under an aristo cratic government or a limited monarchy? Certainly not, for then (else all history is at fault) their vast wealth would, in even slight changes in the administra tive regime, be subject to its cap rice, for one man would be in favor at court today and another tomor row, while confiscation, power, prestige, vassalage and human life itself would become the pieces, so to sjak, to be played with by pluto cratic kings upon their government chess boards. Nor would kings themselves feel sure of the continu ance of those blissful hours which is ho cd for and sometimes enjoyed; for if uncertainty ruled in the courts ol Kings. 1.1 all things per taining to the same, as has ever been the case in all time in the gov ernment of ignorant hordes, how much more so would it be uncer tain when endeavoring to ruic as great or greater intelligence than is possessed by the rulers t'-emsclvcs. Is not then, all things considered, a republican form of government far above all other forms the most de sirable? And yet the rich of our land seem determined to force upon 1 us if posnole, euher wilfully or ig norantly, that form of government which must in the end prove their own as well as others' ruin, and gold finds willii g hands among our hithcrtu trusted servants in high places, to force the issue, and how anxious they seem for its speedy consummation, ore only needs to read the doings of our recent con gress to be fully convinced. To; thwart these impending evils and to maintain our republican form of government against its insiduous foe capital in the hands of idiots and knaves, the P. P. has hoisted its flag, and we are here to stay. Let no scringing sycophants bow at our altars, but men loyal to every virtue, true to every purpose, scorn ing every intrigue, and high over all let justice to all be our motto, and in God be ourtrnst, then con quer wo must. Ira Wakefield. Davis & Pottenger, -o Dealers In o- GROCERIES, GRG ILASSWARE, Our are, Ma & WBtowwara. GOOD GOODS AND LOW PRICES. OIVE TJS A. TRIAL Free Delivery to Any Part of the City. FIRST DOOR "NT EST OF POSTOFFICE. BROPHY & MATHE3, a DEALERS IJf O FRESH AND CORED MEATS. BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND VEAL Constantly on hand. Sausages a Specialty. MEDFORD. : : : : OREGON, JAMES A. SLOYER I It MEDFORD, ORE. PURE DRUGS AT POPULAR PRIDES. OOMBH AND UiKSS. OTATIONEKV. TIlXS D LASTSo. C0AP3 AS ALVJTS. EXCiLS POWDEK3 ASD ROOMS AND lli-S. Chamois, Sponges and 2 Full line of Tsiist Preparations. PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMrOUXDED DAY AXD XIGHT. All ord3rs answered wi-.h ccra &vi d:sya'.ch. Out etoe'e of Medioises is complete, warranted ttiiO ot the b.st quaii'.r. ADMINS & WE Dealers in' SHELF ANO HEAVY HARWARE. Stoves, Tin and Willow Ware. Cycone and Hoosier Pumps. Duty of tlis Alllsno. If the Fanners' Alliance is merely to discuss tho question as to how they shall increase th productions cf Uio farm aiid let the other fellows run the poli tics tbey wight as well disband. Tho fanners raise enough now, the Lord knows; but it it the politicians and cor porations who know what becomes of it. Independent American, The True Government. Editor Southern Oregon Mll: We are often asked, do you expect to benefit the shiftless nnd improvi dent of our country? We answer not now. There is but one remedy for them: A thorough reformation of life nnd character through the atoneuient of Jesus Christ. Now we ask. is there, no other class of our people to be benefitted? The bone and sinew of our country, the men on whom wo most rely. They that tower above all others is the yeomanry of our republic, the freeholders anil tillers of the soil, the mechanic, the miner and the roerchmt, These are the ones who A Flood In Dry Cnleh. The northwestern states have de serted and repudiated tho nepublic.v party. The south is preparing to repu diute and desert tho Democratic party Astute politicians will no longvr reason that the south is going to remain stead fast to the Democratic party iast he cause it always has. when the people have every reason for abandoning the party. Nor will smart politicians longer reason that tho northwest will continue tc vote tho Republican ticket with the very best of reason for voting against it, simply because the south has voted the Democrat ticket. Strango things hap pen in politics. Out in Colorado thera is a' dry gnlch that had never been moutcned by a drop of water accordipg to mountain tra dition, but one day it rained and a flood of cold water came down the gulch and drowned several familicK who were camping there. The politicians are cal culating that tbey will bo uudisturbed in tho dry gulch camp because they never have yet been seriously disturbed, but they are going to bo sadly disap pointed.' This fall there is going k bo flood of votes into new places, and be fore the old party politicians' realize what has happened to them they will be irretrievably lost. North Dakota Inde pendent. Whotcaata Robbery. In a speech delivered in the senate Jan. 13, 1S74, Senator Beck made Rse of the following table and vouched for its correctness. Up to 18C3 there had been sold the fol lowing amounts of "bonds payable in lawful money: Bonds. Cost In rolU. seu.ws.50O tM.mt 1,048 1S&3 IfD 1?C4 IMS 13 ... 188T les Sis iter cont sold. ToUl $S.04t33U.niO $i.sra.24.tw 1CO.0B7.M0 8si.aa,o KD.tMS.li'iO , 124.014.100 42l.4ti9.Va 42.V44&ND ltO.UB.M0 lnl.K10.SM IW.tfflT.tCSJ S.W.214.UU0 8S.Ml.n3 3ttL21&.:iO s12.s2a.xa 12a.lfi7.410 $7an,4A2,uin .Ma.72tl,0W Net profit. SBT.452, Premium on bonds boneut by Borernuicnt about 00,000,000 Tntat profit Interest putil to date ou bonds... C.-and total 8374.l,Tl The annals of hisiory cannot produce another similar example of wholesale robbery under forms of law. This table alone is enough to condemn both the old parties. Every article bears a guarantee. THE Glarendo HOTEL. N LU. G. COOPER, Peop., Medford, - Oregon. First-classBoari liy ilie Day, M or lonti Centrally Located, West Side of the S. P. R. R. Depot. THE TS.TT?T1 MUfUflU TiflTm T1TIW VADHC1 MlblY liulUO, G. W. PRIDDY, PROP. 149,000 Brick on Hand. First Class Quality- Lara and Small Orders Promptly Filled. Brick Wotk of All Kinds . Executed W!ri Satisfaction. Give Pile a Gall.