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About Southern Oregon mail. (Medford, Or.) 1892-1893 | View Entire Issue (April 29, 1892)
IS THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF
THE , FARMERS' ALLIANCE
AND PEOPLE'S PARTY OF
Do- too study joor best AdXkt
wm stfd palroulze tbU paper. It
will be. appreciated by all tbe best
farmed), Irom whom you get trade.
A Paper Of, By and For the People!
MEDFORD: OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1892.
Adopted by the People's Party, at
Oregon City, On March 16, 1892.
Preamble: "As injury to one is the con
CSRS OP ALU' :
1. We demand a national currency, issued by
the generai government only, a full lcgul tender
lor all debts, public and private, and that with
out tbe use of banking corporations, be distrib
uted direct to the people at not t exceed two
per cent tax, as set forth in the sub-treasury of
the farmers- Alliance and Industrial Union,
and at the St. Louis conference, and laud loans,
or soms better system ; also by payments iu
discharge of the government's obligations for
publio improvements. ' -
We demand the tree and unlimited coinage of
silver, ami we denounce the practice of the
government buying and storing bullion.
Tnat tae rueuium of excuauge or currency
bo based upon the wealth and law makiug
power of the country, and that we demand .thai
the amount of the circulating medium be speed
ily increased to not iess thua S50 per capita.
We demand that postal savings banks be es
tablished by the government for the safe de
posit of the earnings of the people and to facili
S. Tne land, including all the natural sources
of wealth, is the heritage of all the people, and
should not be monopolized for speculation pur
poses, and alien ownership of land should be
prohibited. All lands now held by railroads
and other corporations, in excess of their actual
needs, and all lauds now owned by aliens should
be reclaimed by the government and. held lor
actual settlers only, aud that any settlers who
may have acquired lands of such corporations
be protected in their rights to their homes and
in the sums paid to sucn corporations.
3. Transportation being a means ot exchange
and a public necessity, the government should
own and operate the railroads in the interests
of the people; and until such ownership van be
acquired, we demand the abolition of the rail
road commission and the establishment of a
maximum rate law within the state, and that
the present rates be reduced one-third.
Tne telegraph and telephone, like the post
office system, being a necessity for the trans
mission of . news, should be owned by the gov
ernment in the interest of the people.
We demand that all moneys asked and appro
priated for the improvement of the Columbia
river be spent in building and operating a rail
road parallel with the river said road to be
owned by the government and run at cost.
We demand that alt national revenue shall be
raised by a S per cent tux on money loaned by
the government, and a graduated property tax.
No exemption for indebtedness snouid be al
lowed, unless the per&oa claiming such exemp
tion, should give in a corresponding taxable
5l Whereas, The working people are en
tirely under subjection to the plutocracy, which
compels one portion of them to work too many
hours, and thereby increasing the army of the
unemployed: therefore be it
Kssol.vkz, That we demand that our legisla
ture pass a law defining eight hours as a legal
day's work in factories, mines, shops and pub-
- lie works. Ana also mas we recogaizo use
Knights of Labor in their controversy with the
fiocaester Clothing Company. -That
we are unalterably opposed to the Pink
er tons, or like organizations, ever entering our
That alrnhnL in anv form, shall be sold only
by state agents, said goods to be pure aud sold J
a. w!Kn nHtfit tivtkA noanta t ahull '
not be drunk within the building nor within
sixty feet of the place where delivered nor n
any place of resort of gaming, thus abolishing
license, the saloon in society and the saloon in
politics. That the national government shall
not license the sate of any aljotioiic sub
stance in any states legally prohibiting the
sales thereof, nor shall it in any way interdict
or interfere with such prohibitory laws.
?. Resulted, That we affirm our unqualified
adherence to the doctrine of equal rights to all
special privileges to none, and that wt will
never cease our enorts till every citizen shall
stand before the law equal in. intellectual.
moral ana civu pnvueges.
8. We demand the passage of a law which
will prevent the immigration of Chinese to the
9 We demand that the state publish the
- school books and sell the same to the people at
10. That county officials be paid a stipulated
11. We object to the government having any
thing to do wit i the Nicaraugua canal, unless
it owns and operates the same at cost.
12. Resolved. That we are in favor of elect
ing all officers iy a direct vote of the people.
13. We demand tha: the government issue
legal tender notes and pay the union soldiers
between the price of ae depreciated money in
which be was paid i i gold.
fl B. PICKEL,
Physician and Scrgeox
Office ; Rooms 2 & 3. I 0.0 F. BIdg
B. WAIT, . - )
Physician and Suxgeqx.
" Medfy-rd, Oregon.
OSce: In Clr.Jerr,' Block.
Tl P. GEARY, , i
Physician and Surgeon.
OSBce: Cor. C and 7th sts,
Physician and Sdrgeon.
Office: Hamlin block, up stairs.
R. O. F. DEMOREST,
Makes a specialty ; of first-class
work at reasonable rates.
Office in opera house, Medford, Or
ROBT. A MILLER
Att'y and Cuisbllor-at-law
J , v.
Will practice in all courts of tbe
Abstractor and Attorney-
Office in bank building. " Have tbe
most complete and reliable ab
stracts of title in Jackson co unty
r LLARD CRAWFORD,
Attorney and Counsellor
. -At Law.
Office: In Opera block.
-i USTIN S. HAMMOND,
V Medford, Oregon.
Office: I.O.O.F. Building,
Sure to Relieve the Stringency
, ; of the Money Market.
GOOD, SOUND LOGIC.
The Savings Banks Will Not Be In
jured in the Least.
The following able article appeared
in a lata issue of the Chicago later
Ocean. It is from tha pen of Ira Wake
field, of Phoenix, Ore:
To the Editor: Will you allow me
space to reply to Georgo M. Muller on
the Sub-treasury plan in issue of Feb
I should judge, after , reading of his
article, that he either has not given
much thought to the plan, or else he
was writing solely in the interest of
capital. First, he says, "any financial
system must be just in principle and
practical in application, and acceptable
to a majority of the people." If that
is true then the present system must be
just and acceptable to a majority of the
people, which eyery schoolboy . knows
is not. But that the sub-treasury plan
may meet his ideas of justice and ac
ceptability we believe, so far as light
has dawned upon the financial horizon
of our republic: at least it will bs a
vast improvement on our present sys
tem. Stripped of all details, the "sub
treasury plan7 is a plan to relieve at
certain times the stringency of the
monsy . market, which deprives the
farmer of his just reward of labor,
without at the same time benefitting
other classes of laborers or flooding
the market with 'cheap money.
As to the product on which govern
ment makes the loan, ths production
of the soil has been selected as the boot
for various reasons.
1. The product of the farm must bo
sold the ensuing year after the harvest,
and' the money loaned on it returned to
the United States Treasury, from
whence it came, lest too great an
amount of money be forced upon the
market, so as to reduce its "earning
power" Mr. Muller complains of.
2. The product of the farm is the
disturbing element in the premises, it
being the only product of labor that is
practically dumped upoa the irarkct
of the world all at once that is, with
in a few weeks and the time of those
fe-.v weeks is absolutely known, thus
giving the money kin3 an opportunity
to "corner" the money market, to the
great depression of the value of said
products. As to coal, iron and manu
factured articles, they are not forced
upon the market all at once, but their
offerings ara nearly uniform, month by
month throughout the year, rendering
it extremely difficult, if not impossible,
without the owners consent to corner
the market with reference to them.
3. Farm products are the only ones
that must ba sold in the markets of tie
world, year by year. There is never
any surplus to speak of more often a
decided scarcity,. which renders there--
turn of the loan gradual and certain
within one year. As to its "narrow
ness and injustice" we answer, taking
wheat as an example. When wheat
sells for only fifty cants a bushel on ac
count of the scarcity of money, caused
mostly, as everybody knows, by the
operations of Wall street, other pro
ductions spoken of, if forced to sell,
decline in the same proportion and
general depression follows.
We said or inferred that the farmer
was deprived of his just reward for
bis labor and to the advantage of no
one but the speculator. Food once in
the hands of speculators is there for a
purpose and will not go out again until
Shylock gets its pound of flesh, and
the laws of the land allow him to cut
very near the heart. The Sub-Treasury
plan in operation will divide those
profits between the producer and con
sumer. Thus: The speculator gives
the producer say fifty cents per bushel
for his wheat. The consumer pays
him one dollar (nor is this overdrawn).
Now let the speculator step down and
out, as our "plan" will allow him to do
Then the result will be an average, the
producer can realize 75 " cents, and the
consumer can have it for the same, in
stead of $1 as before, and Shylock will
be glad to get off with his life, plus the
non-forfeiture of his goods albeit the
e'.ernal laws of justice would make him
just a little tender-hearted now, were
there . not another .day specified, in an
old. book (though much venerated) for
his benefit. . Mr. Muller, says: Gov
ernment should be the only issuer of
money." So far he is a good alliance
man; also that "if government enters
the field (meaning the financial, I pre
sume) it will necessarily monopolize it
which is also another degree in the
alliance blue book. As to Mr. Scott's
warehouse in the center of a county,
away from railroads, etc., it is too fool
ish to need reply, except to say "drown
ing men catch .at straws."
Mr. Muller seems to think that the
"sub plan" is going to flood the coun
try with cheap money, which makes me
think he has never' read carefully, for
the retiring clause is as prominent as
the issuing one, just as soon as the
present necessity of the issue ceases,
which must be within the short space
of one year. Mr. Muller calls this
movement "a cyclone of demagogisro.''
and you have struck it sure, and you
are not unacquainted with the nature
of a cyclono. - Would it not be just as
well for Shylock to bp getting in some
where until the storm be past, and
when he comes forth again the sur
prise of "Rip Van Winkle" to his will
be as a misty mora to a clear "high
As to its wrecking all thi savings
banks, etc., that is a mere cyclone of
words, for to any, even a superficial
thinker, such a result can not be ap
parent, much less a fact.
. As he approaches the end of his arti
cle, light bfegins to dawn, and he de
sires 'stability as well as flexibility.
value as well as volume can not be dis
pensed with." Now that is the sub
treasury plan to a dot, and if any one
can show that it is not he must be a
new star yet to dawn on our financial
heavens; but that is not what we have
got now, exc.-pt at the instance and
pleasure of a few individuals, rich, 'tis
true, in millions, but "only great in
that spell, a name."
That the details ol the proposed plan
are the best that can be devised we are
very far from believing, nor are we
wedded to any specific details. What
we want is the plan, or something bet
ter. We ask for bread, and politely,
yet firmly, refuse stones. The people
are going to speak on several questions
within the near future, and if we are a
Republic their voice will be heard and
Tha Laborer's Condition.
The laborer does not quarrel with the
fact that he is a laborer, bnt a free peo
ple will not idnre the tyranny of op
pression. In our country the power to
oppress has increased with the central
ization of industry and wealth. This'
injustice is shown in the greed of corpor
ations in reducing the comforts of em
ployees and by the enactment of laws
burdensome to the masses.
The condition of the laboring man.
whatever be his station, is pitiable in
the extreme. Bis misfortune is the
theme of sociology today. Bat it is
most painful to witness the attempt to
explain these misfortunes as the result
of local evils and circumstances. His
improvidence is traced to intemperance
and shiftlessness. when such evils are
too frequently tbe fruits of the laboring
The condition of the farmer is made
the result of his own mismanagement.
Low prices are attributed to overpro
duction rather than underconsumption,
and the burdensome mortgage system is
represented as necessary on account of
the unusually rapid development ef a
growing country. But underneath all
the fact is painfully evident that tbe de
pression is too universal to be ascribed
to local causes and must bo sought for
in the preseut economic condition.
The laboring people 80 per cent, of
our population rightfully demand rec
ognition liy state and national legisla
tion. They are honest people, and ore
the last to call for peculiarly class legis
lation, and their arraignment of the
present system is that for a quarter of a
century legislation has been manipu
lated in the interest of classes. They
point in evidence to the favoritism
shown to corporations commercial,
manufacturing and moneyed, in all of
which laws the millions of toilers are
made to "pay tribute to the thousands in
affluent circumstances. .
The nation has grown rich. Her citi
zens point with pride to the rapid growth
of ber treasures. Bnt increase of wealth
is not evidence of a nation's prosperity
nnless it is properly distributed. At
present, of our ffiO.OOO.OOO.OOOof wealth.
81 .000 people own three-fifths of it So
that the economist is compelled to ask.
To what end will this rapid centraliza
tion lead ns?"
The direful day. foretold by Jefferson,
Jackson and Lincoln, when the nation
should be in danger from the oppression
of favored moneyed power, is already
upon us, and tbe voice of the people U
raised against it not an hour too toon.
As it is, the grip of the oppressor will
not be loosened without 0110 of the
severest struggles known to onr nation.
The contest will be decided at the ballot
box, with n result very disastrous to od
oressive class legislation. '
Mr. Simpson Confident of the Future.
Jerry Simpson said today that he
thought tbe southern Alliance members
wonld no longer hold ont ngainst the
third party movement, and that the third
party would carry Georgia and probably
some dther southern states. He said fur
ther that he did not believe tbo Re
publicans could carry a state west of the
Missouri river. He is .indulging in
the happy dream of the Alliance having
a balance of power in the next house and
of being able to throw the election of
president into this house. ' ' ..
A Vigorous Cumpalffn.
A Washington letter says tbe Fann
ers' Alliance members in congress seem
bent on making a vigorous party cam
paign this year. They have been hold
ing caucusses very frequently of late hi
the residence of Congressman Watson
of Georgia. These caucusses have beeu
attended regularly by the Alliance mem
bers in the house and by Senators Peffet
and Kyle.. Senator Kirby has not been
near them! It has been decided that a
congressional campaign committee shall
It Certain'y Looks as Though
that Stat Will ba Carried
AN IMPARTIAL REVIEW.
The Third Party Movement has Hade
Tremendous Advancement in
The state of tbe political atmosphere
in Georgia may be learned from the fol
lowing condensation of a dispatch to tbe
New York World:
If any doubt existed as tn the strength
of the People's party iu the state of
(ieorgia it will be removed when the ac
tiou of the recent meetings throughout
the state becomes known. The third
party, ox it is popularly called here, is a
force not to be despised in Georgia
politics, but must be respected as an
antagonist whom it will require earnest
work to defeat
Since the adjournment of the St Louis
convention, nnder tbe direction of Con
gressman Watson. Colonel Polk, presi
dent of the Alliance: Colonel C C. Post
late delegate to St Louis: Senator El
lington and Representative M. I. Branch
have been canvassing this state. The
result of their labors was the call which
brought together county mooting all
over tbe state.
It happened that the first convention,
that of Polk county, railed to elect del
egates to the state Democratic conven
tion, was to meet the same day. While
that convention assembled as a Demo
cratic body, it passed resolntiona.adopt
ing the Ocala platform in full indors
ing Tom Watson ami declaring inde
pendence or the old pr.rties.
It then reassembled under the came
of the People's party convention, with
Major Blanc, chairman of the Demo
cratic meeting, as its most conspicuous
member. The same old feces appeared
all tbe way through.
In Cherokee county the third party
people organized with such prominent
Democrats as Colonel W. II. Perkinson,
the Rev. Joseph D. Dobbs and Captain
W. W. Wiisun taking the leading parts
They resolved to take charge of every
thing in sight from congressman to
In Jefferson. Hart. Monroe, Forsyth.
Burke, Carroll and many other coun
ties the meetings were large and
enthusiastic Though there was an
absence in many of them of well known
names, yet the people present were
those who do the voting, and their de
termination was apparent
One of the most notable incidents of
tbe day was in Burke county. In that
connty the negroes count as throe to
one whit man. It is one of those typ
ical places iu the south where extraordi
nary means have had to be taken .to
keep in line an overwhelming negro ma
It is the last place in the south in
which a northern man would expert to
find brotherhood between the races, yet
at the third (tarty meeting in Waynes
boro there were two sections one black,
one white acting in perfect harmony.
The St Lotus platform was adopted
tbe work of organization was perfected
and the election of committees from the
militia districts completed. At the con
clusion of the meeting three cheers for
Congressman Watson were given in
which black and white vied ns to who
could shout the loudest
The Democrats of Spalding connty, in
session to discuss party matters, ac
knowledged the strength of the third
party. To judge from some of the mem
bers' views, who are evidently in posi
tion to know, this party is more formid
able thun most people are willing to
In ordor that no third partyite may get
into thedelegnto-makingon May 18, Col
onel E. W. Hammond introduced a reso
lution thut thgcJcctiou be by primaries,
while Colonel Frank Flint had passed a
resolution that uono but known Demo
crats shonld be allowed to vote iu said
During the discussion of these resolu
tions it developed that this new party
has a much larger hold than is gener
ally conceded. Colonel Frank Flint
stated that even in his connty there
were quite a number w'.io would affiliate
with tire third party.
Judge Stewart said: "There is a great
effort, and we underestimate the strength
of it, to break down the Democratic
party in the south. No longer than yes
terday at the dinner table in Fayeite
ville, the present representative of Fay
ette connty told tne that The Constitu
tion stated after Livingston returned
from St Louis and made his speech at
Covington, that it' was all right Liv
ingston bad killed the third party in
"They simply got the cart before the
horse: the third party is alivli and Liv
ingston is dead." . . '
In Campbell county. Senator Elling
ton, generally looked npon as the third
party candidate for the governorship,
addressed a large audience. -
In Rockdale Colonel Peck addressed
aowsembly of 500 penpje in advocacy
of third partyiam. At the conclusion of
his speech the audience by a two-thirds
vote indorsed his position.
In the face of all this it may be asked.
What is tho Democracy to do? 1
A Congressional Caiupulru Committee. .
A recent dispatch from Washington
says: . . .. ,
The Alliance men in congress have
nnder consideration an ambitious pro
gramme to advuuee the interests of the
Alliance and to propagate ita doctrine,
ft is proposed to establish an Alliance
cuugrasnonai campaign committee on
much the same basis as the Republic in
and Democratic committees to look af' er
their interests in the congressional dis
tricts. It would be the duty of this com
mittee to supply voters with information
and keep track of the political prospects
and possibilities in each district, with the
view to making the most of opportuni
ties. It is also proposed to establish a na
tional newspaper in Washington. These
and many other things of interest to Al
liance men were discussed at a recent
meeting at the home of Representative
Watson, of Georgia. Tbe meeting v as
largely attended, besides the regular Al
liance men in the house there being pres
ent Senators Peffer and Kyle, Presidtut
Polk. Dr. McCune, Mr. Dimming aad
others. Belre anything is actually done,
however, there will be a conference hold
with Mr. Tanbeneck, who is the nation
al representative of the party and of the
St. Louis convention.
DEMOCRATS OFFER NO P.cUEF.
With an Overwhelming-MnJprlty.Ther Do
Not Lighten tbe People's Burdens.
Representative Watson, of Georgia,
the acknowledged leader of the People's
party in the national house, severely ar
raigns the Democratic party for its vac
illating policy oa the silver question,
as evinced by ita action during the re
cent discussion in Washington. He is
reported as saying:
This action in tbe bouse on tho silver
bill is the death knell of tbo old Demo
cratic organization. Hundreds of thou
sands of voters in the southern states
have felt that if financial relief could be
had. Democracy as now organized wonld
give that relief if it had a chance. With
a majority of 148 in the house of repre
sentatives it certainly had a chance to
pass the free silver bill. It failed to
It was only by the help of nine Peo
ple's party members and eleven Repub
licans that this immense Democratic
a Waterloo. Con
tive Democrat in
the south knows
now that Demo
the present or
v' tical legislation
cokoressmas WATSON. concerned. No
power on earth
can now keep Georgia from going into
the electoral college with the People's
party convention. I confidently believe
that the same is true of several other
What the Democrats may do with
the silver bill hereafter is comparatively
unimportant They have had their op
portunity. They hud their majority
with uineteen outside votes to help them.
They were absolutely unable to pass such
a very mild measure of reform as Mr.
Bland's silver bill, which only purports
to add thirty rents per capita to the cir
culating medium. I have never ceased
to claim that the Alliance demands, npon
which the People's party was founded,
were true Jcffcrsonian principles. 1
claim that today. But I believe now
that the immense majority of the Demo
crats all over the south will come to onr
party as the truo exponents of the Jcf
fersonian principle of the role of the
people as against the Hamilton doctrine
of the rulo of money and of the classes.
Let it nerer be forgotten that Mr.
Bontclle, of Maine, a Republican, asked
the Tammany Democrats to stop filibus
tering on the bill and challenged tho
Democratic house to come at once to a
direct vote on the bill itself. That chal
lenge was refused, and refused by Demo
crats. In other words, a magnificent
Democratic majority of 14a found itself
absolutely powerless to legislate npon a
mild measure of reform to which their
party is committed and npon which they
have sought and obtained votes.
We who swung loose from the Demo
cratic party claimed that northern and
eastern Democrats had no real sympathy
with our people, bnt were as much under
the domination of the mosey power as
the Republicans of tho north and east
After tho vote of last Thursday night 11c
man will ever be able to successfully
deny that proposition.
Making It Clsar.
Senator .Washburn has prepared an
amendment to his antioption bill which
is intended to make perfectly plain the
fact that no feature of the inensure can
be construed to prohibit tbe sale or re
sale any number of tilnos of any article
which actually exists. The amendment
is as follows: Insert between tbe words
"delivered" and "provided" in the tenth
line of page 3 the following:
"Or has not heretofore acquired by
purchase the right to the future posses
sion of such article or articles nnder the
virtue of a contract or agreenient for
tho sale and future dolivery thoreof pre
viously mode by such owners." "
With this amendment Senator Wash
burn says tho bill will- be thoroughly
satisfactory to the elevator men and
legitimate grain dealers generally. TheJ
inea oi 1 110 urn is to promou spocumuon
upon grain which does not exist in fact,
bnt to offer no interfereuoe whatever to
any transaction involving grain which
has been sold in good faith and is in
actual existence. Wahinicton Special.
, John F. Willita, national lecturer
the Farmers' Alliance and tbe probable
candidate of tho People s party for gov
ernor of Kansas, says that there will be
no fusion with tbe Democrats in that
state, as has been reported. He does not
thiiAt that fusion is possible under any
circumstances. He does, however, ex
poet that but one state convention of the
People's party will be held in this Stat
this year'and that a state ticket will In
nominated at the time that tbe delegate
to the Omaha convention are elected
This convention will be held early in
June, and if Mr. Willita is right in hi
conjecture that the state nomination
will be made wbon the delegates are
choseu tho People's party ticket will be
the first in the held.
One Price To All:
IS OUR MOTTO I
BLOCK. y P 9 1-6
I Have Come Here To Stay,
And am in a position to offer to the.
public endless bargains as never before heard of, as having an insid
track of the business I am always on tho lookout to purchase goods from
small manufacturers back east. I also purchase Bankrupt stocks and
from firms who are in urgent need of the ready money, and basing the
ready money on hand I embrace the opportunity ef . buying goods for
Cash at greatly reduced prices, cenecquently. am able to offer the same
to the public at such prices that should cemmeud a speedy sale of my
DRY GOODS, DRESS GOODS, CLOTHING, .
BOOTS and SHOES, HATS and CAPS,
FURNISHING GOODS for LADIES and GENTS, '':
FANCY GOODS, NOTIONS, LACES, SILKS, SATINS, . '
RIBBONS, Etc., Kept in a first class establishment - k
Give me a call
JJIt will be to Tuir benefit io inspect my stock and see prices.JUJJ
1 - . : .
YO VRS, AXXIO US TO PLEASE, "i
sSaTXote tfcs address !
PURE DRUGS AT
Chamois, Sponges and a Hill line of Toilet Preparations.
PRESCRIPTION'S CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED DAY AXD XIGHT
All orders answered with car and dispatch. Our stock of Medicines -is
complete, warranted and of the best quality.
HI. G. COOPER, Pfopp.,
Medford, - Oregon.
First-class Board by lie Day, Week or lift
Centrally Located, West
1 -UNDERSELL -
IS OUR MUTTO!
crvnn d n medford, .
J FY " OREGOJT.
I defy competition
Side of the S. P. R. R. Depot." '
in Dry Goods,
Boots and Shoes,
General Merchandise, ete.
Examine stock and be convinced.
WE DEFY COMPETITIOK.
General store on Main Street.
Warehouse on Front Street.
Ml i CO,