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About Southern Oregon mail. (Medford, Or.) 1892-1893 | View Entire Issue (April 22, 1892)
IS THE OFFICIAL PAPKR OF
THE FARMKRS' ALLIANCE
AND PEOPLE'S PARTY OK
Do yoa Mady your beat fnter
est snd patronlz. this paper. It
will be appreciated by all tfce bort
farmer, from whom yon get trade.
A Paper Of, By and For the People!
MEDFORD: OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1892.
STATE PLATFORM ,
Adopted by the People's Party, at
Oregon City, On March 16, 1892.
"An injury to one is the con
CEBN Or ALU"
1. We demand a national currency, issued by
the general government only, a full legal tender
for all debts, public and private, and that with
. out the use of banking corporations, be distrib
uted direct to the people at not t j exceed two
per cent tax, as set forth in the sub-treasury of
the Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union,
and at the St. Louis conference, and land loans,
or some better systkh; also by payments in
discharge of the government's obligations for
We demand the free and unlimited coinage of
silver, and we denounce the practice of the
government buying and storing bullion.-
That the medium of exchange or currency
be based upon the wealth and law making
power of the country, and that we demand that
the amount of the circulating medium be speed
ily increased to not less than S50 per capita. -
We demand that postal savings banks be es
. tablished by the government for the safe de
posit of the earnings of the people and to facili
3. The land, including all the natural sources
of wealth, is the heritage of all the people, and
should not be monopolized for speculation pur
poses, and alien ownership of land should be
prohibited. All lands now held by railroads
and other corporations, in excess of their actual
needs, and all lands now owned by aliens should
be reclaimed by the government and held for
actual settlers only, and that any settlers who
may have acquired lands of such corporations
be protected in their rights to their homes and
in the sums paid to such corporations.
3. Transportation being a means ot exchange
and a public necessity, the government should
' own and operate the railroads in the interests
of the people; and until such ownership can be
acquired, we demand the abolition of the rail
road commission and the establishment of a
maximum rate law within the state, and that
the present rates be reduced one-third.
The telegraph and telephone, like the post
office system, being a necessity for the trans
. mission of news, bould be owned by the gov
ernment in the interest of the people.
We demand that all moneys asked and appro
priated for the improvement of the Columbia
river be spent in building and operating a rail
road parallel with the river, said road to be
owned by the government and run at cost.
We demand that all national revenue shall be
raised by a S per cent tax on money loaned by
the government, and a graduated property tax.
No exemption for indebtedness should be al
lowed, unless the person claiming such exemp
tion, should give in a corresponding taxable
i. Whereas, The working people are en
tirely under subjection to the plutocracy, which
compels one portion of them to work too many
hoars, and thereby increasing the army of the
'unemployed; therefore be it
Resolved, That we demand that our legisla
ture pass a law denning eight hours as a legal
day's work in factories, mines, shops and pub
lic works. And also that we recognize the
Knights of Labor in their controversy with the
Rochester Clothing Company.
That we are unalterably opposed to the Pink
ertoas, or like organizations, ever entering our
That alcohol. In any form, shall be sold only
bv state agents, saia roods to be pure and sold
at cost, without profit to the agents, and shall I
BOl Oe uriUUL iuiu tuc m ms wiutiu
sixty feet of the place where delivered nor in
any place of resort of gaming, thus abolishing
license, the saloon is society and the saloon in
politics. That the national government shall
not license the sale of any alcoholic sub
stance in any. states legally prohibiting the
sales thereof, nor shall it in any way interdict
or interfere with such prohibitory laws.
- 7. Resolved. That we affirm our unqualified
adherence to the doctrine of equal rights to all
special privileges to none, and that wc will
never cease our eflorts till every citizen shall
stand before the law equal in intellectual,
moral and civil privileges.
a We demand the passage of a law which
will prevent the immigration of Chinese to the
9 We demand that the state publish the
school books and sell the same to the people at
10. That county officials be paid a stipulated
1 1. We object to the government having any
thing to do with the Nicaraugua canal, unless
it owns and operates the same at cost.
H. Resolved. That we are in favor of elect
ing all officers by a direct vote of the people.
13. We demand that the government issue
legal tender notes and pay the union soldiers
between the price of the depreciated mosey in
which he was paid in gold.
Physician axd Surgeox
Office : Rooms 2 & 3. I.O.O.F. BWg
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: In Guilders' Block.
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: Cor. C and 7th sts,
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: Hamlin block, up stairs.
R- O. F. DEMOREST,
Makes a specialty of first-class
work at reasonable rates.
Office in opera house, Medford, Or
ROBT. A. MILLER
Att'y and Counselxob-at-law.
Will practice in all courts of the
Abstractor and Attokney-
Office in bank building. Have the
most complete and reliable ab
stracts of title in Jackson co nnty
Attorney and Counsellor-
" Medford, Oregon. 1
Office: In Opera block.
' -". : . :
AUSTIN S. HAMMOND,
. Attorney- At-Law.
Office: I.0-O.F. Building.
A Short Sketch of the Different
Nominees of the County
HOW THEY STAND.
Bead the List and Say This is Not
W. H. 'Bradshaw, . nominee tor
sheriff, is a resident of Brownseoroand
has been a citizsn of Oregon for six
years. He was born in Kentucky
forty-seven years ago and has been in
the farming and cattle business all his
life, in which latter busiuess he is at
present engaged. In his nomination
the People's Partv have selected a
man true to the principles of reform
and one whose worth is keenly felt,
and deplored by both democrats and
republicans. His fight will tell.
E. E. Deming, nominee for county
clerk, was born on the 21st dnv of
March, 1S59, in Jefferson county,
Northern New York, on a farm four
miles from. Watertown, the county
seat, where he passed thirteen years
of his -life. His parents moved from
Jefferson county in the fall of 1863 and
settled in Tenton, Genesee county.
Mich., whither he accompanied then.
Here he attended the grammar school
and the Fenton high school till Feb
ruary 1875, in which he was persueing
the Latin Scientific course, but owing
to impaired vision the result of
measles he was compelled to forsake
school and live an out door life, work- j
ing at gardening and on his father's
farm, which had been bought soon
after their settlement in Fenton. He
then bagan teaching district school
winters and spending his summers in
various out of door employments. In i
March, 1836, after, completing his
eighth term of school he was taken j
with typhoid pneumonia, which caused
him to come to this coast with the
double purpose of seeing his older
brother and regaining his health
After spending two years in California
he was persuaded by a prominent Ash
lander, whom he met, to come to Ore
gon, where he arrived June 27, 18S3.
since which tima he has been a resi
dent of Ashland with the exception of
six months, which were spent in Doug
las county and thanks' tn the genial
mild climate of Southern Oregon, he
has been restored to his usual weight
and vigor.-. ...
When Gen. Weaver ran for presi
dent he supported him and since then
has supported all anti-monopoly moves.
In 1890 he supported the Union Labor
Party ticket, but never sought a nom
ination on any ticket. .
If elected Mr. Deming will make the
most efficient clerk this county ever
had, and an honest one, too.
W. T. Anderson, county judge nomi
nee, is a native of Virginia, and wss
born in the year 1S35, and emigrated
to Oregon eight years ago, and is a
resident of Phoenix. He is a man of
Stirling qualities and true to the cause
of reform. His name is a vauakle ac
quisition to the ticket, and in his elec
tion the county would be well served.
' . RECORDER.
J. F. Wisner, nominee for county re
corder, was born and bred in Michigan
until seven years ago when he became
a citizen of Oregon. He is an educator
of no mean qualities, and is a promi
nent member of tho order of I. O. O. F.
His present residence is Kubli, Oregon,
where ho is teaching in the schools.
He has always been a foremost worker
in the ranks of political reform, and.is
honored and trusted by his large circle
of friends. Elect him and you have a
recorder worthy of his hire.
J. W. Marksberry, nominee for assess
or, was born in Kentucky in the year
1848 and emigrated with his parents to
Illinois in 1857, and remained in that
state until 1874, when he moved to
Texas and lived there until 1884, then
came to Jackson county, Oregon. It is
with pleasure that we accord Mr.
Marksberry an honorable position in
the front rinks of the Farmers' Alli
ance and People's party. His labors
havo been untiring to advance the best
interests of the cause at all times, and
although never seekng office he is well
qualified to fill any position acoorded
him, and will make the county an - as
sessor above reproach.
. . TREASURER.
Enoch Walker, nominee for county
treasurer, is too well and favorably
known to need a lengthy sketch. He
was born in Kentucky in the year 1814,
and emigrated to Oregon in 1853, being
one of its pioneers.. He was elected to
the legislature in 1872 on the republi
can ticket, but at that session learning
of the tricks and corrupt methods of
legislation, he immediately left the old
party and affiliated with the green
backers as long as it existed. He has
baen with every reform party sinco,
and was nominated state treasurer on
tho Union Labor ticket. The county's
funds could not be placed in safer hands
than his, and appreciating this, his
many friends are sanguine or his olee
tion. SCnOOL SUPERINTENDENT.
E. E. Smith,' nominee for. county
school superintendent, is an educator
6f the. ' fiithesl 'order.. He was born
December 27, 1S5D, in Columbia county,
Wisconsin. With the exception of twp
or three years he has always lived in
town, his father being a merchant. In
the fall of "72 his father's family moved
to Oakland, Cal., where they resided
one year, the young man attending
school. In the autifmn of 1873 his
father's business compelled him to re
turn to Wisconsin. They took up their
residence at Berlin, Green Lake Co.,
where they remained ten years. Mr.
Smith here completed a high school
course and then entered the Wisconsin
State University, where he Studied one
year, but on account of failing health
was obliged to drop his studies and
seek health. ' He came west to Boze
raan, Mont., where he engaged as clerk
in a store. In the fall of 1883, his pa
rents came to Montana. They all con
tinued the western journey until they
reached Jackson county, Oregon, where
they have since resided.
Mr. Smith has been teaching since the
spring of 1SS4, and has taught two and
one-fourth years in Central Point pre
yious to his present engagement of five
months. He also taught one year in
Oakland schools and the remainder of
the time in the. country. He holds a
state diploma. He is a married man
and has a family of a boy and girl.-
As can be seen by tho foregoing, Mr.
Smith is well qualified to fill the office
of school superintendent of the county,
and it is to be hoped he will receive tho
support of all tho bjst people in the
S. M. Xealon, one of the three nom
inees for representative, was born in
Conneticut and is fifty years of age.
Ho was educated in the common school
and is an old soldier, having vol-
inteered during the war and served
in the army of the Potomac until dL-
charged with the regiment at the close
of the war. He moved to Oregon from
California and bought a farm in Table
Rock precinct and has lived on it
nearly nine years. Ha was postmaster
at Tabic Rock over five years, and is
an honest, straightforward farmer, and
as a representative ho would cause cor
ruption to quail before convincing ar
guments. W. H. Qreese, also nominee for rep
resentative, was born in 1849, at Celle
Province, Germany, and is of French
German descent. At the age of 17 bis
parents immigiated. to America and
settled in Lincoln county, Missouri. In
1S72 he cast his first vole for the Re
publican party. In the panic of 1873
his parents lost their home and farm
on a mortgage and with It wont $4,500,
the earnings of a lifetime in Germany,
and which brought his parents to a
premature grave. He then emigrated
to Iowa and settled near Warkon, Al
lamkee county. In 1878 he started iu
business at Britt, Hancock county, same
state. In 1883 he cast his lot with the
peoplo of Jackson county, and has re
sided at Talent ever since. The finan
cial legislation of 1S72 and "73 of the
g. o. p., which had such a disastrous
effect on the country and on tho for
tunes of his parents, set him to think
ing. Ha felt that ha had been directly
(in his ignorance) rcspunsiblo for help
ing Faid party in power. He then in
vestigated what is now known as the I
Greenback movement, and became in
terested in such literature. He read !
John Stuart Mills: ''Let the 0lum3 of j
money in a nation hi doubled and prop- j
erty of all kinds will double in .value; 1
let it 03 reduced one-half and a corre
sponding shrinkage of values will re
sult therefrom." Since that he knew
who was benefited by a contracted cur
rency. In 1878 ha voted for Peter
Cooper on the Greenback Libor ticket,
since when he has often been told by
his republican and democratic friends,
"You aro throwing your vote away."
His answer has bean, ''I would rather
be right with the minority than wrong
with the majority. His faith in the
ultimate redemption of the toilers has
never wavered, well knowing that the
"mills of the gods grind slowly, but
that they grind exceedingly fine," and
that it takes a long time to separate
the. wheat from the chaff in human
growth and evolution. He will bo tho
right man in the right place in the
legislative hall of Oregon.
Secretary Schelling, of the national
executiva committer of the Peoplo's
Party, received a letter from Muster
Workman Powderly, of tho Knights of
Labor, in which ho deprecates the
hoisting of his name for a presidential
candidate by some of the reform papers,
and askh Mr. Schelling to usa his in
fluence to stop such nonsence. - Pow
derly adds that .ho will vote for the
St. Louis platform, no matter what the
name of tho party may be. .-' For cer
tain reasons, he says, his nams would
not draw as well as others, and. a large
vote is needed to convinces the republi
can and democratic partios that the
St. Louis platform and principles must
not be ignored, as will ba done this
year by those parties.
I TO VOTE.
The New Ballot Law and How
to Use It.
CUTS AND SAMPLE TICKET
The Law Said to be Safe Against
Repeaters and Vote Buyers.
The new Australian ballot law is now
in forco in this stats, and every voter is
interested in knowing how to comply
with the law in casting his ballot.
A tew municipal elections have been
conducted undrr the new plan, and
others are yet to be held before the
final test of the law is to be made at the
fall general election. To awtist voters to
proper understanding of tbe way to do
it, we print herewith the full text of
the law and illustrations of the voting
Cut No. 1 shows the boxes or compart
ments in which tho voter prepares liii
Cut No. S shows the position of the
ballot clerks, voters in the stalls, and
the officers of election checking the
voters as they deposit the ballots in the
xx near, the exit, fcnter with the tnan
the right of the cut, and get a ballot
from the gentleman standing at the end
of the table, provided the young man
at the desk finds your uaine property
registered in the great register open be
Then walk over to one of the open
stalls and mark your ballot in accord
ance with your wishes, and pass in front
of the group at the loft, and anuounce
yonrname to the jnilges of election.
When the young man sitting at the desk
finds your name properly registered,
you are permitted to deposit the ballot
in the box and pass out. That is all
there is to it Cut No. 8 shows the
ground plan of Cut No. 2, with the
positions of each election officer and
voter indicated. : -
It has been claimed by some that the
new law can be beaten, and that vote
buying cannot be prevented by the ex
periment The following editorial from
the San -Francisco Examiner seems to
state the case about as fairly as it can
be dev1 -
I o 00
' f lBoil
"A correspondent of the Examiner
warned the California electors of the
method by which the Australian ballot
system was beaten in Montana. It was
a variation of the 'Tasmania dodge,' a
voter being bribed to bring out a ballot
by substituting a piece of blank' paper
fr the official ballot that was given
him on entering the booth. In the ' Tas
nnia dodge' the voter was supposed to
rote the blank paper, in the Montana
ease to tear it up. The official ballot
being brought outside it was tilled up
by the vote buyer, given to the next
voter, who oast the marked ballot and
brought out a fresh official ballot. The
system was thus made a check on the
"Whether this trick was actually
worked or not in the case mentioned, it
is amply provided for in the California
law. In the first place the voter is for
bidden to leave the booth until he baa
delivered np the ballot ho has received
on entering. He must give it to the in
spector if he wishes to vote it or return
it to the ballot clerks in case he does not.
"But a second check, still more valu
able, prevents any illicit nse of the bal
lot even if it -is taken ouUMe. When
the voter enters the booth the ballot
clerks mark the check number of his
ballot against his name on the printed
register. When he marks the ballot he
folds it with the counterfoil or tag that
bears the number of the ballot exposed,
and delivers the ballot to the inspector.
The inspector announces the name and
number, the ballot clerks verify it from
their record, and the inspector tears off
the tag and drops the ballot in the box.
If the ballot does not bear the same
number as the one he received from the
ballet clerks he cannot vote.
"The California ballot system cannot
be 'beaten in this manner except by
the collusion of the election officers,
challengers and watcher of both parties.
It is hardly possible to secure so large a
number of corrupt men together, or at
all events men corrnpted by the same
side. Whatever vote buying is done
under the system will have to be carried
out under the assistance to illiterates'"
provision. This will be a possible but
dangerous game to play. It will require
the collusion of election officers, and will
be readily detected by the watchers.
The November election will show
whether an amendment on this point
will be necessary."
The sample ballot given is intended
to show how to mark votes. If a straight
ticket is voted, an X in the space at the
right of the party for which the voter
desire to cast his ballot is sufficien.
Bat a split ticket requires an X opposite
each name voted for. Only one office is
on this ticket. All are arranged in the
RcctruB rtixiT!cTtcrr itraifhtv.
Rtorum RrriucnTicKT(wrihi). 1
Riarutt Psomsmox Ttrir (strain).
To rot for . pmm. cuaip a eras (X la the
rquftr M the rl.bt ot h nam.
Vote for One.
S. R. Coe
THIRD PARTV - NEWS.
Condensed Information from the Centers
The People's party in Milwaukee will
run a complete municipal ticket in the
There is a probability that tho third
party, or Farmer's Alliance, of Minne
sota will make a combination with the
Democrats for tho next election. The
basis talked of for fusion is an Alliance
man for governor aud four out of the
nino presidential electors to be Alliance.
At the lust election ia lbDO the Demo
crats polled 83,844 votes, tho Republic
ans 88.111, and the Alliance 38.514.
A dispatch from Indianapolis says:
"The Prohibitionists aud People's party
in Indiana will probably unite in plac
ing state, congressional, legislative and
comity tickets in tho field. This action
was agreed upon in conference by lead
ers of the parties.' Tho 6tate chairmen
will call their committees together to in
dorse this plan. The two parties claim
they will poll 100,000 votes in Indiana."
Tho People's party of Grand Rapids,
Mich., has nominated a full mun:ci;-al
ticket to bo voted for at the coming
spring election. Overtures from the
Democrats looking to a fusion were re
Tho fusion of the People's and Demo
cratic parties in Kansas is probably tht-r-oughly
agreed upon, and there is no
likelihood; of a chango in the terms. The
Democrats will support the People's
electoral and state tickets. The con
gressional nominees will be divided, the
People's party securing five and tiie
Democrats three. - Tho Republicans, it
is claimed, will retaliate upon the Ksu
saa Democrats by fusing with the third
party in several southern states. "
. . Here and There.
After a respite of seven years the ex
tremely contagions and highly disastrous
foot and mouth disease has, according to
an English exchange, again found a foot
hold on the shores of that country, hav
ing been brought by foreign cattle.
The salmon canning on tho Pacific
coast is a great industry.
Nebraska's contribution to the needy
of Russia is 3,000,000 bushels of corn.
English potato growers who experi
mented with tho Bordeaux mixture last
season are almost uuauimous in its praise.
. The Danish investigator Jensen has in
troduced for smut the method of soak
ing the wheat in water at a temperature
of from 127 to 133 degs. Fahrcnhoit for
five minutes. American experimenter
recommend fifteen minutes.' . Smut is
much more common and destructive on
oats than on wheat. Tho same treat
ment is recommended.
One Price To All:
IS OUR MOTTO !
I Have Come Here To Stay, .- ''" . ' " ' '
And am in a position to offer to the
public endless bargains as never before heard , as braving an insula
track of the business I am always on the lookout to purchase goods front ?
small manufacturers back east. -1 also purchase Bankrupt stocks and
from firms who are in urgent need of the ready money, and having', lha
ready money on hand I embrace the opportunity ofuying goods for
Cash at greatly reduced prices, consequently am able to offer the same
to the public at such prices that should commend a speedy sale of my
DRY GOODS, DRESS GOODS, COTIIIXG, -BOOTS
and SHOES, HATS and CAPS,
FURNISHING GOODS for LADIES and GENTS, ;
FANCY GOODS, NOTIONS. LACES, SILKS. SATINS, - ;
RIBBONS, Etc., Kept, in a first class esUbh'shment
Give me a call
JJrt will bo to your-benefit to inspect my stock and see pricea.JJJI
YOURS, AXXIOUS 'TO PLEASE ; f -
CirXote the addrefa !
JflS. R. SliOVEf & CO.,
Drugs, Chemicals. Patent Medicines, Toilet Articles, Per
fumery, Etc., Etc School Tablets and "a Full Lisa
of Cranes Superfine Paper and Envelopes.
afaX-PHYSlCl.CSS:.. PrescripUons Carefully Com- "
pounded Any Hour Day r Night by an Experienced and
NIGHT BELL ON FRONT DOOR
W. G. COOPER,
Centrally Located, Vcst
TliB Pay As Ton'Go
IS OUR MOTTO i
1 defy' corcpetitiw.
ffie Day; M or Hojtli
Side of the S. P. R. R. Depot. t
In Dry Goods,
Clothing, : - v
. boots and Shoes,
General Merchandise, itc.
Examine stock and be conviB&l
Hi DEFY COMPETITION
General store on Main Street. -.
Warehouse on Front Street.
; V ' MEDFORD," Ore.
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