Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Lexington wheatfield. (Lexington, Or.) 1905-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1907)
NEW SURE. FOR WHITE PLAGUE.
I J... J LLLl J.l II .i l l i i
OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST
EARLY DAY POSTOFFICES.
Inspector Richles Comet Into Pos
1 session of Interestiug Relic.
Portland Postoffice Inspector Rich
ies, of this city, owns a ccpy of a "Lint
of Postolfices of the United States,"
which was Issued by tho government in
1802. The list has been, until recent
ly, in the possession of John Ileddon,
postmaster at Scottsburg, Douglas coun
ty, Oregon, who had It from the gov
ernment noon after its publication.
Home time a(io he gave it to Inspector
Richlos on the occasion of an official
visit to that office by the latter.
Scottsburg is one of the oldest post
offices in the state, and Mr. Iledden
was its first postmaHter. In 1802 Ore
gon had 50 postoflices. In Multnomah
county thore were three, Portland,
fcpringvillo and Handy. Polk county
lod in the number of postofiiees, having
13. Marion county came next, with
10. "Wuscopuin" county is credited
with one, and Wasco county with one.
Waseopum county's office appears on
the list as Hood itiver. There were 20
counties in Oregon in 1802 in 1802;
the state having made a gain of 13
counties in since that time.
NUMEROUS SITES OFFERED.
State Board to Select Land for Insti
. tute for Feeble Minded.
Salem At a special meeting of the
members of tho board for the feeble
minded institute, a voluminous list of
tracts of land sites for the construction
of the new buildings was presented by
the owners for the consideration of the
board. Maps, blue prints and descrip
tions of many desirable places were laid
before them. In fact, the table around
which Governor Chamberlain, State
Treasurer Steel and Acting Secretary
of State Benson sat was piled so high
with documonts that the board decided
to appoint a spocjal committee to ex
amine each tract of land separately, se
lect the most desirable, secure the best
prices and report to the board at the
Beg to Get Deeds.
Salem Jacob D. Holtzerman, of
Minneapolis, attorney for the holders
of 14 Kelliher-Turner school land cer
tificates, covering about 2,800 acres
located in Southern Oregon, appeared
before the state land board at a recent
special meeting in the interest of his
clients, who want deeds to the land.
Most of them live at Dayton, Ohio.
These certificates were among those is
sued upon what is known as the Kelli-lier-Turner
applications, which were
alleged by ex-State Land Agent Oswald
West to have been forgeries, and upon
being investigated by the Marion coun
ty grand jury during the month of
April, 1905, were eo reported to the
state land board.
Parents and Teachers Organize.
The Dalles The Teachers' and Pat
rons' Educational association, organ
ized March 8, now has 125 patrons, as
the result of circular letters sent out
by the city superintendent to ascertain
the sentiment of the people relative to
school and home co-operation. The
object of the association is to encourage
a better school spirit in The Dalles; to
bring the parents -and teachers closer
together in a social way ; to discuss,
freely and fully, all matters pertaining
to school life, and to. recommend such
reforms in the schools of The Dalles as
will meet the requirements of the pres
ent and provide for the future.
Terminal Rates for Baker.
Baker City With a view of taking
up a fight for terminal rates for Baker
City, the Merchant' association has
appointed a committee to plan the or
ganization of a local shipping bureau.
The committee is meeting with marked
success, and the bureau will be estab
lished within a short time. This bu
reau will be under the management of
a rate expert, who will compile local
complaints against the railroad and
put them into shape to submit to the
state railroad commission.
Rich Strike in Pine Valley.
Baker City The richness of the plac
er gold mines at old Auburn and even
the wealth of the California placers are
rivaled by reports of the strike recently
made by Blair, Herbert and Underwood
in the Seven Devils district. Pine
Vailey, about 00 miles east of Baker
City, is the place where the discovery
was made, and those who have been on
the scene predict that it will be one of
the greatest placer camps in the West.
Arousing Interest In Horticnlture.
Oregon City Professor E. R. Lake,
of the forestry and botanical depart
ment of the Oregon Agricultural college
at Corvallis, and, W. K. Newell, presi
dent of the state board of horticulture,
will be among the speakers at the next
meeting of the Clackamas County Hor
ticultural society, which will be held
in this city Saturday, April 13.
PROBE FOR LAND FRAUDS.
Another Federal Grand Jury Begins
Sessions In April.
Portland Within two weeks another
Federal giand jury will begin to grind
on'Oregon land frauds. The jury will
be summoned soon and the old as well
as tho now cases that have been inves
tigated by and through the United
States district attorney's office and by
the agents of Special Inspector Thomas
B. Nouhansen, together witli the cases
that have been worked up by Edward
W. Dixon, in charge of the special
agent for Oregon, will be laid before
When Francis J. Heney left Portland
to tear the lid off of graft in San Fran
cisco, he left a number of land fraud
cases, evidence in which was already in
the hands of the United States attor
ney, to be brought to the attention of
a grand jury. Since his departure the
work of investigating new cases of fraud
has been going on and when the jury
gets into action it will have a long.' ses
sion. Among the cases of alleged fraud that
will be brought to the attention of the
jury are those said to have been discov
ered in and around Pendleton. To this
list will be added others that rumor
says involve a number of prominent
men, not only in Oregon, but in several
Work on the Poorman Group.
Baker City That there are 100,000
tons of copper ore assaying $14 a ton
lying at the surface on the Poorman
group of claims, is the declaration of
Manager Arthur, of the mines, who
lias just returned from the property.
There are outcroppings assaying from 2
to 5 per cent in copper, the greatest in
Oregon. The Poorman group promises
to be one of the richest copper mines in
the great copper belt of Eastern Ore
gon. The company now has a double
shift at work.
Willamette Rally Off Till June.
Willamette University, Salem An
nouncement is made that the big rally
in connection with the new building
and its unknown donor, which had
been scheduled for April 3, has befn
postponed until next June. The meet
ing, which was for the purpose of mak
ing announcements, boosting the en
dowment fund, and formulating plans,
cannot be held, as all the plans contem
plated will not be completed by that
Ned Smith for Sheep Inspector.
Salem A committee consisting of a
number of Benton county sheepmen
waited on Commissioner Steusloff and
asked him to appoint Ned Smith, of
Corvallis, as one of the district inspect
ors cf sheep, there being three to ap
point. Mr. Steusloff has taken Mr.
Smith's application under advisement,
and will probably give him the position.
Wheat Club, 73c; bluestem, 75c;
valley, 70c; red, 71c. .
Oats No. 1 white, $2930; gray,
Barley Feed, $22.50 per ton; brew
ing, $23; rolled, $23.5024.50.
Eye $1.451.50 perewt.
Corn Whole, $25 ; cracked. $26 per
Hay Valley timothy, No. 1, $1516
per ton; Eastern Oregon timothy, $17
18; clover, $9; cheat, $9; giain hay,
$310; alfalfa, $14.
Butter Fancy creamery, 3537c
Butter Fat First grade cream, 36c
per pound; second grade cream, 2c less
per pound. K
Poultry Average old hens, 15c per
pound; mixed chickens. 14c; spring,
fryers and broilers, 2022c; old
roostets, 1012c; dressed chickens, 16
17c; turkeys, live, 1315c; turkeys,
dressed, choice, 1820c; geese, live,
8c; ducks, 1618c.
Eggs Oregon ranch, 23c per dozen.
Apples Common, 75o$1.25 per
box; choice, $1.502.
Vegetables Turnips, $11.25 per
sack; carrots, $11.25 per sack; beets;
$1.251.50 per sack; hoiseradish, 7
8c per pound; cauliflower, $2.50 per
dozen; celery, $4 per crate; lettuce,
head, 3545c per dozen; onions, 10
12o per dozen ; sprouts, 9c per pound;
radishes, 30c per dozen; asparagus, 12
15c per pound; rhubarb, $2.252.50
Onions Oregon, $1.101. 35 per hun
Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, fancv,
$1.501.75; No. 1 choice, $1.251.40.
Veal Dressed, 59c per pound.
Beef Dressed bulls, 33$c per
pound ; cows, 56c ; country steers,
Mutton Dressed, fancy, 1010c
per pound; ordinary, 89c; spring
Pork Dressed, 69c per pound.
Hops 8llc per pound, according
Wool Eastern Oregon average best,
1318c per pound, according to shrink
age; valley, 2023c, according to fine
ness; mohair, choice, 2829c per
Medical Scientists are Satisfied Their
Experiments are Success.
Boston, Marh 26. Hope for suffer
ers from the great white plague is held
out by the success of experiments with
vaccine inoculation as a cure for tuber
culosis, not only of lungs, but on other
organs of the body, by the faculty of
Tufts College Medical school and path
ological department of the Massachu
setts general hospital.
The treatment has already been test
ed In the case of Mrs. Curtis Guild, jr.,
wife of Governor Guild, with most en
At Tufts Medical school the work has
been in charge of Dr. Timothy Leary,
professor of pathology and bacteriology
in the Massachusetts General hospital,
and Dr. James Homer Wright. Dr.
Wright calls the treatment "the Op
sonic method," from the fact that the
opsonins in the human body are stimu
lated to greater activity.
In the case of disease when danger
ous bacteria attack the body, the op
sonins set to work to destroy the bac
teria. If they succeed, the patient re
covers, but if they fail, the disease pre
gresses and the deadly absorption cf
the vital organs begins.
Dr. Leary says of the preventative
with which he is experimenting:
"What we are trying to do, and what
others in every part of the medical and
scientific wcrld are at work trying to
do, is to elaborate a specific which will
so strengthen powers of the human
blood that their resistance to the in
roads of disease will not only be in
creased but prolonged; which will
make them immune against the inroads
of the bacteria and keep them up to
the point which they must possess in
order to perform the work for which
they were intended by nature."
FEAR REVOLT IN CHINA.
Spirt of Rebellion Growing Rife in
Washington, March 26. From
Shanghai advices received at the State
department it appears that the ruling
dynasty in China is seriously alarmed
over the effect of the spread of famine
through the country and the opportuni
ty it offers to seditionary societies to
enlist converts to their cause directed
against the government.
The government's inability to re
lieve suffering, it is said, has been
magnified and the hardships cf the peo
ple attributed to lack of sympathy by
the government for the poor classes.
The information indicates that a pro
paganda has been organized to further
the circulation of stories of the charact
er outlined, and it is said that State
department officials fear that a spread
of hysteria may engender a general up
rising. If such should be, the result,
there is danger that the government
might not be able to control the situa
tion. American and other foreign in
terests then will be jeopardized. So
great is the concern that diplomatic
and consular officials In China have
been instructed to keep Washington ad
vised of every turn in the situation.
Commissioner Gallagher Took Fees
From Fellow Grafters.
San Francisco, March 26. A feature
of the boodling operations of the super
visors not hitherto exposed and which
surpasses in genuine cuesedness any
thing yet revealed, came out today
when it was learned that Supervisor
Gallagher, who acted as distributer of
the swag, charged his fellow supervisors
a commission of 5 per cent on all bood
le he collected for them.
Gallagher admits it in his confession.
He said he did it because of the expense
he was put to in the way of car fare
and the risks involved. Gallagher hot
ly defended himself when questioned in
the grand jury room about the practice.
He said he thought he was honestly en
titled to the brokers' commission. In
some cases, he said, his colleagues pro
tested, but he informed them that if he
was not to get the commission they
would not get the boodle.
Although Louis Glass, of the Pacific
States Telephone company, and Abram
Detwiller, of the Home Telephone com
pany, the two indicted magnates, have
not been apprehended by the police, no
fear is felt by the prosecution as it is
believed that both men will surrender.
To Increase Direct Tax.
Lyons, March 26. Minister of Fi
nance Calliu made a great speech here
today defining the government's eco
nomic policy as directed toward the
gradual diminution of indirect taxation
and the substitution of a direct tax pro
portionate to the means of the tax
payer. The income tax, he said, was
the first great etep in this direction.
He was willing to modify the measure,
he said, for he did not pretend it could
not be improved, but he insisted that
the principle remain intact as at pres
Australian Mails Delayed.
London, March 26. The Postoffice
department annnnrict-s that the Steam
ship service between New Zealand and
San Francisco having stopped, no mails
will be sent or received by that route
until further notice. Mails for New
Zealand now go by the Suez canal.
NEWS FROM THE
COAL ROADS BROUGHT TO TIME
Indiana and Illinois Lines Adopt Gov
Washington, March 29. Prompt ac
ion by the Interstate Commerce com
mission has tvjrted what might have
developed into a serious clash between
the coal shippers and the railroads of
Indiana and Illinois. On March 15 the
Indiana Railroad commission, the Unit
ed Mineworkers and representative coal
opeiators of Indiana and Illinois com
plained to the commission that the
carriers had given notice of an advance
of 2 cents a ton on coal from. Indiana
and Illinois points to Chicago. Such
an advance, they pointed out, would
seriously affect both miners and opera
tors. The question of filing a formal
complaint against the railroads was
considered by the delegation. An inti
mation also was made that proceedings
would be instituted against the carriers
for violation of the anti-trust law.
Since that time the commission has
been in communication with all the
presidents interested, and in the words
of Chairman Knapp, "certain sugges
tions" were made to the railroads. It
was announced by the commission to
day that repiles to the communication
had been received from the interested
lines and that the determination to
make the proposed advance in the coal
rates had been reconsidered and aband
oned. Can Sell Relinquishment.
Washington, March 27. Announc
ing the opinion of the court in favor of
Flahiy, in the case of Edward H. Love
vs. Annie Flahiv, involving a contest
over land in Missoula county, Mon
tana, Justice Brewer, of the Supreme
court of the United States, today laid
down some general principles regarding
the relinquishment of homestead ap
plications and the sale of land taken
up under the homestead law before the
issuance of the patent. On that point
the court held that relinquishments
can be sold.
Turns More Money Loose.
Washington, March 28. Under in
structions recently issued, collectors of
customs throughout the country were
directed to deposit their customs re
ceipts in the regular depositories. This,
however, did not embrace the so-called
subtreasury cities. These instructions
have been today enlarged by the secre
tary so that the public deposits with
national bank depositories in New York
city will at once be increased about
$15,000,000 from customs receipts un
der the provisions' of the act of March
Cattle Grazing on Reserves
Washington, March 29. The Forest
service today announces that 1,388,300
cattle and horses and 4,895,020 sheep
will be permitted to graze on Western
forest reserves during 1907, of which
100,500 cattle and horses and 731,000
sheep will be permitted in Oregon;
52,500 cattle and 119,000 sheep in
Washington. Livestock which has
heretofore regularly used the range in
the recently created reserves and four
additions in Oregon will be permitted
to graze free during the present season.
Don't Make Rural Carriers Trouble.
Washington, March 29. A decision
rendered today by Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General Degraw insists upon
an adherence to the regulations requir
ing that boxes on rural mail routes
shall be erected by the roadside, so that
carriers can easily obtain access to them
without deviating from their routes or
dismouning from their vehicles. Fail
ure to comply, the decision states, is
likely to result in the discontinuance of
the delivery of mail.
Roosevelt Talks Railroads.
Washington, March 28. President
Roosevelt discussed various features of
the railroad situation at a conference
with a number of his advisers at the
White House today. They included
Secretaries Root Cortelyou and Gar
field, and Interstate Commerce Com
missioners Clark and Lane. Those
present admitted that the conference
had to do with railroad matters.
Plan for 1908 Campaign.
Washington, March 26. Secretary
of the Treasury Cortelyou and Timothy
Woorduff, of New York, chairman of
the Republican State committee of New
York, were in conference with the pres
ident at the White House for more than
two hours tonight. Mr. Woodruff said
the conference related to presidential
campaign plans for 1908, but that can
didates were not discussed.
Portland Man After Good Jod.
Washington March 28. Richard
Nixon, of Portland, son-in-law of Mrs.
Dolph, is a candidate for the secretary
ship of the immigration commission,
which will go abroad this summer to
study immigration problems.
New Land Office Appointee.
Washington, March 27. Harry H
Schwartz, of South Dakota, was toda;
appointed chief of the special field sor
vice, division of the general land office.
MORE DELEGATES TO Bt SENT.
Roosevelt to Strengthen Hague Mis
sionDate Still Uudecidbd.
Washington, March 30. President
Roosevelt has concluded to increase the
number of American delegates to the
second Hague conference, a proceeding
which will not have any effect, how-
ever, upon the disposition of the var
ious projects that will be considered at
that gathering, because each nation
represented is entilted to tut one vote.
But because of the complexity and im
portance of the programme, it is felt
by the president that the American del
egation should be enlarged to permit of
a sub-division into committees if need
When the announcement was made
last June of the intention to hold a
second conference, it was also stated
that American would be represented by
General Horace Porter, formerly am
bassador to France; Joseph H. Choat,
formerly ambassador to England, and
Judge U. M. Rose, of Little Rock,
Ark., formerly president of the Ameri
can Bar association. The president and
Secretary Root have already selected
the additional delegates, but it is not
deemed proper to announce the names
in advance of formal notice that the
second conference actually is to be held.
For, notwithstanding the fact that now
scarcely more than 60 days is to inter
vene between this date and the date
suggested by the government of The
Netherlands as suitable for the begin
ning of the conference at The Hague,
possibly through some oversight hte
formal invitations to the nations to par
ticipate have not been issued.
INCREASED MEAT EXPORTS.
Total Value of Products Sent Out
Last Year $250,000,000.
Washington, March 26. The tota'
exportations of meat and dairy products
and food animals from the United
States last year aggregated over $250,
000,000 in value, according to a state
ment issued bv the bureau of statistics
of the department of Commerce and
This represents an increase of $76,
000,000, or 45 per cent, during the de
cade from 1896 to 1906. More than
60 per cent of last year's exports went
to the United Kingdom. Of the $250,
000,000 worth of meats, dairy pro
ducts and food animals pssing out of
the United States last year, $40,000,
000 was in live animals, $58,000,000
in lard, $36,000,000 in bacon, $25,000,
000 in fresh beef, $21,000,000 in hams,
$18,000,000 in oleomargarine, $14,000,
000 in pork other than bacon and hams,
$4,500,000 in butter and $2,500,000
Soldiers Had Shotguns, Too.
Washington, March 28. The cross
examination of Thomas Taylor, former
ly of Company F, Twenty-fifth infantry,
was resumed today when the senate
committee on military affairs again
took up its investigation of the "shoot
ing up" of Brownsville, Tex. When
asked concerning the issue of extra am
munition to soldiers when they desired
to go hunting, Taylor said he had nev
er secured any, .because he always took
one of three shotguns belonging to his
company. This is the first admission
since the investigation was begun that
the company had shotguns in its pos
session. Joseph L. Wilson, company
B, gave testimony concerning events of
the night of August 13, when the
shooting occurred, similar to that given
Arrange for Summer Camps.
Washington, March 28. Brigadier
General Murray, chief of artillery, has
requested the adjutant general to in
struct the commanding officers of the
artillery districts to put himself in di
rect communication with the state au
thorities with a view to ascertaining
the details of their plans and in order
to render them such assistance as may
be practicable in connection with ar
rangements for transporting, employ
ing, subsistence, instructing and return
ing to their homes in safety such troops
as may participate therein.
Northwest Postal Affairs.
Washington, March 28. Charles E,
Hartley has been appointed regular,
John Naff substitute, rural carrier,
route 1, Republic, Wash. Katherina
G. Wood has been appointed postmast
erat Foreston, Snohomish county,
Wash., vice William Nash, resigned.
Advance Eight-Hour Cases.
Washington, March 27. In the Su
preme court of the United States Solic
itor General Hoyt made a motion today
for the advancement on the docket of
several cases against dredging compan
ies on the charge of violating the eight
Battleship Plans Ready.
Washington, March 26. Plans and
specifications for the two battleships
authorized by the last session of con
gress will be ready for competitive bid
ding April 1.