NEW SURE. FOR WHITE PLAGUE. I J... J LLLl J.l II .i l l i i OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST EARLY DAY POSTOFFICES. Inspector Richles Comet Into Pos 1 session of Interestiug Relic. Portland Postoffice Inspector Rich ies, of this city, owns a ccpy of a "Lint of Postolfices of the United States," which was Issued by tho government in 1802. The list has been, until recent ly, in the possession of John Ileddon, postmaster at Scottsburg, Douglas coun ty, Oregon, who had It from the gov ernment noon after its publication. Home time a(io he gave it to Inspector Richlos on the occasion of an official visit to that office by the latter. Scottsburg is one of the oldest post offices in the state, and Mr. Iledden was its first postmaHter. In 1802 Ore gon had 50 postoflices. In Multnomah county thore were three, Portland, fcpringvillo and Handy. Polk county lod in the number of postofiiees, having 13. Marion county came next, with 10. "Wuscopuin" county is credited with one, and Wasco county with one. Waseopum county's office appears on the list as Hood itiver. There were 20 counties in Oregon in 1802 in 1802; the state having made a gain of 13 counties in since that time. NUMEROUS SITES OFFERED. State Board to Select Land for Insti . tute for Feeble Minded. Salem At a special meeting of the members of tho board for the feeble minded institute, a voluminous list of tracts of land sites for the construction of the new buildings was presented by the owners for the consideration of the board. Maps, blue prints and descrip tions of many desirable places were laid before them. In fact, the table around which Governor Chamberlain, State Treasurer Steel and Acting Secretary of State Benson sat was piled so high with documonts that the board decided to appoint a spocjal committee to ex amine each tract of land separately, se lect the most desirable, secure the best prices and report to the board at the earliest opportunity. Beg to Get Deeds. Salem Jacob D. Holtzerman, of Minneapolis, attorney for the holders of 14 Kelliher-Turner school land cer tificates, covering about 2,800 acres located in Southern Oregon, appeared before the state land board at a recent special meeting in the interest of his clients, who want deeds to the land. Most of them live at Dayton, Ohio. These certificates were among those is sued upon what is known as the Kelli-lier-Turner applications, which were alleged by ex-State Land Agent Oswald West to have been forgeries, and upon being investigated by the Marion coun ty grand jury during the month of April, 1905, were eo reported to the state land board. Parents and Teachers Organize. The Dalles The Teachers' and Pat rons' Educational association, organ ized March 8, now has 125 patrons, as the result of circular letters sent out by the city superintendent to ascertain the sentiment of the people relative to school and home co-operation. The object of the association is to encourage a better school spirit in The Dalles; to bring the parents -and teachers closer together in a social way ; to discuss, freely and fully, all matters pertaining to school life, and to. recommend such reforms in the schools of The Dalles as will meet the requirements of the pres ent and provide for the future. Terminal Rates for Baker. Baker City With a view of taking up a fight for terminal rates for Baker City, the Merchant' association has appointed a committee to plan the or ganization of a local shipping bureau. The committee is meeting with marked success, and the bureau will be estab lished within a short time. This bu reau will be under the management of a rate expert, who will compile local complaints against the railroad and put them into shape to submit to the state railroad commission. Rich Strike in Pine Valley. Baker City The richness of the plac er gold mines at old Auburn and even the wealth of the California placers are rivaled by reports of the strike recently made by Blair, Herbert and Underwood in the Seven Devils district. Pine Vailey, about 00 miles east of Baker City, is the place where the discovery was made, and those who have been on the scene predict that it will be one of the greatest placer camps in the West. Arousing Interest In Horticnlture. Oregon City Professor E. R. Lake, of the forestry and botanical depart ment of the Oregon Agricultural college at Corvallis, and, W. K. Newell, presi dent of the state board of horticulture, will be among the speakers at the next meeting of the Clackamas County Hor ticultural society, which will be held in this city Saturday, April 13. PROBE FOR LAND FRAUDS. Another Federal Grand Jury Begins Sessions In April. Portland Within two weeks another Federal giand jury will begin to grind on'Oregon land frauds. The jury will be summoned soon and the old as well as tho now cases that have been inves tigated by and through the United States district attorney's office and by the agents of Special Inspector Thomas B. Nouhansen, together witli the cases that have been worked up by Edward W. Dixon, in charge of the special agent for Oregon, will be laid before the jurors. When Francis J. Heney left Portland to tear the lid off of graft in San Fran cisco, he left a number of land fraud cases, evidence in which was already in the hands of the United States attor ney, to be brought to the attention of a grand jury. Since his departure the work of investigating new cases of fraud has been going on and when the jury gets into action it will have a long.' ses sion. Among the cases of alleged fraud that will be brought to the attention of the jury are those said to have been discov ered in and around Pendleton. To this list will be added others that rumor says involve a number of prominent men, not only in Oregon, but in several other states, Work on the Poorman Group. Baker City That there are 100,000 tons of copper ore assaying $14 a ton lying at the surface on the Poorman group of claims, is the declaration of Manager Arthur, of the mines, who lias just returned from the property. There are outcroppings assaying from 2 to 5 per cent in copper, the greatest in Oregon. The Poorman group promises to be one of the richest copper mines in the great copper belt of Eastern Ore gon. The company now has a double shift at work. Willamette Rally Off Till June. Willamette University, Salem An nouncement is made that the big rally in connection with the new building and its unknown donor, which had been scheduled for April 3, has befn postponed until next June. The meet ing, which was for the purpose of mak ing announcements, boosting the en dowment fund, and formulating plans, cannot be held, as all the plans contem plated will not be completed by that time. Ned Smith for Sheep Inspector. Salem A committee consisting of a number of Benton county sheepmen waited on Commissioner Steusloff and asked him to appoint Ned Smith, of Corvallis, as one of the district inspect ors cf sheep, there being three to ap point. Mr. Steusloff has taken Mr. Smith's application under advisement, and will probably give him the position. PORTLAND MARKETS. Wheat Club, 73c; bluestem, 75c; valley, 70c; red, 71c. . Oats No. 1 white, $2930; gray, $2829. Barley Feed, $22.50 per ton; brew ing, $23; rolled, $23.5024.50. Eye $1.451.50 perewt. Corn Whole, $25 ; cracked. $26 per ton. Hay Valley timothy, No. 1, $1516 per ton; Eastern Oregon timothy, $17 18; clover, $9; cheat, $9; giain hay, $310; alfalfa, $14. Butter Fancy creamery, 3537c per pound. Butter Fat First grade cream, 36c per pound; second grade cream, 2c less per pound. K Poultry Average old hens, 15c per pound; mixed chickens. 14c; spring, fryers and broilers, 2022c; old roostets, 1012c; dressed chickens, 16 17c; turkeys, live, 1315c; turkeys, dressed, choice, 1820c; geese, live, 8c; ducks, 1618c. Eggs Oregon ranch, 23c per dozen. Apples Common, 75o$1.25 per box; choice, $1.502. Vegetables Turnips, $11.25 per sack; carrots, $11.25 per sack; beets; $1.251.50 per sack; hoiseradish, 7 8c per pound; cauliflower, $2.50 per dozen; celery, $4 per crate; lettuce, head, 3545c per dozen; onions, 10 12o per dozen ; sprouts, 9c per pound; radishes, 30c per dozen; asparagus, 12 15c per pound; rhubarb, $2.252.50 per box. Onions Oregon, $1.101. 35 per hun dred. . Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, fancv, $1.501.75; No. 1 choice, $1.251.40. Veal Dressed, 59c per pound. Beef Dressed bulls, 33$c per pound ; cows, 56c ; country steers, 67c. Mutton Dressed, fancy, 1010c per pound; ordinary, 89c; spring lambs, 1516c. Pork Dressed, 69c per pound. Hops 8llc per pound, according to quality. Wool Eastern Oregon average best, 1318c per pound, according to shrink age; valley, 2023c, according to fine ness; mohair, choice, 2829c per pound. Medical Scientists are Satisfied Their Experiments are Success. Boston, Marh 26. Hope for suffer ers from the great white plague is held out by the success of experiments with vaccine inoculation as a cure for tuber culosis, not only of lungs, but on other organs of the body, by the faculty of Tufts College Medical school and path ological department of the Massachu setts general hospital. The treatment has already been test ed In the case of Mrs. Curtis Guild, jr., wife of Governor Guild, with most en couraging results. At Tufts Medical school the work has been in charge of Dr. Timothy Leary, professor of pathology and bacteriology in the Massachusetts General hospital, and Dr. James Homer Wright. Dr. Wright calls the treatment "the Op sonic method," from the fact that the opsonins in the human body are stimu lated to greater activity. In the case of disease when danger ous bacteria attack the body, the op sonins set to work to destroy the bac teria. If they succeed, the patient re covers, but if they fail, the disease pre gresses and the deadly absorption cf the vital organs begins. Dr. Leary says of the preventative with which he is experimenting: "What we are trying to do, and what others in every part of the medical and scientific wcrld are at work trying to do, is to elaborate a specific which will so strengthen powers of the human blood that their resistance to the in roads of disease will not only be in creased but prolonged; which will make them immune against the inroads of the bacteria and keep them up to the point which they must possess in order to perform the work for which they were intended by nature." FEAR REVOLT IN CHINA. Spirt of Rebellion Growing Rife in Famine Districts. Washington, March 26. From Shanghai advices received at the State department it appears that the ruling dynasty in China is seriously alarmed over the effect of the spread of famine through the country and the opportuni ty it offers to seditionary societies to enlist converts to their cause directed against the government. The government's inability to re lieve suffering, it is said, has been magnified and the hardships cf the peo ple attributed to lack of sympathy by the government for the poor classes. The information indicates that a pro paganda has been organized to further the circulation of stories of the charact er outlined, and it is said that State department officials fear that a spread of hysteria may engender a general up rising. If such should be, the result, there is danger that the government might not be able to control the situa tion. American and other foreign in terests then will be jeopardized. So great is the concern that diplomatic and consular officials In China have been instructed to keep Washington ad vised of every turn in the situation. CHARGED TOLL. Commissioner Gallagher Took Fees From Fellow Grafters. San Francisco, March 26. A feature of the boodling operations of the super visors not hitherto exposed and which surpasses in genuine cuesedness any thing yet revealed, came out today when it was learned that Supervisor Gallagher, who acted as distributer of the swag, charged his fellow supervisors a commission of 5 per cent on all bood le he collected for them. Gallagher admits it in his confession. He said he did it because of the expense he was put to in the way of car fare and the risks involved. Gallagher hot ly defended himself when questioned in the grand jury room about the practice. He said he thought he was honestly en titled to the brokers' commission. In some cases, he said, his colleagues pro tested, but he informed them that if he was not to get the commission they would not get the boodle. Although Louis Glass, of the Pacific States Telephone company, and Abram Detwiller, of the Home Telephone com pany, the two indicted magnates, have not been apprehended by the police, no fear is felt by the prosecution as it is believed that both men will surrender. To Increase Direct Tax. Lyons, March 26. Minister of Fi nance Calliu made a great speech here today defining the government's eco nomic policy as directed toward the gradual diminution of indirect taxation and the substitution of a direct tax pro portionate to the means of the tax payer. The income tax, he said, was the first great etep in this direction. He was willing to modify the measure, he said, for he did not pretend it could not be improved, but he insisted that the principle remain intact as at pres ent enforced. Australian Mails Delayed. London, March 26. The Postoffice department annnnrict-s that the Steam ship service between New Zealand and San Francisco having stopped, no mails will be sent or received by that route until further notice. Mails for New Zealand now go by the Suez canal. NEWS FROM THE COAL ROADS BROUGHT TO TIME Indiana and Illinois Lines Adopt Gov ernment "Suggestions." Washington, March 29. Prompt ac ion by the Interstate Commerce com mission has tvjrted what might have developed into a serious clash between the coal shippers and the railroads of Indiana and Illinois. On March 15 the Indiana Railroad commission, the Unit ed Mineworkers and representative coal opeiators of Indiana and Illinois com plained to the commission that the carriers had given notice of an advance of 2 cents a ton on coal from. Indiana and Illinois points to Chicago. Such an advance, they pointed out, would seriously affect both miners and opera tors. The question of filing a formal complaint against the railroads was considered by the delegation. An inti mation also was made that proceedings would be instituted against the carriers for violation of the anti-trust law. Since that time the commission has been in communication with all the presidents interested, and in the words of Chairman Knapp, "certain sugges tions" were made to the railroads. It was announced by the commission to day that repiles to the communication had been received from the interested lines and that the determination to make the proposed advance in the coal rates had been reconsidered and aband oned. Can Sell Relinquishment. Washington, March 27. Announc ing the opinion of the court in favor of Flahiy, in the case of Edward H. Love vs. Annie Flahiv, involving a contest over land in Missoula county, Mon tana, Justice Brewer, of the Supreme court of the United States, today laid down some general principles regarding the relinquishment of homestead ap plications and the sale of land taken up under the homestead law before the issuance of the patent. On that point the court held that relinquishments can be sold. Turns More Money Loose. Washington, March 28. Under in structions recently issued, collectors of customs throughout the country were directed to deposit their customs re ceipts in the regular depositories. This, however, did not embrace the so-called subtreasury cities. These instructions have been today enlarged by the secre tary so that the public deposits with national bank depositories in New York city will at once be increased about $15,000,000 from customs receipts un der the provisions' of the act of March 4, 1907. Cattle Grazing on Reserves Washington, March 29. The Forest service today announces that 1,388,300 cattle and horses and 4,895,020 sheep will be permitted to graze on Western forest reserves during 1907, of which 100,500 cattle and horses and 731,000 sheep will be permitted in Oregon; 52,500 cattle and 119,000 sheep in Washington. Livestock which has heretofore regularly used the range in the recently created reserves and four additions in Oregon will be permitted to graze free during the present season. Don't Make Rural Carriers Trouble. Washington, March 29. A decision rendered today by Fourth Assistant Postmaster General Degraw insists upon an adherence to the regulations requir ing that boxes on rural mail routes shall be erected by the roadside, so that carriers can easily obtain access to them without deviating from their routes or dismouning from their vehicles. Fail ure to comply, the decision states, is likely to result in the discontinuance of the delivery of mail. Roosevelt Talks Railroads. Washington, March 28. President Roosevelt discussed various features of the railroad situation at a conference with a number of his advisers at the White House today. They included Secretaries Root Cortelyou and Gar field, and Interstate Commerce Com missioners Clark and Lane. Those present admitted that the conference had to do with railroad matters. Plan for 1908 Campaign. Washington, March 26. Secretary of the Treasury Cortelyou and Timothy Woorduff, of New York, chairman of the Republican State committee of New York, were in conference with the pres ident at the White House for more than two hours tonight. Mr. Woodruff said the conference related to presidential campaign plans for 1908, but that can didates were not discussed. Portland Man After Good Jod. Washington March 28. Richard Nixon, of Portland, son-in-law of Mrs. Dolph, is a candidate for the secretary ship of the immigration commission, which will go abroad this summer to study immigration problems. New Land Office Appointee. Washington, March 27. Harry H Schwartz, of South Dakota, was toda; appointed chief of the special field sor vice, division of the general land office. NATIONAL CAPITAL MORE DELEGATES TO Bt SENT. Roosevelt to Strengthen Hague Mis sionDate Still Uudecidbd. Washington, March 30. President Roosevelt has concluded to increase the number of American delegates to the second Hague conference, a proceeding which will not have any effect, how- ever, upon the disposition of the var ious projects that will be considered at that gathering, because each nation represented is entilted to tut one vote. But because of the complexity and im portance of the programme, it is felt by the president that the American del egation should be enlarged to permit of a sub-division into committees if need be. When the announcement was made last June of the intention to hold a second conference, it was also stated that American would be represented by General Horace Porter, formerly am bassador to France; Joseph H. Choat, formerly ambassador to England, and Judge U. M. Rose, of Little Rock, Ark., formerly president of the Ameri can Bar association. The president and Secretary Root have already selected the additional delegates, but it is not deemed proper to announce the names in advance of formal notice that the second conference actually is to be held. For, notwithstanding the fact that now scarcely more than 60 days is to inter vene between this date and the date suggested by the government of The Netherlands as suitable for the begin ning of the conference at The Hague, possibly through some oversight hte formal invitations to the nations to par ticipate have not been issued. INCREASED MEAT EXPORTS. Total Value of Products Sent Out Last Year $250,000,000. Washington, March 26. The tota' exportations of meat and dairy products and food animals from the United States last year aggregated over $250, 000,000 in value, according to a state ment issued bv the bureau of statistics of the department of Commerce and Labor. This represents an increase of $76, 000,000, or 45 per cent, during the de cade from 1896 to 1906. More than 60 per cent of last year's exports went to the United Kingdom. Of the $250, 000,000 worth of meats, dairy pro ducts and food animals pssing out of the United States last year, $40,000, 000 was in live animals, $58,000,000 in lard, $36,000,000 in bacon, $25,000, 000 in fresh beef, $21,000,000 in hams, $18,000,000 in oleomargarine, $14,000, 000 in pork other than bacon and hams, $4,500,000 in butter and $2,500,000 in cheese. Soldiers Had Shotguns, Too. Washington, March 28. The cross examination of Thomas Taylor, former ly of Company F, Twenty-fifth infantry, was resumed today when the senate committee on military affairs again took up its investigation of the "shoot ing up" of Brownsville, Tex. When asked concerning the issue of extra am munition to soldiers when they desired to go hunting, Taylor said he had nev er secured any, .because he always took one of three shotguns belonging to his company. This is the first admission since the investigation was begun that the company had shotguns in its pos session. Joseph L. Wilson, company B, gave testimony concerning events of the night of August 13, when the shooting occurred, similar to that given by Taylor. Arrange for Summer Camps. Washington, March 28. Brigadier General Murray, chief of artillery, has requested the adjutant general to in struct the commanding officers of the artillery districts to put himself in di rect communication with the state au thorities with a view to ascertaining the details of their plans and in order to render them such assistance as may be practicable in connection with ar rangements for transporting, employ ing, subsistence, instructing and return ing to their homes in safety such troops as may participate therein. Northwest Postal Affairs. Washington, March 28. Charles E, Hartley has been appointed regular, John Naff substitute, rural carrier, route 1, Republic, Wash. Katherina G. Wood has been appointed postmast erat Foreston, Snohomish county, Wash., vice William Nash, resigned. Advance Eight-Hour Cases. Washington, March 27. In the Su preme court of the United States Solic itor General Hoyt made a motion today for the advancement on the docket of several cases against dredging compan ies on the charge of violating the eight hour law. Battleship Plans Ready. Washington, March 26. Plans and specifications for the two battleships authorized by the last session of con gress will be ready for competitive bid ding April 1.