Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1926)
Volume 43, Number 9.
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, May 27, 1926
Subscription $2.00 a Year
17 HIGH SCHOOL
Story of Gilliam Family Recalled
At Time of Wells Springs Service
Mrs. Elizabeth Collins, Daughter of Cornelius Gilliam, Gave This History to
Sarah Childress Polk Chapter D. A. R., Previous to Her Death in 1925;
Captain Gilliam Was Killed in the Indian War of 1848 at Wells Springs.
Pendleton Man Outdis
tances Stanfield, His
LEAD IN STATE 10,741
Patterson Gets Nomination by Ma
jority Vote Over Two Opponents;
Haney and Pierce Winners.
The primary election passed oft"
quietly in Morrow county, as it did
apparently all over the state, and af
ter the battle of ballots was ended
the results were known by midnight,
the radio station KGW at the Ore-
gonian office broadcasting the vote
as fast as reported to them from the
various centers, and the local fans
picking up the returns. It was soon
manifest that Frederick Steiwer of
Pendleton had won the republican
nomination for senator, anu I. L. Tat
terson was leading big in the race for
governor. Other contests appeared
to be closer, and it took several days
to determine who the winners were
In the democrtaie primary, Bert Ha
ney was winner over Watkins. This
had been a battle royal, at least on
the part of Watkins, and it looked
for a time as though he was to be
the nominee, having carried Multno
mah couny, but the up-state vote put
Haney over. Governor Pierce had no
trouble in besting his opponent, win
ning by a large majority. The vote
in the state, however, was compara
tively light, as may be shown by the
complete vote on senator, governor
ind school superintendent in the re
For senator Barrett received 3,230,
Clark 21,288, Crossley 9,660, Evey 1,.
067,f Sandblast 14.706, Stanfield 29,-
Bieiwer 4U,iz; stelwer's plural
ity being 10,741.
For governor, Carter 21,174, Patter
son 62,657, Upton 38,634. Patterson'i
For state superintendent, Alderson
"U.164, Bryant 11,338, Howard 45,366,
Farrott 16.610, Tooie 16,036. Howard's
For these offices in the democratic
primary the vote stood for the state:
Senator, Haney 17,698, Watkins 15,.
860. Haney's lead, with one precinct
yet to be reported is 2338,
Governor, Pierce 23,880, Weber 9,-
753. With one precinct yet to be re
ported, Governor Pierce had a lead of
14,127, which will not be materially
changed one way or the other.
State superintendent, McLaughlin
14.729, Turner 14,812, giving him
lead at present of 83 votes. This is
the closest race reported on the state
ticket by either party, and during the
week as the vote came in first on
was ahead and then the other. At
this time, however, Turner seems to
be winner in the finals.
In Morrow county the vote was
proportionately light. We give the
totals on each office as cast here, and
while the omcial count was not com
pleted, yet there is no probability
that there will be any alteration of
United States Senator, republican
Barrett 6, Clark 16, Crossley 16, Evey
6, Sandblast 22, Shumway 103, Stan
field 157, Steiwer 297. Democratic:
Haney 109, Watkins 54.
Governor, republican: Carter 76,
Patterson 238, Upton 265. Democrat
ic: Pierce 141, Weber 29.
Justice of supreme court: Bean
B00, Brown 327, McBride 366, Shep
herd 152. No candidates appeared on
dmeocrntic ticket for these offices.
School superintendent, republican:
Alderson 112, Bryant 66, Howard 197,
Parrott 88, Tooze 105. Democratic:
McLaughlin 78, Turnr 81.
For national commtiteeman there
was on contest on the republican
ticket. The vote on the democratic
ticket was King 32, Miller 62, West
For joint representative, Umatilla
and Morrow counties, Gilliland 263,
Ritner 279. This gives Ritner a lead
of 16 in this county and reports from
Umatilla put him ahead 94, making
his majority for the two counties 110.
There was no contest on the other
offices in either republican or demo
cratic primaries. In our next issue
we shall be able to give the vote by
precincts as shown by the official
count, and this will contain the en
tire number of votes cast for each
candidate, regardless of whether he
had opposition or not.
NO EVIDENCE OF STRUGGLE.
In writing the account of the mur
der and suicide down at Castle Rock,
last issue, it was stated that there
appeared some evidence that there
had been a struggle between John
Marshall and his wife, Annie, be
cause of what appeared to be bruises
on one of the woman's arms. Our
account was written upon information
furnished ub the morning following
the tragedy. When preparing the
bodies for burial, Undertaker Case
found no marks or bruises on the
body of either victim, and it is there
fore concluded that no struggle had
taken place previous to the shooting
of the woman by Marshall. We make
this statement in the interest of ac
curacy and that a wrong impression
might not be given as to the motive
for the deed.
Mrs. Wm. "Buck" Padberg, who has
been 111 at the home of her parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Dell Allstott in this
city, is now greatly improved .and
ahould bo able to return home in a
day or so.
FOR SALE 136 head of fine wool
yearling ewes. Phone 2F6. W. B.
J3ARRATT & SON.
EDITOR'S NOTE This history
of the Gilliam family as compiled
by Blanche Eaken for the Sarah
Childress Polk County Chapter
D. A. R., and printed in the Polk
County Observer, is appropriate
at this time, as on Sunday, June
6, a marker will be dedicated at
Wells Springs, the scene of the
death of Cornelius Gilliam, head
of the family whose story is re
called. Cornelius Gilliam, an
uncle of Frank Gilliam of this
city, was killed at Wells Springs
in the Indian war of 1848 while
leading a band of volunteers.
(From Polk County Observer.)
I was born in Missouri in the year
1839, and was only a little girl, five
years old when we made the long, long
journey across the plains to Oregon.
and I can only remember the exciting
things that happened along the way,
the little things, that impressed me
to and have staid with me all these
It was in the year 1844, that we
started from Missouri, with our ox
teams and wagons, slowly wending
our way over the rough, untraveled
trail, seeing only Indian camus and
herds of buffalo. I will never forget
me Dunaio and my fear of them,
often heard the men in our company
talking and when those great herds
would gather round us, 'watching with
mat unwelcome look in their eyes.
there was an uneasy feeling among
us that they might stampeed our
My father, Cornelius Gilliam, was
Captain of our train, and took the re
sponsibility, and led us through to
our destiny, borne times we camned
with captain rord s company, but for
days and weeks we were alone, trav
eling over the weary way.
Any house or building was of great
interest to us, for we saw so few. and
I can remember that we all went to
take a look at Fort Hall, as we passed
it on our way.
Before we reached The Dallii,
were met on the trail by some of the
r.nglish from Vancouver: thev had
wrought up some provisions, some
dried fruit and salt pork, and a kc.
of very stale butter; we had plenty of
bacon and often killed a deer, but
were glad to get the pork and dried
nen we reached The Ua lies one
of the things that impressed me that
I remember so distinctly was a great
pile of dried salmon which the Indi
ans had dried. You know things al
ways look larger to us when we are
children, but as I remember it now, it
looked as large as Lee Fenton's two
story house. The Indians had dried
the big sides and packed them so
neatly together and covered the great
pile with rushes to keep oft the rain
They gave the children some to eat,
end 1 thought I had never tasted
anything so good. The Indians laugh
ed to see us eat it for we were soon
grease from head to foot. My father
bought some from the Indians, we
could buy a great side of this dried
salmon for one pin or one needle.
Our oxen s feet were sore, from
traveling so far over the rough trails
of rocks and stones and we stopped a
few days in The Dalles making ready
to come down the Columbia river.
Our wagons and possessions, along
with ourselves, were put in small
canoes and flat boats and brought
down the river, but the oxen and cat-
le had to be brought over the moun
We had a little heifer which moth
er was so anxious about, as she must
count on her for milk for her chil
dren and she was afraid she could
never make the trip over the rough
mountain trail. I can remember that
my mother made her some moccasins
of leather, and filled them with tar
and tallow and fastened them on her
feet, when they started with her on
that hard journey over the mountains.
She made the trip all right and joined
us later in the valley.
We came down the river from The
Dalles in those little boats, how we
ever did it, I don't know. It was mid
winter, between Christmas and New
Year, that we landed on the river
bank at a little landing called Linton;
there Captain Waters, father's friend,
One thing that I will never forget
happened there. The landing was of
poles and not very substantially made.
and one woman, whose tiny baby had
only been born a few days ago, fell
off this landing into the water, and
my brother leaped in and helped her
We came on to where Portland now
is and waited there several days un
til the men came with our catrle, from
over the mountain. At that time,
there was but one cabin (where Port
land now is) where a French trapper
lived. The place was covered with
great enormous trees, and there were
high hills and deep canyons, covered
thick with timber, and wild animals
(cougar, wildcat, bear and panther)
were all around us.
I followed my father to the cabin of
the trapper and we went inside, and
found the place filled with inn and
kins of wild animals, which he had
caught. The odor was something
awful, more than I could stand, and
I went outside and sat down on a pro
jection which was a cross piece of
the door of his cabin, Later when he
and father came out he looked at me
and said in his broken English "Well
issy, can t you Btnnd the stench?" I
have a picture of that first cabin but
it is not just aa I saw it. The pro-'
jection on which I sat is not on the
There were a few houses across the
river at Vancouver, where the Eng
lish were located and a few at Ore
gon City. Other than that, there was
rot a town in Oregon. But Portland
sprang up almost immediately. The
next time we went there, we found
white men, Indians and Chinamen,
cutting trees and clearing the land
and the city was on its way.
Our company scattered, some went
here and some went there, we stayed
a few days, then went with father's
friend, Captain Waters, to his cabin
on the Tualatin Plains, where we
epent the rest of the winter.
That winter, we almost lost moth
er's little heifer, for a cougar leaped
upon her back and tore the flesh
nearly off her hips. We were so sure
we were going to lose her, I remem
ber mother cried, and it was not of
ten that she cried, she feared if she
lost the little cow she would have no
milk for her children. Captain Wat
ers told her if she died he would
hunt the country over until he found
She was such a little thing that the
men carried her into the cabin and
there mother dressed her wounds by
There was not another cabin any
where around us, we were all alone
on the plains in this new unsettled
country. I wonder now, how we ever
lived and when I look back I can not
help but think what a foolish, foolish
thing that was for my father to do, to
bring all that family of little children
out into this wilderness, not know
ing what he was coming to, nor what
would become of us.
My husband, Frank Collins and I
both came from Missouri, his people
came through California, over the
Southern route in 1846, two years af
ter my people came. From the time
they left the settlements in Missouri
they did not see a house until they
reached the site of what is now Eu
gene, where they came to Skinner's
cabin, which my father had built. The
next house they came to was Mr. Av
ery's cabin, which my father had also
built, and around this cabin is now
built the city of Corvallis.
We spent our first summer in a
beautiful spot on the banks of the La
Creole, where is now located the city
of Dallas, and our first garden was
piameo in wnat was later known as
the Levens hopyard. Our neighbors
were Indians and they were greatly
interested in our garden and were es
pecially iond of the turnips. I think
we raised some of the largest turnips
and pumpkins that I ever saw.
They would watch us bring the veg
etables up from the garden and one
day the old chief told my mother the
vegetables were too heavy for the
children to carry and he would send
the squaws to carry them for us, of
course he knew they would get some
lor their labor.
Father located on the Donation
Land Claim of what was afterwards
patented to Isaac Levens; he later
sold his right and located on our
right in the Pedee Valley.
Adam Brown came across the plains
with us and lived with us that first
summer at Dallas. I remember that
he wore out his clothes and walked
to Oregon City to get himself a shirt
and a pair of pants. We wondered
why, since he had walked so far, that
he did not get himself a coat also, but
he didn't, and came back with only
the shirt and pants.
Father built our cabin near the site
of the old home of John Ellis, just
south of the cemetery, now known as
the Old Cemetery near Dallas.
Soon after we built our house, one
of father's nephews died and father
had him buried on our claim where
this cemetery now is, the next person
buried there being a man named Gil-
lispie, who died near Rickreall.
Father sold his right to the claim
to Mr. Bowman, Hardy Holman's
grandfather, reserving the land which
s now the Old Cemetery for that pur
The next one to be buried there was
Father was a Baptist minister and
often preached at different places in
the valley and built several cabins
for men who were bringing their fami
lies out to Oregon.
He was also a Mason, but the Ma
sons were so scattered and so few in
the valley that when he died they
could not get together at the time he
was buried which was April, 1848, but
later, in June of that year, they gath
ered from all over the valley as far
south as RoBeburg and held their cer
emony at his grave.
I can remember it yet, they were
wearing their regalia, and dug down
nto the grave and removed several
feet of earth and lowered a casket lid
and all reverently cast into the grave
the sprig of green from their coat la
pels. I learned my a-b-c's from Captain
Waters the first winter we were here.
He took a smooth board and printed
the letters on it for me. A little la
tor Mrs. Eugene Skinner came to Ore
gon and gave me a primer, which I
prized most highly and that book was
passed around among children until
it was completely worn out.
On our claim, which we located on
what is now known as the Isaac Lev
ens donation land claim, was built a
little log cabin, on a little raise just
north of our cabin and west of where
Dallas is now located, and where iB
now built the slaughter house west
of Dallas. In this little cabin was
held the first school in Polk county.
It was built during the fall of 1845
or the spring of 1846. I went to
school there. It was my first school
and the teacher's name was Mr.
David Grant, who married my elder
sister, America Gilliam, located on
a claim just east of where Dallas now
is, and their little boy, William Grant,
walked to this school house to school.
The grass grew so tall on the prairie
that Mr. Grant took his yoke of oxen
and plowed a furrow from their cabin
to the school house for his little son
to follow so that he might not lose
his way and become lost in the tall
After father sold his right to the
claim at Dallas, we went farther up
the valley following the little moun
tain stream called Pedee creek, there
we came to the most beautiful spot,
I think, I ever saw and my father
bought out the man who had located
on that claim; it was in a little val
ley nestling in among the hills, and
covered with grass as high as my
head, there was no underbrush as
there is today, and on the hills round
us, where today they aif cutting Baw
logs, not a tree was growing.
from the door of our little cabin.
which stood on a little raise we could
see the backs of the deer just peep
ing above the tall grass as they pass
ed along the trail. There were herds
of them all around ua and also, big
grey wolves, which were not so pleas
ing. At Oregon City they started a grist
mill and people would walk for miles
(Continued on Pas Three)
Nine car loads of stock, mostly cat
tle, were shipped from Heppner Sat
urday night. The stock shippers
seem to be quite well pleased with
the change in the train schedule
they get into Portland In better shape
than heretofore. Those shinning Sat
urday were J.- W. BayarVr, Dell All
stott and Dillard French, Allstott
sending out a car of cattle and some
sheep, while Beymer and French
shipped all cattle, French putting
some mighty fine young stuff on the
Portland market Monday morning.
Dean T. Goodman returned last
evening from a trip to Auburn, Wn.,
where he went on Sunday in response
to word announcing the death of
niece, the daughter of his brother,
Lrienn u. Goodman. Jean Adele Good
man was 12 years of age and for
months had been a suffered from
dropsy. Her funeral was held Tues
day at Portland with burial in Rose
City Park cemetery.
Kenneth Bleakman of Hardman,
who is working with the survey crew
on the Heppner-Spray road, had the
misfortune Monday to cut his kn
with a hatchet, injuring the knee
joint. He was brought to Heppner
tuesday and is receiving attention
at the Heppner Surgical hospital. He
will be laid up for a few days as a
result, but is reported to be getting
along all right by his physician, Dr.
A. D. McMurdo.
Walter Rietmann, who farms north
of lone, was doing business in Hepp
ner Wednesday. Some pretty good
showers through his part of the coun
tty and the cool weather following
have caused the wheat to fill well and
there is promise of a fair yield. Late
sown grain will be greatly benefitted
by a good rain, and Mr. Rietmann
hopes to see it come.
Walter Winton, who was kicked on
the knee by a horse at the road camp
on Butter creek Tuesday of last week,
receiving a fractured knee can. was
operated on Friday at the Morrow
General hospital and is getting along
nicely. Dr. Johnston reports that he
will be confined to his bed for five or
six weeks to allow the fracture to
Earl Gordon is reported to be slow
ly recovering from the effects of the
serious burns to his arms and face
which he suffered ten days ago. He
should be able to return home from
the hospital in a few days. His phy
sician, Dr. Johnston, reports that Mr.
Gordon will not be disfigured any be
cause of the burns.
Chas. Latourell left this morning
for Corvallis to take in the state
shoot, where he hopes to be able to
carry off more honors for the Heop
ner Rod and Gun club, it is honed
by the boys here, who could not get
away to attend thu shoot, that Char-
i'jy will bring homu a car load of
Mrs. Mattie Huston and her son.
Maurice Edmundson, departed by
Sunday night's train for Madras,
where they will spend a couple of
weeks visiting at the home of Mrs.
Huston's sons, Frank and Alonzo.
who are farmers in that part of Cen
F. A. McMenamln, attorney of
Portland, was doing business here on
Saturday. Frank is still engaged in
the sheep industry, his headquarters
being at Sixprong, Wash., and he re
ports a fine lambing season for his
Mrs, Fannie Rood drove up from
her home at Portland on Tuesday
and will remain here until after Dec
oration Day. She was accompanied by
Mrs. W. L. Mallory, who Is visiting
with relatives here.
D. A. R. Arrange Dedica
tion for Marker at
COL. GILLIAM CITED
Victim of Indian War of 1848 Given
Recognition; Governor Pierce to
Make Acceptance Speech.
Commemorating one of the out
standing events of Oregon history, the
accidental death of Colonel Cornelius
Gilliam at Wells Springs during th
Indian war of 1848, a memorial ser
vice will be held at the scene of thi
tragedy on Sunday, June 6. This ser
vice, under the auspices of the Daugh
ters of the American Revolution, is
for the purpose of dedicating a mark
er to Colonel Gilliam and other brave
pioneers who died on the Old Oregon
Numerous patriotic organizations,
including the American Legion and
American Legion auxiliary, besides
school children of the county, will
have part in the day s program, sched
uled to start at 2 o clock in the af
ternoon. Mrs. H. C. Eakin of Sarah
Childress Polk Chapter D. A. R. will
present the marker, and Governor
Walter M. Pierce will deliver an ca-
ceptance speech. Members of th
Gilliam family will also take part.
The plans include a basket dinner
at 12:30 or 1:00 o'clock to be followed
immediately by the dedicatory ser
Mrs. H. E. Warren of Portland and
fcrmerly of Boardman, has had charge
of preparations for the event in be
half of the D. A. R-, and has suc
ceeded in arranging an appropriate
program. She urges everyone who
possibly can to be present, as she be
lieves it will be an event of historical
importance. A sum of money has been
raised by the D. A. R. for the pur
pose of purchasing the marker, and
putting the ground in shape. It ii
believed the counties of Morrow, Gil
liam and Umatilla, immediately in
terested in the memorial, will pro
vide for fencing the marker and
Colonel Cornelius Gilliam, a Bap
tist minister and leader of a volun
teer army in the Indian war of 1848,
was killed at Wells Springs. His life
and service for his country will be
especially recalled In the program
arranged. He was the head of a large
family. Frank Gilliam, local pioneer
hardware dealer, is a nephew. Mrs.
H. L. Fenton and Mrs. A. F. Toner,
granddaughters of Colonel Gilliam
will unveil the marker.
The complete program follows:
Invocation by Rev. J. D. Lee, pio
neer of 1852.
Song, "America," by school chil
Unveiling of Marker to Col. Gilliam
and Pioneer Dead of the "Old Oregon
Trail by Mesdames H. L. Fenton and
A. F. Toner, granddaughters of Col.
Presentation of tablet to Oregon
by Mrs. H. C. Eakin of Sarah Chil
dress Polk Chapter D. A. R of Dal
Response of Acceptance by Govern
or Walter Pierce.
Placing of wreath by the family of
Firing of Salute by American Le
gion Post of Heppner.
Reading of Message from Grand
Commander Riddle of Indian War
Veterans of Oregon. Placing of flag
Placing of wreath by Mrs. H. A.
Lewis for Sons and Daughters of In
dian War Veterans of Oregon.
Political and Military Life of Col.
Gilliam by Geo. H. Himes.
Song by school children.
Eulogy of Mr. Willaims and "Dead
of the Trail at Wells Springs," by
Mrs. Lulu D. Crandall.
Placing of wreath by the family of
Wells Springs as a Historic Spot
by Mr. Leslie Scott.
Memorial Day Services
At Elks Temple Monday
The Memorinl Day services will be
held at the Elks temple in this city
Monday, Mav 31, under the auspices
of the American Legion Auxiliary
and the American Legion, beginning
promptly at 10 o'clock in the fore
noon. The program was not entirely
completed at the time of our going to
press, but Attorney C. L, Sweek will
be the principal speaker, and other
numbers suitable to the occasion will
be presented at the hall. Following
this, the procession wilt be formed
to go to the cemetery for the decora
tion of the graves of the departed
veterans of all wars. It is hoped that
just as far as possible, all patriotic
and benevolent orders of the city
ill participate in the procession.
The flag of Rawlins Post, G. A. R.,
will be publicly turned over to the
Womens Relief Corps and the Amr-
ican Legion Auxiliary, Commander J.
Ball having charge of this cere
BROTHER DIES AT WALI.A WALLA.
Perry McConnell, aged 74, brother
of Mrs. J. C. Kirk of this city, died
at his home in Walla Walla on Sat
urday evening, May 22nd, word being
received here on Sunday morning.
Mr. McConnell was a native of Mis
souri and had resided in Walla Walla
county for the past 20 years. He is
rurvived by four children.
Commencement Program at Au
ditorium Pleasing to Students
and Patrons of School.
Seventeen students of Heppner high
school composed the class that re
ceived their diplomas on Friday eve
ning, the evidence that they had fin
ished the course in education of
fered by the twelve years required to
complete the work from the first to
the 12th grade, inclusive. It was a
fine class of young folks and they go
tortn to higher attainments in edu
cation and out to meet the responsi
oiuties ol life, happy m the thought
that they have done their work well
thus far, and there is before them a
bright future, to be obtained to be
sure, by the application of those prin
ciples and truths they have thus far
learned. They have been brought to
tnat state in life where they can be
gin to realize something of life's re
sponsibilities, and are to be conerat-
vlated that they can enter upon these
with hope, and no particular fears of
The program was short, the main
teature being the address of Dean
Alfred PowerB of the University of
uregon, whose subject was Person
ality." The dean did not nlace i
great deal of faith in that subtle, mag-
netic or electric substance called per
sonality as applied to thoBe person!
oi note whom we are prone to think
must possess such qualities as these
in fact, he showed conclusively by
reierence to various Instances where
this was not true; that manv ereat
people, so called, were very common
as to this quality. However, in ac
quiring of education, men and women
were acquiring personality of a kind
tnat would prove useful. He ereeted
the graduates cordially on behalf of
the University of Oregon. He i a
pleasing speaker and what he said
was well received.
Samuel E. Notson. chairman of the
school board, made the presentation
speech to the class and delivered the
diplomas. The high school orchestra
and high school chorus, under direc-
lon of Miss Denn. furnished th. mu
sical numbers, and these were rood.
The class graduating were Mary
Case, Bernard Doherty, Clifford Dris
coll, Charles Hirl, Crayton Lawson,
uuck L,ee, Irene Lovgren, Howard Mc
Duffee, Lucile McDuffee. Irene Peck.
Margaret Prophet. Leonard Sehwura
crocket sprouis, t lossie Stender, Rob-
rt Tash, James Thomson and John
red J. Hallock Buried at
Seppner This Afternoon
Fred J. Hallock, a pioneer of Henn-
er, but who has resided elsewhere
for the past twenty years or more,
died at the home of his sister, Mrs.
Ida Dutton at 61 6East 15th Strot
North, Portland, on Monday evening,
being aged 61 years. Mr. Hallock
had been in poor health for some
me and was sick at the home of his
sister for more than a month iust
prior to his death.
Funeral services wei ! held on Wed
nesday afternoon at 4 o'clock at the
jneral parlors of Ch ntibers & Co..
fter which the remains ere pre
pared for shipment to Heppner for
interment, arriving here this morn-
He is survived by his vife, Helen
. Hallock, besides two sons and one
s'.er. The sons are Earl, of Hern-
er, Sidney of Portland, and his sis
ter, Mrs. Ida Dutton of Portland. In
terment was in Masonic cemetery
here, where other members of the
family are buried.
In his younger days, Mr. Hallock
as prominent in business and civic
ffairs at Heppner, being a man of
plendid abilities and highly efficient
in clerical work.
Legion Auxiliary Will
Sponsor Movie Here
"As No Man Has Loved," based on
the historic story "The Man Without
Country," will be shown at the Star
theater Sunday and Monday in be-
alf of the Heppner American Le
on Auxiliary. This story has been
raised by every president from Lin
coln to Coolidge. Lincoln regarded
as so compelling an appeal for pa-
riotism that he caused three quarters
of a million copies to be distributed
among the soldiers and sailors who
ere fighting in the terrible days of
It was transferred to the motion
picture screen at a tremendous cost
time and money under the direc-
ion of Rowland V. Lee. No more
tremendous scenes than the storm off
e Carolina Capes and the mighty
battle at sea between a frigate of our
navy and a pirate ship have ever
been recorded by a camera, is the
word of critics.
HIGHWAY FUNDS ARE
ALLOTED IN OREGON
Allotments of forest highway funds
from an apportionment of $4,500,000
for the fiscal year beginning July 1
have been announced at Washington,
D. C. Oregon's quota is given as fol
lows. Roosevelt coast highway, $46,000.
Canyon City-Burns $65,000.
Pendleton-John Day $50,000.
Sand Creek $30,000.
Mount Hood-Wapinitia $25,000.
Klamath Falla-Lakevicw $75,000.
Medford Crater Lake $50,000.
By Arthur Brisbane
Air Mail Warning.
Too Many Cars? Never!
The Earth Will Die.
The Post Office announces that fif
ty cities in the United States in
creased their postal receipts in April
more than 6 per cent over the same
nionth a year ago.
Unfortunately, figures concernine
use of air mail would be discouraging.
it is necessary to warn ambitious
cities anxious for air mail service
that TO GET IT THEY MUST SUP
PORT it. If not they will lose It.
The Government cannot run an ex
pensive air mail service merely be
cause cities desire it.
Postmaster-General New and Pres
ident Coolidge are anxious to en
courage profitable commercial flying
through development of the air mail.
But cities and citizens must do their
One air route recently established
in the South, for instance, serving
four important cities, started off mag
nificently, with receipts in the first
brief period exceeding $2,000, ample
to cover expenses. On the tenth day
the receipts had dropped to $79, to
meet an expense of $400.
The financial solution will be found
eventually in carrying passengers as
well as mail, an arrangement to which
the Adminisration would gladly con
sent. The first problem would be to
find the passengers. Americans large
ly support flying routes in Europe,
occupying more than half the seats
in flying machines between London
and Paris in. the season. But they
seem less inclined to patronize filing
in their own land.
Extremely important is the test
for cancer recently presented at the
French Academy of Medicine, If its
iscoverers do not exaggerate, this
test, providing a reliable reaction In
ancer cases, will enable doctors to
save thwiaands annually that now die
by diagnosing cancer at the very
This year 100,000 more automobiles
are registered in California than in
1925. That shows prosperity and.
what is more important, HAPPINESS.
ome time ago, when all the world
used fewer automobiles than there
are now in California alone, men
talked about automobile "saturation."
There never will be saturation un
til every family has at least one auto
mobile, as it should have, and then
will be necessary every few years
to manufacture twenty-five of thirty
union new ones to replace the old.
et YOUR car now.
The conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church South invites all
modernists to get out. That applies
to an, especially clergymen who do
not believe "in a living personal God,
he divinity of Jesus Christ and the
That seems fair. There is plenty
of room outside of any church for
ary belief these days. Churches, like
clubs, should have the right to con
trol their own membership and rules,
while carefully abstaining from any
attempt to control other people and
In British coal mines where men
ere nothing, the aristocratic owner
never sees the inside of a mine or
the face of a miner.
Only a few years since, English
women, working in shafts too low
even for mules or donkeys, dragged
out the little coal carts, slowly, pain
fully creeping on their hands and
knees. A strap or chain around the
reck, passing under the breast, was
fastened to the car behind them.
And not long ago a regular business
in England was starving litlte boys
that they might remain small enough
to go down narrow chimneys and
clean them. They were beaten if
caught secretly eating. They died
young, but the mothers provided plen
This earth will die as men and ani
mals die, gradually going to pieces,
the fragments helping to build other
planets, as animals die and feed other
mimals, as trees live on mould made
of dead trees.
That day, fortunately, is millions of
years away, according to scientists.
Only twelve thousand years from the
Stone Age, the human race has scores
of millions of years ahead, years of
ceaselessly increasing knowledge.
UNION MEMORIAL SERVICES. "
A union Memorial Service will be
held next Sabbath, May 30, in the
Chrsitian church, in memory of the
departed heroes of all wars. Only
four of the veterans of the civil war
lemain with us in this community.
To these especially we owe this trib
ute. All patriotic organizations have
been requested to attend in bodies.
Rev. Milton W. Bower, pastor of the
church, will deliver the address, at
the regular morning church service
E. C. ALFORD,
Pastor M. E. Church,
Miss Linea Troedson, popular school
teacher from lone, has been in Hopp
ner Surgical hospital for a couple of
days this week, following an opera
tion on her throat.