Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1926)
Volume 43, Number 8.
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, May 20, 1926.
Subscription $2.00 a Year
Senatorial Contest In the
Foreground as Polling
VOTE WILL DECIDE
Outcome of All Racei Uncertain;
Three Republican! Would be" Gov
ernor; Superlntendency Popular.
The political pot which has been
boiling for more than a month, will
have boiled, dry today and tomorrow
its vapors will collect and settle; but
just which of the candidates will have
been most largely favored when the
mist clears is today in doubt. The
last good word of political bosses, is
"Get out the vote."
holding the center of rhe limelight
in the political fracas to be settled
tomorrow is the United States sen
atorial scrap. The names of eight
aspirants for this position appear
on the republican ballot, while two
are inscribed on that of the demo
crats. It is believed that while the
eight-man republican go will be an
exhibition well worth witnessing, the
four-fisted democratic scrap will by
no means be uninteresting.
Robert N. Stanfield, present incum
bent, looms more ominously in the
foreground as the remaining hours
before election pass slowly away. The
wind-up of the campaign has revealed
a strong political machine working in
his behalf, the true strength of which
was merely a matter of conjecture In
the early campaign days. Stanfield
bases his claim for reelection mainly
on what he has done for the stockmen
and his strong committee positions.
Probably the hardest opponent
Stanfield has to face is Frederick W.
Steiwer of Pendleton. Coming out
at the start with a strong endorse
ment over the state, Steiwer has
built up a large following and with
the Portland Orcgonian taking the
lead in his behalf and other strong
party organs and men falling in line,
his stock is keeping well up to par
'at this late hour. "
Alfred E. Clark will be in the Tun
ning, say his campaign managers, and
late reports do show him gaining
strength, especially in Portland. Party
leaders believe that either Steiwer or
Clark can be elected in the fall if
nominated, but many strongly assert
that if Stanfield gets the nomination
his laxity of attendance in Washing
ton will offer a vulnerable target for
democratic weapons. James J. Cross
ley and A. R. Shumway will each have
a considerable following at the polls
tomorrow, reports indicate. Crossley
has made a steady, consistent cam
paign dating from the earliest days
of the contest, and has made friends,
while Shumway has imbedded him
self quite firmly in the Grange and
Pierce following. The other three
republican senatorial aspirants, Rose
E. Barrett, Clarence F. Evey and L.
B. Sandblast now appear to be crowd
ing each other for tail honors in the
In the democratic camp, Bert E.
Haney and Elton Watkina are having
a little two-some all their own in the
senatorial ring. Haney, who at first
was given large odds, has been hard
pushed by Watkins the last few weeks,
and reports say It will be a toss-up
which of them gets the nomination.
Though the gubernatorial scrap has
been forced into the background by
the senatorial fight, it is not without
its attractions. The republican ring
holds three aspirants in William A.
Carter, I. L. Patterson and Jay H. Up
ton, with each having a fair chance
of getting the nomination. Carter,
who at first was little thought of in
these parts has come ot the front al
most miraculously with a large per
centage of the Portland labor vote
swinging his way. Patterson has the
endorsement of many Btrong party
leaders and will claim much of the
conservative vote while Upton through
a vigorous and snappy campaign has
gained a large following. All three
are given credit as being good timber
for the Job.
Governor Pierce has been generally
conceded the democratic nominaUun,
his only opposition being put up by
Louise Palmer Weber on a modmcu
tion of the Volstead act pica which
has not prgiid popular.
Just what has caused the attraction
of candidates for superintendent of
public instruction has remained
somewhat of a mystery as the cam
paign closes, but there are candidates
aplenty. Charles A. Howard appears
to be leading the republican field with
the endorsement of many schoolmen
ever the state. W. C. Alderson, su
perintendent of schools for Multno
mah county, will undoubtedly have a
strong following in his own bailiwick,
though the nature of his campaign
has not proved popular in outlying
districts. Fred J. Tooze of Salem
claims he will have good support. Mrs.
Emma Bryant and Rosa B. Parrott
are the other two republicans after
On the democratic side J. 0. Mc
Laughlin of Corvallis seems to have
a litlte the edge over his single op
ponent R. R. Turner.
The remainder of the two tickets
holds little of interest, excepting the
race for joint representative In the
republican arena. Here Thomas P.
Gllliland and Roy W. RIner, both of
Umatilla county, are having it out,
with neither showing a very big edge
in the district. Gllliland has an
nounced himself in favor of state in-
OREN OSCAR HILL.
Coming as a severe shock to his
parents and friends in this commun
Ity, wsb the announcement on Sunday
evening of the death of Oren Oscar
Hill, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. W. P
Hill, living on Willow creek about
six miles southeast of Heppner.
While the young man had been
complaining of not feeling well for
a few days before he was taken down,
there was not much thought of it, and
it was fully expected that he would
be all right after taking a rest. He
had come to town the first of th
week following a period of work with
a shearing crew, and while sitting in
one of the barber shops, suddenly
dropped off into unconsciousness. He
was taken at once to the Heppner Sur
gical hospital and medical aid called.
After an examination Or. McMurdo
reported him to be the victim of tu
bercular menengitis, not a contagious
disease, but an ailment that bad evi
dently been coming on for many
months and had suddenly taken this
The parents of the young man were
not aware of the serious illness of
their son until he had been at the
hospital for a day, and when death
came after four short days of uncon
sciousness, they were indeed stricken
ty the suddenness of his departure.
From the time he took ill in the bar
ber shop, Oren never regained con
sciousness, though all possible was
done for him that could be done on
Ihe part of physician, nurse and hos
Funeral services were held at the
Christian church on Tuesday after
noon, Milon W. Bower, pastor, officiat
ing, and burial was in Masonic ceme
tery. Oren Oscar Hill was born In Hepp
ner and at the time of his death was
22 years, 11 months and 20 days of
age. He had graduated from Heppner
high school, class of 1922, after which
he attended the Sate Normal at Mon
mouth for two different seasons,
teaching a term of school in the Wil
lamette valley and one on the coast.
He had a bright future before him,
as he possessed fine qualifications in
an educational way. At the time of
the influenza epidemic in Heppner a
few years ago, Oren was a victim,
and it is quite evident that his trouble
resulted from this attack, though he
had up until that time been a try
strong young man and had never
needed the attention of a physician,
lis departure is mourned by Uis par
ents and a number of brothers and
sisters, all residents of this com
munity, besides numerous friends.
He had but recently been taken in
as a beneficiary member of ths Wood
men of the World of this lity, and
carried insurance to the amount of
$2600, so we have been informed.
ELKS AND MASONS
EACH WIN A GAME
The Elks won from the Knights
Friday evening, and the Masons beat
the Elks Tuesday evening, in the two
games played this week in the fra
ternal twilight league series. Scores
were, Elks-Knights 6-2, Masons-Elks
1-0. Both games showed considerable
improvement over the brand of ball
previously displayed in the Beries,
and the last game was especially
good. Their win Tuesday keeps the
Masons in the first notch, though they
will play two morn games, one with
the Knights Friday and a champion
ship game with the Elks, probably
The pitching of Herman Hill for the
Masons was a big factor in their fa
vor Tuesday. Only one clean hit was
knocked against him, and he aet down
batetrs in one-two-three order a
couple of innings. It was easily the
Mason's game on earned runs, though
there was some question raised as to
a couple of decisions of Umpire Bill
Crawford, which, had they been re
versed, would have allowed the Elks
to score. Van Marter probably starred
for the Elks. He made three straight
assists in one inning. ,
When the Elks and Masons meet
agoin they will play a full nine-inning
game and a small admission charge
will be made to cean up expenses that
have been incurred in putting on the
Earl Gordon Receives
Burns From Hot Grease
Just at noon Mondoy, Earl Gordon,
who was busily engaged in his candy
kitchen making up a batch of salted
peanuts, was very severely burned
when a vessel containing hot grease
caught fire on the stove. In order to
save the building from being fired,
Mr. Gordon gathered up the blazing
vessel and carried it to the street.
In doing this his clothing caught fire
and he received bad burns on the
face, both arms and a portion of the
Being rushed to the office of Dr.
Johnstone the burns were dressed and
bandaged and he is being cared for
at the Morrow General hospital. While
suffering considerable pain from the
burns, Earl is getting along well, and
it is hoped that he will not be badly
scarred as a result. It was a very
narrow call, however, and he does not
care to repeat the experience.' A
blaze was started in the kitchen from
the dropping grease, but this was Im
mediately extinguished and no dam
age was done.-
CARD OF THANKS.
To the many neighbors and friends
who so kindly assisted us in every
way during our recent bereavement,
for the kindly considerations shown
by the management of Heppner Sur
gical hospital, and for the tender
ministrations of Mr. R. C. Phelps,
we extend our heartfelt thanks.
W. P. Hill and family.
John Marshall Home Is
Scene of Tragedy
QUARREL IS CAUSE
Marital Trouble! of Long Standing
Culminate in Clime; Were
Old Time Residents.
Homicide followed by suicide was
revealed Friday at the home of John
Marshall, postmaster and storekeeper
at Castle Rock, when the lifeless
bodies of Marshall and his wife Annie
were found. The tragedy had appar
ently followed a quarrel in which Mrs.
Marshall received numerous bruises
before being shot by her husband.
Marshall left a full confession of the
crime before taking his own life.
The investigation conducted by M.
L. Case, county coroner, and his as
sistants, indicated that Mrs. Marshall
had been dead probably two hours
longer than Marshall. Apparently
Marshall had cleaned up all traces
of the quarrel and then had written
a detailed account of the killing as
well as a statement of his debts and
assets. He took his own life with the
same revolver used to kill his wife,
by thrusting it in his mouth and fir
ing. Marshall had notified people at
Boardman that something was wrong
at his place, before ending his own
The bodies were taken into custody
by the coroner and brought to Hepp
ner where interment was made Sun
day in the Catholic cemetery, Rev.
Father Cantwell officiating. A bro
ther of Marshall, Mike Marshall, re
sides at Boardman, and one son,
Charles, by a former wife, survives.
The Marshalls have resided at Cas
tle Rock for many years, having
charge of the store and postoffice at
that place. Marital troubles have
disturbed tjie tranquility of their
home for some time, and recently Mrs.
Marshall had asked authorities to
swear out a warrant for the arrest
of Marshall for , allegedly attacking
her with a butcher knife. This pro
longed trouble is given as reason for
the culminating tragedy.
FAST INDIAN NINE
The Slickpoo Indians from Culdesac,
Idaho, heralded as the fastest Indian
team in the northwest, will cross bats
with Heppner at Rodeo field next Sun
day afternoon. These Indians are on
a tour of eastern Oregon and are
scheduled to play at Pendleton Satur
day, from where they will proceed
here the following day.
Heppner1! gang has been practicing
diligently all week and are now
rounding into mid-season form, says
Manager Barr. There won't be any
balloon ascentions such as seen last
Sunday, he says, and they are going
to let the Indians know they have
been to a ball game. Van Marter
will be back on the job at second, and
another pitcher will probably be on
Wanted Horses or cattle to pas
ture. J. I. Hanna, on T. J. Matlock
LAND HQ! fly A. B. CHAP1N
Pitcher Roberts Given Credit
With 16 Strikeouts; Finch
Heppner beat the Cayuse Indians
from the Umatilla reservation 14-6 on
the local diamond Sunday in one of
the loosest exhibitions of baseball
Witnessed here this season, Fred Rob
erts, local pitcher, is credited with
winning the game, allowing only sev
en hits and striking out 16 batters.
Fielding on both sides was rather
loose, practically every Heppner play
er who got a chance making at least
one error for a total of 11, while the
Indians made four bobbles.
Catcher Finch of the locals made
a record with the stick, hanging up
tix hits in as many times at bat. He
also made the longest bingle of the
day, a drive into right field for three
lags. Cason, Roberts, and Aiken for
the locals each gathered three hits
out of five times up. The team hung
up 24 hits in all.
Heppner took a big lead in the
second inning after each team had
been held scoreless the time before.
They started in Mouting the balls
which Pitcher Johnley was dumping
icross the pan as big as balloons, and
knocked out seven hits for six runs
in this frame. From then on they out
distanced their opponents. In the
eighth they partially repeated the
same performance for four markers.
The Indian runs were scattered and
the only time they appeared very for
midable was in the fifth when they
scored three runners.
Frank Mercer and F. B. Nickerson
were umpires and Jack McGinnis was
official scorer. The statistics follow:
Heppner AB H R E SB SO
Finch c 6 6 112 0
Cason ss a 5 3 110 2
Anderson cf 5 2 2 0 1 0
Roberts p 5 3 2 2 0 1
Aiken If 5 3' 2 1 0 1
Gentry rf 4 2 S 0 1 0
Wilson 3b 4 0 2 1 0 1
Woods lb 1 2 0 8 0 0
Moore lb 1 1 0 0 0 1
Ferguson 2b ... 4 2 1 2 0 0
Hisler 2b 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 40 24 14 11 4 6
Indians AB H R E SB SO
lias c 5 0 0 0 0 3
Johnson cf . 5 1 J 0 I S
Vincent ss B 10 0 14
Williams 3b ...6 0 1 0 0 1
Farrow 2b 5 1 2 0 0 1
Kane lb 4 0 2 0 0 1
Breen If 5 1 0 0 0 2
Victor rf 5 1 0 0 0 1
Johnley p 4 2 0 1 2 0
Total 43 7 6 1 4 16
OSCAR EDWARDS ILL.
Oscar O. Edwards who recently re
moved to the Willamette valley from
this city is seriously ill at the Port
land sanatorium, according to word
received by Heppner friends this
week. The word stated that Mr. Ed
wards had undergone three opera
tions and was in a critical condition.
Extraction of Mb teeth was found
necessary in combatting his malady,
and attending physicians reported ex
treme enlargement of his heart valves.
His friends here have been very anx
ious about his condition, and hope to
learn of a turn for the better.
FOR SALE Deering combine, mo
tor and machine in good condition.
Cecil Sargent, lone, Ore.
BIG HOME BACON
Tournament Shoot-Off at
Portland Won From
VAN MARTER IS ACE
Local Gunner Breaks 99 of 100 Tar
gets, Leading All Shooters;
Eugene Is Second. N
Heppner Rod and Gun club carried
off the winner's trophy in the state
wide telegraphic shoot-off contest of
" he Portland Oregonian, held in Port
land Sunday, with L. Van Marter,
Ugh point man of the five-man Hepp
ner team as well as leader of the en
tire field of 35 trapshooters, carrying
bis team to victory. Van Marter
shattered 99 of his 100 targets.
The other members of the Heppner
team with their scores are Dr. A. D.
McMurdo 94, C. H. Latourell 91, Chas.
Vaughn 94, Albert Bowker 89.
in winning the shoot Heppner's
team crowded out the Lane County
Sportsmen's association of Eugene by
one point, the total scores of the two
teams being 467 and 466 respectively.
Salem came third wih 457, while the
Washington County Rod and Gun
club of Hillsboro. undefeated team
in the telegraphic series, took fourth
place with 446. Other competing
teams, Portland Gun club, Monitor
Rod and Gun club and Enterprise
Rod and Gun club finished in the
In reporting the shoot in the Ore
gonian George Cowne has this to say:
Much of the credit for Heppner's
victory goes to L. Van Marter, who
crashed 99 out of 100 blue rocks in
the team race. The Heppner ace
went straight on his first two strings
of 25, lost one bird out of the third
string and then hung up another per
fect on the final 25. He was well sup
ported by the other members of his
team. Dr. A. D. McMurdo and Charles
Vaughn each shattered 94 of the fly
ing saucers, while C. H. Latourell and
Albert Bowker, the other two mem
bers of the squad broke 91 and 89
'W. W. McCornack carried the high
gun on the Eugene squad. He broke
98. Ray GlaBs shattered 97 and Jim
Seavy 95 for the Eugene team.
"The telegraphic tournament shoot
off and the Portland Gun club regular
monthly class shoot attracted more
than 70 gunners to the Everding park
In the class event Van Marter led
the clasB A scatter-gun artists with
his 99. Ray Glass was second and
C. C. Follette, Hillsboro; Jim Seavy
Eugene; Harold Looney, Salem, and
G. Burkhalter tied for third with
scores of 95."
Heppner finished in ninth place in
the telegraphic shoot, barely getting
into the shoot-off challenge match
between the ten high teams. The men
who made the local team felt that
they had very little chance in the big
event, but hoping to make a showing
they practiced hard up to the time
it came off. On returning home,
"Van" was asked how he did it.
"Well," he said, "I don't know.
Every time a bird came out I won
dered if 1 was going to get it. After
I got the first 25 straight, I began to
fiel pretty good. Then I cracked the
next 25. But the fifty-first bird that
(Continued on Page Six)
SERVICE HELD FOR VETERAN.
Impressive military services fon
Nicholas John Hoffman, well known
young local man, who died here May
5, following a short illness, were held
from Callaway's at 2 o'clock Monday
and at the graveside of the I. O. O. F.
cemetery. Members of The Dalles
Post No. 19 of the Ameican Legion
acted as pail bearers and officiated
during the services. Rev. C. A. Ed
wards of the Methodist church offi
ciated at the chapel.
The deceased, born in Pembine,
North Dakota, had spent most of his
life in this city. During the world's
war he served overseas with the Am
erican armies. He is survived by his
wife, Lela Hoffman; two children,
Doris and Raymond; bis father, Nich
olas Hoffman, Sr.; two brothers, H. C.
Hoffman of this city and C. P. Hoff
man of San Diego, Calif., and four
sisters, Mrs. Hanson Hughes, of Hepp
ner; Mrs. C. D. Lockard and Mrs.
Henry Peterson of this city and Mrs.
U. S. Pratt of Centralia, Washington.
The Dalles Optimist.
POPPY SALE BY AUXILIARY.
The American Legion Auxiliary ex
pects to sell poppies three days next
week. The entire proceeds will be
for the benefit of disabled veterans
of Hospital No. 77 and their families.
In selling poppies, the Auxiliary will
do more than raise a small sum of
money. The world war was ended but
a few yearB past, however, people are
prone to forget its devastating ef
fects. The poppy, emblematic of
those who shed their blood on Flan
ders field, will help refreshen people's
minds to the terrible effects of war
when it opeara on coat lapels, and
cause people to meditate seriously
before sanctioning another such dis
aster. The significance of the poppy
should be endeared to the heart of
every true American.
Mrs. Chris Brown went to Hot Lake
eanatorium Monday and accompanied
her husband home on Tuesday. Mr.
Brown, who has been a patient at the
sanatorium for more than three
weeks, is much improved in health.
Mr. and Mrs. Egbert Young were in
town on Tuesday from their home on
Eight Mile. Mrs. Young, who has
been quite ill, seems now to be well
on the road to recovery.
Attorney C. L. Sweek and District
Attorney Notson are visitors in Pen
dleton today, called to the Umatilla
county capital on matters of a legal
J. A. Patterson and B. R. Patterson
motored to Portland the first of the
week and have been spending several
days in the city on business.
Mrs. O. L. Barlow and little daugh
ter, Altas.Bernice, returned to their
Eight Mile home on Sunday from the
Morrow General hospital.
Mesdames Henry Schwarz, Mack
Smith and Conrad Bellenbrock motor
ed to Pendleton on Tuesday and en
joyed the day in the city.
Gilliam & Bisbee received another
carload of Deering combined harvest
ers thB week for distribution among
theif local trade.
Dr. A. H. Johnston was called to
Arlington on Monday on account of
the serious' illness of Mrs. J. K. Irby
of that city.
Maurice A. Frye, local electrician,
spent a few days in Portland this
week, looking after affair of busi
ness. French Burroughs and Ed Mus-
grave, Rhea creek farmers, were bus
iness visitors in Heppner today.
Oral Henriksen was in Heppner
from his home near La Grande the
first of the week.
Phill Cohn is up from his Portland
home to look after business affairs
Come Tomorrow Night
Heppner high school commence
ment exercises will take place to
morrow night ot the school auditor
ium when 17 graduates will receive
diplomas. Dean Alfred Powers of the
University of Oregon extension di
vision, will be the speaker. His sub
ject will be "A Good Personality.'
S. E. Notson will present diplomas
to the following members of the class.
Mary Case, Bernard Doherty, Clif
ford Driscoll, Charles Hirl, Crayton
Lawson, Duck Lee, Irene Lovgren.
Howard McDulTee, Lucile McDuffee,
Irene Peck, Margaret Prophet, Leon
ard Schwarz, Crocket Sprouls, Flossie
Stender, Robert Tash, James Thom
son, and John Turner. A full com
mencement program will be given.
Tonight in the basement of the
Christian church the junior class is
tendering the seniors a banquet, ai
annual affair. The high school has
been having examinations this week
with a holiday today. School ends
with commencement exercises tomor-
He is the fellow who will not fol
low the rulea Rnd does very much as
he pleases. How many kinds of a
Jay Walker" are you? Is there such
a thing as a religious jay walker?
This will be the subject of the
Sunday evening discussion at the
Chruch of Christ.
The morning sermon will be enti
tled "Divine Arithmetic."
Bible School and C. E. at usual
time and place.
MILTON W. BOWER, Minister.
All Scouts are urged to be at the
church Saturday afternoon at two
o'clock. At that time we will make
definite plans and give final directions
concerning she Scout Camp. If you
have not paid your dues, bring them
with you. Be prompt.
M. W. BOWER, Scoutmaster.
Leaders Present and
FOR HAUGEN BILL
In gal la Sends Letter to Congressmen;
Labor Situation Reviewed;
Men Join League.
Some thirty farmers of Morrow
county gathered in this city on Fri
day afternoon to attend a branch
meeting of the Eastern Oregon Wheat
league. J. O. Turner, who is a direc
tor in the league for this county, pre
sided, and prominent men attending
from the outside were F. B. Ingalls,
president of the league, of Dufur; A.
R. Shumway of Milton, and E. R.
Jackman, exension farm crop special
ist of O. A. C, Corvallis, who was
the general secretary of the wheat-
growers' conference held at Moro in
February, at which time the organiza
tion of the Eastern Oregon Wheat
league was perfected.
The first matter brought up up for
consideration was the harvest labor
question. This was' presented by
County Agent Morse. Growing out
of the discussion was the request to
be presented to the U. S. Bureau of
Labor that a representative of the
U. S. Employment agency be placed
at Arlington, with a view to alleviat
ing the labor situation for both Mor
row and Gilliam counties. It ia
hoped that this may be acocmpliahed,
as this man should give all his atten
tion to the proper distribution of la
bor in these two counties, and be in
a better position by virtue of his con
nection with the government depart
ment of labor to get men when need
ed. Roy Campbell was named chairman
of a committee to represent Morrow
county at a district wage scale meet
ing to be held at Arlington the early
part of June. All the counties in the
wheat growing belt will have repre
sentatives at this meeting.
Mr. Shumway delivered an excellent
talk on the necessity of farm organi
sations, he being well informed along
this line, and urged the necessity of
the farmers of the wheat belt being
fully organized. Following Mr. Shum
way, Mr. Ingalls went into the plana
and purposes of the wheat league,
fully explaining the scope of the or
ganization. Mr. Jackman went over
briefly a few of the charts and other
information used at the recent wheat
growers conference at Moro.
J. O. Turner, chairman of the meet
ing, called for memberships, and be
tween 25 and 30 of the farmers pres
ent signed the roll of the league.
Membership books were distributed
to representatives from various parts
of the county that they might solicit
further memberships, and it was man
ifested by the interest taken in the
meeting that Morrow county could ex
pect to have a large portion of the
wheatraisers in the Eastern Oregon
It had been announced that D. E.
Stephens, head of the experiment sta
tion at Moro, was to be present at
this meeting, but he was prevented
from coming by sickness in his fam
ily. Mr. Stephens was quarantined
at home because of his children be
ing afflicted just at this time with a
Of interest to every wheatgrower
in the county is the fact that the
Eastern Oregon Wheat league urges
the passage of the Haugen bill. F.
B. Ingalls, president of the league,
prepared and sent to every congress
man the following letter, which was
releasd for publication on the 12th
of May. While this was at the time
of the big coal strike in England
a crisis which now seems past for a
time the letter is to the point and
well represents the side of the far
mers in the issue now before congress
in the consideration of the Haugen
bill. The letter follows:
"The growers of 15,000,000 bushels
of wheat, organized as the Eastern
Oregon Wheat league, respectfully re
quest your consideration of the far
reaching effects before casting your
vote for or against the Haugen bill.
"The present chaos in England
plainly warns of what must even
tually happen when a nation deliber
ately follows a career of indsutrial
ism and ignores its agriculture. Eng
land now has virtually but two classes
the conservative business and prop
erty owners and the laborers.
"Such a condition is impossible in
America at present because of the
American farmer. He has always
served as a balance between the de
mands of ultra conservative capital
end more radical labor. He will al
ways do so if permitted to survive,
but he is being slowly driven out by
the inequalities of the American sys
tem. "It is only necessary to compare
American wages with those in Europe
to see the relatively high position of
the workmen here. These high wages
are reflected in high-priced articles
of all kinds, high freight rates and
high taxes. The tariff enables our
manufacturer to pay the high wages
and still exist. Our entire plane of
life is thus elevated above that in
other countries. But the Amer
ican producer of staple crops is
strangely ignored in this happy plan.
Buying at home, hiring labor at home
and shipping over American railroads,
he pays the high American rates. Sell
ing in the demoralized markets of
turope, even those goods sold at home
(Continued on Page Six)
(Continued on Pt Six)