Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View Entire Issue (May 14, 1925)
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY
Volume 42, Number 7.
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 14, 1925.
Subscripion $2.00 Per Year
By Arthur Brisbane
Build a Good Name.
Our Loss by Rust.
Did "Fate" Get Him?
Honor the Automobile.
What ia the value of a food name?
Financiers that bought the Dodge
automobile company from the heirs
of the two able brothera that estab
lished it have re-sold the company to
the public (keeping a lot of stock
for themselves) at a valuation in
which the name Dodge represents
$80,000,000. The public eagerly pur
chases the stock and bonds at that
Similarly, when Hart Schaffner &
Marx made a company of their busi
ness, the name which they had estab
lished by business ability and SOUND
ADVERTISING, sold for five times as
much as the actual assets. And that
name was probably worth TWENTY
times as much as the assets.
Build up a name by honesty, intel
ligence, wise advertising, and you
have something that Are, earthquake,
or tornado cannot destroy.
Rust costs this country $300,000,
000 a year and scientists wonder how
they can save that money. One way
is to use copper or brass instead of
iron, for uratcr pipes, gutters, etc.
You are told that rust is caused by
electricity generated by water and
air combining. A way may be found
to make iron rust-paoof. Meanwhile
wherever air and water mix, use cop
per or brass and forget your troubles
for a hundred years.
Oscar Palmquist went down with
the Titantic. But he came back to
the surface, swam Ar hours in the
icy waters, and lived until March 23d,
last. His body was found in a shal
low pond in Connecticut. He bad
wandered into the pond, and drowned.
That will cause solemn moralising.
"If you're, born to be drowned, you'll
never be hanged, and vice versa;"
some will say "swim as hard as you
like, the water will get you."
The Turks and millions of other
Orientals, deeply religious and su
perstitious, will assure you that the
day of your death was fixed millions
of years before you were bom. God
knows exactly when you will die and
how. Therefore, the hour and man
ner MUST have been fixed from all
eternity, otherwise God could not
know. And to doubt that he knows
all things ahead is impious.
Cold common sense, however, says
that Palmquist would not have been
drowned, had he not wandered Into
the pond, and would have been
drowned when the Titantic sank, had
he not been a staging swimmer. This
world would be too dull if everything
were fixed for us in advance. And if,
as the Turks believe, all is settled In
advance, and Allah and Mohammed,
between them, know everything, each
man's fate and destination after
death must be settled in advance. In
thut case, why struggle to reach Mo
hammed's Paradise? Struggling
would not no any good, if you re sen
WE HAVE FEED
0t 115.00, Rolled. Barley $50 pr toa. Alio Mill Feed and
Poultry SuppHea at pricca you cannot beat.
THY Ol'U FLOUR. It ia making frlendi for u.
Brown Warehouse Co.
WE DELIVER WITHIN CITY LIMITS.
May 22-23 Fri.-Sat.
H (ALL WHITE)
H Band Orchestra
1 MUSIC SONGS
1 HELEN LEWIS
EE and Her Radio Girls
H Free Band Concert
' 7:30 P.M.
1 PRICES 50c & 25c
Dance Haturriay After Show
EE 8-l'loce Orchratra.
Grimm Alfalfa Stands
Onslaughts of Freeze
A recent check on the extent of
winter kill of alfalfa fields in Mor
row county indicated .that in no in
stances were stands of Grimm dam
aged, but there has been considerable
loss in common alfalfa, says R. W.
Morse, county agent, in a recent re
port to the Oregon Agricultural Col
leger He found that much of the
common alfalfa has apparently been
killed at the crown but is coming up
from sprouts thrown out below the
crown. It is doubtful, in his estima
tion, that these plants will make much
On the C. S. Calkins faYm at Board
man, Li scorn b (a hardy Grimm type),
and common alfalfa are separated by
a ditch down the middle of the field
Mr. Morse found that not a single
Grimm crown was damaged, but more
than half of the common variety was
not growing at the crown. A similar
comparison was found on the farm of
R. B. Wilcox of Lexnigton and on a
half dozen other farms typical of the
alfalfa growing area of the county.
Mr. Morse reports that almost a
thousand pounds of Grimm alfalfa
seed were ordered by Morrow county
farmers during the month of March.
Grimm it the variety of alfalfa that
was recommended by the slato agri
cultural economic conference for all
alfalfa growing areas in the state
with the possible exception of such
districts as Malheur county and the
western end of Umatilla county,
where long growing season prevails
and danger from winter kill is not
so great as in areas with higher ele
vations. It is estimated by E. R. Jackman,
farm crops specialist fos the O. A. C.
extension service, that about 65,000
pounds of Grimm alfalfa seed were
purchased by Oregon farmers lait
year. Grimm Is now the standard vit
rei ty In Crook, Josephine, Klamath,
Lake, Wasco and Washington coun
ties, he says. Its popularity is rap
idly increasing in other areas.
J. T. Kirk Is in receipt of word from
his daughter, Mrs. Nels Jepson, stat
ing that they are now residing at
Yank, B. C, having recently moved
there from Edmonton, Alberta. She
expects to make the folks at Ileppner
a visit within a short time.
tenced before yod're born.
On motoring tours, throughout 'the
United States, seeing America first,
and seeing America in the most com
fortable, satisfactory way, American
will spend this year $2,500,000,000.
This gigantic sum will be divided
among the various communities along
the popular motor roads of the coun
try. And prosperity will increase
greatly in the wake of the two and
a half billions of cash left behind.
Respect the automobile, the men
that make them, perfect and cheap.
And if you have no automobile, go
and get one.xTo be WITHOUT it is
Daniel Clancy, father of twenty
sons and daughters, drank a little
too much in honor t his oldest son's
approaching marriage, and was ar
rested. "Go free," said the magistrate; "the
father of twenty children to a little
That's jujdicial wisdom. You ob
serve that it is usually the fHther of
twenty, not the mother, who cele
brates in that particular way. Any
obstetrician will convince you that
the mother of twenty really might
celebrate with a good excuHe. But
the mother of twenty or more, or
fewer, is content to celebrate by sct
ting a. good example.
LOCH NEWS ITEMS
We are in receipt of a short letter
from our old friend, C. R. Johnson of
Inglewood, Calif., this week. He re
port his little city aa coming to the
front and real estate is bringing good
prices there. One deal recently closed
for a business lot of 40" feet frontage
on one of the principal streets brot
a price of $40,000, and on this is to
be erected a fine office building by
a Chicago millionaire. Five years
a?o this same corner went begging
at a price of $2500. Two months ago
another corner lot on the same street
sold for $15,000, and In 1923 this lot
sold for $1950. which ii substantial
evidence that the city of Inglewood,
where Mr. Johnson lives, is moving
to the front.
Gentle rains have prevailed pretty
much about Heppner this Week. How
ever, they have not reached out to
any great extent over the grain fields
where the moisture is needed. Re
ports continue to be favorable, end
the farmers are hopeful that good
showers will reach them in time to
make the crop mature. It is reported
here that February sown grain on the
Werner Rietmann farm near lone Is
now in the boot, and is developing fine
the grain being of good heighth, which
shows that February seeding is about
the proper thing after all.
'Mrs. Ellen Buseick and -son Reid
returned on Sunday evening from a
visit over in the Yakima valley. They
visited with Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hall
at Natches, where Mr. Hall now has
an irrigated tract of 14 acres and is
well situated. They were very much
pleased with that part of the country
and everything looks mighty fine now
in the Yakima valley
Mrs. John T. Kirk returned home
on Sunday from a visit of a couple of
weeks at Vernonia and Portland, hav
ing gone below with Mr. and Mrs.
John Bush when they returned, home.
Mrs. Kirk was accompanied home by
her daughter, Mrs. Fred Ritchie of
lone who is spending the week with
her parents on Willow creek.
Frank L. Harwood returned Wed
nesday from. Portland where he was
called on business Friday last. He
also visited Monmouth, where he toon
in the May Day festivities the first
of the week. He pe porta fine weather
conditions around Portland and up
the Willamette valley.
The Girl Reserves held their regu
lar' meeting Wednesday afternoon and
put on the candle drill and enter
tained their mothers and friends at
Bethel chapel. Refreshments verf
served and a very enjoyable time was
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Howard have
returned from Pullman, Wash., where
they spent a couple of months enjoy
ing a visit with son and daughters of
Mr. Howard residing in that part of
Attorney S. E. Van Vactor was here
on Tuesday from The Dalles. He wan
looking up some legai matters. He
was accompanied by Mrs. Van Vac
tor who enjoyed a pleasant visit with
Noah Clark and Jamily were in the
city Saturday from their Eight Mile
farm. Good rains would be accept
able out that way, and would do the
growing crops a lot of good.
LOST Brown leather hand bag
containing $2.50 in change and check
book on Redmond bank; also trunk
.key fastened inside. Finder please
leave at thia office.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Padberg and Mr.
and Mrs. Oris Padberg were Heppner
Flat people in the city on Saturday,
doing some shopping and looking
after other affaire, .
Walter Luck man was In town from
Lena Tuesday. That part of the
county received a good soaking rain
last week, and things are looking up
Mrs. Florence Paul went to Port
land on Sunday to enjoy a short va
cation in the metropolis, visiting with
friends and relatives.
C. W. McNamer returned from Port
land on Wednesday, having gone to
the city on Sunday with a shipment
of beef cattle.
Mr nnrl fr J C Hntrnr antartjiin-
eA a fftw frtonAa nt dinner Tucsdnv
evening, followed by a theater party
at me oiar.
LOST Pair of glasses in case; also
pocket knife. Finder kindly return
to Thomson Bros, store and receive
L. Redding, who is a successful
Eight Mile farmer, was attending to
business matters in this city on Sat
urday. 25 discount for 30 days only, com
mencing May 15th. Many useful grad
uation gifts. Haylor, the Jeweler.
Mrs. C. L. Kelthley of Pendleton is
a guest this week at the home of Mr,
and Mrs. J. C. kirk in this city,
Herman Nielson, Rood canyon fir
mer, was in the city yesterday look
ing after business matters.
Claud Huston, prominent farmer of
the Eight Mile country, was a visitor
here on Saturday, '
Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Mnhoney re
turned from a short trip to Port
land on Sunday.
Born, this morning, to Mr, and Mrs
Glonn Burroughs of Jordan Siding, a
Dan Barlow was in tho city for
short time Saturday from his Rhea
Mrs. Ida M. Pyle was in tho city
on Sn turd ay from her home at Par
Arthur Erwln was a Rhea creek far
mer doing business in this city Sat
FOR BALK Some 22 head of pigs;
inquire of Pyle & Grimes, Parkers
Mrs. Lillian Cochran returned from
a week a visit in Portland Sunday,
BY 3 TO 0 SCORE
Heavy Hitting by Visitors Piles
Up Lead Early In Game While
Locals Fail to Connect
Failure of the Heppner ball artists
to connect with Broughton's speed
and curve balls cost them Sunday's
contest with Arlington, although the
many errors chalked up against them
also contributed te the result. The
game Started off with snap, Arlington
being retired the first inning in one,
two three order, in this frame the
locals advanced a man to third but
were unable to bring him fn. In the
second inning the Arlington boys lo
cated Roche and began to hit the pill
all over the lot, being able, however,
to bring in but one score. They bad
more luck in the next inning and
scored two before the third out was
chalked up against them.
In the fourth frame, with a man on
3rd and 2nd and with no outs, it
seemed certain the visitors would
add" to their score. However, Thorn
ton relieved Roche on the mound and
he pulled the locals out of the hole,
retiring Arlington without another
hit. From there on the game was air
tight, neither side being able to put
a man around the circuit. Thornton
held the visitors to few hits, striking
out a large percentage of the men
facing him. Heppner semed unable
to connect up with Broughton's offer
ings, and when they did hit the ball
it usually sailed easily into the hands
of an Arlington fielder.
Heppner plays next Sunday at Grass
Valley, where they will go up against
one of the strongest teams in the
House and AH Contents
Are Destroyed By Fire
A fire, evidently caused by light
ning, destroyed the house and all the
contents on the Roy Brown place
down Cason canyon during the pro
gress of the storm on last Wednes
The house was occupied by the fam
ily of Levi Hiatt who had moved there
a couple of months ago from Butter
creek. There had been no fire on the
premises since the noon hour. At the
time the fire was discovered, Mrs.
Hiatt was out in the yard getting the
young chicks under cover. There
dame a bolt of lightning which evi
dently struck the house near the front
porch, as a moment later the build
ing was ablaze in this quarter, and
some distance from where the stove
was located. Mrs. Hiatt and the lit
tle children were alone at the place at
the time, and the progress of the fire
was so rapid that they were unable
to save any of the contents
Red Cross Sends Books
For Local City Library
Mrs. Lillian Cochran, chairman of
the Morrow County Red Cross, has
received six books from the San Fran
cisco branch of the American Red
Cross, to be presented to the Hepp
ner city library.
Notable among these books is "The
American Red Cross in the Greit
War," by Henry P. Davidson. He was
also responsible for the League of
Red Cross Societies which now in
cludes fifty countries.
Other books in tho collection are:
American Red Cross Among the
French People," by Fisher Ames, Jr.;
The Passing Legion," by Chas. N.
Blakewell; "With the Doughboy in
France," by Edward Bumgari'ord;
Prisoners of the Great War," by
Carl P. Bennett.
TIA JUAN A HORSES AT CONDON.
Race horses are now arriving al
most daily to train for the race meet
here May 25-29. Stables for 60 horses
have been reserved at the race track
and private stables for 60 more have
been requisitioned outside the fair
grounds. Fully 150 running, trotting
and pacing horses will be here. Ten
runners are on the way from Tta
Juana, Mexico, 20 from Vancouver, 25
from Gresham and Canby and smaller
numbers from places scattered all
over the Northwest and California.
Thare will be four main races
every afternoon with big purses for
each race. May 27 is "The Dalles
Day." Special days will also be fixed
for Pendleton and for Sherman coun-
TAKEN TO ASYLUM.
George W. Allen, a resident of Irri-
gon for more than 10 years, was ex
amined on Thursday of last week as
to his sanity, Judge Benge, Sheriff
McDuffee, Clerk Anderson and County
Physician McMurdo going over thorc
to conduct the examination. The cast
is a very pitiful one, as Mr. Alien has
been a sufferer for years with cancer,
and much of the lower part of the
faoc Is eaten away. He was adjudged
insane, and Sheriff McDuffee took him
to Pendleton where he was turned
over to the care of the authorities at
the Eastern Oregon hospital. He has
no relatives residing here who could
look after him.
LODGES CHOOSE DELEGATES.
Willow Lodge No. 6tf, I. O. O. F.( has
elected George McDuffee and E, R
Huston as delegates to the grand
lodge, which meets the 20th of this
month at Ashland. The Robekahs of
Hepanor will be represented in the
grand assembly which meets at the
same time and place, by Mrs, Olive
Frye and Mrs. John Wightman, Mrs,
W. H. Avers will be a delegate from
the Hardman Kebokah lodge.
The regular meeting of Heppner
Auxiliary of the American Legion
will be held at Bethel chapel Monday
evening, May 18, at which time the
usual business meeting will be held
A full attendance of the membership
ia desired. Mrs, Earl Gilliam and
Miss Ona Gilliam will be the hostess
es for the evening.
MRS. W. E. MOORE, Sec.
COPY OREGON FLAG
LAW PRESENTED TO
W. R. C. Holds Ceremony at the
Last Meeting of the P. T. A.
For This School Year.
The program offered at the closing
session of the Patron-Teacher asso
ciation at the high school auditorium
Tuesday afternoon was one of the
best of the season. A chief feature
was the presentation to the school by
Rawlins Post, W. R. C, of a copy of
Oregon's flag law, framed and ready
to be hung on the wall where it can
be in plain view and easy observation.
In this ceremony, Mrs. Bertha Drew
Gilrnan made the presentation speech,
dwelling somewhat on the history of
our flag and expressing worthy and
patriotic sentiments. The W, R. C.
attended in a body, and other organ
isations were the Girl Reserves, 30
members under their leader, Miss
Elisabeth Phelps, and the Boy Scouts,
17 p! them, directed by Reid Buseick,
assistant scout master, each having a
parj in the program. Other num
ber on the program were:
Whistling solo by Miss Phelps, with
Mrs; Hopper at the piano; reading
by Chas. Notson; musical reading, "In
Flanders Fields," Mrs. P. M. Gem
mell, Mrs. Walter Moore at the piano;
short address by Mrs. Mahoney .re
viewing the events surrounding the
writing of Lincoln's Gettysburg at
drey; the address, by Doris Pember
ton, prize 8th grade student; presen
tation of award to prize student by
Mrs.' Shurte; vocal duet, Mrs. Moore
and Mrs. Hopper, Mrs. Sweek accom
panist; presentation of flag law, ad
dress by Mrs. Gilman; tableau, three
girls; closing, Star Spangled Banner
The president then announced that i
the vote would be taken on attend- !
ance, and the prize of $5 was won by
the seventh grade. Mrs. Turner also
thanked those taking part in the pro- j
gram, and especially the W. R. C,
and called attention to the fact that '
but three old veterans are now living
at Heppner, and these ere represent-!
ed at the meeting by J. C. Ball, com
mander of Rawlins Post of Heppner.1
Legion Auxiliary Holds
Regular Meeting May 4
The following report of the regular
meeting of the American Legion Aux
iliary reached us just too late for last
Two new applications for member
ship were received, bringing the total
up to twenty-one. Plana for secur
ing the use of the swimming pool for
women and children for certain hours
or half days during the week were
discussed and passed to the Legion
for final action. The Auxiliary would
be glad to cooperate with any other
interested organization in securing
the services of a swimming instruc
tor for women and children prefer
ably a local person and a woman if
An invitation was extended to the
Legion for a joint meeting on June
1st. No Legionairre should hold back
from attending. He will be welcome
and will be royally entertained.
Our permanent charter is expected
to arrive before the next meeting,
May 18, and if it does there will be
election of officers and other import
ant business to transact. Hostesses
will be Mrs. Earl Gilliam and Mrs.
Big Minstrel Show Will
Play Here Next Week
Bonner's Dixieland Minstrels will
appear for two nights at the Star
theatre on May 22 and 23. Sparkling
with clean humor, tingling music and
latest song hits the Dixieland Min
strels speed through one of the snap
piest shows of the season. Featur
ing Helen Lewis, the famous Radio
Jazz singer, and her Radio Girls, Earl
Bonner and Bert DuPuy, blackface
comedians, a band and orchestra, and
two elaborate stage settings, this or
ganisation comes to us heralded as
one of the best shows on the road to
day. The company will change their en
tire program each night of their stay
and on Saturday night after the. show
they will give a big dance using an
Heppner Boy Now On
College Police Force
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor-
vallis, April 30. Paul McDuffee of
Heppner has been initiated Into the
Reaver chapter of the Intercollegiate
Knights, an organization to promote
law and order on the campus. Pre
initiation consisted of blacking boots,
chasing bugs, and pushing wheelbar
row taxis for those who wished to
ride. Mr. McDuffee is a freshman In
commerce and a member of Psi Chi
The district convention of the
Neighbors of Woodcraft will begin its
sessions in Heppner on tomorrow
morning, and will continue over Sat
urday. The delegates to the number
of about 100 are expected to arrive
here this evening, and the convention
is being entertained by Maple Circle
CHRISTIAN CIII RCH
Saturday, May 16th
6:30 to 8:00 A. M.
WILL BE SERVED
Don't Miss It. Given by the
HEPPKER HIGH NEWS
The baseball game played at Lex
ington with lone reaulted in a aeore
of 4-1 in Ione's favor.
The seniors held a picnic last Sat
urday. They went up Willow creek
and spent the day. All report a good
time and plenty of "eats."
The high school smoker held last
Tuesday failed to draw a very large
crowd" on account of several other
attractions that were on that night.
The students of Heppner high ap
preciate very much the beautiful
framed copy of the Oregon Flag Law
given them by the ladies of the Re
The annual 'Junior-Senior banquet
will be held tomorrow. The banquet
is being served by the Willing Work
ers. Heppner high school is entering the
last week of school, which as usual
promises to be a busy one.
The baccalaureate service is plann
ed as a union service and will be held
at the Christian church, May 17, Sun
day. This service will be conducted
by Rev. W. O. Livingstone of Hood
River, assisted by Rev. E. C. Alford,
pastor of the Methodist Community
Monday, May 18, is the last day for
classes and the final examinations will
be held Tuesday and Wednesday.
The annual high school picnic will
be held Thursday, May 20.
The commencement exercises prop
er will be held at the school house
Friday, May 21, at 8:00 p. m. Pro
fessor Roy R. Hewitt, of the Political
t'rience department of O. A. C. will
deliver the commencement address.
The following are listed for grad
uation: Harold L. Becket, Luoola
Benge, Myrtle Craddick, Mary Craw
ford, Helena Virginia Hill, Byron
Johnson, Mary Cecelia Kenny, Erma
Lovgren, Kathleen McDaid, William
Vawter Parker, Mary E. Patterson,
Lena Reddinp, Austin I. Smith, Our-
wa-d R. Tash Edmund J. Hirl. One
or to r.f thele, however, are still in
tre caubtful column awaiting the Je
suits of the final examinations.
Following is the program for the
Comemncement exercises, Friday eve
ning, May 23:
Processional Mixed.Glee Clubs
Invocation Rev. E. C. Alford
"By the Waters of Minnetonka" ....
.- Girls Glee Club
Comemncement Address -
- - Prof. Roy R. Hewitt
Oregon Agricultural College
Honey Town" Parks
High School Chorus
Presentation of Diplomas
Mrs. E. R. Huston
Japanese Sunset" Dennen
"Persian March" Strauss
High School Orchestra
Benediction Rev. E. C. Alford
County Court Gets Road
Bond Issue Under Way
At the adjourned meeting of the
county court on Monday the matter
of getting the bond issue under way
was taken up. Representatives were
present from two Portland bond
houses, and these gentlemen sub
mitted their propositions for prepar
ing the papers in the matter, and the
bid of the Lumbermans Trust Com
pany was accepted and a contract En
tered into with them.
Th bonding company agrees to
prepare all the papers, print the
bonds and take care of the fees of
the attorneys who pass on the pro
ceedings, and also guarantee to take
the first issue of bonds disposed of by
the county if the issue is endorsed at
the election, at par on an interest
basis of 5. The bonds, of course,
will be disposed of at public sale and
a better bid may thus be obtained.
but depending upon the bond market
at the time of sale. The Western
Bond 4 Mortgage Co.. were also bid
ders for the work and were represent
ed here by Forbes Pratt, Mr. Ken
dall represented the successful bid
der. The local end of the work will
be in the hands of Woodson & Sweek.
FLAGS DISPLAYED ON STREET.
This week, under the supervision I
of the local post of the American Le- J
gion, stanchions were placed along
the curb up and down Main street
in front of nearly every business
house, for the reception of a flag stntT,
and this morning the nags were dis
played, giving the public an idea of
the beautiful effect to be obtained on
all occasions when it is proper to
spread the national emblem. Each
individual business house is now
supplied with a good flag and pole,
and all they have to do is to carry it
to the edge of the sidewalk and place
the pole in the stanchion which is set
in concrete, and the task of display
ing the Stars and Stripes Is done,
and the effect of the uniform size of
flag and height of pole is very strik
ing. Anyone desiring to secure n
flag outfit like these can do so by
seeing Paul M. Gemmell at the First
National Rank. The price of the out
fit is $4.85 installed.
WILL MANAGE BUREAU.
Portland, May 13. Will J. Rob
erts, high school principal at Onta
rio, Oregon, has been selected to
manage an "Oregon Bureau" to be
maintained at Green River, Wyoming,
by the Land Settlement and Publicity
Departments of the Oregon Develop
ment rund duinig the coming tourist
season, it was announced by W. G.
Ide, manager of the Land Setltement
The Wyoming office will be the
fourth established by the Land Set
tlement depratmont outside of Port
land, the previous three Including the
Los Angelels bureau, nad the two
"gHteway" offices at Ashtand and On
tario, in Oregon."
Eighteen new setters coming from
six states and on Canadian province.
were located In Oregon during the
first ten days of this month, accord
ing to lde. These settlers purchased
117 acres of land and invested a total
Commencement exercises for the
lone high school are being held at
the high schol aouditorium there t
8:00 o'clork this evening. Rev. John
Secor, of Pendieton, will deliver the
address to the class of thirteen grad
Gain of .4 Per Thousand Shown
in 1924 Over 1923; City Rate
Greater Than Country.
Stat Board of Health.
The Increase In the number of
births in the state of Oregon during
the year 124 is encouraging and it
is hoped that ft will again become
fashionable in Oregon to have good
sized families. The present condi
tions require that families having
children shall average better than
three in order to maintain at least a
stationary population. A study of the
birth rate shows that the city rate
is greater than that of the country.
In 1923 there were 14,992 births in
Oregon while in 1924 there were 15,-
509 according to the reports of the
United States Census Bureau. The
rate has increased from 18.2 to 18.6
per thousand population.
Births in cities in 1924 were 6,-
320, or 19.5 per thousand; in the
country, 9,189, or 10 per thousand.
Deaths of infants under one year in
Oregon in 1923 were 853, or 56.9 per
thousand; in 1924, 827. or 53.3 per
The death rate in the first year of
life has diminished from 56.9 per
thousand births to 53.3 per thousand
births. The infant death rate has de
creased rapidly in the last few years.
Oregon has one of the lowest records
in the United States. The fact is.
however, that of every 1000 babies
born in Oregon, 53 die before they
reach one year of age. In other
words, more than one in. twenty died
in their first year of life. When we
consider that our grandparents were
only able to save two out of three,
we realize the great gain that has
been accomplished by the prevention
of the diseases of childhood.
The infant welfare work of the
immediate future lies in the control
of tHe deaths which occur during the
first year of life. There is nothing
inevitable about thia mortality. Much
of it is no more necessary than that
which occurs from diarrhea and en
teritis and which has been shown to
be amenable to health work. The
death rate can be reduced by fol
lowing these essentials:
1. Skilled care of the mother be
fore, during and after the birth of
2. Intelligent feeding.
3. Fresh air day and night.
4. Scrupulous attention to cleanli
ness. 5. Regular hours of sleep.
6. Formation of good habits from
MEMORIAL SUNDAY SERVICES.
"Among the rites of nearly e-ery
people who have established an en
during civilization we find one festi
val set apart in memory of the deffd.
The living pause to honor those who
have gone before, and so man bearB
witness to his faith in immortality,
to his belief that no life that has been
lived perishes utterly, to his convic
tion that death can not mean utter
An invitation is extended to the
public to attend the Memorial Service
to be held on Sunday morning. May
24, at the Methodist Community
Church, under the direction of Rol
lins Post No. 31, Grand Army of the
All patriotic organizations are in
vited to attend in body and partici
pate in the service in honor of the
Nation's departed heroes.
DAUGHTER DIES AT NEWBERG.
Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Law son return
ed home on Saturday from Newberg,
where they had been called by the
death of their daughter, Mrs. Sarah
Spencer of Boise, Idaho. Their son.
N. F. Laws on also attended the fu
neral which was held at Newberg on
Sunday, May 3. Mrs. Spencer was
ill but a short time and died right
after being operated on for the re
moval of gall stones. Mrs. Spencer
went to Newberg from Heppner for a
short visit with relatives when she
was Attacked by the gall stone trou
ble. She had been with her mother
here during her serious illness and
had expected to return to Heppner.
She is survived by her husband, her
parents and several brothers and sis
ters. SHEEPMEN KEEPING EWE LAMBS.
According to Tom F. Boylon, vet
eran sheep buyer and stockman. 75
per cent of the feeder lambs that will
be produced in Eastern Oregon have
been contracted for and will he de
livered in September or October. The
present range of price of wethers is
from 9H to 10 cents a pound. Boy
len says there are few mutton lambs
that have been contracted for and the
indication at present is that they will
go on the market as they are ready.
Sheepmen apparently are holding
their fine wool ewe lambs for breed
nig purposes. Condon Globe-Times.
TO DEMONSTRATE NEW LAW.
Doubtless all automobile owners,
and others driving motor vehicle?
will be interested in getting lined
out on the new state law governing
lighting which goes into effect short
ly. State Traffic Officer Lieuallen
writes this paper that there is to be
a lecture and public demonstration at
the circuit court room in Pendleton on
Friday, May 15, at 8 p. m. The state
illuminating engineer will be there,
and all mechanics and others inter
ested are Invited and urged to be
Mrs. Herman U. Carr of Olex was
brought to the IK'ppner Surgical
hospital the first of the week, where
she was operated on for appendicitis
py Dr. McMuniu. Mrs. Carr was
foormerly Miss Pollie AMstott, of
Eight Mile, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
The Christian Kndeavnr Society
will serve one of its good breakfast
on Saturday morning, from li:Q to
8:30, at the Christian church parlors.
There will be a lot of the best on
the breakfash menu, and the service
will be cafeteria style.
WILL BE SILL
C. E. SPENCE, State Market Agent.
F. L. Kent, agricultural statistfean
of the U. S. Department of Agricul
ture, says the wheat crop of thia year
in Oregon will be even lower than the
light crop of last year. He estimates
that more than one-half of the acre
age seeded last fall has either bean
reseeded to spring wheat or other
spring-sown crops, and that the con
dition of the remaining acreage is
probably the lowest in the history of
large scale wheat growing, the per
centage figure being placed at 65.0
per cent of normal.
Mr. Kent aaya the condition of the
United States crop is placed at A8.7
per cent of normal, compared with '
83 per cent a year ago, and the five
year average of 81.2; that indication!
are that the production will amount
to about 474,255,000 bushels, com
pared with 590,037,000 bushels a year
ago, or a decrease of about 116.000.-
Tax in Proportion to Earning.
The late Henry Wallace, in a book
published after his death, urges that
farming lands be taxed in proportion
to their earning power and not on an
arbitrary assessment. He says that
farm lands bear a disproportionately
heavy share of the burden of taxa
tion because they yield a lower in
come than other property. Of the
agricultural outlook, the late Secre
tary of Agrciulture said:
"Clearly the outstanding danger Is
that the temporary surplus of cheap
food, combined with weak farm or
ganizations, disagreeing among them
selves, will result in the complete
dominance of our economic and po
litical life by the industrial and com
mercial point of view. When the
period of abnormally cheap food be
gins to draw to a close, city people
will think that rising prices of food
are due to tariffs, unlawful combin
ations, rising land values and rapa
cious middlemen. There is certain
to be an overgrowing city unrest.
which may result in a greatly in
creased number of strikes, and possi
bly either war or revolution."
Who Are the Objectors?
State Market Agent Spence wants
to know who are the objectors to
obeying the new potato law. If a
potato grower is giving the retailer
an honest grade, certainly he does
not oppose the law. If the"middleman
or dealer is selling his stock for just
what is in the sacks, he will not ob
ject. If the retailer is giving the
family home an honest pack for the
price he asks, he is certainly satisfied
with the law, and if the ultimate con
sumer is getting full value for what
he pays, he will welcome the protec
tion. Therefore it would seem that
those who are trying to evade the
law are those who want to sell a low
er grade product for a No. 1 price.
Mr. Spence says the law will work
for the benefit of any honest grower
or dealer, and he finds that these
classes are heartily in favor of its
Sheep Industry Looks Good.
At the present time sheep raising
is about the most profitable industry
of farming, says the state market
agent. This country is today im
porting 3d per cent of the wool it
manufactures, and yet there has been
quite a large reduction of the num
ber of sheep raised. If the present
tariff on wool is not lowered, the out
look for good prices for wool seem
to be assured for some time.
Apple Crop Prospects.
Apple growers in the Hood River
country state that production will
be light this year; that the orchards
are not blossoming for anywhere near
a normal yield. Whether the severe
cold of last winter is the cnus?, or
whether it is simply an "off year" is
Must Obey the Law.
The State Inspection department is
sending out printed notices to re
tailers of the state, defining -ha pro
visions of the new potato law, m.d
warning them that they must abide
by its provisions or be subject to
Beauty work done every Wednes
day and Saturday at Mrs. Curran s
Millinery Shoppe. Marcelling a spec
ialty. Mr. Florence Settle Pnvi.
It'll surprise youj
SATURDAY, MAY 16th
Featuring Colleen Moore, with
all-star cast Including Milton
Sills, Elliott Detter, Sylvia
Breamev, Myrtle Steadman and
Ben Lyon. From the book by
A startling expose of modern
society a story of pleasure
craving worshippers at the
shrine oT1 jjaiz. You'll ait up
and take notice; no going to
sleep on this one,
Finch & Schwarz
In a new nuvelty act of
Onf-half hour of Morrd and
lUre 1. a rcitl douhl. hcadtir
prntfritm about which you will
talk for mime time to come.
Cllll.DUKN 2:e ADULTS )
Show will alart at 1:00 o'clock.
He on time and It all.
Ml SIC BY UK. II H IIOOI.