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THE GAZETTE-TIMES. HEPFNER. OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1922.
URGES 1. 5. 01
Shipping Board Head Tells
Why Others Should Not
Deliver Our Goods.
CHEAPER FOR U.S. TO
OWN SHIPS, HE SAYS
World War Showed Need
For American Owned and
By HON. GEO. E. CHAMBERLAIN.
Member United States Shipping Board.
Editor's Note: George E. Chamberlain,
member of the United Sutes Shipping
Board, presents herewith an article writ
ten from a standpoint of long and care
ful investigation. His position in the
executive" forces of the government is
indicative of his ability to handle such
a subject. International shipping is a
subject that touches every citizen of the
nation from some angle. Every man
shou.d be familiar with its most out
A question that is often asked by
shreud business men and others, in con
sidering our merchant marine problem
is: "What is the necessity of American-owned
ships if the foreign ship-own
ers can and will carry our ocean freights
cheaper than we can do it for our-
T:.U question shou'.d have been an
swered to the satisfaction of everyone
by tije Wor d War. Then we were driven
to acknow.edge th necessity of such a
fleet, w.ien t:.e ships of those who were
t&ter our auies were diverted from com'
me.ee to war purposes and could not,
or wou d not, carry the freights that we
weie earnest.' seeking to deliver in for
eign ports. Tnen we entered the war
and heard the cry of our allies for
''Snips, more ships!" and were compell
ed to admit our poverty. Humiliating
as it was to the pride of rich America,
boasting the possession of all that goes
to make up a powerful and efficient
nation, our gallant soldiery was rushed
to tre front and to our place in the
tiring line in ships flying the flags of
other nations; eise we would have re
mained at home, impotent nad ignored.
Under the spur and lash of necessity we
brought a splendid fleet of merchant ves
sels into being, which is today the larg
est single fleet of merchant vessels in
Lesson of Experience.
Now, in time of peace, with the ex
perience of the not very distant past
to serve as a lamp to guide our foot
steps, shall we listen to those in our
own country and to the propaganda of
our commercial rivals and make no ef
fort to maintain and to use that fleet?
Shall we abandon these ships, leave
them to rot and decay, and leave our
selves an easy preycommercially and
otherwise to these great powers which,
with characteristic energy backed by the
experience of hundreds of years, are
reaching out for world commerce and
the dominance of the sea?
We have just witnessed a great Dis
armament conference which has deter
mined the naval standing of the great
powers. It behooves us to assure for
ourseives not for military purposes,
but for the protection and development
of our commercial as well as national
defense that we hold our routes on the
sea by the maintenance of our merchant
marine in order to keep a relative po
sition, at least with the other maritime
nations under the ratio that has been
established for capital ships of the navy.
The Question of Cheapness.
Superficially, at least, it is true that
foreign-owned ships, costing less to con
struct, operated under a lower wage
scale, and aided by government subven
tions because of the service to all the
people, can carry our freights at a lower
rate than we can carry them for our
selves. Whether or not they can carry
them cheaper, is quite another matter.
We can consequently meet this foreign
tompetition only by adjusting this dif-
fervntial through subvention, direct or
indirect, ard j-crmiued by congressional
ru:ii!g the pnt year immense car
roe of cereals have been shipped out
of the United States in ships flying for
efjrn fljip. because these ships were able
to underbid both the United States
Shipping Board vessels and those of in
dependent American operators. Is it
cheaper, in the long run, to permit this
possibility to continue, with all that it
involves, while our own fleet, built at
the cost of a great investment, lies idle,
earning nothing, deteriorating and going
to ruin? Is it cheaper for us to forfeit
our own independence at any cost?
The Tribute W Hav Paid.
For the past one hundred years the
foreign commerce of the United States
has amounted to the unthinkable amount
of nearly one hundred and fifty billions
of dollars. Seventy-six per cent of this
was carried in foreign ships, which col
lected as tribute from the American
shippers the freights thereon and took
that much money out of the country and
out of the pockets of our own people.
The amount that our industry and pro
duction thus poured into foreign coffers
for freights, insurance and to banking
interests, amounted to no less than
twenty-eight billions of dollars a tre
mendous indictment against the apathy
of our interest in American ship9 and
overseas trade. To just that extent
'lave we depleted our own resources and
retarded the expansion of our shipping,
industrial, commercial and agricultural
The immensity of the amount we have
thus given to others for what we might
do for ourselves can be visualized by
comparison. It is sufficient to have
built fifty-six Panama Canals. It is
ibout twenty-eight times the amount we
;ave spent in these one hundred years
for all our improvements of harbors.
waterways and canalsexcepting only
that at Panama. And in the last seven
years alone we have thus paid to for
eigners, and out of the pockets of our
own people, an amount almost equal to
the total allied debt of the allies to the
Yet there are those in this country
vho continue to ask the question why
ve should not let the foreigner carry
our freights if he will. Would it not
be far better to meet the situation which
enables this foreigner to get the lion's
-hare of world traffic by applying some
of the methods he has himself devised
to enable him to monopolize the com
merce? This vast sum, if spent in the
United States and with citizens of the
United States, would stimulate every
industry, every trade and every profes
sion that goes to make for a happier
and more prosperous people.
Tuesday Went to a music Recital
this evnir.g and heard a lot of students
play. The last peace must of ben a very
hard one for they put 2 of them at it
and they got threw in time to stop and
eat ice cream and cake witch was the
best no. on the rror:im. As fur as I am
Wednesday Ma sent me after sum
cold Cream tor.ite. Evry thing wood of
went all rite xcept I went to the tele
phone and ast her did she want Vanella
or Chocklate. She sed Dummy I want
Cold Cream for my Sun Burn. So I was
up vs. it and had to disapoint my apetite.
Thursday Got dime mowing are yd.
today and spent it for a Dream Book.
Las nite I drempt I was nite watch
man in a ice cream factry and I want
to see if it really has any bearing on
my future life.
By ROSS FARQUHAR.
Friday Sum dr. has rote the remark
that the less we wear the longer we will
live. Pa says if this
bird knows of what
he is tawking about
he knows a few cer
tain yung ladys here
in this town witch
has got a fare
chance to be hail A
harty when we sell-
abrate the SOOst an
niversity of Clum
bus discovering the
Sat Ted was try
ing to j oak me
bout Jane and mak
ing me beleave he
was hewy with her
and I got to take
rear seat and etc.
So I goes to Jane
and Frankly ast her
was it trew did she
like Ted. She was
smileing when she answered and sed.
Yes I like him. Just the same way I
like Caster Oil. I was smileing to for
I happen to no she cant bare the stuff.
Sunday Are Sunday skool sup. was
tawking about crool men and Blisters
up and tells of a man here in town witch
whips his wife evry time his dinner is
late. He ast us what we thot of it and
Jake says he thot it was an awfully bad
habit to get into. A specially in such
Monday Pa was answering sum ques
tions got out by a Cyko Annalist Co.
and he let me read it. 1 of the ques
tions was. What did you like to play
when you was going to skool. Pa rote
his answer. HOOKY. I lafTed silently
and kep the joak to myself.
Reports Hay Crop Lower Than Normal,
Hawley J. Bean, who started cutting
his second crop of alfalfa Monday, says
his first cutting was considerably less
than normal this year, and this is cor
roborated by most of the hay men in the
Meadows district and on lower Butter
To offset the light crop there seems
to be a prospect for a fair price this
year. Some sales have already been made
at ft in the stack, and it is reported that
one grower south of Echo has refused
$10 a ton in the stack for his entire
crop. Echo News.
It pays to buy good lubricating oils.
Valvoline and Havoline oils at Peoples
Hardware Company. tf.
account. Objections to said final ac-
count must be filed on or before said
JAMES G. DOHERTY. Administrator.
Date of first publication August 3, 1922.
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT.
Notice is hereby given that the under
signed has filed his final account as ad
ministrator of the estate of Bernard r.
Dokftiy, deceased, in the County Court
of tht State of Oregon for Morrow
County, and the said Court has appoint
ed Tuesday the 6th day of September,
1922, at the hour of 10 o'clock in the
forenoon of said day as the time, and
the County Court room in the Court
Hi ure at Heppner, Oregon, as the place,
of hearing and settlement of said final
The CW Battery
(Wood Separator) has
quality plates, selected
cedar wood separators.
Built right, of all new
Easily the best low
priced battery you can
Sizes to fit all cars.
Other sizes at
BATTERY ELECTRIC SERVICE
(THREADED RUBBER INSULATION)
The UNIVERSITY gf OREGON
The college of Literature, Science
and the Art with 22 department.
The professional schools of Archi
tectureBusiness Administration -Education
Graduate Study -Law-Medicine
Musk Physical EducationSociology.
The 47th Year Opens October 2, 1922
For a catalogue or arts information
Write Tht Rejiitrar, Univtrtitg of
Oregon, Eujent, Oregon.
DO YOU ENJOY SHELL
Served in any style to
Our Sunday dinner should
also attract you on these
warm summer days.
Bring the '.fe and have
dinner with us.
Legal Guarantee Giver
fY neerf Knif no pain coatinut work.
Ask to sac Gie-o-ai rile TreataeaU
Main Street. :- Heppner, Oreroa
Fords A Specialty
Oils and Grease
End of Willow Street, East of
'VTTFT Tr "PTTT fT TTTT 7"T fT TT TT TT'TTI'TITT'T TT ?n V1 fT ?1 'T STl
NOW SHE'S DEAD AGAIN
We don't know where she's
gone to, only trust for the best.
But trusting won't do: that is
what caused her death.
i Bring some money instead
of flowers to the funeral.
Gilliam & Bisbee
Diamonds -:- Watches -:- Jewelry
THE NEW JEWELRY STORE
Odd Fellows Building
Program from August 4 to August 6 Inclusive
FRIDAY, AUGUST 4th
in one of her latest and best pictures.
Also Aesop's Fables
SATURDAY, AUGUST 5th
A BIG HIT YOU MUST NOT MISS
Charles Ray in
SUNDAY AUGUST 6th
"DON'T NEGLECT YOUR WIFE"
By Gertrude Atherton. A fascinating drama of
During the first three weeks of August, we
will show only three pictures per week, on Fri
days, Saturdays and Sundays, a change each
day. The show will be closed during this period
on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thurs
days. Our descriptive program will also be dis
continued until we are running full time again.
We have selected our pictures with special
care for their big entertainment value so that
everyone who can attend should do so. Watch
newspapers and billboards for announcements.
d -T WAN ADS ARE SURE RESULT GETTERS. Use the-
NEW PRICES ON
MASON CORDS HEAVY-DUTY OVER SIZE
SIZE PRICE SIZE . PRICE
30x3'2Cl. $13.95 32x4'2 $30.75
30x3'2s.s 15.80 33x4'2 31.55
32x3 'z 19.35 34x4'2 32.40
31x4 23.10 35x4'2 33.20
32x4 24.50 33x5 38.95
33x4 24.70 35x5 39.95
34x4 25.35 37x5 42.10
Remarkable Prices on Mason Oversize "Maxi
30x3 - - - $9.25 30x3'2 - - - $10.60 -
C. V. HOPPER TIRE SHOP
FOR REAL TIRE SERVICE
The Champion Header
It's a good one
A MACHINE IS NOW SET UP. COME AND LOOK IT OVER
We Are Agents For the
Made for all makes of machinery. You can buy cheaper drap
ers than these, but no better drapeers for the money. Materials are
1 8-oz. double faced duck, first quality leather and genuine Belata belt
ing, sun seasoned hardwood sticks, and hand made by expert workmen.
Peoples Hardware Company
WHEAT RANCH BARGAIN
850 ACRES All Tillable, with good buildings
and all kinds of water; reservoirs; small orchard;
fenced and cross-fenced. 320 acres in summerfal
low. 13 miles from station.
Price, if taken at once
$16.00 Per Acre
$5,000.00 down, terms to suit on balance
ROY V. WHITEIS
Real Estate and Insurance
1 U A U
It has been proved that as much as 20 of tha
power delivered to the driving wheels may be
lost through friction, due to the use of an incor
This friction may be of two kinds the friction
of metal on metal, due to the failure of the oil
to preserve a lubricating film between the bear
ing surfaces, or the friction of oil on oil the
internal, molecular friction of the lubricant
Too heavy an oil, or an oil lacking in "oiliness"
the quality that makes it cling to the bearings
while at the same time offering a minimum of
internal or fluid friction constitutes a direct
drain on the available horsepower of your,
The right body at all operating temperatures
Made from carefully selected crudea and scientifically
refined by our patented high-vacuum process, Zerolene
has great "oiliness." It clings to bearing surfaces, while
offering In itself minimum of frictional resistance to
the engine power.
Zerolene maintains the right lubricating body under all
conditions. As the engine gets hot, bearing clearances
decrease. Analysis of Zerolene shows that the variations
in its body, at the various engine temperatures, follow in
close relation the decrease in bearing clearances.
Because of their "oiliness," stability and purity, Zero
lene oils give perfect lubrication and help to develop the
maximum power, speed and gasoline mileage of the car.
STANDARD OH COMPANY
more Dcwer fisDeed
less mctioD and wear