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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (May 8, 1891)
He who thinks to please the World is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON", OliEGON, PKIDAT, MAY 8. 1891.
W. B. DON AC A,
Groceries and Provisions,
Cigars, Tobacco, Furnishing Goods,
First-Class Goods at
aiVE ME A TRIAL
Oonntrv Produce Taken, iu Exchange for
KEEP OX HAND A STOCK OF
Shingles, Posts, Boards and Pickets.
W. C. Petebsos, '
PETERSON & GARLAND,
Real Estate Brokers
hXve on hand
In Large and Small Farms. Best Fruit
uie norm, improved ami . ouiiimnni " ATAiT?.i-rv-
Satisfaetien Guaranteed. Have on hand Borne CHOICE CIT
PROPERTY, Residence and Business. Bargains
in all Additions to the Town.
Houses Rented and Farms Leased.
' - V AGENTS FOB
London A Liverpool & Glob Insurance Co.
Guardian Assurance Co., of London.
Oakland Home Insurance Co:, of Oakland, Cal.
State Insurance Co., of Salem. Oregon.
Farmers and Merchants' Ins. Co., o f Salem
Collections Receive Prompt Attention. Notary Business a Specialty. We take
pleasure in giving our patrons ail information desired in our line of business.
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
DE-NT IS T
. l.VBAPfON, OREGOH.
J. K. WEATHERFORD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
UBAXI, - - - - - OJEGOS.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
1. L,. COWAN. J. M. RALSTON
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
ACCOUNTS KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange sold on" New York, San
rancitco, Portland and Albany, Org
Jollections made on favorable terms
II. L. McGLURE
(Vnceemor In G. H. Hrmm.l
Barter : and : Hairdresser.
Shaving-, Haircutting and Shampoo
ing in the latest and best style. Spec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies
hair. Your patronage respectfully so
Fresh & Salted Beef, Pork, Mut
ton, Sausage, Bologna & Ham.
BACON AKD LAKD ALWAYS ON HAND
AND BE CONVINCED.
Sam'i, M. (Jarlaxd,
Land In Volley. Finest Grain Ranches in
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and
Lamp Fixtures. .
PAY CASH FOI$ EGGS.
I. R. BORTJ3I.
A Good Shave, Shampoo, Hair
Cut, Cleaned or Dressed.
Hot and Cold Baths at all Hours.
Children Kindly treated. Oalland see me.
A jealous shoemaker shot the priest
dead during a service in the cathedral
at Henzen, Austria, April 17, and then
Lung diseases are being treated in
Paris by causing the patients to pass
four or five hours daily in a close
chamber where the air is saturated
with creosote eucalyptum. Favorable
results are reported.
At Pozza Pantaleo, four kilometers
(2 miles) from Rome, 265 tons of
gunpowder in a magazine was ex
ploded by accident April 23, killing
seven persons and injuring forty
eight there and injuring 200 in Rome,
where houses were shaken and
cracked, pictures thrown to the floor
and thousands of windows and chim
neys were smashed. Several historical
stained-glass windows in the Vatican
The consumption of home-made
spirits in England has increased
18,000,000 gallons during the fiscal
The decree expelling Jewish artisans
and traders from Moscow and forbid
ding those not there to enter has been
served on the city officials with a
marginal entry in the czar's own
handwriting commanding its strict
- Austrian papers urge a European
zollverein and the development of
trade with Asia and Africa as the only
answer to the McKinley bill.
Phylloxera is devastating Hungarian
The Portuguese continue to aggra
vate Great Britain by seizing tres
passing boats in South Africa.
Von Moltke is dead.
Hayti refuses to lease to the United
State's a coaling station at St. Nicholas,
which was asked for.
EAST AND SOUTH
Southern Pacific Route.
TUB MOUNT SHASTA HOllTK.
$XrttEHS TRAINS WEAVE PQHTLAND DAILY;
T .00 P, M.T
10 :2 P.M. I
10:15 A.M. I
Portland Ar9;3 A. M.
Albany Ar 6:1S A. M.
Sun FrauctSCO Lv J 9 rtW P. M.
Above train stop only at the following staUons
north of Hotelui"ic : East Portland, Oregou City,
Wood burn, Salem, Albany, Tangent, SheMds,
Halsey, Uaniaburg, JuucJon Vliy, Irving aud
B:0 P. :
Ar 4:00 p, m
AT I 12 100 M.
ILT 1 6:30 A. K,
Albany Local Dally (Except Sunday.)
Ar 9:00 A. M
Ly H tfO A. 1
Local Passenger Train Dally
Ar 1 ft riJ3 a. :
Lv 8:0 A.
Ar I :i6 P.
Lv a :40 P.
3:25 P. M.
7 :30 A. M.
8:23 A, K.
PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS
Tourist Bleeping- Cars
For accommodation of Second-Class Passenger.
attaciea to t-x prone trains.
W EST SIDE DIVISION.
BET WE EX PORTLAND AND C0K TALUS.
Mall Train Dally (Kxeept Sunday.)
At Albany and Corvallta connect with train of
uregon racinc luutroaa.
(Express Train Dally Except Sunday.)
3-Throuirh tickets to all points East and South.
For tickets aud lull Information regarding
raws, in na, vwr., cut wtn ix ngeui suxDtnon.
It. HOKULEK, E. J. UOtiKIM
Mauager. Aast tt. F. P. Agt
One aeronaut Van Tassel was
drowned at Honolulu a year or two
ago. l ne otner is now reported to
have fallen down a hatchway on a
vessel at Sumatra aud received fatal
The Canadian government refuses
to give the same rebate of toll to Wel-
lanu canal river barges or Ameiican
grain loaded at Og iehsburg, N. Tt, as
is given to the same grain if loaded
on the barges at Kingston, Out., and
American shippers ask protection
from the American Government-
claiming that this discrimination is a
violation of the treaty between Canada
and the United States. The Canadian
government, to secure the vote of
Kingston in the late election, promised
to make the discrimination.
A new $2 counterfeit silver certificate
is a verv dangerous one. It is of the
series of 1886, check letter B, 1863.
The note bears the portrait of General
JttaneocK, and is signed by W. n.
Rosecrans as register and James W.
Hyatt as United States treasurer. The
" i " in Register ' is not dotted, and
the 't in ' States is not crossed.
The geometrical lathe work is well
done. The back of the counterfeit is
excellently executed, and the general
appearance of the note is. likely to
deceive even the mjst expert.
Baron Hirsch has boucrht a lar-re
tract of land near Ridgeway, Pa., on
which he will colonize Russian Jews
to cultivate sugar-beets.
The Edgar Thompson steel works at
Braddock. Pa., resumed work Anril
21, giving employment to 2000 men,
and an explosion of gas the same day
mgntiuuv Durnea six men, tnree or
Jay Gould and a party made the
trip from Omaha to Chicago, 500
miles, in 9 hours 45 minutes, April 23.
The courthouse atSanduskv. O.. has
been damaged $25,000 by lightning.
The anti-tights bill was killed In
the Minnesota legislature at the last
"Adonis Dixey is a pauper and
nothing can be recovered from him
on a judgment. j
A party of whites who had been dis- I
charged from a tanbark camp in the i
Cum be plan d mountains at Roe k wood, i
xenn., roue into tne camp ana witn
out warning shot dead, six negroes
who had taken their places and
All the stonemasons of Pittsburer 1
are out on a strike for the discharge j
of all non-union men. . , I
Thfi emnloven in the huildincr trades I
it New Orleans are on a strike for
the discharge of all non-union men in !
woodworking mills. j
Gibson, secretary of the whisky
trust, has been indicted for trying to j
hire a man to blow up the indepen- j
dent Shufeldt distillery in Chicago. -
Zachariah Myers, a Wilkesbarre
(Pa.) farmer, says he received a mes- !
mage by a voice from a cloud saying :
" lieiore tms century closes man snail
be no more, Go tell the people to
prepare. Tell them not to wait an
hour." He has gathered a large fol
lowing, calling themselves the An
ticipators," and is preaching the end
of the world.
Burglars tired a barn near Norwalk.
Conn., and while the people were
watching the blaze the thieves entered
Jackson's jewelry store and secured
$15,000 worth of jewelry and diamonds.
Diss Debar has disappeared from
New York and it is reported that Sen
ator Stanford has given her a home
for the rest of her days somewhere in
California on condition that she live
in quiet retirement and incognito.
Anthony Comstock has secured the
introduction into the New York senate
of a bill forbidding the printing, sell
ing or giving away of " any picture or
representation oi a iemaie eitner
wholly or partially nude, or intended
as an accompaniment to the sale or
advertisement of any goods, wares or
The British sent an envov to oro-
test to the kins of Gambia, in West
Africa, against alleged abuses of
British colonists. The envoy was sent
back with pieces of flesh cut from his
body, and now war follows.
A revolution in Portugal is antici
pated. The Berlin Nachrichten says the
government has provided for the aoV
mission of American pork as soon as
the meat inspection laws of this
country are satisfactorily enforced.
Fighting continues in Manipur with
odds in favor of the English.
"Yes," said Mrs. Branson, sinking
into a chair and fanning herself with
slow movements of a palm-leaf, as if
too tired for that small exertion, says
the Christain Intelligencer, " yes, I
never neglect my duties on account
of the weather. I sweep this room
every Friday, winterand summer, and
I do it thoroughly, too; take all the
furniture out, dust behind pictures,
wipe the windows. When I've finished,
the room is clean? " But, pleaded
her visitor, the grass comes to the
front door, you stand far in from the
mad, there are no children to make a
litter, and you keep the doors etoBcd
most of the time. The room cannot
need sweeping so regularly,' "It is
my rule," said the inflexible house
wife. I don't believe in saving my
self and neglecting my home. Nobody
can ever accuse meof that sin." " Yet
you are worth something to your
home, and you can lessen that value
when you are worn out, soul aud
body, when you have only the rem
nants of your strength left for those
whom you love most dearly, and when
you grow old twice as fast as you
ought. X believe in cleanliness, but
not to the extent of worshiping it as if
it were a graven image. My mother
always swept the whole house every
week, and I Intend to do the same,
persisted the little woman, quite un
moved by all the argument. To plead
with her was a manifest waste of
nervous force. Belonging to the
school of rigid housekeepers, she pre
ferred martyrdom to comfort, and
from a lofty hight surveyed less
"thorough fellow-creatures. One's
heart aches, though, at the absurdity
of sacrifice so needless, at the amount
of vitality so uselessly expended.
When there is so much to do and so
much to enjoy, when the life we have
to do and enjoy in is so very brief,
why fritter 1 tawayon sweeping rooms
that an? already clean?
If you would rear children with
good, round chests, first measure them
with a tape. Then teach them to
practice forced inspiration through
the nostril several times a day. Offer
a prize for the first inch gained in cir-;
cu inference, f lat chested children
will soon grow round and full and the
breathing spaces larger. The result
will surprise you.
Cradles are fast going out of fashion
Cots are taking their place in nur
series. This is well. The sleep of a
child that has been neither rocked nor
swung into insensibility must be sweet
The cellar is the most treacherous
space in the house. Keep it clean,
dry, well ventilated and thoroughly
disinfected. Whitewash often. Don't
make it a place for trumpery. Many
cases of malignant typhoid, diphtheria
and other diseases have been traced
to a damp and an unclean cellar.
Never despise fresh air. Let it sweep
through all the rooms rf a. house as
often as possible. Let the nursery,
sick chamber and sleeping rooms have
plenty of it. There is nothing to fear
from it, however cold, and everything
to gain, provided you avoid direct
drafts, and clothe so as to fortify
against rapid decline of temperature.
Women require less exercise than
men; thin people less than stout; old
less than young ones, and so on,
though all require what will thorough
ly oxygenize and promote proper
Kiss the little ones " god night,'
mothers. Who knows? It may be
the last time their sweet, warm lips
meet yours; they may avaion in that
"laud of living green,' C rr. Peta
Orange Flower Sirup.
Never having seen a recipe for that
most delicious of sirups, I am sure it
will be new to many of your readers.
aud specially interesting to those liv
ing in Florida and California, wheve
these fragrant biosboms will in n IV..
months iience be abuudant, says Mr .
J. H. Furr, in the Florida Agriculturist.
The following recipe war given me
by a noted pre-rve manufacturer of
St. Augustine. T e blooms are not
usually gat tiered from the tree, but
as the fruit sets, the ground is white
with falling petals, and these are
gathered and sold for twenty cents a
pound. The petals only are used fu
the sirup, as any other portion of the
blossom would render it bitter.
To make the sirup, select ami wawh.
without bruising, one pint of white
petals of the orange flower. While
they drain on a cloth, prepare a rich
sirup of granulated sugar and water,
the same as for any fruit sirup, allow
ing a quart for each pint of blossoms.
After skimming carefully, drop in the
petals and simmer only two minutes;
stir gently, strain and bottle. Seal
while hot. It will be of a delicate sea
green color, retaining all the fragrance
of the flower, and reminding one, when
opened, of an orange grove in spring,
A spoonful added to a glass of water
makes a most delicious drink, and is
regarded by the Floridans as a nerve
tonic. It is also a unique and charm
ing flavoring for custards, icing, or
TVTifta lf ;irv F Sevmonr.editor of the
Business Woman's Journal, believes
the work of the civil engineer and
architect to be well suited to women.
In spite of the encouraging outlook
for women in many occupations the
pay received by them is much less
than that given to men. There are
three reasons for this inequality:
First, the lack of political enfranchise
ment; second, they-will take less pay,
crowding into a limited number of
employments instead of going largely
into new fields; third, many who are
supposed to be women of liesure, liv
intr on their incomes, are actually
doing privately the same work as that
by which poor sewing-women eke out
a miserable existence.
The Dairymen ComMue.
For some time past the relations ex
isting between the leading dairymen
of the state and their middlemen in
San Francisco have not been of that
pleasant sort essential to mutual satis
faction. The dairymen have claimed
that theirefforts to furnish the market
with pure butter have corne to naught
through the custom of the commission
men in grossly adulterating the
product after Its delivery to them,
and the result is that there is, they
say, hardly a pound of pure butter in
San Francisco. The dairymen, after
vainly protesting for years against
Jtiiese methods, have at last decided
w take the disposition of thefrprodiict
Into tiieir own hands and carry war
into the territory of the commission
With this end in view an informal
meeting of some of the larger butter
manufacturers has been held in San
Francisco and a call issued for a gen
era! convention of dairymen at the
Commercial hotel on Monday, June 1.
One of the gentlemen who was present
at this meeting and who ships thou
sands of pounds of butfcer every week
to San Francisco explained the object
ot the convention to a reporter.
"The adulteration of our butter,
he said, " not only reflects upon the
honesty of the manufacturer, but it
overstocks the market and demor
alizes prices. In butter, as in every
thing else, the supply regulates the
price, und you can easily see the effect
in the buying price when a ten-thou
sand-pound shipment is one-third
adulterated anil retailed out as the
pure article. Down goes the market
and the dairymen suffer while the
commission men pocket the extra
"Auother serious complaint we
have to make is the fraud practiced
by commission men in their sales.
This alone entails a loss of thousands
of dollars each year to the dairymen.
Our protests have been to no purpose,
and now we propose to dispense with
the middlemen and handle our own
produce. Our plan is to establish a
large co-operative market, which shall
he a central point for distribution. If
the commission men wish to deal with
us it is their privilege, but they" will
have to accept our terms and con
ditions. Nearly all the dairymen in
the state are Interested, and weexiect
to have them all represented at the
The commission men regard he
proposed federation with indifference.
One of them said : ' The claim of the
dairymen that their butter is adul
terated is ridiculous. - There is not a
factory for such a purpose in the state,
and it would take the profits of ten
years of business to establish one. To
mix butter and oleomargarine with
out the aid of certain chemicals and
machinery is simply impossible. If
the dairymen expect to 4 freeze us out
they will discover their mistake when
we begin to lay eastern butter down
for 3 cents a pound cheaper than they
can put California butter on the
market. I am not much alarmed at
The revenue officers assert that
large quantities of oleomargarine
have been brought into the state since
January. What has become of it?
ask the farmers. Nobody who has
consumed it can be found.
As for eastern butter being put on
the market cheaper than California
butter, the commission men have
been selling all they could of it, and
thev can't sell more. The consumers
of California fresh roll butter will not
eat eastern butter, no matter how
cheap. The dairymen can control the
business, and deal directly "with the
retailer, at cost, if not with the con
sumer, and save the commission
Thin Your Fruit.
We hope that our fruit growers will
thin well by artificial means and not
depend upon nature and spring storms
to thin their fruit for them. A state
ment is going the rounds that ' the
rain storm last week did a world of
good, from the fact that it accom
plished the work which it would other
wise have required many hundreds of
hands to perform in thinning out the
fruit from overloaded trees. There is
no doubt but that in some localities
the wind and rain did knock off a few
bvids and a good many blossoms ; but
this method of thinning your fruit
crop cannot be relied upon. This
season of all others growers should
distinctly bear in mind that heavy,
thorough thinning must be done in
order that the fruit they expect to
harvest shall be of good, merchant
able size and quality. With a large
fruit crop throughout the whole
country, only the largest, finest fruit
will sell to advantage. This class of
fruit can be secured this season only
from orchards that have been hoavily
We have paid a visit to nearly all
the leading fruit sections and find
that the trees are overloaded with
buds, blossoms and young fruit. If
growers permit their trees to carry
and mature the fruit that has set u pon
them, the result will be poor quality,
small, undesirable fruit this season,
and a very light crop gf fruit upon
those trees next season. Nature will
certainly demand a rest from over
exertion and overwork. -Watch your
orchards closely and thin thoroughly
while the fruit is yet small, before the
process of forming and developing
the pit has gone too far, as the per
fecting of the germ requires an extra
effort on the part of the tree and, tuxes
its energy, vitality and feeding qual
ities to their utmost. Particularly is
this the case in a season like the
present, when fruit has set from the
trunk of the tree to the tipsv- of the
branches so thickly that you can
hardly see any portion of the tree.
California Fruit Grower,
Tlie Chilean War;
Tiie Chilean rebels have possession
of the nitrate beds and Balmaeeda is
out of funds and he and his troops are
cooped up in a few towns ami likely
to be captured soon.
In February the government troops
massacred WKforkmen, women and
children who had assembled at Poso
Almonte to ask for provisions. March
7 the lusurgents routed the govern
ment troops and drove them from
Poso Almonte. The government
forces massacred all their prisoners
and destroyed alt the nitrate establish
ments as they fled.
Beef brings t!0 a pound at Iqiiique
and $20 has been paid for a can of
Godoy, Baltnaceda's envoy to secure
a loan Has tried England, France and
Berlin in vain and the three new
cruisers built in France cannot be got
ror want of funds to make the final
payment for them. Balmaeeda is
afraid to risk a battle except when
forced to do so, so many of his soldiers
are ready to join the Insurgents at the
April 23 the new 7000-ton gunboat
Aluiiraute Lynch, In the service of
Balmacoda, succeeded in blowing up
the 3000-tou rebel ironclad Blanco
Enculada with a torpedo, and 200
persons, comprising half of those on
A Fan-Ke public Congress.
A pnn-republie congress has been
organized for the purpose of drawing
the republics of the world into closer
bonds of sympathy. The congress is
composed of 200 members, embracing
delegates from all the republics of the
world and eminent friends of popular
government, and is to be held during
the Columbian Exhibition, in the
United States. Such names aj Cos-
tclar, .Kossuth, Herbert Spencer, Bar
tholdi and Lahouchee are among
the foreign members oi the com
mittee. Our owu country is repre
sented by such men us Curl Schurz,
Joseph R. Hawley, Dr. Eliot, pres-
idnt of Harvard University; Cardinal
Gibbons, Dr. Dwight, president of
Yale College; Bishop John H. Vin
cent, President Gilman of Johns Hop
kins University; Bishop Cheney, Ed
ward Everett Haie, Phillip Brooks,
Cornelius Vanderbilt, George William
Curtis and Rev. Lyman Abb tt. Only
four ladies appear among the notable
two hundred. These are Mrs. John
A. Logan, Mrs. William D. Cabell,
president of the Daughters or the
American Revolution ; Miss Frances
E. Willard of Evnnston, 111., and Mrs.
Sarah B. Cooper of San Francisco.
Bach Prom The Dead.
William NewbyofMill Shoals, White
county, 111., who was buried in a
trench on the battlefield of Shiloh on
Monday, April 7, 1862, has suddenly
turned up at his old home in White
county and caused a big sensation.
For thirty years the old soldier whose
death and burial are duly recorded in
the war department archives at Wash
ington has been drifting from poor
house to poorhouse and from insane
asylum to insane asylum, a strange
and piteous wreck.
Captain Gilbert J. George, who was
then Orderly Sergeant George, saw
Newby full at Shiloh and marked the
spot where he lay. Two ethers of his
command were with him wher: he died
a few minutes later. When the buriul
detail went on the field at night two
days after the battle William Newby's
dead body was tound where he had
been seen to fall, and with others he
Eighteen months ago a poor old
vagrant was admitted to the White
county poorhouse. He gave his name
as William Newby. He stated that he
had belonged to Company D, Fortieth
Illinois, during the war and had en
listed from that county.
One day an official of the poorhouse
met the youngest son of William
Newby and told him of the strange
inmate. The son saw the man and
found he was familiar with their home
and farm. Two brothers of the old
veteran identified him and he is now
at his old home. The injury to his
head has affected his mind and
The Hungarians who went on strike
in the Pennsylvania coke district have
resisted eviction from their cabins for
non-payment, troops have peen called
out and several persons have been
killed in the fights that occured.
At Scottdale one striker voted
against a motion to stay out and he
was thrown out of the building and
badly beaten. -
The miners of the upper Monon
gahela valley, who have just returned
to work after a long and disastrous
strike, refused to join the May day
strike for eight hours.
The shoe factory men who struck in
San Francisco have gone back to
work and the locked-out men in the
association factories havebeen taken
back. The union gained more than
the bosses. Differences are to be
Attempts to run cars durin g a strike
at Detroit resulted in some lively
fights between strikers and jfolice
April 23. The attempt was finally
abandoned. Three thousand stove
works employes left their -work and
joined the striking carmen that day.
The thirty-fourth artillery refused to
parade at Gosport, England, when
ordered by their officers, and stoned
the officers quarters, breaking the
windows: When other companies
were ordered to arrest the rioters they,
too, refused. The next day the Gren
adier Guards at Chelsea likewise re
fused to parade. Several arrests were
made in each case.
GEN. CROOK'S CHARACTERISTICS.
More nf an Indian than the Indian His
,qnaiaimity Never Disturbed.
At the d:tte of which I nrn now writ
ing General Crook wnn an ideal sol
dier in every sense. Ho stood about
six feet in his stockings, was straight
as an arrow, broad-shouldered, lithe,
sinewy as a cat. nud able to bear anv
amount of any kind of fatigue, ft
mattered 'not under what guise vicis
situde and privation came, they never
seemed to affect him. Hunger and
thirst, rain orsunshiue, snow and cold.
tie ciimmog up or down of ragged,
slippery mountains, or the monotonous
march, day after day, along deserts
bristling with spines of the cactus.
Spanish bayonet, mescal, and palo
rerde his placid equanimity was never
disturbed in the slightest tfegre. He
was at that period of his life fond of
taking his ride and wandering off on
nis trusty mule alone in the mountains.
At sunset he would picket his animal
to a mesquit bush near grass, make a
little fire, cook some of the game he
had killed, erect a small "wind-break"
of brush and flat stones such as the
Indians make, cut an armful of twigs
for a bed, wrap himself up in his
blanket, and sleep till the first peep of
"Yon ask me to tell you about In
dians," said an old Apache chief whom
I was boring Hbout some ethnological
matter "go to the Nantau the Chief
CrookV name abbreviatetlj; he'll
tell yon. He's more of an Indian than
But Crook did not go on "tixwin"
sprees like the Apaches; he never
touched stimulants in any form unless
it might be something prescribed by a
physician; he never drank coffee, and
rarely tasted tea. Milk was his fa
vorite beverage when be could get it,
and pure water when he could not.
His personal appearance was Im
pressive, but without the slightest sug
gestion of the pompous and overdress
ed military man; he was plain as an
old stick, and looked more like an
honest country squire than the com
mander of a warlike expedition. He
had blue-gray eyes, quick and pene
trating in glance, a finely chiseled
Roman nose. a firm and yet kindly
mouth, a well-arched head, a good
brow, and a general expression of in
domitable resolution, honest purpose,
sagacity, and good intentions. He had
an aversioo to w'eariug uniform aud to
the glitter and filigree of the military
profession He was essentially a man
of action and spoke but little, and to
the point, but was fond of listening to
the conversation of others. He was at
all times accessible to the humblest
soldier or the poorest "prospector;
without even losing a certain dignity
which repelled familiarity but had no
semblance of haughtiness. He never
used profanity and indulged in no
Probably no officer of equal rauk in
our army issued fewer orders or letters
cf instructions. 'Example is always
the best geueral order,' he. said to me
once when we were seated side by side
on a fallen log in the lower Powder
Valley, Montana, in a most exasperat
ing drizzle of rain in the summer of
1876. It certainly was true of cam
paigning in Arizona, and no officer or
soldier hesitated to endure any hard
ship when he saw the commanding
geueral at the head of the column, eat
ing the same rations as himself, and ;
uot carrying enough extra clothing to
wad a shol-guu. There is one char
acter in American history whom Crook,
saving his better education and broad
er experience, very strongly resembled
and that is Daniel Boone. VupUiith
Bourke in the Century. .-
"TerraDin," said the dealer, as he
threw aside two good-looking speci
mens for Senator Mitchell, vary more
tn price than any other one article of
food that is in the market. They range
from $4 to $30 a dozen, and from 50
cents to $7 a piece, according to size
i ne leading varieties are balls,
heifers and counts. Counts, like their
European namesakes, are most popu
lar with the American aristocracy, and
bring the highest prices. They are
from $5 to $7 apiece. They come
mostly from the Chesapeake and the Po
tomac Bulls and heifers are cheaper.
ami the prices range on down to com
mon noudesenpts at 50 cents a pice.
'Terrapin, like canvas-back ducks
end pheasants, are much in favor with
people who have schemes to push
through Congress, and who give din
ners for that purpose. Canvas-backs
at $6.50 to $7 a pair the prices at
wnicu moy are now selling terrapin
at $5 to $0 apiece, and champairne at
$4 a bottle make a dinner in which
they figure a very costly affair, but the
lobbyists are not men to stop at any
thing like that, aud these articles are
always found iipou the tables at din
ners given by tbem.
There are a good many prominent
people who gratify their tastes for ter
rapin frequently. - President Morton
has a decided fancy for them, and is a
frequent buyer. Senator Stanford, Rep
resentative Hitt, Mr. David King and
others are also great eaters of terra
pin. Healing oy Vjiecirtcjity.
The doctors and electricians sav
there is no probability of a rheumatic
receiving benefit from riding in the
electric cars, but.in spite of the doctors
and electricians, there are dozens of
men who have been materially helped
bv going to and from their business in
the motors, says the St. Louis Qtobe
Democrat. There is a down-town clerk
who every winter is laid op sometimes
for weeks at a time, with rheumaLism
of the lower limbs. It usually, begins
in October, but this fall, having an
idea that the electric cars would do
him cood. he beffan ridinsr in them.
spending as much time as he could
spare in the evening, riding to the end
of the line and back, and thus far he
has not had a touch of bis old trouble.
aud others can testify to the good that
nas ouen aone tnem in the same wav.
Thev all sav they can feel no cur
rent, but in some manner they have
been neipea, ana that is enough lor
them to know, without bothering to
find out how the thing was done.
Danger la cjeuuioiu.
One of the most hazardous manu
facturing processes is likely to soon
become a thing of the past. The great
increase of celluloid manufacture in
recent years has made camphor so
scarce and dear that the chemists have
been exerting themselves to find a sub
stitute for that gum. Some one has
now succeeded iu doing so, and a com
pany has been formed to manufacture
the new product, which is described
as possessing all the good qualities of
the old inflammable compound of gun
cotton and camphor, while being
cheaper and, in addition, absolutely
A POLAR BEAR FOR A JAILER. "
An Interesting Episode la the C4r of s
Danish Boy on the Coast of Greenland.
On the western coast of Greenland
is a settlement ealled Upernarik. ItH
is peopled partly by Eskimos and
partly by Danes. In this settlement
dwelt a Danish clergyman. Olaf Neil
oa by name, with a son aud a daugh
ter; Oticur eighteen years old, and
In early summer, Oscar frequent! ft
went bunting walrus and seal, witt
his gun or spear. It is well known
that this cold, cheerless coast is never
without icebergs. One June an ice
berg thus drifted straight to the month
of the harbor of Upernavik. There it
grounded, and the in-shore wind
pressed it with great force up Into the
laws of the harbor. The sun honey
combed it, and left huge dark cares in
many parts close to the water's edge,
and into these caverns the sea went
booming with a great sound. Oscar
and Hilda went off in their kavak
see it; and they noticed that the quiet
puuis wnicn fiau lormeu in me caves
were the resort of seals and walruses
daring part of the day.
"I shall have some good spearing
there,11 said Oscar, as they turned their
kayak toward borne. So lie ground
his spear sharp, and oiled the barbs at
the point, which was shaped like an
arrow; bent a new line to the handle
and the next day set out alone in the
kayak. Meanwhile, Hilda went up the
valley for the goats. Her parting
words to her brother were to be care
ful and to keep watch for bears, as this
was a lavoriie ttauoi oz the nerce polar
Pulling his kayak op on the rock".
Oscar proceeded out to the berg, the
base of which was not less than two
acres in area, and from it rose to a
considerable height two columns of
dark-blue ice somewhat resembling
towers in form. One of these was
honeveombed at the base, and through
the sides of the low Oat mass upon
which the towers rested were various
openings, so that when an oeeaa swell
came rolling in, it went through these
perforations with a pipinsr sound. He
decided that be would enter the main
care at the base of the ice tower, bide
there, and wait.
Moving a Ion? carefully, with the
coil of line hanging upon his shoulder
ana the spear in ms hand, he entered
the dim, cold cave. The open space.
Oscar told me, was abont forty feet
square, and in the center of it, dipping
eight or ten leet oeiow me noor ox the
passageway, was a deeu pool of water
covering abont half the are of the
floor of the cave. Into this a large.
square block of ice had fallen from the
How fortunate its presence was will
Oscar crone bed down on the cold
gray ice, his spear grasped in his hand,
and his coil of rope lying beside him
with one end fastened to his wrist. A
gurgling so and. as of hnrrying wa
on the other side of the pooK' came to
him, and be watched and listened to
make out the cause. Presently he saw
two round black heads disappear as if
they had gone through the ice at the
place whence the sound came, and
then fonr or five other heads of seals
bobbed up, as if they bad entered the
little lake from that point. He knew
then that it must be a passage leading
to the sea.
But while the gursrling sound of the
water came to him from the pool, he
heard a slighter and different noise
coming from the mouth of the cave by
which he bad entered. Turning, he
saw, to his unspeakable horror, a huge
polar bear, its shaggy hide dripping;
water! The beast had seen Jiim and
was balking along toward him. Oscar
turned and faced it for a moment but
what could he do with hia spear against
such an assailant? The spear could -never
go through that shaggy coat and
thick hide. How the animal's claws
spread and stretched over the ice as it
came along! Nearer and nearer it
came, now crunching lower, its muzzle
thrust ont, and its claws stretching
fartlier than ever from its feet
There was only one coarse. Oscar
sprang into the icy water, jmd in
three or four strokes was close fo-the,
ice-cube. His spear and coil of rope
were upon his shoulder, and by driv
ing the spear into the hard blue cube
he was enabled to get up n iL It was
just large enough to bear his weight;
but be was obliged to stand very still
on the middle of it to prevent it from
heelifeg to one side and sliding him in
to the water. It was almost as dark
as night in the pool, and Oscar conld
see the two glowering eyes of the bear
looking down upon him. But the
beast did not come into the pool. It
turned away from the brink, and for
two hours two hours of wet, and
cold, and terror Oscar did not see the
Then Oscar resolved to" go to the
top again and sprang into the water,
climbing hastily by the easiest way to
the floor of the cavern. To his utter
dismay he saw the great brute lying on
tbe ice close to the cave's mouth!
Hour after hour passed, notil Oscar
knew that it must be late in the after
noon, for the sun shone yellow on tbe
ice beyond the month of the cavern.
Still his savage jailer made no move;
still Oscar sat, not moving from the
lump of ice, thinking of tbe terror of
Hilda at his long absence. Still an
other hour went by. and the golden
glow on the ice outside begen to turn
to gray, for the sun was below the
hills that sheltered Upernavik.
Another half-boar of terror passed,
and then Oscar saw the bear spring to
its feet, thrust out its head, and make
for the opening of tbe cavern. Ostfar
held his breath, and. peering out, saw
a seal slowly crossing the great ice
platform, making for the rocks. The
bear swiftly disappeared, naking after
this new prey, and you may be sure
Oscar was not long in getting outside
of this terrible dungeon.
What was Oscar's amazement pres
ently to see the seal stand up. throw
back the far from its head and shoul
ders, and turn into a girl! yes, into
his own dear sister Hilda!
She shouted aloud and waved ber
handkerchief. The bear, - evidently
disconcerted, turned, ran lumberingly
up a gulch, and disappeared into a
tangle of ground-firs.
When the brother and sister met
their joy was so great that neither
could speak a word. Hilda, borrow
ing another kayak, had come to look
for Oscar, and had seen the bear at
the month of the cave. At once sus
pecting the cause of her brother's
absence, she went home, got the skin,
and personated a seal, with the com
plete success I have recorded. Ed
mund Collins, in St. Nicholas.
An English company is working a
silver mine in Bolivia viai yields
more than S60 ounces tor iv i-hiie
specimens of almost ujl'' t
with. '- t a . :