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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1891)
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M, "'! I ('- t it nil thedny
lM,w r oiut .v t.')tlo shirrs
titW o 1 n viry rtiinv,
m mid mo broosa am-" on thy
: fey! t art near bio, though bidden from
Like a 1 ctutifut bee on the breast of
But INyrho shall lend tne her lamp J the
'! rt'ixiver tweet love in tnmmrr'i men
The trtars thst adorn with vwer of flame
1 hp crystalline atop of tho heiurenly niter,
Be witness that though 1 but guess at the
Ita liiuaioal sound I feelingly falter.
Then (om(. little Rover, (mine to thr wst
What 1 the need that thou further abouldst
Fold thy i!t wins o'er ray heart's rosy neat.
And thou and 1, lovts, shall only grow
A BAG WITIIIIOLES.
Aunt Fratt sat In the south window
of the kitchen, knitting:. She had a
right to sit there, for she paid her
........ board punctually, having "means," as
the neighbors said.
What the Potters would have tloue
without her board to help them they
could not think now they had it. Yet
before Mrs. Potter's Uncle Ebenener
died they had lived jtiat as many other
poor people lire. Uncle Ebenezer had
never helped his niece at all since he
eave her a modest outfit and a hun
dred dollars in cash when sho married
Rowley Totter, a young fellow who
was fretting good wages lit the great
rifle factory at H.
Lonts-a was a pretty, capable, bright
girl then; but that was twenty years
ago. Kow she was a thin, sallow,
fretful woman. Potter still worked in
the "rifle shop," as they called it. but
he had only $1 a day more wages than
when he was married, and there were
four children. Lottv, 18 years old.
pretty, pert ana Tain, worked in
hosiery. Tom. 16, was in a nut and
bolt "shop;" Idalla, a girl of 14. was
"cash giiT' in Holmes & Harper'i
crrsst. riti'-Of-w.la ctfwA T .,.l 1 ..
f - - - - ' ...... . V , i t II 1.111
paid their board, "Idy" clothed her
self, sue coma get bargains ana renv
nants so cheap; when she should be
promoted into a "sales lady," she. too
would rav like the others. The fourth
child, little Davy, was only JO; he went
vo a puouc senooi.
When Aunt Pratt was left a widow
she made up her mind to sell the farm
a i a , . . .
ami ooara somewnere; sne naa no
children, but she did have rheumatism
enough to tire her with its aches and
stiffness more than a family of tho
noisiest boys and girls could have tired
her. The farm was a good one, well
improved, the house and barns i
inoroagn repair, ana mere were six
cows and two horses, as well as plenty
w Lumnii; implements, one got f 4
AGO for the whole. The neighbors sai
it was worth more; the buyer said it
was worth less; so shrewd Aunt Pratt
considered the price fair.
Then there was $1,500 in the Dalton
Bank, the slow aecnmulatiou of butter
, money, egg monev, the sale of poultry
and calves; $6,000 in all, ami everv
cent of it her own. Squire Hart, of
lialtoa, who was executor of the will
invested the money in safe ways, at 6
per cent, and Mrs. Pratt began to look
about her for a home. She knew that
Louisa Potter had felt hurt about her
Uncle Pratt's will; he only left to hei
her grand mo tiler's mahogany furniture
and the savings bank book in which
he had deposited the profits made out
of the i riesland hens and the white
heifer calf she had left in his hands
when she married a sum amounting
i , o
But Louisa and her husband had ex
pected more, and Mrs. Pratt was
just woman, capable of understanding
ouier people s feelings; so she did not
wonder. After much thought, and
without any suggestion from them,
me proposed to come into II. and
board with Louisa. So they gave up
to her Lotty 's front bed room, and put
. Lotty in with Ida; and as thercooked
and ate in the same room where they
sat at evening. Aunt Pratts rocker,
her foot-stool, her Email round table
and her work-basket were established
in the sunny south window, where she
eould look down into the street and up
into the sky; for this tenement was on
a corner, and the Potters had the third
It was a great change for Aunt
Pratt, but she was a woman brought
.yp tlie old .New England fashion, to
to'fcat she perceived to be- a duty,
however nn pleasant and painful, with
out shrinking or complaint; and she
had made up her mind that it was her
duty to Help the letters.
She missed the fresh air of the farm,
the quiet of her own house, the new
milk, the sweet butter, the good bread:
uufc one sum uuuung as. sne sat, day
mwr uaj, in ner window Knitting or
mending, her big bible open on the
stand, and her thoughts very busy with
the things around her, as well as with
me itungs inai are aoove. Jr or Aunt
ITatt nad made a resolution to leave
her money in the wav it would do her
relatives the most good, and she must
stuay tnera and tneir customs before
. she could discover what that way was.
ue soon found out that they were al
ways in debt. Potter had good wages.
Lotty and Tom were off his hands, Ida
- - j - - . v. tn i, 1 1 hi. i , a iiia
S fit i rvnlTr Iv.- hAQKl l. .1
lavy was inheritor to Tom's old
clothes aud his father's, too. It seemed
to Aunt Pratt that there must be a leak
somewhere that she did not discover
at once. 7 -
She was reading her bible of conrs
and one day came upon a verse in the
phophecy of Haggai that seemed to ex
plain the situation to her, and open!
her eyes. The nest day Lotty carae- in
shivering; she had eanght a severe cold
- ana muuuea over the cook-stove
wramjed in an old shawl nmio-hrut
sighed and scolded all day till she was
iia nAn Ti3r m Bumiw .
"flave you got on yot winter flan-
oels.'" asked Aunt Piatt, for it was now
'Mftannets 1 guess not. 1 haven
"Well, poor folks can't have everv-
niing. i a got to have a winter suit,
ana mere was such a Jovelv one at the
v Koston store; a satin petticoat,, with
drapery of camel s hair imitation I
roei, out awfully pretty and a real
yiidid basque, with satin vest aut
buttons; only $20. I tell you, Aut
i-ratis it was a swell and no mistake
.. but I couldn't afford soft flanujels. af tei
t "Is it a thick dress?" queried Aunl
"No, not so very; aots,thick as-this
pop dress; but I don't mind that. '
,"And your shoes,, are they thick?"
"Oh, they're just cheap boots; thick
.les do cost so. My best ones are
ench kid with lovely high heels.
. ley can't have thick soles."
And. have you got a warm petti
. af P -
"Mercy! I don't want to be all
nped up with things. I've got an
felt skirt and a striped cambric for
y day, and four white ones,
med with edging." '
nt Pratt shook her head.
--v "he bag! A hole in the
. hat upon" but a fit of
- popped the words and left
&t so sore she did not finish
- " 'on.
She w:U so ill that nigtit a uocior
w sont f..r ,t ynung man round the
corner, j;iit beginning practice, there
fore cheaper than a man of experience.
He at once proceeded to blister his pa
tient and giv her antimony. Low de
lirium set in, and for i weeks Lotty
wax miiiuie 10 leave ner oea, ana for a
month more she could not go to work,
iJuis came in to twieo the amount of
the blue dress a price, and could not
"Oh. what a hole In the bag!" sijilunl
V hen Ijotty was a little better, her
xatner came in one noon with a band
bill given to him in the street a Haul
ing advertisement of the "Black
"Say, Lou, don't you want lo go to
his to-night? It's a month o' Sundays
since we ve had a lark; let's
said, tossing the play bill
wiie s lap.
"Oh, pa." screamed Idalla. "take me.
Oh, do! Now won't youP"
'N'tne too," screamed Davy, who
had a hoarse cold.
"Oh, shut up!" snapped Potter. "I
don't want two babies taggin at my
heels. Somebodv's got to stav with
Lott." " '
"Why; there's Aunt Pratt," said Ida.
'Maybe she'd like to go; would you
Aunty?' asked Potter, blandly. He
had a mind to keep the right side of a
woman with "means."
"Me!" said the old lady, with astern
reproof in her voice and face. "Me
go to such a place? No, Indeed!"
"Well, well! everybody to their
mind. 1 like a bit of fun first rate,
now and then. We go quite consider
able, first and last; a body must be
"O. father!' put in Mrs. Potter,
urged by the whispered teasing and
cross faces of Ida and Datv, "do take
them children aloug! Ida hasn't been
nowhere since Lott was took sick; and
Davy's only a boy. Let him have a
godu time while lie can; his troubles
will come fast enough before long.
Now, do let 'em jro," " "
"Well, I guess they can. Itt won't
want em if Aunt Pratt s here."
So at night he came home with four
tickets to the performance, a bag of
peanuts and a paper of candv, and
they set out to enjoy themselves. Tom
had announced at 'noon that he was
"goiu to take his girl."
Aunt Pratt groaned in spirit, "An
other hole in the bag, and a big one!"
she said to herself.
When would the doctor's bill and Ihe
debts at the drug store and the grocer's
ever be paid?
Aunt Pratt had alwavs lived in the
country and l en hom-M. She had no
experience ot the class who crowd our
theaters, minstrel shost halts and cir
cuses, who buy cheap finer and ex
pensive, poor beer and bad butter, but
never pay their rent or lay np one
penny in all their lives.
As spring came on Aunt Pratt no
ticed one day that Potter looked dis
gusted with his dinner, and Lotty left
hers untasted. No wonder! Aunt
Pratt could not cat it herself. The po
tatoes were poor and boiled to a wat
ery, insipid mass; the calves liver
fried to a black, leathery substance;
the bread old and dry, and the turnips
rank and unsavory.
"I say. pa!" exclaimed Tom. "we're
an gemn spring poor, i don t care a
hang for my "vittles. Let's have a
dozen of larer, that'll set us all ui."
So the lager came, was used up, and
anomer uozen oiiierea, ana then an
other; but the appetites did not ira
prove nor the cooking. At last the
beer seller refused to fetch more, un
i i . , . ..
es wdh ne naa brought them was
"Oh, dear! Ob, dear!" sighed Aunt
Pratt. "What a hole in the bag!"
Next day she said to her niece:
Lowisy, will you let .me buy and
cook the dinner to morrow? I'll make
you a present of all the Tittles I get,
if you will."
Louisa consented, much astonished.
and Annt Pratt came back from mar
ket with two pounds of solid beef a
coarse piece, it is true, but cheap and
fresh. She bought a few onions, a
carrot and one small stalk of celery,
the whole cost 36 cents. Then she pre
pared a stew, and paring the potatoes
put them in cold water till it was time
to add them; the celery, two onions,
half a carrot sliced thin, was cut in
with the beef, which she had cut into
pieces of perhaps two inches square.
Salt and pepper were sprinkled in lib
erally, and as she- put her stew on be
fore breakfast and let it simmer all
morning, adding the sliced potato at
11 o'clock, it was well done bv noon.
Kjeorsre! how (rood the dinner
smells!" ejaculated Tom.
"Oot roast turkey, Lou?" inquired
Potter, sniffling and smelling.
Even listless Lou wanted some din
ner that day; the rest recovered their
appetites without any more lager!
"I wish the land you learn cookin
of Aunt Pratt!" said Potter.
I wonder if I've sewed ud that
hole?" thousht Aunt Pratt.
But she had not, Louisa was too
old to learn new tricks, as we say
about dogs; she continued to buy the
best meat and cook in the worst way,
and still the money leaked from that
hole in the bar.
Hullo, Tona!" said Potter one Sun
day morning, as Tom sauntered into
the room with a half-smoked cigar in
his mouth. "Ain't you tonev? Whv.
that cigar smells like a rose!
Aunt Pratt wondered what sort of
rose had an odor like tobacco.
It had ouarht to." sententiouslv re
marked Tom. "Them fellers cost me
5 cents apiece by the hundred."
"Well, I kin put up with my pipe so
fur; but you young fellers have got to
have your fling, I reckon. Byvm-by
you'U fall back on brier wood and nig
"Another hole in the baar." mur
mured Aunt Pratt, who had watientlv
darned Tom's threadbare socks and
patched his worn shirts for him everv
week for months.
"Wrell, here I be!" shouted Potter
he came in one Monday morning about
10 o clock.
"Why, what has fetched rouhome?"
inquired his wife. j
HJh, or fellows have strut k: we're
goin' to. have less work and more pay;
them darned capitalists has overrode
us long enough; we're bound to have
our share of the dollars we make, now
I teil you!"
for the mercy s sake!" ejaculated
"Where are von s-oinfi to work
bow?'' dryly asked Aunt Pratt.
"Why, back arain as soon as the
bosses come to terms."
"But supposin' they shouldn't,"
"Oh, they've srot to. can't lose their
contracks, no way; we've got 'em where
the hair's short."
"But supposin' they hold out for a
month's time or six weeks?"
"Oh, we get a'lowance out of the
assessments; we ain't goin to starve."
Who's paying them assessments?"
"The fellers that have srot monv
laid away; they're taxed for the gen-'
eral eood; so much a week till the
"Be you assessed?"
"Lord! do you think I've sot a. eent
in the bank? Four children and starv
ing wages. What's $3 a day with fonr
in the family, an' clothes, an rent, an'
Tittles, an' light, an' fuel, an' doctors.
an' Lord knows what all?"
"A bag with holes!" ran throuch
Aunt Pratt's mind as she looked back
on the past six months.
VV eefes passed on; the "bosses" were
not only farm but hired other en in
the striker's jdAces and went on. Tifh
tho contract, roller sulked, and
lounged and swore, and m.ido hU pipe
and himself a daily nuisance In tho
house. Before long Aunt Pratt dis
covered that the assessments were de
creasing, and alarmed lest Potter
should insist on sharing her small
property among his brood, on com
munistic principles, she quietly with
drew herself one day to an Old Ladies
Home, whero the payment of a small
um Insured lier a peaceful and pleas
ant home for life; and from her retreat
she gave much aid and comfort to the
women of the Potter family, but re
fused any to the two men.
"I can't waste my pittance on beer
and tobacco!" she said shandy, and
she meant what she said. When she
died, her money was all left to the
Home where she lived, to endow two
free admissions, the three women of
the Potters to have the preference.
"I have lived," said the document,
after the terms of the bequest." to see
what the bible meant where it says in
Haggai, i. 6.Ye eat, but ye have not
enough; ye drink, but ye are not tilled
with drink, ye clothe you, but there is
none warm; and he that earneth wages
earneth wages to put in a -bag with
holes;' and I will noHeave behind me
any dollars to go into that bag."
"Old crank!" said the disappointed
Potter, when the lawyer finished read
ing. "Who? Haggai P". politely inquired
that gentleman. Rose IVrry Cooke.
FEMININE WONDERS IN KANSAS.
aohlirmmu of tho Klr 8rx on tha Farm
Rlpa for Woman. Safrraga-
The young Kansas farmer goes out
into tho fields at daylight and by
nightfall hai cribbed ISO bushels of
corn. The young man's sister can
filay the piano, do the housework, aud
n fuislest limes goes out with the men
and does so much ivork as to astound
her best friends. A pretty Dickinson
County girl, aged 15, droie a self-binder
over 1.200 acres and took care of the
four hores hitched to the machine.
During the spring she helped to plant
120 acres of corn, did the housework
for a family of seven, went to ten
dances; tried twice to elope, taught tho
most interesting class in the Suuday
school. and now talks of going to Africa
as a missionary, aud says U the Lord
speaks up loud enough she will go
among the lepers.
A Brown County girl looked after her
father's grape patch of tea acres,
picked the apples on 1.000 trees, and
when her male parent pocketed $5,000
from the sale of the fruit did not ask
for any of the money because she
knew she wouldn't get a penny. She
believes in the Alliance principles, can
play tennis, row a boat, or ride the
wildest horse iu the country.
Another young woman living in
Irving Township worked in harvest
field as well as a man. herded cattle
and sht-ep for several summers, and
this winter will teach school. She has
three young sisters, who are following
in her footsteps.
The bright daughter of a "squaw
man on the reservation wants a white
husband and she is wot thy of one.
lier sister married an Indian, and her
father gave them a farm aud a curse.
lie thinks the unmarried one is too
good for an Indian. She has tatisrht
6cliool. driven race-horses and won, has
never been beaten la trade, equals any
man in me country in tieetness of foot
can shoot with the best of them, aud
would work her hands off for her
A Lincoln County girl got her father
10 give ner a farm and lives on it.
looking alter eighty acres without help,
and last year cleared $1,000. besides
buying clothes, machinery, and stock.
Hits year she has a girl friend for
companion aud a hired man.
A woman. 60 years old. has farmed
nearNotawaka with continuous sue
cess. Her place is small, yet she makes
money and gives liberally to the ueedy.
She never leaves her farm except to at
tend the meetings of a woman's
A Hiawatha woman who has a hus
band helpless from rheumatism has
kept him and a large family of child
ren by directing work on an eighty
acre farm. She is a zealous worker
in church aud Sunday-school, and says
sue owes no one a cent. lier farm and
buildings are iu better shape than
those of her more fortunate neighbors.
There are huudreds of bright women
and girls who have taken up claims in
the western part Of the State and lived
on them until they got a deed for the
land. There are "huudreds of w omen
in the State who mauage to keep men
depending on them from goinghungry;
there are hundreds of women who j-au
do anything a man can do, or has ever
done, and there are hundreds of women
in Kansas who want equal rights with
men. The signs are that what they
ask will be conceded them. They have
taken charge of the public schools.
and no State in the Union has better.
I hey are members of school boards.
county and citv Superintendents, and
teachers. They lead ia the educa
tional and prohibition movement.
They are making no noisy or threat
ening clamor tor equal rights. They
are simply showing bi- what ihev do
that they are the equal of man aud
that the ballot in their haud would
not only be safe, but wisely used for
the betterment of the people and de
velopment of a stale that is coming to
the front with greater strides than aiiy
. i . i .
otner in tne union.
Bonbons of Courlahlp.
It is a popular liction that a girl can
marry a man without, as the saving is.
marrving his family. It is not true.
oomeiimes a grape uoes spring irom a
thorn, and a pure, temperate son
descends from a vile, sinful father.
His mother's blood, perhaps, has saved
him. Still, in marrying this man you
marry the soiled family record, and
must, to some extent, share in tho suf
fering caused by his father's sins.
Heredity we may or may not believe
in, but we have all seen characteristics
pass one generation by, to appear in
greater strength in the second. You
run the risk then, even if your luiHband
is all that he should be. of beiusr an
unhappy, anxious mother. . In respect
to disease aud insanity the same law
obtains. I am uot speaking in favor
of the selfish, mercenary marriage,
but I am advocating the intelligent
counting of the cost before the con
tract is signed. Parents who would be
sliocked at their daughter's choosiug.
as an intimate friend, a giti of whose
antecedents they knew nothing, do
not always refuse to allow that same
daughter to marry a man whose fam
ily they meet for the first time at the
It is one thing to entertain an im
maculately attired caller who briugs
bonbons in one hand and roses in the
other, and quite another to see him
off-guard with his brothers and sisters
in his environment, not the one your
parents' culture and success have
given you. He docs not seem like a
stranger in your home, and yet you
might never be anything but an alien
in his. Helen Jay, in Ladies' Home
A colored man made a reputation as
a steeplechaser on the farm of Captain
F. W. Green, on White's Creek, says
tho Nashville American. A fox that
had been captured in a trap was turned
loose iu the face of a pack of hounds
and a body of horsemen for a chase.
The negro joined in the chase and
actually outstripped both horses and
dogs and captured the fa aliy with
THE WORLD OF SCIENCE.
Siani is to have a $100,000 elt ctrio
railway thirty miles long.
Mr. Vlllard will spend tl.600,0C0 in
transforming the street-car linos in
Milwaukee so they can run by elec
tricity. A Hoosier inventiva genius has re
cently patented a votlug-booth that can
be folded up into the smallest ponslble
space tor transportation.
Statistics show that about 13 per
cent, of all railway accidents ia the
Uulted States arising from derailments
are caused by defective frogs and
The manufacture of ftlumlunai is
lowly coming down to a practical com
mercial basis. The Pittsburg Reduc
tion Company turns out 3.000 pounds a
week, and sells it for $2 a pound. Tha
Company is behind its orders, and is
Increasing Its plant.
A lasting machine that enables one
operator to last 8,000 pairs of shoes a
week is one of the latest things in
labor-saying machinery. It tackles
anything from light feminine foot-gear
to the heaviest brogans, and the pro
duct is superior to baud work.
Ship railway projectors have been
figuring on a route from Lake Huron
to Lake Ontario, which if operated
would cut out 428 miles of lake navi
gation and 28 miles of canal between
Chifiigo and Montreal. The railway
would be 69 miles long and the esti
mated cost $12,000,000.
If cloth can be made out of fine spun
glass, it would seem a simple matter
to make ik out of wood, and this is
done by boiling strips of fine grained
timber, crushing them between rolls,
raring the filameuts into parallel
lines, as with ordinary textile material,
and rpinulng them into threads from
which cloth can be woven in the usual
Electricity has not been practically
applied in the art of muslo heretofore,
except, perhaps, in the operating
mechanism of church organs. George
Breed, of the United States Navy, has
devised a method by which the passage
of a broken current over a conductor
in a magnetic field produces tones of
varying pitch and volume.
Modern methods are changing con
tinually towards simplicity and rapid
ity in the smallest things. The Penn
sylvania Railroad has introduced the
measurement of oil by weight ia its
supply department. An odd number
of quarts can be run off more quickly
by weight than by ladling. Oil aver
ages about seven pouuds to the gallon.
Fireproof construction of buildings
is slowly growing more and more of an
exact science. Species of porous terra
cotta tilling is rapidly coming into use.
Sixty thousand dollars' worth ot it was
recently put into one building in Chi
cago. Experts say. however, ttiat as far
as tire-proof floors are concerned al
ternate layers of plank and cemeot
form the most impenetrable of con
structions. Systems for distributing power in
cities from a central station are com
ing more Into use every day. Steam,
electricity and compressed air are the
common agents, but Paris has a system
which is the reverse of that employing
compressed air. Tho motors operate
by a vacuum created by immense air
pumps at the central staliou. The cost
per horse power per hour Is 23 cents.
about the same as with the ordinary
gas engine w hen illuminating gas is
The track mileage of street railways
In the five leading cities of the United
States is: New York. UGH. Chicago.
865; Boston. 829; Brooklyn. S2f ; Phila
delphia. 824. The mileage of different
motive powers is: For horses. 2.351;
electric, city. 260; 'cable. 255; steam,
elevated. 51; surface. 221. Three cities
have elevated roads New York, 82
miles; Brooklyn. 24 miles, and Kansas
City, A miles. Baltimore uses nothing
but horse power motors, aud Scranton
has uone but electric roads.
A CANADIAN MISSIONARY.
Father Ltcoatb and Hla Vuaalllna Flaa
to tha Hlarkroot Indiana. "
The history of the conquest of the
wilderness contains no more pathetic
story than that of how the kind old
priest. Father Lacombe, warned the
Blackfoot Indians against the coming
of the pale-faces. He went to the
reservation and assembled the leaders
before him in council. He told them
that the white men were building a
great railroad, and in a month their
workmen would be in that virgin
country. He told the wouderiug red
men that among these laborers would
be found many bad tileu seeking to sell
whisky, offering money for the ruin
of the squaws. Reaching the greatest
eloquence possible for him, because he
loved thelndians and doubted their
strengtb.'he assured them that contact
with these white men would result in
death, in the destruction of the In
dians, and by the most horrible pro
cesses of disease and misery. He thun
dered and he pleaded. The Indians
smoked and reflected. Then they
spoke through old Crowfoot:
"We nave listened. We will keep
upon our reservation. We will not go
to see the railroad."
But Father Lacombe doubted still,
and yet more profoundly was he con
vinced of the ruin of the tribe should
the "children." as he sagely calls all
Indians, disobey him. So once again
he went to the reserve, and gathered
the chief and the headmen, and warned
them of the soulless, diabolical, self
ish instincts of the white men. Again
the grave warriors promised to obey
The railroad laborers came with
camps and money and liquors aud
numbers, and the prairie thundered
the echoes of their sledge-hammer
strokes. And one morning the old
Criest looked out of the window of his
are bedroom and saw curling wisps of
gray smoke asceuding from a score of
tepees on the hill beside Calgary.
Angry, amazed, he went to his door
way and opened it. and there upon the
ground sat some of the headmen and
the old men, with bowed heads,
ashamed. Fancy the priest's wrath
and his questions! Note how wisely
he chose the name of children for them.
when I tell you that their spokesman at
last answered with the excuse that the
buffaloes were gone, and food was hard
to get. and the white men brought
money which the squaws could eret.
And what is the end? There are al
ways tepees on the hills now beside
every settlement near the Blackfoot
reservation. And one old missionary
lifted his trembling forefinger toward
the sky, when I was there,, and said:
Mark me. In fifteen years there
will not be a full-blooded Indian alive
on the Canadian prairie not one."
.through all that revolutionary rail
road building and the rush of new
settlers. Father Lacombe and Crow
foot kept the Indians from war, and
even from depredations and from mur
der. When the half-breeds arose under
Riel, and every Indian looked to his
riflo and his knife, and when the mut
terings that preface the war-cry sound
ed in every lodge. Father Lacombe
made Crowfoot pledge his word that
the Indians should not rise. The
priest represented the government on
these occasions. The Canadian states
men recognise the value of his services.
He is the great authority on Indian
matters beyond our border; the am
bassador to and spokesman for the
Indians. Julian Ralph, in Harper"
Weekly. . , ,
WIT AND HUMOR.
The man w ho is
quarrel rarely complains of
crop. .sr. top Acu'S.
The fish that has felt a hook kn ows
the danger or taklug snap judgment.
A'ew QiUun IHeaynnt.
Marrying rich widows, like drink
ing liquor. Is often done solely" for tho
etrecis." Texas Sijlinys.
A woman has been known to beml a
man's will during life ami break It
after his death. liinghamlon LeivU r.
It takes a good deal of money to
keep rich men's sons going: but it
doesn't tuko them long to get there.
There's a time for every thing. Tak
ing off your boots after you get in bed
Indicates a high old lime. .Utwjh imlon
' Hello, old
man! Where did you
pleasure bent. 1
siiiiioe." "No. my bov. on pleasure
broke." Sf. Joseph News.
"Your habits will be tho death of
me." said Mrs. Illrsltley. "Well, your
costumes are ruining me," retorted
Mr. II. A, y. Herald?
Keep your troubles to jourself;
when you tell them you are taking up
the lime of the man who is waiting to
tell his. Atchison Globe.
You don't catch me ever getting
drunk again." "Why nol?" "Be
cause while on my last spree I paid all
my debts." Fiiegende Blatter.
When a wlso man said: "Discre
tion is the better part of valor," all the
cowards in the world found a motto
for their caps. Alehism (Jlobe.
There never was a mau's prayer that
did not have himself in it. nor a
woman's that did not refer to either a
man or a child. Atchison Ulobe.
Mr. N. Peck "In all the jenrs we
have been man and wife " Mrs.
N. Peck "Husband and wife. Nathan
husband aud wife." Atchison Globe.
It has been hinted that the touching
ballad. "Here Lies nu Air," was
dedicated to the man who is const ant y
bilking about his salary. IVasiinjtun
New York is being treated to a Ger
man play called '-Die Wilde Jagd."
An adaptation of "Ten Nights iu a
Barroom," probably. lndiantio!is
"Do you not feel the eloquence of
nature here on this glorious crag?'' she
murmured. "Yes," he answered. !
lo. The mountain's peak." Philadel
Suooks "There were very few peo
ple nt the funeral of Dr. Soonover.'
Skaggs "No wonuer; hardly auy of
his patients have survived him."
Most people seem to think a rumof
Is like a subscription list. Every time
it comes to them they add something
to it and pass it along to the next
Daughter "Why is it. ma. that a
honey moon is supposed to last ouly
three months?" Ma "At the end of
three months the quarterly bills come
in. i. l . neeKiy.
Husband (gloomily) "I lost $50
last night playing poker." Wife
And vet you can't afford to buy me a
bonnet?" Husband "Well. I should
say oot," Racket.
You can't peel the bark off the hon
est watch-dog that bays deep-mouthed
welcome as you draw near home at S
a. in. however much you may- desire
to. Washington Star.
"I love to sit before a blazing fire
and watch the figures In the flame."
"Vhell," said Isaacs, "Dher bleasure
ohf dot dependts larchly on dher in
surance." JV. y. Bun.
Giles "How Is it you didn't send
that borrowed money you promised
when you knew 1 was sick?" De
Jinks "You see. I heard yon were
likely to die., Jlunse'ys Weekly.
Teacher "Now. children, which state
produces the most corn? Pupil
Kentucky." Teacher "Wrong. Why
do you say Kentucky?" Pupil Keu
tucky produces the' most kernels."
Proud Mamma "Look. Uncle John;
isn't baby the perfect linage of his
papa?" Uncle John "Yes. yes, my
dear, but never miud. He may out
grow it as he gels older." Journal of
First Band Leader Tm going to
give a series of sacred concerts Suu
daya" Second B. L. "What will be
the special sacred feature of them?"
First B. L. "O. I'll omit the usual in
termission for beer." H'est Shore.
Wanderer "Kind dame, can you
give me a place to lay m dowu to
die?" The Kind Dame Certainly.
Just go up to the burn. My husband
is the county coroner an' he hain't had
a case for a month." Brooklyn Life.
Mrs. Nutgall "What are you writ
ing. John?'' Nutgall "A purely busi
ness letter, my dear. By the w ay, how
do you spell inamorata?" Mrs. N.
(rising) With a . I'll show
you, you wretch!" Boston Traveller.
One Matrou "No: I do not nllow
my husband to address mo by my
Christian nam-." Auother Matron
"I shouldu't miud that at all. It is the
unchristian names he breaks out with
every once in a while that I object to."
Mrs. Jinks (meaningly) "I asked
Dr. Aquapura if whisky was good for
colds and' he said 'No.'" Mr. Jinks
"Well. I don't believe I've got a cold
anyhow. It's something else. Did
the doctor mention what disease wliis-
lfi u? trnml forP" X V UWrhi
Watts "Now, if I understand cor
rectly, the first principle of socialism
is to divide with your brother mau."
Potts "Then you dou't understand it
correctly. The first principle of so
cialism is to make your brother divide
wilh you." Indianapolis Journal.
P. T. Barunm says that the press,
pulpit and circus have worked to
gether to civili.o. enlightea and raise
the moral standard of the world. The
toss, however, doesn't wait until the
kes are foriv years old before it
springs them upon the public. A"or-
"Now. children, I tell you, you must
never steal. When you want new
clothes the way to do is'to buy them on
credit. Then you will always be well
clothed; you won't have paid out auy
money for them, and you will always
be looked on as honest, respectable
people." Fliegende Blatter.
Dashaway "Cigar?" Cleverton
Thanks (puff, puff) that's a good
weed. Aren't (puff) you going to
smoke too?'" Dashaway (examining
the remainiug one closely) "No; 1
think not." Cleverton ""You must
(pull) have given (puff) me (puff,
puff) the wrong oue." Harper's Bazar.
Young Husband (meeting his wife
ou the street) "Horrors! is tho baby
dead?" Youug Wife "What noi
sense! Of course not. I just this mo
meut left him as well as ever. Why
did you think anything had happened?"
Young Husband (with a gasp of relief)
"Why. here I am ouly two blocks
from home and I dou't hear him."
Foreigners In the Itusaian Army.
The military authorities of St. Peters
burg have decreed that in future for
eigners shall not be allowed to serve in
the army unless they are willing to be
come Russian citizens.
HUMAN' .S0AJV COUHDS.
PECULIAR SP-'J'M ! r-J'JMD IN THE
FLATW V) 3 ; ) : fLOtlOh.
Tholr Pnml n 1 IM-i.iti ..mt nm to Htnka
Soap I'.in ..i ,.i r i-lr S'omtrlK
Tilth-1 fi'll ti t,f IVhlaU.
Ho was a tall, hint: individual, with
homespun ahirt, opi-n at tho throat,
jean troupers. Muffed in his bouts, a
broadbrim tiliiiieii hut, n gun iietoss
his arm and tlnj queerest complexion
of any mortal I ever saw. Ho was the
color of a froM-bliteii pumpkin, and
his skin was us w riukled and wretched
looking a a side of rtissi t leather
that had lain iu the ruiu for many
1 met Um down In the natwoods of
Moritla, on the road between Tallahas
see ami Crawfordvlllc. I afterwards
saw others with the same peculiar com
piexion. but that fellow a image haunts
me sin:, (seeing how intently l Mas
gar-ing at this queer character, my
traveling companion asKea:
"Well, what do you think of him?"'
w hat is her
"Why, my friend, that is nothin
more nor less man au animated soap
. x- . .. .. .. . . .
mil nn i mean to say that lie is a
soap eater? '
Not exactly that, but he eats the in
gredients and the soap is made itj bis
You don't say! Explain."
"Hell, you see, this section is under
laid by a wonderful strata of lirneroek
As a matter of course the well water is
thoroughly impregnated with rotten
lime, aud it is t lie. ouly tliiuking water
tue people hereabouts have iiuite dif
ferent from the pure water among the
clay hills cose around J allaltassee."
What lots that to do with It?"
"Hold ou; I haven't made the con
ned ion yeL These people eat very fat
nog meni, ineir bread is made to rise
by usitig great quantities of carbonate
of so. I a, and when lliev get ail this
mess in their atomachs the work of
soap - making begins. Lime water,
alkali of the soda, grens of the hog
meat, heat of the stomach. See?"
"Ugh! I dou't wonder at their hav
Ing such yellow, parch meut like skin.'
Un our way back we stopped at
Jvim s house for diuner.so that I might
8-e that spread of soap-making ingre
As w e rode up to the door of the log
cabin a pack of some dozen or more
curs, of every conceivable size and
color, came rushing.snarling and snap
ping at our horses' heels. A tow-
headed girl, of about fourteen summers.
peeped around the corner of the but
-What yer want?"
-van oujrour aogs, o.iuic, we are
going to stay for dinner," said my com
"Wall why don't yer 'light. Yer
know them purps won't bite. Yer've
bin here before, Dick. Who's that
lie's all right. Sallie. he wants your
oan to ten mm about me hunting in
We hitched our horses to pine-saplings
and had almost reached the door
when a swarm of halt-naked, tallow
faced, frowsly - beaded urchins sur-
rouuuea us. .miss bailie Had come
from the corner and was waiting to
receive us, cordially inviting us to en
"Where are the old folks?" asked my
"Main, she's a sotlin' out 'later viues.
and dad, lie s a huutiu'. They'll be
here arter while. Sot down."
Sadie then went to the backdoor and
placing a cow-horu to ber lips blew
several iouu masts.
"That'll fetch 'em," she said, as 6he
came back into the room.
In a few minutes the old lady, with
her homespun skirts gathered up and
tied around her waist with a string:
came in. her rough hands full of mud
and a tired look on her careworn face.
Howdy, Dick, and you too, strang
We returued her salutation, and she
began to scrub the dirt from her hands,
talking of the weather.of crops aud va
vious other subjects the while.
Sallie was spreading the bare table
with tiu plates aud getting ready for
the noonday meat. While these pre
parations were goiug on the man of
the hause came in and cordially greet
ed us. He brought with him four or
live wild turkeys which he had shot
during the moruing and turned them
over lo Sallie. with instructions to
dress them ami mako ready for him to
carry to the Tallahassee market next
The diuner! I tried hard to eat, but
wild visions ot human soap factories
flitted before my agonized mental eyes
aud I could uot swallow to save me.
However, the other all ate wilh seem
The spread consisted of great gobs
of fat pork, roasted sweet potatoes,
boiled long-leaf collards. syrup black
coffee without sugar and cor u bread.
"You had good luck with your gun
this morning." I said to the host.
"No. notion' extra. I snap-icd a
twig aud they jerked the'r heads up so
snddiut thet 'l only got them four fel
lers. I often picks up six or seven at a
"You don't mean to say that you
brought down these f?ur turkevs at one
Oh.-es; the way I shoots it's ea"y,"
"How is that?"
Wa'II, yer see. I finds wharthe tur
keys use; ihen I digs a straight trench
'bout four or five inches deep) and
twenty or thirty paces long, nud right
at tlicr end of it 1 piles a brush heap to
bide behind; then I bails ther trench
with coru and keeps bailin' it fresh
ev'ry mornin' till I gets ther turkeys to
com in' thar iu droves; then I goes' out
soon in ther mornin' and hides belli ud
ther brush heap; they turkeys dips ther
heads to eat ther corn; they's all iu a
line; tlieu I takes aim and pop she goes,
and over conies a hull buuch of 'em
"That's a novel way to kill turkeys.
Keeps your table well supplied, doesn't
it?" 1 asked, tliiuking of the dinner
"Hog and hom'ny's good 'nougli for
us." was bis reply. "I alius takes
what game I shoots to Tallahassee and
sells it. Wild turkeys bring too good
a price for poor folks to eat 'em."
I wondered what he did with the
money from the sale of so much game,
as I saw no signs of even the ordinary
comforts of life about tho place, and
iny friend, .reading the thought in my
cyo, laughed, and. slapping Tom on
the shoulder, said iu yvay of reply to
"Tom, it would be better for you if
you nte your game at home, instead of
spending the proceeds in a big drunk,
never saviug nioro than enough to buy
a fresh supply of ammunition."
As we rode back through the woods
to Tallahassee, my friend told me that
little Sallie and her mother did all the
work about the place, raising what
crops they could, and that Tom never
did anything but huut and drink coru
juice w hisky. N. Y. World.
Clarence Phillips, a boy residing in
Tampa. Fla., has been presented with
a handsome medal of gold and silver
by Mrs. J. C. Williams, from bravery
in pulling out in a leaky boat to the
rescue of a party of ladies in a dis
abled yacht, ami succeeding iu gelling
the imperiled craft into a safe harbor.
Engraved upon the medal is a view oi
55 AND 57 FIRST ST.
Bcad-carte, BiigjfieR, Spring Waj
ons, Blowers, Dinders, Feed
Cutters, Pumps, Etc.
WE CARRI A LARGE VAElEf (
Birlm. Carrtawa and Rprinf ITt'iu4
uiannriwtnrril KXPKKSSLf fur
tba Paclfta Coatt Trade
Write for Special Catalogue.
We liar a mad. i
We bare mada arranireuienta to
ai d vilf dwpoao of our stock of
at reduced prices
II till ll'ij )o It Write fur PRICES.
ALLISON, NEFF It CO,
5.1 t 57 FIRST Sr., SAX FRAXCHCt)
BOOKKEEPING, SHORTHAND,! LLEGRAPII
LIFE SCHOLARSHIPS, - S75
o vacatione. Day and Erenlnc Seaalona.
LADIES ADMITTED INTO ALL DEPARTMENT
For further parUcalrra address
T. A. ROBINSON. M. A, PrealdeoU
Dance of His Satanle Blajeaty.
A fantastic orgy was witnessed at
the town of Loougi, the capital of liul
lom, west coast of Africa, by a party
of officers from the West I n'dia regi
ment quartered at Sierre Leone. The
Deoule of Lrftonsri ant Mnlnmnwilnn
but the dancing devil himself is a relic
of not long departed paganism, and so
aiJMJ pruuauij ta me uauce nseu.
It takes place in the courtrard of
the chiefs premises, which is entered
through a circular hut. The scene
which presents itself to any one com
ing suddenly out of the darkness into
the noise aud glare is decidedly un
canny. In the center of a circle whjch
fills the courtrard the devil with an
orthodox tail, a great crocodile's head.
aud long grass, looking like hair, de
pending from his body and legs and
swaying as he moves, leaps, beating
time with his feet to the ,b.-at of the
drums; while the women, two deep.
wail a chant and strike their palms
togemer in slow, rhythmical measure.
t nose in tne iront row bowing down
between each beat.
The young men in long robes and
caps wait wun me women. IJoth are
under vows, the danee being one of
their rites. They look dazed to begin
with, .but gradually work themselves
into afrenzv; and the black faces, the
monotonous, wailing cry. the thrum
ming of the drums, the rattle of the
c lackers, and the beat of the devil's
feet as he springs up, crouches down.
and swings about, make a scene to
shock the quiet moon and stars and
gladden GeheuDa. North of Sierra
Leone Africa ia Mohammedan, south
pagan, and the southern people have
When peace is declared between two
native tribes, the peace devil, who is
fetish, comes leaping into the town:
but if he stumbles or falls it is consid
ered a bad omen and he is put to death
for his pains. His dress is sacred, but
nis person is of no consequence.
ANovel Method of Taxation.
Almost the first difficulty that besets
a peopie trying 10 govern for them
selves is the question of revenue
W here IS tll llinnor In r n
v .vrillz 1 1 W 1 1 1 I
Tajes, the bugbear of all nations, also
puzzle the Swiss. His method of
raising them iu some of the cantons
is alike interesting and novel: No of-
hcial assessment is made of property.
Blanks are distrihutml tn nrr
to be filled in by iu ocenpauts. Th
system is known as the 'progressive"
A. Whft OWna ft 1 flfVl nMl, .1
- . . wr " - . . ,4 v 1 j-
erty. pays taxes only on half of it; B.
who owns $25,000 worth, pavs taxes
on eight-tenths of it. while C'with his
$100,000 worth of property, pays taxes
mi mo wuuie. Aue result, is that U
Pats Dot tho nrnnnrtini.il hruni. ..-.
j . . ...... u , ..iv.Liij-iitcr
times the amount of A's taxes, but fifty
nines as uiucii. a ne incume-tax is
managed after a similar fashion. The
rich pay out of all proportion to the
poorer classes. They probably would
not change places with the poor how
ever, even to save what thev decry as
unjust taxation. . The plan "is uot al
ways a popular one. Leaviug every
man to assess himself has the disad
vantage that the rich, wilh stocks and
bonds, sometimes do not m.-tkereturu
of them. When a rich Swiss dies,
however, the government control of
his estate quickly makes amends for
all his past misdeeds in the wav of as
sessments, and every penny of taxes
held back is now deducted", together
with compound interest and tines.
S. H. M. Byers, in Harper's Maya
tine. Gough's Temptations.
Speaking of Gough, Mr. Bosworlb
said: -Ho was a great orator and a
grand, noble man. but he was not a
master of himself. I remember one
time when a man put some whisky in
a glass of soda water he was aliout tc
drink. Just that taste was enough to
set the appetite alire within him, and
he went off on a protracted spree.
"Very few people ever knew of this, bnl
the fact is related iu one of his biogra
phies. When he came out of it J never
saw a man feel so in all my life. He
cried like a baby aud vowed that he
would never speak before an audience
again, and, if I remember rightly, he
canceled his engagements for the rest
of that year. He has told me - man v
times when passing saloons mounted
on a horse he had dug the spurs into
the beast's flanks and ridden for mile
at breakneck speed to get out of reach
of the temptation." Cleveland Leader.
According to medical protest against
damp or cold beds, warming pans
should come into fashion again. One
medical writer says: "Not only the
guests, but the family, often suffer the
penully of sleeping in cold rooms and
chilling their bodies at a time when
they need all their bodily heat, by get
ting between cool sheets. Even ia
warm, summer weather a cold, damp
bed will get in its deadly work. It is
a needless peril and the ueglect to
provide dry rooms and beds has in it
J:i5&"",ueuls of murder aud suicide."
I I , J. jmjL jm "Lien jm
'NEFF & o
Poison in a Pipe.
Few smokers fall realize the dan
ger of smoking new or improper! j
cured obacco. The medical staff of
the German armj discovered this was
a fruitful source of throat disease.
The subsistence department of the
V. S. Armj bare adopted Seal of
Sorth Carolina Plug Cut as the Stand
ard Smoking Tobacco for the armj.
Beware of Imitations. The genuine
"Seal ot North Carolina costs yon no
more than poisonous imitations.
I. X. L COMPOUND
. . ' AS THX
Cheapest, Most Effective and Handiest
Tot the Destruction of all Scale Insorta, Hoths
aad Mudews affectinc
Iruit Trees aad Vine.
Scad tor Circular.
SIS CALIFORNIA ST, .... ROOM S.
BLAKE, nOF2!TT & T0V7NE
UCK.3TE2S AD URxXJUSS IS
BOOK, NEWS, WRITINO AND YtTZAPVlUO
Card Stock, Straw and Eioders' Eoari
Patent Madias made Bags.
CIS to 818 Sacramento t Sax Ffc-tjijs-..
409-11 Washington St,
Opposite Post OfBca,
The favorite Printer Supply Hottae of the
Pacific Coaat. . Prompt, Square and Pro-
Kinwixc. mock complete, repr.
latest and beat of the Eastern M
and Rnle all on the Point System.
. PACIFIC COAST AOB.1T fom
Conner's Tj. 8. Type Foondrr, New York.
Barnhardt'e O. W.Type Foundry, Chicago.
Benton, Waldo & Co'e Self Sparing Type. f
Babcock Cylinders, "-:-"
Colt'a Armory Imp'd. Universal,
Chandler and Price Gordon Presses,
Economic Paper Cntters, '
Simons- Cases and Fnrnitnre,
Holding's Pit sat g and Tools.
Keystone Qnotns, -
rage's wood Type,
Inks and Rollera,
Tablet Composition, Ete.
NEWSPAPERS ON THE HOME PLAN.
C-mplete Outfits and the Smallest (Mm
ffl -t with the Mmt gj,ifl ..H .....
attention. Soecimen books tnailnt -T --V:.
cation. Address all orders to
HAWKS & SHATTUCK,
0 9 Washington St, San Francisco.
rowaerea 3 i-ivv usustic Soda.
Pare Caostie Soda. Commercial Potash, etc
- . v mil. 17 J X . T. J ;
80n A- V SrilA A front fAA If-a. . .
claco. ' :
ELECTRIC LUSTRE STARCH
TSJ0t?of work 10c a packaj-s or S.S0 a case
-"s"-" m ww yea ana bo mis
take. Recketa Blue If yoa have srled yea stttl
- - - - rwi mm, i. ewis laens ail. ac
oa.. 0o lb. or $3.00 a box of 8 pounds.
Empire Wringer never falls to give satisfaction
qosiliy the Mrue as years ago, price reduced
to 4 cavh Cheaper wrinr from u nr.
Becker Waabera for long aae and aaUnfActorr
results prore the best SIS and S12. TneHaiB
boldt too ia sure to please 7..'.e.
TYaYl mene aw-tak r. ..11 smI ..k a aii a a.
--"it 'B"s win raau mi outer
for UaodiT pun-oee, 4J.W p?r 100 lb, si. pet
box. Orer 100 grades of soap in store. 40o box ur
8PPiT yourself with the a bore articles aud
WaSla dAT mill hit I, a- ivlAaaanta. s
whole week. Yon will smile, the r)iiiitr ti
rti.ht .. . " . . 'V- roar
lAUCr. Anri that, idsn .1 . . . ..
aaT.. j eax-7 OJU mj Ut OW1 at
SMITH'S CASH STORE
Store 418 Front St.. a. fiml
Ajk for full list of SO0Q artlclee. -
a Superior Bemedy for all
THTfAlT IVIi TITVlTPOrPTPO
ASTHMA, C0UUHS, C0L&S, CROCP! IX-
i LLENZA, BK0.CH1T1S. WH00PIXG
C0CGH, LOSS OF VOICE, HOARSE
KESS ASD INCIPIENT CON
SUMPTION, Beadlly yield to its Healing Power.
psice; 60 cbhts.
J. B. GATES & C0- - - ProDrititors
IT &1X30H5 STEETT. B. F.
.. i , .... .